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's-Hertogenbosch (literally "The Duke's Forest" in English, and historically in French: Bois-le-Duc), colloquially known as Den Bosch (literally "The Forest" in English), is a city and municipality in the Southern Netherlands with a population of 152,968.
The A2 motorway is a motorway in the Netherlands.
The A58 motorway is a motorway in the Netherlands.
The A67 motorway is a motorway in the Netherlands.
Aachen or Bad Aachen, French and traditional English: Aix-la-Chapelle, is a spa and border city.
Agriculture is the cultivation of land and breeding of animals and plants to provide food, fiber, medicinal plants and other products to sustain and enhance life.
An airport is an aerodrome with extended facilities, mostly for commercial air transport.
An airstrike or air strike is an offensive operation carried out by attack aircraft.
The Algemeen Dagblad or AD is a Dutch daily newspaper based in Rotterdam, Netherlands.
Alicante, or Alacant, both the Spanish and Valencian being official names, is a city and port in Spain on the Costa Blanca, the capital of the province of Alicante and of the comarca of Alacantí, in the south of the Valencian Community.
Alkmaar is a city and municipality in the Netherlands, located in the province of North Holland.
Founded in 1988, ALTEN is a French multinational technology consulting and engineering company with offices in 20 countries.
Alternative rock (also called alternative music, alt-rock or simply alternative) is a style of rock music that emerged from the independent music underground of the 1980s and became widely popular in the 1990s.
Amsterdam is the capital and most populous municipality of the Netherlands.
Amsterdam Airport Schiphol, known informally as Schiphol (Luchthaven Schiphol), is the main international airport of the Netherlands.
Antalya is the fifth-most populous city in Turkey and the capital of its eponymous province.
Anton Frederik Philips (14 March 1874 – 7 October 1951) co-founded Royal Philips Electronics N.V. in 1912 with his older brother Gerard Philips in Eindhoven, the Netherlands.
Antwerp (Antwerpen, Anvers) is a city in Belgium, and is the capital of Antwerp province in Flanders.
An archaeological open-air museum is a non-profit permanent institution with outdoor true-to-scale architectural reconstructions primarily based on archaeological sources.
Area 51 is a skatepark in the center of Eindhoven, The Netherlands.
An arterial road or arterial thoroughfare is a high-capacity urban road.
Arthur Borren (born 5 June 1949 in Eindhoven) is a Dutch-born former field hockey player from New Zealand who was a member of the New Zealand team that won the gold medal at the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montreal.
Aruba (Papiamento) is an island and a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in the southern Caribbean Sea, located about west of the main part of the Lesser Antilles and north of the coast of Venezuela.
ASML is a Dutch company and currently the largest supplier in the world of photolithography systems for the semiconductor industry.
Asymmetric digital subscriber line (ADSL) is a type of digital subscriber line (DSL) technology, a data communications technology that enables faster data transmission over copper telephone lines than a conventional voiceband modem can provide.
Barcelona is a city in Spain.
Sebastiaan "Bas" Rutten (born 24 February 1965) is a Dutch actor and retired mixed martial artist, kickboxer, and professional wrestler.
Baseball is a bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting and fielding.
The Baseball World Cup was an international tournament in which national baseball teams from around the world competed.
Bayeux is a commune in the Calvados department in Normandy in northwestern France.
Belarus (Беларусь, Biełaruś,; Беларусь, Belarus'), officially the Republic of Belarus (Рэспубліка Беларусь; Республика Беларусь), formerly known by its Russian name Byelorussia or Belorussia (Белоруссия, Byelorussiya), is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe bordered by Russia to the northeast, Ukraine to the south, Poland to the west, and Lithuania and Latvia to the northwest.
The Belgian Revolution (Belgische Revolution) was the conflict which led to the secession of the southern provinces (mainly the former Southern Netherlands) from the United Kingdom of the Netherlands and the establishment of an independent Kingdom of Belgium.
Belgians (Belgen, Belges, Belgier) are people identified with the Kingdom of Belgium, a federal state in Western Europe.
Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg.
Belgrade (Beograd / Београд, meaning "White city",; names in other languages) is the capital and largest city of Serbia.
The Berenkuil (known officially as Insulindeplein) is a traffic circle in the Dutch city of Eindhoven, near the campus of the Eindhoven University of Technology.
Best is a municipality and a village in the southern Netherlands.
Białystok (Bielastok, Balstogė, Belostok, Byalistok) is the largest city in northeastern Poland and the capital of the Podlaskie Voivodeship.
Biomedical engineering (BME) is the application of engineering principles and design concepts to medicine and biology for healthcare purposes (e.g. diagnostic or therapeutic).
Biomedical sciences are a set of applied sciences applying portions of natural science or formal science, or both, to knowledge, interventions, or technology that are of use in healthcare or public health.
Biomedical technology broadly refers to the application of engineering and technology principles to the domain of living or biological systems.
BMX, an abbreviation for bicycle motocross or bike motocross, is a cycle sport performed on BMX bikes, either in competitive BMX racing or freestyle BMX, or else in general on- or off-road recreation.
Bodrum is a district and a port city in Muğla Province, in the southwestern Aegean Region of Turkey.
Bordeaux (Gascon Occitan: Bordèu) is a port city on the Garonne in the Gironde department in Southwestern France.
A borough is an administrative division in various English-speaking countries.
Bouldering is a form of rock climbing that is performed on small rock formations or artificial rock walls, known as boulders, without the use of ropes or harnesses.
A bowling alley (or bowling center) is a facility where the sport of bowling, often ten-pin bowling, is played.
Boxing is a combat sport in which two people, usually wearing protective gloves, throw punches at each other for a predetermined set of time in a boxing ring.
Brabantia is a privately owned Dutch company which manufactures items for the home such as waste bins, laundry racks, food storage containers and other products.
Brabantian or Brabantish, also Brabantic (Brabants, Standard Dutch pronunciation:, Brabantian), is a dialect group of the Dutch language.
Brabantse Stedenrij (Brabantine City Row) is a polycentric city region in the province of North Brabant, Netherlands.
BrabantStad is a partnership between the municipalities of Breda, Eindhoven, Helmond, 's-Hertogenbosch and Tilburg and the province of North Brabant.
Breda is a city and municipality in the southern part of the Netherlands, located in the province of North Brabant.
The British people, or the Britons, are the citizens of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the British Overseas Territories, and the Crown dependencies.
Brno (Brünn) is the second largest city in the Czech Republic by population and area, the largest Moravian city, and the historical capital city of the Margraviate of Moravia.
Budapest is the capital and the most populous city of Hungary, and one of the largest cities in the European Union.
Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.
In the Netherlands and Belgium, the mayor (burgemeester or bourgmestre) is an appointed government position, whose main responsibility is chairing the executive and legislative councils of a municipality.
Bus rapid transit (BRT, BRTS, busway, transitway) is a bus-based public transport system designed to improve capacity and reliability relative to a conventional bus system.
Cable television is a system of delivering television programming to paying subscribers via radio frequency (RF) signals transmitted through coaxial cables, or in more recent systems, light pulses through fiber-optic cables.
Calvinism (also called the Reformed tradition, Reformed Christianity, Reformed Protestantism, or the Reformed faith) is a major branch of Protestantism that follows the theological tradition and forms of Christian practice of John Calvin and other Reformation-era theologians.
The Campine (French) or De Kempen (Dutch) is a natural region situated chiefly in north-eastern Belgium and parts of the south-eastern Netherlands which once consisted mainly of extensive moors, tracts of sandy heath, and wetlands.
A car (or automobile) is a wheeled motor vehicle used for transportation.
Carnival (see other spellings and names) is a Western Christian and Greek Orthodox festive season that occurs before the liturgical season of Lent.
Carnival (Carnaval; also called "vastenavond" – eve of the fasting or "vastelaovend") is a festival held throughout the Netherlands, mainly in the Southern regions, with an emphasis on role-reversal and suspension of social norms.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
Central European Summer Time (CEST), sometime referred also as Central European Daylight Time (CEDT), is the standard clock time observed during the period of summer daylight-saving in those European countries which observe Central European Time (UTC+1) during the other part of the year.
Central European Time (CET), used in most parts of Europe and a few North African countries, is a standard time which is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC).
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
Chinandega is a city and the departmental seat of Chinandega department (4,822.42 km2) in Nicaragua.
Chinese people are the various individuals or ethnic groups associated with China, usually through ancestry, ethnicity, nationality, citizenship or other affiliation.
The Christian Democratic Appeal (Christen-Democratisch Appèl,; CDA) is a Christian-democratic political party in the Netherlands.
The Christian Union (ChristenUnie, CU) is a Christian democratic political party in the Netherlands.
Christijan Albers (born 16 April 1979 in Eindhoven) is a Dutch professional racing driver.
A church building or church house, often simply called a church, is a building used for Christian religious activities, particularly for worship services.
A cigar is a rolled bundle of dried and fermented tobacco leaves made to be smoked.
A city council, town council, town board, or board of aldermen is the legislative body that governs a city, town, municipality, or local government area.
City region is a term in use since about 1950 by urbanists, economists and urban planners to mean a metropolitan area and hinterland, often having a shared administration.
City rights are a feature of the medieval history of the Low Countries.
Claes Oldenburg (born January 28, 1929) is an American sculptor, best known for his public art installations typically featuring large replicas of everyday objects.
Classical music is art music produced or rooted in the traditions of Western culture, including both liturgical (religious) and secular music.
Cluj-Napoca (Klausenburg; Kolozsvár,; Medieval Latin: Castrum Clus, Claudiopolis; and קלויזנבורג, Kloiznburg), commonly known as Cluj, is the fourth most populous city in Romania, and the seat of Cluj County in the northwestern part of the country.
A coalition government is a cabinet of a parliamentary government in which many or multiple political parties cooperate, reducing the dominance of any one party within that "coalition".
The college van burgemeester en wethouders (abbreviated as college van B&W or simply B&W) is the executive board of a municipality in the Netherlands.
In geography, a confluence (also: conflux) occurs where two or more flowing bodies of water join together to form a single channel.
The Constitution for the Kingdom of the Netherlands (Grondwet voor het Koninkrijk der Nederlanden) is one of two fundamental documents governing the Kingdom of the Netherlands as well as the fundamental law of the European territory of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
Contemporary art is the art of today, produced in the late 20th century or in the 21st century.
A convention center (American English; conference centre outside the USA) is a large building that is designed to hold a convention, where individuals and groups gather to promote and share common interests.
Coosje van Bruggen (June 6, 1942 – January 10, 2009) was a sculptor, art historian, and critic.
Cornelis Petrus Maria Dillen (9 August 1920 – 19 October 2009) was a wealthy Dutch businessman, the director of Philips in South America.
Cornelis ("Cor") Wilhelmus Pieter Vriend (born 8 November 1949) is a former long-distance runner from the Netherlands, who mainly competed in the marathon.
Corfu or Kerkyra (translit,; translit,; Corcyra; Corfù) is a Greek island in the Ionian Sea.
A country is a region that is identified as a distinct national entity in political geography.
There are several methods for measuring the prevalence of crime.
Cultural heritage is the legacy of physical artifacts and intangible attributes of a group or society that are inherited from past generations, maintained in the present and preserved for the benefit of future generations.
Culture is the social behavior and norms found in human societies.
Cycling is a common mode of transport in the Netherlands, with 36% of the people listing the bicycle as their most frequent mode of transport on a typical day as opposed to the car by 45% and public transport by 11%.
Cycling infrastructure refers to all infrastructure which may be used by cyclists.
Daan Roosegaarde (born 1979) is a Dutch artist and founder of Studio Roosegaarde, which develops projects that merge technology and art in urban environments.
DAF Trucks NV is a Dutch truck manufacturing company and a division of Paccar.
Dalaman is a district, as well as the central town of that district, situated on the southwestern coast of Turkey, in the Muğla Province.
The de Havilland DH.98 Mosquito is a British twin-engine shoulder-winged multi-role combat aircraft.
On 6 October 1995, fifteen-year-old Nicole van den Hurk disappeared on her way to work in Eindhoven, in the Dutch province of North Brabant.
Debrecen is Hungary's second largest city after Budapest.
A defensive wall is a fortification usually used to protect a city, town or other settlement from potential aggressors.
Delft is a city and municipality in the province of South Holland, Netherlands.
Democrats 66 (Democraten 66, D66,; officially Politieke Partij Democraten 66) is a social-liberal political party in the Netherlands.
Design is the creation of a plan or convention for the construction of an object, system or measurable human interaction (as in architectural blueprints, engineering drawings, business processes, circuit diagrams, and sewing patterns).
Design Academy Eindhoven is an interdisciplinary educational institute for art, architecture and design in Eindhoven, Netherlands.
The Dommel is a small river in Belgium and the Netherlands, left tributary of the Dieze.
Dublin is the capital of and largest city in Ireland.
Duisburg (locally) is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Dutch Design Week (also known as DDW) is an annual event about Dutch design, hosted in Eindhoven, Netherlands.
The Dutch language is a West Germanic language, spoken by around 23 million people as a first language (including the population of the Netherlands where it is the official language, and about sixty percent of Belgium where it is one of the three official languages) and by another 5 million as a second language.
The Dutch Revolt (1568–1648)This article adopts 1568 as the starting date of the war, as this was the year of the first battles between armies.
East Brabantian (Oost Noord-Brabants or Oost Brabants) is one of the main divisions of the Brabantian dialect groups which the Woordenboek van de Brabantse Dialecten recognizes.
Eastern Europe is the eastern part of the European continent.
Ecology (from οἶκος, "house", or "environment"; -λογία, "study of") is the branch of biology which studies the interactions among organisms and their environment.
An economy (from Greek οίκος – "household" and νέμoμαι – "manage") is an area of the production, distribution, or trade, and consumption of goods and services by different agents.
Education is the process of facilitating learning, or the acquisition of knowledge, skills, values, beliefs, and habits.
Eersel is a municipality and a town in southern Netherlands in the province of North Brabant.
The Eerste Divisie (.
The Eerste Divisie was the second level ice hockey league in the Netherlands underneath the professional Eredivisie league.
The Effenaar is a pop music venue in Eindhoven, Netherlands.
Eindhoven Airport is an airport located west of Eindhoven, Netherlands.
Eindhoven Kemphanen is the professional ice hockey team of Eindhoven, The Netherlands.
The Eindhoven Marathon (Dutch: Marathon Eindhoven) is an annual marathon race over the classic distance of 42.195km which is held in the city of Eindhoven, The Netherlands in October.
The Eindhoven Museum is an archaeological open-air museum in Eindhoven, Netherlands, focusing on the Iron Age and Middle Ages in the province of North Brabant.
Eindhoven is a railway station located in Eindhoven, Netherlands.
Eindhoven Strijp-S is a railway station located in northwestern Eindhoven, Netherlands at the Strijp-S creative and residential district built on the former Philips factory complex.
The UCI ProTour Eindhoven Team Time Trial was an annual road bicycle race held in Eindhoven, Netherlands.
The Eindhoven University of Technology (Technische Universiteit Eindhoven, abbr. TU/e) is a university of technology in Eindhoven, Netherlands.
Eindhovens Dagblad is a daily Dutch newspaper based in the city of Eindhoven.
The Eindhovensch Kanaal (or Eindhovens Kanaal; Engl: Eindhoven Channel) is a channel in the Dutch province of North-Brabant.
El-Gadarif (القضارف), also spelt Gedaref or Gedarif, is the capital of the state of Al Qadarif in Sudan.
An electric light is a device that produces visible light from electric current.
Electronics is the discipline dealing with the development and application of devices and systems involving the flow of electrons in a vacuum, in gaseous media, and in semiconductors.
The Emfuleni Local Municipality is one of three local municipalities comprising the Sedibeng District in Gauteng, South Africa.
Employment is a relationship between two parties, usually based on a contract where work is paid for, where one party, which may be a corporation, for profit, not-for-profit organization, co-operative or other entity is the employer and the other is the employee.
Enkhuizen is a municipality and a city in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland and the region of West-Frisia.
The Eredivisie ("Honour Division" or "Premier Division") is the highest echelon of professional football in the Netherlands.
The Euro Hockey League is an annual men's field hockey cup competition organised by the EHF for the very top hockey clubs in Europe.
The European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT) is the research and development agency of the European Union, headquartered in Budapest, Hungary.
European route E 25 is a north-south European route from Hoek van Holland in the Netherlands to Palermo in Italy which includes ferry crossings from Genoa to Bastia (Corsica), from Bonifacio to Porto Torres (Sardinia) and from Cagliari to Palermo (Sicily).
The European route E 34 is a road in Europe and a part of the United Nations International E-road network.
The Evoluon is a conference centre and former science museum erected by the electronics and electrical company Philips at Eindhoven in the Netherlands in 1966.
A fair (archaic: faire or fayre), also known as funfair, is a gathering of people for a variety of entertainment or commercial activities.
In sports, a farm team, farm system, feeder team, practice squad, or nursery club, is generally a team or club whose role is to provide experience and training for young players, with an agreement that any successful players can move on to a higher level at a given point.
Faro is a municipality and bishopric, the southernmost city and seat of the district of the same name, in the Algarve region of southern Portugal.
FC Eindhoven is a Dutch football club based in Eindhoven, North Brabant.
FEI Company (Field Electron and Ion Company, FEI) is an American company that designs, manufactures, and supports microscope technology.
Fontys University of Applied Sciences is a Dutch university of applied sciences with over 44.000 students in several campuses located in the southern Netherlands.
A forest is a large area dominated by trees.
François Henricus van Kruisdijk (25 May 1952 – 5 November 2007) was a Dutch swimmer.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
Frederik Jacques "Frits" Philips (16 April 1905 – 5 December 2005) was the fourth chairman of the board of directors of the Dutch electronics company Philips, which his uncle and father founded.
Gdańsk (Danzig) is a Polish city on the Baltic coast.
Geldrop is a town in the Dutch province of North Brabant.
Geldrop-Mierlo is a municipality in the southern Netherlands, in the province of North Brabant.
The Gender is a stream in the Dutch province of North Brabant.
Gerard Leonard Frederik Philips (9 October 1858 – 26 January 1942) was a Dutch industrialist and co-founder, with his father Frederik Philips, of Philips as a family business in 1891.
Germans (Deutsche) are a Germanic ethnic group native to Central Europe, who share a common German ancestry, culture and history.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
Gestel en Blaarthem (often shortened to Gestel) is an area of the municipality of Eindhoven, Netherlands.
Gestel is a borough in the southwestern part of the city of Eindhoven, Netherlands.
Glasgow (Glesga; Glaschu) is the largest city in Scotland, and third most populous in the United Kingdom.
The GLOW is a light and color festival held every autumn in the Dutch city Eindhoven.
Graffiti (plural of graffito: "a graffito", but "these graffiti") are writing or drawings that have been scribbled, scratched, or painted, typically illicitly, on a wall or other surface, often within public view.
Gran Canaria (whose original name Canaria was due to the Canarii inhabitants, was later given the epithet of "great". It is the third island in size of the Canary Islands, an African archipelago which is part of Spain, with a population of (in 2015) that constitutes approximately 40% of the population of the archipelago. Located in the Atlantic Ocean about off the northwestern coast of Africa and about from Europe. With an area of km2 (sq. mi) and an altitude of at the Pico de las Nieves, Gran Canaria is the third largest island of the archipelago in both area and altitude. Gran Canaria was populated by the Canarii, who may have arrived as early as 500 BC. The Canarii called the island Tamarán or Land of the Brave. After over a century of European incursions and attempts at conquest, the island was conquered on April 29, 1483, after a campaign that lasted five years, by the Crown of Castile, with the support of Queen Isabella I, a conquest which turned out to be an important step towards the expansion of the unified Spain. The capital city of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria was founded on June 24, 1478, under the name "Real de Las Palmas", by Juan Rejón, head of the invading Castilian army. In 1492, Christopher Columbus anchored in the Port of Las Palmas (and spent some time on the island) on his first trip to the Americas. Las Palmas de Gran Canaria is, jointly with Santa Cruz de Tenerife, the capital of the autonomous community of the Canary Islands.
GroenLinks (GreenLeft, GrienLinks, GL) is a green political party in the Netherlands.
Guelders or Gueldres (Gelre, Geldern) is a historical county, later duchy of the Holy Roman Empire, located in the Low Countries.
Gumi (Hangul: 구미) is the second largest city in Gyeongsangbuk-do, South Korea.
A hat is a head covering which is worn for various reasons, including protection against weather conditions, ceremonial reasons such as university graduation, religious reasons, safety, or as a fashion accessory.
HC Oranje-Rood is a Dutch field hockey club located in Eindhoven, Noord-Brabant.
Health care or healthcare is the maintenance or improvement of health via the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of disease, illness, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in human beings.
A heath is a shrubland habitat found mainly on free-draining infertile, acidic soils and is characterised by open, low-growing woody vegetation.
The hectare (SI symbol: ha) is an SI accepted metric system unit of area equal to a square with 100 meter sides, or 10,000 m2, and is primarily used in the measurement of land.
Heerlen (Heële) is a city and a municipality in the southeast of the Netherlands.
Heeze-Leende is a municipality in the southern Netherlands, near Eindhoven.
Helmond (called Héllemond in the local dialect) is a municipality and a city in the Metropoolregio Eindhoven of the province of North Brabant in the southern Netherlands.
Henry I of Brabant (Henri I de Brabant, Hendrik I van Brabant; 1165 – 5 September 1235), named "The Courageous", was a member of the House of Reginar and first Duke of Brabant from 1183/84 until his death.
High technology, often abbreviated to high tech (adjective forms high-technology, high-tech or hi-tech) is technology that is at the cutting edge: the most advanced technology available.
The High Tech Campus Eindhoven is a high tech center and R&D ecosystem on the Southern edge of the Dutch city of Eindhoven.
A high-rise building is a tall building, as opposed to a low-rise building and is defined by its height differently in various jurisdictions.
Hinduism is an Indian religion and dharma, or a way of life, widely practised in the Indian subcontinent.
Eindhoven is a municipality and a city located in the province of Noord-Brabant in the south of the Netherlands, originally at the confluence of the Dommel and Gender brooks.
Homesourcing also known as homeshoring is "the transfer of service industry employment from offices to home-based employees with appropriate telephone and Internet facilities".
A housing development is a structured real estate development of residential buildings.
The Hovenring is a suspended cycle path roundabout in the province of North Brabant in the Netherlands and the first of its kind in the world.
Hugo Brandt Corstius (29 August 1935 – 28 February 2014) was a Dutch author, known for his achievements in both literature and science.
Iași (also referred to as Jassy or Iassy) is the second-largest city in Romania, after the national capital Bucharest, and the seat of Iași County.
Ice hockey is a contact team sport played on ice, usually in a rink, in which two teams of skaters use their sticks to shoot a vulcanized rubber puck into their opponent's net to score points.
Iceland Express was a low-fare airline headquartered in Reykjavík, Iceland, that is now operated by WOW air.
Imke Anne Marian Schellekens-Bartels (born 15 March 1977 in Eindhoven) is an equestrian from the Netherlands, who competed at the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens, Greece.
An incandescent light bulb, incandescent lamp or incandescent light globe is an electric light with a wire filament heated to such a high temperature that it glows with visible light (incandescence).
Income is the consumption and savings opportunity gained by an entity within a specified timeframe, which is generally expressed in monetary terms.
The Indo people or Indos are Eurasian people, descendants of various indigenous peoples of Indonesia and Dutch settlers. Indos are associated with colonial culture of the former Dutch East Indies, a Dutch colony in Southeast Asia and a predecessor to modern Indonesia after its proclamation of independence shortly after World War II. It was used to describe people acknowledged to be of mixed Dutch and Indonesian descent, or it was a term used in the Dutch East Indies to apply to Europeans who had partial Asian ancestry. "Indos–people of Dutch descent who stayed in the new republic Indonesia after it gained independence, or who emigrated to Indonesia after 1949–are called Dutch-Indonesians. Although the majority of the Indos are found in the lowest strata of European society, they do not represent a solid social or economic group." The European ancestry of these people was predominantly Dutch, but also included Portuguese, British, French, Belgian, German, and others. Other terms used were Indos, Dutch Indonesians, Eurasians, Indo-Europeans, Indo-Dutch, and Dutch-Indos.
The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840.
Information technology (IT) is the use of computers to store, retrieve, transmit, and manipulate data, or information, often in the context of a business or other enterprise.
The Inkijkmuseum (lit. trans. Look-in museum) is an originally themed "micro museum" in the Dutch city of Eindhoven.
Innovation can be defined simply as a "new idea, device or method".
Innsbruck is the capital city of Tyrol in western Austria and the fifth-largest city in Austria.
The Intelligent Community Forum (ICF), a non-profit policy research organization, focuses on job creation and economic development in the broadband economy.
An international school is a school that promotes international education, in an international environment, either by adopting a curriculum such as that of the International Baccalaureate, Edexcel or Cambridge International Examinations, or by following a national curriculum different from that of the school's country of residence.
The International School Eindhoven (ISE), formerly the International Secondary School of Eindhoven (ISSE), is an international school situated in the northern part of Eindhoven.
The Iron Age is the final epoch of the three-age system, preceded by the Stone Age (Neolithic) and the Bronze Age.
Irreligion (adjective form: non-religious or irreligious) is the absence, indifference, rejection of, or hostility towards religion.
IslamThere are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster).
Jan Joachim Borren (born 27 September 1947 in Eindhoven) is a former field hockey player from New Zealand, who was a member of the national teams competing at the 1968 Summer Olympics in Montreal and the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich.
Jan de Bont (born 22 October 1943) is a former Dutch cinematographer, director and film producer.
Johan Frederik Rudolph "Jan" van Hooff (26 August 1755 – 13 June 1816 in Utrecht) was a Dutch Patriot politician and statesman.
John Jorritsma (born 1956 in Bolsward) is a Dutch politician.
Katowice (Katowicy; Kattowitz; officially Miasto Katowice) is a city in southern Poland, with a population of 297,197 and the center of the Silesian Metropolis, with a population of 2.2 million.
Kaunas (also see other names) is the second-largest city in Lithuania and the historical centre of Lithuanian economic, academic, and cultural life.
Cornelis "Kees" Bol (September 21, 1916 – September 16, 2009) was a Dutch painter and art educator.
Kees Verkade (born 1941 in Haarlem) is a Dutch artist and sculptor.
Kiev or Kyiv (Kyiv; Kiyev; Kyjev) is the capital and largest city of Ukraine, located in the north central part of the country on the Dnieper.
The Kingdom of the Netherlands (Koninkrijk der Nederlanden), commonly known as the Netherlands, is a sovereign state and constitutional monarchy with the large majority of its territory in Western Europe and with several small island territories in the Caribbean Sea, in the West Indies islands (Leeward Islands and Lesser Antilles).
Klaas-Erik Zwering (born 19 May 1981 in Eindhoven, North Brabant) is a former Dutch swimmer and an Olympic medalist.
The knowledge economy is the use of knowledge (savoir, savoir-faire, savoir-être) to generate tangible and intangible values.
Koningsdag or King's Day is a national holiday in the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
The Labour Party (Partij van de Arbeid,, abbreviated as PvdA, or P van de A) is a social-democratic political party in the Netherlands.
A leasehold estate is an ownership of a temporary right to hold land or property in which a lessee or a tenant holds rights of real property by some form of title from a lessor or landlord.
Leendert "Leen" Verbeek (born 5 March 1954) is a Dutch politician of the Labour Party (PvdA) currently serving as the King's Commissioner of Flevoland.
A legislative council is the name given to the legislature, or one of the legislative chambers of a nation, colony, or subnational division such as a province or state; or, in the United States, a council within a legislature which supervises nonpartisan legislative support staff.
Lenny Kuhr (born 22 February 1950 in Eindhoven) is a Dutch singer-songwriter.
Leuven or Louvain (Louvain,; Löwen) is the capital of the province of Flemish Brabant in Belgium.
Liège (Lidje; Luik,; Lüttich) is a major Walloon city and municipality and the capital of the Belgian province of Liège. The city is situated in the valley of the Meuse, in the east of Belgium, not far from borders with the Netherlands (Maastricht is about to the north) and with Germany (Aachen is about north-east). At Liège, the Meuse meets the River Ourthe. The city is part of the sillon industriel, the former industrial backbone of Wallonia. It still is the principal economic and cultural centre of the region. The Liège municipality (i.e. the city proper) includes the former communes of Angleur, Bressoux, Chênée, Glain, Grivegnée, Jupille-sur-Meuse, Rocourt, and Wandre. In November 2012, Liège had 198,280 inhabitants. The metropolitan area, including the outer commuter zone, covers an area of 1,879 km2 (725 sq mi) and had a total population of 749,110 on 1 January 2008. Population of all municipalities in Belgium on 1 January 2008. Retrieved on 2008-10-19. Definitions of metropolitan areas in Belgium. The metropolitan area of Liège is divided into three levels. First, the central agglomeration (agglomeratie) with 480,513 inhabitants (2008-01-01). Adding the closest surroundings (banlieue) gives a total of 641,591. And, including the outer commuter zone (forensenwoonzone) the population is 810,983. Retrieved on 2008-10-19. This includes a total of 52 municipalities, among others, Herstal and Seraing. Liège ranks as the third most populous urban area in Belgium, after Brussels and Antwerp, and the fourth municipality after Antwerp, Ghent and Charleroi.
A library is a collection of sources of information and similar resources, made accessible to a defined community for reference or borrowing.
The Lichtjesroute ("Route of Lights") is a festival held every autumn in Eindhoven, in the southern Netherlands.
Light art or luminism is an applied art form in which light is the main medium of expression.
A light-emitting diode (LED) is a two-lead semiconductor light source.
Lighting or illumination is the deliberate use of light to achieve a practical or aesthetic effect.
Limburg (Dutch and Limburgish: (Nederlands-)Limburg; Limbourg) is the southernmost of the 12 provinces of the Netherlands.
Linen is a textile made from the fibers of the flax plant.
Below are twelve alphabetical lists of cities in the Netherlands ordered by province.
The Dutch football champions are the winners of the highest league in Dutch football, which since 1956 is the Eredivisie.
These are the Netherlands' motorways by their national number, listed with the most important towns at or near the roads.
As of January 2018, there are 380 municipalities (Dutch: gemeenten) and 3 public bodies (openbare lichamen), also referred to as special municipalities (bijzondere gemeenten), in the Netherlands.
Livable Eindhoven ('Leefbaar Eindhoven') is a Dutch local political party for the municipality of Eindhoven.
London Stansted Airport is an international airport located at Stansted Mountfitchet in the district of Uttlesford in Essex, northeast of Central London and from the Hertfordshire border.
Lonneke Engel is a Dutch fashion model and entrepreneur.
Luxembourg (Lëtzebuerg; Luxembourg, Luxemburg), officially the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, is a landlocked country in western Europe.
Maastricht (Limburgish: Mestreech; French: Maestricht; Spanish: Mastrique) is a city and a municipality in the southeast of the Netherlands.
Maastricht University (abbreviated as UM; Universiteit Maastricht) is a public university in Maastricht, Netherlands.
Madrid is the capital of Spain and the largest municipality in both the Community of Madrid and Spain as a whole.
Mallorca, or Majorca, is the largest island in the Balearic Islands, which are part of Spain and located in the Mediterranean.
Malta, officially known as the Republic of Malta (Repubblika ta' Malta), is a Southern European island country consisting of an archipelago in the Mediterranean Sea.
Marc Zakharovich Chagall (born Moishe Zakharovich Shagal; 28 March 1985) was a Russian-French artist of Belarusian Jewish origin.
Margje Josepha Teeuwen (born 21 May 1974 in Eindhoven, North Brabant) is a field hockey midfielder from the Netherlands, who played 145 international matches for the Dutch National Women's Team, in which she scored fifteen goals.
The market square (or sometimes, the market place) is a feature of many European and colonial towns.
Marseille (Provençal: Marselha), is the second-largest city of France and the largest city of the Provence historical region.
The mass media is a diversified collection of media technologies that reach a large audience via mass communication.
A match is a tool for starting a fire.
Málaga is a municipality, capital of the Province of Málaga, in the Autonomous Community of Andalusia, Spain.
Máxima Medisch Centrum (English: Maxima Medical Centre) is a teaching hospital in the Netherlands, on two locations, in Veldhoven and Eindhoven.
Meerhoven is a city quarter in the Dutch city of Eindhoven.
The Meierij van 's-Hertogenbosch (Dutch for Bailiwick of Bois-le-Duc) was one of the four parts of the duchy of Brabant, the others being the margraviate of Antwerp, the county of Brussels, and the county of Leuven/Louvain.
A metropolitan area, sometimes referred to as a metro area or commuter belt, is a region consisting of a densely populated urban core and its less-populated surrounding territories, sharing industry, infrastructure, and housing.
The Metropoolregio Eindhoven (MRE; italics), until 1 January 2014 the Samenwerkingsverband Regio Eindhoven (SRE; italics) is a regional governmental agency for the city region of Eindhoven, Netherlands.
In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.
Milan (Milano; Milan) is a city in northern Italy, capital of Lombardy, and the second-most populous city in Italy after Rome, with the city proper having a population of 1,380,873 while its province-level municipality has a population of 3,235,000.
A minority group refers to a category of people differentiated from the social majority, those who hold on to major positions of social power in a society.
Minsk (Мінск,; Минск) is the capital and largest city of Belarus, situated on the Svislach and the Nyamiha Rivers.
A moat is a deep, broad ditch, either dry or filled with water, that is dug and surrounds a castle, fortification, building or town, historically to provide it with a preliminary line of defence.
Modern art includes artistic work produced during the period extending roughly from the 1860s to the 1970s, and denotes the styles and philosophy of the art produced during that era.
The monarchy of the Netherlands is constitutional and as such, the role and position of the monarch are defined and limited by the Constitution of the Netherlands.
Morocco (officially known as the Kingdom of Morocco, is a unitary sovereign state located in the Maghreb region of North Africa. It is one of the native homelands of the indigenous Berber people. Geographically, Morocco is characterised by a rugged mountainous interior, large tracts of desert and a lengthy coastline along the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea. Morocco has a population of over 33.8 million and an area of. Its capital is Rabat, and the largest city is Casablanca. Other major cities include Marrakesh, Tangier, Salé, Fes, Meknes and Oujda. A historically prominent regional power, Morocco has a history of independence not shared by its neighbours. Since the foundation of the first Moroccan state by Idris I in 788 AD, the country has been ruled by a series of independent dynasties, reaching its zenith under the Almoravid dynasty and Almohad dynasty, spanning parts of Iberia and northwestern Africa. The Marinid and Saadi dynasties continued the struggle against foreign domination, and Morocco remained the only North African country to avoid Ottoman occupation. The Alaouite dynasty, the current ruling dynasty, seized power in 1631. In 1912, Morocco was divided into French and Spanish protectorates, with an international zone in Tangier, and regained its independence in 1956. Moroccan culture is a blend of Berber, Arab, West African and European influences. Morocco claims the non-self-governing territory of Western Sahara, formerly Spanish Sahara, as its Southern Provinces. After Spain agreed to decolonise the territory to Morocco and Mauritania in 1975, a guerrilla war arose with local forces. Mauritania relinquished its claim in 1979, and the war lasted until a cease-fire in 1991. Morocco currently occupies two thirds of the territory, and peace processes have thus far failed to break the political deadlock. Morocco is a constitutional monarchy with an elected parliament. The King of Morocco holds vast executive and legislative powers, especially over the military, foreign policy and religious affairs. Executive power is exercised by the government, while legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of parliament, the Assembly of Representatives and the Assembly of Councillors. The king can issue decrees called dahirs, which have the force of law. He can also dissolve the parliament after consulting the Prime Minister and the president of the constitutional court. Morocco's predominant religion is Islam, and the official languages are Arabic and Berber, with Berber being the native language of Morocco before the Arab conquest in the 600s AD. The Moroccan dialect of Arabic, referred to as Darija, and French are also widely spoken. Morocco is a member of the Arab League, the Union for the Mediterranean and the African Union. It has the fifth largest economy of Africa.
A mosque (from masjid) is a place of worship for Muslims.
A movie theater/theatre (American English), cinema (British English) or cinema hall (Indian English) is a building that contains an auditorium for viewing films (also called movies) for entertainment.
Multiculturalism is a term with a range of meanings in the contexts of sociology, political philosophy, and in colloquial use.
Munich (München; Minga) is the capital and the most populated city in the German state of Bavaria, on the banks of the River Isar north of the Bavarian Alps.
In the Netherlands the municipal council (Dutch: gemeenteraad) is the elected assembly of the municipality.
A municipality is usually a single urban or administrative division having corporate status and powers of self-government or jurisdiction as granted by national and state laws to which it is subordinate.
A music festival is a community event oriented towards live performances of singing and instrument playing that is often presented with a theme such as musical genre (e.g., blues, folk, jazz, classical music), nationality, or locality of musicians, or holiday.
Nanjing, formerly romanized as Nanking and Nankin, is the capital of Jiangsu province of the People's Republic of China and the second largest city in the East China region, with an administrative area of and a total population of 8,270,500.
A national day is a designated date on which celebrations mark the nationhood of a nation or non-sovereign country.
The Nederlandse Omroep Stichting (abbr. NOS), English: Dutch Broadcast Foundation, is one of the broadcasting organizations making up the Netherlands Public Broadcasting system.
Neerpelt is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Limburg.
The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.
The Netherlands Antilles (Nederlandse Antillen,; Papiamentu: Antia Hulandes) was a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
Nederlandse Organisatie voor Toegepast Natuurwetenschappelijk Onderzoek (TNO; Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research) is an independent research organisation in the Netherlands that focuses on applied science.
A newspaper is a periodical publication containing written information about current events.
Nicaragua, officially the Republic of Nicaragua, is the largest country in the Central American isthmus, bordered by Honduras to the north, the Caribbean to the east, Costa Rica to the south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
Nijmegen (Nijmeegs: Nimwegen), historically anglicized as Nimeguen, is a municipality and a city in the Dutch province of Gelderland.
North Brabant (Noord-Brabant), also unofficially called Brabant, is a province in the south of the Netherlands.
The North Sea Cup was a short-lived hockey league that temporarily succeeded the Dutch Eredivisie from 2010-2012.
NRC Handelsblad, often abbreviated to NRC, is a daily evening newspaper published in the Netherlands by NRC Media.
Nuenen is a town in the municipality of Nuenen, Gerwen en Nederwetten in the Netherlands.
Nuenen, Gerwen en Nederwetten is a municipality consisting of the larger village of Nuenen and two adjacent smaller ones.
NXP Semiconductors N.V. is a Dutch global semiconductor manufacturer headquartered in Eindhoven, Netherlands.
An oceanic or highland climate, also known as a marine or maritime climate, is the Köppen classification of climate typical of west coasts in higher middle latitudes of continents, and generally features cool summers (relative to their latitude) and cool winters, with a relatively narrow annual temperature range and few extremes of temperature, with the exception for transitional areas to continental, subarctic and highland climates.
An office is generally a room or other area where administrative work is done by an organization's users in order to support and realize objects and goals of the organization.
Oirschot (dialect: Orskot) is a municipality and a town in the southern Netherlands.
Omroep Brabant is the Netherlands Public Broadcasting regional television and radio broadcaster in the North Brabant Province in the Netherlands.
The Open University of the Netherlands (Open Universiteit Nederland) is a Dutch institution for distance learning at university level.
Operation Market Garden (17–25 September 1944) was an unsuccessful Allied military operation planned, and predominantly led, by the British.
An optical fiber or optical fibre is a flexible, transparent fiber made by drawing glass (silica) or plastic to a diameter slightly thicker than that of a human hair.
Pablo Ruiz Picasso (25 October 1881 – 8 April 1973) was a Spanish painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramicist, stage designer, poet and playwright who spent most of his adult life in France.
A park is an area of natural, semi-natural or planted space set aside for human enjoyment and recreation or for the protection of wildlife or natural habitats.
Pathé or Pathé Frères (styled as PATHÉ!) is the name of various French businesses that were founded and originally run by the Pathé Brothers of France starting in 1896.
Patrick Lodewijks (born 21 February 1967) is a Dutch retired footballer who played as a goalkeeper, and a current goalkeeping coach at English club Everton.
Patrick van Deurzen (Eindhoven, 27 January 1964) is a Dutch composer.
Paul Vincent Nicholas Haarhuis (born 19 February 1966) is a Dutch former professional tennis player.
The People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (Volkspartij voor Vrijheid en Democratie, VVD) is a conservative-liberal political party in the Netherlands.
Peter Aerts (born October 25, 1970) is a Dutch semi-retired Super heavyweight kickboxer.
Peter Koelewijn (born 29 December 1940 in Eindhoven) is a founding father of Dutch language rock and roll.
Koninklijke Philips N.V. (Philips, stylized as PHILIPS) is a Dutch multinational technology company headquartered in Amsterdam currently focused in the area of healthcare.
The Philips Natuurkundig Laboratorium (English translation: Philips Physics Laboratory) or NatLab was the Dutch section of the Philips research department, which did research for the product divisions of that company.
The Philips Stadion is a football stadium in Eindhoven, Netherlands, and it is the home of PSV (Philips Sport Vereniging), also known as PSV Eindhoven.
Phillip John-William Cocu (born 29 October 1970) is a Dutch professional football manager and former player, currently coaching Fenerbahce SK.
Pieter Cornelis "Piet" Mondriaan, after 1906 Mondrian (later; 7 March 1872 – 1 February 1944), was a Dutch painter and theoretician who is regarded as one of the greatest artists of the 20th century.
Pieter Cornelis "Piet" Souer (born 29 March 1948, Eindhoven) is a Dutch record producer, songwriter and arranger.
Pieter Cornelis Martijn van den Hoogenband (born 14 March 1978) is a Dutch former swimmer.
The Pim Fortuyn List (Lijst Pim Fortuyn, LPF) was a right-wing populist political party in the Netherlands.
Pisa is a city in the Tuscany region of Central Italy straddling the Arno just before it empties into the Ligurian Sea.
Poland (Polska), officially the Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska), is a country located in Central Europe.
The Poles (Polacy,; singular masculine: Polak, singular feminine: Polka), commonly referred to as the Polish people, are a nation and West Slavic ethnic group native to Poland in Central Europe who share a common ancestry, culture, history and are native speakers of the Polish language.
The politics of the Netherlands take place within the framework of a parliamentary representative democracy, a constitutional monarchy and a decentralised unitary state.
Popular music is music with wide appeal that is typically distributed to large audiences through the music industry.
Postal codes in the Netherlands, known as postcodes, are alphanumeric, consisting of four digits followed by two uppercase letters.
Prague (Praha, Prag) is the capital and largest city in the Czech Republic, the 14th largest city in the European Union and also the historical capital of Bohemia.
The Protestant Church in the Netherlands (Protestantse Kerk in Nederland, abbreviated PKN) is the largest Protestant denomination in the Netherlands, being both Reformed (Calvinist) and Lutheran.
There are currently twelve provinces of the Netherlands, representing the administrative layer between the national government and the local municipalities, with responsibility for matters of subnational or regional importance.
The Philips Sport Vereniging (Philips Sports Union), abbreviated as PSV and internationally known as PSV Eindhoven is a sports club from Eindhoven, Netherlands.
A public space is a place that is generally open and accessible to people.
A radio station is a set of equipment necessary to carry on communication via radio waves.
Rail transport is a means of transferring of passengers and goods on wheeled vehicles running on rails, also known as tracks.
Recorded history or written history is a historical narrative based on a written record or other documented communication.
A referendum (plural: referendums or referenda) is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is invited to vote on a particular proposal.
Remmert Wielinga (born April 27, 1978 in Eindhoven) is a Dutch professional road bicycle racer.
René Daniëls (sometimes written as René Daniels) (born 23 May 1950 in Eindhoven) is a Dutch artist.
Reykjavík is the capital and largest city of Iceland.
Rhodes (Ρόδος, Ródos) is the principal city and a former municipality on the island of Rhodes in the Dodecanese, Greece.
Henricus "Rick" Nicolas van den Hurk (Eindhoven, May 22, 1985) is a Dutch professional baseball pitcher for the Fukuoka SoftBank Hawks of Nippon Professional Baseball.
Riga (Rīga) is the capital and largest city of Latvia.
Rik Smits, nicknamed The Dunking Dutchman (born August 23, 1966), is a retired Dutch professional basketball player who spent his entire professional career with the Indiana Pacers of the National Basketball Association.
Rob Reckers (born 29 August 1981 in Eindhoven, Noord-Brabant) is a field hockey player from the Netherlands, who won the silver medal with the Dutch national team at the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens.
Rob van Gijzel (born 29 June 1954 in Eindhoven) is a Dutch politician.
Robert ("Rob") Hubert Maria de Wit (born August 7, 1962 in Eindhoven, North Brabant) is a retired decathlete from the Netherlands.
Roermond (Remunj) is a city, a municipality, and a diocese in the southeastern part of the Netherlands.
Romania (România) is a sovereign state located at the crossroads of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe.
Rome (Roma; Roma) is the capital city of Italy and a special comune (named Comune di Roma Capitale).
Rotterdam is a city in the Netherlands, in South Holland within the Rhine–Meuse–Scheldt river delta at the North Sea.
The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the United Kingdom's aerial warfare force.
A royal charter is a formal document issued by a monarch as letters patent, granting a right or power to an individual or a body corporate.
A rush hour (American English, British English) is a part of the day during which traffic congestion on roads and crowding on public transport is at its highest.
Ryanair is an Irish low-cost airline founded in 1984, headquartered in Swords, Dublin, Ireland, with its primary operational bases at Dublin and London Stansted airports.
Salzburg, literally "salt fortress", is the fourth-largest city in Austria and the capital of Salzburg state.
Sander Ketelaars (born 28 February 1979), better known by his stage name Sander van Doorn, is a Dutch electronic dance music producer and disc jockey.
Scholengemeenschap Augustinianum is a secondary school in the municipality of Eindhoven.
A science museum is a museum devoted primarily to science.
In local government, a city hall, town hall, civic centre, (in the UK or Australia) a guildhall, a Rathaus (German), or (more rarely) a municipal building, is the chief administrative building of a city, town, or other municipality.
Sedimentary basins are regions of Earth of long-term subsidence creating accommodation space for infilling by sediments.
The Siege of Eindhoven, also known as the Capture of Eindhoven of 1583, took place between February 7 and April 23, 1583, at Eindhoven, Duchy of Brabant, Spanish Netherlands (present-day North Brabant, the Netherlands) during the Eighty Years' War and the Anglo-Spanish War (1585–1604).
Twin towns or sister cities are a form of legal or social agreement between towns, cities, counties, oblasts, prefectures, provinces, regions, states, and even countries in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.
Sittard is a city in the Netherlands, situated in the southernmost province of Limburg.
The Socialist Party (Socialistische Partij,; abbreviated SP) is a left-wing, democratic socialist political party in the Netherlands.
Sofia (Со́фия, tr.) is the capital and largest city of Bulgaria.
Son en Breugel is a municipality in the southern Netherlands just outside Eindhoven.
South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa.
South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (대한민국; Hanja: 大韓民國; Daehan Minguk,; lit. "The Great Country of the Han People"), is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and lying east to the Asian mainland.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.
Spaniards are a Latin European ethnic group and nation.
Spatial planning systems refer to the methods and approaches used by the public and private sector to influence the distribution of people and activities in spaces of various scales.
Statistics is a branch of mathematics dealing with the collection, analysis, interpretation, presentation, and organization of data.
Statistics Netherlands, founded in 1899, is a Dutch governmental institution that gathers statistical information about the Netherlands.
Stockholm is the capital of Sweden and the most populous city in the Nordic countries; 952,058 people live in the municipality, approximately 1.5 million in the urban area, and 2.3 million in the metropolitan area.
Stratum is a former village in the Dutch province of North Brabant, now one of the seven boroughs of Eindhoven.
Strijp is a former town in the Dutch province of North Brabant, now a borough of Eindhoven.
Strijp-S is a neighborhood and former industrial park in the Eindhoven distrtict of Strijp.
A string quartet is a musical ensemble of four string players – two violin players, a viola player and a cellist – or a piece written to be performed by such a group.
Subdivision is the act of dividing land into pieces that are easier to sell or otherwise develop, usually via a plat.
The Sudan or Sudan (السودان as-Sūdān) also known as North Sudan since South Sudan's independence and officially the Republic of the Sudan (جمهورية السودان Jumhūriyyat as-Sūdān), is a country in Northeast Africa.
Suriname (also spelled Surinam), officially known as the Republic of Suriname (Republiek Suriname), is a sovereign state on the northeastern Atlantic coast of South America.
Sustainability is the process of change, in which the exploitation of resources, the direction of investments, the orientation of technological development and institutional change are all in harmony and enhance both current and future potential to meet human needs and aspirations.
A synagogue, also spelled synagog (pronounced; from Greek συναγωγή,, 'assembly', בית כנסת, 'house of assembly' or, "house of prayer", Yiddish: שול shul, Ladino: אסנוגה or קהל), is a Jewish house of prayer.
Tainan (Hokkien POJ: Tâi-lâm), officially Tainan City, is a special municipality of Taiwan, facing the Formosan Strait or Taiwan Strait in the west and south.
Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia.
Technisch Weekblad (literally Technical Weekly Magazine) is a Dutch weekly newspaper specialising in engineering topics.
Technology ("science of craft", from Greek τέχνη, techne, "art, skill, cunning of hand"; and -λογία, -logia) is first robustly defined by Jacob Bigelow in 1829 as: "...principles, processes, and nomenclatures of the more conspicuous arts, particularly those which involve applications of science, and which may be considered useful, by promoting the benefit of society, together with the emolument of those who pursue them".
Telephone numbers in the Netherlands are administered by the Ministry of Economic Affairs, Agriculture and Innovation of the Netherlands and may be grouped into three general categories: geographical numbers, non-geographical numbers, and numbers for public services.
Television (TV) is a telecommunication medium used for transmitting moving images in monochrome (black and white), or in colour, and in two or three dimensions and sound.
A television studio, also called a television production studio, is an installation room in which video productions take place, either for the recording of live television to video tape, or for the acquisition of raw footage for post-production.
A textile is a flexible material consisting of a network of natural or artificial fibres (yarn or thread).
The textile industry is primarily concerned with the design, production and distribution of yarn, cloth and clothing.
Thales Nederland B.V. (formerly Hollandse Signaalapparaten B.V. or in short Signaal) is a subsidiary of Thales Group involved primarily in naval defence systems (sensors, radars and infrared systems).
The Hague (Den Haag,, short for 's-Gravenhage) is a city on the western coast of the Netherlands and the capital of the province of South Holland.
Theodorus Wilhelmus (Theo) Maassen (born 8 December 1966 in Oegstgeest, Zuid-Holland) is a Dutch comedian and actor who grew up in the village of Zijtaart (municipality of Veghel) in the Dutch province of North Brabant.
Tilburg is a city in the Netherlands, in the southern province of North Brabant.
Timișoara (Temeswar, also formerly Temeschburg or Temeschwar; Temesvár,; טעמשוואר; Темишвар / Temišvar; Banat Bulgarian: Timišvár; Temeşvar; Temešvár) is the capital city of Timiș County, and the main social, economic and cultural centre in western Romania.
Martina Maria Anna Antonia "Tineke" Bartels-de Vries (born 6 February 1951 in Eindhoven) is an equestrian from the Netherlands, who won the silver medal in the Team Dressage Event at the 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona, Spain.
Tisha Volleman (born October 26, 1999 in Eindhoven) is a Dutch artistic gymnast.
Tobacco is a product prepared from the leaves of the tobacco plant by curing them.
Antonius Cornelis Joannes (Ton) de Leeuw (born 10 September 1941) is a Dutch organizational theorist and Emeritus professor of business administration at the University of Groningen, known for his contributions in the field of systems theory and methodology applied to business administration, management and innovation.
Tongelre is a borough of Eindhoven.
The Tongelreep is a small tributary of the Dommel that flows through Belgium and the Netherlands.
Toponymy is the study of place names (toponyms), their origins, meanings, use, and typology.
A trade route is a logistical network identified as a series of pathways and stoppages used for the commercial transport of cargo.
Traffic on roads consists of road users including pedestrians, ridden or herded animals, vehicles, streetcars, buses and other conveyances, either singly or together, while using the public way for purposes of travel.
Transavia, legally incorporated as Transavia Airlines C.V. and formerly branded as transavia.com, is a Dutch low-cost airline and a wholly owned subsidiary of KLM and therefore part of the Air France-KLM group.
A transit bus (also big bus, commuter bus, city bus, town bus, stage bus, public bus or simply bus) is a type of bus used on shorter-distance public transport bus services.
Transport or transportation is the movement of humans, animals and goods from one location to another.
A treasury is either.
TROMP Percussion Eindhoven is a biennial percussion competition and festival held in Eindhoven, Netherlands since 1971.
Trots op Nederland (TON, short: Trots; English: "Proud of the Netherlands") is a political party in the Netherlands.
A truck or lorry is a motor vehicle designed to transport cargo.
A tuna is a group of university students in traditional university dress who play traditional instruments and sing serenades.
Turkish people or the Turks (Türkler), also known as Anatolian Turks (Anadolu Türkleri), are a Turkic ethnic group and nation living mainly in Turkey and speaking Turkish, the most widely spoken Turkic language.
The UCI ProTour was a series of road bicycle races in Europe, Australia and Canada organised by the UCI (International Cycling Union).
The UEFA Champions League is an annual continental club football competition organised by the Union of European Football Associations (UEFA) and contested by top-division European clubs.
Utrecht is a city and municipality in the Netherlands, capital and most populous city of the province of Utrecht.
Valencia, officially València, on the east coast of Spain, is the capital of the autonomous community of Valencia and the third-largest city in Spain after Madrid and Barcelona, with around 800,000 inhabitants in the administrative centre.
Valkenswaard is a municipality and a town in the southern Netherlands, in the Metropoolregio Eindhoven of the province of North Brabant.
Van Abbemuseum is a museum of modern and contemporary art located in central Eindhoven, Netherlands, on the east bank of the Dommel river.
Veldhoven is a municipality and a town on the Gender stream in the southern Netherlands, located in the Metropoolregio Eindhoven just southwest of Eindhoven.
Venlo is a city and municipality in the southeastern Netherlands, near the German border.
The Vesteda tower is located in Eindhoven and was finished in 2006.
Vilnius (see also other names) is the capital of Lithuania and its largest city, with a population of 574,221.
Vocational education is education that prepares people to work in various jobs, such as a trade, a craft, or as a technician.
Waalre is an affluent municipality and town in the province of North Brabant in the southern Netherlands, immediately south of the city of Eindhoven.
Wassily Wassilyevich Kandinsky (Vasily Vasilyevich Kandinsky) (– 13 December 1944) was a Russian painter and art theorist.
Weert (Wieërt) is a municipality and city in the southeastern Netherlands.
The Western world refers to various nations depending on the context, most often including at least part of Europe and the Americas.
William I (Willem Frederik, Prince of Orange-Nassau; 24 August 1772 – 12 December 1843) was a Prince of Orange and the first King of the Netherlands and Grand Duke of Luxembourg.
William I, Prince of Orange (24 April 1533 – 10 July 1584), also widely known as William the Silent or William the Taciturn (translated from Willem de Zwijger), or more commonly known as William of Orange (Willem van Oranje), was the main leader of the Dutch revolt against the Spanish Habsburgs that set off the Eighty Years' War (1568–1648) and resulted in the formal independence of the United Provinces in 1581.
Wizz Air, legally incorporated as Wizz Air Hungary Ltd. (Kft.), is a Hungarian low-cost airline with its head office in Budapest.
Woensel is a former town in the Dutch province of North Brabant, but nowadays a borough of Eindhoven.
The World Para Swimming Championships, known before 30 November 2016 as the IPC Swimming World Championships, are the world championships for swimming where athletes with a disability compete.
The World Table Tennis Championships have been held since 1926, biennially since 1957.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Wrocław (Breslau; Vratislav; Vratislavia) is the largest city in western Poland.
Youth is the time of life when one is young, and often means the time between childhood and adulthood (maturity).
Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija/Југославија; Jugoslavija; Југославија; Pannonian Rusyn: Югославия, transcr. Juhoslavija)Jugosllavia; Jugoszlávia; Juhoslávia; Iugoslavia; Jugoslávie; Iugoslavia; Yugoslavya; Югославия, transcr. Jugoslavija.
Zeeland (Zeelandic: Zeêland, historical English exonym Zealand) is the westernmost and least populous province of the Netherlands.
The Zuid-Willemsvaart (translated: South William's Canal) is a canal in the south of the Netherlands and the east of Belgium.
Zwolle is a city and municipality in the northeastern Netherlands serving as Overijssel's capital.
The 1987–88 European Cup was the 33rd season of the European Cup club football tournament.
The 2008 LEN European Aquatics Championships were held in Eindhoven, Netherlands, from 13–24 March 2008.
The 2010 European Short Course Swimming Championships was held 25–28 November 2010 at Pieter van den Hoogenband Zwemstadion in Eindhoven, Netherlands.
The 2012 European Aquatics Championships were held from 14–27 May 2012 in Debrecen, Hungary and Eindhoven, Netherlands.
The 2013 FINA Swimming World Cup was a series of eight, two-day, short course meets in eight different cities between August and November 2013.
The 2014 IPC Swimming European Championships is an international swimming competition.
The 2017 FINA Swimming World Cup was a series of eight two-day meets in eight different cities between August and November 2017.