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Earwax, also known by the medical term cerumen, is a yellowish waxy substance secreted in the ear canal of humans and other mammals. [1]

114 relations: ABCC11, Accident Compensation Corporation, Active ingredient, Adenine, Ainu people, Alcohol, Alternative medicine, American Academy of Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery, Anthropology, Apocrine sweat gland, Asian people, Aulus Cornelius Celsus, Bacteria, Base pair, Black people, Body odor, Caloric reflex test, Candle, Cartilage, Castoreum, Ceruminous gland, Cholesterol, Classical antiquity, Conductive hearing loss, Cotton swab, Cucumber, Curette, De Medicina, Desiccation, Desquamation, Dizziness, Docusate, Dominance (genetics), Ear canal, Ear candling, Ear pick, Eardrum, East Asia, Epithelium, Escherichia coli, Eskimo, Fatty acid, Food and Drug Administration, Fungus, Gene, Genetics, Glycerol, Grape, Guanine, Haemophilus influenzae, ..., Hearing aid, Hearing loss, Honey, Hydrogen peroxide - urea, Illuminated manuscript, Insect, Jaw, Keratin, Keratinocyte, Laurus nobilis, Laxative, Leek, Lip balm, Lipid, LiveScience, Lysozyme, Mead, Native Americans in the United States, Oil, Oleic acid, Otitis externa, Otomycosis, Otorhinolaryngology, Pain, Peanut oil, Peptide, Perforated eardrum, Perspiration, PH, Pigment, Radish, Rose, Rose oil, Saline (medicine), Salsola soda, Saturated fat, Saturation (chemistry), Scribe, Sebaceous gland, Secretion, Single-nucleotide polymorphism, Skin, Sodium bicarbonate, Sodium carbonate, Sodium nitrate, Sound, Squalene, Staphylococcus aureus, Syringe, Tinnitus, Triethanolamine, Turpentine, Unsaturated fat, Urine, Verdigris, Vertigo, Vinegar, Viscosity, Wax, Whale, White people, Yamato people, Zygosity, 1,2-Dichlorobenzene. Expand index (64 more) »


ATP-binding cassette transporter sub-family C member 11 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the ABCC11 gene.

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Accident Compensation Corporation

The Accident Compensation Corporation (ACC) (Te Kaporeihana Āwhina Hunga Whara) is a New Zealand Crown entity responsible for administering the country's universal no-fault accidental injury scheme.

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Active ingredient

An active ingredient (AI) is the ingredient in a pharmaceutical drug or a pesticide that is biologically active.

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Adenine (A, Ade) is a nucleobase (a purine derivative) with a variety of roles in biochemistry including cellular respiration, in the form of both the energy-rich adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and the cofactors nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) and flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD).

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Ainu people

The Ainu or the Aynu (Ainu アィヌ ''Aynu''; Japanese: アイヌ Ainu; Russian: Айны Ajny), and in historical Japanese texts Ezo/Emishi/Ebisu (蝦夷) or Aino (アイノ) are an indigenous people of Japan (Hokkaido, and formerly northeastern Honshu) and Russia (Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands).

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In chemistry, an alcohol is any organic compound in which the hydroxyl functional group (–OH) is bound to a saturated carbon atom.

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Alternative medicine

Alternative medicine is any practice that is put forward as having the healing effects of medicine, but does not originate from evidence gathered using the scientific method, is not part of biomedicine, or is contradicted by scientific evidence or established science.

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American Academy of Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery

The American Academy of Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery (AAO-HNS), originally started in 1924, is the world's largest organization of nearly 12,000 specialists related to the area of ears, nose, and throat.

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Anthropology is the study of humanity.

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Apocrine sweat gland

An apocrine sweat gland (or, from Greek apo– "away" and krinein "to separate") is a sweat gland composed of a coiled secretory portion located at the junction of the dermis and subcutaneous fat, from which a straight portion inserts and secretes into the infundibular portion of the hair follicle.

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Asian people

Asian people or Asiatic peopleUnited States National Library of Medicine.

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Aulus Cornelius Celsus

Aulus Cornelius Celsus (25 BC 50 AD) was a Roman encyclopaedist, known for his extant medical work, De Medicina, which is believed to be the only surviving section of a much larger encyclopedia.

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Bacteria (singular: bacterium) constitute a large domain of prokaryotic microorganisms.

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Base pair

Base pairs (unit: bp), which form between specific nucleobases (also termed nitrogenous bases), are the building blocks of the DNA double helix and contribute to the folded structure of both DNA and RNA.

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Black people

Black people is a term used in certain countries, often in socially based systems of racial classification or of ethnicity, to describe persons who are perceived to be dark-skinned compared to other given populations.

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Body odor

Body odor (BO), also spelled body odour, is present in animals (including humans), and its intensity can be influenced by many factors (behavioural patterns, survival strategies).

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Caloric reflex test

In medicine, the caloric reflex test (sometimes termed 'vestibular caloric stimulation') is a test of the vestibulo-ocular reflex that involves irrigating cold or warm water or air into the external auditory canal.

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A candle is wax with an ignitable wick embedded that provides light, and in some cases, a fragrance.

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Cartilage is a flexible connective tissue in animals, including the joints between bones, the rib cage, the ear, the nose, the bronchial tubes and the intervertebral discs.

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Castoreum is the exudate from the castor sacs of the mature North American Beaver (Castor canadensis) and the European Beaver (Castor fiber).

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Ceruminous gland

Ceruminous glands are specialized sudoriferous glands (sweat glands) located subcutaneously in the external auditory canal.

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Cholesterol, from the Ancient Greek chole- (bile) and stereos (solid) followed by the chemical suffix -ol for an alcohol, is an organic molecule.

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Classical antiquity

Classical antiquity (also the classical era, classical period or classical age) is a broad term for a long period of cultural history centered on the Mediterranean Sea, comprising the interlocking civilizations of ancient Greece and ancient Rome, collectively known as the Greco-Roman world.

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Conductive hearing loss

Conductive hearing loss occurs when there is a problem conducting sound waves anywhere along the route through the outer ear, tympanic membrane (eardrum), or middle ear (ossicles).

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Cotton swab

Cotton swabs (American) or cotton buds (British) consist of a small wad of cotton wrapped around one or both ends of a short rod, usually made of either wood, rolled paper, or plastic.

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Cucumber (Cucumis sativus) is a widely cultivated plant in the gourd family, Cucurbitaceae.

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A curette is a surgical instrument designed for scraping or debriding biological tissue or debris in a biopsy, excision, or cleaning procedure.

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De Medicina

De Medicina is a 1st-century DC medical treatise by Aulus Cornelius Celsus, a Roman encyclopedist and possibly (but not likely) a practicing physician.

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Desiccation is the state of extreme dryness, or the process of extreme drying.

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Desquamation, also called skin peeling, is the shedding of the outermost membrane or layer of a tissue, such as the skin.

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Dizziness is an impairment in spatial perception and stability.

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Docusate, also known as docusate salts, dioctyl sodium sulfosuccinate, and dioctyle calcium sulfosuccinate among others, is a laxative used to treat constipation.

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Dominance (genetics)

Dominance in genetics is a relationship between alleles of one gene, in which the effect on phenotype of one allele masks the contribution of a second allele at the same locus.

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Ear canal

The ear canal (external auditory meatus, external acoustic meatus, EAM) (meatus acusticus externus), is a tube running from the outer ear to the middle ear.

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Ear candling

Ear candling, also called ear coning or thermal-auricular therapy, is an alternative medicine practice claimed to improve general health and well-being by lighting one end of a hollow candle and placing the other end in the ear canal.

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Ear pick

Ear picks, also called ear scoops, or ear spoons, are a type of curette used to clean the ear canal of earwax (cerumen).

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In human anatomy, the eardrum, or tympanic membrane, is a thin, cone-shaped membrane that separates the external ear from the middle ear in humans and other tetrapods.

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East Asia

East Asia or Eastern Asia is the eastern subregion of the Asian continent, which can be defined in either geographical or cultural "The East Asian cultural sphere evolves when Japan, Korea, and what is today Vietnam all share adapted elements of Chinese civilization of this period (that of the Tang dynasty), in particular Buddhism, Confucian social and political values, and literary Chinese and its writing system." terms.

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Epithelium (''epi-'' + ''thele'' + ''-ium'') is one of the four basic types of animal tissue.

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Escherichia coli

Escherichia coli (also known as E. coli) is a Gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacterium of the genus Escherichia that is commonly found in the lower intestine of warm-blooded organisms (endotherms).

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The Eskimo are the indigenous peoples who have traditionally inhabited the northern circumpolar region from eastern Siberia (Russia), across Alaska (United States), Canada, and Greenland.

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Fatty acid

In chemistry, particularly in biochemistry, a fatty acid is a carboxylic acid with a long aliphatic tail (chain), which is either saturated or unsaturated.

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Food and Drug Administration

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA or USFDA) is a federal agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services, one of the United States federal executive departments.

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A fungus (plural: fungi or funguses) is any member of the group of eukaryotic organisms that includes unicellular microorganisms such as yeasts and molds, as well as multicellular fungi that produce familiar fruiting forms known as mushrooms.

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A gene is a locus (or region) of DNA that encodes a functional RNA or protein product, and is the molecular unit of heredity.

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Genetics is the study of genes, heredity, and genetic variation in living organisms.

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Glycerol (also called glycerine or glycerin; see spelling differences) is a simple polyol (sugar alcohol) compound.

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A grape is a fruiting berry of the deciduous woody vines of the botanical genus Vitis.

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Guanine (G, Gua) is one of the four main nucleobases found in the nucleic acids DNA and RNA, the others being adenine, cytosine, and thymine (uracil in RNA).

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Haemophilus influenzae

Haemophilus influenzae (formerly called Pfeiffer's bacillus or Bacillus influenzae) is a Gram-negative, coccobacillary, facultatively anaerobic bacterium belonging to the Pasteurellaceae family.

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Hearing aid

A hearing aid or deaf aid is an electroacoustic device which is designed to amplify sound for the wearer, usually with the aim of making speech more intelligible, and to correct impaired hearing as measured by audiometry.

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Hearing loss

Hearing loss, also known as hard of hearing, anacusis, or hearing impairment, is a partial or total inability to hear.

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Honey is a sweet food made by bees using nectar from flowers.

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Hydrogen peroxide - urea

Hydrogen peroxide - urea is a solid composed of equal amounts of hydrogen peroxide and urea.

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Illuminated manuscript

An illuminated manuscript is a manuscript in which the text is supplemented with such decoration as initials, borders (marginalia) and miniature illustrations.

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Insects (from Latin insectum, a calque of Greek ἔντομον, "cut into sections") are a class of invertebrates within the arthropod phylum that have a chitinous exoskeleton, a three-part body (head, thorax and abdomen), three pairs of jointed legs, compound eyes and one pair of antennae.

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The jaw is any opposable articulated structure at the entrance of the mouth, typically used for grasping and manipulating food.

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Keratin is a family of fibrous structural proteins.

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A keratinocyte is the predominant cell type in the epidermis, the outermost layer of the skin, constituting 90% of the cells found there.

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Laurus nobilis

Laurus nobilis is an aromatic evergreen tree or large shrub with green, glossy leaves, native to the Mediterranean region.

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Laxatives (purgatives, aperients) are substances that loosen stools and increase bowel movements.

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The leek is a vegetable that belongs, along with onion and garlic, to the genus Allium, currently placed in family Amaryllidaceae, subfamily Allioideae.

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Lip balm

Lip balm or lip salve is a wax-like substance applied topically to the lips of the mouth to moisturize and relieve chapped or dry lips, angular cheilitis, stomatitis, or cold sores.

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Lipids are a group of naturally occurring molecules that include fats, waxes, sterols, fat-soluble vitamins (such as vitamins A, D, E, and K), monoglycerides, diglycerides, triglycerides, phospholipids, and others.

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LiveScience is a science news website run by Purch, which it purchased from Imaginova in 2009.

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Lysozymes, also known as muramidase or N-acetylmuramide glycanhydrolase, are glycoside hydrolases.

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Mead (archaic and dialectal "medd"; from Old English "meodu") is an alcoholic beverage created by fermenting honey with water, sometimes with various fruits, spices, grains, or hops.

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Native Americans in the United States

In the United States, Native Americans are considered to be people whose pre-Columbian ancestors were indigenous to the lands within the nation's modern boundaries.

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An oil is any neutral, nonpolar chemical substance that is a viscous liquid at ambient temperatures and is both hydrophobic (immiscible with water, literally "water fearing") and lipophilic (miscible with other oils, literally "fat loving").

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Oleic acid

Oleic acid is a fatty acid that occurs naturally in various animal and vegetable fats and oils.

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Otitis externa

Otitis externa (also known as external otitis and swimmer's ear) is an inflammation of the outer ear and ear canal.

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Otomycosis (also known as Singapore Ear) is a fungal ear infection, a superficial mycotic infection of the outer ear canal.

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Otorhinolaryngology (Otolaryngology) is the area of medicine that deals with disorders and conditions of the ear, nose, and throat (ENT) region, and related areas of the head and neck.

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Pain can be described as a distressing sensation in a particular part of the body.

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Peanut oil

Peanut oil, also known as groundnut oil or arachis oil, is a mild-tasting vegetable oil derived from peanuts.

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Peptides (from Gr. πεπτός, "digested", derived from πέσσειν, "to digest") are biologically occurring short chains of amino acid monomers linked by peptide (amide) bonds.

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Perforated eardrum

A perforated eardrum or punctured eardrum is a rupture or perforation (hole) of the eardrum which can occur as a result of otitis media (ear infection), trauma (e.g. by trying to clean the ear with sharp instruments), explosion, loud noise or surgery (accidental creation of a rupture).

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Perspiration, also known as sweating or diaphoresis, is the production of fluids secreted by the sweat glands in the skin of mammals.

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In chemistry, pH is a numeric scale used to specify the acidity or alkalinity of an aqueous solution.

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A pigment is a material that changes the color of reflected or transmitted light as the result of wavelength-selective absorption.

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The radish (Raphanus sativus) is an edible root vegetable of the Brassicaceae family that was domesticated in Europe in pre-Roman times.

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A rose is a woody perennial of the genus Rosa, within the family Rosaceae.

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Rose oil

Rose oil (rose otto, attar of rose, attar of roses or rose essence) is the essential oil extracted from the petals of various types of rose.

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Saline (medicine)

In medicine, saline (also saline solution) is a general phrase referring to a sterile solution of sodium chloride (NaCl, more commonly known as table salt) in water, but is only sterile when it is to be placed parenterally (such as intravenously); otherwise, a saline solution is a salt water solution.

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Salsola soda

Salsola soda, more commonly known in English as opposite-leaved saltwort, oppositeleaf Russian thistle, or barilla plant, is a small (to 0.7 m tall), annual, succulent shrub that is native to the Mediterranean Basin.

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Saturated fat

A saturated fat is a fat that consists of triglycerides containing only fatty acids that are saturated.

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Saturation (chemistry)

In chemistry, saturation (from the Latin word saturare, meaning to fill) has diverse meanings, all based on reaching a maximum capacity.

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A scribe is a person who writes books or documents by hand in hieroglyphics, cuneiform or other scripts and may help keep track of records.

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Sebaceous gland

The sebaceous glands are microscopic exocrine glands in the skin that secrete an oily or waxy matter, called sebum, to lubricate and waterproof the skin and hair of mammals.

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Secretion is the process of elaborating, releasing, and oozing chemicals, or a secreted chemical substance from a cell or gland.

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Single-nucleotide polymorphism

A single nucleotide polymorphism, also known as simple nucleotide polymorphism, (SNP, pronounced snip; plural snips) is a DNA sequence variation occurring commonly within a population (e.g. 1%) in which a single nucleotide — A, T, C or G — in the genome (or other shared sequence) differs between members of a biological species or paired chromosomes.

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Skin is the soft outer covering of vertebrates.

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Sodium bicarbonate

Sodium bicarbonateThe prefix "bi" in "bicarbonate" comes from an outdated naming system and is based on the observation that there is two times as much carbonate (CO3) in sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) and other bicarbonates as in sodium carbonate (Na2CO3) and other carbonates.

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Sodium carbonate

Sodium carbonate (also known as washing soda, soda ash and soda crystals), Na2CO3, is the water-soluble sodium salt of carbonic acid.

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Sodium nitrate

Sodium nitrate is the chemical compound with the formula NaNO3.

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In physics, sound is a vibration that propagates as a typically audible mechanical wave of pressure and displacement, through a medium such as air or water.

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Squalene is a natural 30-carbon organic compound originally obtained for commercial purposes primarily from shark liver oil (hence its name), although plant sources (primarily vegetable oils) are now used as well, including amaranth seed, rice bran, wheat germ, and olives.

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Staphylococcus aureus

Staphylococcus aureus is a gram-positive coccal bacterium that is a member of the Firmicutes, and is frequently found in the respiratory tract and on the skin.

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A syringe is a simple pump consisting of a plunger that fits tightly in a tube.

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Tinnitus is the hearing of sound when no external sound is present.

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Triethanolamine, often abbreviated as TEA, is a viscous organic compound that is both a tertiary amine and a triol.

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Chemical structure of pinene, a major component of turpentine Turpentine (also called spirit of turpentine, oil of turpentine, wood turpentine and colloquially turps) is a fluid obtained by the distillation of resin obtained from live trees, mainly pines.

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Unsaturated fat

An unsaturated fat is a fat or fatty acid in which there is at least one double bond within the fatty acid chain.

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Urine (from Latin Urina, ae, f.) is a liquid by-product of the body secreted by the kidneys through a process called urination (or micturition) and excreted through the urethra.

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Verdigris is the common name for a green pigment obtained through the application of acetic acid to copper plates or the natural patina formed when copper, brass or bronze is weathered and exposed to air or seawater over a period of time.

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Vertigo is when a person feels like they are moving when they are not.

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Vinegar is a liquid consisting mainly of acetic acid (CH3COOH) and water.

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The viscosity of a fluid is a measure of its resistance to gradual deformation by shear stress or tensile stress.

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Waxes are a class of chemical compounds that are malleable near ambient temperatures.

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Whale is the common name for a widely distributed and diverse group of fully aquatic marine mammals.

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White people

White people is a racial classification specifier, depending on context used for people of Caucasian ancestry.

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Yamato people

and are names for the dominant native ethnic group of Japan.

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Zygosity is the degree of similarity of the alleles for a trait in an organism.

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1,2-Dichlorobenzene, or orthodichlorobenzene (ODCB), is an organic compound with the formula C6H4Cl2.

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Cerumen, Cerumen aurium, Ear wax, Earwax impaction, Earwax removal, Earwaxes, Impacted wax.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Earwax

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