303 relations: Abraham Lincoln, Academic capital, Academic certificate, Academic degree, Adolescence, Adult, Age of Enlightenment, Agriculture, Albertus Magnus, Alexandria, Almoravid dynasty, Alternative education, Alternative school, Amos Bronson Alcott, Analects, Analytic philosophy, Anatomy, Ancient Greece, Anthony Gregorc, Applied science, Apprenticeship, Architecture, Attention, Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, Australia, Autodidacticism, Axiology, Édouard Séguin, Belief, Bildung, Bill Clinton, Biology, Blue-collar worker, Caliphate, Carl Jung, Carpentry, Cathedral school, Catholic Church, Charles Darwin, Charter school, Chartres Cathedral, Child, Child protection, China, Classroom, Classroom management, Co-teaching, Cognitive neuroscience, Cognitive science, College, ..., Common knowledge, Community college, Comprehensive sex education, Compulsory education, Computer science, Confucius, Continental philosophy, Conversation, Course (education), Curriculum, David Kolb, Developing country, Developmental cognitive neuroscience, Diploma, Disability, Distance education, Dyscalculia, Dyslexia, Early childhood education, Economic growth, Economy, Education For All, Education for sustainable development, Education in Islam, Education policy, Educational neuroscience, Educational psychology, Educational sciences, Educational software, Educational technology, EdX, Egalitarianism, Employment, Encyclopædia Britannica, Engineering, Epistemology, Erasmus, Etiquette, Etymology, Euclid's Elements, Europe, Experience, Fall of the Western Roman Empire, Fine art, Formality, Foundation degree, Francis Wayland Parker, Frank Zappa, Frederick Mayer, Friedrich Fröbel, George Bernard Shaw, George Dennison, GlobalCampus, Glossary of education terms, Graduate school, GSAT-3, Gymnasium (school), Habit, Hearing, Henry David Thoreau, High school (North America), Higher education, History, History of Athens, Home, Homeschooling, Homonym, Howard Gardner, Human capital, Human rights education, Humanitarianism, Humanities, Iberian Peninsula, Index of education articles, India, Indian Space Research Organisation, Indigenous education, Indus River, Infant school, Informal education, Instructional design, Intellectual giftedness, Intelligence, Intelligence quotient, International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement, International Baccalaureate, International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, Internet, Internet access, Internship, Interpersonal relationship, Intrapersonal communication, Ivan Illich, Jacob Mincer, Jean Marc Gaspard Itard, Jesuit China missions, Jiddu Krishnamurti, Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi, Johannes Gutenberg, John Dewey, John Holt (educator), John Wooden, Joseph Renzulli, Junior school, K–12, Keirsey Temperament Sorter, Kindergarten, Knowledge, L. P. Jacks, Language acquisition, Latin, Learning, Learning environment, Learning sciences, Learning space, Learning styles, Learning theory (education), Leonardo da Vinci, Liberal arts college, Liberal arts education, Library of Alexandria, List of autodidacts, List of education articles by country, List of Friends schools, Literacy, Logic, Lu (state), Lyceum, Mali Empire, Maria Montessori, Mathematics, Mathematics in medieval Islam, Medicine, Medieval university, Metaphysics, Michael Faraday, Middle Kingdom of Egypt, Middle school, Millennium Development Goals, Minor (law), MIT Media Lab, Montessori education, Music, Myers–Briggs Type Indicator, National Council of Educational Research and Training, Natural science, Nervous system, New Partnership for Africa's Development, New Partnership for Africa's Development E-School Program, Numerical cognition, OECD, OLPC XO, One Laptop per Child, Open classroom, Open Society Foundations, Open University, Open university, Organization, Organizational learning, Outline of academic disciplines, Outline of education, Overseas Development Institute, Paul Goodman, Pedagogy, Philosophy, Physician, Plato, Platonic Academy, Political corruption, Postgraduate education, Preschool, Primary education, Primary school, Private school, Profession, Professor, Programme for International Student Assessment, Progressive education, Proprioception, Psychology, Race track, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Reading (process), Renaissance, Research, Right to education, Robert Grosseteste, Rudolf Steiner, Samuel Bowles (economist), Samuel Gridley Howe, Sands School, School, School of Chartres, School organizational models, School psychology, School uniform, Science, Science in the medieval Islamic world, Scientific Revolution, Secondary education, Secondary school, Skill, Skilled worker, Social norm, Social psychology, Social science, Sociology of education, Special education, Srinivasa Ramanujan, State school, Storytelling, Student, Sudbury Valley School, Summerhill School, Sustainable Development Goals, Switzerland, Syllabus, Tadao Ando, Teacher, Technology transfer, Telephone, Tertiary education, The arts, The Peepal Grove School, Theory of multiple intelligences, Thomas Aquinas, Thomas Edison, Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet, Traditional education, Training, Transcendentalism, Transparency International, Undergraduate education, UNESCO, UNESCO International Institute for Educational Planning, United Kingdom, United Nations, United States, Universal Primary Education, University, University of Bologna, University of Naples Federico II, University of Oxford, University of Western Ontario, Unschooling, Value (ethics), Verbal reasoning, Visual system, Vocational education, Walden's Path, Waldorf education, White-collar worker, Writing. 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Abraham Lincoln (February 12, 1809 – April 15, 1865) was an American statesman and lawyer who served as the 16th President of the United States from March 1861 until his assassination in April 1865.
In sociology, academic capital is the potential of an individual’s education and other academic experience to be used to gain a place in society.
An academic certificate is a document that certifies that a person has received specific education or has passed a test or series of tests.
An academic degree is a qualification awarded to students upon successful completion of a course of study in higher education, normally at a college or university.
AdolescenceMacmillan Dictionary for Students Macmillan, Pan Ltd.
Biologically, an adult is a human or other organism that has reached sexual maturity.
The Enlightenment (also known as the Age of Enlightenment or the Age of Reason; in lit in Aufklärung, "Enlightenment", in L’Illuminismo, “Enlightenment” and in Spanish: La Ilustración, "Enlightenment") was an intellectual and philosophical movement that dominated the world of ideas in Europe during the 18th century, "The Century of Philosophy".
Agriculture is the cultivation of land and breeding of animals and plants to provide food, fiber, medicinal plants and other products to sustain and enhance life.
Albertus Magnus, O.P. (c. 1200 – November 15, 1280), also known as Saint Albert the Great and Albert of Cologne, was a German Catholic Dominican friar and bishop.
Alexandria (or; Arabic: الإسكندرية; Egyptian Arabic: إسكندرية; Ⲁⲗⲉⲝⲁⲛⲇⲣⲓⲁ; Ⲣⲁⲕⲟⲧⲉ) is the second-largest city in Egypt and a major economic centre, extending about along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea in the north central part of the country.
The Almoravid dynasty (Imṛabḍen, ⵉⵎⵕⴰⴱⴹⴻⵏ; المرابطون, Al-Murābiṭūn) was an imperial Berber Muslim dynasty centered in Morocco.
Alternative education encompasses many pedagogical approaches differing from mainstream pedagogy.
An alternative school is an educational establishment with a curriculum and methods that are nontraditional.
Amos Bronson Alcott (November 29, 1799March 4, 1888) was an American teacher, writer, philosopher, and reformer.
The Analects (Old Chinese: *run ŋ(r)aʔ), also known as the Analects of Confucius, is a collection of sayings and ideas attributed to the Chinese philosopher Confucius and his contemporaries, traditionally believed to have been compiled and written by Confucius's followers.
Analytic philosophy (sometimes analytical philosophy) is a style of philosophy that became dominant in the Western world at the beginning of the 20th century.
Anatomy (Greek anatomē, “dissection”) is the branch of biology concerned with the study of the structure of organisms and their parts.
Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history from the Greek Dark Ages of the 13th–9th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (AD 600).
Anthony F. Gregorc is best known for his theory of a Mind Styles Model and its associated Style Delineator.
Applied science is the application of existing scientific knowledge to practical applications, like technology or inventions.
An apprenticeship is a system of training a new generation of practitioners of a trade or profession with on-the-job training and often some accompanying study (classroom work and reading).
Architecture is both the process and the product of planning, designing, and constructing buildings or any other structures.
Attention, also referred to as enthrallment, is the behavioral and cognitive process of selectively concentrating on a discrete aspect of information, whether deemed subjective or objective, while ignoring other perceivable information.
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a mental disorder of the neurodevelopmental type.
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
Autodidacticism (also autodidactism) or self-education (also self-learning and self-teaching) is education without the guidance of masters (such as teachers and professors) or institutions (such as schools).
Axiology (from Greek ἀξία, axia, "value, worth"; and -λογία, -logia) is the philosophical study of value.
Édouard Séguin (January 20, 1812 – October 28, 1880) was a physician and educationist born in Clamecy, Nièvre, France.
Belief is the state of mind in which a person thinks something to be the case with or without there being empirical evidence to prove that something is the case with factual certainty.
Bildung ("education, formation, etc.") refers to the German tradition of self-cultivation (as related to the German for: creation, image, shape), wherein philosophy and education are linked in a manner that refers to a process of both personal and cultural maturation.
William Jefferson Clinton (born August 19, 1946) is an American politician who served as the 42nd President of the United States from 1993 to 2001.
Biology is the natural science that studies life and living organisms, including their physical structure, chemical composition, function, development and evolution.
In the United States and (at least some) other English-speaking countries, a blue-collar worker is a working class person who performs manual labor.
A caliphate (خِلافة) is a state under the leadership of an Islamic steward with the title of caliph (خَليفة), a person considered a religious successor to the Islamic prophet Muhammad and a leader of the entire ummah (community).
Carl Gustav Jung (26 July 1875 – 6 June 1961) was a Swiss psychiatrist and psychoanalyst who founded analytical psychology.
Carpentry is a skilled trade in which the primary work performed is the cutting, shaping and installation of building materials during the construction of buildings, ships, timber bridges, concrete formwork, etc.
Cathedral schools began in the Early Middle Ages as centers of advanced education, some of them ultimately evolving into medieval universities.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
Charles Robert Darwin, (12 February 1809 – 19 April 1882) was an English naturalist, geologist and biologist, best known for his contributions to the science of evolution.
A charter school is a school that receives government funding but operates independently of the established state school system in which it is located.
Chartres Cathedral, also known as the Cathedral of Our Lady of Chartres (Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Chartres), is a Roman Catholic church of the Latin Church located in Chartres, France, about southwest of Paris.
Biologically, a child (plural: children) is a human being between the stages of birth and puberty.
Child protection is the protection of children from violence, exploitation, abuse and neglect.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
A classroom is a learning space, a room in which both children and adults learn.
Classroom management is a term teachers use to describe the process of ensuring that classroom lessons run smoothly without disruptive behavior from students compromising the delivery of instruction.
Co-teaching or team-teaching is when two educators work together to plan, organize, instruct and make assessments on the same group of students, sharing the same classroom.
The term cognitive neuroscience was coined by George Armitage Miller and Michael Gazzaniga in year 1976.
Cognitive science is the interdisciplinary, scientific study of the mind and its processes.
A college (Latin: collegium) is an educational institution or a constituent part of one.
Common knowledge is knowledge that is known by everyone or nearly everyone, usually with reference to the community in which the term is used.
A community college is a type of educational institution.
Comprehensive sex education (CSE) is a sex education instruction method based on-curriculum that aims to give students the knowledge, attitudes, skills and values to make appropriate and healthy choices in their sexual lives.
Compulsory education refers to a period of education that is required of all people and is imposed by government.
Computer science deals with the theoretical foundations of information and computation, together with practical techniques for the implementation and application of these foundations.
Confucius (551–479 BC) was a Chinese teacher, editor, politician, and philosopher of the Spring and Autumn period of Chinese history.
Continental philosophy is a set of 19th- and 20th-century philosophical traditions from mainland Europe.
Conversation is interactive communication between two or more people.
In higher education in Canada and the United States, a course is a unit of teaching that typically lasts one academic term, is led by one or more instructors (teachers or professors), and has a fixed roster of students.
In education, a curriculum (plural: curricula or curriculums) is broadly defined as the totality of student experiences that occur in the educational process.
David Kolb (born 1939) is an American philosopher and the Charles A. Dana Professor Emeritus of Philosophy at Bates College in Maine.
A developing country (or a low and middle income country (LMIC), less developed country, less economically developed country (LEDC), underdeveloped country) is a country with a less developed industrial base and a low Human Development Index (HDI) relative to other countries.
Developmental cognitive neuroscience is an interdisciplinary scientific field devoted to understanding psychological processes and their neurological bases in the developing organism.
A diploma is a certificate or deed issued by an educational institution, such as college or university, that testifies that the recipient has successfully completed a particular course of study.
A disability is an impairment that may be cognitive, developmental, intellectual, mental, physical, sensory, or some combination of these.
Distance education or long-distance learning is the education of students who may not always be physically present at a school.
Dyscalculia is difficulty in learning or comprehending arithmetic, such as difficulty in understanding numbers, learning how to manipulate numbers, and learning facts in mathematics.
Dyslexia, also known as reading disorder, is characterized by trouble with reading despite normal intelligence.
Early childhood education (ECE; also nursery education) is a branch of education theory which relates to the teaching of older children (formally and informally) up until the age of about eighteen (birth to Grade 2).
Economic growth is the increase in the inflation-adjusted market value of the goods and services produced by an economy over time.
An economy (from Greek οίκος – "household" and νέμoμαι – "manage") is an area of the production, distribution, or trade, and consumption of goods and services by different agents.
Education For All (EFA) is a global movement led by UNESCO (United Nation Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization), aiming to meet the learning needs of all children, youth and adults by 2015.
Sustainability education (SE), Education for Sustainability (EfS), and Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) are interchangeable terms describing the practice of teaching for sustainability.
Education in Islam is a concept based on verses of the Quran as well as hadiths that emphasize the positive benefits to be gained from the acquisition of knowledge.
Education policy consists of the principles and government policies in the educational sphere as well as the collection of laws and rules that govern the operation of education systems.
Educational neuroscience (or neuroeducation, a component of Mind Brain and Education) is an emerging scientific field that brings together researchers in cognitive neuroscience, developmental cognitive neuroscience, educational psychology, educational technology, education theory and other related disciplines to explore the interactions between biological processes and education.
Educational psychology is the branch of psychology concerned with the scientific study of human learning.
Education sciences (traditionally often called pedagogy) and education theory seek to describe, understand, and prescribe educational policy and practice.
Educational software is computer software, the primary purpose of which is teaching or self-learning.
Educational technology is "the study and ethical practice of facilitating learning and improving performance by creating, using, and managing appropriate technological processes and resources".
edX is a massive open online course (MOOC) provider.
Egalitarianism – or equalitarianism – is a school of thought that prioritizes equality for all people.
Employment is a relationship between two parties, usually based on a contract where work is paid for, where one party, which may be a corporation, for profit, not-for-profit organization, co-operative or other entity is the employer and the other is the employee.
The Encyclopædia Britannica (Latin for "British Encyclopaedia"), published by Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., is a general knowledge English-language encyclopaedia.
Engineering is the creative application of science, mathematical methods, and empirical evidence to the innovation, design, construction, operation and maintenance of structures, machines, materials, devices, systems, processes, and organizations.
Epistemology is the branch of philosophy concerned with the theory of knowledge.
Desiderius Erasmus Roterodamus (28 October 1466Gleason, John B. "The Birth Dates of John Colet and Erasmus of Rotterdam: Fresh Documentary Evidence," Renaissance Quarterly, The University of Chicago Press on behalf of the Renaissance Society of America, Vol. 32, No. 1 (Spring, 1979), pp. 73–76; – 12 July 1536), known as Erasmus or Erasmus of Rotterdam,Erasmus was his baptismal name, given after St. Erasmus of Formiae.
Etiquette is a code of behavior that delineates expectations for social behavior according to contemporary conventional norms within a society, social class, or group.
EtymologyThe New Oxford Dictionary of English (1998) – p. 633 "Etymology /ˌɛtɪˈmɒlədʒi/ the study of the class in words and the way their meanings have changed throughout time".
The Elements (Στοιχεῖα Stoicheia) is a mathematical treatise consisting of 13 books attributed to the ancient Greek mathematician Euclid in Alexandria, Ptolemaic Egypt c. 300 BC.
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.
Experience is the knowledge or mastery of an event or subject gained through involvement in or exposure to it.
The Fall of the Western Roman Empire (also called Fall of the Roman Empire or Fall of Rome) was the process of decline in the Western Roman Empire in which it failed to enforce its rule, and its vast territory was divided into several successor polities.
In European academic traditions, fine art is art developed primarily for aesthetics or beauty, distinguishing it from applied art, which also has to serve some practical function, such as pottery or most metalwork.
A formality is an established procedure or set of specific behaviors and utterances, conceptually similar to a ritual although typically secular and less involved.
A foundation degree is a combined academic and vocational qualification in higher education, equivalent to two thirds of an honours bachelor's degree, introduced by the government of the United Kingdom in September 2001.
Francis Wayland Parker (October 9, 1837March 2, 1902) was a pioneer of the progressive school movement in the United States.
Frank Vincent Zappa (December 21, 1940 – December 4, 1993) was an American musician, composer, activist and filmmaker.
Frederick Mayer (11 August 1921, Frankfurt, Germany - 26 June 2006, Vienna, Austria) was an educational scientist and philosopher of the University of Redlands, California and one of the leading creativity experts.
Friedrich Wilhelm August Fröbel or Froebel (21 April 1782 – 21 June 1852) was a German pedagogue, a student of Pestalozzi who laid the foundation for modern education based on the recognition that children have unique needs and capabilities.
George Bernard Shaw (26 July 1856 – 2 November 1950), known at his insistence simply as Bernard Shaw, was an Irish playwright, critic, polemicist, and political activist.
George Dennison (1925-1987) was an American novelist and short-story author best known for The Lives of Children, his account of the First Street School.
GlobalCampus is a new online service attempting to match prospective students to universities and degrees worldwide.
The follow articles comprise the Glossary of education-related terms.
A graduate school (sometimes shortened as grad school) is a school that awards advanced academic degrees (i.e. master's and doctoral degrees) with the general requirement that students must have earned a previous undergraduate (bachelor's) degree with a high grade point average.
GSAT-3, also known as EDUSAT, was a communications satellite which was launched on 20 September 2004 by the Indian Space Research Organisation.
A gymnasium is a type of school with a strong emphasis on academic learning, and providing advanced secondary education in some parts of Europe comparable to British grammar schools, sixth form colleges and US preparatory high schools.
A habit (or wont) is a routine of behavior that is repeated regularly and tends to occur subconsciously.
Hearing, or auditory perception, is the ability to perceive sounds by detecting vibrations, changes in the pressure of the surrounding medium through time, through an organ such as the ear.
Henry David Thoreau (see name pronunciation; July 12, 1817 – May 6, 1862) was an American essayist, poet, philosopher, abolitionist, naturalist, tax resister, development critic, surveyor, and historian.
High school is a term primarily used in the United States to describe the level of education students receive from approximately 14 to 18 years old, although there is some variation.
Higher education (also called post-secondary education, third-level or tertiary education) is an optional final stage of formal learning that occurs after completion of secondary education.
History (from Greek ἱστορία, historia, meaning "inquiry, knowledge acquired by investigation") is the study of the past as it is described in written documents.
Athens is one of the oldest named cities in the world, having been continuously inhabited for at least 5000 years.
A home, or domicile, is a dwelling-place used as a permanent or semi-permanent residence for an individual, family, household or several families in a tribe.
Homeschooling, also known as home education, is the education of children inside the home.
In linguistics, homonyms, broadly defined, are words which sound alike or are spelled alike, but have different meanings.
Howard Earl Gardner (born July 11, 1943) is an American developmental psychologist and the John H. and Elisabeth A. Hobbs Professor of Cognition and Education at the Harvard Graduate School of Education at Harvard University.
Human capital is a term popularized by Gary Becker, an economist and Nobel Laureate from the University of Chicago, and Jacob Mincer.
The Advocates for Human Rights Organization defined human rights education as the learning process that builds up the required knowledge, values, and proficiency of human rights.
Humanitarianism is an active belief in the value of human life, whereby humans practice benevolent treatment and provide assistance to other humans, in order to better humanity for moral, altruistic and logical reasons.
Humanities are academic disciplines that study aspects of human society and culture.
The Iberian Peninsula, also known as Iberia, is located in the southwest corner of Europe.
This is an index of education articles.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is the space agency of the Government of India headquartered in the city of Bangalore.
Indigenous education specifically focuses on teaching indigenous knowledge, models, methods, and content within formal or non-formal educational systems.
The Indus River (also called the Sindhū) is one of the longest rivers in Asia.
An Infant school is a term used primarily in England and Wales.
Informal Education is a general term for education that can occur outside of a structured curriculum.
Instructional design (ID), or instructional systems design (ISD), is the practice of creating "instructional experiences which make the acquisition of knowledge and skill more efficient, effective, and appealing".
Intellectual giftedness is an intellectual ability significantly higher than average.
Intelligence has been defined in many different ways to include the capacity for logic, understanding, self-awareness, learning, emotional knowledge, reasoning, planning, creativity, and problem solving.
An intelligence quotient (IQ) is a total score derived from several standardized tests designed to assess human intelligence.
The International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA) is an independent, international cooperative of national research institutions and governmental research agencies.
The International Baccalaureate (IB), formerly known as the International Baccalaureate Organization (IBO), is an international educational foundation headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland and founded in 1968.
The International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) is a multilateral treaty adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on 16 December 1966, and came in force from 3 January 1976.
The Internet is the global system of interconnected computer networks that use the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to link devices worldwide.
Internet access is the ability of individuals and organizations to connect to the Internet using computer terminals, computers, and other devices; and to access services such as email and the World Wide Web.
An internship is a period of work experience offered by an organisation for a limited period of time.
An interpersonal relationship is a strong, deep, or close association or acquaintance between two or more people that may range in duration from brief to enduring.
Intrapersonal communication is a communicator's internal use of language or thought.
Ivan Illich (4 September 1926 – 2 December 2002) was a Croatian-Austrian philosopher, Roman Catholic priest, and critic of the institutions of modern Western culture, who addressed contemporary practices in education, medicine, work, energy use, transportation, and economic development.
Jacob Mincer (July 15, 1922 – August 20, 2006), was a father of modern labor economics.
Jean Marc Gaspard Itard (24 April 1774, Oraison, Alpes-de-Haute-Provence – 5 July 1838, Paris) was a French physician born in Provence.
The history of the missions of the Jesuits in China is part of the history of relations between China and the Western world.
Jiddu Krishnamurti (11 May 1895 – 17 February 1986) was a philosopher, speaker and writer.
Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi (January 12, 1746 – February 17, 1827) was a Swiss pedagogue and educational reformer who exemplified Romanticism in his approach.
Johannes Gensfleisch zur Laden zum Gutenberg (– February 3, 1468) was a German blacksmith, goldsmith, printer, and publisher who introduced printing to Europe with the printing press.
John Dewey (October 20, 1859 – June 1, 1952) was an American philosopher, psychologist, Georgist, and educational reformer whose ideas have been influential in education and social reform.
John Caldwell Holt (April 14, 1923 – September 14, 1985) was an American author and educator, a proponent of homeschooling and, specifically, the unschooling approach, and a pioneer in youth rights theory.
John Robert Wooden (October 14, 1910 – June 4, 2010) was an American basketball player and head coach at the University of California at Los Angeles.
Joseph Renzulli (born July 7, 1936) is an American educational psychologist.
A Junior school is a type of school which provides primary education to children, often in the age range from 8 and 13, following attendance at Infant school which covers the age range 5–7.
K–12 (spoken as "k twelve", "k through twelve", or "k to twelve"), for kindergarten to 12th grade, indicates the sum of primary and secondary education in several nations, including India, the United States, Canada, Ecuador, South Korea, Turkey, Philippines, Egypt, Australia, Afghanistan, and Iran for publicly supported school grades prior to college.
The Keirsey Temperament Sorter (KTS) is a self-assessed personality questionnaire designed to help people better understand themselves and others.
Kindergarten (from German, literally meaning 'garden for the children') is a preschool educational approach based on playing, singing, practical activities such as drawing, and social interaction as part of the transition from home to school.
Knowledge is a familiarity, awareness, or understanding of someone or something, such as facts, information, descriptions, or skills, which is acquired through experience or education by perceiving, discovering, or learning.
Lawrence Pearsall Jacks (9 October 1860 – 17 February 1955), abbreviated L. P. Jacks was an English educator, philosopher, and Unitarian minister who rose to prominence in the period from World War I to World War II.
Language acquisition is the process by which humans acquire the capacity to perceive and comprehend language, as well as to produce and use words and sentences to communicate.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Learning is the process of acquiring new or modifying existing knowledge, behaviors, skills, values, or preferences.
Learning environment can refer to an educational approach, cultural context, or physical setting in which teaching and learning occur.
learning sciences (LS) is an interdisciplinary field that works to further scientific understanding of learning as well as to engage in the design and implementation of learning innovations, and the improvement of instructional methodologies.
Learning space or learning setting refers to a physical setting for a learning environment, a place in which teaching and learning occur.
Learning styles refer to a range of competing and contested theories that aim to account for differences in individuals' learning.
Learning theories are conceptual frameworks that describe how students absorb, process, and retain knowledge during learning.
Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci (15 April 14522 May 1519), more commonly Leonardo da Vinci or simply Leonardo, was an Italian polymath of the Renaissance, whose areas of interest included invention, painting, sculpting, architecture, science, music, mathematics, engineering, literature, anatomy, geology, astronomy, botany, writing, history, and cartography.
A liberal arts college is a college with an emphasis on undergraduate study in the liberal arts and sciences.
Liberal arts education (from Latin "free" and "art or principled practice") can claim to be the oldest programme of higher education in Western history.
The Royal Library of Alexandria or Ancient Library of Alexandria in Alexandria, Egypt, was one of the largest and most significant libraries of the ancient world.
This is a list of notable autodidacts which includes people who have been partially or wholly self-taught.
This is a list of articles on education organized by country.
Friends schools are institutions that provide an education based on the beliefs and testimonies of the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers).
Literacy is traditionally meant as the ability to read and write.
Logic (from the logikḗ), originally meaning "the word" or "what is spoken", but coming to mean "thought" or "reason", is a subject concerned with the most general laws of truth, and is now generally held to consist of the systematic study of the form of valid inference.
Lu (c. 1042–249 BC) was a vassal state during the Zhou dynasty of ancient China.
The lyceum is a category of educational institution defined within the education system of many countries, mainly in Europe.
The Mali Empire (Manding: Nyeni or Niani; also historically referred to as the Manden Kurufaba, sometimes shortened to Manden) was an empire in West Africa from 1230 to 1670.
Maria Tecla Artemisia Montessori (August 31, 1870 – May 6, 1952) was an Italian physician and educator best known for the philosophy of education that bears her name, and her writing on scientific pedagogy.
Mathematics (from Greek μάθημα máthēma, "knowledge, study, learning") is the study of such topics as quantity, structure, space, and change.
Mathematics during the Golden Age of Islam, especially during the 9th and 10th centuries, was built on Greek mathematics (Euclid, Archimedes, Apollonius) and Indian mathematics (Aryabhata, Brahmagupta).
Medicine is the science and practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease.
A medieval university is a corporation organized during the Middle Ages for the purposes of higher learning.
Metaphysics is a branch of philosophy that explores the nature of being, existence, and reality.
Michael Faraday FRS (22 September 1791 – 25 August 1867) was an English scientist who contributed to the study of electromagnetism and electrochemistry.
The Middle Kingdom of Egypt (also known as The Period of Reunification) is the period in the history of ancient Egypt between circa 2050 BC and 1710 BC, stretching from the reunification of Egypt under the impulse of Mentuhotep II of the Eleventh Dynasty to the end of the Twelfth Dynasty.
A middle school (also known as intermediate school or junior high school) is an educational stage which exists in some countries, providing education between primary school and secondary school.
The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) were the eight international development goals for the year 2015 that had been established following the Millennium Summit of the United Nations in 2000, following the adoption of the United Nations Millennium Declaration.
In law, a minor is a person under a certain age, usually the age of majority, which legally demarcates childhood from adulthood.
The MIT Media Lab is an antidisciplinary research laboratory at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, growing out of MIT's Architecture Machine Group in the School of Architecture.
The Montessori Method of education, developed by Maria Montessori, is a child-centered educational approach based on scientific observations of children from birth to adulthood.
Music is an art form and cultural activity whose medium is sound organized in time.
The Myers–Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) is an introspective self-report questionnaire with the purpose of indicating differing psychological preferences in how people perceive the world around them and make decisions.
The National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) is an autonomous organisation of the Government of India that was established on 1 September 1961 as a literary, scientific and charitable Society under the Societies' Registration Act (Act XXI of 1860).
Natural science is a branch of science concerned with the description, prediction, and understanding of natural phenomena, based on empirical evidence from observation and experimentation.
The nervous system is the part of an animal that coordinates its actions by transmitting signals to and from different parts of its body.
The New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD) is an economic development program of the African Union.
The New Partnership for Africa's Development E-School Programme run by NEPAD aims to provide computers and internet access to all schools in Africa within 10 years, and also to set up health points to tie in with Nepad's E-Health program.
Numerical cognition is a subdiscipline of cognitive science that studies the cognitive, developmental and neural bases of numbers and mathematics.
The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD; Organisation de coopération et de développement économiques, OCDE) is an intergovernmental economic organisation with 35 member countries, founded in 1961 to stimulate economic progress and world trade.
The OLPC XO, previously known as the $100 Laptop, Children's Machine, and 2B1, is an inexpensive laptop computer intended to be distributed to children in developing countries around the world, to provide them with access to knowledge, and opportunities to "explore, experiment and express themselves" (constructionist learning).
One Laptop per Child (OLPC) is a non-profit initiative established with the goal of transforming education for children around the world; this goal was to be achieved by creating and distributing educational devices for the developing world, and by creating software and content for those devices.
An open classroom is a student-centered learning space design format which first became popular in North America in the late 1960s and 1970s, with a re-emergence in the early 21st century.
Open Society Foundations (OSF), formerly the Open Society Institute, is an international grantmaking network founded by business magnate George Soros.
The Open University (OU) is a public distance learning and research university, and one of the biggest universities in the UK for undergraduate education.
An open university is a university with an open-door academic policy, with minimal or no entry requirements.
An organization or organisation is an entity comprising multiple people, such as an institution or an association, that has a collective goal and is linked to an external environment.
Organizational learning is the process of creating, retaining, and transferring knowledge within an organization.
An academic discipline or field of study is a branch of knowledge that is taught and researched as part of higher education.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to education: Education – in the general sense is any act or experience that has a formative effect on the mind, character, or physical ability of an individual.
The Overseas Development Institute (ODI) is an independent think tank on international development and humanitarian issues, founded in 1960.
Paul Goodman (September 9, 1911 – August 2, 1972) was an American novelist, playwright, poet, literary critic, and psychotherapist, although now best known as a social critic and anarchist philosopher.
Pedagogy is the discipline that deals with the theory and practice of teaching and how these influence student learning.
Philosophy (from Greek φιλοσοφία, philosophia, literally "love of wisdom") is the study of general and fundamental problems concerning matters such as existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language.
A physician, medical practitioner, medical doctor, or simply doctor is a professional who practises medicine, which is concerned with promoting, maintaining, or restoring health through the study, diagnosis, and treatment of disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments.
Plato (Πλάτων Plátōn, in Classical Attic; 428/427 or 424/423 – 348/347 BC) was a philosopher in Classical Greece and the founder of the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world.
The Academy (Ancient Greek: Ἀκαδημία) was founded by Plato (428/427 BC – 348/347 BC) in ca.
Political corruption is the use of powers by government officials or their network contacts for illegitimate private gain.
Postgraduate education, or graduate education in North America, involves learning and studying for academic or professional degrees, academic or professional certificates, academic or professional diplomas, or other qualifications for which a first or bachelor's degree generally is required, and it is normally considered to be part of higher education.
A preschool, also known as nursery school, pre-primary school, playschool or kindergarten, is an educational establishment or learning space offering early childhood education to children before they begin compulsory education at primary school.
Primary education and elementary education is typically the first stage of formal education, coming after preschool and before secondary education (The first two grades of primary school, Grades 1 and 2, are also part of early childhood education).
A primary school (or elementary school in American English and often in Canadian English) is a school in which children receive primary or elementary education from the age of about seven to twelve, coming after preschool, infant school and before secondary school.
Private schools, also known to many as independent schools, non-governmental, privately funded, or non-state schools, are not administered by local, state or national governments.
A profession is a vocation founded upon specialized educational training, the purpose of which is to supply disinterested objective counsel and service to others, for a direct and definite compensation, wholly apart from expectation of other business gain.
Professor (commonly abbreviated as Prof.) is an academic rank at universities and other post-secondary education and research institutions in most countries.
The Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) is a worldwide study by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) in member and non-member nations intended to evaluate educational systems by measuring 15-year-old school pupils' scholastic performance on mathematics, science, and reading.
Progressive education is a pedagogical movement that began in the late nineteenth century; it has persisted in various forms to the present.
Proprioception, from Latin proprius, meaning "one's own", "individual", and capio, capere, to take or grasp, is the sense of the relative position of one's own parts of the body and strength of effort being employed in movement.
Psychology is the science of behavior and mind, including conscious and unconscious phenomena, as well as feeling and thought.
A race track (or "racetrack", "racing track" or "racing circuit") is a facility built for racing of vehicles, athletes, or animals (e.g. horse racing or greyhound racing).
Ralph Waldo Emerson (May 25, 1803 – April 27, 1882) was an American essayist, lecturer, philosopher, and poet who led the transcendentalist movement of the mid-19th century.
Reading is a complex "cognitive process" of decoding symbols in order to construct or derive meaning (reading comprehension).
The Renaissance is a period in European history, covering the span between the 14th and 17th centuries.
Research comprises "creative and systematic work undertaken to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of humans, culture and society, and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications." It is used to establish or confirm facts, reaffirm the results of previous work, solve new or existing problems, support theorems, or develop new theories.
The right to education has been recognized as a human right in a number of international conventions, including the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights which recognizes a right to free, compulsory primary education for all, an obligation to develop secondary education accessible to all, in particular by the progressive introduction of free secondary education, as well as an obligation to develop equitable access to higher education, ideally by the progressive introduction of free higher education.
Robert Grosseteste (Robertus Grosseteste; – 9 October 1253) was an English statesman, scholastic philosopher, theologian, scientist and Bishop of Lincoln.
Rudolf Joseph Lorenz Steiner (27 (or 25) February 1861 – 30 March 1925) was an Austrian philosopher, social reformer, architect and esotericist.
Samuel Stebbins Bowles (born January 6, 1939), is an American economist and Professor Emeritus at the University of Massachusetts Amherst, where he continues to teach courses on microeconomics and the theory of institutions.
Samuel Gridley Howe (November 10, 1801 – January 9, 1876) was a nineteenth century United States physician, abolitionist, and an advocate of education for the blind.
Sands School is a democratic school in Ashburton, Devon in England.
A school is an institution designed to provide learning spaces and learning environments for the teaching of students (or "pupils") under the direction of teachers.
During the High Middle Ages, Chartres Cathedral operated a famous and influential cathedral school, an important center of scholarship.
School organizational models are methods of structuring the curriculum, functions, and facilities for schools, colleges, and universities.
School psychology is a field that applies principles of educational psychology, developmental psychology, clinical psychology, community psychology, and applied behavior analysis to meet children's and adolescents' behavioral health and learning needs in a collaborative manner with educators and parents.
A school uniform is a uniform worn by students primarily for a school or otherwise educational institution.
R. P. Feynman, The Feynman Lectures on Physics, Vol.1, Chaps.1,2,&3.
Science in the medieval Islamic world was the science developed and practised during the Islamic Golden Age under the Umayyads of Córdoba, the Abbadids of Seville, the Samanids, the Ziyarids, the Buyids in Persia, the Abbasid Caliphate and beyond, spanning the period c. 800 to 1250.
The Scientific Revolution was a series of events that marked the emergence of modern science during the early modern period, when developments in mathematics, physics, astronomy, biology (including human anatomy) and chemistry transformed the views of society about nature.
Secondary education covers two phases on the International Standard Classification of Education scale.
A secondary school is both an organization that provides secondary education and the building where this takes place.
A skill is the ability to carry out a task with determined results often within a given amount of time, energy, or both.
A skilled worker is any worker who has special skill, training, knowledge, and (usually acquired) ability in their work.
From a sociological perspective, social norms are informal understandings that govern the behavior of members of a society.
Social psychology is the study of how people's thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are influenced by the actual, imagined, or implied presence of others.
Social science is a major category of academic disciplines, concerned with society and the relationships among individuals within a society.
The sociology of education is the study of how public institutions and individual experiences affect education and its outcomes.
Special education (also known as special needs education, aided education, exceptional education or Special Ed) is the practice of educating students with an IEP or Section 504 in a way that addresses their individual differences and needs.
Srinivasa Ramanujan (22 December 188726 April 1920) was an Indian mathematician who lived during the British Rule in India. Though he had almost no formal training in pure mathematics, he made substantial contributions to mathematical analysis, number theory, infinite series, and continued fractions, including solutions to mathematical problems considered to be unsolvable.
State schools (also known as public schools outside England and Wales)In England and Wales, some independent schools for 13- to 18-year-olds are known as 'public schools'.
Storytelling describes the social and cultural activity of sharing stories, sometimes with improvisation, theatrics, or embellishment.
A student is a learner or someone who attends an educational institution.
The Sudbury Valley School was founded in 1968 by a community of people including, Mimsy Sadofsky, Hanna Greenberg, and Daniel Greenberg, in Framingham, Massachusetts, United States.
Summerhill School is an independent (i.e. fee-paying) British boarding school that was founded in 1921 by Alexander Sutherland Neill with the belief that the school should be made to fit the child, rather than the other way around.
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are a good collection of 17 global goals set by the United Nations in 2015.
Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a sovereign state in Europe.
A syllabus (plural syllabuses or syllabi) is an academic document that communicates course information and defines expectations and responsibilities.
is a Japanese self-taught architect whose approach to architecture and landscape was categorized by architectural historian Francesco Dal Co as "critical regionalism".
A teacher (also called a school teacher or, in some contexts, an educator) is a person who helps others to acquire knowledge, competences or values.
Technology transfer, also called transfer of technology (TOT), is the process of transferring (disseminating) technology from the places and ingroups of its origination to wider distribution among more people and places.
A telephone, or phone, is a telecommunications device that permits two or more users to conduct a conversation when they are too far apart to be heard directly.
Tertiary education, also referred to as third stage, third level, and postsecondary education, is the educational level following the completion of a school providing a secondary education.
The arts refers to the theory and physical expression of creativity found in human societies and cultures.
The Peepal Grove School is a co-educational boarding school and alternative school in India (affiliated to the CISCE Board) located in Gongivari Palli village, Sodam mandal in Chittoor District of Andhra Pradesh (India).
The theory of multiple intelligences differentiates human intelligence into specific 'modalities', rather than seeing intelligence as dominated by a single general ability.
Saint Thomas Aquinas (1225 – 7 March 1274) was an Italian Dominican friar, Catholic priest, and Doctor of the Church.
Thomas Alva Edison (February 11, 1847October 18, 1931) was an American inventor and businessman, who has been described as America's greatest inventor.
The Reverend Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet, LL.D., (December 10, 1787 – September 10, 1851) was an American deaf educator.
Traditional education, also known as back-to-basics, conventional education or customary education, refers to long-established customs that society traditionally used in schools.
Training is teaching, or developing in oneself or others, any skills and knowledge that relate to specific useful competencies.
Transcendentalism is a philosophical movement that developed in the late 1820s and 1830s in the eastern United States.
Transparency International e.V. (TI) is an international non-governmental organization which is based in Berlin, Germany, and was founded in 1993.
Undergraduate education is the post-secondary education previous to the postgraduate education.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.
The International Institute for Educational Planning (IIEP – UNESCO) is an arm of UNESCO created in 1963 in Paris, France.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The second goal in the United Nations Millennium Development Goal is to achieve Universal Primary Education, more specifically, to "ensure that by 2015, children everywhere, boys and girls alike will be able to complete a full course of primary schooling." Education is vital to meeting all other Millennium Development Goals: " gives the next generation the tools to fight poverty and prevent disease, including malaria and AIDS." Despite the significance of investing in education, the recent report, —produced by UNESCO Institute for Statistics and UNICEF found that the world has missed this 2015 target of universal primary education, and there are currently 58 million children, of primary school age, worldwide.
A university (universitas, "a whole") is an institution of higher (or tertiary) education and research which awards academic degrees in various academic disciplines.
The University of Bologna (Università di Bologna, UNIBO), founded in 1088, is the oldest university in continuous operation, as well as one of the leading academic institutions in Italy and Europe.
The University of Naples Federico II (Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II) is a university located in Naples, Italy.
The University of Oxford (formally The Chancellor Masters and Scholars of the University of Oxford) is a collegiate research university located in Oxford, England.
The University of Western Ontario (UWO), corporately branded as Western University as of 2012 and commonly shortened to Western, is a public research university in London, Ontario, Canada.
Unschooling is an educational method and philosophy that advocates learner-chosen activities as a primary means for learning.
In ethics, value denotes the degree of importance of some thing or action, with the aim of determining what actions are best to do or what way is best to live (normative ethics), or to describe the significance of different actions.
Verbal reasoning is understanding and reasoning using concepts framed in words.
The visual system is the part of the central nervous system which gives organisms the ability to process visual detail, as well as enabling the formation of several non-image photo response functions.
Vocational education is education that prepares people to work in various jobs, such as a trade, a craft, or as a technician.
Walden's Path School is one of the several Jiddu Krishnamurti Schools located at Jubilee Hills in Hyderabad, India.
Waldorf education, also known as Steiner education, is based on the educational philosophy of Rudolf Steiner, the founder of Anthroposophy.
In many countries (such as Australia, Canada, France, New Zealand, United Kingdom, and United States), a white-collar worker is a person who performs professional, managerial, or administrative work.
Writing is a medium of human communication that represents language and emotion with signs and symbols.
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