112 relations: Aberdeen Proving Ground, Albert Einstein, Allan Sandage, American Association for the Advancement of Science, Andromeda Galaxy, Asteroid, Astronomy, Astrophysics, Ballistic Research Laboratory, Ballistics, Barnard Medal for Meritorious Service to Science, Big Bang, Brooklyn, Bruce Medal, Carl Sagan, Carnegie Institution for Science, Cepheid variable, Chicago, Colorado, Coordinate system, Cosmic distance ladder, Cosmological constant, Cosmos: A Personal Voyage, Distance measures (cosmology), Doppler effect, Edwin Hubble House, Euclidean geometry, Expansion of the universe, Extragalactic astronomy, Franklin Institute, Franklin Medal, Galaxy, Galaxy formation and evolution, Galaxy morphological classification, Gérard de Vaucouleurs, General relativity, George Ellery Hale, Georges Lemaître, Germany, Gerty Cori, Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society, Great Debate (astronomy), Hale Telescope, Hall of Famous Missourians, Harlow Shapley, Harvard University, Henrietta Swan Leavitt, Hubble (crater), Hubble sequence, Hubble Space Telescope, ..., Hubble's law, Immanuel Kant, Indiana Basketball Hall of Fame, Interstate 44, John Bardeen, Jurisprudence, Kappa Sigma, Legion of Merit, Linus Pauling, Louisville, Kentucky, Luminosity, Mario Livio, Marshfield, Missouri, Mathematics, Milky Way, Moon, Mount Wilson Observatory, National Historic Landmark, Nature (journal), Nebula, New Albany High School (Indiana), New Albany, Indiana, Newcomb Cleveland Prize, Nobel Committee, Nobel Prize in Physics, Observational cosmology, Palomar Observatory, Pasadena, California, PBS, Periodic function, Physics, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Proper length, Recessional velocity, Redshift, Rhodes Scholarship, San Marino, California, Shape of the universe, Shelbyville, Kentucky, Sidney van den Bergh, Star, The New York Times, The Queen's College, Oxford, Thesis, Thrombus, Triangulum Galaxy, United States Army, United States Postal Service, University of Chicago, Vesto Slipher, Victor Stabin, WGBH-TV, Wheaton, Illinois, Willem de Sitter, William Wilson Morgan, World War I, World War II, Yerkes Observatory, 1373 Cincinnati, 1906–07 Chicago Maroons men's basketball team, 2069 Hubble, 86th Infantry Division (United States). Expand index (62 more) » « Shrink index
Aberdeen Proving Ground (APG) (sometimes erroneously called Aberdeen Proving Grounds) is a United States Army facility located adjacent to Aberdeen, Maryland (in Harford County).
Albert Einstein (14 March 1879 – 18 April 1955) was a German-born theoretical physicist who developed the theory of relativity, one of the two pillars of modern physics (alongside quantum mechanics).
Allan Rex Sandage (June 18, 1926 – November 13, 2010) was an American astronomer.
The American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) is an American international non-profit organization with the stated goals of promoting cooperation among scientists, defending scientific freedom, encouraging scientific responsibility, and supporting scientific education and science outreach for the betterment of all humanity.
The Andromeda Galaxy, also known as Messier 31, M31, or NGC 224, is a spiral galaxy approximately 780 kiloparsecs (2.5 million light-years) from Earth, and the nearest major galaxy to the Milky Way.
Asteroids are minor planets, especially those of the inner Solar System.
Astronomy (from ἀστρονομία) is a natural science that studies celestial objects and phenomena.
Astrophysics is the branch of astronomy that employs the principles of physics and chemistry "to ascertain the nature of the astronomical objects, rather than their positions or motions in space".
The Ballistic Research Laboratory (BRL) at Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland was the center for the United States Army's research efforts in ballistics (interior, exterior, and terminal) as well as vulnerability/lethality analysis.
Ballistics is the field of mechanics that deals with the launching, flight, behavior, and effects of projectiles, especially bullets, unguided bombs, rockets, or the like; the science or art of designing and accelerating projectiles so as to achieve a desired performance.
The Barnard Medal for Meritorious Service to Science was established in 1889 by the will of Columbia University president Frederick A. P. Barnard, and has been awarded by Columbia University, based on recommendations by the National Academy of Science, every 5 years since 1895.
The Big Bang theory is the prevailing cosmological model for the universe from the earliest known periods through its subsequent large-scale evolution.
Brooklyn is the most populous borough of New York City, with a census-estimated 2,648,771 residents in 2017.
The Catherine Wolfe Bruce Gold Medal is awarded every year by the Astronomical Society of the Pacific for outstanding lifetime contributions to astronomy.
Carl Edward Sagan (November 9, 1934 – December 20, 1996) was an American astronomer, cosmologist, astrophysicist, astrobiologist, author, science popularizer, and science communicator in astronomy and other natural sciences.
The Carnegie Institution of Washington (the organization's legal name), known also for public purposes as the Carnegie Institution for Science (CIS), is an organization in the United States established to fund and perform scientific research.
A Cepheid variable is a type of star that pulsates radially, varying in both diameter and temperature and producing changes in brightness with a well-defined stable period and amplitude.
Chicago, officially the City of Chicago, is the third most populous city in the United States, after New York City and Los Angeles.
Colorado is a state of the United States encompassing most of the southern Rocky Mountains as well as the northeastern portion of the Colorado Plateau and the western edge of the Great Plains.
In geometry, a coordinate system is a system which uses one or more numbers, or coordinates, to uniquely determine the position of the points or other geometric elements on a manifold such as Euclidean space.
The cosmic distance ladder (also known as the extragalactic distance scale) is the succession of methods by which astronomers determine the distances to celestial objects.
In cosmology, the cosmological constant (usually denoted by the Greek capital letter lambda: Λ) is the value of the energy density of the vacuum of space.
Cosmos: A Personal Voyage is a thirteen-part television series written by Carl Sagan, Ann Druyan, and Steven Soter, with Sagan as presenter.
Distance measures are used in physical cosmology to give a natural notion of the distance between two objects or events in the universe.
The Doppler effect (or the Doppler shift) is the change in frequency or wavelength of a wave in relation to observer who is moving relative to the wave source.
The Edwin Hubble House is a historic house at 1340 Woodstock Road, in San Marino, California.
Euclidean geometry is a mathematical system attributed to Alexandrian Greek mathematician Euclid, which he described in his textbook on geometry: the Elements.
The expansion of the universe is the increase of the distance between two distant parts of the universe with time.
Extragalactic astronomy is the branch of astronomy concerned with objects outside the Milky Way galaxy.
The Franklin Institute is a science museum and the center of science education and research in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
The Franklin Medal was a science award presented from 1915 through 1997 by the Franklin Institute located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S. It was founded in 1914 by Samuel Insull.
A galaxy is a gravitationally bound system of stars, stellar remnants, interstellar gas, dust, and dark matter.
The study of galaxy formation and evolution is concerned with the processes that formed a heterogeneous universe from a homogeneous beginning, the formation of the first galaxies, the way galaxies change over time, and the processes that have generated the variety of structures observed in nearby galaxies.
Galaxy morphological classification is a system used by astronomers to divide galaxies into groups based on their visual appearance.
Gérard Henri de Vaucouleurs (25 April 1918 – 7 October 1995) was a French astronomer.
General relativity (GR, also known as the general theory of relativity or GTR) is the geometric theory of gravitation published by Albert Einstein in 1915 and the current description of gravitation in modern physics.
George Ellery Hale (June 29, 1868 – February 21, 1938) was an American solar astronomer, best known for his discovery of magnetic fields in sunspots, and as the leader or key figure in the planning or construction of several world-leading telescopes; namely, the 40-inch refracting telescope at Yerkes Observatory, 60-inch Hale reflecting telescope at Mount Wilson Observatory, 100-inch Hooker reflecting telescope at Mount Wilson, and the 200-inch Hale reflecting telescope at Palomar Observatory.
Georges Henri Joseph Édouard Lemaître, RAS Associate (17 July 1894 – 20 June 1966) was a Belgian Catholic Priest, astronomer and professor of physics at the Catholic University of Leuven.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
Gerty Theresa Cori (née Radnitz; August 15, 1896 – October 26, 1957) was a Jewish Czech-American biochemist who became the third woman—and first American woman—to win a Nobel Prize in science, and the first woman to be awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
The Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society (RAS) is the highest award given by the RAS.
The Great Debate, also called the Shapley–Curtis Debate, was held on 26 April 1920 at the Smithsonian Museum of Natural History, between the astronomers Harlow Shapley and Heber Curtis.
The Hale telescope is a, f/3.3 reflecting telescope at the Palomar Observatory in California, US, named after astronomer George Ellery Hale.
The Hall of Famous Missourians is located in Jefferson City, Missouri.
Harlow Shapley (November 2, 1885 – October 20, 1972) was a 20th-century American scientist, head of the Harvard College Observatory (1921–1952), and political activist during the latter New Deal and Fair Deal.
Harvard University is a private Ivy League research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Henrietta Swan Leavitt (July 4, 1868 – December 12, 1921) was an American astronomer who discovered the relation between the luminosity and the period of Cepheid variable stars.
Hubble is a lunar impact crater that lies very near the east-northeastern limb of the Moon.
The Hubble sequence is a morphological classification scheme for galaxies invented by Edwin Hubble in 1926.
The Hubble Space Telescope (HST) is a space telescope that was launched into low Earth orbit in 1990 and remains in operation.
Hubble's law is the name for the observation in physical cosmology that.
Immanuel Kant (22 April 1724 – 12 February 1804) was a German philosopher who is a central figure in modern philosophy.
The Indiana Basketball Hall of Fame is a sports museum and hall of fame in New Castle, Indiana.
Interstate 44 (I-44) is a major Interstate Highway in the central United States.
John Bardeen (May 23, 1908 – January 30, 1991) was an American physicist and electrical engineer.
Jurisprudence or legal theory is the theoretical study of law, principally by philosophers but, from the twentieth century, also by social scientists.
Kappa Sigma (ΚΣ), commonly known as Kappa Sig, is an American collegiate social fraternity founded at the University of Virginia in 1869.
The Legion of Merit (LOM) is a military award of the United States Armed Forces that is given for exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services and achievements.
Linus Carl Pauling (February 28, 1901 – August 19, 1994) was an American chemist, biochemist, peace activist, author, educator, and husband of American human rights activist Ava Helen Pauling.
Louisville is the largest city in the Commonwealth of Kentucky and the 29th most-populous city in the United States.
In astronomy, luminosity is the total amount of energy emitted per unit of time by a star, galaxy, or other astronomical object.
Mario Livio (born 1945 in Bucharest) is an Israeli-American astrophysicist and an author of works that popularize science and mathematics.
Marshfield is a city in Webster County, Missouri, United States.
Mathematics (from Greek μάθημα máthēma, "knowledge, study, learning") is the study of such topics as quantity, structure, space, and change.
The Milky Way is the galaxy that contains our Solar System.
The Moon is an astronomical body that orbits planet Earth and is Earth's only permanent natural satellite.
The Mount Wilson Observatory (MWO) is an astronomical observatory in Los Angeles County, California, United States.
A National Historic Landmark (NHL) is a building, district, object, site, or structure that is officially recognized by the United States government for its outstanding historical significance.
Nature is a British multidisciplinary scientific journal, first published on 4 November 1869.
A nebula (Latin for "cloud" or "fog"; pl. nebulae, nebulæ, or nebulas) is an interstellar cloud of dust, hydrogen, helium and other ionized gases.
New Albany High School is a public high school located in New Albany, Indiana, United States.
New Albany is a city in Floyd County, Indiana, United States, situated along the Ohio River opposite Louisville, Kentucky.
The Newcomb Cleveland Prize of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) is annually awarded to author(s) of outstanding scientific paper published in the Research Articles or Reports sections of Science.
A Nobel Committee is a working body responsible for most of the work involved in selecting Nobel Prize laureates.
The Nobel Prize in Physics (Nobelpriset i fysik) is a yearly award given by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences for those who conferred the most outstanding contributions for mankind in the field of physics.
Observational cosmology is the study of the structure, the evolution and the origin of the universe through observation, using instruments such as telescopes and cosmic ray detectors.
Palomar Observatory is an astronomical observatory located in San Diego County, California, United States, southeast of Los Angeles, California, in the Palomar Mountain Range.
Pasadena is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States, located 10 miles (16 kilometers) northeast of Downtown Los Angeles.
The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is an American public broadcaster and television program distributor.
In mathematics, a periodic function is a function that repeats its values in regular intervals or periods.
Physics (from knowledge of nature, from φύσις phýsis "nature") is the natural science that studies matterAt the start of The Feynman Lectures on Physics, Richard Feynman offers the atomic hypothesis as the single most prolific scientific concept: "If, in some cataclysm, all scientific knowledge were to be destroyed one sentence what statement would contain the most information in the fewest words? I believe it is that all things are made up of atoms – little particles that move around in perpetual motion, attracting each other when they are a little distance apart, but repelling upon being squeezed into one another..." and its motion and behavior through space and time and that studies the related entities of energy and force."Physical science is that department of knowledge which relates to the order of nature, or, in other words, to the regular succession of events." Physics is one of the most fundamental scientific disciplines, and its main goal is to understand how the universe behaves."Physics is one of the most fundamental of the sciences. Scientists of all disciplines use the ideas of physics, including chemists who study the structure of molecules, paleontologists who try to reconstruct how dinosaurs walked, and climatologists who study how human activities affect the atmosphere and oceans. Physics is also the foundation of all engineering and technology. No engineer could design a flat-screen TV, an interplanetary spacecraft, or even a better mousetrap without first understanding the basic laws of physics. (...) You will come to see physics as a towering achievement of the human intellect in its quest to understand our world and ourselves."Physics is an experimental science. Physicists observe the phenomena of nature and try to find patterns that relate these phenomena.""Physics is the study of your world and the world and universe around you." Physics is one of the oldest academic disciplines and, through its inclusion of astronomy, perhaps the oldest. Over the last two millennia, physics, chemistry, biology, and certain branches of mathematics were a part of natural philosophy, but during the scientific revolution in the 17th century, these natural sciences emerged as unique research endeavors in their own right. Physics intersects with many interdisciplinary areas of research, such as biophysics and quantum chemistry, and the boundaries of physics are not rigidly defined. New ideas in physics often explain the fundamental mechanisms studied by other sciences and suggest new avenues of research in academic disciplines such as mathematics and philosophy. Advances in physics often enable advances in new technologies. For example, advances in the understanding of electromagnetism and nuclear physics led directly to the development of new products that have dramatically transformed modern-day society, such as television, computers, domestic appliances, and nuclear weapons; advances in thermodynamics led to the development of industrialization; and advances in mechanics inspired the development of calculus.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS) is the official scientific journal of the National Academy of Sciences, published since 1915.
Proper length or rest length refers to the length of an object in the object's rest frame.
Recessional velocity is the rate at which an astronomical object is moving away, typically from Earth.
In physics, redshift happens when light or other electromagnetic radiation from an object is increased in wavelength, or shifted to the red end of the spectrum.
The Rhodes Scholarship, named after the Anglo-South African mining magnate and politician Cecil John Rhodes, is an international postgraduate award for students to study at the University of Oxford.
San Marino is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States, incorporated on April 12, 1913 The city is located in the San Rafael Hills.
The shape of the universe is the local and global geometry of the universe.
Shelbyville is a home rule-class city in and the county seat of Shelby County, Kentucky, United States.
Sidney Van den Bergh, OC, FRS (born 20 May 1929 in Wassenaar) is a retired Canadian astronomer.
A star is type of astronomical object consisting of a luminous spheroid of plasma held together by its own gravity.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Queen's College is a constituent college of the University of Oxford, England.
A thesis or dissertation is a document submitted in support of candidature for an academic degree or professional qualification presenting the author's research and findings.
A thrombus, colloquially called a blood clot, is the final product of the blood coagulation step in hemostasis.
The Triangulum Galaxy is a spiral galaxy approximately 3 million light-years (ly) from Earth in the constellation Triangulum.
The United States Army (USA) is the land warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.
The United States Postal Service (USPS; also known as the Post Office, U.S. Mail, or Postal Service) is an independent agency of the United States federal government responsible for providing postal service in the United States, including its insular areas and associated states.
The University of Chicago (UChicago, U of C, or Chicago) is a private, non-profit research university in Chicago, Illinois.
Vesto Melvin Slipher (November 11, 1875 – November 8, 1969) was an American astronomer who performed the first measurements of radial velocities for galaxies, providing the empirical basis for the expansion of the universe.
Victor Stabin (born March 5, 1954) is an American artist, "eco-surrealist" painter, author and illustrator.
WGBH-TV, virtual channel 2 (UHF digital channel 19), is a PBS member television station located in Boston, Massachusetts, United States.
Wheaton is a suburban city in Milton and Winfield Townships and is the county seat of DuPage County, Illinois.
Willem de Sitter (6 May 1872 – 20 November 1934) was a Dutch mathematician, physicist, and astronomer.
William Wilson Morgan (January 3, 1906 – June 21, 1994) was an American astronomer and astrophysicist.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Yerkes Observatory is an astronomical observatory in Williams Bay, Wisconsin operated by the University of Chicago Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics.
1373 Cincinnati, provisional designation, is an asteroid of the outer asteroid belt, approximately 20 kilometers in diameter.
The 1906–07 Chicago Maroons men's basketball team represented the University of Chicago in intercollegiate basketball during the 1906–07 season.
2069 Hubble, provisional designation, is a carbonacous asteroid from the outer region of the asteroid belt, approximately 40 kilometers in diameter.
The 86th Infantry Division was a unit of the United States Army in World War I and World War II.