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Index Empathy

Empathy is the capacity to understand or feel what another person is experiencing from within their frame of reference, i.e., the capacity to place oneself in another's position. [1]

188 relations: Affect (psychology), Alexithymia, Alpha-2B adrenergic receptor, Altruism, American Association for the Advancement of Science, American Psychiatric Association, Amygdala, Ancient Greek, Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, Anthropomorphism, Antisocial personality disorder, Arizona State University, Artificial empathy, Asperger syndrome, Attachment theory, Attribution (psychology), Autism, Autism spectrum, Basal ganglia, BBC News, Bipolar disorder, Bonobo, Borderline personality disorder, Brain (journal), Brainstem, Buddhism, Caregiver, Cataglyphis cursor, Cetacea, Chicken, Chimpanzee, Cingulate cortex, Cognition, Common coding theory, Compassion, Compassion fatigue, Conduct disorder, Consequentialism, Contemporary Educational Psychology, Crowd, Current Opinion (Elsevier), Daniel Levitin, Dave Grossman (author), Deontological ethics, Depersonalization, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep?, Dog, Dolphin, Edward B. Titchener, ..., Egocentrism, Elsevier, Emotion, Emotional contagion, Emotional intelligence, Emotional literacy, Empathic concern, Empathizing–systemizing theory, Empathy, Empathy quotient, Empathy-altruism, Epistemology, Ethnocultural empathy, Ethology, Extrastriate cortex, Frans de Waal, Functional magnetic resonance imaging, Fusiform gyrus, Greater Good Science Center, Grey matter, Grounding in communication, Guilt (emotion), Heinz Kohut, Hermann Lotze, High-functioning autism, How to Make Good Decisions and Be Right All the Time, Humanistic coefficient, Hypothalamus, Iain King, Identification (psychology), Inferior frontal gyrus, Inferior parietal lobule, Insular cortex, International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Intersubjectivity, JAMA (journal), Jean Decety, John Stuart Mill, Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, Journal of Personality, Keith Jenkins, Learning by teaching, Liberalism, Life skills, Magnetoencephalography, Mammal, Martin Hoffman, Mentalization, Metacognition, Michael Slote, Mimpathy, Mirror neuron, Mirror test, MIT Press, Molecular Psychiatry, Moral reasoning, N400 (neuroscience), Narcissism, Narcissistic personality disorder, National Academy of Sciences, Nature Publishing Group, Neural circuit, Neuron (journal), Neuropsychologia, Neuroscience, Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, Nonviolent Communication, North American Journal of Psychology, On Killing, Orbitofrontal cortex, Other (philosophy), Oxford University Press, Oxytocin, Oxytocin receptor, Pain empathy, Parental care, Pathos, Paul Bloom (psychologist), People skills, Periaqueductal gray, Personal distress, Personality disorder, Perspective-taking, Phenomenology (philosophy), Philip K. Dick, Pity, Prefrontal cortex, Prenatal testosterone transfer, Prentice Hall, Primate, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Proprioception, Prosocial behavior, Psychopathy, Publishers Weekly, Remorse, Reward system, Robert Vischer, Sadness, Sally–Anne test, Schema (psychology), Schizoid personality disorder, Schizophrenia, Science (journal), Science Daily, ScienceDirect, Scientific American, Scientific control, Sedentary lifestyle, Self-conscious emotions, Sense of agency, Sensory processing sensitivity, Shark attack, Simon Baron-Cohen, Simulation theory of empathy, Social emotions, Social intelligence, Society for Neuroscience, Soft skills, Somatic nervous system, Springer Science+Business Media, Striatum, Superficial charm, Sympathy, Tania Singer, Temple University, The International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology, The Journal of Neuroscience, The Tell-Tale Brain, Theory of mind, Theory of mind in animals, Toddler, University of Chicago, Ventromedial prefrontal cortex, Virtue ethics, Wiley-Blackwell, 5-HTTLPR. Expand index (138 more) »

Affect (psychology)

Affect is a concept used in psychology to describe the experience of feeling or emotion.

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Alexithymia is a personality construct characterized by the subclinical inability to identify and describe emotions in the self.

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Alpha-2B adrenergic receptor

The alpha-2B adrenergic receptor (α2B adrenoceptor), is a G-protein coupled receptor.

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Altruism is the principle and moral practice of concern for happiness of other human beings, resulting in a quality of life both material and spiritual.

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American Association for the Advancement of Science

The American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) is an American international non-profit organization with the stated goals of promoting cooperation among scientists, defending scientific freedom, encouraging scientific responsibility, and supporting scientific education and science outreach for the betterment of all humanity.

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American Psychiatric Association

The American Psychiatric Association (APA) is the main professional organization of psychiatrists and trainee psychiatrists in the United States, and the largest psychiatric organization in the world.

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The amygdala (plural: amygdalae; also corpus amygdaloideum; Latin from Greek, ἀμυγδαλή, amygdalē, 'Almond', 'tonsil') is one of two almond-shaped groups of nuclei located deep and medially within the temporal lobes of the brain in complex vertebrates, including humans.

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Ancient Greek

The Ancient Greek language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.

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Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences

The Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences is an academic journal published by Wiley-Blackwell on behalf of the New York Academy of Sciences.

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Anthropomorphism is the attribution of human traits, emotions, or intentions to non-human entities.

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Antisocial personality disorder

Antisocial personality disorder (ASPD or APD) is a personality disorder characterized by a long term pattern of disregard for, or violation of, the rights of others.

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Arizona State University

Arizona State University (commonly referred to as ASU or Arizona State) is a public metropolitan research university on five campuses across the Phoenix metropolitan area, and four regional learning centers throughout Arizona.

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Artificial empathy

Artificial empathy (AE) is the development of AI systems − such as companion robots − that are able to detect and respond to human emotions.

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Asperger syndrome

Asperger syndrome (AS), also known as Asperger's, is a developmental disorder characterized by significant difficulties in social interaction and nonverbal communication, along with restricted and repetitive patterns of behavior and interests.

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Attachment theory

Attachment theory is a psychological model that attempts to describe the dynamics of long-term and short-term interpersonal relationships between humans.

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Attribution (psychology)

Humans are motivated to assign causes to their actions and behaviors.

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Autism is a developmental disorder characterized by troubles with social interaction and communication and by restricted and repetitive behavior.

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Autism spectrum

Autism spectrum, also known as autism spectrum disorder (ASD), is a range of conditions classified as neurodevelopmental disorders.

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Basal ganglia

The basal ganglia (or basal nuclei) is a group of subcortical nuclei, of varied origin, in the brains of vertebrates including humans, which are situated at the base of the forebrain.

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BBC News

BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.

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Bipolar disorder

Bipolar disorder, previously known as manic depression, is a mental disorder that causes periods of depression and periods of abnormally elevated mood.

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The bonobo (Pan paniscus), formerly called the pygmy chimpanzee and less often, the dwarf or gracile chimpanzee, is an endangered great ape and one of the two species making up the genus Pan; the other is Pan troglodytes, or the common chimpanzee.

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Borderline personality disorder

Borderline personality disorder (BPD), also known as emotionally unstable personality disorder (EUPD), is a long-term pattern of abnormal behavior characterized by unstable relationships with other people, unstable sense of self, and unstable emotions.

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Brain (journal)

Brain is a peer-reviewed scientific journal of neurology, founded in 1878 by John Charles Bucknill, David Ferrier, James Crichton-Browne and John Hughlings Jackson.

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The brainstem (or brain stem) is the posterior part of the brain, adjoining and structurally continuous with the spinal cord.

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Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.

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A caregiver or carer is an unpaid or paid member of a person's social network who helps them with activities of daily living.

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Cataglyphis cursor

Cataglyphis cursor is a species of ant in the genus Cataglyphis.

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Cetacea are a widely distributed and diverse clade of aquatic mammals that today consists of the whales, dolphins, and porpoises.

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The chicken (Gallus gallus domesticus) is a type of domesticated fowl, a subspecies of the red junglefowl.

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The taxonomical genus Pan (often referred to as chimpanzees or chimps) consists of two extant species: the common chimpanzee and the bonobo.

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Cingulate cortex

The cingulate cortex is a part of the brain situated in the medial aspect of the cerebral cortex.

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Cognition is "the mental action or process of acquiring knowledge and understanding through thought, experience, and the senses".

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Common coding theory

Common coding theory is a cognitive psychology theory describing how perceptual representations (e.g. of things we can see and hear) and motor representations (e.g. of hand actions) are linked.

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Compassion motivates people to go out of their way to help the physical, mental, or emotional pains of another and themselves.

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Compassion fatigue

Compassion fatigue, also known as secondary traumatic stress (STS), is a condition characterized by a gradual lessening of compassion over time.

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Conduct disorder

Conduct disorder (CD) is a mental disorder diagnosed in childhood or adolescence that presents itself through a repetitive and persistent pattern of behavior in which the basic rights of others or major age-appropriate norms are violated.

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Consequentialism is the class of normative ethical theories holding that the consequences of one's conduct are the ultimate basis for any judgment about the rightness or wrongness of that conduct.

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Contemporary Educational Psychology

Contemporary Educational Psychology is a peer-reviewed academic journal on the topic of educational psychology.

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A crowd is a large group of people that are gathered or considered together.

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Current Opinion (Elsevier)

Current Opinion is a collection of review journals on various disciplines of the life sciences published by Elsevier.

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Daniel Levitin

Daniel Joseph Levitin, FRSC (born December 27, 1957) is an American-Canadian cognitive psychologist, neuroscientist, writer, musician, and record producer.

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Dave Grossman (author)

David Allen Grossman (born 23 August 1956) is an American author who has specialized in the study of the psychology of killing (a discipline which he labels "killology").

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Deontological ethics

In moral philosophy, deontological ethics or deontology (from Greek δέον, deon, "obligation, duty") is the normative ethical position that judges the morality of an action based on rules.

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Depersonalization can consist of a detachment within the self, regarding one's mind or body, or being a detached observer of oneself.

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Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) is published by the American Psychiatric Association (APA) and offers a common language and standard criteria for the classification of mental disorders.

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Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep?

Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep? (retitled Blade Runner: Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep? in some later printings) is a science fiction novel by American writer Philip K. Dick, first published in 1968.

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The domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris when considered a subspecies of the gray wolf or Canis familiaris when considered a distinct species) is a member of the genus Canis (canines), which forms part of the wolf-like canids, and is the most widely abundant terrestrial carnivore.

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Dolphins are a widely distributed and diverse group of aquatic mammals.

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Edward B. Titchener

Edward Bradford Titchener (11 January 1867 – 3 August 1927) was a British psychologist who studied under Wilhelm Wundt for several years.

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Egocentrism is the inability to differentiate between self and other.

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Elsevier is an information and analytics company and one of the world's major providers of scientific, technical, and medical information.

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Emotion is any conscious experience characterized by intense mental activity and a certain degree of pleasure or displeasure.

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Emotional contagion

Emotional contagion is the phenomenon of having one person's emotions and related behaviors directly trigger similar emotions and behaviors in other people.

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Emotional intelligence

Emotional intelligence (EI), also known as Emotional quotient (EQ) and Emotional Intelligence Quotient (EIQ), is the capability of individuals to recognize their own emotions and those of others, discern between different feelings and label them appropriately, use emotional information to guide thinking and behavior, and manage and/or adjust emotions to adapt to environments or achieve one's goal(s).

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Emotional literacy

The term emotional literacy has often been used in parallel to, and sometimes interchangeably with, the term emotional intelligence.

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Empathic concern

Empathic concern refers to other-oriented emotions elicited by and congruent with the perceived welfare of someone in need.

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Empathizing–systemizing theory

The empathizing–systemizing (E–S) theory suggests that people may be classified on the basis of their scores along two dimensions: empathizing (E) and systemizing (S).

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Empathy is the capacity to understand or feel what another person is experiencing from within their frame of reference, i.e., the capacity to place oneself in another's position.

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Empathy quotient

Empathy quotient (EQ) is a psychological self-report measure of empathy developed by Simon Baron-Cohen and Sally Wheelwright at the Autism Research Centre at the University of Cambridge.

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Empathy-altruism is a form of altruism based on feelings for others.

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Epistemology is the branch of philosophy concerned with the theory of knowledge.

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Ethnocultural empathy

Ethnocultural empathy refers to the understanding of feelings of individuals that are ethnically and/or culturally different from oneself.

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Ethology is the scientific and objective study of animal behaviour, usually with a focus on behaviour under natural conditions, and viewing behaviour as an evolutionarily adaptive trait.

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Extrastriate cortex

The extrastriate cortex is the region of the occipital cortex of the mammalian brain located next to the primary visual cortex, which is also named striate cortex because of its striped appearance in the microscope.

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Frans de Waal

Franciscus Bernardus Maria "Frans" de Waal, PhD (born 29 October 1948) is a Dutch primatologist and ethologist.

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Functional magnetic resonance imaging

Functional magnetic resonance imaging or functional MRI (fMRI) measures brain activity by detecting changes associated with blood flow.

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Fusiform gyrus

The fusiform gyrus, also known as the (discontinuous) occipitotemporal gyrus, is part of the temporal lobe and occipital lobe in Brodmann area 37.

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Greater Good Science Center

The Greater Good Science Center (GGSC), located at the University of California, Berkeley is an interdisciplinary research center devoted to the scientific understanding of individual happiness, compassion, strong social bonding, and altruistic behavior.

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Grey matter

Grey matter (or gray matter) is a major component of the central nervous system, consisting of neuronal cell bodies, neuropil (dendrites and myelinated as well as unmyelinated axons), glial cells (astrocytes and oligodendrocytes), synapses, and capillaries.

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Grounding in communication

Grounding in communication (or common ground) is a concept proposed by Herbert H. Clark and Susan E. Brennan.

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Guilt (emotion)

Guilt is a cognitive or an emotional experience that occurs when a person believes or realizes—accurately or not—that he or she has compromised his or her own standards of conduct or has violated a universal moral standard and bears significant responsibility for that violation.

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Heinz Kohut

Heinz Kohut (3 May 1913 – 8 October 1981) was an Austrian-American psychoanalyst best known for his development of self psychology, an influential school of thought within psychodynamic/psychoanalytic theory which helped transform the modern practice of analytic and dynamic treatment approaches.

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Hermann Lotze

Rudolf Hermann Lotze (21 May 1817 – 1 July 1881) was a German philosopher and logician.

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High-functioning autism

High-functioning autism (HFA) is a term applied to people with autism who are deemed to be cognitively "higher functioning" (with an IQ of 70 or greater) than other people with autism.

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How to Make Good Decisions and Be Right All the Time

How to Make Good Decisions and Be Right All the Time is a 2008 book by Iain King.

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Humanistic coefficient

A humanistic coefficient (współczynnik humanistyczny) is a conceptual object, methodological principle, or method of conducting social research wherein data analysis stresses the perceived import of analyzed experiences to their participants.

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The hypothalamus(from Greek ὑπό, "under" and θάλαμος, thalamus) is a portion of the brain that contains a number of small nuclei with a variety of functions.

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Iain King

Iain Benjamin King is a British writer.

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Identification (psychology)

Identification is a psychological process whereby the subject assimilates an aspect, property, or attribute of the other and is transformed wholly or partially, by the model that other provides.

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Inferior frontal gyrus

The inferior frontal gyrus is a part of the frontal gyrus of the frontal lobe (the yellow area of the human brain image to the right).

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Inferior parietal lobule

The inferior parietal lobule (subparietal district) lies below the horizontal portion of the intraparietal sulcus, and behind the lower part of the postcentral sulcus.

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Insular cortex

In each hemisphere of the mammalian brain the insular cortex (also insula and insular lobe) is a portion of the cerebral cortex folded deep within the lateral sulcus (the fissure separating the temporal lobe from the parietal and frontal lobes).

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International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems

The International Classification of Diseases (ICD) is the international "standard diagnostic tool for epidemiology, health management and clinical purposes." Its full official name is International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems. The ICD is maintained by the World Health Organization (WHO), the directing and coordinating authority for health within the United Nations System.

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Intersubjectivity, in philosophy, psychology, sociology, and anthropology, is the psychological relation between people.

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JAMA (journal)

JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association is a peer-reviewed medical journal published 48 times a year by the American Medical Association.

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Jean Decety

Jean Decety is an American and French neuroscientist specializing in developmental neuroscience, affective neuroscience, and social neuroscience.

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John Stuart Mill

John Stuart Mill, also known as J.S. Mill, (20 May 1806 – 8 May 1873) was a British philosopher, political economist, and civil servant.

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Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

The Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders is a peer-reviewed medical journal focusing on all aspects of autism spectrum disorders and related developmental disabilities.

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Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience

The Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience is a peer-reviewed academic journal for scientific research on cognitive neuroscience and the interaction between brain and behavior.

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Journal of Personality

The Journal of Personality is a bimonthly peer-reviewed academic journal covering personality psychology.

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Keith Jenkins

Keith Jenkins (1943) is a British historiographer.

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Learning by teaching

In the field of pedagogy, learning by teaching (German: Lernen durch Lehren, short LdL) is a method of teaching in which students are made to learn material and prepare lessons to teach it to the other students.

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Liberalism is a political and moral philosophy based on liberty and equality.

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Life skills

Life skills are abilities for adaptive and positive behaviour that enable humans to deal effectively with the demands and challenges of life.

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Magnetoencephalography (MEG) is a functional neuroimaging technique for mapping brain activity by recording magnetic fields produced by electrical currents occurring naturally in the brain, using very sensitive magnetometers.

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Mammals are the vertebrates within the class Mammalia (from Latin mamma "breast"), a clade of endothermic amniotes distinguished from reptiles (including birds) by the possession of a neocortex (a region of the brain), hair, three middle ear bones, and mammary glands.

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Martin Hoffman

Martin L. Hoffman is an American psychologist, a professor emeritus of clinical and developmental psychology at New York University.

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In psychology, mentalization is the ability to understand the mental state, of oneself or others, that underlies overt behaviour.

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Metacognition is "cognition about cognition", "thinking about thinking", "knowing about knowing", becoming "aware of one's awareness" and higher-order thinking skills.

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Michael Slote

Michael Slote is UST Professor of Ethics at the University of Miami and is author of From Morality to Virtue (1992) and Morals From Motives (2001).

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Mimpathy (Nachfühlen, literally "after experience") is a philosophical concept related to empathy and sympathy.

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Mirror neuron

A mirror neuron is a neuron that fires both when an animal acts and when the animal observes the same action performed by another.

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Mirror test

The mirror test, sometimes called the mark test, mirror self-recognition test (MSR), red spot technique or rouge test is a behavioural technique developed in 1970 by psychologist Gordon Gallup Jr. as an attempt to determine whether a non-human animal possesses the ability of visual self-recognition.

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MIT Press

The MIT Press is a university press affiliated with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in Cambridge, Massachusetts (United States).

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Molecular Psychiatry

Molecular Psychiatry is a peer-reviewed scientific journal published by Nature Publishing Group.

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Moral reasoning

Moral reasoning, also known as moral development, is a study in psychology that overlaps with moral philosophy.

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N400 (neuroscience)

The N400 is a component of time-locked EEG signals known as event-related potentials (ERP).

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Narcissism is the pursuit of gratification from vanity or egotistic admiration of one's own attributes.

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Narcissistic personality disorder

Narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) is a personality disorder with a long-term pattern of abnormal behavior characterized by exaggerated feelings of self-importance, an excessive need for admiration, and a lack of empathy.

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National Academy of Sciences

The National Academy of Sciences (NAS) is a United States nonprofit, non-governmental organization.

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Nature Publishing Group

Nature Publishing Group is a division of the international scientific publishing company Springer Nature that publishes academic journals, magazines, online databases, and services in science and medicine.

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Neural circuit

A neural circuit, is a population of neurons interconnected by synapses to carry out a specific function when activated.

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Neuron (journal)

Neuron is a biweekly peer-reviewed scientific journal published by Cell Press, and imprint of Elsevier.

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Neuropsychologia is a peer-reviewed scientific journal that focuses on cognitive neuroscience.

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Neuroscience (or neurobiology) is the scientific study of the nervous system.

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Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews

Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews is a peer-reviewed scientific journal covering behavioral neuroscience published by Elsevier.

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Nonviolent Communication

Nonviolent Communication (abbreviated NVC, also called Compassionate Communication or Collaborative Communication) is an approach to nonviolent living developed by Marshall Rosenberg beginning in the 1960s.

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North American Journal of Psychology

The North American Journal of Psychology is a triannual peer-reviewed academic journal that was established in 1999 by Lynn E. McCutcheon, who is currently the editor-in-chief.

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On Killing

On Killing: The Psychological Cost of Learning to Kill in War and Society is a book by Dave Grossman exploring the psychology of the act of killing, and the military and law enforcement establishments' attempt to understand and deal with the consequences of killing.

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Orbitofrontal cortex

The orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) is a prefrontal cortex region in the frontal lobes in the brain which is involved in the cognitive processing of decision-making.

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Other (philosophy)

In phenomenology, the terms the Other and the Constitutive Other identify the other human being, in their differences from the Self, as being a cumulative, constituting factor in the self-image of a person; as their acknowledgement of being real; hence, the Other is dissimilar to and the opposite of the Self, of Us, and of the Same.

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Oxford University Press

Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.

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Oxytocin (Oxt) is a peptide hormone and neuropeptide.

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Oxytocin receptor

The oxytocin receptor, also known as OXTR, is a protein which functions as receptor for the hormone and neurotransmitter oxytocin.

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Pain empathy

Pain empathy is a specific subgroup of empathy that involves recognizing and understanding another person’s pain.

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Parental care

Parental care is a behavioural and evolutionary strategy adopted by some animals, making a parental investment into the evolutionary fitness of their offspring.

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Pathos (plural: pathea;, for "suffering" or "experience"; adjectival form: 'pathetic' from παθητικός) represents an appeal to the emotions of the audience, and elicits feelings that already reside in them.

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Paul Bloom (psychologist)

Paul Blöøm (born December 24, 1963) is a Canadian American psychologist.

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People skills

People skills are patterns of behavior and behavioral interactions.

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Periaqueductal gray

The periaqueductal gray (PAG, also known as the central gray) is the primary control center for descending pain modulation.

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Personal distress

In psychology, personal distress is an aversive, self-focused emotional reaction (e.g., anxiety, worry, discomfort) to the apprehension or comprehension of another's emotional state or condition.

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Personality disorder

Personality disorders (PD) are a class of mental disorders characterized by enduring maladaptive patterns of behavior, cognition, and inner experience, exhibited across many contexts and deviating from those accepted by the individual's culture.

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Perspective-taking is the act of perceiving a situation or understanding a concept from an alternative point of view, such as that of another individual.

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Phenomenology (philosophy)

Phenomenology (from Greek phainómenon "that which appears" and lógos "study") is the philosophical study of the structures of experience and consciousness.

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Philip K. Dick

Philip Kindred Dick (December 16, 1928 – March 2, 1982) was an American writer known for his work in science fiction.

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Pity is a sympathetic sorrow evoked by the suffering of others and is used in a comparable sense to compassion, condolence or empathy.

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Prefrontal cortex

In mammalian brain anatomy, the prefrontal cortex (PFC) is the cerebral cortex which covers the front part of the frontal lobe.

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Prenatal testosterone transfer

Prenatal Testosterone Transfer (also known as prenatal androgen transfer or prenatal hormone transfer) refers to the phenomenon in which testosterone synthesized by a developing male fetus transfers to one or more developing fetuses within the womb and influences development.

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Prentice Hall

Prentice Hall is a major educational publisher owned by Pearson plc.

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A primate is a mammal of the order Primates (Latin: "prime, first rank").

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Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS) is the official scientific journal of the National Academy of Sciences, published since 1915.

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Proprioception, from Latin proprius, meaning "one's own", "individual", and capio, capere, to take or grasp, is the sense of the relative position of one's own parts of the body and strength of effort being employed in movement.

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Prosocial behavior

Prosocial behavior, or "voluntary behavior intended to benefit another", is a social behavior that "benefit other people or society as a whole", "such as helping, sharing, donating, co-operating, and volunteering".

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Psychopathy, sometimes considered synonymous with sociopathy, is traditionally defined as a personality disorder characterized by persistent antisocial behavior, impaired empathy and remorse, and bold, disinhibited, and egotistical traits.

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Publishers Weekly

Publishers Weekly (PW) is an American weekly trade news magazine targeted at publishers, librarians, booksellers and literary agents.

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Remorse is a distressing emotion experienced by a person who regrets actions which they deem to be shameful, hurtful, or violent.

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Reward system

The reward system is a group of neural structures responsible for incentive salience (i.e., motivation and "wanting", desire, or craving for a reward), associative learning (primarily positive reinforcement and classical conditioning), and positive emotions, particularly ones which involve pleasure as a core component (e.g., joy, euphoria and ecstasy).

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Robert Vischer

Robert Vischer (22 February 1847, Tübingen – 25 March 1933, Vienna) was a German philosopher who invented the term Einfühlung (esthetic sympathy, later translated in English as empathy), which was to be promoted by Theodor Lipps, Freud's admired philosopher.

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Sadness is an emotional pain associated with, or characterized by, feelings of disadvantage, loss, despair, grief, helplessness, disappointment and sorrow.

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Sally–Anne test

The Sally–Anne test is a psychological test, used in developmental psychology to measure a person's social cognitive ability to attribute false beliefs to others.

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Schema (psychology)

In psychology and cognitive science, a schema (plural schemata or schemas) describes a pattern of thought or behavior that organizes categories of information and the relationships among them.

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Schizoid personality disorder

Schizoid personality disorder (often abbreviated as SPD or SzPD) is a personality disorder characterized by a lack of interest in social relationships, a tendency towards a solitary or sheltered lifestyle, secretiveness, emotional coldness, detachment, and apathy.

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Schizophrenia is a mental disorder characterized by abnormal social behavior and failure to understand reality.

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Science (journal)

Science, also widely referred to as Science Magazine, is the peer-reviewed academic journal of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) and one of the world's top academic journals.

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Science Daily

Science Daily is an American website that aggregates press releases and publishes lightly edited press releases (a practice called churnalism) about science, similar to Phys.org and EurekAlert!.

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ScienceDirect is a website which provides subscription-based access to a large database of scientific and medical research.

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Scientific American

Scientific American (informally abbreviated SciAm) is an American popular science magazine.

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Scientific control

A scientific control is an experiment or observation designed to minimize the effects of variables other than the independent variable.

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Sedentary lifestyle

A sedentary lifestyle is a type of lifestyle with little or no physical activity.

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Self-conscious emotions

Self-conscious emotions, such as guilt, shame, embarrassment, and pride, are emotions that relate to our sense of self and our consciousness of others' reactions to us.

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Sense of agency

The sense of agency (SA), or sense of control, is the subjective awareness of initiating, executing, and controlling one's own volitional actions in the world.

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Sensory processing sensitivity

Sensory processing sensitivity (SPS) is a personality trait characterized by a high level of sensitivity to external stimuli.

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Shark attack

A shark attack is an attack on a human by a shark.

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Simon Baron-Cohen

Simon Baron-Cohen (born 15 August 1958) is an English clinical psychologist, professor of developmental psychopathology at the University of Cambridge in the United Kingdom.

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Simulation theory of empathy

Simulation theory of empathy is a theory that holds that humans anticipate and make sense of the behavior of others by activating mental processes that, if carried into action, would produce similar behavior.

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Social emotions

Social emotions are emotions that depend upon the thoughts, feelings or actions of other people, "as experienced, recalled, anticipated or imagined at first hand".

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Social intelligence

Social intelligence, the capacity to know oneself and to know others, is as inalienable a part of the human condition as is the capacity to know objects or sounds, and it deserves to be investigated no less than these other "less charged" forms.

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Society for Neuroscience

The Society for Neuroscience (SfN) is a professional society, headquartered in Washington, DC, for basic scientists and physicians around the world whose research is focused on the study of the brain and nervous system.

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Soft skills

Soft skills are a combination of people skills, social skills, communication skills, character traits, attitudes, career attributes, social intelligence and emotional intelligence quotients among others that enable people to navigate their environment, work well with others, perform well, and achieve their goals with complementing hard skills.

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Somatic nervous system

The somatic nervous system (SNS or voluntary nervous system) is the part of the peripheral nervous system associated with the voluntary control of body movements via skeletal muscles.

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Springer Science+Business Media

Springer Science+Business Media or Springer, part of Springer Nature since 2015, is a global publishing company that publishes books, e-books and peer-reviewed journals in science, humanities, technical and medical (STM) publishing.

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The striatum, or corpus striatum (also called the neostriatum and the striate nucleus) is a nucleus (a cluster of neurons) in the subcortical basal ganglia of the forebrain.

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Superficial charm

Superficial charm (or insincere charm or glib charm) is the tendency to be smooth, engaging, charming, slick and verbally facile.

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Sympathy (from the Greek words syn "together" and pathos "feeling" which means "fellow-feeling") is the perception, understanding, and reaction to the distress or need of another life form.

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Tania Singer

Tania Singer (born in 1969 in Munich, Germany) is Director of the Department of Social Neuroscience at the Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences in Leipzig, Germany.

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Temple University

Temple University (Temple or TU) is a state-related research university located in the Cecil B. Moore neighborhood of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States.

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The International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology

The International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology is a peer-reviewed scientific journal published by Oxford University Press.

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The Journal of Neuroscience

The Journal of Neuroscience is a weekly peer-reviewed scientific journal published by the Society for Neuroscience.

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The Tell-Tale Brain

The Tell-Tale Brain: A Neuroscientist's Quest for What Makes Us Human is a 2010 nonfiction book by V. S. Ramachandran that explores, from a neurological viewpoint, the uniqueness of human nature.

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Theory of mind

Theory of mind is the ability to attribute mental states—beliefs, intents, desires, emotions, knowledge, etc.—to oneself, and to others, and to understand that others have beliefs, desires, intentions, and perspectives that are different from one's own.

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Theory of mind in animals

Theory of mind in animals is an extension to non-human animals of the philosophical and psychological concept of theory of mind (ToM), sometimes known as mentalisation or mind-reading.

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A toddler is a child 12 to 36 months old.

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University of Chicago

The University of Chicago (UChicago, U of C, or Chicago) is a private, non-profit research university in Chicago, Illinois.

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Ventromedial prefrontal cortex

The ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) is a part of the prefrontal cortex in the mammalian brain.

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Virtue ethics

Virtue ethics (or aretaic ethics, from Greek ἀρετή (arete)) are normative ethical theories which emphasize virtues of mind and character.

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Wiley-Blackwell is the international scientific, technical, medical, and scholarly publishing business of John Wiley & Sons.

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5-HTTLPR (serotonin-transporter-linked polymorphic region) is a degenerate repeat polymorphic region in SLC6A4, the gene that codes for the serotonin transporter.

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Affective empathy, Cognitive empathy, Einfühlung, Einfühlungsvermögen, Emotional distance, Emotional empathy, Empath, Empathetic, Empathic, Empathic anger, Empathic distress, Empathise, Empathize, Empathizing, Empaths, Empaths in Fiction, Empathy (Charmed), Empathy in psychopaths, Evolution of empathy, I Know How You Feel, Indifference to others' suffering, Somatic empathy.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Empathy

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