129 relations: Alternating current, Betavoltaic device, Biomass, British thermal unit, Carbon dioxide, Carbon monoxide, Charles Algernon Parsons, Chemical energy, Coal, Cogeneration, Combined cycle, Combustion, Concentrated solar power, Cost of electricity by source, Diesel engine, Direct current, Distributed generation, Electric battery, Electric generator, Electric power, Electric power distribution, Electric power industry, Electric power transmission, Electric utility, Electricity sector in Australia, Electricity sector in Bangladesh, Electricity sector in Brazil, Electricity sector in Canada, Electricity sector in China, Electricity sector in France, Electricity sector in Germany, Electricity sector in India, Electricity sector in Italy, Electricity sector in Japan, Electricity sector in Mexico, Electricity sector in Pakistan, Electricity sector in Russia, Electricity sector in Spain, Electricity sector in Taiwan, Electricity sector in the Netherlands, Electricity sector of the United States, Electrochemistry, Electromagnetic induction, Electromechanics, Energy in Egypt, Energy in Ethiopia, Energy in Iran, Energy in Nigeria, Energy in Saudi Arabia, Energy in South Korea, ..., Energy in Thailand, Energy in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Energy in the Philippines, Energy in the United Kingdom, Energy in Turkey, Energy in Vietnam, Energy storage, Faraday's law of induction, Fossil fuel, Fossil fuel power station, Fuel cell, Gas turbine, Gasoline, Generation II reactor, Geothermal gradient, Geothermal power, Heat engine, Homopolar generator, Hot dry rock geothermal energy, Hydroelectricity, Intermittent energy source, Kilowatt hour, Kinetic energy, List of onshore wind farms, Magnet, Mechanical energy, Michael Faraday, Natural gas, New York City, Nikola Tesla, NOx, Nuclear fission, Nuclear power, Nuclear power plant, Nuclear reactor, Ocean thermal energy conversion, Oil, Osmotic power, Parabolic trough, Particulates, Pearl Street (Manhattan), Pearl Street Station, Photovoltaic effect, Photovoltaic system, Photovoltaics, Piezoelectricity, Polycrystalline silicon, Power station, Primary cell, Primary energy, Pumped-storage hydroelectricity, Rechargeable battery, Renewable energy, Second Industrial Revolution, Solar cell, Solar energy, Solar power, Solar power tower, Solar thermal energy, Solar updraft tower, Steam engine, Steam turbine, Sulfur dioxide, Telegraphy, Thermal energy, Thermal power station, Thermoelectric effect, Thomas Edison, Tidal power, Tonne of oil equivalent, Transformer, Triboelectric effect, Turbine, Water turbine, Wind, Wind turbine, Windmill, World energy consumption, Zinc–carbon battery. Expand index (79 more) » « Shrink index
Alternating current (AC) is an electric current which periodically reverses direction, in contrast to direct current (DC) which flows only in one direction.
Betavoltaic devices, also known as betavoltaic cells, are generators of electric current, in effect a form of battery, which use energy from a radioactive source emitting beta particles (electrons).
Biomass is an industry term for getting energy by burning wood, and other organic matter.
The British thermal unit (Btu or BTU) is a traditional unit of heat; it is defined as the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of one pound of water by one degree Fahrenheit.
Carbon dioxide (chemical formula) is a colorless gas with a density about 60% higher than that of dry air.
Carbon monoxide (CO) is a colorless, odorless, and tasteless gas that is slightly less dense than air.
Sir Charles Algernon Parsons, (13 June 1854 – 11 February 1931), the son of a member of the Irish peerage,http://www.tcd.ie/Secretary/FellowsScholars/discourses/discourses/1968_Lord%20Rosse%20on%20W.%20Parsons.pdf was an Anglo-Irish engineer, best known for his invention of the compound steam turbine, and as the namesake of C. A. Parsons and Company.
In chemistry, chemical energy is the potential of a chemical substance to undergo a transformation through a chemical reaction to transform other chemical substances.
Coal is a combustible black or brownish-black sedimentary rock usually occurring in rock strata in layers or veins called coal beds or coal seams.
Cogeneration or combined heat and power (CHP) is the use of a heat engine or power station to generate electricity and useful heat at the same time.
In electric power generation a combined cycle is an assembly of heat engines that work in tandem from the same source of heat, converting it into mechanical energy, which in turn usually drives electrical generators.
Combustion, or burning, is a high-temperature exothermic redox chemical reaction between a fuel (the reductant) and an oxidant, usually atmospheric oxygen, that produces oxidized, often gaseous products, in a mixture termed as smoke.
Concentrated solar power (also called concentrating solar power, concentrated solar thermal, and CSP) systems generate solar power by using mirrors or lenses to concentrate a large area of sunlight, or solar thermal energy, onto a small area.
In electrical power generation, the distinct ways of generating electricity incur significantly different costs.
The diesel engine (also known as a compression-ignition or CI engine), named after Rudolf Diesel, is an internal combustion engine in which ignition of the fuel which is injected into the combustion chamber is caused by the elevated temperature of the air in the cylinder due to mechanical compression (adiabatic compression).
Direct current (DC) is the unidirectional flow of electric charge.
Distributed generation, also distributed energy, on-site generation (OSG) or district/decentralized energy is electrical generation and storage performed by a variety of small, grid-connected devices referred to as distributed energy resources (DER).
An electric battery is a device consisting of one or more electrochemical cells with external connections provided to power electrical devices such as flashlights, smartphones, and electric cars.
In electricity generation, a generator is a device that converts motive power (mechanical energy) into electrical power for use in an external circuit.
Electric power is the rate, per unit time, at which electrical energy is transferred by an electric circuit.
Electric power distribution is the final stage in the delivery of electric power; it carries electricity from the transmission system to individual consumers.
The electric power industry covers the generation, transmission, distribution and sale of electric power to the general public and industry.
Electric power transmission is the bulk movement of electrical energy from a generating site, such as a power plant, to an electrical substation.
An electric utility is a company in the electric power industry (often a public utility) that engages in electricity generation and distribution of electricity for sale generally in a regulated market.
The electricity sector in Australia is historically dominated by coal-fired power stations, but renewables are forming a growing fraction of supply.
The utility electricity sector in Bangladesh has one national grid with an installed capacity of 15,379 MW as on February 2017.
The electricity sector in Brazil is the largest in South America.
The electricity sector in Canada has played a significant role in the economic and political life of the country since the late 19th century.
China's electric power industry is the world's largest electricity producer, passing the United States in 2011 after rapid growth since the early 1990s.
The electricity sector in France is dominated by nuclear power, which accounted for 72.3% of total production in 2016, while renewables and fossil fuels accounted for 17.8% and 8.6%, respectively.
In 2014, the electricity sector in Germany was composed of 53% fossil, 17% nuclear and 30% renewable energy sources.
The utility electricity sector in India has one National Grid with an installed capacity of 344.00 GW as on 31 May 2018.
The electricity sector in Italy describes the production, sale, and use of electrical power in Italy.
The electric power industry in Japan covers the generation, transmission, distribution, and sale of electric energy in Japan.
As required by the Constitution, the electricity sector is federally owned, with the Federal Electricity Commission (Comisión Federal de Electricidad or CFE) essentially controlling the whole sector; private participation and foreign companies are allowed to operate in the country only through specific service contracts.
Electricity in Pakistan (بجلی) is generated, transmitted, distributed, and retail supplied by two vertically integrated public sector utilities: Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA) for all of Pakistan (except Karachi), and the Karachi Electric (K-Electric) for the city of Karachi and its surrounding areas.
Russia is the fourth largest generator and consumer of electricity in the world.
The electricity sector in Spain describes electricity in Spain.
The electricity sector in Taiwan ranges from generation, transmission, distribution and sales of electricity, covering Taiwan island and its offshore islands.
The total electricity consumption of the Netherlands in 2013 was 119 terawatt-hour (TWh).
The electricity sector of the United States includes a large array of stakeholders that provide services through electricity generation, transmission, distribution and marketing for industrial, commercial, public and residential customers.
Electrochemistry is the branch of physical chemistry that studies the relationship between electricity, as a measurable and quantitative phenomenon, and identifiable chemical change, with either electricity considered an outcome of a particular chemical change or vice versa.
Electromagnetic or magnetic induction is the production of an electromotive force (i.e., voltage) across an electrical conductor in a changing magnetic field.
In engineering, electromechanics combines processes and procedures drawn from electrical engineering and mechanical engineering.
This article describes the energy and electricity production, consumption and import in Egypt.
Energy in Ethiopia is energy and electricity production, consumption, transport, exportation and importation in Ethiopia.
Energy in Iran describes energy and electricity production, consumption, import and export in Iran.
Nigeria's primary energy consumption was about 108 Mtoe in 2011.
Energy in Saudi Arabia describes petroleum production, consumption and export, but also natural gas and electricity production.
South Korea is a major energy importer, importing nearly all of its oil needs and the second-largest importer of liquefied natural gas in the world.
Energy in Thailand refers to energy and electricity production, consumption, import and export in Thailand.
The Democratic Republic of the Congo was a net energy exporter in 2008.
The total primary energy consumption of the Philippines in 2012 was 30.2 Mtoe (million Tonnes of oil equivalent), most of which came from fossil fuels.
Energy use in the United Kingdom stood at 2,249 TWh (193.4 million tonnes of oil equivalent) in 2014.
Energy in Turkey describes energy and electricity production, consumption and import in Turkey.
In 2013, Vietnam planned to consume over 133.4 billion kWh of electricity, an increase of 11% from 2012.
Energy storage is the capture of energy produced at one time for use at a later time.
Faraday's law of induction is a basic law of electromagnetism predicting how a magnetic field will interact with an electric circuit to produce an electromotive force (EMF)—a phenomenon called electromagnetic induction.
A fossil fuel is a fuel formed by natural processes, such as anaerobic decomposition of buried dead organisms, containing energy originating in ancient photosynthesis.
A fossil fuel power station is a power station which burns a fossil fuel such as coal, natural gas, or petroleum to produce electricity.
A fuel cell is an electrochemical cell that converts the chemical energy from a fuel into electricity through an electrochemical reaction of hydrogen fuel with oxygen or another oxidizing agent.
A gas turbine, also called a combustion turbine, is a type of continuous combustion, internal combustion engine.
Gasoline (American English), or petrol (British English), is a transparent, petroleum-derived liquid that is used primarily as a fuel in spark-ignited internal combustion engines.
A generation II reactor is a design classification for a nuclear reactor, and refers to the class of commercial reactors built up to the end of the 1990s.
Geothermal gradient is the rate of increasing temperature with respect to increasing depth in the Earth's interior.
Geothermal power is power generated by geothermal energy.
In thermodynamics, a heat engine is a system that converts heat or thermal energy—and chemical energy—to mechanical energy, which can then be used to do mechanical work.
A homopolar generator is a DC electrical generator comprising an electrically conductive disc or cylinder rotating in a plane perpendicular to a uniform static magnetic field.
Hot dry rock (HDR) is an abundant source of geothermal energy available to mankind.
Hydroelectricity is electricity produced from hydropower.
An intermittent energy source is any source of energy that is not continuously available for conversion into electricity and outside direct control because the used primary energy cannot be stored.
The kilowatt hour (symbol kWh, kW⋅h or kW h) is a unit of energy equal to 3.6 megajoules.
In physics, the kinetic energy of an object is the energy that it possesses due to its motion.
This is a list of the largest onshore wind farms that are currently operational, rated by generating capacity.
A magnet is a material or object that produces a magnetic field.
In physical sciences, mechanical energy is the sum of potential energy and kinetic energy.
Michael Faraday FRS (22 September 1791 – 25 August 1867) was an English scientist who contributed to the study of electromagnetism and electrochemistry.
Natural gas is a naturally occurring hydrocarbon gas mixture consisting primarily of methane, but commonly including varying amounts of other higher alkanes, and sometimes a small percentage of carbon dioxide, nitrogen, hydrogen sulfide, or helium.
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
Nikola Tesla (Никола Тесла; 10 July 1856 – 7 January 1943) was a Serbian-American inventor, electrical engineer, mechanical engineer, physicist, and futurist who is best known for his contributions to the design of the modern alternating current (AC) electricity supply system.
In atmospheric chemistry, is a generic term for the nitrogen oxides that are most relevant for air pollution, namely nitric oxide (NO) and nitrogen dioxide.
In nuclear physics and nuclear chemistry, nuclear fission is either a nuclear reaction or a radioactive decay process in which the nucleus of an atom splits into smaller parts (lighter nuclei).
Nuclear power is the use of nuclear reactions that release nuclear energy to generate heat, which most frequently is then used in steam turbines to produce electricity in a nuclear power plant.
A nuclear power plant or nuclear power station is a thermal power station in which the heat source is a nuclear reactor.
A nuclear reactor, formerly known as an atomic pile, is a device used to initiate and control a self-sustained nuclear chain reaction.
Ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) uses the temperature difference between cooler deep and warmer shallow or surface seawaters to run a heat engine and produce useful work, usually in the form of electricity.
An oil is any nonpolar chemical substance that is a viscous liquid at ambient temperatures and is both hydrophobic (does not mix with water, literally "water fearing") and lipophilic (mixes with other oils, literally "fat loving").
Osmotic power, salinity gradient power or blue energy is the energy available from the difference in the salt concentration between seawater and river water.
A parabolic trough is a type of solar thermal collector that is straight in one dimension and curved as a parabola in the other two, lined with a polished metal mirror.
Atmospheric aerosol particles, also known as atmospheric particulate matter, particulate matter (PM), particulates, or suspended particulate matter (SPM) are microscopic solid or liquid matter suspended in Earth's atmosphere.
Pearl Street is a street in the Financial District in Lower Manhattan, running northeast from Battery Park to the Brooklyn Bridge with an interruption at Fulton Street, where Pearl Street's alignment west of Fulton Street shifts one block south of its alignment east of Fulton Street, then turning west and terminating at Centre Street.
Pearl Street Station was the first commercial central power plant in the US.
The photovoltaic effect is the creation of voltage and electric current in a material upon exposure to light and is a physical and chemical property/phenomenon.
A photovoltaic system, also PV system or solar power system, is a power system designed to supply usable solar power by means of photovoltaics.
Photovoltaics (PV) is a term which covers the conversion of light into electricity using semiconducting materials that exhibit the photovoltaic effect, a phenomenon studied in physics, photochemistry, and electrochemistry.
Piezoelectricity is the electric charge that accumulates in certain solid materials (such as crystals, certain ceramics, and biological matter such as bone, DNA and various proteins) in response to applied mechanical stress.
Polycrystalline silicon, also called polysilicon or poly-Si, is a high purity, polycrystalline form of silicon, used as a raw material by the solar photovoltaic and electronics industry.
A power station, also referred to as a power plant or powerhouse and sometimes generating station or generating plant, is an industrial facility for the generation of electric power.
A primary cell is a battery that is designed to be used once and discarded, and not recharged with electricity and reused like a secondary cell (rechargeable battery).
Primary energy (PE) is an energy form found in nature that has not been subjected to any human engineered conversion process.
Pumped-storage hydroelectricity (PSH), or pumped hydroelectric energy storage (PHES), is a type of hydroelectric energy storage used by electric power systems for load balancing.
A rechargeable battery, storage battery, secondary cell, or accumulator is a type of electrical battery which can be charged, discharged into a load, and recharged many times, as opposed to a disposable or primary battery, which is supplied fully charged and discarded after use.
Renewable energy is energy that is collected from renewable resources, which are naturally replenished on a human timescale, such as sunlight, wind, rain, tides, waves, and geothermal heat.
The Second Industrial Revolution, also known as the Technological Revolution, was a phase of rapid industrialization in the final third of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th.
A solar cell, or photovoltaic cell, is an electrical device that converts the energy of light directly into electricity by the photovoltaic effect, which is a physical and chemical phenomenon.
Solar energy is radiant light and heat from the Sun that is harnessed using a range of ever-evolving technologies such as solar heating, photovoltaics, solar thermal energy, solar architecture, molten salt power plants and artificial photosynthesis.
Solar power is the conversion of energy from sunlight into electricity, either directly using photovoltaics (PV), indirectly using concentrated solar power, or a combination.
The solar power tower, also known as 'central tower' power plants or 'heliostat' power plants or power towers, is a type of solar furnace using a tower to receive the focused sunlight.
Solar thermal energy (STE) is a form of energy and a technology for harnessing solar energy to generate thermal energy or electrical energy for use in industry, and in the residential and commercial sectors.
The solar updraft tower (SUT) is a design concept for a renewable-energy power plant for generating electricity from low temperature solar heat.
A steam engine is a heat engine that performs mechanical work using steam as its working fluid.
A steam turbine is a device that extracts thermal energy from pressurized steam and uses it to do mechanical work on a rotating output shaft.
Sulfur dioxide (also sulphur dioxide in British English) is the chemical compound with the formula.
Telegraphy (from Greek: τῆλε têle, "at a distance" and γράφειν gráphein, "to write") is the long-distance transmission of textual or symbolic (as opposed to verbal or audio) messages without the physical exchange of an object bearing the message.
Thermal energy is a term used loosely as a synonym for more rigorously-defined thermodynamic quantities such as the internal energy of a system; heat or sensible heat, which are defined as types of transfer of energy (as is work); or for the characteristic energy of a degree of freedom in a thermal system kT, where T is temperature and k is the Boltzmann constant.
A thermal power station is a power station in which heat energy is converted to electric power.
The thermoelectric effect is the direct conversion of temperature differences to electric voltage and vice versa via a thermocouple.
Thomas Alva Edison (February 11, 1847October 18, 1931) was an American inventor and businessman, who has been described as America's greatest inventor.
Tidal power or tidal energy is a form of hydropower that converts the energy obtained from tides into useful forms of power, mainly electricity.
The tonne of oil equivalent (toe) is a unit of energy defined as the amount of energy released by burning one tonne of crude oil.
A transformer is a static electrical device that transfers electrical energy between two or more circuits through electromagnetic induction.
The triboelectric effect (also known as triboelectric charging) is a type of contact electrification on which certain materials become electrically charged after they come into frictional contact with a different material.
A turbine (from the Latin turbo, a vortex, related to the Greek τύρβη, tyrbē, meaning "turbulence") is a rotary mechanical device that extracts energy from a fluid flow and converts it into useful work.
A water turbine is a rotary machine that converts kinetic energy and potential energy of water into mechanical work.
Wind is the flow of gases on a large scale.
A wind turbine is a device that converts the wind's kinetic energy into electrical energy.
A windmill is a mill that converts the energy of wind into rotational energy by means of vanes called sails or blades.
World energy consumption is the total energy used by the entire human civilization.
A zinc–carbon battery is a dry cell primary battery that delivers about 1.5 volts of direct current from the electrochemical reaction between zinc and manganese dioxide.
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