196 relations: Abe Masahiro, Adam Laxman, Administration (government), Agrarian society, Anti-Western sentiment, Artificial island, Automaton, Azuchi–Momoyama period, Ōshio Heihachirō, Bakumatsu, Barbarian, Battle of Sekigahara, Black Ships, Bombardment of Kagoshima, Boshin War, Buddhism, Bunraku, Burakumin, Bureaucracy, Bureaucrat, Castle town, Catholic Church, Centralisation, Chōnin, Chōnindō, Chōshū Domain, Chikamatsu Monzaemon, Christian, Confucianism, Convention of Kanagawa, Criminal punishment in Edo-period Japan, Daimyō, Dejima, Diplomacy, Dutch East India Company, Dutch people, Edo, Edomoji, Edwin O. Reischauer, Ee ja nai ka, Emperor Kōkaku, Emperor Kōmei, Emperor Meiji, Emperor Ninkō, Emperor of Japan, Empire of Japan, Enomoto Takeaki, Ethnic groups in Europe, Ezo, Fall of Edo, ..., Felice Beato, Feudalism, First Opium War, Forest management, Forestry, Forward contract, Four occupations, Fudai daimyō, Futures contract, Galleon, Geisha, Gonin Gumi, Government, Great fire of Meireki, Guild, Han system, Handicraft, Hasekura Tsunenaga, Hatamoto, Hōei eruption of Mount Fuji, Hiroshige, History of Japan, Hokkaido, Hokusai, Hotta Masayoshi, Humanism, Imperial House of Japan, Inheritance, Isolationism, Izu Peninsula, James Biddle, Japan, Japanese castle, Japanese clock, Japanese frigate Kaiyō Maru, Japonism, Jōkamachi, Jidaigeki, Jitte, Joseon, Jules Brunet, Kabuki, Kaitai Shinsho, Kakure Kirishitan, Kamakura shogunate, Kami, Kantō region, Karafuto Prefecture, Karakuri puppet, Keichō, Kojiki, Koku, Kokugaku, Korea, Kuge, Kuril Islands, Kyoto, Kyushu, Loan, Man'yōshū, Matsudaira Sadanobu, Matsuo Bashō, Matthew C. Perry, Meiji Restoration, Military, Motoori Norinaga, Nagasaki, Nanban trade, National security, Natural disaster, Naval fleet, Navy, Neo-Confucianism, Nihon Shoki, Nikolai Rezanov, Nishiki-e, Oda Nobunaga, Odaiba, Osaka, Osaka Castle, Oxford University Press, Penguin Books, Photochrom, Princeton University Press, Rangaku, Rationalism, Rebellion, Red seal ships, Republic of Ezo, Revolution, Rice, Rice broker, Routledge, Rule of law, Ryukyu Islands, Sakhalin, Sakoku, Sakoku Edict of 1635, Samurai, San Juan Bautista (ship), Sankin-kōtai, Satsuma Domain, Shōgun, Shibaraku, Shimabara Rebellion, Shimoda, Shizuoka, Shimonoseki, Shinpan (daimyo), Shinto, Silviculture, Social order, Sonnō jōi, Stanford University Press, Sugita Genpaku, Suzuki Harunobu, Tenpō, Tenpō Reforms, Tokugawa Hidetada, Tokugawa Iemitsu, Tokugawa Ieyasu, Tokugawa Nariaki, Tokugawa shogunate, Tokugawa Yoshinobu, Tokyo, Tokyo Bay, Tokyo Imperial Palace, Ton, Torii Kiyonaga, Toyotomi clan, Toyotomi Hideyoshi, Tozama daimyō, Tuttle Publishing, Ukiyo, Ukiyo-e, United States Navy, University of Hawaii Press, Urbanization, Utamaro, Vassal, Warship, Whaler, Yamada Nagamasa, Yūkaku, Yokosuka, Kanagawa, Yoshida Shōin, Zero population growth. Expand index (146 more) » « Shrink index
was the chief senior councillor (rōjū) in the Tokugawa shogunate of Bakumatsu period Japan at the time of the arrival of Commodore Matthew Perry on his mission to open Japan to the outside world.
Adam Kirillovich (Erikovich) Laxman (Адам Кириллович (Эрикович) Лаксман) (1766 – 1806?) was a Finnish–Swedish military officer and one of the first subjects of Imperial Russia to set foot in Japan.
The term administration, as used in the context of government, differs according to jurisdiction.
An agrarian society (or agricultural society) is any society whose economy is based on producing and maintaining crops and farmland.
Anti-Western sentiment, also known as Anti-Atlanticism refers to broad opposition or hostility to the people, culture, values, or policies of the Western World.
An artificial island or man-made island is an island that has been constructed by people rather than formed by natural means.
An automaton (plural: automata or automatons) is a self-operating machine, or a machine or control mechanism designed to automatically follow a predetermined sequence of operations, or respond to predetermined instructions.
The is the final phase of the in Japan.
was a former yoriki and a Neo-Confucianist scholar of the Wang Yangming (陽明学, youmeigaku) school in Osaka.
refers to the final years of the Edo period when the Tokugawa shogunate ended.
A barbarian is a human who is perceived to be either uncivilized or primitive.
The was a decisive battle on October 21, 1600 (Keichō 5, 15th day of the 9th month), that preceded the establishment of the Tokugawa shogunate.
The Black Ships (in 黒船, kurofune, Edo-period term) was the name given to Western vessels arriving in Japan in the 16th and 19th centuries.
The Bombardment of Kagoshima, also known as the, took place on 15–17 August 1863 during the Late Tokugawa shogunate.
The, sometimes known as the Japanese Revolution, was a civil war in Japan, fought from 1868 to 1869 between forces of the ruling Tokugawa shogunate and those seeking to return political power to the Imperial Court.
Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.
, also known as Ningyō jōruri (人形浄瑠璃), is a form of traditional Japanese puppet theatre, founded in Osaka in the beginning of 17th century.
is an outcaste group at the bottom of the Japanese social order that has historically been the victim of severe discrimination and ostracism.
Bureaucracy refers to both a body of non-elective government officials and an administrative policy-making group.
A bureaucrat is a member of a bureaucracy and can compose the administration of any organization of any size, although the term usually connotes someone within an institution of government.
A castle town is a settlement built adjacent to or surrounding a castle.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
Centralisation (British), or centralization (both British and American), is the process by which the activities of an organization, particularly those regarding planning and decision-making, become concentrated within a particular location or group, keeping all of the important decision-making powers within the head office or the centre of the organisation.
was a social class that emerged in Japan during the early years of the Tokugawa period.
emerged as a way of life of the during the Edo period of Japanese history.
The was a feudal domain of Japan during the Edo period (1603–1867).
was a Japanese dramatist of jōruri, the form of puppet theater that later came to be known as bunraku, and the live-actor drama, kabuki.
A Christian is a person who follows or adheres to Christianity, an Abrahamic, monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ.
Confucianism, also known as Ruism, is described as tradition, a philosophy, a religion, a humanistic or rationalistic religion, a way of governing, or simply a way of life.
On March 31, 1854, the or was the first treaty between the United States and the Tokugawa shogunate.
During the Edo period, Japan used various punishments against criminals.
The were powerful Japanese feudal lords who, until their decline in the early Meiji period, ruled most of Japan from their vast, hereditary land holdings.
, in old Western documents Latinised as Deshima, Decima, Desjima, Dezima, Disma, or Disima, was a Dutch trading post notable for being the single place of direct trade and exchange between Japan and the outside world during the Edo period. It was a small fan-shaped artificial island formed by digging a canal through a small peninsula in the bay of Nagasaki in 1634 by local merchants. Dejima was built to constrain foreign traders. Originally built to house Portuguese traders, it was used by the Dutch as a trading post from 1641 until 1853. Covering an area of or, it was later integrated into the city through the process of land reclamation. In 1922, the "Dejima Dutch Trading Post" was designated a Japanese national historic site.
Diplomacy is the art and practice of conducting negotiations between representatives of states.
The United East India Company, sometimes known as the United East Indies Company (Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie; or Verenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie in modern spelling; abbreviated to VOC), better known to the English-speaking world as the Dutch East India Company or sometimes as the Dutch East Indies Company, was a multinational corporation that was founded in 1602 from a government-backed consolidation of several rival Dutch trading companies.
The Dutch (Dutch), occasionally referred to as Netherlanders—a term that is cognate to the Dutch word for Dutch people, "Nederlanders"—are a Germanic ethnic group native to the Netherlands.
, also romanized as Jedo, Yedo or Yeddo, is the former name of Tokyo.
are Japanese lettering styles, which were invented for advertising in the Edo period.
Edwin Oldfather Reischauer (October 15, 1910 – September 1, 1990) was an American educator and professor at Harvard University.
was a complex of carnivalesque religious celebrations and communal activities, often understood as social/political protests, which occurred in many parts of Japan from June 1867 to May 1868, at the end of the Edo period and the start of the Meiji Restoration.
was the 119th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.
was the 121st emperor of Japan,Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō): according to the traditional order of succession.
, or, was the 122nd Emperor of Japan according to the traditional order of succession, reigning from February 3, 1867 until his death on July 29, 1912.
was the 120th emperor of Japan,Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō): according to the traditional order of succession.
The Emperor of Japan is the head of the Imperial Family and the head of state of Japan.
The was the historical nation-state and great power that existed from the Meiji Restoration in 1868 to the enactment of the 1947 constitution of modern Japan.
Viscount was a Japanese samurai and admiral of the Tokugawa navy of Bakumatsu-period Japan, who remained faithful to the Tokugawa shogunate and fought against the new Meiji government until the end of the Boshin War.
The Indigenous peoples of Europe are the focus of European ethnology, the field of anthropology related to the various indigenous groups that reside in the nations of Europe.
is a Japanese name which historically referred to the lands to the north of the Japanese island of Honshu.
The took place in May and July 1868, when the Japanese capital of Edo (modern Tokyo), controlled by the Tokugawa shogunate, fell to forces favorable to the restoration of Emperor Meiji during the Boshin War.
Felice Beato (1832 – 29 January 1909), also known as Felix Beato, was an Italian–British photographer.
Feudalism was a combination of legal and military customs in medieval Europe that flourished between the 9th and 15th centuries.
The First Opium War (第一次鴉片戰爭), also known as the Opium War or the Anglo-Chinese War, was a series of military engagements fought between the United Kingdom and the Qing dynasty of China over their conflicting viewpoints on diplomatic relations, trade, and the administration of justice in China.
Forest management is a branch of forestry concerned with overall administrative, economic, legal, and social aspects, as well as scientific and technical aspects, such as silviculture, protection, and forest regulation.
Forestry is the science and craft of creating, managing, using, conserving, and repairing forests, woodlands, and associated resources to meet desired goals, needs, and values for human and environment benefits.
In finance, a forward contract or simply a forward is a non-standardized contract between two parties to buy or to sell an asset at a specified future time at a price agreed upon today, making it a type of derivative instrument.
The four occupations or "four categories of the people"Hansson, pp.
was a class of daimyōs who were hereditary vassals of the Tokugawa in Edo-period Japan.
In finance, a futures contract (more colloquially, futures) is a standardized forward contract, a legal agreement to buy or sell something at a predetermined price at a specified time in the future.
Galleons were large, multi-decked sailing ships first used by the Spanish as armed cargo carriers and later adopted by European states from the 16th to 18th centuries during the age of sail and were the principal fleet units drafted for use as warships until the Anglo-Dutch Wars of the mid-1600s.
(),, or are Japanese women who study the ancient tradition of art, dance and singing, and are distinctively characterized by traditional costumes and makeup.
The were groups of five households that were held collectively responsible, in a manner similar to the frith-borh in England, during the Edo period of Japanese history.
A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, often a state.
The, also known as the Furisode Fire, destroyed 60–70% of the Japanese capital city of Edo (now Tokyo) on March 2, 1657, the third year of the Meireki Imperial era.
A guild is an association of artisans or merchants who oversee the practice of their craft/trade in a particular area.
The or domain is the Japanese historical term for the estate of a warrior after the 12th century or of a daimyō in the Edo period (1603–1868) and early Meiji period (1868–1912).
A handicraft, sometimes more precisely expressed as artisanal handicraft or handmade, is any of a wide variety of types of work where useful and decorative objects are made completely by hand or by using only simple tools.
Hasekura Rokuemon Tsunenaga (or "Philip Francis Faxicura", baptized as "Francisco Felipe Faxicura", in Spain) (1571–1622) (支倉六右衛門常長, also spelled Faxecura Rocuyemon in period European sources, reflecting the contemporary pronunciation of Japanese) was a Japanese samurai and retainer of Date Masamune, the daimyō of Sendai of Japanese imperial descent with ancestral ties to Emperor Kanmu.
A was a samurai in the direct service of the Tokugawa shogunate of feudal Japan.
The started on 16 December 1707 (23rd day of the 11th month of the year Hōei 4) and ended about 1 January 1708 (9th day of the 12th month of the year Hōei 4) during the Edo period.
Utagawa Hiroshige (歌川 広重), also Andō Hiroshige (安藤 広重; 1797 – 12 October 1858), was a Japanese ukiyo-e artist, considered the last great master of that tradition.
The first human habitation in the Japanese archipelago has been traced to prehistoric times.
(), formerly known as Ezo, Yezo, Yeso, or Yesso, is the second largest island of Japan, and the largest and northernmost prefecture.
was a Japanese artist, ukiyo-e painter and printmaker of the Edo period.
was the 5th Hotta daimyō of the Sakura Domain in the Japanese Edo period, who served as chief rōjū in the Bakumatsu period Tokugawa shogunate, where he played an important role in the negotiations of the Ansei Treaties with various foreign powers.
Humanism is a philosophical and ethical stance that emphasizes the value and agency of human beings, individually and collectively, and generally prefers critical thinking and evidence (rationalism and empiricism) over acceptance of dogma or superstition.
The, also referred to as the Imperial Family and the Yamato Dynasty, comprises those members of the extended family of the reigning Emperor of Japan who undertake official and public duties.
Inheritance is the practice of passing on property, titles, debts, rights, and obligations upon the death of an individual.
Isolationism is a category of foreign policies institutionalized by leaders who assert that their nations' best interests are best served by keeping the affairs of other countries at a distance.
The is a large mountainous peninsula with deeply indented coasts to the west of Tokyo on the Pacific coast of the island of Honshū, Japan.
James Biddle (February 18, 1783 – October 1, 1848), of the Biddle family, brother of financier Nicholas Biddle and nephew of Captain Nicholas Biddle, was an American commodore.
Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.
were fortresses constructed primarily of wood and stone.
A is a mechanical clock that has been made to tell traditional Japanese time.
was one of Japan's first modern warships, a frigate powered by both sails and steam.
First described by French art critic and collector Philippe Burty in 1872, Japonism, from the French Japonisme, is the study of Japanese art and artistic talent.
The term refers to a type of urban structures in Japan in which the city surrounds a feudal lord’s castle.
is a genre of film, television, video game, and theatre in Japan.
A is a specialized weapon that was used by police in Edo period Japan.
The Joseon dynasty (also transcribed as Chosŏn or Chosun, 조선; officially the Kingdom of Great Joseon, 대조선국) was a Korean dynastic kingdom that lasted for approximately five centuries.
Jules Brunet (2 January 1838 – 12 August 1911) was a French Army officer who played a famous role in the Japanese Boshin War.
is a classical Japanese dance-drama.
is a medical text translated into Japanese during the Edo period.
Kakure Kirishitan is a modern term for a member of the Japanese Catholic Church during the Edo period that went underground after the Shimabara Rebellion in the 1630s.
The Kamakura shogunate (Japanese: 鎌倉幕府, Kamakura bakufu) was a Japanese feudal military governmentNussbaum, Louis-Frédéric.
are the spirits or phenomena that are worshipped in the religion of Shinto.
The is a geographical area of Honshu, the largest island of Japan.
, commonly called South Sakhalin, was the Japanese administrative division corresponding to Japanese territory on southern Sakhalin island from 1905 to 1945.
are traditional Japanese mechanized puppets or automata, originally made from the 17th century to 19th century.
was a after Bunroku and before Genna.
, also sometimes read as Furukotofumi, is the oldest extant chronicle in Japan, dating from the early 8th century (711–712) and composed by Ō no Yasumaro at the request of Empress Genmei with the purpose of sanctifying the imperial court's claims to supremacy over rival clans.
The is a Japanese unit of volume, equal to ten cubic shaku.
Kokugaku (kyūjitai: 國學/shinjitai: 国学; literally national study) was an academic movement, a school of Japanese philology and philosophy originating during the Tokugawa period.
Korea is a region in East Asia; since 1945 it has been divided into two distinctive sovereign states: North Korea and South Korea.
The was a Japanese aristocratic class that dominated the Japanese imperial court in Kyoto.
The Kuril Islands or Kurile Islands (or; p or r; Japanese: or), in Russia's Sakhalin Oblast region, form a volcanic archipelago that stretches approximately northeast from Hokkaido, Japan, to Kamchatka, Russia, separating the Sea of Okhotsk from the north Pacific Ocean.
, officially, is the capital city of Kyoto Prefecture, located in the Kansai region of Japan.
is the third largest island of Japan and most southwesterly of its four main islands.
In finance, a loan is the lending of money by one or more individuals, organizations, and/or other entities to other individuals, organizations etc.
The is the oldest existing collection of Japanese poetry, compiled sometime after AD 759 during the Nara period.
Japanese daimyō of the mid-Edo period, famous for his financial reforms which saved the Shirakawa Domain, and the similar reforms he undertook during his tenure as chief of the Tokugawa shogunate, from 1787 to 1793.
, born 松尾 金作, then, was the most famous poet of the Edo period in Japan.
Matthew Calbraith Perry (April 10, 1794 – March 4, 1858) was a Commodore of the United States Navy who commanded ships in several wars, including the War of 1812 and the Mexican–American War (1846–48).
The, also known as the Meiji Ishin, Renovation, Revolution, Reform, or Renewal, was an event that restored practical imperial rule to the Empire of Japan in 1868 under Emperor Meiji.
A military or armed force is a professional organization formally authorized by a sovereign state to use lethal or deadly force and weapons to support the interests of the state.
was a Japanese scholar of Kokugaku active during the Edo period.
() is the capital and the largest city of Nagasaki Prefecture on the island of Kyushu in Japan.
The or the in the history of Japan extends from the arrival of the first Europeans – Portuguese explorers, missionaries and merchants – to Japan in 1543, to their near-total exclusion from the archipelago in 1614, under the promulgation of the "Sakoku" Seclusion Edicts.
National security refers to the security of a nation state, including its citizens, economy, and institutions, and is regarded as a duty of government.
A natural disaster is a major adverse event resulting from natural processes of the Earth; examples include floods, hurricanes, tornadoes, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, tsunamis, and other geologic processes.
A fleet or naval fleet is a large formation of warships, which is controlled by one leader and the largest formation in any navy.
A navy or maritime force is the branch of a nation's armed forces principally designated for naval and amphibious warfare; namely, lake-borne, riverine, littoral, or ocean-borne combat operations and related functions.
Neo-Confucianism (often shortened to lixue 理學) is a moral, ethical, and metaphysical Chinese philosophy influenced by Confucianism, and originated with Han Yu and Li Ao (772–841) in the Tang Dynasty, and became prominent during the Song and Ming dynasties.
The, sometimes translated as The Chronicles of Japan, is the second-oldest book of classical Japanese history.
Nikolai Petrovich Rezanov (Николай Петрович Резанов) (&ndash) was a Russian nobleman and statesman who promoted the project of Russian colonization of Alaska and California to three successive Tsars—Catherine the Great, Paul, and Aleksander I. Aleksander I commissioned him as Russian ambassador to Japan (1804) to conclude a commercial treaty.
is a type of Japanese multi-coloured woodblock printing; the technique is used primarily in ukiyo-e. It was invented in the 1760s, and perfected and popularized by the printmaker Suzuki Harunobu, who produced many nishiki-e prints between 1765 and his death five years later.
was a powerful daimyō (feudal lord) of Japan in the late 16th century who attempted to unify Japan during the late Sengoku period, and successfully gained control over most of Honshu.
is a large artificial island in Tokyo Bay, Japan, across the Rainbow Bridge from central Tokyo.
() is a designated city in the Kansai region of Japan.
is a Japanese castle in Chūō-ku, Osaka, Japan.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
Penguin Books is a British publishing house.
Photochrom (Fotochrom, Photochrome or the Aäc process) is a process for producing colorized images from black-and-white photographic negatives via the direct photographic transfer of a negative onto lithographic printing plates.
Princeton University Press is an independent publisher with close connections to Princeton University.
Rangaku (Kyūjitai: 學/Shinjitai: 蘭学, literally "Dutch learning", and by extension "Western learning") is a body of knowledge developed by Japan through its contacts with the Dutch enclave of Dejima, which allowed Japan to keep abreast of Western technology and medicine in the period when the country was closed to foreigners, 1641–1853, because of the Tokugawa shogunate's policy of national isolation (sakoku).
In philosophy, rationalism is the epistemological view that "regards reason as the chief source and test of knowledge" or "any view appealing to reason as a source of knowledge or justification".
Rebellion, uprising, or insurrection is a refusal of obedience or order.
were Japanese armed merchant sailing ships bound for Southeast Asian ports with red-sealed letters patent issued by the early Tokugawa shogunate in the first half of the 17th century.
The was a short-lived state established in 1869 by a part of the former Tokugawa military in what is now known as Hokkaido, the large but sparsely populated northernmost island in modern Japan.
In political science, a revolution (Latin: revolutio, "a turn around") is a fundamental and relatively sudden change in political power and political organization which occurs when the population revolt against the government, typically due to perceived oppression (political, social, economic).
Rice is the seed of the grass species Oryza sativa (Asian rice) or Oryza glaberrima (African rice).
Rice brokers, which rose to power and significance in Osaka and Edo in the Edo period (1603-1867) of Japanese history, were the forerunners to Japan's banking system.
Routledge is a British multinational publisher.
The rule of law is the "authority and influence of law in society, especially when viewed as a constraint on individual and institutional behavior; (hence) the principle whereby all members of a society (including those in government) are considered equally subject to publicly disclosed legal codes and processes".
The, also known as the or the, are a chain of islands annexed by Japan that stretch southwest from Kyushu to Taiwan: the Ōsumi, Tokara, Amami, Okinawa, and Sakishima Islands (further divided into the Miyako and Yaeyama Islands), with Yonaguni the southernmost.
Sakhalin (Сахалин), previously also known as Kuye Dao (Traditional Chinese:庫頁島, Simplified Chinese:库页岛) in Chinese and in Japanese, is a large Russian island in the North Pacific Ocean, lying between 45°50' and 54°24' N.
was the isolationist foreign policy of the Japanese Tokugawa shogunate under which relations and trade between Japan and other countries were severely limited, nearly all foreigners were barred from entering Japan, and common Japanese people were kept from leaving the country for a period of over 220 years.
This Sakoku Edict (Sakoku-rei, 鎖国令) of 1635 was a Japanese decree intended to eliminate foreign influence, enforced by strict government rules and regulations to impose these ideas.
were the military nobility and officer caste of medieval and early-modern Japan.
San Juan Bautista ("St. John the Baptist") (originally called Date Maru, 伊達丸 in Japanese) was one of Japan's first Japanese-built Western-style sailing ships.
was a policy of the Tokugawa shogunate during most of the Edo period of Japanese history.
, also known as Kagoshima Domain, was a Japanese domain of the Edo period.
The was the military dictator of Japan during the period from 1185 to 1868 (with exceptions).
Shibaraku (暫, しばらく) is a play in the Kabuki repertoire, and one of the celebrated Kabuki Jūhachiban ("Eighteen Great Plays").
The was an uprising in what is now Nagasaki Prefecture in southwestern Japan lasting from December 17, 1637, to April 15, 1638, during the Edo period.
is a city and port located in Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan.
is a city located in Yamaguchi Prefecture, Japan.
The daimyōs were lords who were certain relatives of the Tokugawa ''shōguns'' of Japan.
or kami-no-michi (among other names) is the traditional religion of Japan that focuses on ritual practices to be carried out diligently to establish a connection between present-day Japan and its ancient past.
Silviculture is the practice of controlling the establishment, growth, composition, health, and quality of forests to meet diverse needs and values.
The term social order can be used in two senses.
was a Japanese and Chinese political philosophy and a social movement derived from Neo-Confucianism; it became a political slogan in the 1850s and 1860s in the movement to overthrow the Tokugawa shogunate during the Bakumatsu period.
The Stanford University Press (SUP) is the publishing house of Stanford University.
was a Japanese scholar known for his translation of Kaitai Shinsho (New Book of Anatomy).
Suzuki Harunobu (鈴木 春信; – 15 July 1770) was a Japanese designer of woodblock print artist in the Ukiyo-e style.
was a after Bunsei and before Kōka. The period spanned from December 1830 through December 1844.
The were an array of economic policies introduced in 1842 by the Tokugawa Shogunate in Japan.
was the second shōgun of the Tokugawa dynasty, who ruled from 1605 until his abdication in 1623.
Tokugawa Iemitsu (徳川 家光 August 12, 1604 – June 8, 1651) was the third shōgun of the Tokugawa dynasty.
was the founder and first shōgun of the Tokugawa shogunate of Japan, which effectively ruled Japan from the Battle of Sekigahara in 1600 until the Meiji Restoration in 1868.
Tokugawa Nariaki (徳川 斉昭, April 4, 1800 – September 29, 1860) was a prominent Japanese daimyō who ruled the Mito Domain (now Ibaraki Prefecture) and contributed to the rise of nationalism and the Meiji Restoration.
The Tokugawa shogunate, also known as the and the, was the last feudal Japanese military government, which existed between 1600 and 1868.
was the 15th and last shōgun of the Tokugawa shogunate of Japan.
, officially, is one of the 47 prefectures of Japan and has been the capital since 1869.
is a bay located in the southern Kantō region of Japan, and spans the coasts of Tokyo, Kanagawa Prefecture, and Chiba Prefecture.
The is the primary residence of the Emperor of Japan.
The ton is a unit of measure.
This article is about the ukiyo-e artist; for samurai named Kiyonaga, see Naito Kiyonaga and Koriki Kiyonaga. Torii Kiyonaga (鳥居 清長; 1752 – June 28, 1815) was a Japanese ukiyo-e artist of the Torii school.
The was a Japanese clan that ruled over Japan before the Edo period.
was a preeminent daimyō, warrior, general, samurai, and politician of the Sengoku period who is regarded as Japan's second "great unifier".
A was a daimyō who was considered an outsider by the rulers of Japan.
Tuttle Publishing, originally the Charles E. Tuttle Company, is a book publishing company that includes Tuttle, Periplus Editions, and Journey Editions.
describes the urban lifestyle, especially the pleasure-seeking aspects, of the Edo-period Japan (1600–1867).
Ukiyo-e is a genre of Japanese art which flourished from the 17th through 19th centuries.
The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.
The University of Hawaii Press is a university press that is part of the University of Hawaiokinai.
Urbanization refers to the population shift from rural to urban residency, the gradual increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas, and the ways in which each society adapts to this change.
Kitagawa Utamaro (喜多川 歌麿; – 31 October 1806) was a Japanese artist.
A vassal is a person regarded as having a mutual obligation to a lord or monarch, in the context of the feudal system in medieval Europe.
A warship is a naval ship that is built and primarily intended for naval warfare.
A whaler or whaling ship is a specialized ship, designed for whaling: the catching or processing of whales.
was a Japanese adventurer who gained considerable influence in the Ayutthaya Kingdom at the beginning of the 17th century and became the governor of Nakhon Si Thammarat province, which is on the Malay Peninsula in present-day southern Thailand.
Yūkaku (遊廓) meant the regions in Japan where brothels recognized by the government were situated.
is a city in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan.
, commonly named Torajirō (寅次郎), was one of Japan's most distinguished intellectuals in the closing days of the Tokugawa shogunate.
Zero population growth, sometimes abbreviated ZPG (also called the replacement level of fertility),Zero Population Growth Organizanion.
Edo Era, Edo Japan, Edo Period, Edo era, Edo japan, Edo jidai, Edo-era, Edo-period, Era of Edo, Hinin, Period of Edo, Tokugawa Era, Tokugawa Japan, Tokugawa Period, Tokugawa era, Tokugawa period, Tokugawa-era, Yedo period.