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E7 (mathematics)

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In mathematics, E7 is the name of several closely related Lie groups, linear algebraic groups or their Lie algebras e7, all of which have dimension 133; the same notation E7 is used for the corresponding root lattice, which has rank 7. [1]

59 relations: Academic Press, ADE classification, Albert algebra, Algebraic group, ATLAS of Finite Groups, Cartan matrix, Cartan subalgebra, Cartan subgroup, Chevalley basis, Classification of finite simple groups, Compact space, Complex dimension, Cyclic group, Dimensional reduction, Dynkin diagram, E6 (mathematics), E8 (mathematics), En (Lie algebra), F4 (mathematics), Finite field, Freudenthal magic square, Fundamental representation, G2 (mathematics), Galois cohomology, Gauge theory, Graduate Texts in Mathematics, Group of Lie type, Hans Freudenthal, Heterotic string theory, Isometry group, Jacques Tits, John C. Baez, Jordan algebra, K3 surface, Kantor–Koecher–Tits construction, Lang's theorem, Lie algebra, Lie group, List of simple Lie groups, Mathematics, Octonion, Outer automorphism group, Perfect field, Quaternion, Root system, Schur multiplier, Simple group, Simple Lie group, Singlet state, Springer Science+Business Media, ..., String theory, Supergravity, Supersymmetry, Symmetric space, Trivial group, University of Chicago Press, Weyl character formula, Weyl equation, Weyl group. Expand index (9 more) »

Academic Press

Academic Press is an academic book publisher.

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ADE classification

In mathematics, the ADE classification (originally A-D-E classifications) is a situation where certain kinds of objects are in correspondence with simply laced Dynkin diagrams.

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Albert algebra

In mathematics, an Albert algebra is a 27-dimensional exceptional Jordan algebra.

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Algebraic group

In algebraic geometry, an algebraic group (or group variety) is a group that is an algebraic variety, such that the multiplication and inversion operations are given by regular maps on the variety.

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ATLAS of Finite Groups

The ATLAS of Finite Groups, often simply known as the ATLAS, is a group theory book by John Horton Conway, Robert Turner Curtis, Simon Phillips Norton, Richard Alan Parker and Robert Arnott Wilson (with computational assistance from J. G. Thackray), published in December 1985 by Oxford University Press and reprinted with corrections in 2003.

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Cartan matrix

In mathematics, the term Cartan matrix has three meanings.

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Cartan subalgebra

In mathematics, a Cartan subalgebra, often abbreviated as CSA, is a nilpotent subalgebra \mathfrak of a Lie algebra \mathfrak that is self-normalising (if \in \mathfrak for all X \in \mathfrak, then Y \in \mathfrak).

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Cartan subgroup

In mathematics, a Cartan subgroup of a Lie group or algebraic group G is one of the subgroups whose Lie algebra is a Cartan subalgebra.

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Chevalley basis

In mathematics, a Chevalley basis for a simple complex Lie algebra is a basis constructed by Claude Chevalley with the property that all structure constants are integers.

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Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.

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Christmas and holiday season

The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.

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Christmas Eve

Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.

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Christmas traditions

Christmas traditions vary from country to country.

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Classification of finite simple groups

In mathematics, the classification of the finite simple groups is a theorem stating that every finite simple group belongs to one of four broad classes described below.

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Compact space

In mathematics, and more specifically in general topology, compactness is a property that generalizes the notion of a subset of Euclidean space being closed (that is, containing all its limit points) and bounded (that is, having all its points lie within some fixed distance of each other).

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Complex dimension

In mathematics, complex dimension usually refers to the dimension of a complex manifold M, or a complex algebraic variety V. If the complex dimension is d, the real dimension will be 2d.

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Cyclic group

In algebra, a cyclic group or monogenous group is a group that is generated by a single element.

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Dimensional reduction

Dimensional reduction is the limit of a compactified theory where the size of the compact dimension goes to zero.

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Dynkin diagram

In the mathematical field of Lie theory, a Dynkin diagram, named for Eugene Dynkin, is a type of graph with some edges doubled or tripled (drawn as a double or triple line).

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E6 (mathematics)

In mathematics, E6 is the name of some closely related Lie groups, linear algebraic groups or their Lie algebras \mathfrak_6, all of which have dimension 78; the same notation E6 is used for the corresponding root lattice, which has rank 6.

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E8 (mathematics)

In mathematics, E8 is any of several closely related exceptional simple Lie groups, linear algebraic groups or Lie algebras of dimension 248; the same notation is used for the corresponding root lattice, which has rank 8.

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En (Lie algebra)

In mathematics, especially in Lie theory, En is the Kac–Moody algebra whose Dynkin diagram is a bifurcating graph with three branches of length 1,2, and k, with k.

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F4 (mathematics)

In mathematics, F4 is the name of a Lie group and also its Lie algebra f4.

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Finite field

In mathematics, a finite field or Galois field (so-named in honor of Évariste Galois) is a field that contains a finite number of elements.

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Freudenthal magic square

In mathematics, the Freudenthal magic square (or Freudenthal–Tits magic square) is a construction relating several Lie algebras (and their associated Lie groups).

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Fundamental representation

In representation theory of Lie groups and Lie algebras, a fundamental representation is an irreducible finite-dimensional representation of a semisimple Lie group or Lie algebra whose highest weight is a fundamental weight.

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G2 (mathematics)

In mathematics, G2 is the name of three simple Lie groups (a complex form, a compact real form and a split real form), their Lie algebras \mathfrak_2, as well as some algebraic groups.

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Galois cohomology

In mathematics, Galois cohomology is the study of the group cohomology of Galois modules, that is, the application of homological algebra to modules for Galois groups.

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Gauge theory

In physics, a gauge theory is a type of field theory in which the Lagrangian is invariant under certain Lie groups of local transformations.

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Graduate Texts in Mathematics

Graduate Texts in Mathematics (GTM) (ISSN 0072-5285) is a series of graduate-level textbooks in mathematics published by Springer-Verlag.

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Group of Lie type

In mathematics, specifically in group theory, the phrase group of Lie type usually refers to finite groups that are closely related to the group of rational points of a reductive linear algebraic group with values in a finite field.

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Hans Freudenthal

Hans Freudenthal (17 September 1905 – 13 October 1990) was a Jewish-German-born Dutch mathematician.

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Heterotic string theory

In string theory, a heterotic string is a closed string (or loop) which is a hybrid ('heterotic') of a superstring and a bosonic string.

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Isometry group

In mathematics, the isometry group of a metric space is the set of all bijective isometries (i.e. bijective, distance-preserving maps) from the metric space onto itself, with the function composition as group operation.

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Jacques Tits

Jacques Tits (born 12 August 1930 in Uccle) is a Belgium-born French mathematician who works on group theory and incidence geometry, and who introduced Tits buildings, the Tits alternative, and the Tits group.

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John C. Baez

John Carlos Baez (born June 12, 1961) is an American mathematical physicist and a professor of mathematics at the University of California, Riverside (UCR) in Riverside, California.

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Jordan algebra

In abstract algebra, a Jordan algebra is an nonassociative algebra over a field whose multiplication satisfies the following axioms.

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K3 surface

In mathematics, a K3 surface is a complex or algebraic smooth minimal complete surface that is regular and has trivial canonical bundle.

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Kantor–Koecher–Tits construction

In algebra, the Kantor–Koecher–Tits construction is a method of constructing a Lie algebra from a Jordan algebra, introduced by,, and.

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Lang's theorem

In algebraic geometry, Lang's theorem, introduced by Serge Lang, states: if G is a connected smooth algebraic group over a finite field \mathbf_q, then, writing \sigma: G \to G, \, x \mapsto x^q for the Frobenius, the morphism of varieties is surjective.

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Lie algebra

In mathematics, a Lie algebra (pronounced "Lee") is a vector space \mathfrak g together with a non-associative, alternating bilinear map \mathfrak g \times \mathfrak g \rightarrow \mathfrak g; (x, y) \mapsto, called the Lie bracket, satisfying the Jacobi identity.

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Lie group

In mathematics, a Lie group (pronounced "Lee") is a group that is also a differentiable manifold, with the property that the group operations are compatible with the smooth structure.

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List of simple Lie groups

In mathematics, the simple Lie groups were first classified by Wilhelm Killing and later perfected by Élie Cartan.

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Mathematics (from Greek μάθημα máthēma, "knowledge, study, learning") is the study of such topics as quantity, structure, space, and change.

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New Year

New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.

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New Year's Day

New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.

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New Year's Eve

In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.

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In mathematics, the octonions are a normed division algebra over the real numbers, usually represented by the capital letter O, using boldface O or blackboard bold \mathbb O. There are three lower-dimensional normed division algebras over the reals: the real numbers R themselves, the complex numbers C, and the quaternions H. The octonions have eight dimensions; twice the number of dimensions of the quaternions, of which they are an extension.

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Outer automorphism group

In mathematics, the outer automorphism group of a group,, is the quotient,, where is the automorphism group of and) is the subgroup consisting of inner automorphisms.

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Perfect field

In algebra, a field k is said to be perfect if any one of the following equivalent conditions holds.

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In mathematics, the quaternions are a number system that extends the complex numbers.

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Root system

In mathematics, a root system is a configuration of vectors in a Euclidean space satisfying certain geometrical properties.

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Schur multiplier

In mathematical group theory, the Schur multiplier or Schur multiplicator is the second homology group H2(G, Z) of a group G. It was introduced by in his work on projective representations.

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Simple group

In mathematics, a simple group is a nontrivial group whose only normal subgroups are the trivial group and the group itself.

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Simple Lie group

In group theory, a simple Lie group is a connected non-abelian Lie group G which does not have nontrivial connected normal subgroups.

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Singlet state

In quantum mechanics, a singlet state usually refers to a system in which all electrons are paired.

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Springer Science+Business Media

Springer Science+Business Media or Springer, part of Springer Nature since 2015, is a global publishing company that publishes books, e-books and peer-reviewed journals in science, humanities, technical and medical (STM) publishing.

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String theory

In physics, string theory is a theoretical framework in which the point-like particles of particle physics are replaced by one-dimensional objects called strings.

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In theoretical physics, supergravity (supergravity theory; SUGRA for short) is a modern field theory that combines the principles of supersymmetry and general relativity where supersymmetry obeys locality; in contrast to non-gravitational supersymmetric theories such as the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model.

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In particle physics, supersymmetry (SUSY) is a theory that proposes a relationship between two basic classes of elementary particles: bosons, which have an integer-valued spin, and fermions, which have a half-integer spin.

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Symmetric space

In differential geometry, representation theory and harmonic analysis, a symmetric space is a pseudo-Riemannian manifold whose group of symmetries contains an inversion symmetry about every point.

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Trivial group

In mathematics, a trivial group is a group consisting of a single element.

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University of Chicago Press

The University of Chicago Press is the largest and one of the oldest university presses in the United States.

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Weyl character formula

In mathematics, the Weyl character formula in representation theory describes the characters of irreducible representations of compact Lie groups in terms of their highest weights.

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Weyl equation

In physics, particularly quantum field theory, the Weyl equation is a relativistic wave equation for describing massless spin-1/2 particles called Weyl fermions.

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Weyl group

In mathematics, in particular the theory of Lie algebras, the Weyl group of a root system Φ is a subgroup of the isometry group of the root system.

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2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.

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2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/E7_(mathematics)

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