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Electric vehicle

Index Electric vehicle

An electric vehicle, also called an EV, uses one or more electric motors or traction motors for propulsion. [1]

276 relations: AC power plugs and sockets, AeroVironment, Aircraft carrier, All-terrain vehicle, Alternating current, Ambulance, Andorra, Apollo program, Arcjet rocket, Assembly line, Auto trail, Automotive industry, Aviation, Ányos Jedlik, Baker Motor Vehicle, Base load, Battery electric bus, Battery electric vehicle, Blackpool Tramway, Bloomberg News, BMW, Brig-Glis, Brookings Institution, BYD Auto, BYD K9, California, Car, Carbon dioxide, Carbon footprint, Carbon monoxide, Charging station, Charles F. Kettering, Chemical energy, Chevrolet Volt, Chevron Corporation, China, Citroën Berlingo électrique, Climate Summit, CNW Marketing Research, Coal, Columbia (automobile brand), Conduit current collection, Consumer, David B. Sandalow, Detroit Electric, Diesel locomotive, Diesel–electric transmission, Direct current, Dotdash, Driving in Singapore, ..., Dual-mode vehicle, Duke Energy, EEStor, Elec-Trak, Electrathon, Electric aircraft, Electric Auto Association, Electric bicycle, Electric boat, Electric bus, Electric car, Electric car use by country, Electric generator, Electric go-kart, Electric locomotive, Electric motor, Electric motorcycles and scooters, Electric platform truck, Electric Power Research Institute, Electric rickshaw, Electric truck, Electric vehicle battery, Electric Vehicle Company, Electric vehicle conversion, Electric vehicle industry in India, Electric vehicle network, Electric vehicle warning sounds, Electric-steam locomotive, Electrical grid, Electrically powered spacecraft propulsion, Electricity generation, Electrocar, Electromagnetic induction, Electromagnetic radiation, Electromote, Energy, Energy conversion efficiency, Energy density, Energy development, Environmental impact of the petroleum industry, European Commission, Fachhochschule, Faraday cage, Federal government of the United States, Federal judiciary of the United States, Field-emission electric propulsion, Firestone Tire and Rubber Company, Flywheel energy storage, Ford Ecostar, Ford Motor Company, Foreign Affairs, Forklift, Formula E, Fossil fuel, Fossil fuel power station, Fuel cell, Fuel cell vehicle, General Motors, General Motors EV1, General Motors streetcar conspiracy, Geneva, Glider (automobiles), Golf cart, Greenhouse gas, Gridded ion thruster, Gyrobus, Hall-effect thruster, Heat pump, Helsinki Motor Show, Henry Ford, High voltage, High-speed rail, Hiram Percy Maxim, Honda, Horsepower, Human-electric hybrid vehicle, Hybrid electric vehicle, Hybrid vehicle, Hydrogen vehicle, Hyundai Group, Hyundai Motor Company, IHS Markit, Induction motor, Inductive charging, Internal combustion engine, International Council on Clean Transportation, International Energy Agency, Kei car, Kia Motors, Lexus, Life-cycle assessment, Light electric vehicle, Light rail, Linear motor, List of electric cars currently available, List of production battery electric vehicles, List of renewable energy topics by country, Lithium iron phosphate battery, Lithium-ion battery, Lithium–air battery, Lunar Roving Vehicle, Maglev, Magnetic levitation, Maringá, Market penetration, Market share, Mars, Mass production, McGraw-Hill Education, Methane, Milk float, Mitsubishi Outlander, Modular vehicle, Moon, Motor controller, Motor vehicle, Motorboat, Motorized shopping cart, Muffler, Nameplate, Narendra Modi, National City Lines, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Natural Resources Defense Council, Neighborhood Electric Vehicle, Net present value, Nickel–iron battery, Nissan, Nitrogen oxide, Nitrous oxide, Noise pollution, Nuclear power, Nuclear reactor, Nuclear submarine, Off-road vehicle, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Online Electric Vehicle, Overcurrent, Overhead line, Oxygen, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Particulates, Peak oil, Pedelec, Personal rapid transit, Personal transporter, Petroleum industry, Photovoltaics, Plug-in electric vehicle, Plug-in electric vehicle fire incidents, Plugless Power, Power density, Power-to-weight ratio, Primary cell, Public transport, Qualcomm, Rail transport in Switzerland, Railroad switch, Range anxiety, Rapid transit, Rechargeable battery, Regenerative brake, Renewable energy, Robert Anderson (inventor), Robert Davidson (inventor), Rocky Mountain Institute, Rover (space exploration), Royal Society of Chemistry, Sailboat, São Paulo, Scotland, Shatabdi Express, Silver-oxide battery, Solar cell, Solar Impulse, Solar panel, Solar power, Solar System, Solar vehicle, Solid-state battery, Sony Pictures Classics, Southern California Edison, Spacecraft, Starter (engine), Steam turbine, Stirling engine, Submarine, Sulfur dioxide, Superbus (transport), Supercapacitor, Teknisk Ukeblad, Tesla Model 3, Tesla Semi, TGV, The Guardian, Thermal insulation, Third rail, Thomas Davenport (inventor), Thomas Edison, Tidal power, Torque converter, Toyota, Toyota Prius, Toyota Prius Plug-in Hybrid, Toyota RAV4 EV, Toyota, Aichi, Traction motor, Tram, Transmission (mechanics), Trolleybus, Trolleytruck, Union of Concerned Scientists, United Nations, United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, United States Department of Energy, Universal motor, Vehicle-to-grid, Vibration, Volatile organic compound, Ward's, Watt, Wheelchair, Who Killed the Electric Car?, Wind power, Woodrow Wilson, Zero-emissions vehicle. Expand index (226 more) »

AC power plugs and sockets

AC power plugs and sockets are devices that allow electrically operated equipment to be connected to the primary alternating current (AC) power supply in a building.

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AeroVironment, Inc. is an American technology company in Monrovia, California, and Simi Valley, California, that is primarily involved in energy systems, electric vehicle systems, and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs).

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Aircraft carrier

An aircraft carrier is a warship that serves as a seagoing airbase, equipped with a full-length flight deck and facilities for carrying, arming, deploying, and recovering aircraft.

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All-terrain vehicle

An all-terrain vehicle (ATV), also known as a quad, quad bike, three-wheeler, four-wheeler or quadricycle as defined by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) is a vehicle that travels on low-pressure tires, with a seat that is straddled by the operator, along with handlebars for steering control.

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Alternating current

Alternating current (AC) is an electric current which periodically reverses direction, in contrast to direct current (DC) which flows only in one direction.

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An ambulance is a vehicle for transportation, from or between places of treatment, and in some instances will also provide out of hospital medical care to the patient.

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Andorra, officially the Principality of Andorra (Principat d'Andorra), also called the Principality of the Valleys of Andorra (Principat de les Valls d'Andorra), is a sovereign landlocked microstate on the Iberian Peninsula, in the eastern Pyrenees, bordered by France in the north and Spain in the south.

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Apollo program

The Apollo program, also known as Project Apollo, was the third United States human spaceflight program carried out by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), which accomplished landing the first humans on the Moon from 1969 to 1972.

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Arcjet rocket

An arcjet rocket or arcjet thruster is a form of electrically powered spacecraft propulsion, in which an electrical discharge (arc) is created in a flow of propellant (typically hydrazine or ammonia).

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Assembly line

An assembly line is a manufacturing process (often called a progressive assembly) in which parts (usually interchangeable parts) are added as the semi-finished assembly moves from workstation to workstation where the parts are added in sequence until the final assembly is produced.

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Auto trail

The system of auto trails was an informal network of marked routes that existed in the United States and Canada in the early part of the 20th century.

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Automotive industry

The automotive industry is a wide range of companies and organizations involved in the design, development, manufacturing, marketing, and selling of motor vehicles, some of them are called automakers.

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Aviation, or air transport, refers to the activities surrounding mechanical flight and the aircraft industry.

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Ányos Jedlik

Ányos István Jedlik (Jedlik Ányos István; Štefan Anián Jedlík; in older texts and publications: Stephanus Anianus Jedlik; 11 January 1800 – 13 December 1895) was a Hungarian inventor, engineer, physicist, and Benedictine priest.

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Baker Motor Vehicle

Baker Motor Vehicle Company was an American manufacturer of Brass Era electric automobiles in Cleveland, Ohio, from 1899 to 1914.

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Base load

The base load on a grid is the minimum level of demand on an electrical grid over a span of time, for example, one week.

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Battery electric bus

A battery electric bus is an electric bus that is driven by an electric motor and obtains energy from on-board batteries.

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Battery electric vehicle

A battery electric vehicle (BEV), or all-electric vehicle is a type of electric vehicle (EV) that uses chemical energy stored in rechargeable battery packs.

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Blackpool Tramway

The Blackpool Tramway runs from Blackpool to Fleetwood on the Fylde Coast in Lancashire, England.

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Bloomberg News

Bloomberg News is an international news agency headquartered in New York, United States and a division of Bloomberg L.P. Content produced by Bloomberg News is disseminated through Bloomberg Terminals, Bloomberg Television, Bloomberg Radio, Bloomberg Businessweek, Bloomberg Markets, Bloomberg.com and Bloomberg's mobile platforms.

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BMW (Bayerische Motoren Werke in German, or Bavarian Motor Works in English) is a German multinational company which currently produces luxury automobiles and motorcycles, and also produced aircraft engines until 1945.

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Brig, officially Brig-Glis (Brigue-Glis, Briga-Glis) is a historic town and a municipality in the district of Brig in the canton of Valais in Switzerland.

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Brookings Institution

The Brookings Institution is a century-old American research group on Think Tank Row in Washington, D.C. It conducts research and education in the social sciences, primarily in economics, metropolitan policy, governance, foreign policy, and global economy and development.

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BYD Auto

BYD Auto Co., Ltd. is a Chinese automobile manufacturer based in Xi'an, Shaanxi Province, and a wholly owned subsidiary of BYD Company.

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The BYD K9 (sometimes just referred to as the BYD ebus or BYD electric bus) is a battery electric bus manufactured by the Chinese automaker BYD Auto, powered with its self-developed lithium iron phosphate battery, featuring the longest drive range of 250 km (155 miles) on one single charge under urban road conditions.

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California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States.

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A car (or automobile) is a wheeled motor vehicle used for transportation.

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Carbon dioxide

Carbon dioxide (chemical formula) is a colorless gas with a density about 60% higher than that of dry air.

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Carbon footprint

A carbon footprint is historically defined as the total emissions caused by an individual, event, organisation, or product, expressed as carbon dioxide equivalent.

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Carbon monoxide

Carbon monoxide (CO) is a colorless, odorless, and tasteless gas that is slightly less dense than air.

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Charging station

An electric vehicle charging station, also called EV charging station, electric recharging point, charging point, charge point, ECS (Electronic Charging Station) and EVSE (electric vehicle supply equipment), is an element in an infrastructure that supplies electric energy for the recharging of electric vehicles, such as plug-in electric vehicles, including electric cars, neighborhood electric vehicles and plug-in hybrids.

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Charles F. Kettering

Charles Franklin Kettering (August 29, 1876 – November 25, 1958) sometimes known as Charles "Boss" Kettering was an American inventor, engineer, businessman, and the holder of 186 patents.

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Chemical energy

In chemistry, chemical energy is the potential of a chemical substance to undergo a transformation through a chemical reaction to transform other chemical substances.

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Chevrolet Volt

The Chevrolet Volt is a plug-in hybrid car manufactured by General Motors, also marketed in rebadged variants as the Buick Velite 5 in China, Holden Volt in Australia and New Zealand, and with a different fascia as the Vauxhall Ampera in the United Kingdom and as the Opel Ampera in the remainder of Europe.

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Chevron Corporation

Chevron Corporation is an American multinational energy corporation.

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China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.

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Citroën Berlingo électrique

The Citroën Berlingo électrique is a battery-powered version of the Berlingo range of vans.

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Climate Summit

The Climate Summit 2014 (sometimes also referred to as the Leader’s Climate Summit) was a meeting on climate change in New York on September 23, 2014.

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CNW Marketing Research

CNW Marketing Research, Inc. (CNWMR), known primarily as an automotive marketing research company, was a private company founded in 1984.

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Coal is a combustible black or brownish-black sedimentary rock usually occurring in rock strata in layers or veins called coal beds or coal seams.

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Columbia (automobile brand)

Columbia was an American brand of automobiles produced by a group of companies in the United States.

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Conduit current collection

Conduit current collection is a system of electric current collection used by electric tramways, where the power supply was carried in a 'conduit' under the roadway.

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A consumer is a person or organization that use economic services or commodities.

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David B. Sandalow

David B. Sandalow is the Inaugural Fellow at Columbia University's Center on Global Energy Policy.

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Detroit Electric

Detroit Electric (1907–1939, revived in 2008 for the Detroit Electric SP.01) was an electric car produced by the Anderson Electric Car Company in Detroit, Michigan.

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Diesel locomotive

A diesel locomotive is a type of railway locomotive in which the prime mover is a diesel engine.

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Diesel–electric transmission

A diesel–electric transmission, or diesel–electric powertrain, is used by a number of vehicle and ship types for providing locomotion.

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Direct current

Direct current (DC) is the unidirectional flow of electric charge.

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Dotdash (formerly About.com) is an American Internet-based network of content that publishes articles and videos about various subjects on its "topic sites", of which there are nearly 1,000.

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Driving in Singapore

In Singapore, cars and other vehicles drive on the left side of the road, as in neighbouring Malaysia, due to its British colonial history (which led to British driving rules being adopted in India, Australia, New Zealand, and Hong Kong as well).

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Dual-mode vehicle

A dual-mode vehicle is a vehicle that can run on conventional road surfaces or a dedicated track known as a "guideway".

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Duke Energy

Duke Energy, headquartered in Charlotte, North Carolina, is an electric power holding company in the United States, with assets also in Canada and Latin America.

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EEStor is a company based in Cedar Park, Texas, United States that claims to have developed a solid state polymer capacitor for electricity storage.

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The GE Elec-Trak was the first commercially produced all-electric garden tractor, made mostly between 1969 and 1975.

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An electrathon is a competition to go the farthest in one hour powered only by commercial rechargeable batteries weighing no more than (two car batteries).

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Electric aircraft

An electric aircraft is an aircraft powered by electric motors.

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Electric Auto Association

The Electric Auto Association (EAA) is a non-profit educational organization that promotes the advancement and widespread adoption of battery electric vehicles.

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Electric bicycle

An electric bicycle, also known as an e-bike, powerbike or booster bike, is a bicycle with an integrated electric motor which can be used for propulsion.

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Electric boat

While a significant majority of water vessels are powered by diesel engines, with sail power and gasoline engines also popular, boats powered by electricity have been used for over 120 years.

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Electric bus

An electric bus is a bus that is powered by electricity.

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Electric car

An electric car is a plug-in electric automobile that is propelled by one or more electric motors, using energy typically stored in rechargeable batteries.

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Electric car use by country

Electric car use by country varies worldwide, as the adoption of plug-in electric vehicles is affected by consumer demand, market prices and government incentives.

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Electric generator

In electricity generation, a generator is a device that converts motive power (mechanical energy) into electrical power for use in an external circuit.

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Electric go-kart

An electric go-kart is a go-kart powered by one or two electric motors and batteries.

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Electric locomotive

An electric locomotive is a locomotive powered by electricity from overhead lines, a third rail or on-board energy storage such as a battery or a supercapacitor.

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Electric motor

An electric motor is an electrical machine that converts electrical energy into mechanical energy.

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Electric motorcycles and scooters

Electric motorcycles and scooters are plug-in electric vehicles with two or three wheels powered by electricity.

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Electric platform truck

Electric platform trucks are electric powered trucks with a large flat surface for holding objects to be transported.

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Electric Power Research Institute

The Electric Power Research Institute, Inc.

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Electric rickshaw

Electric rickshaws (also known as electric tuk-tuks or e-rickshaws) have been becoming more popular in some cities since 2008 as an alternative to auto rickshaws and pulled rickshaws because of their low fuel cost, and less human effort compared to pulled rickshaws.

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Electric truck

An electric truck is a truck powered by electricity.

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Electric vehicle battery

An electric-vehicle battery (EVB) or traction battery is a battery used to power the propulsion of battery electric vehicles (BEVs).

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Electric Vehicle Company

Electric Vehicle Company was an American automobile holding company and early pioneering manufacturer of automobiles.

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Electric vehicle conversion

An electric vehicle conversion is the modification of a conventional internal combustion engine vehicle to electric propulsion, creating an all-electric or plug-in hybrid electric vehicle.

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Electric vehicle industry in India

Electric vehicle industry in India.

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Electric vehicle network

An electric vehicle network is an infrastructure system of publicly accessible charging stations and possibly battery swap stations to recharge electric vehicles.

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Electric vehicle warning sounds

Electric vehicle warning sounds are a series of sounds designed to alert pedestrians to the presence of electric drive vehicles such as hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), and all-electric vehicles (EVs) travelling at low speeds.

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Electric-steam locomotive

An electric-steam locomotive is a steam locomotive that uses electricity to heat the water in the boiler to create steam instead of burning fuel in a firebox.

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Electrical grid

An electrical grid is an interconnected network for delivering electricity from producers to consumers.

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Electrically powered spacecraft propulsion

An electrically-powered spacecraft propulsion system uses electrical energy to change the velocity of a spacecraft.

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Electricity generation

Electricity generation is the process of generating electric power from sources of primary energy.

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Electrocar, Electrocart is an electric vehicle, typically a small cart with an electrical driving gear and a storage battery.

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Electromagnetic induction

Electromagnetic or magnetic induction is the production of an electromotive force (i.e., voltage) across an electrical conductor in a changing magnetic field.

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Electromagnetic radiation

In physics, electromagnetic radiation (EM radiation or EMR) refers to the waves (or their quanta, photons) of the electromagnetic field, propagating (radiating) through space-time, carrying electromagnetic radiant energy.

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The Electromote was the world's first vehicle run like a trolleybus, which was first presented to the public on April 29, 1882, by its inventor Dr.

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In physics, energy is the quantitative property that must be transferred to an object in order to perform work on, or to heat, the object.

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Energy conversion efficiency

Energy conversion efficiency (η) is the ratio between the useful output of an energy conversion machine and the input, in energy terms.

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Energy density

Energy density is the amount of energy stored in a given system or region of space per unit volume.

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Energy development

Energy development is the field of activities focused on obtaining sources of energy from natural resources.

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Environmental impact of the petroleum industry

Petroleum is one of the main sources of energy in the World.

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European Commission

The European Commission (EC) is an institution of the European Union, responsible for proposing legislation, implementing decisions, upholding the EU treaties and managing the day-to-day business of the EU.

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A Fachhochschule (plural Fachhochschulen), abbreviated FH, or University of Applied Sciences (UAS) is a German tertiary education institution, specializing in topical areas (e.g. engineering, technology or business).

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Faraday cage

A Faraday cage or Faraday shield is an enclosure used to block electromagnetic fields.

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Federal government of the United States

The federal government of the United States (U.S. federal government) is the national government of the United States, a constitutional republic in North America, composed of 50 states, one district, Washington, D.C. (the nation's capital), and several territories.

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Federal judiciary of the United States

The federal judiciary of the United States is one of the three co-equal branches of the federal government of the United States organized under the United States Constitution and laws of the federal government.

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Field-emission electric propulsion

Field-emission electric propulsion (FEEP) is an advanced electrostatic space propulsion concept, a form of ion thruster, that uses liquid metal (usually either caesium, indium or mercury) as a propellant.

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Firestone Tire and Rubber Company

The Firestone Tire and Rubber Company is an American tire company founded by Harvey Firestone in 1900 to supply pneumatic tires for wagons, buggies, and other forms of wheeled transportation common in the era.

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Flywheel energy storage

Flywheel energy storage (FES) works by accelerating a rotor (flywheel) to a very high speed and maintaining the energy in the system as rotational energy.

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Ford Ecostar

The Ford Ecostar is an experimental electrically-powered small delivery van that was built by Ford Europe.

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Ford Motor Company

Ford Motor Company (commonly referred to simply as "Ford") is an American multinational automaker headquartered in Dearborn, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit.

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Foreign Affairs

Foreign Affairs is an American magazine of international relations and U.S. foreign policy published by the Council on Foreign Relations, a nonprofit, nonpartisan, membership organization and think tank specializing in U.S. foreign policy and international affairs.

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A forklift (also called lift truck, fork truck, fork hoist, and forklift truck) is a powered industrial truck used to lift and move materials over short distances.

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Formula E

Formula E, officially the ABB FIA Formula E Championship, is a class of auto racing that uses only electric-powered cars.

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Fossil fuel

A fossil fuel is a fuel formed by natural processes, such as anaerobic decomposition of buried dead organisms, containing energy originating in ancient photosynthesis.

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Fossil fuel power station

A fossil fuel power station is a power station which burns a fossil fuel such as coal, natural gas, or petroleum to produce electricity.

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Fuel cell

A fuel cell is an electrochemical cell that converts the chemical energy from a fuel into electricity through an electrochemical reaction of hydrogen fuel with oxygen or another oxidizing agent.

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Fuel cell vehicle

A fuel cell vehicle (FCV) or fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) is a type of electric vehicle which uses a fuel cell, instead of a battery, or in combination with a battery or supercapacitor, to power its on-board electric motor.

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General Motors

General Motors Company, commonly referred to as General Motors (GM), is an American multinational corporation headquartered in Detroit that designs, manufactures, markets, and distributes vehicles and vehicle parts, and sells financial services.

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General Motors EV1

The General Motors EV1 was an electric car produced and leased by General Motors from 1996 to 1999.

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General Motors streetcar conspiracy

The General Motors streetcar conspiracy refers to convictions of General Motors (GM) and other companies for monopolizing the sale of buses and supplies to National City Lines (NCL) and its subsidiaries, and to allegations that this was part of a deliberate plot to purchase and dismantle streetcar systems in many cities in the United States as an attempt to monopolize surface transportation.

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Geneva (Genève, Genèva, Genf, Ginevra, Genevra) is the second-most populous city in Switzerland (after Zürich) and the most populous city of the Romandy, the French-speaking part of Switzerland.

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Glider (automobiles)

In the United States, with regard to automobiles, a glider is a vehicle without a powertrain (especially without an engine).

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Golf cart

A golf cart (called golf car in ANSI standard Z130.1, since "carts" are not self-propelled) is a small vehicle designed originally to carry two golfers and their golf clubs around a golf course or on desert trails with less effort than walking.

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Greenhouse gas

A greenhouse gas is a gas in an atmosphere that absorbs and emits radiant energy within the thermal infrared range.

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Gridded ion thruster

The gridded ion thruster is a common design for ion thrusters, a highly efficient low-thrust spacecraft propulsion running on electrical power.

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A gyrobus is an electric bus that uses flywheel energy storage, not overhead wires like a trolleybus.

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Hall-effect thruster

In spacecraft propulsion, a Hall-effect thruster (HET) is a type of ion thruster in which the propellant is accelerated by an electric field.

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Heat pump

A heat pump is a device that transfers heat energy from a source of heat to what is called a "heat sink".

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Helsinki Motor Show

Helsinki Motor Show (HMS) is an annual national car show in Helsinki, Finland.

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Henry Ford

Henry Ford (July 30, 1863 – April 7, 1947) was an American captain of industry and a business magnate, the founder of the Ford Motor Company, and the sponsor of the development of the assembly line technique of mass production.

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High voltage

The term high voltage usually means electrical energy at voltages high enough to inflict harm on living organisms.

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High-speed rail

High-speed rail is a type of rail transport that operates significantly faster than traditional rail traffic, using an integrated system of specialized rolling stock and dedicated tracks.

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Hiram Percy Maxim

Hiram Percy Maxim (September 2, 1869 – February 17, 1936) was an American radio pioneer and inventor, and co-founder (with Clarence D. Tuska) of the American Radio Relay League (ARRL).

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is a Japanese public multinational conglomerate corporation primarily known as a manufacturer of automobiles, aircraft, motorcycles, and power equipment.

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Horsepower (hp) is a unit of measurement of power (the rate at which work is done).

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Human-electric hybrid vehicle

A human-electric hybrid vehicle is a hybrid vehicle, or more specifically a hybrid human powered vehicle, whose drivetrain consists of a human being and an electric motor/generator (and one or more electricity-storage device(s) such as a battery(ies) or ultracapacitor(s)).

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Hybrid electric vehicle

A hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) is a type of hybrid vehicle that combines a conventional internal combustion engine (ICE) system with an electric propulsion system (hybrid vehicle drivetrain).

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Hybrid vehicle

A hybrid vehicle uses two or more distinct types of power, such as internal combustion engine to drive an electric generator that powers an electric motor, e.g. in diesel-electric trains using diesel engines to drive an electric generator that powers an electric motor, and submarines that use diesels when surfaced and batteries when submerged.

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Hydrogen vehicle

A hydrogen vehicle is a vehicle that uses hydrogen as its onboard fuel for motive power.

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Hyundai Group

Hyundai Group is a South Korean conglomerate founded by Chung Ju-yung.

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Hyundai Motor Company

The Hyundai Motor Company (modernity) is a South Korean multinational automotive manufacturer headquartered in Seoul, South Korea.

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IHS Markit

IHS Markit Ltd is a global information provider based in London, United Kingdom.

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Induction motor

An induction motor or asynchronous motor is an AC electric motor in which the electric current in the rotor needed to produce torque is obtained by electromagnetic induction from the magnetic field of the stator winding.

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Inductive charging

Inductive charging (also known as wireless charging or cordless charging) uses an electromagnetic field to transfer energy between two objects through electromagnetic induction.

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Internal combustion engine

An internal combustion engine (ICE) is a heat engine where the combustion of a fuel occurs with an oxidizer (usually air) in a combustion chamber that is an integral part of the working fluid flow circuit.

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International Council on Clean Transportation

The International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT) is an independent nonprofit organization incorporated under Section 501(c)(3) of the US tax code.

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International Energy Agency

The International Energy Agency (IEA) (Agence internationale de l'énergie) is a Paris-based autonomous intergovernmental organization established in the framework of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) in 1974 in the wake of the 1973 oil crisis.

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Kei car

Kei car, K-car, or (pronounced), is the Japanese legal category for the smallest and most limited power, highway-legal motor vehicles, including passenger cars (kei cars or kei-class cars), microvans, and Kei trucks (kei-class pickup trucks).

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Kia Motors

Kia Motor Corporation (stylized as KIΛ), headquartered in Seoul, is South Korea's second-largest automobile manufacturer, following the Hyundai Motor Company, with sales of over 3.3 million vehicles in 2015.

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is the luxury vehicle division of Japanese car maker Toyota.

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Life-cycle assessment

Life-cycle assessment (LCA, also known as life-cycle analysis, ecobalance, and cradle-to-grave analysis) is a technique to assess environmental impacts associated with all the stages of a product's life from raw material extraction through materials processing, manufacture, distribution, use, repair and maintenance, and disposal or recycling.

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Light electric vehicle

Light electric vehicles are electric vehicles with 2 or 4 wheels powered by a battery, fuel cell, or hybrid-powered, and generally weighing less than.

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Light rail

Light rail, light rail transit (LRT), or fast tram is a form of urban rail transport using rolling stock similar to a tramway, but operating at a higher capacity, and often on an exclusive right-of-way.

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Linear motor

A linear motor is an electric motor that has had its stator and rotor "unrolled" so that instead of producing a torque (rotation) it produces a linear force along its length.

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List of electric cars currently available

This is a list of production electric cars, classified by type of vehicle according to its speed capabilities: highway-capable, urban or city car, low speed or neighborhood electric vehicle, and supercars.

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List of production battery electric vehicles

This is a list of production battery electric vehicles (all-electric cars).

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List of renewable energy topics by country

This is a list of renewable energy topics by country.

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Lithium iron phosphate battery

The lithium iron phosphate battery, also called LFP battery (with "LFP" standing for "lithium ferrophosphate"), is a type of rechargeable battery, specifically a lithium-ion battery, which uses 4 as a cathode material, and a graphitic carbon electrode with a metallic current collector grid as the anode.

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Lithium-ion battery

A lithium-ion battery or Li-ion battery (abbreviated as LIB) is a type of rechargeable battery in which lithium ions move from the negative electrode to the positive electrode during discharge and back when charging.

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Lithium–air battery

The lithium-air battery (Li-air) is a metal–air electrochemical cell or battery chemistry that uses oxidation of lithium at the anode and reduction of oxygen at the cathode to induce a current flow.

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Lunar Roving Vehicle

The Lunar Roving Vehicle (LRV) or lunar rover is a battery-powered four-wheeled rover used on the Moon in the last three missions of the American Apollo program (15, 16, and 17) during 1971 and 1972.

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Maglev (derived from magnetic levitation) is a system of train transportation that uses two sets of magnets, one set to repel and push the train up off the track as in levitation (hence Maglev, Magnetic-levitation), then another set to move the 'floating train' ahead at great speed taking advantage of the lack of friction.

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Magnetic levitation

Magnetic levitation, maglev, or magnetic suspension is a method by which an object is suspended with no support other than magnetic fields.

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Maringá is a municipality in southern Brazil founded on 10 May 1947 as a planned urban area.

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Market penetration

Market penetration refers to the successful selling of a product or service in a specific market.

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Market share

Market share is the percentage of a market (defined in terms of either units or revenue) accounted for by a specific entity.

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Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun and the second-smallest planet in the Solar System after Mercury.

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Mass production

Mass production, also known as flow production or continuous production, is the production of large amounts of standardized products, including and especially on assembly lines.

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McGraw-Hill Education

McGraw-Hill Education (MHE) is a learning science company and one of the "big three" educational publishers that provides customized educational content, software, and services for pre-K through postgraduate education.

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Methane is a chemical compound with the chemical formula (one atom of carbon and four atoms of hydrogen).

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Milk float

In British English, a milk float is a vehicle specifically designed for the delivery of fresh milk.

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Mitsubishi Outlander

The Mitsubishi Outlander is a compact crossover (Mid-size from 2007-present) manufactured by Japanese automaker Mitsubishi.

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Modular vehicle

A modular vehicle is one in which substantial components of the vehicle are interchangeable.

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The Moon is an astronomical body that orbits planet Earth and is Earth's only permanent natural satellite.

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Motor controller

A motor controller is a device or group of devices that serves to govern in some predetermined manner the performance of an electric motor.

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Motor vehicle

A motor vehicle is a self-propelled vehicle, commonly wheeled, that does not operate on rails, such as trains or trams and used for the transportation of passengers, or passengers and property.

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A motorboat, speedboat, or powerboat is a boat which is powered by an engine.

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Motorized shopping cart

A motorized shopping cart (also known as electric shopping cart) is a shopping cart equipped with an electric motor and navigational controls.

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A muffler (silencer in many non-US English speaking countries) is a device for decreasing the amount of noise emitted by the exhaust of an internal combustion engine.

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A nameplate identifies and displays a person or product's name.

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Narendra Modi

Narendra Damodardas Modi (born 17 September 1950) is an Indian politician serving as the 14th and current Prime Minister of India since 2014.

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National City Lines

National City Lines, Inc. (NCL) was a public transportation company.

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National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA, pronounced "NITS-uh") is an agency of the Executive Branch of the U.S. government, part of the Department of Transportation.

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Natural Resources Defense Council

The Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) is a United States-based, non-profit international environmental advocacy group, with its headquarters in New York City and offices in Washington, D.C.; San Francisco; Los Angeles; New Delhi, India; Chicago; Bozeman, Montana; and Beijing, China.

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Neighborhood Electric Vehicle

A Neighborhood Electric Vehicle (NEV) is a U.S. denomination for battery electric vehicles that are usually built to have a top speed of, and have a maximum loaded weight of.

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Net present value

In finance, the net present value (NPV) or net present worth (NPW) is a measurement of profit calculated by subtracting the present values (PV) of cash outflows (including initial cost) from the present values of cash inflows over a period of time.

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Nickel–iron battery

The nickel–iron battery (NiFe battery) is a rechargeable battery having nickel(III) oxide-hydroxide positive plates and iron negative plates, with an electrolyte of potassium hydroxide.

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, usually shortened to Nissan (or; Japanese), is a Japanese multinational automobile manufacturer headquartered in Nishi-ku, Yokohama.

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Nitrogen oxide

Nitrogen oxide may refer to a binary compound of oxygen and nitrogen, or a mixture of such compounds.

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Nitrous oxide

Nitrous oxide, commonly known as laughing gas or nitrous, is a chemical compound, an oxide of nitrogen with the formula.

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Noise pollution

Sound pollution, also known as environmental noise or noise pollution, is the propagation of noise with harmful impact on the activity of human or animal life.

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Nuclear power

Nuclear power is the use of nuclear reactions that release nuclear energy to generate heat, which most frequently is then used in steam turbines to produce electricity in a nuclear power plant.

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Nuclear reactor

A nuclear reactor, formerly known as an atomic pile, is a device used to initiate and control a self-sustained nuclear chain reaction.

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Nuclear submarine

A nuclear submarine is a submarine powered by a nuclear reactor.

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Off-road vehicle

An off-road vehicle is considered to be any type of vehicle which is capable of driving on and off paved or gravel surface.

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Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

The Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) is an office within the United States Department of Energy.

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Online Electric Vehicle

The Online Electric Vehicle (OLEV) is an electric vehicle that charges wirelessly while moving using electromagnetic induction (the wireless transfer of power through magnetic fields).

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In an electric power system, overcurrent or excess current is a situation where a larger than intended electric current exists through a conductor, leading to excessive generation of heat, and the risk of fire or damage to equipment.

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Overhead line

An overhead line or overhead wire is used to transmit electrical energy to trams, trolleybuses or trains.

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Oxygen is a chemical element with symbol O and atomic number 8.

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Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) is one of the United States Department of Energy national laboratories, managed by the Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Science.

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Atmospheric aerosol particles, also known as atmospheric particulate matter, particulate matter (PM), particulates, or suspended particulate matter (SPM) are microscopic solid or liquid matter suspended in Earth's atmosphere.

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Peak oil

Peak oil is the theorized point in time when the maximum rate of extraction of petroleum is reached, after which it is expected to enter terminal decline.

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A pedelec (from pedal electric cycle) is a bicycle where the rider's pedalling is assisted by a small electric motor; thus it is a type of low-powered e-bike.

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Personal rapid transit

Personal rapid transit (PRT), also referred to as podcars, is a public transport mode featuring small automated vehicles operating on a network of specially built guideways.

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Personal transporter

A personal transporter (also electric rideable, personal light electric vehicle, personal mobility device, etc) is a class of compact, electric or internal combustion vehicle for transporting an individual at speeds that do not normally exceed.

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Petroleum industry

The petroleum industry, also known as the oil industry or the oil patch, includes the global processes of exploration, extraction, refining, transporting (often by oil tankers and pipelines), and marketing of petroleum products.

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Photovoltaics (PV) is a term which covers the conversion of light into electricity using semiconducting materials that exhibit the photovoltaic effect, a phenomenon studied in physics, photochemistry, and electrochemistry.

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Plug-in electric vehicle

A plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) is any motor vehicle that can be recharged from an external source of electricity, such as wall sockets, and the electricity stored in the rechargeable battery packs drives or contributes to drive the wheels.

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Plug-in electric vehicle fire incidents

Several plug-in electric vehicle fire incidents have taken place since the introduction of mass-production plug-in electric vehicles in 2010.

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Plugless Power

Plugless Power is a family of Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) products manufactured by Evatran that enable inductive charging for electric vehicles (EV).

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Power density

Power density (or volume power density or volume specific power) is the amount of power (time rate of energy transfer) per unit volume.

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Power-to-weight ratio

Power-to-weight ratio (or specific power or power-to-mass ratio) is a calculation commonly applied to engines and mobile power sources to enable the comparison of one unit or design to another.

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Primary cell

A primary cell is a battery that is designed to be used once and discarded, and not recharged with electricity and reused like a secondary cell (rechargeable battery).

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Public transport

Public transport (also known as public transportation, public transit, or mass transit) is transport of passengers by group travel systems available for use by the general public, typically managed on a schedule, operated on established routes, and that charge a posted fee for each trip.

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Qualcomm is an American multinational semiconductor and telecommunications equipment company that designs and markets wireless telecommunications products and services.

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Rail transport in Switzerland

The Swiss rail network is noteworthy for its density, its coordination between services, its integration with other modes of transport, timeliness and a thriving domestic and trans-alp freight system.

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Railroad switch

A railroad switch, turnout, or points is a mechanical installation enabling railway trains to be guided from one track to another, such as at a railway junction or where a spur or siding branches off.

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Range anxiety

Range anxiety is the fear that a vehicle has insufficient range to reach its destination and would thus strand the vehicle's occupants.

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Rapid transit

Rapid transit or mass rapid transit, also known as heavy rail, metro, MRT, subway, tube, U-Bahn or underground, is a type of high-capacity public transport generally found in urban areas.

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Rechargeable battery

A rechargeable battery, storage battery, secondary cell, or accumulator is a type of electrical battery which can be charged, discharged into a load, and recharged many times, as opposed to a disposable or primary battery, which is supplied fully charged and discarded after use.

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Regenerative brake

Regenerative braking is an energy recovery mechanism which slows a vehicle or object by converting its kinetic energy into a form which can be either used immediately or stored until needed.

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Renewable energy

Renewable energy is energy that is collected from renewable resources, which are naturally replenished on a human timescale, such as sunlight, wind, rain, tides, waves, and geothermal heat.

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Robert Anderson (inventor)

Robert Anderson was a 19th-century Scottish inventor, best known for inventing the first crude electric carriage in Scotland around the time of 1832 - 1839.

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Robert Davidson (inventor)

Robert Davidson (1804–1894) was a Scottish inventor who built the first known electric locomotive in 1837.

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Rocky Mountain Institute

Rocky Mountain Institute (RMI) is an organization in the United States dedicated to research, publication, consulting, and lecturing in the general field of sustainability, with a special focus on profitable innovations for energy and resource efficiency.

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Rover (space exploration)

A rover (or sometimes planetary rover) is a space exploration vehicle designed to move across the surface of a planet or other celestial body.

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Royal Society of Chemistry

The Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC) is a learned society (professional association) in the United Kingdom with the goal of "advancing the chemical sciences".

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A sailboat or sailing boat is a boat propelled partly or entirely by sails smaller than a sailing ship.

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São Paulo

São Paulo is a municipality in the southeast region of Brazil.

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Scotland (Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.

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Shatabdi Express

Shatabdi Express trains are a series of fast (called superfast in India) passenger trains operated by Indian Railways to connect Metro cities with other cities important for tourism, pilgrimage or business.

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Silver-oxide battery

A silver-oxide battery (IEC code: S) is a primary cell with a very high energy-to-weight ratio.

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Solar cell

A solar cell, or photovoltaic cell, is an electrical device that converts the energy of light directly into electricity by the photovoltaic effect, which is a physical and chemical phenomenon.

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Solar Impulse

Solar Impulse is a Swiss long-range experimental solar-powered aircraft project, and also the name of the project's two operational aircraft.

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Solar panel

Photovoltaic solar panels absorb sunlight as a source of energy to generate electricity.

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Solar power

Solar power is the conversion of energy from sunlight into electricity, either directly using photovoltaics (PV), indirectly using concentrated solar power, or a combination.

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Solar System

The Solar SystemCapitalization of the name varies.

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Solar vehicle

A solar vehicle is an electric vehicle powered completely or significantly by direct solar energy.

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Solid-state battery

Solid-state battery is a battery technology that uses both solid electrodes and solid electrolytes, instead of the liquid or polymer electrolytes found in Lithium-ion or Lithium polymer batteries.

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Sony Pictures Classics

Sony Pictures Classics (abbreviated as SPC) is an American film production and distribution company that is a division of Sony Pictures.

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Southern California Edison

Southern California Edison (or SCE Corp), the largest subsidiary of Edison International, is the primary electricity supply company for much of Southern California, USA.

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A spacecraft is a vehicle or machine designed to fly in outer space.

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Starter (engine)

A starter (also self-starter, self, cranking motor, or starter motor) is a device used to rotate (crank) an internal-combustion engine so as to initiate the engine's operation under its own power.

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Steam turbine

A steam turbine is a device that extracts thermal energy from pressurized steam and uses it to do mechanical work on a rotating output shaft.

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Stirling engine

A Stirling engine is a heat engine that operates by cyclic compression and expansion of air or other gas (the working fluid) at different temperatures, such that there is a net conversion of heat energy to mechanical work.

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A submarine (or simply sub) is a watercraft capable of independent operation underwater.

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Sulfur dioxide

Sulfur dioxide (also sulphur dioxide in British English) is the chemical compound with the formula.

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Superbus (transport)

The Superbus is a prototype high speed electric coach-like limo car that is capable of carrying 23 passengers at speeds of up to on specially designed segregated highway lanes.

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A supercapacitor (SC) (also called a supercap, ultracapacitor or Goldcap) is a high-capacity capacitor with capacitance values much higher than other capacitors (but lower voltage limits) that bridge the gap between electrolytic capacitors and rechargeable batteries.

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Teknisk Ukeblad

Teknisk Ukeblad (TU, Technical Weekly Magazine) is Norwegian engineering magazine.

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Tesla Model 3

The Tesla Model 3 is a mid-size (US) / compact executive (EU) luxury all-electric four-door sedan manufactured and sold by Tesla, Inc. According to Tesla officials, the Model 3 standard model delivers an EPA-rated all-electric range of and the long-range model delivers.

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Tesla Semi

The Tesla Semi is an all-electric battery-powered Class 8 semi-trailer truck prototype which was unveiled on November 16, 2017 and planned for production in 2019 by Tesla, Inc. The company initially announced that the truck would have a range on a full charge and with its new batteries it would be able to run for after an 80% charge in 30 minutes using a solar-powered "Tesla Megacharger" charging station.

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The TGV (Train à Grande Vitesse, "high-speed train") is France's intercity high-speed rail service, operated by the SNCF, the state-owned national rail operator.

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The Guardian

The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.

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Thermal insulation

Thermal insulation is the reduction of heat transfer (i.e. the transfer of thermal energy between objects of differing temperature) between objects in thermal contact or in range of radiative influence.

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Third rail

A third rail is a method of providing electric power to a railway locomotive or train, through a semi-continuous rigid conductor placed alongside or between the rails of a railway track.

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Thomas Davenport (inventor)

Thomas Davenport (9 July 1802 – 6 July 1851) was a Vermont blacksmith who constructed the first American DC electric motor in 1834.

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Thomas Edison

Thomas Alva Edison (February 11, 1847October 18, 1931) was an American inventor and businessman, who has been described as America's greatest inventor.

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Tidal power

Tidal power or tidal energy is a form of hydropower that converts the energy obtained from tides into useful forms of power, mainly electricity.

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Torque converter

A torque converter is a type of fluid coupling which transfers rotating power from a prime mover, like an internal combustion engine, to a rotating driven load.

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, usually shortened to Toyota, is a Japanese multinational automotive manufacturer headquartered in Toyota, Aichi, Japan.

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Toyota Prius

The Toyota Prius (Japanese:トヨタプリウス)() is a full hybrid electric automobile developed by Toyota and manufactured by the company since 1997.

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Toyota Prius Plug-in Hybrid

The Toyota Prius Plug-in Hybrid, also known as Prius PHV and Prius Prime (U.S.), is a plug-in hybrid manufactured by Toyota.

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Toyota RAV4 EV

The RAV4 EV is an all-electric version of the popular RAV4 SUV produced by Toyota.

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Toyota, Aichi

is a city in Aichi Prefecture, Japan.

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Traction motor

A traction motor is an electric motor used for propulsion of a vehicle, such as an electric locomotive or electric roadway vehicle.

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A tram (also tramcar; and in North America streetcar, trolley or trolley car) is a rail vehicle which runs on tramway tracks along public urban streets, and also sometimes on a segregated right of way.

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Transmission (mechanics)

A transmission is a machine in a power transmission system, which provides controlled application of the power.

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A trolleybus (also known as trolley bus, trolley coach, trackless trolley, trackless tram Joyce, J.; King, J. S.; and Newman, A. G. (1986). British Trolleybus Systems, pp. 9, 12. London: Ian Allan Publishing.. or trolleyDunbar, Charles S. (1967). Buses, Trolleys & Trams. Paul Hamlyn Ltd. (UK). Republished 2004 with or 9780753709702.) is an electric bus that draws power from overhead wires (generally suspended from roadside posts) using spring-loaded trolley poles.

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For the alternative name for a sack truck (trolley truck), see Hand truck A trolleytruck (also known as a freight trolley or trolley truckIn the United Kingdom a trolley may refer to the hand operated wheeled vehicle called a hand truck in North America. In North American usage the term trolley truck may also be used to refer to the wheelset or bogie that a streetcar rides upon.) is a trolleybus-like vehicle used for carrying cargo instead of passengers.

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Union of Concerned Scientists

The Union of Concerned Scientists (UCS) is a nonprofit science advocacy organization based in the United States.

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United Nations

The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.

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United Nations Economic Commission for Europe

The United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE or ECE) was established in 1947 to encourage economic cooperation among its member States.

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United States Department of Energy

The United States Department of Energy (DOE) is a cabinet-level department of the United States Government concerned with the United States' policies regarding energy and safety in handling nuclear material.

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Universal motor

The universal motor is a type of electric motor that can operate on either AC or DC power.

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Vehicle-to-grid (V2G) describes a system in which plug-in electric vehicles, such as battery electric vehicles (BEV), plug-in hybrids (PHEV) or hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEV), communicate with the power grid to sell demand response services by either returning electricity to the grid or by throttling their charging rate.

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Vibration is a mechanical phenomenon whereby oscillations occur about an equilibrium point.

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Volatile organic compound

Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are organic chemicals that have a high vapor pressure at ordinary room temperature.

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Ward's is an American organization that has covered the automotive industry for over 80 years.

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The watt (symbol: W) is a unit of power.

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A wheelchair, often abbreviated to just "chair", is a chair with wheels, used when walking is difficult or impossible due to illness, injury, or disability.

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Who Killed the Electric Car?

Who Killed the Electric Car? is a 2006 documentary film that explores the creation, limited commercialization, and subsequent destruction of the battery electric vehicle in the United States, specifically the General Motors EV1 of the mid-1990s.

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Wind power

Wind power is the use of air flow through wind turbines to mechanically power generators for electricity.

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Woodrow Wilson

Thomas Woodrow Wilson (December 28, 1856 – February 3, 1924) was an American statesman and academic who served as the 28th President of the United States from 1913 to 1921.

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Zero-emissions vehicle

A zero-emissions vehicle, or ZEV, is a vehicle that emits no exhaust gas from the onboard source of power.

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electric_vehicle

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