95 relations: Adelaide of Holland, All Saints' Church, Kings Langley, Angoulême, Anne de Mortimer, Anne Neville, Battle of Agincourt, Belleperche Castle, Blanche of Artois, Brest, France, Bridlington, Brittany, Charles II of Naples, Charles, Count of Valois, Constance of Castile, Duchess of Lancaster, Constance of York, Countess of Gloucester, Crown of Castile, Dictionary of National Biography, Dissolution of the Monasteries, Duke of York, Earl of Cambridge, Edmund Mortimer, 3rd Earl of March, Edmund Mortimer, 5th Earl of March, Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent, Edward I of England, Edward II of England, Edward III of England, Edward IV of England, Edward of Norwich, 2nd Duke of York, Edward the Black Prince, Edward V of England, Eleanor of Castile, Eleanor of Provence, Elizabeth of York, Ferdinand I of Portugal, Ferdinand III of Castile, Fernandine Wars, Henry I of Navarre, Henry III of England, Henry IV of England, Henry V of England, Henry V, Count of Luxembourg, Henry VIII of England, Hertfordshire, House of Lancaster, House of Plantagenet, House of York, Hundred Years' War (1369–89), Ireland, Isabella of Aragon, Queen of France, Isabella of Castile, Duchess of York, ..., Isabella of France, Isabella of Valois, Jean de Wavrin, Joan Holland, Joan I of Navarre, Joan of Valois, Countess of Hainaut, Joan, Countess of Ponthieu, John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset, John Beaumont, 4th Baron Beaumont, John de Warenne, 7th Earl of Surrey, John Hastings, 2nd Earl of Pembroke, John Holland, 1st Duke of Exeter, John I, Count of Hainaut, John II, Count of Holland, John of Gaunt, Justice of Chester, King's Langley Priory, Kings Langley, Kings Langley Palace, Limoges, Lionel of Antwerp, 1st Duke of Clarence, Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports, Lord Warden of the Marches, Malcontent, María de Padilla, Margaret of Bar, Margaret, Countess of Anjou, Mary of Hungary, Queen of Naples, Order of the Garter, Oxford University Press, Peter of Castile, Philip III of France, Philip IV of France, Philippa of Hainault, Philippa of Luxembourg, Richard II (play), Richard II of England, Richard III of England, Richard of Conisburgh, 3rd Earl of Cambridge, Robert de Ashton, Robert de Vere, Duke of Ireland, Wars of the Roses, William I, Count of Hainaut, William Shakespeare, Yorkshire. Expand index (45 more) » « Shrink index
Adelaide of Holland, Countess of Hainaut (Aleide (Aleidis) van Holland; – buried 9 April 1284) was a Dutch regent.
All Saints' Church, Kings Langley is a parish church in the Church of England, located in the village of Kings Langley in Hertfordshire, England.
Angoulême (Poitevin-Saintongeais: Engoulaeme; Engoleime) is a commune, the capital of the Charente department, in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of southwestern France.
Anne de Mortimer, Countess of Cambridge (27 December 1390 – c. 22 September 1411), was the mother of Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York, and the grandmother of King Edward IV and King Richard III.
Anne Neville (11 June 1456 – 16 March 1485) was an English queen, the daughter of Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick (the "Kingmaker").
The Battle of Agincourt (Azincourt) was a major English victory in the Hundred Years' War.
Belleperche was a castle, now destroyed, located in the current town of Bagneux (Allier).
Blanche of Artois (Blanka; 1248 – 2 May 1302) was a member of the Capetian House of Artois who, as queen dowager, held regency over the Kingdom of Navarre and the County of Champagne.
Brest is a city in the Finistère département in Brittany.
Bridlington is a coastal town and civil parish on the Holderness Coast of the North Sea, situated in the unitary authority and ceremonial county of the East Riding of Yorkshire approximately north of Hull.
Brittany (Bretagne; Breizh, pronounced or; Gallo: Bertaèyn, pronounced) is a cultural region in the northwest of France, covering the western part of what was known as Armorica during the period of Roman occupation.
Charles II, also known as Charles the Lame (Charles le Boiteux; Carlo lo Zoppo; 1254 – 5 May 1309), was King of Naples, Count of Provence and Forcalquier (1285–1309), Prince of Achaea (1285–1289), and Count of Anjou and Maine (1285–1290); he also styled himself King of Albania and claimed the Kingdom of Jerusalem from 1285.
Charles of Valois (12 March 1270 – 16 December 1325), the third son of Philip III of France and Isabella of Aragon, was a member of the House of Capet and founder of the House of Valois, whose rule over France would start in 1328.
Constance of Castile (1354 – 24 March 1394) was claimant of the Castilian throne after the death of her father Peter, King of Castile and León, also known as Peter the Cruel.
Constance of York, Countess of Gloucester, (– 28 November 1416) was the only daughter of Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York and his wife Isabella of Castile, daughter of King Peter of Castile and his favourite mistress, María de Padilla.
The Crown of Castile was a medieval state in the Iberian Peninsula that formed in 1230 as a result of the third and definitive union of the crowns and, some decades later, the parliaments of the kingdoms of Castile and León upon the accession of the then Castilian king, Ferdinand III, to the vacant Leonese throne. It continued to exist as a separate entity after the personal union in 1469 of the crowns of Castile and Aragon with the marriage of the Catholic Monarchs up to the promulgation of the Nueva Planta decrees by Philip V in 1715. The Indies, Islands and Mainland of the Ocean Sea were also a part of the Crown of Castile when transformed from lordships to kingdoms of the heirs of Castile in 1506, with the Treaty of Villafáfila, and upon the death of Ferdinand the Catholic. The title of "King of Castile" remained in use by the Habsburg rulers during the 16th and 17th centuries. Charles I was King of Aragon, Majorca, Valencia, and Sicily, and Count of Barcelona, Roussillon and Cerdagne, as well as King of Castile and León, 1516–1556. In the early 18th century, Philip of Bourbon won the War of the Spanish Succession and imposed unification policies over the Crown of Aragon, supporters of their enemies. This unified the Crown of Aragon and the Crown of Castile into the kingdom of Spain. Even though the Nueva Planta decrees did not formally abolish the Crown of Castile, the country of (Castile and Aragon) was called "Spain" by both contemporaries and historians. "King of Castile" also remains part of the full title of Felipe VI of Spain, the current King of Spain according to the Spanish constitution of 1978, in the sense of titles, not of states.
The Dictionary of National Biography (DNB) is a standard work of reference on notable figures from British history, published from 1885.
The Dissolution of the Monasteries, sometimes referred to as the Suppression of the Monasteries, was the set of administrative and legal processes between 1536 and 1541 by which Henry VIII disbanded monasteries, priories, convents and friaries in England and Wales and Ireland, appropriated their income, disposed of their assets, and provided for their former personnel and functions.
The Duke of York is a title of nobility in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
The title of Earl of Cambridge was created several times in the Peerage of England, and since 1362 the title has been closely associated with the Royal family (see also Duke of Cambridge, Marquess of Cambridge).
Edmund de Mortimer, 3rd Earl of March and jure uxoris Earl of Ulster (1 February 1352 – 27 December 1381) was son of Roger Mortimer, 2nd Earl of March, by his wife Philippa, daughter of William Montagu, 1st Earl of Salisbury and Catherine Grandison.
Edmund de Mortimer, 5th Earl of March and 7th Earl of Ulster (6 November 1391 – 18 January 1425) was an English nobleman.
Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent (5 August 1301 – 19 March 1330) was the sixth son of Edward I of England, and a younger half-brother of Edward II.
Edward I (17/18 June 1239 – 7 July 1307), also known as Edward Longshanks and the Hammer of the Scots (Malleus Scotorum), was King of England from 1272 to 1307.
Edward II (25 April 1284 – 21 September 1327), also called Edward of Carnarvon, was King of England from 1307 until he was deposed in January 1327.
Edward III (13 November 1312 – 21 June 1377) was King of England and Lord of Ireland from January 1327 until his death; he is noted for his military success and for restoring royal authority after the disastrous and unorthodox reign of his father, Edward II.
Edward IV (28 April 1442 – 9 April 1483) was the King of England from 4 March 1461 to 3 October 1470, and again from 11 April 1471 until his death.
Edward of Norwich, 2nd Duke of York, KG (– 25 October 1415) was an English nobleman and magnate, the eldest son of Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York, by his first wife Isabella of Castile, and a grandson of King Edward III of England.
Edward of Woodstock, known as the Black Prince (15 June 1330 – 8 June 1376), was the eldest son of Edward III, King of England, and Philippa of Hainault and participated in the early years of the Hundred Years War.
Edward V (2 November 1470 –)R.
Eleanor of Castile (1241 – 28 November 1290) was an English queen, the first wife of Edward I, whom she married as part of a political deal to affirm English sovereignty over Gascony.
Eleanor of Provence (c. 1223 – 24/25 June 1291Charles Cawley, Medieval Lands, Provence) was Queen consort of England, as the spouse of King Henry III of England, from 1236 until his death in 1272.
Elizabeth of York (11 February 1466 – 11 February 1503) was the wife of Henry VII and the first Tudor queen.
Dom Ferdinand I (Portuguese: Fernando; 31 October 1345 – 22 October 1383), sometimes called the Handsome (o Formoso or o Belo) or occasionally the Inconstant (o Inconstante), was the King of the Kingdom of Portugal from 1367 until his death in 1383.
Ferdinand III (Spanish: Fernando III), 1199/1201 – 30 May 1252, called the Saint (el Santo), was King of Castile from 1217 and King of León from 1230 as well as King of Galicia from 1231.
The Fernandine Wars (from Spanish and Portuguese Guerras Fernandinas) were a series of three conflicts (1369–70, 1372–73, 1381–82) between the Kingdom of Portugal under King Ferdinand I and the Crown of Castile under King Henry II.
Henry the Fat (Basque: Henrike I.a, Gizena, French: Henri le Gros, Spanish: Enrique el Gordo) (c. 1244 – 22 July 1274) was King of Navarre (as Henry I) and Count of Champagne and Brie (as Henry III) from 1270 until his death.
Henry III (1 October 1207 – 16 November 1272), also known as Henry of Winchester, was King of England, Lord of Ireland, and Duke of Aquitaine from 1216 until his death.
Henry IV (15 April 1367 – 20 March 1413), also known as Henry Bolingbroke, was King of England and Lord of Ireland from 1399 to 1413, and asserted the claim of his grandfather, Edward III, to the Kingdom of France.
Henry V (9 August 1386 – 31 August 1422) was King of England from 1413 until his death at the age of 36 in 1422.
Henry V the Blondell (1216 – 24 December 1281), called the Great, was the count of Arlon from 1226 to his death, lord of Ligny from 1240 to his death, count of Luxembourg and Laroche from 1247 to his death, and the count of Namur between 1256 and 1264 as Henry III.
Henry VIII (28 June 1491 – 28 January 1547) was King of England from 1509 until his death.
Hertfordshire (often abbreviated Herts) is a county in southern England, bordered by Bedfordshire to the north, Cambridgeshire to the north-east, Essex to the east, Buckinghamshire to the west and Greater London to the south.
The House of Lancaster was the name of two cadet branches of the royal House of Plantagenet.
The House of Plantagenet was a royal house which originated from the lands of Anjou in France.
The House of York was a cadet branch of the English royal House of Plantagenet.
The Caroline War was the second phase of the Hundred Years' War between France and England, following the Edwardian War.
Ireland (Éire; Ulster-Scots: Airlann) is an island in the North Atlantic.
Isabella of Aragon (1248 – 28 January 1271) was Queen consort of France from 1270 to 1271 by marriage to Philip III of France.
Isabella of Castile, Duchess of York (1355 – 23 December 1392) was the daughter of King Peter and his mistress María de Padilla (d. 1361).
Isabella of France (1295 – 22 August 1358), sometimes described as the She-Wolf of France, was Queen of England as the wife of Edward II, and regent of England from 1326 until 1330.
Isabella of France (9 November 1389 – 13 September 1409) was Queen consort of England as the second spouse of King Richard II.
Jehan (or Jean) de Waurin (or Wavrin), lord of Le Forestier (c. 1398 – c. 1474) was a Burgundian soldier, politician, chronicler and compiler, also a bibliophile.
Lady Joan Holland (ca. 1380–12 April 1434) was the third daughter of Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl of Kent, and Lady Alice FitzAlan.
Joan I of Navarre (14 January 1273 – 31 March/2 April 1305) (Basque: Joana I.a Nafarroakoa) was queen regnant of Navarre and ruling countess of Champagne from 1274 until 1305; she was also queen consort of France by marriage to Philip IV of France.
Joan of Valois (c. 1294 – 7 March 1342) was the second eldest daughter of the French prince Charles of Valois and his first wife, Margaret, Countess of Anjou.
Joan of Dammartin (Jeanne de Dammartin; c. 1220 – 16 March 1279) was Queen consort of Castile and León by marriage to Ferdinand III of Castile.
John Beaufort, 1st Marquess of Somerset and 1st Marquess of Dorset, later only 1st Earl of Somerset, KG (c. 1373 – 16 March 1410) was an English nobleman and politician.
John Beaumont, 4th Baron Beaumont KG (1361–1396) was an English military commander and Admiral who served in the Hundred Years' War against the partisans of Pope Clement VII.
John de Warenne (30 June 1286 – June 1347), 7th Earl of Surrey or Warenne, was the last Warenne earl of Surrey.
John Hastings, 2nd Earl of Pembroke, KG (1347 – 1375), was a fourteenth-century English nobleman and soldier.
John Holland, 1st Duke of Exeter KG (c. 1352 – 16 January 1400) also 1st Earl of Huntingdon, was an English nobleman, a half-brother of King Richard II (1377–1399), to whom he remained strongly loyal.
John of Avesnes (1 May 1218 – 24 December 1257) was the count of Hainaut from 1246 to his death.
John II of Avesnes (1247 – 22 August 1304) was Count of Hainaut, Holland, and Zeeland.
John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster, KG (6 March 1340 – 3 February 1399) was an English nobleman, soldier, statesman, and prince, the third of five surviving sons of King Edward III of England.
The Justice of Chester was the chief judicial authority for the county palatine of Chester, from the establishment of the county until the abolition of the Great Sessions in Wales and the palatine judicature in 1830.
King's Langley Priory was a Dominican priory in Kings Langley, Hertfordshire, England.
Kings Langley is a historic village and civil parish in Hertfordshire, England, northwest of central London to the south of the Chiltern Hills and now part of the London commuter belt.
Kings Langley Palace was a 13th-century Royal Palace which was located to the west of the Hertfordshire village of Kings Langley in England.
Limoges (Occitan: Lemòtges or Limòtges) is a city and commune, the capital of the Haute-Vienne department and was the administrative capital of the former Limousin region in west-central France.
Lionel of Antwerp, 1st Duke of Clarence, KG (29 November 133817 October 1368) was the third son, but the second son to survive infancy, of the English king Edward III and Philippa of Hainault.
The Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports is a ceremonial official in the United Kingdom.
The Lord Warden of the Marches was an office in the governments of Scotland and England.
The malcontent is a character type that often appeared in early modern drama.
María de Padilla (1334 –Seville, July 1361) was the mistress of King Peter of Castile.
Margaret of Bar (1220–1275) was a daughter of Henry II of Bar and his wife Philippa of Dreux.
Margaret, Countess of Anjou (1272 – 31 December 1299) was Countess of Anjou and Maine in her own right and Countess of Valois, Alençon, Chartres and Perche by marriage.
Mary of Hungary (c. 1257 – 25 March 1323), of the Árpád dynasty, was Queen consort of the Kingdom of Naples.
The Order of the Garter (formally the Most Noble Order of the Garter) is an order of chivalry founded by Edward III in 1348 and regarded as the most prestigious British order of chivalry (though in precedence inferior to the military Victoria Cross and George Cross) in England and the United Kingdom.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
Peter (Pedro; 30 August 133423 March 1369), called the Cruel (el Cruel) or the Just (el Justo), was the king of Castile and León from 1350 to 1369.
Philip III (30 April 1245 – 5 October 1285), called the Bold (le Hardi), was King of France from 1270 to 1285, a member of the House of Capet.
Philip IV (April–June 1268 – 29 November 1314), called the Fair (Philippe le Bel) or the Iron King (le Roi de fer), was King of France from 1285 until his death.
Philippa of Hainault (Middle French: Philippe de Hainaut; 24 June c.1310/15 – 15 August 1369) was Queen of England as the wife of King Edward III.
Philippa of Luxembourg (1252 – 6 April 1311) was the daughter of Count Henry V of Luxembourg and his wife, Marguerite of Bar.
King Richard the Second is a history play by William Shakespeare believed to have been written in approximately 1595.
Richard II (6 January 1367 – c. 14 February 1400), also known as Richard of Bordeaux, was King of England from 1377 until he was deposed in 1399.
Richard III (2 October 1452 – 22 August 1485) was King of England from 1483 until his death at the Battle of Bosworth Field.
Richard of Conisburgh, 3rd Earl of Cambridge (c. 20 July 1375 – 5 August 1415) was the second son of Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York, and Isabella of Castile.
Sir Robert de Ashton, also called "Robert Assheton" or "Robert de Assheton" (died 1385), was a civil, military, and naval officer under Edward III of England who achieved distinction alike in court and camp, by land and by sea.
Robert de Vere, Duke of Ireland, Marquess of Dublin, and 9th Earl of Oxford KG (16 January 1362 – 22 November 1392) was a favourite and court companion of King Richard II of England.
The Wars of the Roses were a series of English civil wars for control of the throne of England fought between supporters of two rival branches of the royal House of Plantagenet: the House of Lancaster, associated with a red rose, and the House of York, whose symbol was a white rose.
William I, Count of Hainaut (– 7 June 1337), was Count William III of Avesnes, Count William III of Holland and Count William II of Zeeland from 1304 to his death.
William Shakespeare (26 April 1564 (baptised)—23 April 1616) was an English poet, playwright and actor, widely regarded as both the greatest writer in the English language, and the world's pre-eminent dramatist.
Yorkshire (abbreviated Yorks), formally known as the County of York, is a historic county of Northern England and the largest in the United Kingdom.