121 relations: Abass Bundu, Abdou Diouf, Abdoulaye Wade, Abdulsalami Abubakar, Abidjan, Aboubakar Diaby Ouattara, Abuja, Accra, Africa, African Economic Community, Ahmed Sékou Touré, Alassane Ouattara, Alpha Oumar Konaré, Association football, Édouard Benjamin, Beauty pageant, Benin, Blaise Compaoré, BRVM, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Cape Verdean escudo, CEDEAO Cup, Central Africa, CFA franc, Chairman, Common external tariff, Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa, Currency union, Customs declaration, Customs union, Dakar, Dawda Jawara, East African Community, East African Court of Justice, Eco (currency), Economic Community of Central African States, Economic Community of West African States, Economic integration, Economic union, Economy of Africa, ECOWAS military intervention in the Gambia, ECOWAS Policy on Science and Technology (ECOPOST), Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, English language, Euro, Europe, European Court of Human Rights, European Union Institute for Security Studies, Faure Gnassingbé, ..., First Ivorian Civil War, Fixed exchange-rate system, France, French language, French West Africa, Gambian dalasi, Ghana, Ghana Stock Exchange, Ghanaian cedi, Gnassingbé Eyadéma, Goodluck Jonathan, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guinean franc, Headquarters, Ibrahim Babangida, Intergovernmental Authority on Development, Ivory Coast, Jerry Rawlings, John Kufuor, John Mahama, Kadré Désiré Ouedraogo, Lansana Conté, Lansana Kouyaté, Léopold Sédar Senghor, Liberia, Liberian dollar, Macky Sall, Mali, Mamadou Tandja, Mathieu Kérékou, Mauritania, Mohamed Ibn Chambas, Momodu Munu, Morocco, Muhammadu Buhari, Nicéphore Soglo, Niger, Nigeria, Nigerian naira, Nigerian Stock Exchange, Northern Mali conflict, Official language, Olusegun Obasanjo, Peacekeeping, Portuguese Empire, Portuguese language, Rowman & Littlefield, Sani Abacha, Second Liberian Civil War, Self-sustainability, Senegal, Siaka Stevens, Sierra Leone, Sierra Leonean leone, Southern African Development Community, Speaker (politics), The Gambia, Togo, Trade bloc, Treaty of Lagos, Umaru Musa Yar'Adua, United Nations Statistics Division, Victor Gbeho, West Africa, West African CFA franc, World Bank, World Integrated Trade Solution, Yakubu Gowon, 2012 ECOWAS Games, 2012 Guinea-Bissau coup d'état. Expand index (71 more) » « Shrink index
Abass Chernor Bundu (born in Gbinti, Port Loko District) is a Sierra Leonean politician, diplomat, and the current Speaker of the House of Parliament of Sierra Leone, in office since April 25, 2018.
Abdou Diouf (Serer: Abdu Juuf; born September 7, 1935.) is a Senegalese politician who was the second President of Senegal from 1981 to 2000.
Abdoulaye Wade (born 29 May 1926), Encyclopedia of the Nations.
Abdulsalami Abubakar (born June 13, 1942) is a retired Nigerian Army General who was Military Head of State from 9 June 1998 until 29 May 1999.
Abidjan is the economic capital of Côte d'Ivoire and is one of the most populous French-speaking cities in Africa.
Aboubakar Diaby Ouattara is a diplomat from Côte d'Ivoire.
Abuja is the capital city of Nigeria located in the centre of the country within the Federal Capital Territory (FCT).
Accra is the capital and largest city of Ghana, covering an area of with an estimated urban population of 2.27 million.
Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent (behind Asia in both categories).
The African Economic Community (AEC) is an organization of African Union states establishing grounds for mutual economic development among the majority of African states.
Ahmed Sékou Touré (var. Ahmed Sheku Turay) (January 9, 1922 – March 26, 1984) was a Guinean political leader who was elected as the first President of Guinea, serving from 1958 until his death in 1984.
Alassane Dramane Ouattara (born 1 January 1942) is an Ivorian politician who has been President of Ivory Coast (Côte d'Ivoire) since 2010.
Alpha Oumar Konaré (born 2 February 1946) is a former President of Mali for two five-year terms (1992 to 2002), and was Chairperson of the African Union Commission from 2003 to 2008.
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.
Édouard Benjamin (born 1941) is a diplomat from Guinea.
A beauty pageant or beauty contest is a competition that has traditionally focused on judging and ranking the physical attributes of the contestants, although most contests have evolved to also incorporate personality traits, intelligence, talent, and answers to judges' questions as judged criteria.
Benin (Bénin), officially the Republic of Benin (République du Bénin) and formerly Dahomey, is a country in West Africa.
Blaise Compaoré (born 3 February 1951)Profiles of People in Power: The World's Government Leaders (2003), page 76–77.
The Bourse Régionale des Valeurs Mobilières SA ("Regional Securities Exchange SA") or BRVM, is a regional stock exchange serving the following west African countries.
Burkina Faso is a landlocked country in West Africa.
Cape Verde or Cabo Verde (Cabo Verde), officially the Republic of Cabo Verde, is an island country spanning an archipelago of 10 volcanic islands in the central Atlantic Ocean.
The escudo (sign: \mathrm\!\!\!\Vert-->; ISO 4217: CVE) is the currency of the Republic of Cape Verde.
The CEDEAO Cup was an international men's football tournament for nations in the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS; Communauté Economique Des Etats de l'Afrique de l'Ouest, CEDEAO).
Central Africa is the core region of the African continent which includes Burundi, the Central African Republic, Chad, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Rwanda.
The CFA franc (in French: franc CFA, or colloquially franc) is the name of two currencies used in parts of West and Central African countries which are guaranteed by the French treasury.
The chairman (also chairperson, chairwoman or chair) is the highest officer of an organized group such as a board, a committee, or a deliberative assembly.
A common external tariff must be introduced when a group of countries forms a customs union.
The Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) is a free trade area with nineteen member states stretching from Libya to Swaziland.
A currency union (also known as monetary union) involves two or more states sharing the same currency without them necessarily having any further integration (such as an economic and monetary union, which would have, in addition, a customs union and a single market).
A customs declaration is a form required by most countries.
A customs union was defined by the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade as a type of trade bloc which is composed of a free trade area with a common external tariff.
Dakar is the capital and largest city of Senegal.
Sir Dawda Kairaba Jawara, GCMG (born 16 May 1924) is a Gambian politician who was a significant national leader of The Gambia, serving as its Prime Minister from 1962 to 1970, and then as its first President from 1970 to 1994.
The East African Community (EAC) is an intergovernmental organization composed of six countries in the African Great Lakes region in eastern Africa: Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, South Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda.
The East African Court of Justice (EACJ) is a treaty-based judicial body of the East African Community tasked to ensure adherence to law in the interpretation and application of and compliance with the East African Community Treaty of 1999.
The Eco is the proposed name for the common currency that the West African Monetary Zone (WAMZ) plans to introduce in the framework of Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS).
The Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS; Communauté Économique des États de l'Afrique Centrale, CEEAC; Comunidad Económica de los Estados de África Central, CEEAC; Comunidade Económica dos Estados da África Central, CEEAC) is an Economic Community of the African Union for promotion of regional economic co-operation in Central Africa.
The Economic Community of West African States, also known as ECOWAS, is a regional economic union of fifteen countries located in West Africa.
Economic integration is the unification of economic policies between different states through the partial or full abolition of tariff and non-tariff restrictions on trade taking place among them prior to their integration.
An economic union is a type of trade bloc which is composed of a common market with a customs union.
The economy of Africa consists of the trade, industry, agriculture, and human resources of the continent.
The ECOWAS military intervention in the Gambia or the ECOWAS Mission in The Gambia (abbreviated ECOMIG) – code-named Operation Restore Democracy – is an ongoing military intervention in the Gambia by several West African countries.
In 2011, the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) adopted a Policy on Science and Technology (ECOPOST).
Ellen Johnson Sirleaf (born 29 October 1938) is a Liberian politician who served as the 24th President of Liberia from 2006 to 2018.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
The euro (sign: €; code: EUR) is the official currency of the European Union.
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.
The European Court of Human Rights (ECHR or ECtHR; Cour européenne des droits de l’homme) is a supranational or international court established by the European Convention on Human Rights.
The European Union Institute for Security Studies (EUISS) is a Paris-based agency of the European Union.
Faure Essozimna Gnassingbé Eyadéma (born 6 June 1966, Radio Lome.) is a Togolese politician who has been the President of Togo since 2005.
The First Ivorian Civil War was a conflict in the Ivory Coast (also known as Côte d'Ivoire) that began in 2002.
A fixed exchange rate, sometimes called a pegged exchange rate, is a type of exchange rate regime where a currency's value is fixed against either the value of another single currency, to a basket of other currencies, or to another measure of value, such as gold.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.
French West Africa (Afrique occidentale française, AOF) was a federation of eight French colonial territories in Africa: Mauritania, Senegal, French Sudan (now Mali), French Guinea, Ivory Coast, Upper Volta (now Burkina Faso), Dahomey (now Benin) and Niger.
The dalasi is the currency of the Gambia.
Ghana, officially the Republic of Ghana, is a unitary presidential constitutional democracy, located along the Gulf of Guinea and Atlantic Ocean, in the subregion of West Africa.
The Ghana Stock Exchange (GSE) is the principal stock exchange of Ghana.
The Ghanaian cedi (currency sign: GH₵; currency code: GHS) is the unit of currency of Ghana.
Gnassingbé Eyadéma (born Étienne Eyadéma, December 26, 1935 – February 5, 2005) was the President of Togo from 1967 until his death in 2005.
Goodluck Ebele Azikiwe Jonathan (born 20 November 1957)Lawson Heyford,, The Source (Lagos), 11 December 2006.
Guinea, officially the Republic of Guinea (République de Guinée), is a country on the western coast of Africa.
Guinea-Bissau, officially the Republic of Guinea-Bissau (República da Guiné-Bissau), is a sovereign state in West Africa.
The Guinean franc (franc guinéen, ISO 4217 code: GNF) is the currency of Guinea.
Headquarters (commonly referred to as HQ or HD) is/are the locations where most, if not all, of the important functions of an organization are coordinated.
Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida (born 17 August 1941), is a retired Nigerian Army General who was President of Nigeria from 27 August 1985 to 26 August 1993.
The Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) is an eight-country trade bloc in Africa.
Ivory Coast, also known as Côte d'Ivoire and officially as the Republic of Côte d'Ivoire, is a sovereign state located in West Africa.
Jerry John Rawlings (born 22 June 1947) is a former head of state and president of Ghana.
John Kofi Agyekum Kufuor (born 8 December 1938) is a Ghanaian politician who was President of Ghana from 7 January 2001 to 7 January 2009.
John Dramani Mahama (born 29 November 1958) is a Ghanaian politician who served as President of Ghana from 24 July 2012 to 7 January 2017.
Kadré Désiré Ouédraogo (born 1953) is a Burkinabé political figure who was Prime Minister of Burkina Faso from 6 February 1996 to 7 November 2000.
Lansana Conté (30 November 1934 – 22 December 2008, AFP, 23 December 2008.) was the second President of Guinea, serving from 3 April 1984 until his death in December 2008.
Lansana Kouyaté (born 1950) is a Guinean politician and diplomat who served as Prime Minister of Guinea from 2007 to 2008.
Léopold Sédar Senghor (9 October 1906 – 20 December 2001) was a Senegalese poet, politician, and cultural theorist who for two decades served as the first president of Senegal (1960–80).
Liberia, officially the Republic of Liberia, is a country on the West African coast.
The dollar (currency code LRD) has been the currency of Liberia since 1943.
Macky Sall (born 11 December 1961) is a Senegalese politician who has been President of Senegal since April 2012.
Mali, officially the Republic of Mali (République du Mali), is a landlocked country in West Africa, a region geologically identified with the West African Craton.
Lieutenant Colonel (ret.) Mamadou Tandja (born 1938, accessed May 20, 2007.) is a Nigerien politician who was President of Niger from 1999 to 2010.
Mathieu Kérékou (2 September 1933 – 14 October 2015) was a Beninese politician who served as President of Benin from 1972 to 1991 and again from 1996 to 2006.
Mauritania (موريتانيا; Gànnaar; Soninke: Murutaane; Pulaar: Moritani; Mauritanie), officially the Islamic Republic of Mauritania, is a country in the Maghreb region of Northwestern Africa.
Mohamed Ibn Chambas (born 7 December 1950 in Ghana) is a lawyer, diplomat, politician and academic from Ghana who has served as an international civil servant since 2006.
Momodu Munu (born 1938) is a former diplomat from Sierra Leone.
Morocco (officially known as the Kingdom of Morocco, is a unitary sovereign state located in the Maghreb region of North Africa. It is one of the native homelands of the indigenous Berber people. Geographically, Morocco is characterised by a rugged mountainous interior, large tracts of desert and a lengthy coastline along the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea. Morocco has a population of over 33.8 million and an area of. Its capital is Rabat, and the largest city is Casablanca. Other major cities include Marrakesh, Tangier, Salé, Fes, Meknes and Oujda. A historically prominent regional power, Morocco has a history of independence not shared by its neighbours. Since the foundation of the first Moroccan state by Idris I in 788 AD, the country has been ruled by a series of independent dynasties, reaching its zenith under the Almoravid dynasty and Almohad dynasty, spanning parts of Iberia and northwestern Africa. The Marinid and Saadi dynasties continued the struggle against foreign domination, and Morocco remained the only North African country to avoid Ottoman occupation. The Alaouite dynasty, the current ruling dynasty, seized power in 1631. In 1912, Morocco was divided into French and Spanish protectorates, with an international zone in Tangier, and regained its independence in 1956. Moroccan culture is a blend of Berber, Arab, West African and European influences. Morocco claims the non-self-governing territory of Western Sahara, formerly Spanish Sahara, as its Southern Provinces. After Spain agreed to decolonise the territory to Morocco and Mauritania in 1975, a guerrilla war arose with local forces. Mauritania relinquished its claim in 1979, and the war lasted until a cease-fire in 1991. Morocco currently occupies two thirds of the territory, and peace processes have thus far failed to break the political deadlock. Morocco is a constitutional monarchy with an elected parliament. The King of Morocco holds vast executive and legislative powers, especially over the military, foreign policy and religious affairs. Executive power is exercised by the government, while legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of parliament, the Assembly of Representatives and the Assembly of Councillors. The king can issue decrees called dahirs, which have the force of law. He can also dissolve the parliament after consulting the Prime Minister and the president of the constitutional court. Morocco's predominant religion is Islam, and the official languages are Arabic and Berber, with Berber being the native language of Morocco before the Arab conquest in the 600s AD. The Moroccan dialect of Arabic, referred to as Darija, and French are also widely spoken. Morocco is a member of the Arab League, the Union for the Mediterranean and the African Union. It has the fifth largest economy of Africa.
Muhammadu Buhari is the President of Nigeria, in office since 2015.
Nicéphore Dieudonné Soglo (born November 29, 1934) is a Beninese politician who was Prime Minister of Benin from 1990 to 1991 and President from 1991 to 1996.
Niger, also called the Niger officially the Republic of the Niger, is a landlocked country in Western Africa named after the Niger River.
Nigeria, officially the Federal Republic of Nigeria is a federal republic in West Africa, bordering Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger in the north.
The naira (sign: ₦; code: NGN) is the currency of Nigeria.
The Nigerian Stock Exchange (NSE) was established in 1960 as the Lagos Stock Exchange.
The Northern Mali Conflict, Mali Civil War, or Mali War refers to armed conflicts that started from January 2012 between the northern and southern parts of Mali in Africa.
An official language is a language that is given a special legal status in a particular country, state, or other jurisdiction.
Chief Olusegun Mathew Okikiola Aremu Obasanjo, GCFR, Ph.D. (Olúṣẹ́gun Ọbásanjọ́; born 5 May 1937) is a former Nigerian Army general who was President of Nigeria from 1999 to 2007.
Peacekeeping refers to activities intended to create conditions that favour lasting peace.
The Portuguese Empire (Império Português), also known as the Portuguese Overseas (Ultramar Português) or the Portuguese Colonial Empire (Império Colonial Português), was one of the largest and longest-lived empires in world history and the first colonial empire of the Renaissance.
Portuguese (português or, in full, língua portuguesa) is a Western Romance language originating from the regions of Galicia and northern Portugal in the 9th century.
Rowman & Littlefield Publishing Group is an independent publishing house founded in 1949.
Sani Abacha (20 September 1943 – 8 June 1998) was a Nigerian Army officer and politician who served as the ''de facto'' President of Nigeria from 1993 to 1998.
The Second Liberian Civil War began in 1999 when a rebel group backed by the government of neighbouring Guinea, the Liberians United for Reconciliation and Democracy (LURD), emerged in northern Liberia.
Self-sustainability (also called self-sufficiency) is the state of not requiring any aid, support, or interaction for survival; it is a type of personal or collective autonomy.
Senegal (Sénégal), officially the Republic of Senegal, is a country in West Africa.
Siaka Probyn Stevens (24 August 1905 – 29 May 1988) was the leader of Sierra Leone from 1967 to 1985, serving as Prime Minister from 1967 to 1971 and as President from 1971 to 1985.
Sierra Leone, officially the Republic of Sierra Leone, is a country in West Africa.
The leone is the currency of Sierra Leone.
The Southern African Development Community (SADC) is an inter-governmental organization headquartered in Gaborone, Botswana.
The speaker of a deliberative assembly, especially a legislative body, is its presiding officer, or the chair.
Togo, officially the Togolese Republic (République Togolaise), is a sovereign state in West Africa bordered by Ghana to the west, Benin to the east and Burkina Faso to the north.
A trade block is a type of intergovernmental agreement, often part of a regional intergovernmental organization, where barriers to trade (tariffs and others) are reduced or eliminated among the participating states.
The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) was created by the Treaty of Lagos on May 28, 1975, in Lagos, Lagos State, Nigeria.
Umaru Musa Yar'Adua (16 August 19515 May 2010) was the 13th president of the Federal Republic of Nigeria.
The United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD), formerly the United Nations Statistical Office, serves under the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA) as the central mechanism within the Secretariat of the United Nations to supply the statistical needs and coordinating activities of the global statistical system.
James Victor Gbeho (born 12 January 1935, in Keta, Ghana) is a prominent Ghanaian lawyer and diplomat who was President of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) Commission from 2010 to 2012, to which position he was unanimously elected at the 37th Summit of the Authority of Heads of State and Government of the 15 Member States.
West Africa, also called Western Africa and the West of Africa, is the westernmost region of Africa.
The West African CFA franc (franc CFA; franco CFA or simply franc, ISO 4217 code: XOF) is the currency of eight independent states in West Africa: Benin, Burkina Faso, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Mali, Niger, Senegal and Togo.
The World Bank (Banque mondiale) is an international financial institution that provides loans to countries of the world for capital projects.
The is a trade software provided by the World Bank for users to query several international trade databases.
General Yakubu "Jack" Dan-Yumma Gowon (born 19 October 1934) is the former head of state (Head of the Federal Military Government) of Nigeria from 1966 to 1975.
The 2012 ECOWAS Games was the second biennial regional sports meeting of the Economic Community of West African States.
On 12 April 2012, a coup d'état in Guinea-Bissau was staged by elements of the armed forces about two weeks before the second round of a presidential election between Carlos Gomes Júnior and Kumba Ialá.
CEDEAO, Communauté Economique des Etats de l'Afrique de l'Ouest, Communauté économique des Etats de l'Afrique de l'ouest, ECOWAS, ECOWAS Tribunal, Economic Community Of West African States, Economic Community of West African State, Economic Community of Western African States, Economic community of west african states, Ecowas, Executive Secretaries of the Economic Community of West African States, Executive Secretary of the Economic Community of West African States, Executive Secretearies of the Economic Community of West African States, List of Presidents of the Economic Community of West African States Commission, Marcel Alain de Souza, The Economic Community of West African States, Union economique et monetaire ouest-africaine, Union économique et monétaire ouest-africaine, WAEMU, West African Economic Community, West African Economic and Monetary Union, West African Monetary Institute, West African Monetary Union, West African Monetary Zone, West African Monetary and Economic Union.