88 relations: Abraham Epstein, Abraham Zacuto, Adolf Jellinek, Adolf Neubauer, Aggadah, Angels in Judaism, Anthropomorphism, Asceticism, Asher ben Jehiel, Ashkenazi Hasidim, Astronomer, Bezalel Ashkenazi, Book of Genesis, Book of Ruth, Chaim Yosef David Azulai, Confession (Judaism), Counting of the Omer, Crusades, Duke, Electorate of Mainz, Erfurt, Ernest Renan, Ethics, Fano, Five Megillot, Gematria, Giovanni Bernardo De Rossi, Halakha, Hazzan, Hebrew language, Heimann Joseph Michael, Heinrich Graetz, Holy Roman Empire, Incorporeality, Jerusalem Talmud, Jewish Encyclopedia, Jews, Joseph Solomon Delmedigo, Judah ben Samuel of Regensburg, Kabbalah, Kalonymos family, Kinnot, Kislev, Kol Bo, Leopold Zunz, Leser Landshuth, List of Jewish prayers and blessings, Liturgy, Lublin, Machzor, ..., Mainz, Mantua, Meir of Rothenburg, Menahem Recanati, Menorah (Temple), Merkabah mysticism, Moed, Monotheism, Moritz Steinschneider, Names of God in Judaism, Notarikon, Parashah, Pietism, Piyyut, Prague, Przemyśl, Psalms, Rabbi, Repentance in Judaism, Sefer Yetzirah, Selichot, Sephardi Jews, Shabbethai Donnolo, Shechita, Shi'ur Qomah, Shlomo Halevi Alkabetz, Song of Songs, Takkanot Shum, Talmud, Tannaim, Torah, Tosafot, University of Pennsylvania Press, Vatican Library, Vayeshev, Venice, Worms, Germany, Zunz. Expand index (38 more) » « Shrink index
Abraham Epstein (אברהם עפשטיין; December 19, 1841 – 1918) was a Russo-Austrian rabbinical scholar born in Staro Constantinov, Volhynia.
Abraham Zacuto (אברהם זכות, Abraão ben Samuel Zacuto, also Abraham ben Samuel Zacut and Abraham Zacut) (Salamanca, August 12, 1452 – Damascus, probably 1515) was a Portuguese astronomer, astrologer, mathematician, rabbi and historian who served as Royal Astronomer in the 15th century to King John II of Portugal.
Adolf Jellinek (אהרן ילינק Aharon Jelinek; 26 June 1821 in Drslavice, nearby Uherské Hradiště, Habsburg Moravia (now Czech Republic)28 December 1893 in Vienna) was an Austrian rabbi and scholar.
Adolf Neubauer (11 March 1831 in Bittse (a.k.a. Nagybiccse, Bitsch, Bytča), Upper Hungary, Kingdom of Hungary, Austrian Empire – 6 April 1907, London) was sublibrarian at the Bodleian Library and reader in Rabbinic Hebrew at Oxford University.
Aggadah (Aramaic אַגָּדָה: "tales, lore"; pl. aggadot or (Ashkenazi) aggados; also known as aggad or aggadh or agâdâ) refers to non-legalistic exegetical texts in the classical rabbinic literature of Judaism, particularly as recorded in the Talmud and Midrash.
In Judaism, angels (מַלְאָךְ mal’akh, plural: מלאכים mal’akhim) are supernatural beings that appear throughout the Tanakh (Hebrew Bible), rabbinic literature, apocrypha and pseudepigrapha, and traditional Jewish liturgy.
Anthropomorphism is the attribution of human traits, emotions, or intentions to non-human entities.
Asceticism (from the ἄσκησις áskesis, "exercise, training") is a lifestyle characterized by abstinence from sensual pleasures, often for the purpose of pursuing spiritual goals.
Asher ben Jehiel (אשר בן יחיאל, or Asher ben Yechiel, sometimes Asheri) (1250 or 1259 – 1327) was an eminent rabbi and Talmudist best known for his abstract of Talmudic law.
The Hasidim of Ashkenaz (חסידי אשכנז, trans. Khasidei Ashkenaz; "German Pietists") were a Jewish mystical, ascetic movement in the German Rhineland during the 12th and 13th centuries.
An astronomer is a scientist in the field of astronomy who concentrates their studies on a specific question or field outside the scope of Earth.
Bezalel ben Abraham Ashkenazi (בצלאל בן אברהם אשכנזי) (1520 – 1592) was a rabbi and talmudist who lived in Ottoman Palestine during the 16th century.
The Book of Genesis (from the Latin Vulgate, in turn borrowed or transliterated from Greek "", meaning "Origin"; בְּרֵאשִׁית, "Bərēšīṯ", "In beginning") is the first book of the Hebrew Bible (the Tanakh) and the Old Testament.
The Book of Ruth (מגילת רות, Ashkenazi pronunciation:, Megilath Ruth, "the Scroll of Ruth", one of the Five Megillot) is included in the third division, or the Writings (Ketuvim), of the Hebrew Bible; in most Christian canons it is treated as a history book and placed between Judges and 1 Samuel, as it is set "in the days when the judges judged", although the Syriac Christian tradition places it later, between Ecclesiastes and the Song of Songs.
Haim Yosef David Azulai ben Yitzhak Zerachia (1724 – 1 March 1806), commonly known as the Hida (the acronym of his name), was a Jerusalem born rabbinical scholar, a noted bibliophile, and a pioneer in the publication of Jewish religious writings.
In Judaism, confession (Hebrew וִדּוּי Widduy; Viddui) is a step in the process of atonement during which a Jew admits to committing a sin before God.
Counting of the Omer (Sefirat HaOmer, sometimes abbreviated as Sefira or the Omer) is an important verbal counting of each of the forty-nine days between the Jewish holidays of Passover and Shavuot as stated in the Hebrew Bible:.
The Crusades were a series of religious wars sanctioned by the Latin Church in the medieval period.
A duke (male) or duchess (female) can either be a monarch ruling over a duchy or a member of royalty or nobility, historically of highest rank below the monarch.
The Electorate of Mainz (Kurfürstentum Mainz or Kurmainz, Electoratus Moguntinus), also known in English by its French name, Mayence, was among most prestigious and the most influential states of the Holy Roman Empire from its creation to the dissolution of the HRE in the early years of the 19th century.
Erfurt is the capital and largest city in the state of Thuringia, central Germany.
Joseph Ernest Renan (28 February 1823 – 2 October 1892) was a French expert of Semitic languages and civilizations (philology), philosopher, historian, and writer, devoted to his native province of Brittany.
Ethics or moral philosophy is a branch of philosophy that involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong conduct.
Fano is a town and comune of the province of Pesaro and Urbino in the Marche region of Italy.
The Five Scrolls or The Five Megillot (חמש מגילות, Hamesh Megillot or Chomeish Megillos) are parts of the Ketuvim ("Writings"), the third major section of the Tanakh (Hebrew Bible).
Gematria (גמטריא, plural or, gematriot) originated as an Assyro-Babylonian-Greek system of alphanumeric code or cipher later adopted into Jewish culture that assigns numerical value to a word, name, or phrase in the belief that words or phrases with identical numerical values bear some relation to each other or bear some relation to the number itself as it may apply to Nature, a person's age, the calendar year, or the like.
Giovanni Bernardo De Rossi (October 25, 1742 in Castelnuovo Nigra, Piedmont – March 23, 1831 in Parma) was an Italian Christian Hebraist.
Halakha (הֲלָכָה,; also transliterated as halacha, halakhah, halachah or halocho) is the collective body of Jewish religious laws derived from the Written and Oral Torah.
A hazzan or chazzan (חַזָּן, plural; Yiddish khazn; Ladino hassan) is a Jewish musician or precentor trained in the vocal arts who helps lead the congregation in songful prayer.
Heimann (Hayyim) Michael (April 12, 1792 – June 10, 1846) was a Hebrew bibliographer born at Hamburg.
Heinrich Graetz (31 October 1817 – 7 September 1891) was amongst the first historians to write a comprehensive history of the Jewish people from a Jewish perspective.
The Holy Roman Empire (Sacrum Romanum Imperium; Heiliges Römisches Reich) was a multi-ethnic but mostly German complex of territories in central Europe that developed during the Early Middle Ages and continued until its dissolution in 1806.
Incorporeal or uncarnate means without a physical body, presence or form.
The Jerusalem Talmud (תַּלְמוּד יְרוּשַׁלְמִי, Talmud Yerushalmi, often Yerushalmi for short), also known as the Palestinian Talmud or Talmuda de-Eretz Yisrael (Talmud of the Land of Israel), is a collection of Rabbinic notes on the second-century Jewish oral tradition known as the Mishnah.
The Jewish Encyclopedia is an English encyclopedia containing over 15,000 articles on the history, culture, and state of Judaism and the Jews up to the early 20th century.
Jews (יְהוּדִים ISO 259-3, Israeli pronunciation) or Jewish people are an ethnoreligious group and a nation, originating from the Israelites Israelite origins and kingdom: "The first act in the long drama of Jewish history is the age of the Israelites""The people of the Kingdom of Israel and the ethnic and religious group known as the Jewish people that descended from them have been subjected to a number of forced migrations in their history" and Hebrews of the Ancient Near East.
Joseph Solomon Delmedigo (or Del Medigo), also known as Yashar Mi-Qandia (ישר מקנדיא) (16 June 1591 – 16 October 1655), was a rabbi, author, physician, mathematician, and music theorist.
Judah ben Samuel of Regensburg (1150 – 22 February 1217), also called HeHasid or 'the Pious' in Hebrew, was a leader of the Chassidei Ashkenaz, a movement of Jewish mysticism in Germany considered different from kabbalistic mysticism because it emphasizes specific prayer and moral conduct.
Kabbalah (קַבָּלָה, literally "parallel/corresponding," or "received tradition") is an esoteric method, discipline, and school of thought that originated in Judaism.
Kalonymos or Kalonymus (קלונימוס) is a prominent Jewish family who lived in Italy, which, after the settlement at Mainz and Speyer of several of its members, took during many generations a leading part in the development of Jewish learning in Germany.
Kinnot (קינות; also kinnos, kinoth, qinot, qinoth; singular kinah or kinnah) are dirges (sad poems) or elegies traditionally recited by Jews on Tisha B'Av to mourn the destruction of both the First and Second Temple in Jerusalem and other tragedies in Jewish history, including the Crusades and the Holocaust.
Kislev (Hebrew: כִּסְלֵו, Standard Kislev Tiberian Kislēw; also Chislev) is the third month of the civil year and the ninth month of the ecclesiastical year on the Hebrew calendar.
Kol Bo (Hebrew: כל-בו) is a collection of Jewish ritual and civil laws.
Leopold Zunz (יום טוב צונץ—Yom Tov Tzuntz, ליפמן צונץ—Lipmann Zunz; 10 August 1794 – 17 March 1886) was the founder of academic Judaic Studies (Wissenschaft des Judentums), the critical investigation of Jewish literature, hymnology and ritual.
Leser Landshuth (15 January 1817 – 23 March 1887) was a German Jewish liturgiologist.
Listed below are some Hebrew prayers and blessings that are part of Judaism that are recited by many Jews.
Liturgy is the customary public worship performed by a religious group, according to its beliefs, customs and traditions.
Lublin (Lublinum) is the ninth largest city in Poland and the second largest city of Lesser Poland.
The mahzor (מחזור, alternately romanised machzor, plural mahzorim, and, respectively) is the prayer book used by Jews on the High Holy Days of Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur.
Satellite view of Mainz (south of the Rhine) and Wiesbaden Mainz (Mogontiacum, Mayence) is the capital and largest city of the state of Rhineland-Palatinate in Germany.
Mantua (Mantova; Emilian and Latin: Mantua) is a city and comune in Lombardy, Italy, and capital of the province of the same name.
Meir of Rothenburg (1215 – 2 May 1293) was a German Rabbi and poet, a major author of the tosafot on Rashi's commentary on the Talmud.
Menahem ben Benjamin Recanati (1223–1290) (מנחם בן בנימין ריקנטי) was an Italian rabbi who flourished during the thirteenth century.
The menorah (מְנוֹרָה) is described in the Bible as the seven-lamp (six branches) ancient Hebrew lampstand made of pure gold and used in the portable sanctuary set up by Moses in the wilderness and later in the Temple in Jerusalem.
Merkabah/Merkavah mysticism (or Chariot mysticism) is a school of early Jewish mysticism, c. 100 BCE – 1000 CE, centered on visions such as those found in the Book of Ezekiel chapter 1, or in the hekhalot ("palaces") literature, concerning stories of ascents to the heavenly palaces and the Throne of God.
Moed (מועד, "Festivals") is the second Order of the Mishnah, the first written recording of the Oral Torah of the Jewish people (also the Tosefta and Talmud).
Monotheism has been defined as the belief in the existence of only one god that created the world, is all-powerful and intervenes in the world.
Moritz Steinschneider (30 March 1816, Prostějov, Moravia, Austria – 24 January 1907, Berlin) was a Bohemian bibliographer and Orientalist.
The name of God most often used in the Hebrew Bible is the Tetragrammaton (YHWH). It is frequently anglicized as Jehovah and Yahweh and written in most English editions of the Bible as "the " owing to the Jewish tradition viewing the divine name as increasingly too sacred to be uttered.
Notarikon (נוטריקון Noṭariqōn) is a method of deriving a word, by using each of its initial (Hebrew) or final letters to stand for another, to form a sentence or idea out of the words.
The term parashah (פָּרָשָׁה Pārāšâ "portion", Tiberian, Sephardi, plural: parashot or parashiyot) formally means a section of a biblical book in the Masoretic Text of the Tanakh (Hebrew Bible).
Pietism (from the word piety) was an influential movement in Lutheranism that combined its emphasis on Biblical doctrine with the Reformed emphasis on individual piety and living a vigorous Christian life.
A piyyut or piyut (plural piyyutim or piyutim, פִּיּוּטִים / פיוטים, פִּיּוּט / פיוט; from Greek ποιητής poiētḗs "poet") is a Jewish liturgical poem, usually designated to be sung, chanted, or recited during religious services.
Prague (Praha, Prag) is the capital and largest city in the Czech Republic, the 14th largest city in the European Union and also the historical capital of Bohemia.
Przemyśl (Premissel, Peremyshl, Перемишль less often Перемишель) is a city in south-eastern Poland with 66,756 inhabitants, as of June 2009.
The Book of Psalms (תְּהִלִּים or, Tehillim, "praises"), commonly referred to simply as Psalms or "the Psalms", is the first book of the Ketuvim ("Writings"), the third section of the Hebrew Bible, and a book of the Christian Old Testament.
In Judaism, a rabbi is a teacher of Torah.
Repentance (תשובה, literally, "return", pronounced "tshuva" or "teshuva") is one element of atoning for sin in Judaism.
Sefer Yetzirah (Sēpher Yəṣîrâh, Book of Formation, or Book of Creation) is the title of the earliest extant book on Jewish esotericism, although some early commentators treated it as a treatise on mathematical and linguistic theory as opposed to Kabbalah.
Selichot or slichot (סליחות; singular סליחה, selichah) are Jewish penitential poems and prayers, especially those said in the period leading up to the High Holidays, and on Fast Days.
Sephardi Jews, also known as Sephardic Jews or Sephardim (סְפָרַדִּים, Modern Hebrew: Sefaraddim, Tiberian: Səp̄āraddîm; also Ye'hude Sepharad, lit. "The Jews of Spain"), originally from Sepharad, Spain or the Iberian peninsula, are a Jewish ethnic division.
Shabbethai Donnolo (913 – c. 982, שבתי דונולו) was a Graeco-Italian Jewish physician, and writer on medicine and astrology born at Oria, Apulia.
In Judaism, shechita (anglicized:; שחיטה;; also transliterated shehitah, shechitah, shehita) is slaughtering of certain mammals and birds for food according to kashrut.
Shi’ur Qomah (Hebrew: שיעור קומה, lit. Divine Dimensions) is a Midrashic text that is part of the Heichalot literature.
Shlomo ha-Levi Alkabetz, also spelt Alqabitz, Alqabes; (Hebrew: שלמה אלקבץ) (1500 – 1576) was a rabbi, kabbalist and poet perhaps best known for his composition of the song Lecha Dodi.
The Song of Songs, also Song of Solomon or Canticles (Hebrew:, Šîr HašŠîrîm, Greek: ᾎσμα ᾎσμάτων, asma asmaton, both meaning Song of Songs), is one of the megillot (scrolls) found in the last section of the Tanakh, known as the Ketuvim (or "Writings"), and a book of the Old Testament.
The Takkanot Shum (תקנות שו"ם), or Enactments of SHU"M were a set of decrees formulated and agreed upon over a period of decades by the leaders of three of the central cities of Medieval Rhineland Jewry: Speyer, Worms, and Mainz.
The Talmud (Hebrew: תַּלְמוּד talmūd "instruction, learning", from a root LMD "teach, study") is the central text of Rabbinic Judaism and the primary source of Jewish religious law and theology.
Tannaim (תנאים, singular תנא, Tanna "repeaters", "teachers") were the Rabbinic sages whose views are recorded in the Mishnah, from approximately 10-220 CE.
Torah (תּוֹרָה, "Instruction", "Teaching" or "Law") has a range of meanings.
The Tosafot or Tosafos (תוספות) are medieval commentaries on the Talmud.
The University of Pennsylvania Press (or Penn Press) is a university press affiliated with the University of Pennsylvania located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
The Vatican Apostolic Library (Bibliotheca Apostolica Vaticana), more commonly called the Vatican Library or simply the Vat, is the library of the Holy See, located in Vatican City.
Vayeshev, Vayeishev, or Vayesheb (— Hebrew for "and he lived," the first word of the parashah) is the ninth weekly Torah portion (parashah) in the annual Jewish cycle of Torah reading.
Venice (Venezia,; Venesia) is a city in northeastern Italy and the capital of the Veneto region.
Worms is a city in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany, situated on the Upper Rhine about south-southwest of Frankfurt-am-Main.
Zunz (צוּנְץ, צונץ) is a Yiddish surname.
Eleazar Ben Judah of Worms, Eleazar ben Judah, Eleazar ben Judah ben Kalonymus, Eleazar ben Judah ben Kalonymus of Worms, Eleazar ben Judah of Worms, Eleazer of Worms, Eliezer ben Judah of Worms, Eliezer ben judah, Eliezer of Worms, Eliezer rokeach, Ha-Rokeah, Ha-Roḳeaḥ, Rabbi Eleazar of Worms, The Rokeiach.