153 relations: Abaza language, Abkhaz language, Adam's apple, Adyghe language, Affricate consonant, Afroasiatic languages, Alveolar consonant, Alveolar ejective affricate, Alveolar ejective fricative, Alveolar lateral ejective affricate, Alveolar lateral ejective fricative, Alveolo-palatal consonant, Alveolo-palatal ejective fricative, Americanist phonetic notation, Americas, Amharic, Archi language, Armenian language, Aspirated consonant, Athabaskan languages, Austronesian languages, Avar language, Aymara language, Bilabial consonant, Bilabial ejective, Bilabial ejective fricative, Bilen language, British Columbia, California, Caucasus, Chechen language, Chiwere language, Chonan languages, Chukotko-Kamchatkan languages, Click consonant, Consonant, Contour (linguistics), Creaky voice, Cusco–Collao Quechua, Cushitic languages, ǂ’Amkoe language, Dahalo language, Dargwa language, Dental and alveolar ejectives, Dental consonant, Dental ejective affricate, Dental ejective fricative, Digastric muscle, East Africa, Ejective click, ..., Ejective-contour clicks, Epiglottal ejective, Eurasia, Fricative consonant, Gǀui dialect, Georgian language, Glottalic consonant, Glottalic theory, Gumuz language, Gwich’in language, Hadza language, Haida language, Hakuchi Adyghe dialect, Hausa language, Hyoid bone, Implosive consonant, Index of phonetics articles, International Phonetic Alphabet, Itelmen language, Kabardian language, Kartvelian languages, Kawésqar language, Kenya, Keres language, Khoisan languages, Labiodental consonant, Labiodental ejective fricative, Lakota language, Lateral consonant, Lezgian language, Lezgic languages, Linguolabial consonant, Lushootseed, Mayan languages, Mazahua language, Me'en language, Nasal consonant, Nez Perce language, Nguni languages, Nilo-Saharan languages, North America, Northeast Caucasian languages, Northwest Caucasian languages, Obstruent, Omotic languages, Ossetian language, Oto-Manguean languages, Palatal consonant, Palatal ejective, Palatal ejective affricate, Palatal ejective fricative, Palatal lateral ejective affricate, Palatalization (phonetics), Palato-alveolar ejective affricate, Palato-alveolar ejective fricative, Pharyngeal consonant, Phonetics, Postalveolar consonant, Proto-Indo-European language, Puelche language, Quechuan languages, Retroflex consonant, Retroflex ejective, Retroflex ejective affricate, Retroflex ejective fricative, Salishan languages, Sandawe language, Shapsug Adyghe dialect, Sindhi language, Siouan languages, Sonorant, South Semitic languages, Southern Africa, Stop consonant, Stylohyoid muscle, Tehuelche language, Tenuis consonant, Tigrinya language, Tlingit language, Tolowa language, Totonacan languages, Trill consonant, Ubykh language, Uduk language, Uvular consonant, Uvular ejective, Uvular ejective affricate, Uvular ejective fricative, Vainakhish language, Valley Yokuts, Velar consonant, Velar ejective, Velar ejective affricate, Velar ejective fricative, Velar lateral ejective affricate, Voiceless uvular stop, Voicelessness, Xhosa language, Yapese language, Yokutsan languages, Yucatec Maya language, Yuchi language, Zulu language. Expand index (103 more) » « Shrink index
The Abaza language (абаза бызшва, abaza byzšwa; абазэбзэ) is a Northwest Caucasian language in Russia and many of the exiled communities in Turkey.
Abkhaz (sometimes spelled Abxaz; Аԥсуа бызшәа //), also known as Abkhazian, is a Northwest Caucasian language most closely related to Abaza.
The Adam's apple, or laryngeal prominence, is a feature of the human neck, and is the lump or protrusion that is formed by the angle of the thyroid cartilage surrounding the larynx seen especially in males.
Adyghe (or; Adyghe: Адыгабзэ, Adygabzæ), also known as West Circassian (КӀахыбзэ, K’axybzæ), is one of the two official languages of the Republic of Adygea in the Russian Federation, the other being Russian. It is spoken by various tribes of the Adyghe people: Abzekh, Adamey, Bzhedug, Hatuqwai, Temirgoy, Mamkhegh, Natekuay, Shapsug, Zhaney and Yegerikuay, each with its own dialect. The language is referred to by its speakers as Adygebze or Adəgăbză, and alternatively transliterated in English as Adygean, Adygeyan or Adygei. The literary language is based on the Temirgoy dialect. There are apparently around 128,000 speakers of Adyghe in Russia, almost all of them native speakers. In total, some 300,000 speak it worldwide. The largest Adyghe-speaking community is in Turkey, spoken by the post Russian–Circassian War (circa 1763–1864) diaspora; in addition to that, the Adyghe language is spoken by the Cherkesogai in Krasnodar Krai. Adyghe belongs to the family of Northwest Caucasian languages. Kabardian (also known as East Circassian) is a very close relative, treated by some as a dialect of Adyghe or of an overarching Circassian language. Ubykh, Abkhaz and Abaza are somewhat more distantly related to Adyghe. The language was standardised after the October Revolution in 1917. Since 1936, the Cyrillic script has been used to write Adyghe. Before that, an Arabic-based alphabet was used together with the Latin.
An affricate is a consonant that begins as a stop and releases as a fricative, generally with the same place of articulation (most often coronal).
Afroasiatic (Afro-Asiatic), also known as Afrasian and traditionally as Hamito-Semitic (Chamito-Semitic) or Semito-Hamitic, is a large language family of about 300 languages and dialects.
Alveolar consonants are articulated with the tongue against or close to the superior alveolar ridge, which is called that because it contains the alveoli (the sockets) of the superior teeth.
The alveolar ejective affricate is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The alveolar ejective fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The alveolar lateral ejective affricate is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The alveolar lateral ejective fricative is a type of consonantal sound, reported in the Northwest Caucasian languages.
In phonetics, alveolo-palatal (or alveopalatal) consonants, sometimes synonymous with pre-palatal consonants, are intermediate in articulation between the coronal and dorsal consonants, or which have simultaneous alveolar and palatal articulation.
The alveolo-palatal ejective fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
Americanist phonetic notation, also known as the North American Phonetic Alphabet or NAPA, is a system of phonetic notation originally developed by European and American anthropologists and language scientists (many of whom were students of Neogrammarians) for the phonetic and phonemic transcription of indigenous languages of the Americas and for languages of Europe.
The Americas (also collectively called America)"America." The Oxford Companion to the English Language.
Amharic (or; Amharic: አማርኛ) is one of the Ethiopian Semitic languages, which are a subgrouping within the Semitic branch of the Afroasiatic languages.
Archi is a Northeast Caucasian language spoken by the Archis in the village of Archib, southern Dagestan, Russia, and the six surrounding smaller villages.
The Armenian language (reformed: հայերեն) is an Indo-European language spoken primarily by the Armenians.
In phonetics, aspiration is the strong burst of breath that accompanies either the release or, in the case of preaspiration, the closure of some obstruents.
Athabaskan or Athabascan (also Dene, Athapascan, Athapaskan) is a large family of indigenous languages of North America, located in western North America in three groups of contiguous languages: Northern, Pacific Coast and Southern (or Apachean).
The Austronesian languages are a language family that is widely dispersed throughout Maritime Southeast Asia, Madagascar and the islands of the Pacific Ocean, with a few members in continental Asia.
Avar (self-designation Магӏарул мацӏ Maⱨarul maⱬ "language of the mountains" or Авар мацӏ Avar maⱬ "Avar language"), also known as Avaric, is a language that belongs to the Avar–Andic group of the Northeast Caucasian family.
Aymara (Aymar aru) is an Aymaran language spoken by the Aymara people of the Andes.
In phonetics, a bilabial consonant is a consonant articulated with both lips.
The bilabial ejective is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The bilabial ejective fricative is a type of consonantal sound.
The Bilen language (ብሊና b(ɨ)lina or ብሊን b(ɨ)lin) is spoken by the Bilen people in and around the city of Keren in Eritrea and Kassala in eastern Sudan.
British Columbia (BC; Colombie-Britannique) is the westernmost province of Canada, located between the Pacific Ocean and the Rocky Mountains.
California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States.
The Caucasus or Caucasia is a region located at the border of Europe and Asia, situated between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea and occupied by Russia, Georgia, Azerbaijan, and Armenia.
Chechen (нохчийн мотт / noxçiyn mott / نَاخچیین موٓتت / ნახჩიე მუოთთ, Nokhchiin mott) is a Northeast Caucasian language spoken by more than 1.4 million people, mostly in the Chechen Republic and by members of the Chechen diaspora throughout Russia, Jordan, Central Asia (mainly Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan), and Georgia.
Chiwere (also called Iowa-Otoe-Missouria or Báxoje-Jíwere-Ñút’achi) is a Siouan language originally spoken by the Missouria, Otoe, and Iowa peoples, who originated in the Great Lakes region but later moved throughout the Midwest and plains.
The Chonan languages were a family of indigenous American languages spoken in Tierra del Fuego and Patagonia.
The Chukotko-Kamchatkan or Chukchi–Kamchatkan languages are a language family of extreme northeastern Siberia.
Click consonants, or clicks, are speech sounds that occur as consonants in many languages of Southern Africa and in three languages of East Africa.
In articulatory phonetics, a consonant is a speech sound that is articulated with complete or partial closure of the vocal tract.
In phonetics, contour describes speech sounds which behave as single segments, but which make an internal transition from one quality, place, or manner to another.
In linguistics, creaky voice (sometimes called laryngealisation, pulse phonation, vocal fry, or glottal fry) is a special kind of phonation in which the arytenoid cartilages in the larynx are drawn together; as a result, the vocal folds are compressed rather tightly, becoming relatively slack and compact.
Cusco–Collao (Spanish, also Cuzco–Collao) or Qusqu–Qullaw (Quechua) is a collective term used for Quechua dialects that have aspirated and ejective plosives, apparently borrowed from Aymaran languages.
The Cushitic languages are a branch of the Afroasiatic language family.
ǂ’Amkoe, formerly called by the dialectal name ǂHoan (ǂHȍã, ǂHûân, ǂHua, ǂHû, or in native orthography ǂHȍȁn), is a severely endangered Kx'a language of Botswana.
Dahalo is an endangered Cushitic language spoken by at most 400 Dahalo people on the coast of Kenya, near the mouth of the Tana River.
The Dargwa or Dargin language is spoken by the Dargin people in the Russian republic Dagestan.
The alveolar ejective is a type of consonantal sound, usually described as voiceless, being pronounced with a glottalic egressive airstream.
A dental consonant is a consonant articulated with the tongue against the upper teeth, such as,,, and in some languages.
The dental ejective fricative is a rare type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The digastric muscle (also digastricus) (named digastric as it has two 'bellies') is a small muscle located under the jaw.
East Africa or Eastern Africa is the eastern region of the African continent, variably defined by geography.
Ejective clicks may be.
Ejective-contour clicks, also called sequential linguo-glottalic consonants, are consonants that transition from a click to an ejective sound, or more precisely, have an audible delay between the front and rear release of the click.
The epiglottal or pharyngeal ejective is a rare type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
Eurasia is a combined continental landmass of Europe and Asia.
Fricatives are consonants produced by forcing air through a narrow channel made by placing two articulators close together.
Gǀui or Gǀwi (pronounced in English, and also spelled ǀGwi, Dcui, Gcwi, or Cgui) is a Khoe dialect of Botswana with 2,500 speakers (2004 Cook).
Georgian (ქართული ენა, translit.) is a Kartvelian language spoken by Georgians.
A glottalic consonant is a consonant produced with some important contribution (a movement, a closure) of the glottis (the opening that leads from the nose and mouth cavities into the larynx and the lungs).
The glottalic theory is that Proto-Indo-European had ejective stops,, instead of the plain voiced ones,, hypothesized by the usual Proto-Indo-European phonological reconstructions.
Gumuz (also spelled Gumaz) is a dialect cluster spoken along the border of Ethiopia and Sudan.
The Gwich’in language (Dinju Zhuh K’yuu) belongs to the Athabaskan language family and is spoken by the Gwich’in First Nation (Canada) / Alaska Native People (United States).
Hadza is a language isolate spoken along the shores of Lake Eyasi in Tanzania by around 1,000 Hadza people, the last full-time hunter-gatherers in Africa.
Haida (X̱aat Kíl, X̱aadas Kíl, X̱aayda Kil, Xaad kil) is the language of the Haida people, spoken in the Haida Gwaii archipelago of the coast of Canada and on Prince of Wales Island in Alaska.
Hakuchi (Xakuchi; Хьакӏуцубзэ Kh′ak′ucubză or Къарацхаибзэ Qaracxaibză in Hakuchi Adyghe) is a variety of the Shapsug sub-dialect of West Adyghe dialect of Adyghe language spoken in Turkey.
Hausa (Yaren Hausa or Harshen Hausa) is the Chadic language (a branch of the Afroasiatic language family) with the largest number of speakers, spoken as a first language by some 27 million people, and as a second language by another 20 million.
The hyoid bone (lingual bone or tongue-bone) is a horseshoe-shaped bone situated in the anterior midline of the neck between the chin and the thyroid cartilage.
Implosive consonants are a group of stop consonants (and possibly also some affricates) with a mixed glottalic ingressive and pulmonic egressive airstream mechanism.
The International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) is an alphabetic system of phonetic notation based primarily on the Latin alphabet.
Itelmen (autonym: itənmən) or Western Itelmen, formerly known as Western Kamchadal, is a language of the Chukotko-Kamchatkan family spoken on the western coast of the Kamchatka Peninsula.
Kabardian (адыгэбзэ, къэбэрдей адыгэбзэ, къэбэрдейбзэ; Adyghe: адыгэбзэ, къэбэртай адыгабзэ, къэбэртайбзэ), also known as Kabardino-Cherkess (къэбэрдей-черкесыбзэ) or, is a Northwest Caucasian language closely related to the Adyghe language.
The Kartvelian languages (ქართველური ენები, Kartveluri enebi, also known as Iberian and formerly South CaucasianBoeder (2002), p. 3) are a language family indigenous to the Caucasus and spoken primarily in Georgia, with large groups of native speakers in Russia, Iran, the United States, the European Union, Israel, and northeastern parts of Turkey.
Kawésqar (Qawasqar), also known as Alacaluf, is a critically endangered language isolate spoken in southern Chile by the Kawésqar people.
Kenya, officially the Republic of Kenya, is a country in Africa with its capital and largest city in Nairobi.
Keresan, also Keres, is a Native American language, spoken by the Keres Pueblo people in New Mexico.
The Khoisan languages (also Khoesan or Khoesaan) are a group of African languages originally classified together by Joseph Greenberg.
In phonetics, labiodentals are consonants articulated with the lower lip and the upper teeth.
The labiodental ejective fricative is a type of consonantal sound, reported in the Kabardian language.
Lakota (Lakȟótiyapi), also referred to as Lakhota, Teton or Teton Sioux, is a Siouan language spoken by the Lakota people of the Sioux tribes.
A lateral is an l-like consonant in which the airstream proceeds along the sides of the tongue, but it is blocked by the tongue from going through the middle of the mouth.
Lezgian, also called Lezgi or Lezgin, (Azerbaijani: Ləzgi dili), is a language that belongs to the Lezgic languages.
The Lezgic languages are one of seven branches of the Northeast Caucasian language family.
Linguolabials or apicolabials are consonants articulated by placing the tongue tip or blade against the upper lip, which is drawn downward to meet the tongue.
Lushootseed (also: xʷəlšucid, dxʷləšúcid, Puget Salish, Puget Sound Salish or Skagit-Nisqually) is the language or dialect continuum of several Salish Native American tribes of modern-day Washington state.
The Mayan languagesIn linguistics, it is conventional to use Mayan when referring to the languages, or an aspect of a language.
The Mazahua language is an indigenous language of Mexico, spoken in the country's central states by the ethnic group that is widely known as the Mazahua but calls itself the Hñatho.
Me'en (also Mekan, Mie'en, Mieken, Meqan, Men) is a Nilo-Saharan language (Eastern Sudanic, Surmic, Southeast Surmic) spoken in Ethiopia by the Me'en people.
In phonetics, a nasal, also called a nasal occlusive, nasal stop in contrast with a nasal fricative, or nasal continuant, is an occlusive consonant produced with a lowered velum, allowing air to escape freely through the nose.
Nez Perce, also spelled Nez Percé or called Niimi'ipuutímt, is a Sahaptian language related to the several dialects of Sahaptin (note the spellings -ian vs. -in).
The Nguni languages are a group of Bantu languages spoken in southern Africa by the Nguni people.
The Nilo-Saharan languages are a proposed family of African languages spoken by some 50–60 million people, mainly in the upper parts of the Chari and Nile rivers, including historic Nubia, north of where the two tributaries of the Nile meet.
North America is a continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and almost all within the Western Hemisphere; it is also considered by some to be a northern subcontinent of the Americas.
The Northeast Caucasian languages, or Nakh-Daghestanian languages, are a language family spoken in the Russian republics of Dagestan, Chechnya and Ingushetia and in northern Azerbaijan as well as in diaspora populations in Western Europe, Turkey and the Middle East.
The Northwest Caucasian languages, also called West Caucasian, Abkhazo-Adyghean, Circassic, or sometimes Pontic (as opposed to Caspian for the Northeast Caucasian languages), are a group of languages spoken in the northwestern Caucasus region,Hoiberg, Dale H. (2010) chiefly in three Russian republics (Adygea, Kabardino-Balkaria, Karachay–Cherkessia), the disputed territory of Abkhazia (whose sovereignty is claimed by Georgia), and Turkey, with smaller communities scattered throughout the Middle East.
An obstruent is a speech sound such as,, or that is formed by obstructing airflow.
The Omotic languages are group of languages spoken in southwestern Ethiopia.
Ossetian, also known as Ossete and Ossetic, is an Eastern Iranian language spoken in Ossetia, a region on the northern slopes of the Caucasus Mountains.
Oto-Manguean languages (also Otomanguean) are a large family comprising several subfamilies of indigenous languages of the Americas.
Palatal consonants are consonants articulated with the body of the tongue raised against the hard palate (the middle part of the roof of the mouth).
The palatal ejective is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The palatal ejective affricate is a rare type of consonantal sound.
The palatal ejective fricative is a type of consonantal sound.
The palatal lateral ejective affricate is a rare type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
In phonetics, palatalization (also) or palatization refers to a way of pronouncing a consonant in which part of the tongue is moved close to the hard palate.
The palato-alveolar ejective affricate is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The palato-alveolar ejective fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
A pharyngeal consonant is a consonant that is articulated primarily in the pharynx.
Phonetics (pronounced) is the branch of linguistics that studies the sounds of human speech, or—in the case of sign languages—the equivalent aspects of sign.
Postalveolar consonants (sometimes spelled post-alveolar) are consonants articulated with the tongue near or touching the back of the alveolar ridge, farther back in the mouth than the alveolar consonants, which are at the ridge itself but not as far back as the hard palate, the place of articulation for palatal consonants.
Proto-Indo-European (PIE) is the linguistic reconstruction of the hypothetical common ancestor of the Indo-European languages, the most widely spoken language family in the world.
Puelche is an extinct language formerly spoken by the Puelche people in the Pampas region of Argentina.
Quechua, usually called Runasimi ("people's language") in Quechuan languages, is an indigenous language family spoken by the Quechua peoples, primarily living in the Andes and highlands of South America.
A retroflex consonant is a coronal consonant where the tongue has a flat, concave, or even curled shape, and is articulated between the alveolar ridge and the hard palate.
The retroflex ejective is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The retroflex ejective affricate is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The retroflex ejective fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The Salishan (also Salish) languages are a group of languages of the Pacific Northwest in North America (the Canadian province of British Columbia and the American states of Washington, Oregon, Idaho and Montana).
Sandawe is a "click language" spoken by about 60,000 Sandawe people in the Dodoma region of Tanzania.
The Shapsug dialect (Шапсыгъабзэ; Шапсыгъэбзэ) is a dialect of Adyghe.
Sindhi (سنڌي, सिन्धी,, ਸਿੰਧੀ) is an Indo-Aryan language of the historical Sindh region, spoken by the Sindhi people.
Siouan or Siouan–Catawban is a language family of North America that is located primarily in the Great Plains, Ohio and Mississippi valleys and southeastern North America with a few outlier languages in the east.
In phonetics and phonology, a sonorant or resonant is a speech sound that is produced with continuous, non-turbulent airflow in the vocal tract; these are the manners of articulation that are most often voiced in the world's languages.
South Semitic is a putative branch of the Semitic languages.
Southern Africa is the southernmost region of the African continent, variably defined by geography or geopolitics, and including several countries.
In phonetics, a stop, also known as a plosive or oral occlusive, is a consonant in which the vocal tract is blocked so that all airflow ceases.
The stylohyoid muscle is a slender muscle, lying anterior, and superior of the posterior belly of the digastric muscle.
Tehuelche (Aoniken, Inaquen, Gunua-Kena, Gununa-Kena) is one of the Chonan languages of Patagonia.
In linguistics, a tenuis consonant is an obstruent that is unvoiced, unaspirated, unpalatalized, and unglottalized.
Tigrinya (often written as Tigrigna) is an Afroasiatic language of the Semitic branch.
The Tlingit language (Lingít) is spoken by the Tlingit people of Southeast Alaska and Western Canada.
The Tolowa language (also called Chetco-Tolowa, or Siletz Dee-ni) is a member of the Pacific Coast subgroup of the Athabaskan language family.
The Totonacan languages (also known as Totonac–Tepehua languages) are a family of closely related languages spoken by approximately 290,000 Totonac (approx. 280,000) and Tepehua (approx. 10,000) people in the states of Veracruz, Puebla, and Hidalgo in Mexico.
In phonetics, a trill is a consonantal sound produced by vibrations between the active articulator and passive articulator.
Ubykh, or Ubyx, is an extinct Northwest Caucasian language once spoken by the Ubykh people (who originally lived along the eastern coast of the Black Sea before migrating en masse to Turkey in the 1860s).
Uduk, also known as Tw'ampa (T'wampa), is a Koman language spoken in Sudan near the border with Ethiopia.
Uvulars are consonants articulated with the back of the tongue against or near the uvula, that is, further back in the mouth than velar consonants.
The uvular ejective is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The uvular ejective affricate is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The uvular ejective fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The Vainakhish language consist of the dialect continuum between the Chechen and Ingush languages, mainly spoken in the Russian republics of Chechnya and Ingushetia, as well as in the Chechen diaspora.
Valley Yokuts is a dialect cluster of the Yokutsan language family of California.
Velars are consonants articulated with the back part of the tongue (the dorsum) against the soft palate, the back part of the roof of the mouth (known also as the velum).
The velar ejective is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The velar ejective affricate is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The velar ejective fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The velar lateral ejective affricate is a rare type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The voiceless uvular stop or voiceless uvular plosive is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
In linguistics, voicelessness is the property of sounds being pronounced without the larynx vibrating.
Xhosa (Xhosa: isiXhosa) is a Nguni Bantu language with click consonants ("Xhosa" begins with a click) and one of the official languages of South Africa.
Yapese is a language spoken by the people on the island of Yap (Federated States of Micronesia).
Yokutsan (also known as Yokuts and Mariposan) is an endangered language family spoken in the interior of Northern and Central California in and around the San Joaquin Valley by the Yokut people.
Yucatec Maya (endonym: Maya; Yukatek Maya in the revised orthography of the Academia de Lenguas Mayas de Guatemala), called Màaya t'àan (lit. "Maya speech") by its speakers, is a Mayan language spoken in the Yucatán Peninsula and northern Belize.
Yuchi (Euchee) is the language of the Cohaya people living in Oklahoma.
Zulu (Zulu: isiZulu) is the language of the Zulu people, with about 10 million speakers, the vast majority (over 95%) of whom live in South Africa.