145 relations: A (Cyrillic), Abbreviation, Acute accent, Alpha, Alphabet, Aprakos, Arkhangelsk Gospel, Armenian alphabet, Asia, Be (Cyrillic), Beta, Bosnian Cyrillic, Che (Cyrillic), Chi (letter), Church Slavonic language, Circumflex, Clement of Ohrid, Codex Suprasliensis, Colon (punctuation), Comma, Coptic alphabet, Council of Preslav, Cyrillic numerals, Cyrillic script, De (Cyrillic), Delta (letter), Diacritic, Diaeresis (diacritic), Dotted I (Cyrillic), Dze, Eastern Europe, Ef (Cyrillic), Egyptian hieroglyphs, El (Cyrillic), Em (Cyrillic), En (Cyrillic), Epsilon, Er (Cyrillic), Es (Cyrillic), Eta, Exclamation mark, First Bulgarian Empire, Fita, Full stop, Gamma, Ge (Cyrillic), Georgian scripts, Glagolitic script, Gospels of Tsar Ivan Alexander, Grave accent, ..., Greek alphabet, Greek diacritics, Greek numerals, I (Cyrillic), Interpunct, Inverted breve, Iota, Iotated A, Iotated E, Izhitsa, Ka (Cyrillic), Kappa, Kha (Cyrillic), Khitrovo Gospels, Koppa (Cyrillic), Koppa (letter), Ksi (Cyrillic), Lambda, Latin alphabet, Lectionary 1, Lectionary 150, Lectionary 152, Lectionary 179, Lectionary 183, Lectionary 269, Lectionary 296, Lectionary 5, Lenition, Michael Everson, Miroslav Gospel, Mu (letter), Nomina sacra, Nu (letter), Numeral (linguistics), O (Cyrillic), Old Church Slavonic, Old East Slavic, Omega, Omega (Cyrillic), Omicron, Ostromir Gospels, Palatalization (phonetics), Pe (Cyrillic), Peter the Great, Phi, Phoenician alphabet, Pi (letter), Pokrytie, Positional notation, Preslav Literary School, Psi (Cyrillic), Psi (letter), Question mark, Reforms of Russian orthography, Relationship of Cyrillic and Glagolitic scripts, Rho, Romanian Cyrillic alphabet, Rough breathing, Russian language, Saints Cyril and Methodius, Sava's book, Scientific transliteration of Cyrillic, Semicolon, Sha (Cyrillic), Shcha, Simeon I of Bulgaria, Slavic languages, Slavic studies, Smooth breathing, Soft sign, Stigma (letter), Tau, Te (Cyrillic), Theta, Titlo, Transliteration, Tse (Cyrillic), Typographic ligature, Uk (Cyrillic), Uncial script, Unicode, University of Toronto, Upsilon, Ve (Cyrillic), Xi (letter), Yat, Ye (Cyrillic), Yer, Yery, Yi (Cyrillic), Yu (Cyrillic), Yus, Ze (Cyrillic), Zeta, Zhe (Cyrillic). Expand index (95 more) » « Shrink index
A (А а; italics: А а) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.
An abbreviation (from Latin brevis, meaning short) is a shortened form of a word or phrase.
The acute accent (´) is a diacritic used in many modern written languages with alphabets based on the Latin, Cyrillic, and Greek scripts.
Alpha (uppercase, lowercase; ἄλφα, álpha, modern pronunciation álfa) is the first letter of the Greek alphabet.
An alphabet is a standard set of letters (basic written symbols or graphemes) that is used to write one or more languages based upon the general principle that the letters represent phonemes (basic significant sounds) of the spoken language.
Aprakos is a kind of Gospel or Acts of the Apostles book, otherwise known as weekly or service Gospel (Acts).
The Archangelsk Gospel (Архангельское Евангелие) is a lectionary in Old Church Slavonic dated to 1092.
The Armenian alphabet (Հայոց գրեր Hayoc' grer or Հայոց այբուբեն Hayoc' aybowben; Eastern Armenian:; Western Armenian) is an alphabetical writing system used to write Armenian.
Asia is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern and Northern Hemispheres.
Be (Б б italics: Б б б) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.
Beta (uppercase, lowercase, or cursive; bē̂ta or βήτα) is the second letter of the Greek alphabet.
Bosnian Cyrillic, widely known as Bosančica is an extinct variant of the Cyrillic alphabet that originated in medieval Bosnia.
Che or Cha (Ч ч; italics: Ч ч) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.
Chi (uppercase Χ, lowercase χ; χῖ) is the 22nd letter of the Greek alphabet, pronounced or in English.
Church Slavonic, also known as Church Slavic, New Church Slavonic or New Church Slavic, is the conservative Slavic liturgical language used by the Orthodox Church in Bulgaria, Poland, the Czech Republic and Slovakia, Russia, Belarus, Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Republic of Macedonia and Ukraine.
The circumflex is a diacritic in the Latin, Greek and Cyrillic scripts that is used in the written forms of many languages and in various romanization and transcription schemes.
Saint Clement of Ohrid (Bulgarian, Macedonian: Свети Климент Охридски,, Άγιος Κλήμης της Αχρίδας, Slovak: svätý Kliment Ochridský / Sloviensky) (ca. 840 – 916) was a medieval Bulgarian saint, scholar, writer and enlightener of the Slavs.
The Codex Suprasliensis is a 10th-century Cyrillic literary monument, the largest extant Old Church Slavonic canon manuscript and the oldest Slavic literary work in Poland.
The colon is a punctuation mark consisting of two equally sized dots centered on the same vertical line.
The comma is a punctuation mark that appears in several variants in different languages.
The Coptic alphabet is the script used for writing the Coptic language.
The People's Council of Preslav (Преславски народен събор) took place in 893.
Cyrillic numerals are a numeral system derived from the Cyrillic script, developed in the First Bulgarian Empire in the late 10th century.
The Cyrillic script is a writing system used for various alphabets across Eurasia (particularity in Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, Central Asia, and North Asia).
De (Д д; italics: Д д) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.
Delta (uppercase Δ, lowercase δ or 𝛿; δέλτα délta) is the fourth letter of the Greek alphabet.
A diacritic – also diacritical mark, diacritical point, diacritical sign, or an accent – is a glyph added to a letter, or basic glyph.
The diaeresis (plural: diaereses), also spelled diæresis or dieresis and also known as the tréma (also: trema) or the umlaut, is a diacritical mark that consists of two dots placed over a letter, usually a vowel.
The dotted i (І і; italics: І і ), also called decimal i (и десятеричное), is a letter of the Cyrillic script.
Dze (Ѕ ѕ) is a letter of the Cyrillic script, used in the Macedonian language to represent the voiced alveolar affricate, pronounced like ⟨ds⟩ in "pods".
Eastern Europe is the eastern part of the European continent.
Ef (Ф ф; italics: Ф ф) is a Cyrillic letter, commonly representing the voiceless labiodental fricative, like the pronunciation of in "fill".
Egyptian hieroglyphs were the formal writing system used in Ancient Egypt.
El (Л л; italics: Л л) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.
Em (М м; italics: М м) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.
En (Н н; italics: Н н) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.
Epsilon (uppercase Ε, lowercase ε or lunate ϵ; έψιλον) is the fifth letter of the Greek alphabet, corresponding phonetically to a mid<!-- not close-mid, see Arvanti (1999) - Illustrations of the IPA: Modern Greek. --> front unrounded vowel.
Er (Р р; italics: Р р) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.
Es (С с; italics: С с) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.
Eta (uppercase, lowercase; ἦτα ē̂ta or ήτα ita) is the seventh letter of the Greek alphabet.
The exclamation mark (British English) or exclamation point (some dialects of American English) is a punctuation mark usually used after an interjection or exclamation to indicate strong feelings or high volume (shouting), or show emphasis, and often marks the end of a sentence.
The First Bulgarian Empire (Old Bulgarian: ц︢рьство бл︢гарское, ts'rstvo bl'garskoe) was a medieval Bulgarian state that existed in southeastern Europe between the 7th and 11th centuries AD.
Fita (Ѳ ѳ; italics: Ѳ ѳ) is a letter of the Early Cyrillic alphabet.
The full point or full stop (British and broader Commonwealth English) or period (North American English) is a punctuation mark.
Gamma (uppercase, lowercase; gámma) is the third letter of the Greek alphabet.
Ghe or Ge (Г г; italics: Г г) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.
The Georgian scripts are the three writing systems used to write the Georgian language: Asomtavruli, Nuskhuri and Mkhedruli.
The Glagolitic script (Ⰳⰾⰰⰳⱁⰾⰹⱌⰰ Glagolitsa) is the oldest known Slavic alphabet.
The Gospels of Tsar Ivan Alexander, Tetraevangelia of Ivan Alexander, or Four Gospels of Ivan Alexander (Четвероевангелие на (цар) Иван Александър, transliterated as Chetveroevangelie na (tsar) Ivan Aleksandar) is an illuminated manuscript Gospel Book, written and illustrated in 1355–1356 for Tsar Ivan Alexander of the Second Bulgarian Empire.
The grave accent (`) is a diacritical mark in many written languages, including Breton, Catalan, Corsican, Dutch, Emilian-Romagnol, French, West Frisian, Greek (until 1982; see polytonic orthography), Haitian Creole, Italian, Mohawk, Occitan, Portuguese, Ligurian, Scottish Gaelic, Vietnamese, Welsh, Romansh, and Yoruba.
The Greek alphabet has been used to write the Greek language since the late 9th or early 8th century BC.
Greek orthography has used a variety of diacritics starting in the Hellenistic period.
Greek numerals, also known as Ionic, Ionian, Milesian, or Alexandrian numerals, are a system of writing numbers using the letters of the Greek alphabet.
I (И и; italics: И и) is a letter used in almost all Cyrillic alphabets.
An interpunct (·), also known as an interpoint, middle dot, middot, and centered dot or centred dot, is a punctuation mark consisting of a vertically centered dot used for interword separation in ancient Latin script.
Inverted breve or arch is a diacritical mark, shaped like the top half of a circle (̑), that is, like an upside-down breve (˘).
Iota (uppercase Ι, lowercase ι) is the ninth letter of the Greek alphabet.
Iotated A is a letter of the Cyrillic script, used today only in Church Slavonic.
Iotated E is a letter of the Cyrillic script.
Izhitsa (Ѵ, ѵ; OCS Ѷжица, И́жица) is a letter of the early Cyrillic alphabet and several later alphabets, usually the last in the row.
Ka (К к; italics: К к) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.
Kappa (uppercase Κ, lowercase κ or cursive ϰ; κάππα, káppa) is the 10th letter of the Greek alphabet, used to represent the sound in Ancient and Modern Greek.
Kha or Ha (Х х; italics: Х х) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.
The Khitrovo Gospels is a Russian illuminated Gospel Book from the late 14th or early 15th century.
Early Cyrillic numeral character Koppa (.
Koppa or qoppa (Ϙ, ϙ; as a modern numeral sign) is a letter that was used in early forms of the Greek alphabet, derived from Phoenician qoph.
Ksi (Ѯ, ѯ) is a letter of the early Cyrillic alphabet, derived from the Greek letter Xi (Ξ, ξ).
Lambda, Λ, λ (uppercase Λ, lowercase λ; λάμ(β)δα lám(b)da) is the 11th letter of the Greek alphabet.
The Latin alphabet or the Roman alphabet is a writing system originally used by the ancient Romans to write the Latin language.
Lectionary 1, designated siglum ℓ 1 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), is a Greek manuscript of the New Testament on vellum.
Lectionary 150, designated by siglum ℓ 150 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), is also known as Codex Harleianus.
Lectionary 152, designated by siglum ℓ 152 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering) is a Greek manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment leaves.
Codex Sancti Simeonis contains a fragment of a Gospel lectionary, or Evangelistarion, designated by siglum ℓ 179 in the Gregory-Aland numbering; it is written on parchment and dated to the 10th century.
Lectionary 183, designated by siglum ℓ 183 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering) is a Greek manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment, written in uncial letters.
Lectionary 269, designated by siglum ℓ 269 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering) is a Greek manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment.
Lectionary 296 (Gregory-Aland), designated by siglum ℓ 296 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering) is a Greek manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment.
Lectionary 5, designated by siglum ℓ 5 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering).
In linguistics, lenition is a kind of sound change that alters consonants, making them more sonorous.
Michael Everson (born January 9, 1963) is an American and Irish linguist, script encoder, typesetter, font designer, and publisher.
Miroslav's Gospel (Мирослављево Јеванђеље / Miroslavljevo Jevanđelje) is a 362-page illuminated manuscript Gospel Book on parchment with very rich decorations.
Mu (uppercase Μ, lowercase μ; Ancient Greek μῦ, μι or μυ—both) or my is the 12th letter of the Greek alphabet.
In Christian scribal practice, Nomina sacra (singular: nomen sacrum from Latin sacred name) is the abbreviation of several frequently occurring divine names or titles, especially in Greek manuscripts of Holy Scripture.
Nu (uppercase Ν lowercase ν; νι ni) or ny is the 13th letter of the Greek alphabet.
In linguistics, a numeral is a member of a part of speech characterized by the designation of numbers; some examples are the English word 'two' and the compound 'seventy-seventh'.
O (О о; italics: О о) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.
Old Church Slavonic, also known as Old Church Slavic (or Ancient/Old Slavonic often abbreviated to OCS; (autonym словѣ́ньскъ ѩꙁꙑ́къ, slověnĭskŭ językŭ), not to be confused with the Proto-Slavic, was the first Slavic literary language. The 9th-century Byzantine missionaries Saints Cyril and Methodius are credited with standardizing the language and using it in translating the Bible and other Ancient Greek ecclesiastical texts as part of the Christianization of the Slavs. It is thought to have been based primarily on the dialect of the 9th century Byzantine Slavs living in the Province of Thessalonica (now in Greece). It played an important role in the history of the Slavic languages and served as a basis and model for later Church Slavonic traditions, and some Eastern Orthodox and Eastern Catholic churches use this later Church Slavonic as a liturgical language to this day. As the oldest attested Slavic language, OCS provides important evidence for the features of Proto-Slavic, the reconstructed common ancestor of all Slavic languages.
Old East Slavic or Old Russian was a language used during the 10th–15th centuries by East Slavs in Kievan Rus' and states which evolved after the collapse of Kievan Rus'.
Omega (capital: Ω, lowercase: ω; Greek ὦ, later ὦ μέγα, Modern Greek ωμέγα) is the 24th and last letter of the Greek alphabet.
Omega (Ѡ ѡ or Ѡ ѡ; italics: Ѡ ѡ or Ѡ ѡ) is a letter used in the early Cyrillic alphabet.
Omicron (uppercase Ο, lowercase ο, literally "small o": όμικρον back rounded vowel. Letters that arose from omicron include Roman O and Cyrillic O. The upper-case letter of omicron (O) was originally used in mathematics as a symbol for Big O notation (representing a function's asymptotic growth rate), but has fallen out of favor because omicron is indistinguishable from the Latin letter O and easily confused with the digit zero (0). Omicron is used to designate the fifteenth star in a constellation group, its ordinal placement a function of both magnitude and position. Such stars include Omicron Andromedae, Omicron Ceti, and Omicron Persei.
The Ostromir Gospels (Russian: Остромирово Евангелие) is the oldest dated East Slavic book.
In phonetics, palatalization (also) or palatization refers to a way of pronouncing a consonant in which part of the tongue is moved close to the hard palate.
Pe (П п; italics: П п) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.
Peter the Great (ˈpʲɵtr vʲɪˈlʲikʲɪj), Peter I (ˈpʲɵtr ˈpʲɛrvɨj) or Peter Alexeyevich (p; –)Dates indicated by the letters "O.S." are in the Julian calendar with the start of year adjusted to 1 January.
Phi (uppercase Φ, lowercase φ or ϕ; ϕεῖ pheî; φι fi) is the 21st letter of the Greek alphabet.
The Phoenician alphabet, called by convention the Proto-Canaanite alphabet for inscriptions older than around 1050 BC, is the oldest verified alphabet.
Pi (uppercase Π, lowercase π; πι) is the sixteenth letter of the Greek alphabet, representing the sound.
Pokrytie ( ҇ ) is one of the historic signs of Cyrillic that was used in Old Church Slavonic.
Positional notation or place-value notation is a method of representing or encoding numbers.
The Preslav Literary School (Преславска книжовна школа), also known as the Pliska Literary School, was the first literary school in the medieval Bulgarian Empire.
Psi (Ѱ, ѱ) is a letter in the early Cyrillic alphabet, derived from the Greek letter psi (Ψ, ψ).
Psi (uppercase Ψ, lowercase ψ; psi) is the 23rd letter of the Greek alphabet and has a numeric value of 700.
The question mark (also known as interrogation point, query, or eroteme in journalism) is a punctuation mark that indicates an interrogative clause or phrase in many languages.
The reform of Russian orthography refers to official and unofficial changes made to the Russian alphabet over the course of the history of the Russian language, and in particular those made between the 18th-20th centuries.
The Glagolitic script is older than Cyrillic script which also uses some of its letters.
Rho (uppercase Ρ, lowercase ρ or ϱ; ῥῶ) is the 17th letter of the Greek alphabet.
The Romanian Cyrillic alphabet is the Cyrillic alphabet that was used to write the Romanian language before 1860–1862, when it was officially replaced by a Latin-based Romanian alphabet.
In the polytonic orthography of Ancient Greek, the rough breathing (dasỳ pneûma or δασεῖα daseîa; δασεία dasía; Latin spīritus asper), is a diacritical mark used to indicate the presence of an sound before a vowel, diphthong, or after rho.
Russian (rússkiy yazýk) is an East Slavic language, which is official in Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as being widely spoken throughout Eastern Europe, the Baltic states, the Caucasus and Central Asia.
Saints Cyril and Methodius (826–869, 815–885; Κύριλλος καὶ Μεθόδιος; Old Church Slavonic) were two brothers who were Byzantine Christian theologians and Christian missionaries.
Sava's book (Савина книга, Savina kniga; Саввина книга, Savvina kniga) is a 129-folio Cyrillic Old Church Slavonic canon evangeliary, written in the eleventh century.
Scientific transliteration, variously called academic, linguistic, international, or scholarly transliteration, is an international system for transliteration of text from the Cyrillic script to the Latin script (romanization).
The semicolon or semi colon is a punctuation mark that separates major sentence elements.
Sha (Ш ш; italics: Ш ш) is a letter of the Glagolitic and Cyrillic script.
Shcha (Щ щ; italics: Щ щ) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.
Simeon (also Symeon) I the Great (Симеон I Велики, transliterated Simeon I Veliki) ruled over Bulgaria from 893 to 927,Lalkov, Rulers of Bulgaria, pp.
The Slavic languages (also called Slavonic languages) are the Indo-European languages spoken by the Slavic peoples.
Slavic studies (North America), Slavonic studies (Britain and Ireland) or Slavistics (borrowed from Russian славистика or Polish slawistyka) is the academic field of area studies concerned with Slavic areas, Slavic languages, literature, history, and culture.
The smooth breathing (psilòn pneûma; ψιλή psilí; spīritus lēnis) is a diacritical mark used in polytonic orthography.
The soft sign (Ь, ь, italics Ь, ь; Russian: мягкий знак) also known as the front yer or front er, is a letter of the Cyrillic script.
Stigma (ϛ) is a ligature of the Greek letters sigma (Σ) and tau (Τ), which was used in writing Greek between the Middle Ages and the 19th century.
Tau (uppercase Τ, lowercase τ; ταυ) is the 19th letter of the Greek alphabet.
Te (Т т; italics: Т т) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.
Theta (uppercase Θ or ϴ, lowercase θ (which resembles digit 0 with horizontal line) or ϑ; θῆτα thē̂ta; Modern: θήτα| thī́ta) is the eighth letter of the Greek alphabet, derived from the Phoenician letter Teth.
Titlo is an extended diacritic symbol initially used in early Cyrillic manuscripts, e.g., in Old Church Slavonic and Old East Slavic languages.
Transliteration is a type of conversion of a text from one script to another that involves swapping letters (thus trans- + liter-) in predictable ways (such as α → a, д → d, χ → ch, ն → n or æ → e).
Tse (Ц ц; italics: Ц ц) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.
In writing and typography, a ligature occurs where two or more graphemes or letters are joined as a single glyph.
Uk (Оу оу; italics: Оу оу) is a digraph of the early Cyrillic alphabet, although commonly considered and used as a single letter.
Uncial is a majusculeGlaister, Geoffrey Ashall.
Unicode is a computing industry standard for the consistent encoding, representation, and handling of text expressed in most of the world's writing systems.
The University of Toronto (U of T, UToronto, or Toronto) is a public research university in Toronto, Ontario, Canada on the grounds that surround Queen's Park.
Upsilon (or; uppercase Υ, lowercase υ; ύψιλον ýpsilon) or ypsilon is the 20th letter of the Greek alphabet.
Ve (В в; italics: В в) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.
Xi (uppercase Ξ, lowercase ξ; ξι) is the 14th letter of the Greek alphabet.
Yat or jat (Ѣ ѣ; italics: Ѣ ѣ) is the thirty-second letter of the old Cyrillic alphabet, as well as the name of the sound it represented.
Ye (Е е; italics: Е е) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.
A yer is one of two letters in Cyrillic alphabets: ъ (ѥръ, jerŭ) and ь (ѥрь, jerĭ).
Yery, Yeru, Ery or Eru (Ы ы; italics: Ы ы, usually called "Ы" in modern Russian or "еры" yerý historically and in modern Church Slavonic) is a letter in the Cyrillic script.
Yi (Ї ї; italics: Ї ї) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.
Yu (Ю ю; italics: Ю ю) is a letter of the Cyrillic script used in East Slavic and Bulgarian alphabets.
Little yus (Ѧ ѧ) and big yus (Ѫ ѫ), or jus, are letters of the Cyrillic script representing two Common Slavonic nasal vowels in the early Cyrillic and Glagolitic alphabets.
Ze (З з; italics: З з) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.
Zeta (uppercase Ζ, lowercase ζ; ζῆτα, label, classical or zē̂ta; zíta) is the sixth letter of the Greek alphabet.
Zhe (Ж ж; italics: Ж ж) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.
Archaic Cyrillic alphabet, Archaic Cyrillic aphabet, Early Cyrillic, Early Cyrillic Alphabet, Early cyrillic, Early cyrillic alphabet, ISO 15924:Cyrs, Old Cyrillic, Old Cyrillic alphabet, Pre-Petrine Cyrillic alphabet, Pre-Petrine alphabet, ⁖.