192 relations: ;login:, Analog-to-digital converter, Analogue electronics, Anti-lock braking system, Apollo Guidance Computer, Application programming interface, Application-specific integrated circuit, Arcade cabinet, Arduino, ARM architecture, Assembly language, Automated teller machine, Automotive navigation system, Avionics, Background debug mode interface, Ball grid array, BASIC Stamp, Board support package, Bridging (networking), Brushless DC electric motor, Calculator, CAN bus, Car, Central processing unit, Charles Stark Draper, Chassis, Communications server, Compiler, Computer, Computer architecture, Consumer electronics, Control flow, Cooperative multitasking, CT scan, Cyber-physical system, Cyclic redundancy check, D-17B, DC motor, Debugger, Debugging, Device driver, Digital camera, Digital signal processing, Digital signal processor, Digital-to-analog converter, Direct memory access, Dishwasher, DOS, Dynamic random-access memory, Economies of scale, ..., Electric vehicle, Electronic control unit, Electronic stability control, Embedded HTTP server, Embedded Java, Embedded operating system, Embedded software, Emulator, EPIA, Ethernet, Exokernel, Field-programmable gate array, Fieldbus, File Allocation Table, File Transfer Protocol, Firewall (computing), Firmware, Flash memory, Forth (programming language), Four-wheel drive, General-purpose input/output, Gibson Robot Guitar, Global Positioning System, GNU, Harvard architecture, Headless computer, High-level programming language, Hitachi HD44780 LCD controller, Home automation, HTTPS, HVAC, Hybrid vehicle, Hypertext Transfer Protocol, Hypervisor, IAR Systems, I²C, Immunity-aware programming, In-circuit emulation, In-system programming, Induction motor, Inertial navigation system, Information appliance, Intel 4004, Interface (computing), Internet protocol suite, Interrupt, IP camera, JTAG, LGM-30 Minuteman, Light-emitting diode, Linux, Linux on embedded systems, Liquid-crystal display, List of common microcontrollers, Local Interconnect Network, Logic analyzer, LonWorks, Magnetic resonance imaging, Medical equipment, Medical imaging, Memory, Memory leak, Memory management unit, Menu (computing), Message queue, Micro-Controller Operating Systems, Microcontroller, Microkernel, Microprocessor, Microsoft Windows, Microwave oven, Middleware (distributed applications), Mobile device, Mobile phone, Motor controller, MP3 player, Multi-core processor, NetBSD, Nexus (standard), Non-blocking algorithm, OSGi, PC/104, Peripheral, Personal digital assistant, Phase-locked loop, Positron emission tomography, Potentiometer, Printer (computing), Profibus, Program counter, Programmable logic controller, Programmable logic device, Push-button, QNX, Raspberry Pi, Real-time computing, Real-time operating system, Reduced instruction set computer, Remedy Debugger, Router (computing), RS-232, RS-422, RS-485, RTXC Quadros, Season, Semaphore (programming), Sensor node, Serial Peripheral Interface, Silicon compiler, Single-photon emission computed tomography, Soft error, Software engineering, Source code, Stethoscope, Subroutine, System, System on a chip, System on module, Telephone exchange, Thermostat, Touchscreen, Tracing (software), Traction control system, Traffic light, Trusted computing base, Ubiquitous computing, UML state machine, UML tool, USB, Variable capacitor, Video game console, Vital signs, Von Neumann architecture, VxWorks, Washing machine, Watch, Watchdog timer, Web browser, Web server, Windows Embedded Compact, Wireless router, Wireless sensor network. Expand index (142 more) » « Shrink index
;login: is a long-running technical journal published by the USENIX Association, focusing on the UNIX operating system and system administration in general.
In electronics, an analog-to-digital converter (ADC, A/D, or A-to-D) is a system that converts an analog signal, such as a sound picked up by a microphone or light entering a digital camera, into a digital signal.
Analogue electronics (also spelled analog electronics) are electronic systems with a continuously variable signal, in contrast to digital electronics where signals usually take only two levels.
An anti-lock braking system (ABS) is a safety anti-skid braking system used on aircraft and on land vehicles, such as cars, motorcycles, trucks and buses.
The Apollo Guidance Computer (AGC) was a digital computer produced for the Apollo program that was installed on board each Apollo Command Module (CM) and Lunar Module (LM).
In computer programming, an application programming interface (API) is a set of subroutine definitions, protocols, and tools for building software.
An Application-Specific Integrated Circuit (ASIC), is an integrated circuit (IC) customized for a particular use, rather than intended for general-purpose use.
A video game arcade cabinet, also known as a video arcade machine or video coin-op, is the housing within which a video arcade game's hardware resides.
Arduino is an open source computer hardware and software company, project, and user community that designs and manufactures single-board microcontrollers and microcontroller kits for building digital devices and interactive objects that can sense and control objects in the physical and digital world.
ARM, previously Advanced RISC Machine, originally Acorn RISC Machine, is a family of reduced instruction set computing (RISC) architectures for computer processors, configured for various environments.
An assembly (or assembler) language, often abbreviated asm, is a low-level programming language, in which there is a very strong (but often not one-to-one) correspondence between the assembly program statements and the architecture's machine code instructions.
An automated teller machine (ATM) is an electronic telecommunications device that enables customers of financial institutions to perform financial transactions, such as cash withdrawals, deposits, transfer funds, or obtaining account information, at any time and without the need for direct interaction with bank staff.
An automotive navigation system is part of the automobile controls or a third party add-on used to find direction in an automobile.
Avionics are the electronic systems used on aircraft, artificial satellites, and spacecraft.
Background debug mode (BDM) interface is an electronic interface that allows debugging of embedded systems.
A ball grid array (BGA) is a type of surface-mount packaging (a chip carrier) used for integrated circuits.
The BASIC Stamp is a microcontroller with a small, specialized BASIC interpreter (PBASIC) built into ROM.
In embedded systems, a board support package (BSP) is the layer of software containing hardware-specific drivers and other routines that allow a particular operating system (traditionally a real-time operating system, or RTOS) to function in a particular hardware environment (a computer or CPU card), integrated with the RTOS itself.
A network bridge is a computer networking device that creates a single aggregate network from multiple communication networks or network segments.
Brushless DC electric motor (BLDC motors, BL motors) also known as electronically commutated motors (ECMs, EC motors), or synchronous DC motors, are synchronous motors powered by DC electricity via an inverter or switching power supply which produces an AC electric current to drive each phase of the motor via a closed loop controller.
An electronic calculator is typically a portable electronic device used to perform calculations, ranging from basic arithmetic to complex mathematics.
A Controller Area Network (CAN bus) is a robust vehicle bus standard designed to allow microcontrollers and devices to communicate with each other in applications without a host computer.
A car (or automobile) is a wheeled motor vehicle used for transportation.
A central processing unit (CPU) is the electronic circuitry within a computer that carries out the instructions of a computer program by performing the basic arithmetic, logical, control and input/output (I/O) operations specified by the instructions.
Charles Stark "Doc" Draper (October 2, 1901 – July 25, 1987) was an American scientist and engineer, known as the "father of inertial navigation".
A chassis (plural chassis) is the internal framework of an artificial object, which supports the object in its construction and use.
Communications servers are open, standards-based computing systems that operate as a carrier-grade common platform for a wide range of communications applications and allow equipment providers to add value at many levels of the system architecture.
A compiler is computer software that transforms computer code written in one programming language (the source language) into another programming language (the target language).
A computer is a device that can be instructed to carry out sequences of arithmetic or logical operations automatically via computer programming.
In computer engineering, computer architecture is a set of rules and methods that describe the functionality, organization, and implementation of computer systems.
Consumer electronics or home electronics are electronic (analog or digital) equipments intended for everyday use, typically in private homes.
In computer science, control flow (or flow of control) is the order in which individual statements, instructions or function calls of an imperative program are executed or evaluated.
Cooperative multitasking, also known as non-preemptive multitasking, is a style of computer multitasking in which the operating system never initiates a context switch from a running process to another process.
A CT scan, also known as computed tomography scan, makes use of computer-processed combinations of many X-ray measurements taken from different angles to produce cross-sectional (tomographic) images (virtual "slices") of specific areas of a scanned object, allowing the user to see inside the object without cutting.
A cyber-physical (also styled cyberphysical) system (CPS) is a mechanism that is controlled or monitored by computer-based algorithms, tightly integrated with the Internet and its users.
A cyclic redundancy check (CRC) is an error-detecting code commonly used in digital networks and storage devices to detect accidental changes to raw data.
The D-17B computer was used in the Minuteman I NS-1OQ missile guidance system.
A DC motor is any of a class of rotary electrical machines that converts direct current electrical energy into mechanical energy.
A debugger or debugging tool is a computer program that is used to test and debug other programs (the "target" program).
Debugging is the process of finding and resolving defects or problems within a computer program that prevent correct operation of computer software or a system.
In computing, a device driver is a computer program that operates or controls a particular type of device that is attached to a computer.
A digital camera or digicam is a camera that captures photographs in digital memory.
Digital signal processing (DSP) is the use of digital processing, such as by computers or more specialized digital signal processors, to perform a wide variety of signal processing operations.
A digital signal processor (DSP) is a specialized microprocessor (or a SIP block), with its architecture optimized for the operational needs of digital signal processing.
In electronics, a digital-to-analog converter (DAC, D/A, D2A, or D-to-A) is a system that converts a digital signal into an analog signal.
Direct memory access (DMA) is a feature of computer systems that allows certain hardware subsystems to access main system memory (Random-access memory), independent of the central processing unit (CPU).
A dishwasher is a mechanical device for cleaning dishware and cutlery.
DOS is a family of disk operating systems.
Dynamic random-access memory (DRAM) is a type of random access semiconductor memory that stores each bit of data in a separate tiny capacitor within an integrated circuit.
In microeconomics, economies of scale are the cost advantages that enterprises obtain due to their scale of operation (typically measured by amount of output produced), with cost per unit of output decreasing with increasing scale.
An electric vehicle, also called an EV, uses one or more electric motors or traction motors for propulsion.
An Electronic Control Unit (ECU) is any embedded system in automotive electronics that controls one or more of the electrical systems or subsystems in a vehicle.
Electronic stability control (ESC), also referred to as electronic stability program (ESP) or dynamic stability control (DSC), is a computerized technology that improves a vehicle's stability by detecting and reducing loss of traction (skidding).
An embedded HTTP server is a component of a software system that implements the HTTP protocol.
Embedded Java refers to versions of the Java program language that are designed for embedded systems.
An embedded operating system is an operating system for embedded computer systems.
Embedded software is computer software, written to control machines or devices that are not typically thought of as computers.
In computing, an emulator is hardware or software that enables one computer system (called the host) to behave like another computer system (called the guest).
VIA EPIA (VIA Embedded Platform Innovative Architecture) is a series of mini-ITX, em-ITX, nano-ITX, pico-ITX and pico-ITXe motherboards with integrated VIA processors.
Ethernet is a family of computer networking technologies commonly used in local area networks (LAN), metropolitan area networks (MAN) and wide area networks (WAN).
Exokernel is an operating system kernel developed by the MIT Parallel and Distributed Operating Systems group, and also a class of similar operating systems.
A field-programmable gate array (FPGA) is an integrated circuit designed to be configured by a customer or a designer after manufacturing hence "field-programmable".
Fieldbus is the name of a family of industrial computer network protocols used for real-time distributed control, standardized as IEC 61158.
File Allocation Table (FAT) is a computer file system architecture and a family of industry-standard file systems utilizing it.
The File Transfer Protocol (FTP) is a standard network protocol used for the transfer of computer files between a client and server on a computer network.
In computing, a firewall is a network security system that monitors and controls incoming and outgoing network traffic based on predetermined security rules.
In electronic systems and computing, firmware is a specific class of computer software that provides the low-level control for the device's specific hardware.
Flash memory is an electronic (solid-state) non-volatile computer storage medium that can be electrically erased and reprogrammed.
Forth is an imperative stack-based computer programming language and environment originally designed by Charles "Chuck" Moore.
Four-wheel drive, also called 4×4 ("four by four") or 4WD, refers to a two-axled vehicle drivetrain capable of providing torque to all of its wheels simultaneously.
A general-purpose input/output (GPIO) is an uncommitted digital signal pin on an integrated circuit or electronic circuit board whose behavior—including whether it acts an input or output—is controllable by the user at run time.
The Gibson Robot Guitar (a.k.a. GOR) is a limited-edition self-tuning Gibson guitar, typically a Les Paul.
The Global Positioning System (GPS), originally Navstar GPS, is a satellite-based radionavigation system owned by the United States government and operated by the United States Air Force.
GNU is an operating system and an extensive collection of computer software.
The Harvard architecture is a computer architecture with physically separate storage and signal pathways for instructions and data.
A headless system is a computer system or device that has been configured to operate without a monitor (the missing "head"), keyboard, and mouse.
In computer science, a high-level programming language is a programming language with strong abstraction from the details of the computer.
The Hitachi HD44780 LCD controller is an alphanumeric dot matrix liquid crystal display (LCD) controller developed by Hitachi.
Home automation or domotics is building automation for a home, called a smart home or smart house.
HTTP Secure (HTTPS) is an extension of the Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) for secure communication over a computer network, and is widely used on the Internet.
Heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) is the technology of indoor and vehicular environmental comfort.
A hybrid vehicle uses two or more distinct types of power, such as internal combustion engine to drive an electric generator that powers an electric motor, e.g. in diesel-electric trains using diesel engines to drive an electric generator that powers an electric motor, and submarines that use diesels when surfaced and batteries when submerged.
The Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) is an application protocol for distributed, collaborative, and hypermedia information systems.
A hypervisor or virtual machine monitor (VMM) is computer software, firmware or hardware that creates and runs virtual machines.
IAR Systems is a Swedish computer software company that offers development tools for embedded systems.
I²C (Inter-Integrated Circuit), pronounced I-squared-C, is a synchronous, multi-master, multi-slave, packet switched, single-ended, serial computer bus invented in 1982 by Philips Semiconductor (now NXP Semiconductors).
When writing firmware for an embedded system, immunity-aware programming refers to programming techniques which improve the tolerance of transient errors in the program counter or other modules of a program that would otherwise lead to failure.
In-circuit emulation (ICE) is the use of a hardware device or in-circuit emulator used to debug the software of an embedded system.
In-system programming (ISP), also called in-circuit serial programming (ICSP), is the ability of some programmable logic devices, microcontrollers, and other embedded devices to be programmed while installed in a complete system, rather than requiring the chip to be programmed prior to installing it into the system.
An induction motor or asynchronous motor is an AC electric motor in which the electric current in the rotor needed to produce torque is obtained by electromagnetic induction from the magnetic field of the stator winding.
An inertial navigation system (INS) is a navigation aid that uses a computer, motion sensors (accelerometers), rotation sensors (gyroscopes), and occasionally magnetic sensors (magnetometers) to continuously calculate by dead reckoning the position, the orientation, and the velocity (direction and speed of movement) of a moving object without the need for external references.
An information appliance (IA) is an appliance that is designed to easily perform a specific electronic function such as playing music, photography, or editing text.
The Intel 4004 is a 4-bit central processing unit (CPU) released by Intel Corporation in 1971.
In computing, an interface is a shared boundary across which two or more separate components of a computer system exchange information.
The Internet protocol suite is the conceptual model and set of communications protocols used on the Internet and similar computer networks.
In system programming, an interrupt is a signal to the processor emitted by hardware or software indicating an event that needs immediate attention.
An Internet Protocol camera, or IP camera, is a type of digital video camera commonly employed for surveillance, and which, unlike analog closed-circuit television (CCTV) cameras, can send and receive data via a computer network and the Internet.
JTAG (named after the Joint Test Action Group which codified it) is an industry standard for verifying designs and testing printed circuit boards after manufacture.
The LGM-30 Minuteman is a U.S. land-based intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM), in service with the Air Force Global Strike Command.
A light-emitting diode (LED) is a two-lead semiconductor light source.
Linux is a family of free and open-source software operating systems built around the Linux kernel.
Operating systems based on the Linux kernel are used in embedded systems such as consumer electronics (i.e. set-top boxes, smart TVs, personal video recorders (PVRs), in-vehicle infotainment (IVI), networking equipment (such as routers, switches, wireless access points (WAPs) or wireless routers), machine control, industrial automation, navigation equipment, spacecraft flight software, and medical instruments in general).
A liquid-crystal display (LCD) is a flat-panel display or other electronically modulated optical device that uses the light-modulating properties of liquid crystals.
This is a list of common microcontrollers listed by brand.
LIN (Local Interconnect Network) is a serial network protocol used for communication between components in vehicles.
A logic analyzer is an electronic instrument that captures and displays multiple signals from a digital system or digital circuit.
LonWorks (local operating network) is a networking platform specifically created to address the needs of control applications.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a medical imaging technique used in radiology to form pictures of the anatomy and the physiological processes of the body in both health and disease.
Medical equipment (also known as armamentarium) is designed to aid in the diagnosis, monitoring or treatment of medical conditions.
Medical imaging is the technique and process of creating visual representations of the interior of a body for clinical analysis and medical intervention, as well as visual representation of the function of some organs or tissues (physiology).
Memory is the faculty of the mind by which information is encoded, stored, and retrieved.
In computer science, a memory leak is a type of resource leak that occurs when a computer program incorrectly manages memory allocations in such a way that memory which is no longer needed is not released.
A memory management unit (MMU), sometimes called paged memory management unit (PMMU), is a computer hardware unit having all memory references passed through itself, primarily performing the translation of virtual memory addresses to physical addresses.
In computing and telecommunications, a menu is a list of options or commands presented to the user of a computer or communications system.
In computer science, message queues and mailboxes are software-engineering components used for inter-process communication (IPC), or for inter-thread communication within the same process.
Micro-Controller Operating Systems (MicroC/OS, stylized as µC/OS) is a real-time operating system (RTOS) designed by embedded software developer, Jean J. Labrosse in 1991.
A microcontroller (MCU for microcontroller unit, or UC for μ-controller) is a small computer on a single integrated circuit.
In computer science, a microkernel (also known as μ-kernel) is the near-minimum amount of software that can provide the mechanisms needed to implement an operating system (OS).
A microprocessor is a computer processor that incorporates the functions of a central processing unit on a single integrated circuit (IC), or at most a few integrated circuits.
Microsoft Windows is a group of several graphical operating system families, all of which are developed, marketed, and sold by Microsoft.
A microwave oven (also commonly referred to as a microwave) is an electric oven that heats and cooks food by exposing it to electromagnetic radiation in the microwave frequency range.
Middleware in the context of distributed applications is software that provides services beyond those provided by the operating system to enable the various components of a distributed system to communicate and manage data.
A mobile device (or handheld computer) is a computing device small enough to hold and operate in the hand.
A mobile phone, known as a cell phone in North America, is a portable telephone that can make and receive calls over a radio frequency link while the user is moving within a telephone service area.
A motor controller is a device or group of devices that serves to govern in some predetermined manner the performance of an electric motor.
An MP3 player or Digital Audio Player is an electronic device that can play digital audio files.
A multi-core processor is a single computing component with two or more independent processing units called cores, which read and execute program instructions.
NetBSD is a free and open source Unix-like operating system that descends from Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD), a Research Unix derivative developed at the University of California, Berkeley.
Nexus or IEEE-ISTO 5001-2003 is a standard debugging interface for embedded systems.
In computer science, an algorithm is called non-blocking if failure or suspension of any thread cannot cause failure or suspension of another thread; for some operations, these algorithms provide a useful alternative to traditional blocking implementations.
The OSGi Alliance, formerly known as the Open Services Gateway initiative, is an open standards organization founded in March 1999 that originally specified and continues to maintain the OSGi standard.
PC/104 (or PC104) is a family of embedded computer standards which define both form factors and computer buses.
A peripheral device is "an ancillary device used to put information into and get information out of the computer." Three categories of peripheral devices exist based on their relationship with the computer.
A personal digital assistant (PDA), also known as a handheld PC, is a variety mobile device which functions as a personal information manager.
A phase-locked loop or phase lock loop abbreviated as PLL is a control system that generates an output signal whose phase is related to the phase of an input signal.
Positron-emission tomography (PET) is a nuclear medicine functional imaging technique that is used to observe metabolic processes in the body as an aid to the diagnosis of disease.
A potentiometer is a three-terminal resistor with a sliding or rotating contact that forms an adjustable voltage divider.
In computing, a printer is a peripheral device which makes a persistent human-readable representation of graphics or text on paper.
PROFIBUS (Process Field Bus) is a standard for fieldbus communication in automation technology and was first promoted in 1989 by BMBF (German department of education and research) and then used by Siemens.
The program counter (PC), commonly called the instruction pointer (IP) in Intel x86 and Itanium microprocessors, and sometimes called the instruction address register (IAR), the instruction counter, or just part of the instruction sequencer, is a processor register that indicates where a computer is in its program sequence.
A programmable logic controller (PLC), or programmable controller is an industrial digital computer which has been ruggedized and adapted for the control of manufacturing processes, such as assembly lines, or robotic devices, or any activity that requires high reliability control and ease of programming and process fault diagnosis.
A programmable logic device (PLD) is an electronic component used to build reconfigurable digital circuits.
A push-button (also spelled pushbutton) or simply button is a simple switch mechanism for controlling some aspect of a machine or a process.
QNX is a commercial Unix-like real-time operating system, aimed primarily at the embedded systems market.
The Raspberry Pi is a series of small single-board computers developed in the United Kingdom by the Raspberry Pi Foundation to promote the teaching of basic computer science in schools and in developing countries.
In computer science, real-time computing (RTC), or reactive computing describes hardware and software systems subject to a "real-time constraint", for example from event to system response.
A real-time operating system (RTOS) is an operating system (OS) intended to serve real-time applications that process data as it comes in, typically without buffer delays.
A reduced instruction set computer, or RISC (pronounced 'risk'), is one whose instruction set architecture (ISA) allows it to have fewer cycles per instruction (CPI) than a complex instruction set computer (CISC).
The Remedy debugger was the first embedded system level debugger in the world.
A router is a networking device that forwards data packets between computer networks.
In telecommunications, RS-232, Recommended Standard 232 is a standard introduced in 1960 for serial communication transmission of data.
RS-422, also known as TIA/EIA-422, is a technical standard originated by the Electronic Industries Alliance that specifies electrical characteristics of a digital signaling circuit.
RS-485, also known as TIA-485(-A), EIA-485, is a standard defining the electrical characteristics of drivers and receivers for use in serial communications systems. Electrical signaling is balanced, and multipoint systems are supported. The standard is jointly published by the Telecommunications Industry Association and Electronic Industries Alliance (TIA/EIA). Digital communications networks implementing the standard can be used effectively over long distances and in electrically noisy environments. Multiple receivers may be connected to such a network in a linear, multidrop bus. These characteristics make RS-485 useful in industrial control systems and similar applications.
RTXC Quadros is a real time operating system (RTOS) written mainly in the C programming language.
A season is a division of the year marked by changes in weather, ecology, and amount of daylight.
In computer science, a semaphore is a variable or abstract data type used to control access to a common resource by multiple processes in a concurrent system such as a multitasking operating system.
A sensor node, also known as a mote (chiefly in North America), is a node in a sensor network that is capable of performing some processing, gathering sensory information and communicating with other connected nodes in the network.
The Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) is a synchronous serial communication interface specification used for short distance communication, primarily in embedded systems.
A silicon compiler is a software system that takes a user's specifications and automatically generates an integrated circuit (IC).
Single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT, or less commonly, SPET) is a nuclear medicine tomographic imaging technique using gamma rays.
In electronics and computing, a soft error is a type of error where a signal or datum is wrong.
Software engineering is the application of engineering to the development of software in a systematic method.
In computing, source code is any collection of code, possibly with comments, written using a human-readable programming language, usually as plain text.
The stethoscope is an acoustic medical device for auscultation, or listening to the internal sounds of an animal or human body.
In computer programming, a subroutine is a sequence of program instructions that performs a specific task, packaged as a unit.
A system is a regularly interacting or interdependent group of items forming an integrated whole.
A system on a chip or system on chip (SoC) is an integrated circuit (also known as an "IC" or "chip") that integrates all components of a computer or other electronic systems.
A system on a module (SOM) is a board-level circuit that integrates a system function in a single module.
A telephone exchange is a telecommunications system used in the public switched telephone network or in large enterprises.
A thermostat is a component which senses the temperature of a physical system and performs actions so that the system's temperature is maintained near a desired setpoint.
A touchscreen is an input and output device normally layered on the top of an electronic visual display of an information processing system.
In software engineering, tracing involves a specialized use of logging to record information about a program's execution.
A traction control system (TCS), also known as ASR (from lit), is typically (but not necessarily) a secondary function of the electronic stability control (ESC) on production motor vehicles, designed to prevent loss of traction of driven road wheels.
Traffic lights, also known as traffic signals, traffic lamps, traffic semaphore, signal lights, stop lights, robots (in South Africa and most of Africa), and traffic control signals (in technical parlance), are signalling devices positioned at road intersections, pedestrian crossings, and other locations to control flows of traffic.
The trusted computing base (TCB) of a computer system is the set of all hardware, firmware, and/or software components that are critical to its security, in the sense that bugs or vulnerabilities occurring inside the TCB might jeopardize the security properties of the entire system.
Ubiquitous computing (or "ubicomp") is a concept in software engineering and computer science where computing is made to appear anytime and everywhere.
UML state machine, also known as UML statechart, is a significantly enhanced realization of the mathematical concept of a finite automaton in computer science applications as expressed in the Unified Modeling Language (UML) notation.
A UML tool or UML modeling tool is a software application that supports some or all of the notation and semantics associated with the Unified Modeling Language (UML), which is the industry standard general purpose modeling language for software engineering.
USB (abbreviation of Universal Serial Bus), is an industry standard that was developed to define cables, connectors and protocols for connection, communication, and power supply between personal computers and their peripheral devices.
A variable capacitor is a capacitor whose capacitance may be intentionally and repeatedly changed mechanically or electronically.
A video game console is an electronic, digital or computer device that outputs a video signal or visual image to display a video game that one or more people can play.
Vital signs (often shortened to just vitals) are a group of the 4 to 6 most important signs that indicate the status of the body’s vital (life-sustaining) functions.
The von Neumann architecture, which is also known as the von Neumann model and Princeton architecture, is a computer architecture based on the 1945 description by the mathematician and physicist John von Neumann and others in the First Draft of a Report on the EDVAC.
VxWorks is a real-time operating system (RTOS) developed as proprietary software by Wind River Systems, an Intel subsidiary of Alameda, California, US.
A washing machine (laundry machine, clothes washer, or washer) is a device used to wash laundry.
A watch is a timepiece intended to be carried or worn by a person.
A watchdog timer (sometimes called a computer operating properly or COP timer, or simply a watchdog) is an electronic timer that is used to detect and recover from computer malfunctions.
A web browser (commonly referred to as a browser) is a software application for accessing information on the World Wide Web.
Web server refers to server software, or hardware dedicated to running said software, that can serve contents to the World Wide Web.
Windows Embedded Compact, formerly Windows Embedded CE and Windows CE, is an operating system subfamily developed by Microsoft as part of its Windows Embedded family of products.* Unlike Windows Embedded Standard, which is based on Windows NT, Windows Embedded Compact uses a different hybrid kernel.
An early example of a wireless router A wireless router is a device that performs the functions of a router and also includes the functions of a wireless access point.
Wireless sensor network (WSN) refers to a group of spatially dispersed and dedicated sensors for monitoring and recording the physical conditions of the environment and organizing the collected data at a central location.
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