72 relations: Algae, Altimeter, Aquifer, Arctic ice pack, Arctic Ocean, Atlantic Ocean, Beach, Carbon cycle, Carbon dioxide, Carbon fixation, Carbonate compensation depth, Charles's law, Climate, Climate change, Climate model, Coast, Cyclone, Earth, Ecosystem, Effects of global warming on marine mammals, Erosion, Estuary, Flood, Geomorphology, Glacier, Greenland, Groundwater, Habitat, HadCM3, History of climate change science, Hurricane Sandy, Ice sheet, Index of climate change articles, Indian Ocean, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Meltwater, Methane, Methane clathrate, Mid-Atlantic states, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, North America, Ocean acidification, Ocean current, Pacific Ocean, Pearson Education, Plankton, Polar ice cap, Post-glacial rebound, Saline water, Science (journal), ..., Sea level, Sea level rise, Sea surface temperature, Seabed, Seawater, Sediment, Society, Southern Ocean, Terrigenous sediment, The New York Times, Thermal expansion, Tide, United States, United States Environmental Protection Agency, United States Geological Survey, University of California, Los Angeles, Upland and lowland (freshwater ecology), USA Today, Water, Weather, Wetland, World Ocean. Expand index (22 more) » « Shrink index
Algae (or; singular alga) is an informal term for a large, diverse group of eukaryotes that are not necessarily closely related and are thus polyphyletic.
An altimeter or an altitude meter is an instrument used to measure the altitude of an object above a fixed level.
An aquifer is an underground layer of water-bearing permeable rock, rock fractures or unconsolidated materials (gravel, sand, or silt) from which groundwater can be extracted using a water well.
The Arctic ice pack is the ice cover of the Arctic Ocean and its vicinity.
The Arctic Ocean (also known as the Northern Ocean), located in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Arctic north polar region, is the smallest and shallowest of the world's five major oceanic divisions.
The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest of the world's oceanic divisions, following the Pacific Ocean.
A beach is a landform along the coast of an ocean or sea, or the edge of a lake or river.
The carbon cycle is the biogeochemical cycle by which carbon is exchanged among the biosphere, pedosphere, geosphere, hydrosphere, and atmosphere of the Earth.
Carbon dioxide (chemical formula CO2) is a colorless, odorless gas vital to life on Earth.
Carbon fixation or сarbon assimilation refers to the conversion process of inorganic carbon (carbon dioxide) to organic compounds by living organisms.
Calcite compensation depth (CCD) is the depth in the oceans below which the rate of supply of calcite (calcium carbonate) lags behind the rate of solvation, such that no calcite is preserved.
Charles's law (also known as the law of volumes) is an experimental gas law which describes how gases tend to expand when heated.
Climate is the long-term pattern of weather in a particular area.
Climate change is a change in the statistical distribution of weather patterns when that change lasts for an extended period of time (i.e., decades to millions of years).
Climate models use quantitative methods to simulate the interactions of the important drivers of climate, including atmosphere, oceans, land surface and ice.
A coastline or a seashore is the area where land meets the sea or ocean, or a line that forms the boundary between the land and the ocean or a lake.
In meteorology, a cyclone is an area of closed, circular fluid motion rotating in the same direction as the Earth.
Earth (also the world, in Greek: Gaia, or in Latin: Terra), is the third planet from the Sun, the densest planet in the Solar System, the largest of the Solar System's four terrestrial planets, and the only astronomical object known to accommodate life.
An ecosystem is a community of living organisms in conjunction with the nonliving components of their environment (things like air, water and mineral soil), interacting as a system.
The effects of global warming on marine mammals are of growing concern.
In geomorphology and geology, erosion is the action of exogenicprocesses (such as water flow or wind) which remove soil and rock from one location on the Earth's crust, then transport it to another location where it is deposited.
An estuary is a partly enclosed coastal body of brackish water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea.
A flood is an overflow of water that submerges land which is usually dry.
Geomorphology (from Greek: γῆ, ge, "earth"; μορφή, morfé, "form"; and λόγος, logos, "study") is the scientific study of the origin and evolution of topographic and bathymetric features created by physical or chemical processes operating at or near the earth's surface.
A glacier is a persistent body of dense ice that is constantly moving under its own weight; it forms where the accumulation of snow exceeds its ablation (melting and sublimation) over many years, often centuries.
Greenland (Kalaallit Nunaat; Grønland) is an autonomous country within the Kingdom of Denmark, located between the Arctic and Atlantic Oceans, east of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago.
Groundwater (or ground water) is the water present beneath Earth's surface in soil pore spaces and in the fractures of rock formations.
A habitat is an ecological or environmental area that is inhabited by human, a particular species of animal, plant, or other type of organism.
HadCM3 (abbreviation for Hadley Centre Coupled Model, version 3) is a coupled atmosphere-ocean general circulation model (AOGCM) developed at the Hadley Centre in the United Kingdom.
The history of the scientific discovery of climate change began in the early 19th century when ice ages and other natural changes in paleoclimate were first suspected and the natural greenhouse effect first identified.
Hurricane Sandy (unofficially known as "Superstorm Sandy") was the deadliest and most destructive hurricane of the 2012 Atlantic hurricane season, and the second-costliest hurricane in United States history.
An ice sheet is a mass of glacier ice that covers surrounding terrain and is greater than, thus also known as continental glacier.
This is a list of climate change topics.
The Indian Ocean is the third largest of the world's oceanic divisions, covering approximately 20% of the water on the Earth's surface.
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is a scientific intergovernmental body under the auspices of the United Nations, set up at the request of member governments.
Meltwater is the water released by the melting of snow or ice, including glacial ice, tabular icebergs and ice shelves over oceans.
Methane is a chemical compound with the chemical formula (one atom of carbon and four atoms of hydrogen).
Methane clathrate (CH4·5.75H2O) or (4CH4·23H2O), also called methane hydrate, hydromethane, methane ice, fire ice, natural gas hydrate, or gas hydrate, is a solid clathrate compound (more specifically, a clathrate hydrate) in which a large amount of methane is trapped within a crystal structure of water, forming a solid similar to ice.
The Mid-Atlantic, also called Middle Atlantic states or the Mid-Atlantic states, form a region of the United States of America generally located between New England and the South Atlantic States.
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA, pronounced, like "Noah") is an American scientific agency within the United States Department of Commerce focused on the conditions of the oceans and the atmosphere.
North America is a continent wholly within the Northern Hemisphere and almost wholly within the Western Hemisphere.
Ocean acidification is the ongoing decrease in the pH of the Earth's oceans, caused by the uptake of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.
An ocean current is a continuous, directed movement of seawater generated by forces acting upon this mean flow, such as breaking waves, wind, the Coriolis effect, cabbeling, and temperature and salinity differences, while tides are caused by the gravitational pull of the Sun and Moon.
The Pacific Ocean is the largest of the Earth's oceanic divisions.
Pearson Education is a British-owned education publishing and assessment service to schools and corporations, as well as directly to students.
Plankton (singular plankter) are a diverse group of organisms that live in the water column of large bodies of water and that cannot swim against a current.
A polar ice cap or polar cap is a high-latitude region of a planet, dwarf planet, or natural satellite that is covered in ice.
Post-glacial rebound (sometimes called continental rebound) is the rise of land masses that were depressed by the huge weight of ice sheets during the last glacial period, through a process known as isostatic depression.
Saline water is water that contains a significant concentration of dissolved salts (mainly NaCl) and is commonly known as salt water.
Science, also widely referred to as Science Magazine, is the academic journal of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) and is one of the world's top scientific journals.
Sea level is generally used to refer to mean sea level (MSL), an average level for the surface of one or more of Earth's oceans from which heights such as elevations may be measured.
Sea level rise has been estimated to be on average between +2.6 mm and +2.9 mm per year ± 0.4 mm since 1993.
Sea surface temperature (SST) is the water temperature close to the ocean's surface.
The seabed (also known as the seafloor, sea floor, or ocean floor) is the bottom of the ocean.
Seawater, or salt water, is water from a sea or ocean.
Sediment is a naturally occurring material that is broken down by processes of weathering and erosion, and is subsequently transported by the action of wind, water, or ice, and/or by the force of gravity acting on the particles.
A human society is a group of people involved in persistent social interaction, or a large social grouping sharing the same geographical or social territory, typically subject to the same political authority and dominant cultural expectations.
The Southern Ocean, also known as the Antarctic Ocean or the Austral Ocean, comprises the southernmost waters of the World Ocean, generally taken to be south of 60° S latitude and encircling Antarctica.
In oceanography, terrigenous sediments are those derived from the erosion of rocks on land; that is, they are derived from terrestrial (as opposed to marine) environments.
The New York Times (NYT) is an American daily newspaper, founded and continuously published in New York City since September 18, 1851, by the New York Times Company.
Thermal expansion is the tendency of matter to change in volume in response to a change in temperature, when the body is heated its dimension(size) increase.This increase in dimension is called thermal expansion.
Tides are the rise and fall of sea levels caused by the combined effects of gravitational forces exerted by the Moon, Sun, and rotation of the Earth.
The United States of America (USA), commonly referred to as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major territories and various possessions.
The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA or sometimes USEPA) is an agency of the U.S. federal government which was created for the purpose of protecting human health and the environment by writing and enforcing regulations based on laws passed by Congress.
The United States Geological Survey (USGS, formerly simply Geological Survey) is a scientific agency of the United States government.
The University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) is a public research university located in the Westwood neighborhood of Los Angeles, California, United States.
In studies of the ecology of freshwater rivers, habitats are classified as upland and lowland.
USA Today is a national American daily middle-market newspaper published by the Gannett Company.
Water (chemical formula: H2O) is a transparent fluid which forms the world's streams, lakes, oceans and rain, and is the major constituent of the fluids of organisms.
Weather is the state of the atmosphere, to the degree that it is hot or cold, wet or dry, calm or stormy, clear or cloudy.
A wetland is a land area that is saturated with water, either permanently or seasonally, such that it takes on the characteristics of a distinct ecosystem.
The World Ocean, world ocean, or global ocean, is the interconnected system of Earth's oceanic (or marine) waters, and comprises the bulk of the hydrosphere, covering almost 70% of Earth's surface, with a total volume of 1.332 billion cubic kilometers.