76 relations: Aeschynite-(Y), Alpha decay, Antiferromagnetism, Atomic number, Bastnäsite, Beta decay, Cadmium, Calcium fluoride, Calcium sulfate, Cermet, Chalcogen, Chemical element, Chlorine, Coercivity, Crystal structure, Dosimeter, Dysprosium(III) oxide, Electron capture, Erbium, Euxenite, Excited state, Fergusonite, Ferromagnetism, Fluorine, Frank Spedding, Froth flotation, Gadolinite, Half-life, Hard disk drive, Helium, Holmium, Holmium(III) oxide, Hydrogen, Infrared, Ion exchange, Ionizing radiation, Iowa State University, Isotope, Lanthanide, Laser, Luminescence, Magnetic refrigeration, Magnetic susceptibility, Magnetism, Magnetostriction, Metal-halide lamp, Mineral, Monazite, Mouse, Natural abundance, ..., Neodymium, Neodymium magnet, Neutron temperature, Nuclear isomer, Nuclear reactor, Oxidizing agent, Paramagnetism, Paris, Paul-Émile Lecoq de Boisbaudran, Phosphate, Polycrase, Radionuclide, Rare-earth element, Static electricity, Sulfuric acid, Tantalum, Terfenol-D, Theodore Gray, Thulium, Toyota, Transducer, United States Department of Energy, United States Geological Survey, Vanadium, Xenotime, Yttrium. Expand index (26 more) » « Shrink index
Aeschynite-(Y) (or Aeschinite-(Y), Aeschynite-(Yt), Blomstrandine, Priorite) is a rare earth mineral of yttrium, calcium, iron, thorium, titanium, niobium, oxygen, and hydrogen with formula: (Y,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6.
Alpha decay or α-decay is a type of radioactive decay in which an atomic nucleus emits an alpha particle (helium nucleus) and thereby transforms or 'decays' into an atom with a mass number that is reduced by four and an atomic number that is reduced by two.
In materials that exhibit antiferromagnetism, the magnetic moments of atoms or molecules, usually related to the spins of electrons, align in a regular pattern with neighboring spins (on different sublattices) pointing in opposite directions.
The atomic number or proton number (symbol Z) of a chemical element is the number of protons found in the nucleus of an atom.
The mineral bastnäsite (or bastnaesite) is one of a family of three carbonate-fluoride minerals, which includes bastnäsite-(Ce) with a formula of (Ce, La)CO3F, bastnäsite-(La) with a formula of (La, Ce)CO3F, and bastnäsite-(Y) with a formula of (Y, Ce)CO3F.
In nuclear physics, beta decay (β-decay) is a type of radioactive decay in which a beta ray (fast energetic electron or positron) and a neutrino are emitted from an atomic nucleus.
Cadmium is a chemical element with symbol Cd and atomic number 48.
Calcium fluoride is the inorganic compound of the elements calcium and fluorine with the formula CaF2.
Calcium sulfate (or calcium sulphate) is the inorganic compound with the formula CaSO4 and related hydrates.
A cermet is a composite material composed of ceramic (cer) and metal (met) materials.
The chalcogens are the chemical elements in group 16 of the periodic table.
A chemical element is a species of atoms having the same number of protons in their atomic nuclei (that is, the same atomic number, or Z).
Chlorine is a chemical element with symbol Cl and atomic number 17.
In electrical engineering and materials science, the coercivity, also called the magnetic coercivity, coercive field or coercive force, is a measure of the ability of a ferromagnetic material to withstand an external magnetic field without becoming demagnetized.
In crystallography, crystal structure is a description of the ordered arrangement of atoms, ions or molecules in a crystalline material.
A radiation dosimeter is a device that measures exposure to ionizing radiation.
Dysprosium Oxide (Dy2O3) is a pastel yellowish-greenish, slightly hygroscopic powder having specialized uses in ceramics, glass, phosphors, lasers and dysprosium metal halide lamps.
Electron capture (K-electron capture, also K-capture, or L-electron capture, L-capture) is a process in which the proton-rich nucleus of an electrically neutral atom absorbs an inner atomic electron, usually from the K or L electron shell.
Erbium is a chemical element with symbol Er and atomic number 68.
Euxenite or euxenite-(Y) (a correct mineralogical name) is a brownish black mineral with a metallic luster.
In quantum mechanics, an excited state of a system (such as an atom, molecule or nucleus) is any quantum state of the system that has a higher energy than the ground state (that is, more energy than the absolute minimum).
Fergusonite is a mineral comprising a complex oxide of various rare-earth elements.
Ferromagnetism is the basic mechanism by which certain materials (such as iron) form permanent magnets, or are attracted to magnets.
Fluorine is a chemical element with symbol F and atomic number 9.
Frank Harold Spedding (22 October 1902 – 15 December 1984) was a Canadian American chemist.
Froth flotation is a process for selectively separating hydrophobic materials from hydrophilic.
Gadolinite, sometimes known as ytterbite, is a silicate mineral consisting principally of the silicates of cerium, lanthanum, neodymium, yttrium, beryllium, and iron with the formula (Ce,La,Nd,Y)2FeBe2Si2O10.
Half-life (symbol t1⁄2) is the time required for a quantity to reduce to half its initial value.
A hard disk drive (HDD), hard disk, hard drive or fixed disk is an electromechanical data storage device that uses magnetic storage to store and retrieve digital information using one or more rigid rapidly rotating disks (platters) coated with magnetic material.
Helium (from lit) is a chemical element with symbol He and atomic number 2.
Holmium is a chemical element with symbol Ho and atomic number 67.
Holmium(III) oxide, or holmium oxide is a chemical compound of a rare-earth element holmium and oxygen with the formula Ho2O3.
Hydrogen is a chemical element with symbol H and atomic number 1.
Infrared radiation (IR) is electromagnetic radiation (EMR) with longer wavelengths than those of visible light, and is therefore generally invisible to the human eye (although IR at wavelengths up to 1050 nm from specially pulsed lasers can be seen by humans under certain conditions). It is sometimes called infrared light.
Ion exchange is an exchange of ions between two electrolytes or between an electrolyte solution and a complex.
Ionizing radiation (ionising radiation) is radiation that carries enough energy to liberate electrons from atoms or molecules, thereby ionizing them.
Iowa State University of Science and Technology, generally referred to as Iowa State, is a public flagship land-grant and space-grant research university located in Ames, Iowa, United States.
Isotopes are variants of a particular chemical element which differ in neutron number.
The lanthanide or lanthanoid series of chemical elements comprises the 15 metallic chemical elements with atomic numbers 57 through 71, from lanthanum through lutetium.
A laser is a device that emits light through a process of optical amplification based on the stimulated emission of electromagnetic radiation.
Luminescence is emission of light by a substance not resulting from heat; it is thus a form of cold-body radiation.
Magnetic refrigeration is a cooling technology based on the magnetocaloric effect.
In electromagnetism, the magnetic susceptibility (Latin: susceptibilis, "receptive"; denoted) is one measure of the magnetic properties of a material.
Magnetism is a class of physical phenomena that are mediated by magnetic fields.
Magnetostriction (cf. electrostriction) is a property of ferromagnetic materials that causes them to change their shape or dimensions during the process of magnetization.
A metal-halide lamp is an electrical lamp that produces light by an electric arc through a gaseous mixture of vaporized mercury and metal halides (compounds of metals with bromine or iodine).
A mineral is a naturally occurring chemical compound, usually of crystalline form and not produced by life processes.
Monazite is a reddish-brown phosphate mineral containing rare-earth metals.
A mouse (Mus), plural mice, is a small rodent characteristically having a pointed snout, small rounded ears, a body-length scaly tail and a high breeding rate.
In physics, natural abundance (NA) refers to the abundance of isotopes of a chemical element as naturally found on a planet.
Neodymium is a chemical element with symbol Nd and atomic number 60.
A neodymium magnet (also known as NdFeB, NIB or Neo magnet), the most widely used type of rare-earth magnet, is a permanent magnet made from an alloy of neodymium, iron and boron to form the Nd2Fe14B tetragonal crystalline structure.
The neutron detection temperature, also called the neutron energy, indicates a free neutron's kinetic energy, usually given in electron volts.
A nuclear isomer is a metastable state of an atomic nucleus caused by the excitation of one or more of its nucleons (protons or neutrons).
A nuclear reactor, formerly known as an atomic pile, is a device used to initiate and control a self-sustained nuclear chain reaction.
In chemistry, an oxidizing agent (oxidant, oxidizer) is a substance that has the ability to oxidize other substances — in other words to cause them to lose electrons.
Paramagnetism is a form of magnetism whereby certain materials are weakly attracted by an externally applied magnetic field, and form internal, induced magnetic fields in the direction of the applied magnetic field.
Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.
Paul-Émile Lecoq de Boisbaudran, also called François Lecoq de Boisbaudran (18 April 1838 – 28 May 1912), was a French chemist known for his discoveries of the chemical elements gallium, samarium and dysprosium.
A phosphate is chemical derivative of phosphoric acid.
Polycrase or polycrase-(Y) is a black or brown metallic complex uranium yttrium oxide mineral with formula: (Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Ti,Nb,Ta)2O6.
A radionuclide (radioactive nuclide, radioisotope or radioactive isotope) is an atom that has excess nuclear energy, making it unstable.
A rare-earth element (REE) or rare-earth metal (REM), as defined by IUPAC, is one of a set of seventeen chemical elements in the periodic table, specifically the fifteen lanthanides, as well as scandium and yttrium.
Static electricity is an imbalance of electric charges within or on the surface of a material.
Sulfuric acid (alternative spelling sulphuric acid) is a mineral acid with molecular formula H2SO4.
Tantalum is a chemical element with symbol Ta and atomic number 73.
Terfenol-D, an alloy of the formula x1−x (x ~ 0.3), is a magnetostrictive material.
Theodore W. "Theo" Gray is a co-founder of Wolfram Research, science author, and co-founder of app developer Touch Press.
Thulium is a chemical element with symbol Tm and atomic number 69.
, usually shortened to Toyota, is a Japanese multinational automotive manufacturer headquartered in Toyota, Aichi, Japan.
A transducer is a device that converts energy from one form to another.
The United States Department of Energy (DOE) is a cabinet-level department of the United States Government concerned with the United States' policies regarding energy and safety in handling nuclear material.
The United States Geological Survey (USGS, formerly simply Geological Survey) is a scientific agency of the United States government.
Vanadium is a chemical element with symbol V and atomic number 23.
Xenotime is a rare-earth phosphate mineral, the major component of which is yttrium orthophosphate (YPO4).
Yttrium is a chemical element with symbol Y and atomic number 39.