416 relations: Acajutla, Act of Independence of Central America, Afro-Latin Americans, Afro-Salvadoran, Agrarian reform, Agustín de Iturbide, Ahuachapán, Ahuachapán Department, Alfredo Cristiani, Alfredo Espino, Alguashte, American Revolution, Americanization, Andrés Niño, Antiguo Cuscatlán, Antonio Saca, Apaneca, Apopa, Argentina, Armando Calderón Sol, Arturo Araujo, Arturo Armando Molina, Association football, Atlacatl Battalion, Augusto Crespin, Authoritarianism, Óscar Ortiz (El Salvador), Óscar Romero, Back-formation, Balance of trade, BBC News, Belize, Buddhism, Cabañas Department, Cacaopera people, Caldera, Calendar of saints, Camilo Minero, Captaincy General of Guatemala, Carlos Cañas, Carnival, Cash crop, Cassava, Catholic Church, Cayman Islands, Central America, Central American Integration System, Central American Parliament, Central Europe, Central Reserve Bank of El Salvador, ..., Central Time Zone, Cerrón Grande Dam, Cerro El Pital, Chalatenango Department, Chalatenango, 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Acajutla is a seaport city in Sonsonate Department, El Salvador.
The Act of Independence of Central America, also known as the Act of Independence of Guatemala, is the legal document by which the Provincial Council of the Province of Guatemala proclaimed the independence of Central America from the Spanish Empire and invited the other provinces of the Captaincy General of Guatemala to send envoys to a congress to decide the form of the region's independence.
Afro-Latin Americans or Black Latin Americans refers to Latin American people of significant African ancestry.
Afro-Salvadorans are only 0.13% the population descendants of the African population that were enslaved and shipped to El Salvador.
Agrarian reform can refer either, narrowly, to government-initiated or government-backed redistribution of agricultural land (see land reform) or, broadly, to an overall redirection of the agrarian system of the country, which often includes land reform measures.
Agustín Cosme Damián de Iturbide y Arámburu (27 September 178319 July 1824), also known as Augustine of Mexico, was a Mexican army general and politician.
Ahuachapán is a city and municipality and the capital of the Ahuachapán Department in western El Salvador.
Ahuachapán is a department of El Salvador in the west of the country.
Alfredo Félix Cristiani Burkard, popularly known as Alfredo Cristiani (born November 22, 1947) was President of El Salvador from 1989 to 1994.
Alfredo Espino (1900—August 1928) was a poet from El Salvador.
Alguashte is a seasoning typical of Salvadoran cuisine made from ground pepitas (pumpkin seeds), and is used on both sweet or savoury meals.
The American Revolution was a colonial revolt that took place between 1765 and 1783.
In countries outside the United States of America, Americanization or Americanisation is the influence American culture and business have on other countries, such as their media, cuisine, business practices, popular culture, technology, or political techniques.
Andrés Niño (born in Moguer in 1475; died about 1530) was a Spanish navigator.
Antiguo Cuscatlán, (known colloquially as Antiguo) is a municipality in the La Libertad department of El Salvador, and its eastern tip lays in San Salvador Department part of the Metropolitan Area of San Salvador, southwest of San Salvador and southeast of Santa Tecla.
Elías Antonio "Tony" Saca González (born March 9, 1965) is a Salvadoran politician who was President of El Salvador from 2004 to 2009.
Apaneca is a municipality in the Ahuachapán department of El Salvador.
Apopa is a municipality in the San Salvador department of El Salvador.
Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic (República Argentina), is a federal republic located mostly in the southern half of South America.
Armando Calderón Sol (June 24, 1948 – October 9, 2017) was President of El Salvador from June 1, 1994 to June 1, 1999, representing the Nationalist Republican Alliance (ARENA).
Arturo Araujo Fajardo (1878, Santa Tecla – December 1, 1967 in San Salvador) was the president of El Salvador from March 1, 1931 to December 2, 1931.
Colonel Arturo Armando Molina (born August 6, 1927) is a former President of El Salvador.
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.
The Atlacatl Battalion, a former Salvadoran Army unit, was a rapid-response, counter-insurgency battalion created in 1980 at the U.S. Army's School of the Americas, then located in Panama.
Augusto Crespin was born in El Salvador in July 1956.
Authoritarianism is a form of government characterized by strong central power and limited political freedoms.
Óscar Ortiz (born 1961) is the Vice President of El Salvador, in office since 2014.
Óscar Arnulfo Romero y Galdámez (15 August 1917 – 24 March 1980) was a prelate of the Catholic Church in El Salvador, who served as the fourth Archbishop of San Salvador.
In etymology, back-formation is the process of creating a new lexeme by removing actual or supposed affixes.
The balance of trade, commercial balance, or net exports (sometimes symbolized as NX), is the difference between the monetary value of a nation's exports and imports over a certain period.
BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
Belize, formerly British Honduras, is an independent Commonwealth realm on the eastern coast of Central America.
Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.
Cabañas is a department of El Salvador in the north central part of the country.
The Cacaopera people were an indigenous people in El Salvador.
A caldera is a large cauldron-like depression that forms following the evacuation of a magma chamber/reservoir.
The calendar of saints is a traditional Christian method of organizing a liturgical year by associating each day with one or more saints and referring to the day as the feast day or feast of said saint.
Camilo Minero was born in Zacatecoluca, El Salvador in 1917.
The Captaincy General of Guatemala (Capitanía General de Guatemala), also known as the Kingdom of Guatemala (Spanish: Reino de Guatemala), was an administrative division of the Spanish Empire, under the viceroyalty of New Spain in Central America, including the present-day nations of Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, El Salvador, Belize and Guatemala, and the Mexican state of Chiapas.
Carlos Cañas (September 3, 1924 - April 14, 2013) is a Salvadoran painter who studied art and theory at the School of Arts of El Salvador.
Carnival (see other spellings and names) is a Western Christian and Greek Orthodox festive season that occurs before the liturgical season of Lent.
A cash crop or profit crop is an agricultural crop which is grown for sale to return a profit.
Manihot esculenta, commonly called cassava, manioc, yuca, mandioca and Brazilian arrowroot, is a woody shrub native to South America of the spurge family, Euphorbiaceae.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
The Cayman Islands is an autonomous British Overseas Territory in the western Caribbean Sea.
Central America (América Central, Centroamérica) is the southernmost, isthmian portion of the North American continent, which connects with the South American continent on the southeast.
The Central American Integration System (Sistema de la Integración Centroamericana, or SICA) has been the economic and political organization of Central American states since February 1, 1993.
The Central American Parliament (Parlamento Centroamericano), also known as PARLACEN, is the political institution and parliamentary body of the Central American Integration System (SICA).
Central Europe is the region comprising the central part of Europe.
The Central Reserve Bank of El Salvador (Spanish: Banco Central de El Salvador) is the central bank of El Salvador, which controls the currency rate and regulates certain economic activities within El Salvador.
The North American Central Time Zone (CT) is a time zone in parts of Canada, the United States, Mexico, Central America, some Caribbean Islands, and part of the Eastern Pacific Ocean.
The Cerrón Grande Hydroelectric Dam (Spanish: Central Hidroeléctrica Cerrón Grande) spans the Lempa River 78 km north of San Salvador in the municipalities of Potonico, (Chalatenango) and Jutiapa (Cabañas) in El Salvador.
Cerro El Pital is a mountain in Central America, on the border of El Salvador and Honduras.
Chalatenango is a department of El Salvador, located in the northwest of the country.
Chalatenango (known as "Chalate" by locals) is a town and municipality in the Chalatenango department of El Salvador.
Chapultepec Castle (Castillo de Chapultepec) is located on top of Chapultepec Hill.
The Chapultepec Peace Accords brought peace to El Salvador in 1992 after more than a decade of civil war.
Chiapas, officially the Free and Sovereign State of Chiapas (Estado Libre y Soberano de Chiapas), is one of the 31 states that with Mexico City make up the 32 federal entities of Mexico.
Chicharrón (Torresmo or, tsitsaron, chachalon) is a dish generally consisting of fried pork belly or fried pork rinds; chicharrón may also be made from chicken, mutton, or beef.
The chicken (Gallus gallus domesticus) is a type of domesticated fowl, a subspecies of the red junglefowl.
Chile, officially the Republic of Chile, is a South American country occupying a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
A Christian is a person who follows or adheres to Christianity, an Abrahamic, monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ.
The Christian Democratic Party (Partido Demócrata Cristiano) is a Christian democratic party in El Salvador.
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.
Cihuatán is a major pre-Columbian archaeological site in central El Salvador.
Classical Nahuatl (also known simply as Aztec or Nahuatl) is any of the variants of Nahuatl, spoken in the Valley of Mexico and central Mexico as a lingua franca at the time of the 16th-century Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire.
Claudia Lars, born in Armenia, El Salvador on December 20, 1899 as Margarita del Carmen Brannon Vega, was a Salvadoran poet.
The Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN) is a £72 million (US$100 million) initiative, formed in 2010, that links developing countries with experts on climate change.
The coat of arms of El Salvador has been in use in its current form since 15 September 1912.
Caldera De Coatepeque (Nahuatl cōātepēc, "at the snake hill") is a volcanic caldera in El Salvador in Central America.
Coffee is a brewed drink prepared from roasted coffee beans, which are the seeds of berries from the Coffea plant.
Cojutepeque is the capital city of El Salvador's Cuscatlán department.
Colombia, officially the Republic of Colombia, is a sovereign state largely situated in the northwest of South America, with territories in Central America.
Conquistadors (from Spanish or Portuguese conquistadores "conquerors") is a term used to refer to the soldiers and explorers of the Spanish Empire or the Portuguese Empire in a general sense.
Conservatism is a political and social philosophy promoting traditional social institutions in the context of culture and civilization.
A Constitutional republic is a republic that operates under a system of separation of powers, where both the chief executive and members of the legislature are elected by the citizens and must govern within an existing written constitution.
Costa Rica ("Rich Coast"), officially the Republic of Costa Rica (República de Costa Rica), is a country in Central America, bordered by Nicaragua to the north, Panama to the southeast, the Pacific Ocean to the west, the Caribbean Sea to the east, and Ecuador to the south of Cocos Island.
A coup d'état, also known simply as a coup, a putsch, golpe de estado, or an overthrow, is a type of revolution, where the illegal and overt seizure of a state by the military or other elites within the state apparatus occurs.
Crescentia alata (variously called Mexican calabash, jícaro, morro, morrito, winged calabash) is a species in the trumpet-flower family Bignoniaceae and in the calabash trees genus Crescentia, native to southern Mexico and Central America south to Costa Rica.
Crime Stoppers or Crimestoppers is a program in many communities in North America that allows persons to provide anonymous information about criminal activity.
Cuba, officially the Republic of Cuba, is a country comprising the island of Cuba as well as Isla de la Juventud and several minor archipelagos.
Cucumber (Cucumis sativus) is a widely cultivated plant in the gourd family, Cucurbitaceae.
Cumbia folkloric rhythm and dance from Colombia.
Curtido is a type of lightly fermented cabbage relish.
Cuscatlán is a department of El Salvador, located in the center of the country.
Cuvieronius is an extinct New World genus of gomphothere and is named after the French naturalist Georges Cuvier. Alive, specimens stood, on average, about tall at the shoulder, weighed about and would have superficially resembled modern elephants with spiral-shaped tusks.
Cuzcatlan (Nawat: Kuskatan) was a pre-Columbian Nahua state of the postclassical period that extended from the Paz river to the Lempa river (covering most of the western and central zones of the present Republic of El Salvador), this was the nation that Spanish chroniclers came to call the Pipils/Cuzcatlecs.
The Czech Republic (Česká republika), also known by its short-form name Czechia (Česko), is a landlocked country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east and Poland to the northeast.
The Day of the Dead (Día de Muertos) is a Mexican holiday celebrated throughout Mexico, in particular the Central and South regions, and by people of Mexican ancestry living in other places, especially the United States.
A death squad is an armed group that conducts extrajudicial killings or forced disappearances of persons for the purposes of political repression, genocide, or revolutionary terror.
El Salvador is divided into 14 departments (Spanish: departamentos) for administrative purposes, subdivided into 262 municipalities (Spanish: municipios).
The Dominican Republic (República Dominicana) is a sovereign state located in the island of Hispaniola, in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean region.
The Dominican Republic–Central America Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA-DR) is a free trade agreement (legally a treaty under international law, but not under U.S. law).
A drought is a period of below-average precipitation in a given region, resulting in prolonged shortages in the water supply, whether atmospheric, surface water or ground water.
The drum is a member of the percussion group of musical instruments.
An earthquake (also known as a quake, tremor or temblor) is the shaking of the surface of the Earth, resulting from the sudden release of energy in the Earth's lithosphere that creates seismic waves.
The ease of doing business index is an index created by Simeon Djankov at the World Bank Group.
Easter,Traditional names for the feast in English are "Easter Day", as in the Book of Common Prayer, "Easter Sunday", used by James Ussher and Samuel Pepys and plain "Easter", as in books printed in,, also called Pascha (Greek, Latin) or Resurrection Sunday, is a festival and holiday celebrating the resurrection of Jesus from the dead, described in the New Testament as having occurred on the third day of his burial after his crucifixion by the Romans at Calvary 30 AD.
Economic stability is the absence of excessive fluctuations in the macroeconomy.
The El Calabozo massacre was an incident during the Salvadoran Civil War on August 21–22 1982, in which more than two hundred people, including children and elderly, were reportedly killed at El Calabozo by the Atlacatl Battalion of the Salvadoran Army.
El Diario de Hoy is a morning newspaper in El Salvador.
The El Mozote Massacre took place in and around the village of El Mozote, in Morazán department, El Salvador, on December 11, 1981, when the Salvadoran Army killed more than 800 civilians during the Salvadoran Civil War.
El Niño is the warm phase of the El Niño Southern Oscillation (commonly called ENSO) and is associated with a band of warm ocean water that develops in the central and east-central equatorial Pacific (between approximately the International Date Line and 120°W), including off the Pacific coast of South America.
El Salvador, officially the Republic of El Salvador (República de El Salvador, literally "Republic of The Savior"), is the smallest and the most densely populated country in Central America.
El Salvador national football team (Selección de Fútbol de El Salvador) is governed by the Salvadoran Football Federation (FESFUT).
The El Salvador Reconstruction and Development Project is a charitable volunteer project from Imperial College London's Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering which was launched in reaction to two major earthquakes that struck the country of El Salvador in 2001.
The Estadio Cuscatlán is a football stadium located in San Salvador, El Salvador.
The executive is the organ exercising authority in and holding responsibility for the governance of a state.
Extreme poverty, abject poverty, absolute poverty, destitution, or penury, was originally defined by the United Nations in 1995 as "a condition characterized by severe deprivation of basic human needs, including food, safe drinking water, sanitation facilities, health, shelter, education and information.
A famine is a widespread scarcity of food, caused by several factors including war, inflation, crop failure, population imbalance, or government policies.
Agustín Farabundo Martí Rodríguez (May 5, 1893 – February 1, 1932), popularly known as Farabundo Martí, was a Marxist-Leninist activist and a revolutionary leader in El Salvador during the 1932 Salvadoran peasant massacre.
The Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front (in Spanish: Frente Farabundo Martí para la Liberación Nacional, FMLN) is one of the two major political parties in El Salvador.
The Federal Republic of Central America (República Federal de Centroamérica), also called the United Provinces of Central America (Provincias Unidas del Centro de América) in its first year of creation, was a sovereign state in Central America consisting of the territories of the former Captaincy General of Guatemala of New Spain.
José Eduardo Sancho Castañeda, better known by hius nom de guerre Fermán Cienfuegos (born 6 March 1947) was the leader of the Salvadoran organization Fuerzas Armadas de la Resistencia Nacional (National Resistance Armed Forces in English, part of Resistencia Nacional or RN).
Fernaldia pandurata (common name: loroco) is a vine with edible flowers, widespread in Mexico and Central America.
Fernando Llort Choussy (born April 7, 1949 in San Salvador, El Salvador) is an internationally recognized Salvadoran artist, called "El Salvador's National Artist" by the Foundation for Self Sufficiency in Central America (now called EcoViva).
The Fiesta de las Cruces ("Festival of the Crosses") or Cruz de Mayo ("May Cross") is a holiday celebrated on the 3rd of May in many parts of Spain and Hispanic America.
The FIFA World Cup, often simply called the World Cup, is an international association football competition contested by the senior men's national teams of the members of the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the sport's global governing body.
The Mexican Empire (Imperio Mexicano) was a short-lived monarchy and the first independent post-colonial state in Mexico.
The flute is a family of musical instruments in the woodwind group.
The Football War (La guerra del fútbol), also known as the Soccer War or the 100 Hour War, was a brief war fought between El Salvador and Honduras in 1969.
Foreign-exchange reserves (also called forex reserves or FX reserves) is money or other assets held by a central bank or other monetary authority so that it can pay if need be its liabilities, such as the currency issued by the central bank, as well as the various bank reserves deposited with the central bank by the government and other financial institutions.
Francisco Guillermo Flores Pérez (October 17, 1959 – January 30, 2016) was a Salvadoran politician who served as President of El Salvador from 1999 to 2004 as a member of the conservative Nationalist Republican Alliance (ARENA).
Francisco Antonio Gavidia Guandique (1863 in San Miguel - 24 September 1955 in San Salvador) was a prominent Salvadoran writer, historian, politician, speaker, translator, educator and journalist.
In economics, a free market is an idealized system in which the prices for goods and services are determined by the open market and consumers, in which the laws and forces of supply and demand are free from any intervention by a government, price-setting monopoly, or other authority.
Free trade is a free market policy followed by some international markets in which countries' governments do not restrict imports from, or exports to, other countries.
The Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA; Área de Libre Comercio de las Américas, ALCA; Zone de libre-échange des Amériques, ZLÉA; Área de Livre Comércio das Américas, ALCA; Vrijhandelszone van Amerika) was a proposed agreement to eliminate or reduce the trade barriers among all countries in the Americas, excluding Cuba.
A free-trade zone (FTZ) is a specific class of special economic zone.
The French Revolution (Révolution française) was a period of far-reaching social and political upheaval in France and its colonies that lasted from 1789 until 1799.
The Galápagos green turtle (Chelonia agassizii) used to be classified as a subspecies of the green sea turtle (Chelonia mydas) but was changed for a few reasons.
A gang is a group of associates, friends or members of a family with a defined leadership and internal organization that identifies with or claims control over territory in a community and engages, either individually or collectively, in illegal, and possibly violent, behavior.
The güiro is a Latin American percussion instrument consisting of an open-ended, hollow gourd with parallel notches cut in one side.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
Giant tortoises are characteristic reptiles that are currently found on two groups of tropical islands: the Aldabra Atoll and Fregate Island in Seychelles and the Galapagos Islands in Ecuador (a population at the Mascarene Islands was exterminated by the 1900s).
Giovanni Gil, also known as Hector Giovanni Gil Portillo (San Salvador, December 19, 1971) is a plastic artist and one of the greatest exhibitors of Engraving in El Salvador.
Glyptodon (from Greek for "grooved or carved tooth" – Greek γλυπτός sculptured + ὀδοντ-, ὀδούς tooth) was a genus of large, armored mammals of the subfamily Glyptodontinae (glyptodonts or glyptodontines) – relatives of armadillos – that lived during the Pleistocene epoch.
The Goascorán River or Río Goascorán is a river in Honduras and El Salvador that divides the two countries.
Gonzalo de Alvarado was the name of two Spanish conquistadors, both related to Pedro de Alvarado and participating in the conquest of Mexico and Central America.
A gourd is a plant of the family Cucurbitaceae, particularly Cucurbita and Lagenaria or the fruit of the two genera of Bignoniaceae "calabash tree", Crescentia and Amphitecna.
A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, often a state.
Grand Alliance for National Unity (Gran Alianza por la Unidad Nacional or GANA) is a political party in El Salvador.
Río Grande de San Miguel is a river in southern El Salvador, Central America.
The Great American Interchange was an important late Cenozoic paleozoogeographic event in which land and freshwater fauna migrated from North America via Central America to South America and vice versa, as the volcanic Isthmus of Panama rose up from the sea floor and bridged the formerly separated continents.
The Greater Republic of Central America was a short-lived union between Honduras, Nicaragua, and El Salvador, lasting from 1896 to 1898.
Gross domestic product (GDP) is a monetary measure of the market value of all final goods and services produced in a period (quarterly or yearly) of time.
Guatemala, officially the Republic of Guatemala (República de Guatemala), is a country in Central America bordered by Mexico to the north and west, the Pacific Ocean to the southwest, Belize to the northeast, the Caribbean to the east, Honduras to the east and El Salvador to the southeast.
Guatemala City (Ciudad de Guatemala), locally known as Guatemala or Guate, officially Nueva Guatemala de la Asunción (New Guatemala of the Assumption), is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Guatemala, and the most populous in Central America.
Guerrilla warfare is a form of irregular warfare in which a small group of combatants, such as paramilitary personnel, armed civilians, or irregulars, use military tactics including ambushes, sabotage, raids, petty warfare, hit-and-run tactics, and mobility to fight a larger and less-mobile traditional military.
Guillermo Manuel Ungo Revelo (September 3, 1931 – February 28, 1991) was a Salvadoran social democratic politician.
The guitar is a fretted musical instrument that usually has six strings.
The Gulf of Fonseca (Golfo de Fonseca), part of the Pacific Ocean, is a gulf on Central America, bordering El Salvador, Honduras, and Nicaragua.
The hawksbill sea turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata) is a critically endangered sea turtle belonging to the family Cheloniidae.
A head of government (or chief of government) is a generic term used for either the highest or second highest official in the executive branch of a sovereign state, a federated state, or a self-governing colony, (commonly referred to as countries, nations or nation-states) who often presides over a cabinet, a group of ministers or secretaries who lead executive departments.
A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona that officially represents the national unity and legitimacy of a sovereign state.
A holiday is a day set aside by custom or by law on which normal activities, especially business or work including school, are suspended or reduced.
Holy Week (Latin: Hebdomas Sancta or Hebdomas Maior, "Greater Week"; Greek: Ἁγία καὶ Μεγάλη Ἑβδομάς, Hagia kai Megale Hebdomas, "Holy and Great Week") in Christianity is the week just before Easter.
Hondurans (Spanish: Hondureños) are people inhabiting in, originating from, or having significant heritage from Honduras.
Honduras, officially the Republic of Honduras (República de Honduras), is a republic in Central America.
Horchata, or orxata, is the name of several kinds of beverages, made of ground rice.
Hungary (Magyarország) is a country in Central Europe that covers an area of in the Carpathian Basin, bordered by Slovakia to the north, Ukraine to the northeast, Austria to the northwest, Romania to the east, Serbia to the south, Croatia to the southwest, and Slovenia to the west.
Hurricane Mitch was the second-deadliest Atlantic hurricane on record, causing over 11,000 fatalities in Central America, with over 7,000 occurring in Honduras alone due to the catastrophic flooding it wrought due to the slow motion of the storm.
Ignacio Ellacuría, S.J. (Portugalete, Biscay, Spain, November 9, 1930 – San Salvador, November 16, 1989) was a Jesuit priest, philosopher, and theologian who did important work as a professor and rector at the Universidad Centroamericana "José Simeón Cañas" (UCA), a Jesuit university in El Salvador founded in 1965.
Ignacio Martín-Baró, S.J. (November 7, 1942 in Valladolid, Castilla y Leon, Spain – November 16, 1989 in San Salvador, El Salvador) was a scholar, social psychologist, philosopher and Jesuit priest.
Imperial College London (officially Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine) is a public research university located in London, United Kingdom.
Income is the consumption and savings opportunity gained by an entity within a specified timeframe, which is generally expressed in monetary terms.
Independence is a condition of a nation, country, or state in which its residents and population, or some portion thereof, exercise self-government, and usually sovereignty, over the territory.
The following is an alphabetical list of topics related to the Republic of El Salvador.
Indigo dye is an organic compound with a distinctive blue color (see indigo).
Indigofera is a large genus of over 750 species of flowering plants belonging to the pea family Fabaceae.
In economics, inflation is a sustained increase in price level of goods and services in an economy over a period of time.
The title of intendant (intendant, Portuguese and intendente) has been used in several countries through history.
The International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID) is an international arbitration institution established in 1966 for legal dispute resolution and conciliation between international investors.
International Futures (IFs) is a global integrated assessment model designed to help in thinking strategically and systematically about key global systems (economic, demographic, education, health, environment, technology, domestic governance, infrastructure, agriculture, energy and environment) housed at the Frederick S. Pardee Center for International Futures.
The International Society for Krishna Consciousness (ISKCON), known colloquially as the Hare Krishna movement or Hare Krishnas, is a Gaudiya Vaishnava Hindu religious organisation.
Intibucá is one of the 18 departments in the Republic of Honduras.
Izalco is a stratovolcano on the side of the Santa Ana Volcano, which is located in western El Salvador.
Jehovah's Witnesses is a millenarian restorationist Christian denomination with nontrinitarian beliefs distinct from mainstream Christianity.
Jesus, also referred to as Jesus of Nazareth and Jesus Christ, was a first-century Jewish preacher and religious leader.
Jews (יְהוּדִים ISO 259-3, Israeli pronunciation) or Jewish people are an ethnoreligious group and a nation, originating from the Israelites Israelite origins and kingdom: "The first act in the long drama of Jewish history is the age of the Israelites""The people of the Kingdom of Israel and the ethnic and religious group known as the Jewish people that descended from them have been subjected to a number of forced migrations in their history" and Hebrews of the Ancient Near East.
Jiboa River is a river of El Salvador.
The Jiquilisco Bay Biosphere Reserve is located on the southeast Pacific coast of El Salvador, in the department of Usulután.
Joaquín Villalobos (born 1951 in San Salvador) is an international authority on security and conflict resolution, and was formerly a Salvadoran guerrilla leader and politician.
Jorge Meléndez Ramírez (April 15, 1871 in San Salvador, El Salvador – November 22, 1953), was born to Rafael Meléndez and Mercedes Ramírez (daughter of Norberto Ramírez).
José Matías Delgado y León (February 24, 1767, San Salvador – November 12, 1832, San Salvador) was a Salvadoran priest and doctor known as El Padre de la Patria Salvadoreña (The Father of the Salvadoran Fatherland).
José Napoleón Duarte Fuentes (November 23, 1925 – February 23, 1990) was a Salvadoran politician who served as President of El Salvador from June 1, 1984 to June 1, 1989.
José Roberto Cea is a pre-eminent contemporary Salvadoran novelist and poet.
Joya de Cerén (Jewel of Cerén in the Spanish language) is an archaeological site in La Libertad Department, El Salvador, featuring a pre-Columbian Maya farming village.
Juayúa is a municipality in the Sonsonate department of El Salvador.
The judiciary (also known as the judicial system or court system) is the system of courts that interprets and applies the law in the name of the state.
Colonel Julio Adalberto Rivera Carballo (September 2, 1921 – July 29, 1973) was 34th President of El Salvador 1 July 1962 - 1 July 1967.
Juvenile delinquency, also known as "juvenile offending", is participation in illegal behavior by minors (juveniles, i.e. individuals younger than the statutory age of majority).
The Kyoto Protocol is an international treaty which extends the 1992 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) that commits state parties to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, based on the scientific consensus that (part one) global warming is occurring and (part two) it is extremely likely that human-made CO2 emissions have predominantly caused it.
La Libertad is one of the departments of El Salvador and is located in the southwest of the country.
La Libertad (Liberty) is a municipality in the La Libertad Department of El Salvador.
La Mano Dura ("Firm Hand" or "Iron Fist") is a term used to describe a set of tough-on-crime policies put in place by the Salvadoran government in response to the problem of gang violence.
La Niña is a coupled ocean-atmosphere phenomenon that is the counterpart of El Niño as part of the broader El Niño–Southern Oscillation climate pattern.
La Paz is a department of El Salvador in the south central area of the country.
La Unión is a department of El Salvador.
La Unión is a municipality in La Unión Department of El Salvador.
Labour economics seeks to understand the functioning and dynamics of the markets for wage labour.
Lake Güija is a lake in Central America.
Lake Ilopango is a crater lake which fills a scenic 8 by 11 km (72 km2 or 28 sq mi) volcanic caldera in central El Salvador, on the borders of the San Salvador, La Paz, and Cuscatlán departments.
The term landslide or, less frequently, landslip, refers to several forms of mass wasting that include a wide range of ground movements, such as rockfalls, deep-seated slope failures, mudflows and debris flows.
Latin American cuisine is the typical foods, beverages, and cooking styles common to many of the countries and cultures in Latin America.
The leatherback sea turtle (Dermochelys coriacea), sometimes called the lute turtle or leathery turtle or simply the luth, is the largest of all living turtles and is the fourth-heaviest modern reptile behind three crocodilians.
The Legislative Assembly (Spanish: Asamblea Legislativa) is the legislative branch of the government of El Salvador.
A legislature is a deliberative assembly with the authority to make laws for a political entity such as a country or city.
The Lempa River (Río Lempa) is a long river in Central America.
Lempira was a war chieftain of the Lencas of western Honduras in Central America during the 1530s, when he led resistance to Francisco de Montejo's attempts to conquer and incorporate the region into the province of Honduras.
The Lenca are an indigenous people of southwestern Honduras and eastern El Salvador in Central America.
Lettuce (Lactuca sativa) is an annual plant of the daisy family, Asteraceae.
Liberalism is a political and moral philosophy based on liberty and equality.
The Country Studies are works published by the Federal Research Division of the United States Library of Congress, freely available for use by researchers.
A caricaturist is an artist who specializes in drawing caricatures.
This is a list of the world's countries and their dependent territories by area, ranked by total area.
Notable earthquakes in the history of El Salvador include the following.
This is a list of famous or notable people born in El Salvador or of Salvadoran descent (also see Salvadoran American).
This article includes three versions of the list of countries by crude birth rate.
This article includes two versions of the list of countries by crude mortality rate.
This is a list of universities and specialized institutions in El Salvador.
Luis de Moscoso Alvarado (1505 – 1551) was a Spanish explorer and conquistador.
Manlio Argueta (November 24, 1935-) is a Salvadoran writer, critic, and novelist born in 1935.
A mara (or marabunta) is a form of gang originating in the United States, which spread to Central American countries such as El Salvador, Honduras and Guatemala.
In political science, Marxism–Leninism is the ideology of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, of the Communist International and of Stalinist political parties.
Masa or masa harina is a maize (corn) flour or dough that has been soaked and cooked in an alkaline solution in the nixtamalization process.
Carlos Mauricio Funes Cartagena (born October 18, 1959) is a Salvadoran politician who was President of El Salvador from June 1, 2009 to June 1, 2014.
Maximiliano Hernández Martínez (October 20, 1882 – May 15, 1966) was the Acting President of El Salvador from 1931 to 1934 and the 30th President of El Salvador from 1935 to 1944.
The Maya civilization was a Mesoamerican civilization developed by the Maya peoples, and noted for its hieroglyphic script—the only known fully developed writing system of the pre-Columbian Americas—as well as for its art, architecture, mathematics, calendar, and astronomical system.
The Maya peoples are a large group of Indigenous peoples of Mesoamerica.
The Mayan languagesIn linguistics, it is conventional to use Mayan when referring to the languages, or an aspect of a language.
Mayonnaise (also), informally mayo, is a thick cold sauce or dressing usually used in sandwiches and composed salads.
Meanguera del Golfo is a municipality in the La Unión department of El Salvador.
In terrestrial zoology, megafauna (from Greek μέγας megas "large" and New Latin fauna "animal life") are large or giant animals.
Megatherium (from the Greek mega, meaning "great", and therion, "beast") was a genus of elephant-sized ground sloths endemic to South America, sometimes called the giant ground sloth, that lived from the Early Pliocene through the end of the Pleistocene.
Mesoamerica is an important historical region and cultural area in the Americas, extending from approximately central Mexico through Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and northern Costa Rica, and within which pre-Columbian societies flourished before the Spanish colonization of the Americas in the 15th and 16th centuries.
Mestizo is a term traditionally used in Spain, Latin America, and the Philippines that originally referred a person of combined European and Native American descent, regardless of where the person was born.
Mexico City, or the City of Mexico (Ciudad de México,; abbreviated as CDMX), is the capital of Mexico and the most populous city in North America.
The moment magnitude scale (MMS; denoted as Mw or M) is one of many seismic magnitude scales used to measure the size of earthquakes.
Monseñor Óscar Arnulfo Romero International Airport (Spanish: Aeropuerto Internacional Monseñor Óscar Arnulfo Romero), previously known as Comalapa International Airport (Spanish: Aeropuerto Internacional de El Salvador); previous Official name El Salvador International Airport (Spanish: Aeropuerto Internacional El Salvador). is an airport located about from San Salvador in El Salvador.
Morazán is a department of El Salvador.
Mara Salvatrucha (MS), also known as MS-13 (the 13 representing their Sureño affiliation), is an international criminal gang that originated in Los Angeles, California, in the 1980s.
The Multi Fibre Arrangement (MFA) governed the world trade in textiles and garments from 1974 through 2004, imposing quotas on the amount developing countries could export to developed countries.
A multi-party system is a system in which multiple political parties across the political spectrum run for national election, and all have the capacity to gain control of government offices, separately or in coalition.
The departments of El Salvador are divided into 262 municipalities or municipios.
A Muslim (مُسلِم) is someone who follows or practices Islam, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion.
Mustard is a condiment made from the seeds of a mustard plant (white/ yellow mustard, Sinapis alba; brown/ Indian mustard, Brassica juncea; or black mustard, Brassica nigra).
The Nahuan or Aztecan languages are those languages of the Uto-Aztecan language family that have undergone a sound change, known as Whorf's law, that changed an original *t to /tɬ/ before *a.
Nahuizalco is a municipality in the Sonsonate department of El Salvador.
The Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815) were a series of major conflicts pitting the French Empire and its allies, led by Napoleon I, against a fluctuating array of European powers formed into various coalitions, financed and usually led by the United Kingdom.
"Himno Nacional de El Salvador" (National Anthem of El Salvador) is the national anthem of El Salvador.
The National Coalition Party (Partido de Concertación Nacional, PCN) is a nationalist political party in El Salvador.
National Opposition Union (Unión Nacional Opositora—UNO) was a wide-range coalition of opposition parties formed to oppose Nicaragua's president Daniel Ortega in the 1990 election.
The Nationalist Republican Alliance (Alianza Republicana Nacionalista, ARENA) is a right-wing political party of El Salvador.
The Viceroyalty of New Spain (Virreinato de la Nueva España) was an integral territorial entity of the Spanish Empire, established by Habsburg Spain during the Spanish colonization of the Americas.
In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.
Nicaragua, officially the Republic of Nicaragua, is the largest country in the Central American isthmus, bordered by Honduras to the north, the Caribbean to the east, Costa Rica to the south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
Nicaraguans (Nicaragüense; also Nica, Nicoya and Pinolero) are people inhabiting in, originating or having significant heritage from Nicaragua.
Noe Canjura (Apopa, El Salvador, August 14, 1922 - Morienval, France, September 29, 1970) was a Salvadoran painter and a prominent figure in 20th century modern art in France.
North American Congress in Latin America (NACLA) is a left-wing non-profit organization founded in 1966 to provide information on trends in Latin America and relations between Latin America and the United States.
Oligarchy is a form of power structure in which power rests with a small number of people.
The olive ridley sea turtle (Lepidochelys olivacea), also known as the Pacific ridley sea turtle, are smallest and most abundant of all sea turtles found in the world, species of sea turtle found in warm and tropical waters, primarily in the Pacific and Indian Oceans.
The Olmecs were the earliest known major civilization in Mexico following a progressive development in Soconusco.
The onion (Allium cepa L., from Latin cepa "onion"), also known as the bulb onion or common onion, is a vegetable that is the most widely cultivated species of the genus Allium.
The Organization of American States (Organización de los Estados Americanos, Organização dos Estados Americanos, Organisation des États américains), or the OAS or OEA, is a continental organization that was founded on 30 April 1948, for the purposes of regional solidarity and cooperation among its member states.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to El Salvador: El Salvador – sovereign country located on the Pacific Coast of Central America.
The Pacific Rim Mining Corporation is a Vancouver, Canada-based multinational mining company that works throughout the Americas.
Palestinian Christians (مسيحيون فلسطينيون) are Christian citizens of the State of Palestine.
Palestinian Salvadorans (فلسطينيو السلفادور) are Salvadoran citizens of Palestinian descent or Palestine-born people residing in El Salvador.
Panama (Panamá), officially the Republic of Panama (República de Panamá), is a country in Central America, bordered by Costa Rica to the west, Colombia to the southeast, the Caribbean Sea to the north and the Pacific Ocean to the south.
Patricia Chica also known as Chicatronica is a Canadian film and television director, producer, writer, international speaker and master networker.
The Río Paz is a river in southern Guatemala.
Pío Romero Bosque (1860, Suchitoto – 10 December 1935) was President of El Salvador 1 March 1927–1 March 1931.
A peasant is a pre-industrial agricultural laborer or farmer, especially one living in the Middle Ages under feudalism and paying rent, tax, fees or services to a landlord.
Pedro de Alvarado y Contreras (Badajoz, Extremadura, Spain, ca. 1485 – Guadalajara, New Spain, 4 July 1541) was a Spanish conquistador and governor of Guatemala.
Pedro Geoffroy Rivas (September 16, 1908 in Santa Ana, El Salvador – November 10, 1979 in San Salvador, El Salvador) was an anthropologist, poet, and linguist.
The Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) is the armed forces of the People's Republic of China (PRC) and Communist Party of China (CPC).
Pipil (natively Nawat) is a Uto-Toltec or Uto-Nicarao language of the Uto-Aztecan family, which stretches from Utah in the United States down through El Salvador to Nicaragua in Central America.
The Pipils or Cuzcatlecs are an indigenous people who live in western El Salvador, which they call Cuzcatlan.
A plantation is a large-scale farm that specializes in cash crops.
Plate tectonics (from the Late Latin tectonicus, from the τεκτονικός "pertaining to building") is a scientific theory describing the large-scale motion of seven large plates and the movements of a larger number of smaller plates of the Earth's lithosphere, since tectonic processes began on Earth between 3 and 3.5 billion years ago.
In geology and physical geography a plateau (or; plural plateaus or plateaux),is also called a high plain or a tableland, it is an area of a highland, usually consisting of relatively flat terrain that is raised significantly above the surrounding area, often with one or more sides with steep slopes.
The Pleistocene (often colloquially referred to as the Ice Age) is the geological epoch which lasted from about 2,588,000 to 11,700 years ago, spanning the world's most recent period of repeated glaciations.
Poland (Polska), officially the Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska), is a country located in Central Europe.
A political party is an organised group of people, often with common views, who come together to contest elections and hold power in government.
Population density (in agriculture: standing stock and standing crop) is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume; it is a quantity of type number density.
A port is a maritime commercial facility which may comprise one or more wharves where ships may dock to load and discharge passengers and cargo.
The president is a common title for the head of state in most republics.
The position of President of El Salvador was created in the Constitution of 1841.
A presidential system is a democratic and republican system of government where a head of government leads an executive branch that is separate from the legislative branch.
The Proboscidea (from the Greek προβοσκίς and the Latin proboscis) are a taxonomic order of afrotherian mammals containing one living family, Elephantidae, and several extinct families.
Protestantism is the second largest form of Christianity with collectively more than 900 million adherents worldwide or nearly 40% of all Christians.
A pumpkin seed, also known as a pepita (from the Mexican pepita de calabaza, "little seed of squash"), is the edible seed of a pumpkin or certain other cultivars of squash.
A pupusa (from Pipil pupusawa) is a traditional Salvadoran dish of a thick corn tortilla stuffed with a savory filling.
Purchasing power parity (PPP) is a neoclassical economic theory that states that the exchange rate between two countries is equal to the ratio of the currencies' respective purchasing power.
A pyroclastic flow (also known as a pyroclastic density current or a pyroclastic cloud) is a fast-moving current of hot gas and volcanic matter (collectively known as tephra) that moves away from a volcano reaching speeds of up to.
The Q'eqchi' language, also spelled Kekchi, K'ekchi', or kekchí, is one of the Mayan languages, spoken within Q'eqchi' communities in Guatemala and Belize.
Quesillo (meaning "little cheese") refers to different Latin American and Spanish foods or dishes depending on the country.
Rafael Antonio Gutiérrez was born in Ilobasco, Cabañas Department, El Salvador on 24 October 1845.
Rail transport is a means of transferring of passengers and goods on wheeled vehicles running on rails, also known as tracks.
Refried beans (Spanish: frijoles refritos) is a dish of cooked and mashed beans and is a traditional staple of Mexican and Tex-Mex cuisine, although each cuisine has a different approach when making the dish.
A remittance is a transfer of money by a foreign worker to an individual in their home country.
Representative democracy (also indirect democracy, representative republic or psephocracy) is a type of democracy founded on the principle of elected officials representing a group of people, as opposed to direct democracy.
A republic (res publica) is a form of government in which the country is considered a "public matter", not the private concern or property of the rulers.
In accounting, revenue is the income that a business has from its normal business activities, usually from the sale of goods and services to customers.
The Revolutionary Government Junta of El Salvador (Junta Revolucionaria de Gobierno, JRG) was the military dictatorship that ruled El Salvador between October 15, 1979 and May 2, 1982.
The so-called Richter magnitude scale – more accurately, Richter's magnitude scale, or just Richter magnitude – for measuring the strength ("size") of earthquakes refers to the original "magnitude scale" developed by Charles F. Richter and presented in his landmark 1935 paper, and later revised and renamed the Local magnitude scale, denoted as "ML" or "ML".
The Ring of Fire is a major area in the basin of the Pacific Ocean where many earthquakes and volcanic eruptions occur.
Roberto D'Aubuisson Arrieta (August 23, 1943 – February 20, 1992) was an extreme-right Salvadoran soldier, politician and death-squad leader.
Roque Antonio Dalton García (San Salvador, El Salvador, 14 May 1935 – Quezaltepeque, El Salvador, 10 May 1975), born Roque Antonio García, better known as Roque Dalton, was a Salvadoran poet, essayist, journalist, political activist, and intellectual.
A saint (also historically known as a hallow) is a person who is recognized as having an exceptional degree of holiness or likeness or closeness to God.
Luis Salvador Efraín Salazar Arrué (October 22, 1899 – November 27, 1975), known as Salarrué (a derivation of his surnames), was a Salvadoran writer, poet and painter Born in Sonsonate to a well-off family, Salarrué trained as a painter at the Corcoran School of Art, in Washington, D.C., from 1916 to 1919.
Salsa music is a popular dance music that initially arose in New York City during the 1960s.
Salvador Sánchez Cerén (born 18 June 1944) is the current President of El Salvador.
The Salvadoran Army (Spanish: Ejército Salvadoreño) is the land branch and largest of the Armed Forces of El Salvador.
The Salvadoran Civil War was a conflict between the military-led government of El Salvador and the Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front (FMLN), a coalition or "umbrella organization" of several left-wing groups.
The colón was the currency of El Salvador between 1892 and 2001, until it was replaced by the U.S. Dollar.
Presidential elections were held in El Salvador on February 2, 2014, with a second round held on March 9 since no candidate won an outright majority.
Salvadoran Spanish is geographically defined as the form of Spanish spoken in the country of El Salvador.
The Salvadorans (Spanish: Salvadoreños), colloquially known as Guanacos, are people who identify with El Salvador.
San Andrés (formerly known as Campana San Andrés) is a pre-Columbian site in El Salvador,Kelly 1996, p.300.
San Francisco Gotera is a municipality in the Morazán department of El Salvador.
San Ignacio is a municipality of El Salvador.
San Miguel is a department in the eastern part of El Salvador.
San Miguel is a city in eastern El Salvador.
San Salvador ("Holy Savior") is the capital and the most populous city of El Salvador and its eponymous department.
San Salvador is a department of El Salvador in the west central part of the country.
San Vicente is a department of El Salvador in the center of the country.
San Vicente is a municipality in the San Vicente department of El Salvador.
Sanitation refers to public health conditions related to clean drinking water and adequate treatment and disposal of human excreta and sewage.
Santa Ana is a department of El Salvador in the northwest of the country.
The Santa Ana Volcano or Ilamatepec (volcán de Santa Ana) is a large stratovolcano located in the Santa Ana department of El Salvador.
Santa Ana is the third largest city in El Salvador,after San Salvador and San Miguel.
Santa Tecla is a municipality in the La Libertad department of El Salvador.
Schafik Jorge Handal (شفيق جورج حنضل; October 14, 1930 – January 24, 2006) was a Salvadoran politician.
Segundo Montes, S.J. (Valladolid, Spain, May 15, 1933 – San Salvador, El Salvador, November 16, 1989) was a scholar, philosopher, educator, sociologist and Jesuit priest.
Sensuntepeque is a town and municipality in the Cabañas department of El Salvador.
Smallpox was an infectious disease caused by one of two virus variants, Variola major and Variola minor.
Social inequality occurs when resources in a given society are distributed unevenly, typically through norms of allocation, that engender specific patterns along lines of socially defined categories of persons.
Social liberalism (also known as modern liberalism or egalitarian liberalism) is a political ideology and a variety of liberalism that endorses a market economy and the expansion of civil and political rights while also believing that the legitimate role of the government includes addressing economic and social issues such as poverty, health care and education.
The Society of Jesus (SJ – from Societas Iesu) is a scholarly religious congregation of the Catholic Church which originated in sixteenth-century Spain.
The Sombra Negra (Spanish for "Black Shadow"), also known as El Clan de Planta ("The Plant Clan"), are (as of 2014) death squad groups based in El Salvador, allegedly composed mostly of police and military personnel, that target criminals and gang members for vigilante justice.
Sonsonate is a department of El Salvador in the western part of the country.
Sonsonate, the capital of the department of Sonsonate, El Salvador; on the Sensunapan River and the railway from San Salvador to the Pacific port of Acajutla, south.
Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.
The overseas expansion under the Crown of Castile was initiated under the royal authority and first accomplished by the Spanish conquistadors.
The Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire, or the Spanish–Aztec War (1519–21), was the conquest of the Aztec Empire by the Spanish Empire within the context of the Spanish colonization of the Americas.
The Spanish Empire (Imperio Español; Imperium Hispanicum), historically known as the Hispanic Monarchy (Monarquía Hispánica) and as the Catholic Monarchy (Monarquía Católica) was one of the largest empires in history.
Spanish or Castilian, is a Western Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in Latin America and Spain.
Stalinism is the means of governing and related policies implemented from the 1920s to 1953 by Joseph Stalin (1878–1953).
Suchitoto is a municipality in the Department of Cuscatlán, El Salvador that has seen continuous human habitation long before Spanish colonization.
The Summits of the Americas (SOA) is a series of international summit meetings bringing together the leaders of countries in the OAS.
The Supreme Court of Justice of El Salvador (Corte Suprema de Justicia de El Salvador) is the highest court of El Salvador.
Surfing is a surface water sport in which the wave rider, referred to as a surfer, rides on the forward or deep face of a moving wave, which is usually carrying the surfer towards the shore.
Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a sovereign state in Europe.
Tazumal is a pre-Columbian Maya archeological site in Chalchuapa, El Salvador.
Telegraphy (from Greek: τῆλε têle, "at a distance" and γράφειν gráphein, "to write") is the long-distance transmission of textual or symbolic (as opposed to verbal or audio) messages without the physical exchange of an object bearing the message.
Country Code: +503 International Call Prefix: 00 National Significant Numbers (NSN): seven or eight digits.
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), often informally known as the Mormon Church, is a nontrinitarian, Christian restorationist church that is considered by its members to be the restoration of the original church founded by Jesus Christ.
Tibet is a historical region covering much of the Tibetan Plateau in Central Asia.
Tlaxcala (Spanish;; from Tlaxcallān), officially the Free and Sovereign State of Tlaxcala (Estado Libre y Soberano de Tlaxcala), is one of the 31 states which along with the Federal District make up the 32 federative entities of Mexico.
Antonio "Toño" Salazar (June 1897 - December 1986) was a Salvadoran caricaturist, illustrator and diplomat.
Tom Thumb is a character of English folklore.
The tomato (see pronunciation) is the edible, often red, fruit/berry of the plant Solanum lycopersicum, commonly known as a tomato plant.
General Tomás Regalado Romero (November 7, 1861 in Santa Ana, El Salvador – July 7, 1906 in Guatemala) was President of El Salvador from 14 November 1898 until 1 March 1903.
Torola River is a river of El Salvador.
Toxodon (meaning "bow tooth") is an extinct genus of South American mammals from the Late Miocene to Middle Holocene epochs (Mayoan to post-Lujanian in the SALMA classification) (about 11.6 million to 5000 years ago).
Trade involves the transfer of goods or services from one person or entity to another, often in exchange for money.
A trade union or trades union, also called a labour union (Canada) or labor union (US), is an organization of workers who have come together to achieve many common goals; such as protecting the integrity of its trade, improving safety standards, and attaining better wages, benefits (such as vacation, health care, and retirement), and working conditions through the increased bargaining power wielded by the creation of a monopoly of the workers.
The trade winds are the prevailing pattern of easterly surface winds found in the tropics, within the lower portion of the Earth's atmosphere, in the lower section of the troposphere near the Earth's equator.
A tropical climate in the Köppen climate classification is a non-arid climate in which all twelve months have mean temperatures of at least.
A tropical cyclone is a rapidly rotating storm system characterized by a low-pressure center, a closed low-level atmospheric circulation, strong winds, and a spiral arrangement of thunderstorms that produce heavy rain.
The Truth Commission for El Salvador (Comisión de la Verdad para El Salvador) was a restorative justice truth commission approved by the United Nations to investigate the grave wrongdoings that occurred throughout the country’s twelve year civil war.
The turkey is a large bird in the genus Meleagris, which is native to the Americas.
A unitary state is a state governed as a single power in which the central government is ultimately supreme and any administrative divisions (sub-national units) exercise only the powers that the central government chooses to delegate.
The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.
The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) was established in 1964 as a permanent intergovernmental body.
The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is an international environmental treaty adopted on 9 May 1992 and opened for signature at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro from 3 to 14 June 1992.
The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA or GA; Assemblée Générale AG) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations (UN), the only one in which all member nations have equal representation, and the main deliberative, policy-making and representative organ of the UN.
The United States dollar (sign: $; code: USD; also abbreviated US$ and referred to as the dollar, U.S. dollar, or American dollar) is the official currency of the United States and its insular territories per the United States Constitution since 1792.
The University of Costa Rica (Spanish: Universidad de Costa Rica, abbreviated UCR) is a public university in the Republic of Costa Rica, in Central America.
The University of El Salvador or Universidad de El Salvador (UES) is the oldest and the most prominent university institutions in El Salvador.
Urbanization refers to the population shift from rural to urban residency, the gradual increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas, and the ways in which each society adapts to this change.
Uruguay, officially the Oriental Republic of Uruguay (República Oriental del Uruguay), is a sovereign state in the southeastern region of South America.
Usulután is the fifth largest city in El Salvador, and capital of the Usulután Department in the south-east of El Salvador.
Usulután from the Nawat language (meaning "city of the ocelots") is a department of El Salvador in the southeast of the country (Lenca region).
Vagrancy is the condition of a person who wanders from place to place homeless with no regular employment nor income, referred to as a vagrant, vagabond, rogue, tramp or drifter.
The Valencian Community, or the Valencian Country, is an autonomous community of Spain.
A value-added tax (VAT), known in some countries as a goods and services tax (GST), is a type of tax that is assessed incrementally, based on the increase in value of a product or service at each stage of production or distribution.
A vernacular, or vernacular language, is the language or variety of a language used in everyday life by the common people of a specific population.
Vice President of El Salvador is a political position in El Salvador which is elected concurrently with the position of President of El Salvador.
The Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI) is a relative measure of the explosiveness of volcanic eruptions.
A volcano is a rupture in the crust of a planetary-mass object, such as Earth, that allows hot lava, volcanic ash, and gases to escape from a magma chamber below the surface.
In Spanish grammar, voseo is the use of vos as a second person singular pronoun, including its conjugational verb forms in many dialects.
Wastewater treatment is a process used to convert wastewater into an effluent (outflowing of water to a receiving body of water) that can be returned to the water cycle with minimal impact on the environment or directly reused.
Water supply is the provision of water by public utilities commercial organisations, community endeavors or by individuals, usually via a system of pumps and pipes.
Watercress is an aquatic plant species with the botanical name Nasturtium officinale. This should not be confused with the profoundly different and unrelated group of plants with the common name of nasturtium, within the genus Tropaeolum.
White Latin Americans or European Latin Americans are Latin Americans who are considered white, typically due to European, or in some cases Levantine, descent.
A working group or working party is a group of experts working together to achieve specified goals.
The World Bank (Banque mondiale) is an international financial institution that provides loans to countries of the world for capital projects.
The World Trade Organization (WTO) is an intergovernmental organization that regulates international trade.
Zacatecoluca is the capital municipality of the La Paz Department of El Salvador.
.sv is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for El Salvador.
The 13th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 13 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane.
The 14th Dalai Lama (religious name: Tenzin Gyatso, shortened from Jetsun Jamphel Ngawang Lobsang Yeshe Tenzin Gyatso; born Lhamo Thondup, 6 July 1935) is the current Dalai Lama.
The 15th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 15 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane.
The 1811 Independence Movement known in El Salvador as the Primer grito de independencia (First Shout of Independence) was the first of a series of revolts in Central America in El Salvador against Spanish colonialism and dependency on the Captaincy General of Guatemala.
18th Street, also known as Calle 18, Barrio 18, Mara 18, or simply La 18 in Central America, is a multi-ethnic (largely Central American and Mexican) transnational criminal organization that started as a street gang in Los Angeles.
The 1932 Salvadoran peasant massacre occurred on January 22 of that year, in the western departments of El Salvador when a brief peasant-led rebellion was suppressed by the government, then led by Maximiliano Hernández Martínez.
The 1970 FIFA World Cup was the ninth FIFA World Cup, the quadrennial international football championship for men's national teams.
The 1982 FIFA World Cup, the 12th FIFA World Cup, was held in Spain from 13 June to 11 July 1982.
During the Salvadoran Civil War, on 16 November 1989, Salvadoran Army soldiers killed six Jesuits and two others at their residence on the campus of José Simeón Cañas Central American University (UCA El Salvador) in San Salvador, El Salvador.
The meridian 87° west of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, North America, the Gulf of Mexico, the Caribbean Sea, Central America, the Pacific Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.
The meridian 91° west of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, North America, the Gulf of Mexico, Central America, the Pacific Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.
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