508 relations: A Flock of Seagulls, Ableton Live, Ace Tone, Acid house, Acousmonium, Afrika Bambaataa, Alan Turing, Aleatoric music, Algorave, Algorithm, Alice Shields, Ambient music, Ames Research Center, Amiga, Ampex, Amplifier, Argentina, ARP Instruments, Atari, Atari Punk Console, Audio Engineering Society, Audio power amplifier, Audium (theater), Avant-garde music, École Normale de Musique de Paris, Baa, Baa, Black Sheep, Band-pass filter, Barry Vercoe, Bass drum, Bassline, Bülent Arel, BBC, BBC Radiophonic Workshop, Bebe and Louis Barron, Bell Labs, Belt-drive turntable, Bernard Herrmann, Big room house, Billboard (magazine), Book of Daniel, Brainvoyager, Break (music), Breakdancing, Brian Eno, British Library, Bruno Maderna, Cairo, Cambridge University Press, Can (band), Charanjit Singh (musician), ..., Charles Amirkhanian, Charles Ives, Charles Wuorinen, Chiptune, Christian Wolff (composer), Christopher Strachey, ChucK, Circuit bending, Claves, Clavioline, Clavivox, Cologne, Colonel Bogey March, Columbia University, Columbia–Princeton Electronic Music Center (album), Computer, Computer music, Computer Music Center, Cornell University Press, Cosmic Pulses, Cowbell, CSIRAC, Csound, Culture Club, Cyclone (computer), Cymbal, Dave Smith (engineer), David Tudor, Déserts, Deejay (Jamaican), Delia Derbyshire, Depeche Mode, Derrick May (musician), Dick Raaymakers, Die Reihe, Digital audio, Digital electronics, Digital synthesizer, Dimitrios Levidis, Diode matrix, Direct-drive turntable, Disco, DJ Kool Herc, Doctor Who, Doctor Who theme music, Donaueschingen Festival, Dover Publications, Dreadzone, Drum and bass, Drum machine, Dub music, Duran Duran, Dziga Vertov, Earle Brown, Edgard Varèse, Effects unit, Eindhoven, Electone, Electric Daisy Carnival, Electric guitar, Electric organ, Electro (music), Electro swing, Electroacoustic music, Electronic dance music, Electronic drum, Electronic musical instrument, Electronic rock, Electronic sackbut, Electronica, Electronicore, Electronics, Electronics in rock music, Electropop, Elsevier, Emerson, Lake & Palmer, EMS Synthi 100, Ernst Toch, Errol Thompson (audio engineer), Eurorack, Eurythmics, Everett Piano Company, Experimental music, Experimental musical instrument, Expo 58, Fact (UK magazine), Fairlight (company), Fairlight CMI, Faust (band), Ferranti Mark 1, Ferruccio Busoni, Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, Fill (music), Film, Folk music, Forbidden Planet, Francesco Balilla Pratella, Frank Zappa, Free reed aerophone, Frequency modulation, Frequency modulation synthesis, Futurism, Futurism (music), Gargoyle, Gary Numan, Gavriil Popov (composer), Genesis (band), George Frideric Handel, Gershon Kingsley, Gesang der Jünglinge, Glitch (music), God Save the Queen, Gong, Gottfried Michael Koenig, Graphical sound, Guggenheim Fellowship, H2g2, Ha!-Ha!-Ha!, Hal Leonard Corporation, Halim El-Dabh, Hamburg, Hammond organ, Harald Bode, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Henry Cowell, Herbert Eimert, Herbie 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Louis Andriessen, Luigi Russolo, Machine (mechanical), Macintosh, Magnetic tape, Manchester Baby, Manchester computers, Mario Davidovsky, Marvin Gaye, Mauricio Kagel, Max (software), Max Mathews, Medium (website), Mellotron, Metronome, Microprocessor, Microtonal music, MIDI, Mikrophonie (Stockhausen), Miller Puckette, Mills College, Milton Babbitt, Minimal music, Minimoog, Misha Mengelberg, Mixing console, Mixmag, Mixtur, Modernism (music), Module file, Monitor (NBC Radio), Monochord, Moog modular synthesizer, Moog Music, Moog synthesizer, Morton Feldman, Morton Subotnick, Movement (music), Music industry, Music Mouse, Music of Asia, Music of Jamaica, Music sequencer, Music software, Music technology, Music technology (electronic and digital), MUSIC-N, Musical improvisation, Musique concrète, NAMM Show, National Endowment for the Arts, NBC, Neil Rolnick, Neo soul, Netherlands, New Interfaces for Musical Expression, New Romantic, New Sounds: A Listener's Guide to New Music, New wave 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Radiodiffusion-Télévision Française, Ramon Sender, Rave, Raymond Scott, Répons, RCA Mark II Sound Synthesizer, Reaktor, Reason (software), Reed Ghazala, Reel-to-reel audio tape recording, Reggae, Reinbert de Leeuw, Remix, Reverb.com, Richard Boulanger, Ring modulation, Robert Moog, Robert Rauschenberg, Rock music, Roland Corporation, Roland MC-8 Microcomposer, Roland Rhythm 77, Roland TB-303, Roland TR-808, Rolf Gehlhaar, Ron Grainer, Routledge, Rowman & Littlefield, Roxy Music, Sampling (music), Sampling (signal processing), San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco Tape Music Center, Scientist (musician), Seeburg Corporation, Sequential Circuits, Serialism, Sexual Healing, Shellac, Shirō Fukai, Sine wave, Sirius (Stockhausen), Slide show, Sogitec 4X, Solid State Survivor, Sony, Sound art, Sound collage, Sound installation, Sound object, Sound on Sound, Sound recording and reproduction, Sound sculpture, Sound system (Jamaican), Sound-on-film, SoundCloud, Soundtrack, Spandau 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A Flock of Seagulls are an English new wave and synth-pop band originally formed in 1980 in Liverpool by Michael "Mike" Score (keyboards, vocals) and his brother Alister "Ali" James Score (drums), with their most famous line-up consisting of the Score brothers along with Francis Lee "Frank" Maudsley (bass) and Paul Reynolds (guitar).
Ableton Live is a software music sequencer and digital audio workstation for macOS and Windows.
Ace Electronic Industries Inc., or Ace Tone was a manufacturer of electronic musical instruments, including electronic organs, analogue drum machines, and electronic drums, as well as amplifiers and effects pedals.
Acid house is a subgenre of house music developed around the mid-1980s by DJs from Chicago.
The Acousmonium is the sound diffusion system designed in 1974 by Francois Bayle and used originally by the Groupe de Recherches Musicales at the Maison de Radio France.
Afrika Bambaataa (born Lance Taylor; April 17, 1957) is an American disc jockey, singer, songwriter and producer from the South Bronx, New York.
Alan Mathison Turing (23 June 1912 – 7 June 1954) was an English computer scientist, mathematician, logician, cryptanalyst, philosopher, and theoretical biologist.
Aleatoric music (also aleatory music or chance music; from the Latin word alea, meaning "dice") is music in which some element of the composition is left to chance, and/or some primary element of a composed work's realization is left to the determination of its performer(s).
An Algorave is an event where people dance to music generated from algorithms, often using live coding techniques, and short for "algorithmic rave." Alex McLean of Slub and Nick Collins coined the word "algorave", with the first event to be held under that name taking place in 2012.
In mathematics and computer science, an algorithm is an unambiguous specification of how to solve a class of problems.
Alice Shields (born Alice F. Shields, Manhattan, New York, February 18, 1943) is an American classical composer.
Ambient music is a genre of music that puts an emphasis on tone and atmosphere over traditional musical structure or rhythm.
Ames Research Center (ARC), also known as NASA Ames, is a major NASA research center at Moffett Federal Airfield in California's Silicon Valley.
The Amiga is a family of personal computers introduced by Commodore in 1985.
Ampex is an American electronics company founded in 1944 by Alexander M. Poniatoff.
An amplifier, electronic amplifier or (informally) amp is an electronic device that can increase the power of a signal (a time-varying voltage or current).
Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic (República Argentina), is a federal republic located mostly in the southern half of South America.
ARP Instruments, Inc. was an American manufacturer of electronic musical instruments, founded by Alan Robert Pearlman The name of founder Alan Robert Pearlman seems to be sometimes possibly incorrectly described as "Alan Richard Pearlman", as seen as below.
Atari is a corporate and brand name owned by several entities since its inception in 1972, currently by Atari Interactive, a subsidiary of the French publisher Atari, SA.
The Atari Punk Console (commonly shortened to APC) is a popular circuit that utilizes two 555 timer ICs or a single 556 dual timer IC.
Established in 1948, the Audio Engineering Society (AES) draws its membership from engineers, scientists, other individuals with an interest or involvement in the professional audio industry.
An audio power amplifier (or power amp) is an electronic amplifier that reproduces low-power electronic audio signals such as the signal from radio receiver or electric guitar pickup at a level that is strong enough for driving (or powering) loudspeakers or headphones.
Audium is a sound art event that has been presented weekly in San Francisco since 1967.
Avant-garde music is music that is considered to be at the forefront of experimentation or innovation in its field, with the term "avant-garde" implying a critique of existing aesthetic conventions, rejection of the status quo in favor of unique or original elements, and the idea of deliberately challenging or alienating audiences.
The École Normale de Musique de Paris "Alfred Cortot" (ENMP) is a leading conservatoire located in Paris.
"Baa, Baa, Black Sheep" is an English nursery rhyme, the earliest surviving version of which dates from 1731.
A band-pass filter, also bandpass filter or BPF, is a device that passes frequencies within a certain range and rejects (attenuates) frequencies outside that range.
Barry Vercoe is a New Zealand-born computer scientist and composer.
A bass drum, or kick drum, is a large drum that produces a note of low definite or indefinite pitch.
A bassline (also known as a bass line or bass part) is the term used in many styles of music, such as jazz, blues, funk, dub and electronic, traditional music, or classical music for the low-pitched instrumental part or line played (in jazz and some forms of popular music) by a rhythm section instrument such as the electric bass, double bass, cello, tuba or keyboard (piano, Hammond organ, electric organ, or synthesizer).
Bülent Arel (23 April 1919 – 24 November 1990) was a Turkish-born composer of contemporary classical music and electronic music.
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.
The BBC Radiophonic Workshop was one of the sound effects units of the BBC, created in 1958 to produce incidental sounds and new music for radio and, later, television.
Bebe Barron (June 16, 1925 – April 20, 2008) and Louis Barron (April 23, 1920 – November 1, 1989) were two American pioneers in the field of electronic music.
Nokia Bell Labs (formerly named AT&T Bell Laboratories, Bell Telephone Laboratories and Bell Labs) is an American research and scientific development company, owned by Finnish company Nokia.
There are three main types of phonograph turntable drives being manufactured today: the belt-drive, idler-wheel and direct-drive systems; the names are based upon the type of coupling used between the platter of the turntable and the motor.
Bernard Herrmann (born Max Herman; June 29, 1911December 24, 1975) was an American composer best known for his work in composing for motion pictures.
Big room house is a subgenre of electro house.
Billboard (styled as billboard) is an American entertainment media brand owned by the Billboard-Hollywood Reporter Media Group, a division of Eldridge Industries.
The Book of Daniel is a biblical apocalypse, combining a prophecy of history with an eschatology (the study of last things) which is both cosmic in scope and political in its focus.
Brainvoyager is the artist name of Jos Verboven (born 17 July 1962) a Dutch electronic music composer and musician.
In popular music, a break is an instrumental or percussion section during a song derived from or related to stop-time – being a "break" from the main parts of the song or piece.
Breakdancing, also called breaking or b-boying/b-girling, is an athletic style of street dance.
Brian Peter George St John le Baptiste de la Salle Eno, RDI (born Brian Peter George Eno; 15 May 1948) is an English musician, composer, record producer, singer, writer, and visual artist.
The British Library is the national library of the United Kingdom and the largest national library in the world by number of items catalogued.
Bruno Maderna (21 April 1920 – 13 November 1973) was an Italian conductor and composer.
Cairo (القاهرة) is the capital of Egypt.
Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.
Can was a German experimental rock band formed in Cologne, West Germany, in 1968 by the core quartet of Holger Czukay (bass), Irmin Schmidt (keyboards), Michael Karoli (guitar), and Jaki Liebezeit (drums).
Charanjit Singh (1940 – 5 July 2015) was an Indian musician from Mumbai, who performed as a session musician, often as a guitarist or synthesizer player, in numerous Bollywood soundtrack orchestras from the 1960s to 1980s, working with filmi composers such as Shankar-Jaikishan, R.D. Burman (Rahul Dev Burman), S.D. Burman, and Laxmikant-Pyarelal.
Charles Benjamin Amirkhanian (born January 19, 1945; Fresno, California) is an American composer.
Charles Edward Ives (October 20, 1874May 19, 1954) was an American modernist composer.
Charles Peter Wuorinen (born June 9, 1938) is a Pulitzer Prize-winning American composer of contemporary classical music based in New York City.
Chiptune, also known as chip music or 8-bit music, is synthesized electronic music which is made for programmable sound generator (PSG) sound chips used in vintage computers, consoles, and arcade machines.
Christian G. Wolff (born March 8, 1934) is an American composer of experimental classical music.
Christopher S. Strachey (16 November 1916 – 18 May 1975) was a British computer scientist.
ChucK is a concurrent, strongly timed audio programming language for real-time synthesis, composition, and performance, which runs on Linux, Mac OS X, Microsoft Windows, and iOS.
Circuit bending is the creative, chance-based customization of the circuits within electronic devices such as low-voltage, battery-powered guitar effects, children's toys and digital synthesizers to create new musical or visual instruments and sound generators.
Claves are a percussion instrument (idiophone), consisting of a pair of short (about, thick dowels. Traditionally they are made of wood, typically rosewood, ebony or grenadilla. In modern times they are also made of fibreglass or plastics. When struck they produce a bright clicking noise. Claves are sometimes hollow and carved in the middle to amplify the sound.
The clavioline is an electronic keyboard instrument, a forerunner to the analog synthesizer.
The Clavivox was a keyboard sound synthesizer and sequencer developed by American composer Raymond Scott beginning in 1950.
Cologne (Köln,, Kölle) is the largest city in the German federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia and the fourth most populated city in Germany (after Berlin, Hamburg, and Munich).
The “Colonel Bogey March” is a British march that was composed in 1914 by Lieutenant F. J. Ricketts (1881–1945) (pen name Kenneth J. Alford), a British Army bandmaster who later became the director of music for the Royal Marines at Plymouth.
Columbia University (Columbia; officially Columbia University in the City of New York), established in 1754, is a private Ivy League research university in Upper Manhattan, New York City.
Columbia-Princeton Electronic Music Center was an album of electronic music released in 1964.
A computer is a device that can be instructed to carry out sequences of arithmetic or logical operations automatically via computer programming.
Computer music is the application of computing technology in music composition, to help human composers create new music or to have computers independently create music, such as with algorithmic composition programs.
The Computer Music Center (CMC) at Columbia University is the oldest center for electronic and computer music research in the United States.
The Cornell University Press is a division of Cornell University housed in Sage House, the former residence of Henry William Sage.
Cosmic Pulses is the last electronic composition by Karlheinz Stockhausen, and it is number 93 in his catalog of works.
A cow bell or cowbell is a bell worn by freely roaming animals made to scare off any predators.
CSIRAC (Council for Scientific and Industrial Research Automatic Computer), originally known as CSIR Mk 1, was Australia's first digital computer, and the fifth stored program computer in the world.
Csound is a computer programming language for sound, also known as a sound compiler or an audio programming language, or more precisely, an audio DSL.
Culture Club are an English new wave band that formed in London in 1981.
The Cyclone, was a vacuum tube computer, built by Iowa State College (later University) at Ames, Iowa.
A cymbal is a common percussion instrument.
Dave Smith is an engineer and musician who has pioneered many groundbreaking music technologies.
David Eugene Tudor (January 20, 1926 – August 13, 1996) was an American pianist and composer of experimental music.
Déserts (1950–1954) is a piece by Edgard Varèse for 14 winds (brass and woodwinds), 5 percussion players, 1 piano, and electronic tape.
In Jamaican music, a deejay (DJ) is a reggae or dancehall musician who sings and "toasts" to an instrumental riddim.
Delia Ann Derbyshire (5 May 1937 – 3 July 2001) was an English musician and composer of electronic music.
Depeche Mode are an English electronic band formed in Basildon, Essex in 1980.
Derrick May (born April 6, 1963), also known as Mayday and Rhythim Is Rhythim, is an electronic musician from Belleville, Michigan, United States.
Dick Raaijmakers (also Raaymakers; 1 September 1930 – 4 September 2013) was a Dutch composer, theater maker and theorist.
Die Reihe was a German-language music journal, edited by Herbert Eimert and Karlheinz Stockhausen and published by Universal Edition (Vienna) between 1955 and 1962.
Digital audio is audio, or simply sound, signal that has been recorded as or converted into digital form, where the sound wave of the audio signal is encoded as numerical samples in continuous sequence, typically at CD audio quality which is 16 bit sample depth over 44.1 thousand samples per second.
Digital electronics or digital (electronic) circuits are electronics that operate on digital signals.
A digital synthesizer is a synthesizer that uses digital signal processing (DSP) techniques to make musical sounds.
Dimitrios Levidis (Δημήτριος Λεβίδης; 8 April 1885 or 1886, Athens - 29 May 1951, Palaio Faliro) was a Greek composer, later naturalized French (1929).
A diode matrix is a two-dimensional grid of wires: each "intersection" wherein one row crosses over another has either a diode connecting them, or the wires are isolated from each other.
A direct-drive turntable is one of the three main phonograph designs currently being produced.
Disco is a musical style that emerged in the mid 1960s and early 1970s from America's urban nightlife scene, where it originated in house parties and makeshift discothèques, reaching its peak popularity between the mid-1970s and early 1980s.
Clive Campbell (born April 16, 1955), better known by his stage name DJ Kool Herc, is a Jamaican–American DJ who is credited with helping originate hip hop music in the early–1970s in The Bronx, New York City.
Doctor Who is a British science-fiction television programme produced by the BBC since 1963.
The Doctor Who theme music is a piece of music written by Australian composer Ron Grainer and realised by Delia Derbyshire at the BBC Radiophonic Workshop.
The Donaueschingen Festival (Donaueschinger Musiktage) is a festival for new music that takes place every October in the small town of Donaueschingen in south-western Germany.
Dover Publications, also known as Dover Books, is an American book publisher founded in 1941 by Hayward Cirker and his wife, Blanche.
Dreadzone are a British electronic music group.
Drum and bass (also written as "drum 'n' bass" or "drum & bass"; commonly abbreviated as "D&B", "DnB" or "D'n'B"), is a genre and branch of electronic music which emerged from rave and jungle scenes in Britain during the early 1990s.
A drum machine is an electronic musical instrument that creates percussion.
Dub is a genre of music that grew out of reggae in the 1960s, and is commonly considered a subgenre,Dub: soundscapes and shattered songs in Jamaican reggae, p.2 though it has developed to extend beyond the scope of reggae.
Duran Duran are an English new wave and synthpop band formed in Birmingham in 1978.
Dziga Vertov (Дзига Вертов; born David Abelevich Kaufman, Дави́д А́белевич Ка́уфман., and also known as Denis Kaufman; 2 January 1896 – 12 February 1954) was a Soviet pioneer documentary film and newsreel director, as well as a cinema theorist.
Earle Brown (December 26, 1926 – July 2, 2002) was an American composer who established his own formal and notational systems.
Edgard Victor Achille Charles Varèse (also spelled Edgar Varèse;Malcolm MacDonald, Varèse, Astronomer in Sound (London, 2003), p. xi. December 22, 1883 – November 6, 1965) was a French-born composer who spent the greater part of his career in the United States.
An effects unit or effects pedal is an electronic or digital device that alters the sound of a musical instrument or other audio source.
Eindhoven is a municipality and city in the south of the Netherlands, originally at the confluence of the Dommel and Gender streams.
Electone is the trademark used for electronic organs produced by Yamaha.
Electric Daisy Carnival, commonly known as EDC, is an annual electronic dance music festival, with its flagship event held annually in Las Vegas, Nevada.
An electric guitar is a guitar that uses one or more pickups to convert the vibration of its strings into electrical signals.
An electric organ, also known as electronic organ, is an electronic keyboard instrument which was derived from the harmonium, pipe organ and theatre organ.
Electro (or electro-funk).
Electro swing is a music genre that combines the influence of vintage or modern swing and jazz mixed with house, hip hop, and EDM.
Electroacoustic music originated in Western art music around the middle of the 20th century, following the incorporation of electric sound production into compositional practice.
Electronic dance music (also known as EDM, dance music, club music, or simply dance) is a broad range of percussive electronic music genres made largely for nightclubs, raves, and festivals.
An electronic drum, also known as electric drums, digital drums, or electronic percussion, is a modern electronic musical instrument, a special type of synthesizer or sampler, primarily designed to serve as an alternative to an acoustic drum kit or other percussion instruments.
An electronic musical instrument is a musical instrument that produces sound using electronic circuitry.
Electronic rock is a broad music genre that involves a combination of rock music and electronic music, featuring instruments typically found within both genres.
The electronic sackbut is an instrument designed by Hugh Le Caine in the 1940s.
Electronica encompasses a broad group of electronic-based styles such as techno, house, ambient, jungle and other electronic music styles intended not just for dancing.
Electronicore (also known as synthcore or trancecore) describes a stylistic fusion of post-hardcore and metalcore with elements of various electronic music genres, such as trance, electronica, and dubstep.
Electronics is the discipline dealing with the development and application of devices and systems involving the flow of electrons in a vacuum, in gaseous media, and in semiconductors.
The use of electronic music technology in rock music coincided with the practical availability of electronic musical instruments and the genre's emergence as a distinct style.
Electropop is a variant of synth-pop that places more emphasis on a harder, electronic sound.
Elsevier is an information and analytics company and one of the world's major providers of scientific, technical, and medical information.
Emerson, Lake & Palmer (ELP) were an English progressive rock supergroup formed in London in 1970.
The EMS Synthi 100 was a large analogue/digital hybrid synthesizer made by Electronic Music Studios (London) Ltd.
Ernst Toch (7 December 18871 October 1964) was an Austrian composer of classical music and film scores.
Errol Thompson (December 29, 1948 – November 13, 2004), better known as "ET", was a record producer, audio engineer, and one of the first studio engineers to be involved in dub music.
Eurorack is a modular synthesizer format originally specified in 1996 by Doepfer Musikelektronik.
Eurythmics were a British music duo consisting of members Annie Lennox and David A. Stewart.
The Everett Piano Company or simply Everett Piano was a piano manufacturing company founded by the John Church Company.
Experimental music is a general label for any music that pushes existing boundaries and genre definitions.
An experimental musical instrument (or custom-made instrument) is a musical instrument that modifies or extends an existing instrument or class of instruments, or defines or creates a new class of instrument.
Expo 58, also known as the Brussels World’s Fair (Brusselse Wereldtentoonstelling, Exposition Universelle et Internationale de Bruxelles), was held from 17 April to 19 October 1958.
Fact (stylised as FACT) is a music publication that launched in the UK in 2003.
Fairlight is a digital audio company based in Sydney.
The Fairlight CMI (short for Computer Musical Instrument) is a digital synthesizer, sampler and digital audio workstation introduced in 1979 by the founders of Fairlight, Peter Vogel and Kim Ryrie, — with links to some Fairlight history and photos developed based on the commercial license of Qasar M8 dual-MC6800 microprocessor musical instrument originally developed by Tony Furse of Creative Strategies in Sydney, Australia.
Faust (English: "fist") are a German krautrock band.
The Ferranti Mark 1, also known as the Manchester Electronic Computer in its sales literature, and thus sometimes called the Manchester Ferranti, was the world's first commercially available general-purpose electronic computer.
Ferruccio Busoni (1 April 1866 – 27 July 1924) (given names: Ferruccio Dante Michelangiolo Benvenuto) was an Italian composer, pianist, conductor, editor, writer, and teacher.
Filippo Tommaso Emilio Marinetti (22 December 1876 – 2 December 1944) was an Italian poet, editor, art theorist, and founder of the Futurist movement.
In popular music, a fill is a short musical passage, riff, or rhythmic sound which helps to sustain the listener's attention during a break between the phrases of a melody.
A film, also called a movie, motion picture, moving pícture, theatrical film, or photoplay, is a series of still images that, when shown on a screen, create the illusion of moving images.
Folk music includes both traditional music and the genre that evolved from it during the 20th century folk revival.
Forbidden Planet is a 1956 American science fiction film produced by Nicholas Nayfack, directed by Fred M. Wilcox that stars Walter Pidgeon, Anne Francis, and Leslie Nielsen.
Francesco Balilla Pratella (Lugo, Italy February 1, 1880 – Ravenna, Italy May 17, 1955) was an Italian composer, musicologist and essayist.
Frank Vincent Zappa (December 21, 1940 – December 4, 1993) was an American musician, composer, activist and filmmaker.
A free reed aerophone is a musical instrument that produces sound as air flows past a vibrating reed in a frame.
In telecommunications and signal processing, frequency modulation (FM) is the encoding of information in a carrier wave by varying the instantaneous frequency of the wave.
Frequency modulation synthesis (or FM synthesis) is a form of sound synthesis where the timbre of a simple waveform (such as a square, triangle, or sawtooth) called the carrier, is changed by modulating its frequency with a modulator frequency that is also in the same or similar audio range, so that a more complex timbre results.
Futurism (Futurismo) was an artistic and social movement that originated in Italy in the early 20th century.
Futurism was an early 20th-century art movement which encompassed painting, sculpture, poetry, theatre, music, architecture and gastronomy.
In architecture, a gargoyle is a carved or formed grotesque with a spout designed to convey water from a roof and away from the side of a building, thereby preventing rainwater from running down masonry walls and eroding the mortar between.
Gary Anthony James Webb (born 8 March 1958), known professionally as Gary Numan, is an English singer, songwriter, composer, musician and record producer.
Gavriil Nikolayevich Popov (Гаврии́л Никола́евич Попо́в; 12 September 1904, Novocherkassk – 17 February 1972, Repino) was a Soviet Russian composer.
Genesis were an English rock band formed at Charterhouse School, Godalming, Surrey in 1967.
George Frideric (or Frederick) Handel (born italic; 23 February 1685 (O.S.) – 14 April 1759) was a German, later British, Baroque composer who spent the bulk of his career in London, becoming well-known for his operas, oratorios, anthems, and organ concertos.
Gershon Kingsley (born Götz Gustav Ksinski; October 28, 1922) is a contemporary German-American composer, is a pioneer of electronic music and the Moog synthesizer and founder of the First Moog Quartet, as a partner in the electronic music duo Perrey and Kingsley, and writer of rock-inspired compositions for Jewish religious ceremonies.
Gesang der Jünglinge (literally "Song of the Youths"—full title Gesang der Jünglinge im Feuerofen or "Song of the Youths in the Furnace) is a noted electronic music work by Karlheinz Stockhausen.
Glitch is a genre of electronic music that emerged in the late 1990s.
"God Save the Queen" (alternatively "God Save the King", depending on the gender of the reigning monarch) is the national or royal anthem in a number of Commonwealth realms, their territories, and the British Crown dependencies.
A gong (from Malay: gong;; ra; គង - Kong; ฆ้อง Khong; cồng chiêng) is an East and Southeast Asian musical percussion instrument that takes the form of a flat, circular metal disc which is hit with a mallet.
Gottfried Michael Koenig (born 5 October 1926 in Magdeburg) is a contemporary German-Dutch composer.
Graphical sound or drawn sound (Fr. son dessiné, Ger. graphische Tonerzeugung,; It. suono disegnato) is a sound recording created from images drawn directly onto film or paper that were then played back using a sound system.
Guggenheim Fellowships are grants that have been awarded annually since 1925 by the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation to those "who have demonstrated exceptional capacity for productive scholarship or exceptional creative ability in the arts".
The h2g2 website is a British-based collaborative online encyclopedia project.
Ha!-Ha!-Ha! was the second album by British pop group Ultravox, at that time known as "Ultravox!", with an exclamation mark, as a nod to Neu!.
Hal Leonard Corporation is a United States music publishing and distribution company founded in Winona, Minnesota, by Harold "Hal" Edstrom, his brother, Everett "Leonard" Edstrom, and fellow musician Roger Busdicker.
Halim Abdul Messieh El-Dabh (حليم عبد المسيح الضبع, Ḥalīm ʻAbd al-Masīḥ al-Ḍabʻ; March 4, 1921 – September 2, 2017) was an Egyptian American composer, musician, ethnomusicologist, and educator, who has had a career spanning six decades.
Hamburg (locally), Hamborg, officially the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg (Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg, Friee un Hansestadt Hamborg),Constitution of Hamburg), is the second-largest city of Germany as well as one of the country's 16 constituent states, with a population of roughly 1.8 million people. The city lies at the core of the Hamburg Metropolitan Region which spreads across four German federal states and is home to more than five million people. The official name reflects Hamburg's history as a member of the medieval Hanseatic League, a free imperial city of the Holy Roman Empire, a city-state and one of the 16 states of Germany. Before the 1871 Unification of Germany, it was a fully sovereign state. Prior to the constitutional changes in 1919 it formed a civic republic headed constitutionally by a class of hereditary grand burghers or Hanseaten. The city has repeatedly been beset by disasters such as the Great Fire of Hamburg, exceptional coastal flooding and military conflicts including World War II bombing raids. Historians remark that the city has managed to recover and emerge wealthier after each catastrophe. Situated on the river Elbe, Hamburg is home to Europe's second-largest port and a broad corporate base. In media, the major regional broadcasting firm NDR, the printing and publishing firm italic and the newspapers italic and italic are based in the city. Hamburg remains an important financial center, the seat of Germany's oldest stock exchange and the world's oldest merchant bank, Berenberg Bank. Media, commercial, logistical, and industrial firms with significant locations in the city include multinationals Airbus, italic, italic, italic, and Unilever. The city is a forum for and has specialists in world economics and international law with such consular and diplomatic missions as the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, the EU-LAC Foundation, and the UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning. In recent years, the city has played host to multipartite international political conferences and summits such as Europe and China and the G20. Former German Chancellor italic, who governed Germany for eight years, and Angela Merkel, German chancellor since 2005, come from Hamburg. The city is a major international and domestic tourist destination. It ranked 18th in the world for livability in 2016. The Speicherstadt and Kontorhausviertel were declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO in 2015. Hamburg is a major European science, research, and education hub, with several universities and institutions. Among its most notable cultural venues are the italic and italic concert halls. It gave birth to movements like Hamburger Schule and paved the way for bands including The Beatles. Hamburg is also known for several theatres and a variety of musical shows. St. Pauli's italic is among the best-known European entertainment districts.
The Hammond organ is an electric organ, invented by Laurens Hammond and John M. Hanert and first manufactured in 1935.
Harald Bode (October 19, 1909 – January 15, 1987) was a German engineer and pioneer in the development of electronic music instruments.
The Hebrew University of Jerusalem (האוניברסיטה העברית בירושלים, Ha-Universita ha-Ivrit bi-Yerushalayim; الجامعة العبرية في القدس, Al-Jami'ah al-Ibriyyah fi al-Quds; abbreviated HUJI) is Israel's second oldest university, established in 1918, 30 years before the establishment of the State of Israel.
Henry Dixon Cowell (March 11, 1897 – December 10, 1965) was an American composer, music theorist, pianist, teacher, publisher, and impresario.
Herbert Eimert (8 April 1897 – 15 December 1972) was a German music theorist, musicologist, journalist, music critic, editor, radio producer, and composer.
Herbert Jeffrey "Herbie" Hancock (born April 12, 1940) is an American pianist, keyboardist, bandleader, composer and actor.
Higher Intelligence Agency (HIA) is the main electronic music project of Birmingham, UK based Bobby Bird.
Hip hop, or hip-hop, is a subculture and art movement developed in the Bronx in New York City during the late 1970s.
Hip hop music, also called hip-hopMerriam-Webster Dictionary entry on hip-hop, retrieved from: A subculture especially of inner-city black youths who are typically devotees of rap music; the stylized rhythmic music that commonly accompanies rap; also rap together with this music.
Hiroshima mon amour (Hiroshima My Love; 二十四時間の情事 Nijūyojikan'nojōji, Twenty-four-hour affair) is a 1959 French Left Bank drama film directed by French film director Alain Resnais, with a screenplay by Marguerite Duras.
House music is a genre of electronic dance music created by club DJs and music producers in Chicago in the early 1980s.
HuffPost (formerly The Huffington Post and sometimes abbreviated HuffPo) is a liberal American news and opinion website and blog that has both localized and international editions.
Hugh Le Caine (May 27, 1914 – July 3, 1977) was a Canadian physicist, composer, and instrument builder.
Hymnen (German for "Anthems") is an electronic and concrete work, with optional live performers, by Karlheinz Stockhausen, composed in 1966–67, and elaborated in 1969.
Iannis Xenakis (Greek: Γιάννης (Ιάννης) Ξενάκης; 29 May 1922 – 4 February 2001) was a Romanian-born, Greek-French composer, music theorist, architect, and engineer.
, also known by the nickname Taro, was a Japanese engineer, inventor and entrepreneur.
ILLIAC (Illinois Automatic Computer) was a series of supercomputers built at a variety of locations, some at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
Illiac Suite (later retitled String Quartet No. 4) is a 1957 composition for string quartet which is generally agreed to be the first score composed by an electronic computer.
Imaginary Landscape is the title of a series of five pieces by American composer John Cage, all of which include instruments or other elements requiring electricity.
Imaginary Landscape No.
"In the Mood" is a popular big band-era #1 hit recorded by American bandleader Glenn Miller.
Indie rock is a genre of rock music that originated in the United Kingdom in the 1970s.
Industrial music is a fusion genre of electronic and experimental music which draws on harsh, transgressive or provocative sounds and themes.
The Institute of Sonology is an education and research center for electronic music and computer music based at the Royal Conservatory of The Hague in the Netherlands.
An instrument amplifier is an electronic device that converts the often barely audible or purely electronic signal of a musical instrument into an audible sound.
Intelligent dance music (commonly abbreviated as IDM) is a form of electronic music that emerged in the early 1990s, characterized by an abstract or "cerebral" sound better suited for home listening than dancing.
Iowa State University of Science and Technology, generally referred to as Iowa State, is a public flagship land-grant and space-grant research university located in Ames, Iowa, United States.
IRCAM (or Institute for Research and Coordination in Acoustics/Music in English) is a French institute for science about music and sound and avant garde electro-acoustical art music.
, often known simply as Tomita, was a Japanese music composer, regarded as one of the pioneers of electronic music and space music, and as one of the most famous producers of analog synthesizer arrangements.
Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.
Japan were an English band formed in 1974 in Catford, South London by David Sylvian (vocals, guitar, keyboards), Steve Jansen (drums), Richard Barbieri (keyboards) and Mick Karn (bass guitar).
Jean-Michel André Jarre (born 24 August 1948) is a French composer, performer and record producer.
John Milton Cage Jr. (September 5, 1912 – August 12, 1992) was an American composer and music theorist.
John M. Chowning (born August 22, 1934 in Salem, New Jersey) is an American composer, musician, inventor, and professor best known for his work at Stanford University and his invention of FM synthesis while there.
John McGuire (born June 27, 1942 in Artesia, California) is an American composer, pianist, organist, and music editor.
Josef Tal (Hebrew: יוסף טל; September 18, 1910 – August 25, 2008) was an Israeli composer.
Joseph Moiseyevich Schillinger (Russian: Иосиф Моисеевич Шиллингер, 31 August 1895 – 23 March 1943) was a composer, music theorist, and composition teacher who originated the Schillinger System of Musical Composition.
Juan Atkins (born December 9, 1962) is an American musician.
Jungle is a genre of electronic music derived from breakbeat hardcore that developed in England in the early 1990s as part of UK rave scenes.
,, usually referred to as JVC or The Japan Victor Company, is a Japanese international professional and consumer electronics corporation based in Yokohama.
Karlheinz Stockhausen (22 August 1928 – 5 December 2007) was a German composer, widely acknowledged by critics as one of the most important but also controversial composers of the 20th and early 21st centuries.
is a musical instrument manufacturing company headquartered in Hamamatsu, Shizuoka, Japan.
Kürten is a village and a municipality in the Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Osbourne Ruddock (28 January 1941 – 6 February 1989), better known as King Tubby, was a Jamaican sound engineer who greatly influenced the development of dub in the 1960s and 1970s.
Kingston is the capital and largest city of Jamaica, located on the southeastern coast of the island.
Konrad Boehmer (24 May 1941 – 4 October 2014) was a German-Dutch composer, educator, and writer.
Kontakte ("Contacts") is an electronic music work by Karlheinz Stockhausen, realized in 1958–60 at the Westdeutscher Rundfunk (WDR) electronic-music studio in Cologne with the assistance of Gottfried Michael Koenig.
, founded as Keio Electronic Laboratories, is a Japanese multinational corporation that manufactures electronic musical instruments, audio processors and guitar pedals, recording equipment, and electronic tuners.
Mini Pops was the name given to a number of early drum machines from the Japanese musical equipment company Korg during the late 1960shttp://matrixsynth.blogspot.com/2011/04/korg-mini-pops-3-vintage-analog-drum.html and the 1970s.
Kraftwerk ("power station") is a German band formed in Düsseldorf in 1970 by Ralf Hütter and Florian Schneider.
Krautrock (also called " ", cosmic music") is a broad genre of experimental rock that developed in Germany in the late 1960s.
Kurt Hermann Eduard Karl Julius Schwitters (20 June 1887 – 8 January 1948) was a German artist who was born in Hanover, Germany.
LaFarr Stuart (born July 6, 1934 in Clarkston, Utah), now retired, was an early computer music pioneer, computer engineer and member of the Homebrew Computer Club.
A laptop, also called a notebook computer or just notebook, is a small, portable personal computer with a "clamshell" form factor, having, typically, a thin LCD or LED computer screen mounted on the inside of the upper lid of the "clamshell" and an alphanumeric keyboard on the inside of the lower lid.
Lawrence Michael "Larry" Beauregard (October 14, 1956 – September 4, 1985) was a Canadian flautist.
A lathe is a tool that rotates the workpiece about an axis of rotation to perform various operations such as cutting, sanding, knurling, drilling, deformation, facing, and turning, with tools that are applied to the workpiece to create an object with symmetry about that axis.
Laurie Spiegel (born September 20, 1945 in Chicago) is an American composer.
Lee "Scratch" Perry OD (born Rainford Hugh Perry; 20 March 1936) is a Jamaican music producer and inventor noted for his innovative studio techniques and production style.
Lejaren Arthur Hiller (February 23, 1924, New York City – January 26, 1994, Buffalo, New York) © 1994 by Peter Gena.
Leonardo Music Journal is an annual multimedia peer-reviewed academic journal (print and audio CD) published by the MIT Press on behalf of Leonardo/ISAST, the International Society for the Arts, Sciences and Technology.
Leopold Anthony Stokowski (18 April 188213 September 1977) was an English conductor of Polish and Irish descent.
The following is an incomplete list of music festivals that feature electronic music, which encapsulates music featuring electronic instruments such as electric guitar and keyboards, as well as recent genres such as electronic dance music (EDM).
This is a list of electronic music genres, consisting of genres of electronic music, primarily created with electronic musical instruments or electronic music technology.
Live coding (sometimes referred to as 'on-the-fly programming', 'just in time programming' and 'conversational programming') makes programming an integral part of the running program.
Live electronic music (also known as live electronics) is a form of music that can include traditional electronic sound-generating devices, modified electric musical instruments, hacked sound generating technologies, and computers.
Live PA (meaning Live Public Address, or Live Personal Appearance) is the act of performing live electronic music in settings typically associated with DJing, such as nightclubs, raves, and more recently dance music festivals.
Loop Guru is a worldbeat group consisting of bassist/guitarist Salman Gita (born Sam Dodson) and programmer Jamuud (born David Muddyman).
A loudspeaker (or loud-speaker or speaker) is an electroacoustic transducer; which converts an electrical audio signal into a corresponding sound.
Louis Andriessen (born 6 June 1939) is a Dutch composer and pianist based in Amsterdam.
Luigi Carlo Filippo Russolo (30 April 1885 – 6 February 1947) was an Italian Futurist painter, composer, builder of experimental musical instruments, and the author of the manifesto The Art of Noises (1913).
Machines employ power to achieve desired forces and movement (motion).
The Macintosh (pronounced as; branded as Mac since 1998) is a family of personal computers designed, manufactured, and sold by Apple Inc. since January 1984.
Magnetic tape is a medium for magnetic recording, made of a thin, magnetizable coating on a long, narrow strip of plastic film.
The Manchester Baby, also known as the Small-Scale Experimental Machine (SSEM), was the world's first stored-program computer.
The Manchester computers were an innovative series of stored-program electronic computers developed during the 30-year period between 1947 and 1977 by a small team at the University of Manchester, under the leadership of Tom Kilburn.
Mario Davidovsky (born March 4, 1934) is an Argentine-American composer.
Marvin Gaye (born Marvin Pentz Gay Jr.; April 2, 1939 – April 1, 1984) was an American singer, songwriter and record producer.
Mauricio Raúl Kagel (December 24, 1931 – September 18, 2008) was a German-Argentine composer notable for developing the theatrical side of musical performance.
Max is a visual programming language for music and multimedia developed and maintained by San Francisco-based software company Cycling '74.
Max Vernon Mathews (born November 13, 1926 in Columbus, Nebraska, USA – April 21, 2011 in San Francisco, CA, USA) was a pioneer of computer music.
Medium is an online publishing platform developed by Evan Williams, and launched in August 2012.
The Mellotron is an electro-mechanical, polyphonic tape replay keyboard originally developed and built in Birmingham, England, in 1963.
A metronome, from ancient Greek μέτρον (métron, "measure") and νέμω (némo, "I manage", "I lead"), is a device that produces an audible click or other sound at a regular interval that can be set by the user, typically in beats per minute (BPM).
A microprocessor is a computer processor that incorporates the functions of a central processing unit on a single integrated circuit (IC), or at most a few integrated circuits.
Microtonal music or microtonality is the use in music of microtones—intervals smaller than a semitone, also called "microintervals".
MIDI (short for Musical Instrument Digital Interface) is a technical standard that describes a communications protocol, digital interface, and electrical connectors that connect a wide variety of electronic musical instruments, computers, and related music and audio devices.
Mikrophonie is the title given by Karlheinz Stockhausen to two of his compositions, written in 1964 and 1965, in which “normally inaudible vibrations.
Miller Smith Puckette (born 1959) is the associate director of the Center for Research in Computing and the Arts as well as a professor of music at the University of California, San Diego, where he has been since 1994.
Mills College is a liberal arts and sciences college located in the San Francisco Bay Area.
Milton Byron Babbitt (May 10, 1916 – January 29, 2011) was an American composer, music theorist, and teacher.
Minimal music is a form of art music that employs limited or minimal musical materials.
The Minimoog is a monophonic analog synthesizer, invented by Bill Hemsath and Robert Moog.
Misha Mengelberg (5 June 1935 – 3 March 2017) was a Dutch jazz pianist and composer.
In sound recording and reproduction, and sound reinforcement systems, a mixing console is an electronic device for combining sounds of many different audio signals.
Mixmag is a British electronic dance and clubbing magazine, published in London, England.
Mixtur, for orchestra, 4 sine-wave generators, and 4 ring modulators, is an orchestral composition by the German composer Karlheinz Stockhausen, written in 1964, and is Nr. 16 in his catalogue of works.
In music, modernism is a philosophical and aesthetic stance underlying the period of change and development in musical language that occurred around the turn of the 20th century, a period of diverse reactions in challenging and reinterpreting older categories of music, innovations that led to new ways of organizing and approaching harmonic, melodic, sonic, and rhythmic aspects of music, and changes in aesthetic worldviews in close relation to the larger identifiable period of modernism in the arts of the time.
Module files (MOD music, tracker music) are a family of music file formats originating from the MOD file format on Amiga systems used in the late 1980s.
Monitor was an American weekend radio program broadcast from June 12, 1955 until January 26, 1975.
A monochord, also known as sonometer (see below), is an ancient musical and scientific laboratory instrument, involving one (mono) string (Chord).
A Moog modular synthesizer is a monophonic analog modular synthesizer developed by the American electronic instrument pioneer Dr.
Moog Music is an American company based in Asheville, North Carolina which manufactures electronic musical instruments.
Moog synthesizer (pronounced; often anglicized to, though Robert Moog preferred the former) may refer to any number of analog synthesizers designed by Robert Moog or manufactured by Moog Music, and is commonly used as a generic term for older-generation analog music synthesizers.
Morton Feldman (January 12, 1926 – September 3, 1987) was an American composer.
Morton Subotnick (born April 14, 1933, in Los Angeles, California) is an American composer of electronic music, best known for his Silver Apples of the Moon, the first electronic work commissioned by a record company, Nonesuch.
A movement is a self-contained part of a musical composition or musical form.
The music industry consists of the companies and individuals that earn money by creating new songs and pieces and selling live concerts and shows, audio and video recordings, compositions and sheet music, and the organizations and associations that aid and represent music creators.
Music Mouse is an algorithmic musical composition software developed by Laurie Spiegel.
Asian music encompasses numerous different musical styles originating from a large number of Asian countries.
The music of Jamaica includes Jamaican folk music and many popular genres, such as mento, ska, rocksteady, reggae, dub music, dancehall, reggae fusion and related styles.
A music sequencer (or simply sequencer) is a device or application software that can record, edit, or play back music, by handling note and performance information in several forms, typically CV/Gate, MIDI, or Open Sound Control (OSC), and possibly audio and automation data for DAWs and plug-ins.
Music software is software used for musical composition, digital recording, the creation of electronic music, and other musical applications.
Music technology is the use of any device, mechanism, machine or tool by a musician or composer to make or perform music; to compose, notate, play back or record songs or pieces; or to analyze or edit music.
Electronic and digital music technology is the use of electronic or digital instruments, computers, electronic effects units, software or digital audio equipment by a musician, composer, sound engineer, DJ or record producer to make, perform or record music.
MUSIC-N refers to a family of computer music programs and programming languages descended from or influenced by MUSIC, a program written by Max Mathews in 1957 at Bell Labs.
Musical improvisation (also known as musical extemporization) is the creative activity of immediate ("in the moment") musical composition, which combines performance with communication of emotions and instrumental technique as well as spontaneous response to other musicians.
Musique concrète (meaning "concrete music")" problem for any translator of an academic work in French is that the language is relatively abstract and theoretical compared to English; one might even say that the mode of thinking itself tends to be more schematic, with a readiness to see material for study in terms of highly abstract dualisms and correlations, which on occasion does not sit easily with the perhaps more pragmatic English language.
The NAMM Show is an annual event in the US that its organizers describe as "the world’s largest trade-only event for the music products industry".
The National Endowment for the Arts (NEA) is an independent agency of the United States federal government that offers support and funding for projects exhibiting artistic excellence.
The National Broadcasting Company (NBC) is an American English language commercial broadcast television network that is a flagship property of NBCUniversal, a subsidiary of Comcast.
Neil Burton Rolnick (born October 22, 1947) is an American composer and educator living in New York City.
Neo soul is a genre of popular music.
The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.
New Interfaces for Musical Expression, also known as NIME, is an international conference dedicated to scientific research on the development of new technologies and their role in musical expression and artistic performance.
The New Romantic movement was a pop culture movement that originated in the United Kingdom in the early 1980s.
New Sounds: A Listener's Guide to New Music is a book written by radio show host John Schaefer.
New wave is a genre of rock music popular in the late 1970s and the 1980s with ties to mid-1970s punk rock.
The New York School was an informal group of American poets, painters, dancers, and musicians active in the 1950s and 1960s in New York City.
New-age music is a genre of music intended to create artistic inspiration, relaxation, and optimism.
is Japan's national public broadcasting organization.
, often pronounced Korombia,, is a Japanese record label founded in 1910 as.
Noise music is a category of music that is characterised by the expressive use of noise within a musical context.
Nordwestdeutscher Rundfunk (Northwest German Broadcasting - NWDR) was the organization responsible for public broadcasting in the German Länder of Hamburg, Lower Saxony, Schleswig-Holstein and North Rhine-Westphalia from 22 September 1945 to 31 December 1955.
Norman McLaren, (11 April 1914 – 27 January 1987) was a Scottish Canadian animator, director and producer known for his work for the National Film Board of Canada (NFB).
Nu jazz, also known as jazztronica, is a genre of jazz and contemporary electronic music.
Oberheim Electronics, is a manufacturer of audio synthesizers and a variety of other electronic musical instruments.
Olivier Eugène Prosper Charles Messiaen (December 10, 1908 – April 27, 1992) was a French composer, organist, and ornithologist, one of the major composers of the 20th century.
The ondes Martenot ("Martenot waves"), also known as the ondium Martenot, Martenot and ondes musicales, is an early electronic musical instrument invented in 1928 by Maurice Martenot.
The Ondioline is an electronic keyboard instrument, invented in 1941 by the Frenchman Georges Jenny, and is a forerunner of today's synthesizers.
Opcode Systems, Inc. was founded in 1985 by Dave Oppenheim and based in and around Palo Alto, California, USA.
The open-source model is a decentralized software-development model that encourages open collaboration.
An orchestra is a large instrumental ensemble typical of classical music, which mixes instruments from different families, including bowed string instruments such as violin, viola, cello and double bass, as well as brass, woodwinds, and percussion instruments, each grouped in sections.
Orchestral Manoeuvres in the Dark (OMD) are an English electronic music band formed in Wirral, Merseyside in 1978.
Organised Sound is an international peer-reviewed academic journal which focuses on the rapidly developing methods and issues arising from the use of technology in music today.
() is a designated city in the Kansai region of Japan.
Osamu Kitajima (喜多嶋修), also known by the pseudonym Justin Heathcliff, is a Japanese musician, producer, composer, and multi‑instrumentalist.
Oscillation is the repetitive variation, typically in time, of some measure about a central value (often a point of equilibrium) or between two or more different states.
Ott (born 12 April 1968 in London, England) is a British record producer and musician who has worked with Sinéad O'Connor, Embrace, The Orb, and Brian Eno, and has achieved recognition since 2002 for his own psychedelic dub tracks and his collaborations with Simon Posford (Hallucinogen / Shpongle).
Otto Clarence Luening (June 15, 1900 – September 2, 1996) was a German-American composer and conductor, and an early pioneer of tape music and electronic music.
In signal processing, oversampling is the process of sampling a signal with a sampling frequency significantly higher than the Nyquist rate.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
, formerly known as, is a Japanese multinational electronics corporation headquartered in Kadoma, Osaka, Japan.
Patrick Gleeson (born November 9, 1934) is a musician, synthesizer pioneer, composer and producer, from California, USA.
Paul Hindemith (16 November 1895 – 28 December 1963) was a prolific German composer, violist, violinist, teacher and conductor.
Pauline Oliveros (May 30, 1932 – November 24, 2016) was an American composer, accordionist and a central figure in the development of experimental and post-war electronic art music.
A percussion instrument is a musical instrument that is sounded by being struck or scraped by a beater (including attached or enclosed beaters or rattles); struck, scraped or rubbed by hand; or struck against another similar instrument.
George Percy Aldridge Grainger (8 July 188220 February 1961) was an Australian-born composer, arranger and pianist.
Performance is completion of a task with application of knowledge, skills and abilities.
Perspectives of New Music is a peer-reviewed academic journal specializing in music theory and analysis.
Peter Ane Schat (5 June 1935, in Utrecht – 3 February 2003, in Amsterdam) was a Dutch composer.
The phonograph is a device for the mechanical recording and reproduction of sound.
Phuture is an American, Chicago-based acid-house group of electronic musicians, founded in 1985 by Spanky, DJ Pierre and Herb J. Their seminal 12-minute track "Acid Tracks" (1987) is considered to be the first acid house record and they are widely credited with inventing the sound.
A pickup is a transducer that captures or senses mechanical vibrations produced by musical instruments, particularly stringed instruments such as the electric guitar, and converts these to an electrical signal that is amplified using an instrument amplifier to produce musical sounds through a loudspeaker in a speaker enclosure.
Pierre Louis Joseph Boulez CBE (26 March 1925 – 5 January 2016) was a French composer, conductor, writer and founder of institutions.
Pierre Henry in January 2008 Pierre Georges Henry (9 December 1927 – 5 July 2017) was a French composer, considered a pioneer in the musique concrète genre of electronic music.
Pierre Henri Marie Schaeffer (English pronunciation:,; 14 August 1910 – 19 August 1995) was a French composer, writer, broadcaster, engineer, musicologist and acoustician.
Pietro Grossi (15 April 1917 in Venice – 2002 in Florence) was an Italian composer pioneer of computer music, visual artist and hacker ahead of his time.
Pink Floyd were an English rock band formed in London in 1965.
Pitch shifting is a sound recording technique in which the original pitch of a sound is raised or lowered.
"Planet Rock" (also known as 'Don't Stop... Planet Rock') is a 1982 song by Afrika Bambaataa & the Soulsonic Force.
Poème électronique (English Translation: "Electronic Poem") is an 8-minute piece of electronic music by composer Edgard Varèse, written for the Philips Pavilion at the 1958 Brussels World’s Fair.
Polyphony is a property of musical instruments that means that they can play multiple independent melody lines simultaneously.
Pop music is a genre of popular music that originated in its modern form in the United States and United Kingdom during the mid-1950s.
"Popcorn" is an early synth-pop instrumental, composed by Gershon Kingsley in 1969 and first appearing on his album Music to Moog By.
Popular music is music with wide appeal that is typically distributed to large audiences through the music industry.
Post-disco is a term to describe an aftermath in popular music history circa late 1979–1986, imprecisely beginning with an unprecedented backlash against disco music in the United States, leading to civil unrest and a riot in Chicago known as the Disco Demolition Night on July 12, 1979, and indistinctly ending with the mainstream appearance of house music in the late 1980s.
Post-punk (originally called new musick) is a broad type of rock music that emerged from the punk movement of the 1970s, in which artists departed from the simplicity and traditionalism of punk rock to adopt a variety of avant-garde sensibilities.
A potentiometer is a three-terminal resistor with a sliding or rotating contact that forms an adjustable voltage divider.
Prentice Hall is a major educational publisher owned by Pearson plc.
Progressive rock (shortened as prog; sometimes called art rock, classical rock or symphonic rock) is a broad genre of rock music that developed in the United Kingdom and United States throughout the mid to late 1960s.
Psychedelic music (sometimes psychedelia) covers a wide range of popular music styles and genres influenced by 1960s psychedelia, a subculture of people who used psychedelic drugs such as LSD, psilocybin mushrooms, mescaline and DMT to experience visual and auditory hallucinations, synesthesia and altered states of consciousness.
A public address system (PA system) is an electronic system comprising microphones, amplifiers, loudspeakers, and related equipment.
Punk rock (or "punk") is a rock music genre that developed in the mid-1970s in the United States, United Kingdom, and Australia.
Pure Data (Pd) is a visual programming language developed by Miller Puckette in the 1990s for creating interactive computer music and multimedia works.
Radio is the technology of using radio waves to carry information, such as sound, by systematically modulating properties of electromagnetic energy waves transmitted through space, such as their amplitude, frequency, phase, or pulse width.
There are two types of radio networks currently in use around the world: the one-to-many broadcast network commonly used for public information and mass media entertainment; and the two-way radio type used more commonly for public safety and public services such as police, fire, taxicabs, and delivery services.
Radiodiffusion-Télévision Française (RTF – French Radio and Television Broadcasting) was the French national public broadcasting organization established on 9 February 1949 to replace the post-war "''Radiodiffusion Française''" (RDF), which had been founded on 23 March 1945 to replace ''Radiodiffusion Nationale'' (RN), created on 29 July 1939.
Ramón Sender Barayón (born October 29, 1934) is a composer, visual artist and writer.
A rave (from the verb: to rave) is an organized dance party at a nightclub, outdoor festival, warehouse, or other private property typically featuring performances by DJs, playing a seamless flow of electronic dance music.
Raymond Scott (born Harry Warnow, September 10, 1908 – February 8, 1994) was an American composer, band leader, pianist, engineer, recording studio maverick, and electronic instrument inventor.
Répons is a composition by French composer Pierre Boulez for a large chamber orchestra with six percussion soloists and live electronics.
The RCA Mark II Sound Synthesizer (nicknamed Victor) was the first programmable electronic synthesizer and the flagship piece of equipment at the Columbia-Princeton Electronic Music Center.
Reaktor is a graphical modular software music studio developed by Native Instruments (NI).
Reason is a digital audio workstation for creating and editing music and audio developed by Swedish software developers Propellerhead Software.
Qubais Reed Ghazala (born 1953), an American author, photographer, composer, musician and experimental instrument builder, is recognized as the "father of circuit bending," having discovered the technique in 1966, pioneered it, named it, and taught it ever since.
Reel-to/open-reel audio tape recording is the form of magnetic tape audio recording in which the recording medium is held on a reel, rather than being securely contained within a cassette.
Reggae is a music genre that originated in Jamaica in the late 1960s.
Reinbert de Leeuw (born Amsterdam, 8 September 1938) is a Dutch conductor, pianist and composer.
A remix is a piece of media which has been altered from its original state by adding, removing, and/or changing pieces of the item.
Reverb.com is an online marketplace to buy and sell new, used, and vintage music gear.
Richard Charles Boulanger (born 10 November 1956) is a composer, author, and electronic musician.
In electronics, ring modulation is a signal-processing function, an implementation of frequency mixing, performed by multiplying two signals, where one is typically a sine wave or another simple waveform and the other is the signal to be modulated.
Robert Arthur Moog ("mogue"; May 23, 1934 – August 21, 2005), founder of Moog Music, was an American engineer and pioneer of electronic music, best known as the inventor of the Moog synthesizer.
Milton Ernest "Robert" Rauschenberg (October 22, 1925 – May 12, 2008) was an American painter and graphic artist whose early works anticipated the pop art movement.
Rock music is a broad genre of popular music that originated as "rock and roll" in the United States in the early 1950s, and developed into a range of different styles in the 1960s and later, particularly in the United Kingdom and in the United States.
is a Japanese manufacturer of electronic musical instruments, electronic equipment and software.
The Roland MC-8 MicroComposer by the Roland Corporation was introduced in early 1977 at a list price of US$4,795 (¥1,200,000 JPY).
The Roland Rhythm 77 (TR-77) drum machine was Roland's first product and was released in 1972.
The Roland TB-303 Bass Line is a bass synthesizer released by the Roland Corporation in 1981.
The Roland TR-808 Rhythm Composer is a drum machine introduced by the Roland Corporation in 1980 and discontinued in 1983.
Rolf Gehlhaar (born 30 December 1943) in Breslau (now Wrocław, Poland), is an American composer, Professor in Experimental Music at Coventry University and researcher in assistive technology for music.
Ronald Erle Grainer (11 August 1922 – 21 February 1981) was a British composer.
Routledge is a British multinational publisher.
Rowman & Littlefield Publishing Group is an independent publishing house founded in 1949.
Roxy Music were an English rock band formed in 1970 by Bryan Ferry, who became the band's lead vocalist and chief songwriter, and bassist Graham Simpson.
In music, sampling is the act of taking a portion, or sample, of one sound recording and reusing it as an instrument or a sound recording in a different song or piece.
In signal processing, sampling is the reduction of a continuous-time signal to a discrete-time signal.
The San Francisco Museum of Modern Art (SFMOMA) is a modern art museum located in San Francisco, California.
The San Francisco Tape Music Center was founded in 1962 by composers Pauline Oliveros, Morton Subotnick and Ramon Sender as a "nonprofit cultural and educational corporation, the aim of which was to present concerts and offer a place to learn about work within the tape music medium".
Hopeton Overton Brown (born 18 April 1960) is a recording engineer and producer best known for the dub music he mixed as "Scientist" in the 1980s.
Seeburg was an American design and manufacturing company of automated musical equipment, such as orchestrions, jukeboxes, and vending equipment.
Sequential Circuits Inc. (SCI) was a San Francisco Bay Area-based synthesizer company that was founded in the early 1970s by Dave Smith, and sold to Yamaha Corporation in 1987.
In music, serialism is a method of composition using series of pitches, rhythms, dynamics, timbres or other musical elements.
"Sexual Healing" is a song recorded by American singer Marvin Gaye from his album Midnight Love (1982).
Shellac is a resin secreted by the female lac bug, on trees in the forests of India and Thailand.
was a Japanese composer.
A sine wave or sinusoid is a mathematical curve that describes a smooth periodic oscillation.
Sirius: eight-channel electronic music and trumpet, soprano, bass clarinet, and bass is a music-theatre composition by Karlheinz Stockhausen, composed between 1975 and 1977.
A slide show is a presentation of a series of still images on a projection screen or electronic display device, typically in a prearranged sequence.
The Sogitec 4X was a digital sound processing workstation developed by Giuseppe di Giugno at IRCAM (Paris) in the 1980s.
Solid State Survivor is the second album by Japanese electronic music band Yellow Magic Orchestra, released in 1979.
is a Japanese multinational conglomerate corporation headquartered in Kōnan, Minato, Tokyo.
Sound art is an artistic discipline in which sound is utilised as a primary medium.
In music, montage (literally "putting together") or sound collage ("gluing together") is a technique where newly branded sound objects or compositions, including songs, are created from collage, also known as montage.
Sound installation (related to sound art and sound sculpture) is an intermedia and time based art form.
In electronic music theory and composition a sound object (coined by Pierre Schaeffer 1959, 1977, p. 95) corresponds with a primary unit of music such that could be played on an instrument or sung by a vocalist.
Sound on Sound is an independently owned monthly music technology magazine published by SOS Publications Group, based in Cambridge, United Kingdom.
Sound recording and reproduction is an electrical, mechanical, electronic, or digital inscription and re-creation of sound waves, such as spoken voice, singing, instrumental music, or sound effects.
Sound sculpture (related to sound art and sound installation) is an intermedia and time based art form in which sculpture or any kind of art object produces sound, or the reverse (in the sense that sound is manipulated in such a way as to create a sculptural as opposed to temporal form or mass).
In Jamaican popular culture, a sound system is a group of disc jockeys, engineers and MCs playing ska, rocksteady or reggae music.
Sound-on-film is a class of sound film processes where the sound accompanying picture is physically recorded onto photographic film, usually, but not always, the same strip of film carrying the picture.
SoundCloud is an online audio distribution platform based in Berlin, Germany that enables its users to upload, promote, and share their originally-created audio.
A soundtrack, also written sound track, can be recorded music accompanying and synchronized to the images of a motion picture, book, television program or video game; a commercially released soundtrack album of music as featured in the soundtrack of a film, video or television presentation; or the physical area of a film that contains the synchronized recorded sound.
Spandau Ballet are an English band formed in Islington, London in 1979.
The Speak & Spell line was a series of electronic hand-held.
Spectral music (or spectralism) is a compositional technique developed in the 1970s, using computer analysis of the quality of timbre in acoustic music or artificial timbres derived from synthesis.
, previously known as, is a Japanese language daily sports newspaper.
Stanford University (officially Leland Stanford Junior University, colloquially the Farm) is a private research university in Stanford, California.
STEIM (STudio for Electro Instrumental Music) is a center for research and development of new musical instruments in the electronic performing arts, located in Amsterdam, Netherlands.
Stereophonic sound or, more commonly, stereo, is a method of sound reproduction that creates an illusion of multi-directional audible perspective.
The word stochastic is an adjective in English that describes something that was randomly determined.
Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde is a gothic novella by the Scottish author Robert Louis Stevenson first published in 1886.
Streaming media is multimedia that is constantly received by and presented to an end-user while being delivered by a provider.
String instruments, stringed instruments, or chordophones are musical instruments that produce sound from vibrating strings when the performer plays or sounds the strings in some manner.
A string quartet is a musical ensemble of four string players – two violin players, a viola player and a cellist – or a piece written to be performed by such a group.
Studie II is an electronic music composition by Karlheinz Stockhausen from the year 1954 and, together with his Studie I, comprises his work number ("opus") 3.
The Studio d'Essai, later Club d'Essai, was founded in 1942 by Pierre Schaeffer, played a role in the activities of the French resistance during World War II, and later became a center of musical activity.
The was established 1955 in Milan following a joint initiative by Luciano Berio and Bruno Maderna.
The Studio for Electronic Music of the West German Radio (German: Studio für elektronische Musik des Westdeutschen Rundfunks) was a facility of the Westdeutscher Rundfunk (WDR) in Cologne.
SuperCollider is an environment and programming language originally released in 1996 by James McCartney for real-time audio synthesis and algorithmic composition.
Switched-On Bach is the first studio album by the American musician and composer Wendy Carlos, released under her birth name Walter Carlos in October 1968 by Columbia Records.
Synth-pop (short for synthesizer pop; also called techno-pop) is a subgenre of new wave music that first became prominent in the late 1970s and features the synthesizer as the dominant musical instrument.
A synthesizer (often abbreviated as synth, also spelled synthesiser) is an electronic musical instrument that generates electric signals that are converted to sound through instrument amplifiers and loudspeakers or headphones.
Talk Talk were an English rock band formed in 1981, led by Mark Hollis (vocals, guitar, piano), Lee Harris (drums), and Paul Webb (bass).
Tangerine Dream is a German electronic music band founded in 1967 by Edgar Froese.
Tape bias is the term for two techniques, AC bias and DC bias, that improve the fidelity of analogue tape recorders.
An audio tape recorder, tape deck, or tape machine is an audio storage device that records and plays back sounds, including articulated voices, usually using magnetic tape, either wound on a reel or in a cassette, for storage.
was a Japanese composer and writer on aesthetics and music theory.
is a Japanese brand name of the Panasonic Corporation for audio equipment.
Technics SL-1200 is a series of direct-drive turntables originally manufactured from October 1972 until 2010, and resumed in 2016, by Matsushita under the brand name of Technics.
Techno is a form of electronic dance music that emerged in Detroit, Michigan, in the United States during the mid-to-late 1980s.
A telephone network is a telecommunications network used for telephone calls between two or more parties.
The Telharmonium (also known as the Dynamophone) was an early electrical organ, developed by Thaddeus Cahill circa 1896 and patented in 1897.
Terrence Mitchell "Terry" Riley (born June 24, 1935) is an American composer and performing musician associated with the minimalist school of Western classical music, of which he was a pioneer.
The Art of Noises (L'arte dei Rumori) is a Futurist manifesto written by Luigi Russolo in a 1913 letter to friend and Futurist composer Francesco Balilla Pratella.
The Beach Boys are an American rock band formed in Hawthorne, California, in 1961.
The Beatles were an English rock band formed in Liverpool in 1960.
The Day the Earth Stood Still (a.k.a. Farewell to the Master and Journey to the World) is a 1951 American black-and-white science fiction film released by 20th Century Fox and produced by Julian Blaustein.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
The Human League are an English synth-pop band formed in Sheffield in 1977.
The Orb are an English electronic music group known for being the pioneers of ambient house.
The West Coast Pop Art Experimental Band (WCPAEB) was an American psychedelic rock band formed in Los Angeles, California in 1965.
The Wire (sometimes stylised as WIRE) is a British avant garde music magazine, founded in May 1982 by jazz promoter Anthony Wood and journalist Chrissie Murray.
Theatre or theater is a collaborative form of fine art that uses live performers, typically actors or actresses, to present the experience of a real or imagined event before a live audience in a specific place, often a stage.
The theremin (--> originally known as the ætherphone/etherphone, thereminophone or termenvox/thereminvox) is an electronic musical instrument controlled without physical contact by the thereminist (performer).
In music, timbre (also known as tone color or tone quality from psychoacoustics) is the perceived sound quality of a musical note, sound or tone.
The following timeline tables list the discoveries and inventions in the history of electrical and electronic engineering.
A timeline of electronic music genres, with a date of origin, the locale of origin, and music samples.
Tod Machover (born November 24, 1953 in Mount Vernon, New York), is a composer and an innovator in the application of technology in music.
, officially, is one of the 47 prefectures of Japan and has been the capital since 1869.
Thomas (Tom) Dissevelt (4 March 1921, Leiden – 1989) was a Dutch composer and musician.
"Tomorrow Never Knows" is a song by the English rock band the Beatles, released as the final track on their August 1966 album Revolver but recorded at the beginning of sessions for the album.
Tomorrowland is an electronic dance music festival held in Boom, Belgium.
is a Japanese composer of avant-garde music.
Toshiro Mayuzumi (黛 敏郎 Mayuzumi Toshirō; 20 February 1929, in Yokohama – 10 April 1997, in Kawasaki) was a Japanese composer known for his implementation of avant-garde instrumentation alongside traditional Japanese musical techniques.
A toy is an item that is used in play, especially one designed for such use.
Trance is a genre of electronic<!-- The source says electronic music, not electronic dance music ---> music that emerged from the rave scene in the United Kingdom in the late 1980s and developed further during the early 1990s in Germany before spreading throughout the rest of Europe, as a more melodic offshoot from techno and house.
Transglobal Underground (sometimes written as Trans-Global Underground) is an English electro-world music group, specializing in a fusion of western, Asian and African music styles (sometimes labelled world fusion and ethno techno).
The Trautonium is a monophonic electronic musical instrument invented about 1929 by Friedrich Trautwein in Berlin at the Musikhochschule's music and radio lab, the Rundfunkversuchstelle.
Trevor Pearcey (5 March 1919 – 27 January 1998) was a British-born Australian scientist, who created CSIRAC, one of the first ever stored-program electronic computers in the world.
Trip hop (sometimes used synonymously with "downtempo") is a musical genre that originated in the early 1990s in the United Kingdom, especially Bristol.
Tristan Tzara (born Samuel or Samy Rosenstock, also known as S. Samyro; – 25 December 1963) was a Romanian and French avant-garde poet, essayist and performance artist.
Turntablism is the art of manipulating sounds and creating new music, sound effects, mixes and other creative sounds and beats, typically by using two or more turntables and a cross fader-equipped DJ mixer.
Twelve-tone technique—also known as dodecaphony, twelve-tone serialism, and (in British usage) twelve-note composition—is a method of musical composition devised by Austrian composer Arnold Schoenberg (1874–1951) and associated with the "Second Viennese School" composers, who were the primary users of the technique in the first decades of its existence.
Ultra Music Festival is an annual outdoor electronic music festival that takes place during March in the city of Miami, Florida.
Ultravox (earlier stylized as Ultravox!) were a British new wave band, formed in London in 1973 as Tiger Lily.
The University of Canterbury (Te Whare Wānanga o Waitaha; postnominal abbreviation Cantuar. or Cant. for Cantuariensis, the Latin name for Canterbury) is New Zealand's second oldest university.
The University of Manchester is a public research university in Manchester, England, formed in 2004 by the merger of the University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology and the Victoria University of Manchester.
The University of Washington (commonly referred to as UW, simply Washington, or informally U-Dub) is a public research university in Seattle, Washington.
UPIC (Unité Polyagogique Informatique CEMAMu) is a computerised musical composition tool, devised by the composer Iannis Xenakis.
Utrecht University (UU; Universiteit Utrecht, formerly Rijksuniversiteit Utrecht) is a university in Utrecht, the Netherlands.
In electronics, a vacuum tube, an electron tube, or just a tube (North America), or valve (Britain and some other regions) is a device that controls electric current between electrodes in an evacuated container.
Evángelos Odysséas Papathanassíou (born 29 March 1943), best known professionally as Vangelis (Βαγγέλης), is a Greek composer of electronic, progressive, ambient, jazz, and orchestral music.
The former Victoria University of Manchester, now the University of Manchester, was founded in 1851 as Owens College.
A virtuoso (from Italian virtuoso or, "virtuous", Late Latin virtuosus, Latin virtus, "virtue", "excellence", "skill", or "manliness") is an individual who possesses outstanding technical ability in a particular art or field such as fine arts, music, singing, playing a musical instrument, or composition.
Vladimir Alexeevich Ussachevsky (November 3, 1911 in Hailar, China – January 2, 1990 in New York, New York) was a composer, particularly known for his work in electronic music.
A vocoder (a portmanteau of voice encoder) is a category of voice codec that analyzes and synthesizes the human voice signal for audio data compression, multiplexing, voice encryption, voice transformation, etc.
Voltage, electric potential difference, electric pressure or electric tension (formally denoted or, but more often simply as V or U, for instance in the context of Ohm's or Kirchhoff's circuit laws) is the difference in electric potential between two points.
Walter Ruttmann (28 December 1887 – 15 July 1941) was a German film director and along with Hans Richter, Viking Eggeling and Oskar Fischinger was an early German practitioner of experimental film.
Wendy Carlos (born Walter Carlos; November 14, 1939) is an American musician and composer best known for her electronic music and film scores.
Werner Meyer-Eppler (30 April 1913 – 8 July 1960), was a Belgian-born German physicist, experimental acoustician, phoneticist and information theorist.
Wesleyan University Press is a university press that is part of Wesleyan University in Middletown, Connecticut.
Westdeutscher Rundfunk Köln (WDR, West German Broadcasting Cologne) is a German public-broadcasting institution based in the Federal State of North Rhine-Westphalia with its main office in Cologne.
Williams Mix (1951–1953) is a 4'15" electronic composition by John Cage for eight simultaneously played independent quarter-inch magnetic tapes.
Wire recording or magnetic wire recording was the first early magnetic recording technology, an analog type of audio storage in which a magnetic recording is made on thin steel wire.
Wired is a monthly American magazine, published in print and online editions, that focuses on how emerging technologies affect culture, the economy, and politics.
Woob is the stage name of Paul Frankland, a British ambient musician who started recording in the early 1990s.
World music (also called global music or international music) is a musical category encompassing many different styles of music from around the globe, which includes many genres including some forms of Western music represented by folk music, as well as selected forms of ethnic music, indigenous music, neotraditional music, and music where more than one cultural tradition, such as ethnic music and Western popular music, intermingle.
The Rudolph Wurlitzer Company, usually referred to as simply Wurlitzer, is an American company started in Cincinnati in 1853 by German immigrant (Franz) Rudolph Wurlitzer.
() is a Japanese multinational corporation and conglomerate with a very wide range of products and services, predominantly musical instruments, electronics and power sports equipment.
The Yamaha DX7 is an FM synthesis-based digital synthesizer and electronic keyboard manufactured by the Yamaha Corporation from 1983 to 1989.
was a Japanese composer and conductor.
Yellow Magic Orchestra (YMO) is a Japanese electronic music band formed in Tokyo in 1978 by Haruomi Hosono (bass, keyboards, vocals), Yukihiro Takahashi (drums, lead vocals) and Ryuichi Sakamoto (keyboards, vocals).
Yellow Magic Orchestra is the first official studio album by Japanese electronic music band Yellow Magic Orchestra, who were previously known as the Yellow Magic Band.
Yes are an English progressive rock band formed in London in 1968 by singer Jon Anderson, bassist Chris Squire, guitarist Peter Banks, keyboardist Tony Kaye, and drummer Bill Bruford.
was a Japanese composer.
In the cultures of the Horn of Africa and adjacent regions of the Middle East, Zār (زار, ዛር) is the term for a demon or spirit assumed to possess individuals, mostly women, and to cause discomfort or illness.
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