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Electrical injury

Index Electrical injury

Electrical injury is a physiological reaction caused by electric current passing through the (human) body. [1]

114 relations: Agricultural fencing, Algerian War, Alternating current, Amnesty International, Ampere, Amusement park, Animal husbandry, Arc flash, Artificial cardiac pacemaker, Aversives, Burn, Camphor, Capital punishment, Cardiac arrest, Cardioversion, Catheter, Cause of death, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Chechnya, Chronaxie, Consciousness, Death, Defibrillation, Direct current, Electric chair, Electric current, Electric fence, Electrical breakdown, Electrical burn, Electrical injury, Electrical resistance and conductance, Electrical wiring, Electricity, Electroconvulsive therapy, Electrocution, Electrode, Electrodiagnostic medicine, Electromagnetism, Electromyography, Electroporation, Electroshock weapon, Electrosurgery, Epilepsy, Execution by firing squad, Fibrillation, Flesh, Frequency, Futoshi Matsunaga, Griffith Park, Guinness World Records, ..., Hair, High voltage, Implant (medicine), Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator, International Committee of the Fourth International, International Electrotechnical Commission, Iontophoresis, Joy buzzer, Judge Rotenberg Educational Center, Ladislas J. Meduna, Lethal injection, Lichtenberg figure, Lightning injuries, Lightning strike, Macroshock, Mental disorder, Micro-, Microshock, Milgram experiment, Mother Jones (magazine), Muscle, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Nerve conduction study, Nervous system, Non-lethal weapon, Occupational Safety and Health Administration, Oculomotor nerve, Ohm's law, Ohmmeter, Organ (anatomy), Pain management, Parrilla (torture), Pentylenetetrazol, Percentile, Peripheral neuropathy, Perspiration, Philippines, Picana, Practical joke, Psychiatrist, Radiation, Residual-current device, Schizophrenia, Self-experimentation, Serial killer, Shocking gum, Springer Science+Business Media, Static electricity, Stratum corneum, Stunning, Taser, The Boston Globe, Thomas Szasz, Torture, Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, Transmission tower, United States, University of Pretoria, Ventricular fibrillation, Volt, Voltage, War of the currents, Weapon, World War II. Expand index (64 more) »

Agricultural fencing

In agriculture, fences are used to keep animals in or out of an area.

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Algerian War

No description.

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Alternating current

Alternating current (AC) is an electric current which periodically reverses direction, in contrast to direct current (DC) which flows only in one direction.

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Amnesty International

Amnesty International (commonly known as Amnesty or AI) is a London-based non-governmental organization focused on human rights.

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The ampere (symbol: A), often shortened to "amp",SI supports only the use of symbols and deprecates the use of abbreviations for units.

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Amusement park

An amusement park is a park that features various attractions, such as rides and games, as well as other events for entertainment purposes.

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Animal husbandry

Animal husbandry is the branch of agriculture concerned with animals that are raised for meat, fibre, milk, eggs, or other products.

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Arc flash

An arc flash (also called a flashover), is the light and heat produced as part of an arc fault, a type of electrical explosion or discharge that results from a low-impedance connection through air to ground or another voltage phase in an electrical system.

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Artificial cardiac pacemaker

A pacemaker (or artificial pacemaker, so as not to be confused with the heart's natural pacemaker) is a medical device that generates electrical impulses delivered by electrodes to contract the heart muscles and regulate the electrical conduction system of the heart.

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In psychology, aversives are unpleasant stimuli that induce changes in behavior through punishment; by applying an aversive immediately following a behavior, the likelihood of the behavior occurring in the future is reduced.

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A burn is a type of injury to skin, or other tissues, caused by heat, cold, electricity, chemicals, friction, or radiation.

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Camphor is a waxy, flammable, white or transparent solid with a strong aroma.

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Capital punishment

Capital punishment, also known as the death penalty, is a government-sanctioned practice whereby a person is put to death by the state as a punishment for a crime.

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Cardiac arrest

Cardiac arrest is a sudden loss of blood flow resulting from the failure of the heart to effectively pump.

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Cardioversion is a medical procedure by which an abnormally fast heart rate (tachycardia) or other cardiac arrhythmia is converted to a normal rhythm using electricity or drugs.

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In medicine, a catheter is a thin tube made from medical grade materials serving a broad range of functions.

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Cause of death

In law, medicine, and statistics, cause of death is a term which refers to an official determination of conditions resulting in a human's death.

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Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is the leading national public health institute of the United States.

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The Chechen Republic (tɕɪˈtɕɛnskəjə rʲɪˈspublʲɪkə; Нохчийн Республика, Noxçiyn Respublika), commonly referred to as Chechnya (p; Нохчийчоь, Noxçiyçö), is a federal subject (a republic) of Russia.

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Chronaxie is the minimum time required for an electric current double the strength of the rheobase to stimulate a muscle or a neuron.

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Consciousness is the state or quality of awareness, or, of being aware of an external object or something within oneself.

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Death is the cessation of all biological functions that sustain a living organism.

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Defibrillation is a treatment for life-threatening cardiac dysrhythmias, specifically ventricular fibrillation (VF) and non-perfusing ventricular tachycardia (VT).

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Direct current

Direct current (DC) is the unidirectional flow of electric charge.

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Electric chair

Execution by electrocution, performed using an electric chair, is a method of execution originating in the United States in which the condemned person is strapped to a specially built wooden chair and electrocuted through electrodes fastened on the head and leg.

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Electric current

An electric current is a flow of electric charge.

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Electric fence

An electric fence is a barrier that uses electric shocks to deter animals from crossing a boundary.

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Electrical breakdown

Electrical breakdown or dielectric breakdown is when current flows through an electrical insulator when the voltage applied across it exceeds the breakdown voltage.

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Electrical burn

An electrical burn is a burn that results from electricity passing through the body causing rapid injury.

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Electrical injury

Electrical injury is a physiological reaction caused by electric current passing through the (human) body.

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Electrical resistance and conductance

The electrical resistance of an electrical conductor is a measure of the difficulty to pass an electric current through that conductor.

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Electrical wiring

Electrical wiring is an electrical installation of cabling and associated devices such as switches, distribution boards, sockets and light fittings in a structure.

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Electricity is the set of physical phenomena associated with the presence and motion of electric charge.

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Electroconvulsive therapy

Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), formerly known as electroshock therapy, and often referred to as shock treatment, is a psychiatric treatment in which seizures are electrically induced in patients to provide relief from mental disorders.

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Electrocution is death or serious injury caused by electric shock, electric current passing through the body.

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An electrode is an electrical conductor used to make contact with a nonmetallic part of a circuit (e.g. a semiconductor, an electrolyte, a vacuum or air).

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Electrodiagnostic medicine

Electrodiagnosis (EDX) is a method of medical diagnosis that obtains information about diseases by passively recording the electrical activity of body parts (that is, their natural electrophysiology) or by measuring their response to external electrical stimuli (evoked potentials).

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Electromagnetism is a branch of physics involving the study of the electromagnetic force, a type of physical interaction that occurs between electrically charged particles.

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Electromyography (EMG) is an electrodiagnostic medicine technique for evaluating and recording the electrical activity produced by skeletal muscles.

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Electroporation, or electropermeabilization, is a microbiology technique in which an electrical field is applied to cells in order to increase the permeability of the cell membrane, allowing chemicals, drugs, or DNA to be introduced into the cell.

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Electroshock weapon

An electroshock weapon is an incapacitating weapon.

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Electrosurgery is the application of a high-frequency (radio frequency) alternating polarity, electrical current to biological tissue as a means to cut, coagulate, desiccate, or fulgurate tissue.

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Epilepsy is a group of neurological disorders characterized by epileptic seizures.

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Execution by firing squad

Execution by firing squad, in the past sometimes called fusillading (from the French fusil, rifle), is a method of capital punishment, particularly common in the military and in times of war.

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Fibrillation is the rapid, irregular, and unsynchronized contraction of muscle fibers.

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Flesh is the soft substance of the body of a living thing.

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Frequency is the number of occurrences of a repeating event per unit of time.

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Futoshi Matsunaga

is a Japanese serial killer who both defrauded and tortured his victims in what is publicly known as the Kitakyūshū Serial Murder Incident (北九州連続殺人事件).

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Griffith Park

Griffith Park is a large municipal park at the eastern end of the Santa Monica Mountains, in the Los Feliz neighborhood of Los Angeles, California.

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Guinness World Records

Guinness World Records, known from its inception in 1955 until 2000 as The Guinness Book of Records and in previous United States editions as The Guinness Book of World Records, is a reference book published annually, listing world records both of human achievements and the extremes of the natural world.

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Hair is a protein filament that grows from follicles found in the dermis.

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High voltage

The term high voltage usually means electrical energy at voltages high enough to inflict harm on living organisms.

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Implant (medicine)

An implant is a medical device manufactured to replace a missing biological structure, support a damaged biological structure, or enhance an existing biological structure.

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Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator

An implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) or automated implantable cardioverter defibrillator (AICD) is a device implantable inside the body, able to perform cardioversion, defibrillation, and (in modern versions) pacing of the heart.

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International Committee of the Fourth International

The International Committee of the Fourth International (ICFI) is the name of two Trotskyist internationals; one with sections named Socialist Equality Party which publishes the World Socialist Web Site, and another linked to the Workers Revolutionary Party in Britain.

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International Electrotechnical Commission

The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC; in French: Commission électrotechnique internationale) is an international standards organization that prepares and publishes International Standards for all electrical, electronic and related technologies – collectively known as "electrotechnology".

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Iontophoresis is a process of transdermal drug delivery by use of a voltage gradient on the skin.

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Joy buzzer

A joy buzzer (also called a hand buzzer) is a practical joke device that consists of a coiled spring inside a disc worn in the palm of the hand.

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Judge Rotenberg Educational Center

The Judge Rotenberg Center (JRC, founded in 1971 as the Behavior Research Institute) is a residential facility in Canton, Massachusetts, that uses behavioral treatments, methodologies, torture, and educational services to work with children and adults with severe developmental disabilities and emotional or behavioral disorders, through day, residential, and respite programs.

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Ladislas J. Meduna

Ladislas Joseph Meduna (27 March 1896 – 31 October 1964), the Hungarian psychiatrist and neuropathologist, chemically induced grand mal epileptic seizures as treatment for schizophrenia.

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Lethal injection

Lethal injection is the practice of injecting one or more drugs into a person (typically a barbiturate, paralytic, and potassium solution) for the express purpose of causing immediate death.

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Lichtenberg figure

Lichtenberg figures (German Lichtenberg-Figuren), or "Lichtenberg dust figures", are branching electric discharges that sometimes appear on the surface or in the interior of insulating materials.

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Lightning injuries

Lightning injuries are injuries caused by lightning strikes.

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Lightning strike

A lightning strike or lightning bolt is an electric discharge between the atmosphere and an Earth-bound object.

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Macroshock (mak´ro-shok″) is a medical term for the effects of body exposition to electrical current, which can lead to severe injury or death by electrocution.

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Mental disorder

A mental disorder, also called a mental illness or psychiatric disorder, is a behavioral or mental pattern that causes significant distress or impairment of personal functioning.

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Micro- (symbol µ) is a unit prefix in the metric system denoting a factor of 10−6 (one millionth).

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Microshock refers to the theoretical risk that patients undergoing medical procedures, involving externally protruding intracardiac electrical conductors, such as external pacemaker electrodes, or saline filled catheters, could suffer an electric shock causing ventricular fibrillation (VF) due to currents entering the body via these parts.

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Milgram experiment

The Milgram experiment on obedience to authority figures was a series of social psychology experiments conducted by Yale University psychologist Stanley Milgram.

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Mother Jones (magazine)

Mother Jones (abbreviated MoJo) is a progressive American magazine that focuses on news, commentary, and investigative reporting on topics including politics, the environment, human rights, and culture.

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Muscle is a soft tissue found in most animals.

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National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health

The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) is the United States federal agency responsible for conducting research and making recommendations for the prevention of work-related injury and illness.

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Nerve conduction study

A nerve conduction study (NCS) is a medical diagnostic test commonly used to evaluate the function, especially the ability of electrical conduction, of the motor and sensory nerves of the human body.

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Nervous system

The nervous system is the part of an animal that coordinates its actions by transmitting signals to and from different parts of its body.

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Non-lethal weapon

Non-lethal weapons, also called less-lethal weapons, less-than-lethal weapons, non-deadly weapons, compliance weapons, or pain-inducing weapons are weapons intended to be less likely to kill a living target than conventional weapons such as knives and firearms.

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Occupational Safety and Health Administration

The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is an agency of the United States Department of Labor.

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Oculomotor nerve

The oculomotor nerve is the third cranial nerve.

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Ohm's law

Ohm's law states that the current through a conductor between two points is directly proportional to the voltage across the two points.

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An ohmmeter is an electrical instrument that measures electrical resistance, the opposition to an electric current.

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Organ (anatomy)

Organs are collections of tissues with similar functions.

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Pain management

Pain management, pain medicine, pain control or algiatry, is a branch of medicine employing an interdisciplinary approach for easing the suffering and improving the quality of life of those living with chronic pain The typical pain management team includes medical practitioners, pharmacists, clinical psychologists, physiotherapists, occupational therapists, physician assistants, nurses.

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Parrilla (torture)

The parrilla is a method of torture where the victim is strapped to a metal frame and subjected to electric shock.

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Pentylenetetrazol, also known as pentylenetetrazole, metrazol, pentetrazol (INN), pentamethylenetetrazol, Corazol, Cardiazol, deumacard or PTZ, is a drug formerly used as a circulatory and respiratory stimulant.

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A percentile (or a centile) is a measure used in statistics indicating the value below which a given percentage of observations in a group of observations fall.

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Peripheral neuropathy

Peripheral neuropathy (PN) is damage to or disease affecting nerves, which may impair sensation, movement, gland or organ function, or other aspects of health, depending on the type of nerve affected.

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Perspiration, also known as sweating, is the production of fluids secreted by the sweat glands in the skin of mammals.

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The Philippines (Pilipinas or Filipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.

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The picana or picana electrica is a device used to give an electric shock during electrical torture.

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Practical joke

A practical joke, or prank, is a mischievous trick played on someone, generally causing the victim to experience embarrassment, perplexity, confusion, or discomfort.

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A psychiatrist is a physician who specializes in psychiatry, the branch of medicine devoted to the diagnosis, prevention, study, and treatment of mental disorders.

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In physics, radiation is the emission or transmission of energy in the form of waves or particles through space or through a material medium.

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Residual-current device

A residual-current device (RCD), or residual-current circuit breaker (RCCB), is a device that instantly breaks an electric circuit to prevent serious harm from an ongoing electric shock.

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Schizophrenia is a mental disorder characterized by abnormal social behavior and failure to understand reality.

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Self-experimentation refers to the special case of single-subject research in which the experimenter conducts the experiment on themself.

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Serial killer

A serial killer is typically a person who murders three or more people,A serial killer is most commonly defined as a person who kills three or more people for psychological gratification; reliable sources over the years agree.

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Shocking gum

Shocking gum is a practical joke device that delivers a harmless electric shock.

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Springer Science+Business Media

Springer Science+Business Media or Springer, part of Springer Nature since 2015, is a global publishing company that publishes books, e-books and peer-reviewed journals in science, humanities, technical and medical (STM) publishing.

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Static electricity

Static electricity is an imbalance of electric charges within or on the surface of a material.

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Stratum corneum

The stratum corneum (Latin for 'horny layer') is the outermost layer of the epidermis, consisting of dead cells (corneocytes).

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Stunning is the process of rendering animals immobile or unconscious, with or without killing the animal, when or immediately prior to slaughtering them for food.

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A Taser is a brand of electroshock weapon sold by Axon.

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The Boston Globe

The Boston Globe (sometimes abbreviated as The Globe) is an American daily newspaper founded and based in Boston, Massachusetts, since its creation by Charles H. Taylor in 1872.

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Thomas Szasz

Thomas Stephen Szasz (Szász Tamás István; 15 April 1920 – 8 September 2012) was a Hungarian-American academic, psychiatrist and psychoanalyst.

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Torture (from the Latin tortus, "twisted") is the act of deliberately inflicting physical or psychological pain in order to fulfill some desire of the torturer or compel some action from the victim.

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Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation

Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS or TNS) is the use of electric current produced by a device to stimulate the nerves for therapeutic purposes.

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Transmission tower

A transmission tower or power tower (electricity pylon in the United Kingdom, Canada and parts of Europe) is a tall structure, usually a steel lattice tower, used to support an overhead power line.

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United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

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University of Pretoria

The University of Pretoria (Universiteit van Pretoria, Yunibesithi ya Pretoria) is a multi-campus public research university in Pretoria, the administrative and de facto capital of South Africa.

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Ventricular fibrillation

Ventricular fibrillation (V-fib or VF) is when the heart quivers instead of pumping due to disorganized electrical activity in the ventricles.

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The volt (symbol: V) is the derived unit for electric potential, electric potential difference (voltage), and electromotive force.

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Voltage, electric potential difference, electric pressure or electric tension (formally denoted or, but more often simply as V or U, for instance in the context of Ohm's or Kirchhoff's circuit laws) is the difference in electric potential between two points.

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War of the currents

The war of the currents (sometimes called battle of the currents) was a series of events surrounding the introduction of competing electric power transmission systems in the late 1880s and early 1890s.

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A weapon, arm or armament is any device used with intent to inflict damage or harm.

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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Electric Shock, Electric shock, Electric shock torture, Electric shocks, Electrical Shock, Electrical injuries, Electrical shock, Electrical shocks, Electricution, Electrotorture, Genital electrocution, Ictus electricus, Shock from electric current.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electrical_injury

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