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Efraim Racker (June 28, 1913 – September 9, 1991) was an Austrian biochemist who was responsible for identifying and purifying Factor 1 (F1), the first part of the ATP synthase enzyme to be characterised. [1]

32 relations: American Academy of Arts and Sciences, ATP synthase, Austria, Biochemist, Biochemistry, Centrifuge, Chloroplast, Congress Poland, Cornell University, Glycolysis, Harlem Hospital Center, Heinrich Racker, Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria, Microbiology, Mitochondrion, National Academies Press, National Academy of Sciences, National Medal of Science, New York University School of Medicine, Nowy Sącz, Peter D. Mitchell, Poland, Poliomyelitis, Psychoanalysis, Public Health Research Institute, Redox, Stroke, Syracuse, New York, University of Minnesota, University of Vienna, Vienna, Yale School of Medicine.

American Academy of Arts and Sciences

The American Academy of Arts and Sciences, frequently known as the American Academy, is one of the oldest and most prestigious honorary societies and a leading center for policy research in the United States.

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ATP synthase

ATP synthase is an important enzyme that provides energy for the cell to use through the synthesis of adenosine triphosphate (ATP).

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Austria (Österreich), officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich), is a federal republic and a landlocked country of over 8.5 million people in Central Europe.

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Biochemists are scientists that are trained in biochemistry.

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Biochemistry, sometimes called biological chemistry, is the study of chemical processes within and relating to living organisms.

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A centrifuge is a piece of equipment that puts an object in rotation around a fixed axis (spins it in a circle), applying a potentially strong force perpendicular to the axis of spin (outward).

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Chloroplasts are organelles, specialized subunits, in plant and algal cells.

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Congress Poland

The Kingdom of Poland (Królestwo Polskie; Королевство Польское, Царство Польское, Korolevstvo Polskoye, Tsarstvo Polskoye,, Carstwo Polskie, translation: Tsardom of Poland), informally known as Congress Poland (Królestwo Kongresowe or Russian Poland), created in 1815 by the Congress of Vienna, was a real union of the Russian part of Poland with the Russian Empire.

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Cornell University

Cornell University is an American private Ivy League and federal land-grant research university located in Ithaca, New York.

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Glycolysis (from glycose, an older term for glucose + -lysis degradation) is the metabolic pathway that converts glucose C6H12O6, into pyruvate, CH3COCOO− + H+.

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Harlem Hospital Center

Harlem Hospital Center is a 272-bed public, municipally owned teaching hospital affiliated with Columbia University.

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Heinrich Racker

Heinrich Racker (1910, Poland – 28 January 1961, Buenos Aires) was a Polish Argentine psychoanalyst of Austrian-Jewish origin.

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Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria

The Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria, also known as Austrian Poland, was a crownland of the Habsburg Monarchy since the First Partition of Poland in 1772, when it became a Kingdom under Habsburg rule.

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Microbiology (from Greek μῑκρος, mīkros, "small"; βίος, bios, "life"; and -λογία, -logia) is the study of microscopic organisms, those being unicellular (single cell), multicellular (cell colony), or acellular (lacking cells).

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The mitochondrion (plural mitochondria) is a double membrane-bound organelle found in most eukaryotic cells.

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National Academies Press

The National Academies Press (NAP) was created to publish the reports issued by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, the National Academy of Engineering, the Institute of Medicine, and the National Research Council.

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National Academy of Sciences

The National Academy of Sciences (NAS) is a private non-profit organization in the United States.

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National Medal of Science

The National Medal of Science is an honor bestowed by the President of the United States to individuals in science and engineering who have made important contributions to the advancement of knowledge in the fields of behavioral and social sciences, biology, chemistry, engineering, mathematics and physics.

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New York University School of Medicine

The New York University School of Medicine is one of the graduate schools of New York University.

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Nowy Sącz

Nowy Sącz (known also by other names) is a town in the Lesser Poland Voivodeship in southern Poland.

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Peter D. Mitchell

Peter Dennis Mitchell, FRS (29 September 1920 – 10 April 1992) was a British biochemist who was awarded the 1978 Nobel Prize for Chemistry for his discovery of the chemiosmotic mechanism of ATP synthesis.

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Poland (Polska), officially the Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska), is a country in Central Europe, bordered by Germany to the west; the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south; Ukraine and Belarus to the east; and the Baltic Sea, Kaliningrad Oblast (a Russian exclave) and Lithuania to the north.

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Poliomyelitis, often called polio or infantile paralysis, is an infectious disease caused by the poliovirus.

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Psychoanalysis is a set of psychological and psychotherapeutic theories and associated techniques, created by Austrian physician Sigmund Freud and stemming partly from the clinical work of Josef Breuer and others.

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Public Health Research Institute

The Public Health Research Institute (PHRI) was established in 1942 as an independent not-for-profit research organization affiliated with the New York City Department of Health.

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Redox reactions include all chemical reactions in which atoms have their oxidation state changed; in general, redox reactions involve the transfer of electrons between species.

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Stroke, also known as cerebrovascular accident (CVA), cerebrovascular insult (CVI), or brain attack, is when poor blood flow to the brain results in cell death.

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Syracuse, New York

Syracuse is a city in, and the county seat of, Onondaga County, New York, United States.

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University of Minnesota

The University of Minnesota Twin Cities (Minnesota; locally known as the U of M or simply the U) is a public research university located in Minneapolis and St. Paul, Minnesota.

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University of Vienna

The University of Vienna (Universität Wien) is a public university located in Vienna, Austria.

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Vienna (Wien) is the capital and largest city of Austria, and one of the nine states of Austria.

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Yale School of Medicine

The Yale School of Medicine is the graduate medical school at Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut.

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Efraim_Racker

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