163 relations: Abdication, Albany, New York, Anhui, Baoji, Beijing, Book of Sui, Champa, Chang'an, Changzhou, Chen dynasty, Chen Shubao, Chengdu, Chinese New Year, Concubinage, Crown prince, Dai County, Daji, Dou Jiande, Du Fuwei, Dugu Qieluo, Eastern Turkic Khaganate, Emperor, Emperor Gaozong of Tang, Emperor Gaozu of Tang, Emperor Jing of Northern Zhou, Emperor of China, Emperor Taizong of Tang, Emperor Wen of Sui, Emperor Wu of Northern Zhou, Emperor Xuan of Chen, Emperor Xuan of Northern Zhou, Emperor Xuanzong of Tang, Empress Xiao (Sui dynasty), Eunuch, Forced suicide, Gansu, Gao Jiong, Gao Kaidao, Gaochang, Göktürks, Goguryeo, Goguryeo–Sui War, Grand Canal (China), Great Wall of China, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Han Chinese, Hanged, drawn and quartered, Hanjiang District, Yangzhou, ..., Hebei, Henan, Heshana Khagan, History of the Northern Dynasties, Huai River, Hubei, Hunan, Inner Mongolia, Ishbara Qaghan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jiankang, Khitan people, Kim Kap-soo, King Zhou of Shang, Korea, Kuaiji Commandery, Lady-in-waiting, Li Gui, Li Ke, Li Mi (Sui dynasty), Liang Shidu, Liaoning, Liaoyang, Lin Shihong, Liu Wuzhou, Lu'an, Luo Yi, Luoyang, Mount Tai, Murong Fuyun, Murong Shun, Nanjing, Nanyue, Northern Wei, Northern Yan, Northern Zhou, Palace Library, Pei Ju, Poll tax, Prince Shōtoku, Pyongyang, Qutu Tong, Seoul Broadcasting System, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Shen Faxing, Shen Wuhua, Shibi Khan, Sichuan, Sima Guang, Son of Heaven, Song dynasty, Strangling, Su Wei (politician), Sui dynasty, Taishang Huang, Taiyuan, Tang dynasty, Tangut people, Tiele people, Tuoba Huang, Tuyuhun, Vietnam, Wang Shichong, Western Liang (555–587), Western Regions, Western Turkic Khaganate, Xiao Cha, Xiao Cong, Xiao Kui, Xiao Mohe, Xiao Xian, Xiao Yu, Xu Yuanlang, Xue Ju, Yami Qaghan, Yang Gao, Yang Hao (Sui dynasty), Yang Jian (Sui prince), Yang Jun (prince), Yang Liang, Yang Lihua, Yang Province, Yang Su, Yang Tong, Yang Xiu (Sui dynasty), Yang Xuangan, Yang Yong (Sui dynasty), Yang You, Yang Zhao, Yangtze, Yangzhou, Yanmen Commandery, Yanmen Pass, Yellow River, Yeon Gaesomun (TV series), Yeongyang of Goguryeo, Yi Province, Yu Shiji, Yuwen Huaji, Yuwen Shiji, Yuwen Shu, Zhai Rang, Zhang Lihua, Zhang Xutuo, Zhangye, Zhaoyang District, Zhejiang, Zhu Can, Zhu Manyue, Zizhi Tongjian. Expand index (113 more) » « Shrink index
Abdication is the act of formally relinquishing monarchical authority.
Albany is the capital of the U.S. state of New York and the seat of Albany County.
Anhui is a province of the People's Republic of China located in the eastern region of the country.
() is a prefecture-level city in western Shaanxi province, People's Republic of China.
Beijing, formerly romanized as Peking, is the capital of the People's Republic of China, the world's second most populous city proper, and most populous capital city.
The Book of Sui (Suí Shū) is the official history of the Sui dynasty.
Champa (Chăm Pa) was a collection of independent Cham polities that extended across the coast of what is today central and southern Vietnam from approximately the 2nd century AD before being absorbed and annexed by Vietnamese Emperor Minh Mạng in AD 1832.
Chang'an was an ancient capital of more than ten dynasties in Chinese history, today known as Xi'an.
Changzhou is a prefecture-level city in southern Jiangsu province of China.
The Chen dynasty (557-589), also known as the Southern Chen dynasty, was the fourth and last of the Southern Dynasties in China, eventually destroyed by the Sui dynasty.
Chen Shubao (553–604), also known as the Final Lord of Chen, posthumous name Duke Yáng of Chángchéng, courtesy name), nickname, was the last emperor of Chen China, which was conquered by Sui China. At the time of his ascension, Chen was already facing military pressure by the Sui on multiple fronts, and, according to traditional historians, Chen Shubao was an incompetent ruler who was more interested in literature and women than in the affairs of the state. In 589, Sui forces captured his capital, Jiankang, and captured him, ending Chen rule and unifying China after nearly three centuries of division that had started with the conquests of Emperor Hui of Jin. He was taken to the Sui capital Chang'an, where he was treated kindly by Emperor Wen of Sui until his death in 604, during the reign of Emperor Wen's son, Emperor Yang.
Chengdu, formerly romanized as Chengtu, is a sub-provincial city which serves as the capital of China's Sichuan province.
Chinese New Year, usually known as the Spring Festival in modern China, is an important Chinese festival celebrated at the turn of the traditional lunisolar Chinese calendar.
Concubinage is an interpersonal and sexual relationship in which the couple are not or cannot be married.
A crown prince is the male heir apparent to the throne in a royal or imperial monarchy.
Dai County, also known by its Chinese name Daixian, is a county in Xinzhou, Shanxi Province, China.
Daji, was the favorite consort of King Zhou of Shang, the last king of the Shang dynasty in ancient China.
Dou Jiande (573 – August 3, 621) was a leader of the agrarian rebels who rose against the rule of Emperor Yang of Sui near the end of the Chinese Sui dynasty.
Du Fuwei (598?-624), known during service to Tang Dynasty as Li Fuwei (李伏威), was an agrarian leader who rose against the rule of Emperor Yang of Sui at the end of the Chinese dynasty Sui Dynasty.
Dugu Qieluo or Dugu Jialuo (544 – September 10, 602), formally Empress Wenxian (文獻皇后), was an empress of the Chinese Sui dynasty.
The Eastern Turkic Khaganate (Chinese: 東突厥; pinyin: Dōng tūjué) was a Turkic khaganate formed as a result of the internecine wars in the beginning of the 7th century (AD 593–603) after the Göktürk Khaganate (founded in the 6th century in Mongolia by the Ashina clan) had splintered into two polities – Eastern and Western. Finally, the Eastern Turkic power was absorbed by the Chinese Tang Empire.
An emperor (through Old French empereor from Latin imperator) is a monarch, usually the sovereign ruler of an empire or another type of imperial realm.
Emperor Gaozong of Tang (21 July 628 – 27 December 683), personal name Li Zhi, was the third emperor of the Tang dynasty in China, ruling from 649 to 683 (although after January 665 much of the governance was in the hands of his second wife Empress Wu, later known as Wu Zetian).
Emperor Gaozu of Tang (8 April 566 – 25 June 635), born Li Yuan, courtesy name Shude, was the founder of the Tang Dynasty of China, and the first emperor of this dynasty from 618 to 626.
Emperor Jing of Northern Zhou ((北)周靜帝) (573–581), personally name né Yuwen Yan (宇文衍), later Yuwen Chan (宇文闡), was the last emperor of the Xianbei dynasty Northern Zhou.
The Emperor or Huangdi was the secular imperial title of the Chinese sovereign reigning between the founding of the Qin dynasty that unified China in 221 BC, until the abdication of Puyi in 1912 following the Xinhai Revolution and the establishment of the Republic of China, although it was later restored twice in two failed revolutions in 1916 and 1917.
Emperor Taizong of Tang (28January 598 10July 649), previously Prince of Qin, personal name Li Shimin, was the second emperor of the Tang dynasty of China, ruling from 626 to 649.
Emperor Wen of Sui (隋文帝; 21 July 541 – 13 August 604), personal name Yang Jian (楊堅), Xianbei name Puliuru Jian (普六茹堅), nickname Nryana, was the founder and first emperor of China's Sui Dynasty (581–618 AD).
Emperor Wu of Northern Zhou ((北)周武帝) (543–578), personal name Yuwen Yong (宇文邕), nickname Miluotu (禰羅突), was an emperor of the Xianbei dynasty Northern Zhou.
Emperor Xuan of Chen (陳宣帝) (530–582), personal name Chen Xu (陳頊), courtesy name Shaoshi (紹世), nickname Shili (師利), was an emperor of the Chen dynasty of China.
Emperor Xuan of Northern Zhou ((北)周宣帝) (559–580), personal name Yuwen Yun (宇文贇), courtesy name Qianbo (乾伯), was an emperor of the Xianbei dynasty Northern Zhou.
Emperor Xuanzong of Tang (8 September 685 – 3 May 762), also commonly known as Emperor Ming of Tang or Illustrious August, personal name Li Longji, also known as Wu Longji from 690 to 705, was the seventh emperor of the Tang dynasty in China, reigning from 713 to 756 C.E. His reign of 43 years was the longest during the Tang dynasty.
Empress Xiao (蕭皇后, personal name unknown; – 17 April 648), formally Empress Min, was an empress of the Chinese Sui Dynasty.
The term eunuch (εὐνοῦχος) generally refers to a man who has been castrated, typically early enough in his life for this change to have major hormonal consequences.
Forced suicide is a method of execution where the victim is coerced into committing suicide to avoid facing an alternative option they perceive as much worse, such as suffering torture or having friends or family members imprisoned, tortured, or killed.
Gansu (Tibetan: ཀན་སུའུ་ Kan su'u) is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the northwest of the country.
Gāo Jiǒng (died August 27, 607 courtesy name Zhaoxuan (昭玄), alternative name Min (敏))) known during the Northern Zhou period by the Xianbei name Dugu Jiong (独孤颎/獨孤熲), was a key official and general of the Chinese Sui Dynasty. He was a key advisor to Emperor Wen of Sui and instrumental in the campaign against rival the Chen Dynasty, allowing Sui to destroy Chen in 589 and reunify China. In 607, he offended Emperor Wen's son Emperor Yang of Sui (Yang Guang) by criticizing Emperor Yang's large rewards to Tujue's submissive Qimin Khan and was executed by Emperor Yang. Quoting Arthur Wright, Author Hengy Chye Kiang calls Gao Jiong "'a man of practical statecraft" recalling the great Legalist statesmen. His influence saw the replacement of Confucians with officials of "Legalist" outlook favouring centralization.
Gao Kaidao (高開道) (died 624), at one point known as Li Kaidao (李開道), was an agrarian rebel leader who rose against Sui Dynasty rule at the end of Emperor Yang's reign.
Gaochang (Old Uyghur: قۇچۇ, Qocho), also called Karakhoja, Qara-hoja, Kara-Khoja, or Karahoja (قاراغوجا in Uyghur), is the site of a ruined, ancient oasis city on the northern rim of the inhospitable Taklamakan Desert in present-day Xinjiang, China.
The Göktürks, Celestial Turks, Blue Turks or Kok Turks (Old Turkic: 𐰜𐰇𐰛:𐱅𐰇𐰼𐰰, Kök Türük;, Middle Chinese: *duət̚-kʉɐt̚, Тўҗүә; Khotanese Saka: Ttūrka, Ttrūka; Old Tibetan: Drugu), were a nomadic confederation of Turkic peoples in medieval Inner Asia.
Goguryeo (37 BCE–668 CE), also called Goryeo was a Korean kingdom located in the northern and central parts of the Korean Peninsula and the southern and central parts of Manchuria.
The Goguryeo–Sui War were a series of invasions launched by the Sui dynasty of China against Goguryeo, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea, between AD 598 and AD 614.
The Grand Canal, known to the Chinese as the Beijing–Hangzhou Grand Canal (Jīng-Háng Dà Yùnhé), a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is the longest as well as one of the oldest canal or artificial river in the world and a famous tourist destination.
The Great Wall of China is a series of fortifications made of stone, brick, tamped earth, wood, and other materials, generally built along an east-to-west line across the historical northern borders of China to protect the Chinese states and empires against the raids and invasions of the various nomadic groups of the Eurasian Steppe with an eye to expansion.
Guangdong is a province in South China, located on the South China Sea coast.
Guangxi (pronounced; Zhuang: Gvangjsih), officially the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, is a Chinese autonomous region in South Central China, bordering Vietnam.
Hainan is the smallest and southernmost province of the People's Republic of China (PRC), consisting of various islands in the South China Sea.
The Han Chinese,.
To be hanged, drawn and quartered was from 1352 a statutory penalty in England for men convicted of high treason, although the ritual was first recorded during the reign of King Henry III (1216–1272).
District is one of three districts of Yangzhou, Jiangsu province, China.
Hebei (postal: Hopeh) is a province of China in the North China region.
Henan is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the central part of the country.
Heshana Khagan (r. 610–617, died 619), was the second Khagan and third ruler of the Western Turkic Khaganate.
The History of the Northern Dynasties (Běishǐ) is one of the official Chinese historical works in the Twenty-Four Histories canon.
The Huai River, formerly romanized as the Hwai, is a major river in China.
Hubei is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the Central China region.
Hunan is the 7th most populous province of China and the 10th most extensive by area.
Inner Mongolia, officially the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region or Nei Mongol Autonomous Region (Ѳвѳр Монголын Ѳѳртѳѳ Засах Орон in Mongolian Cyrillic), is one of the autonomous regions of China, located in the north of the country.
Ishbara Qaghan (Old Turkic:, Ϊšbara qaγan, 沙缽略可汗/沙钵略可汗, Pinyin: shābōlüè kěhàn, Wade-Giles: sha-po-lüeh, alternative names: Shapolo, full name: Il Kül Shad Bagha Ishbara Qaghan 伊利俱盧設莫何始波羅可汗/伊利俱卢设莫何始波罗可汗, personal name: 阿史那攝圖/阿史那摄图, āshǐnà shètú, a-shih-na she-t'u) (before 540 – 587) was the first son of Issik Qaghan, grandson of Bumin Qaghan, and the fifth khagan of the first Eastern Turkic Khaganate (581–587) The first son of Kelo, grandson of Bumin Khagan, fifth khagan of the Göktürk Empire, he was appointed to the throne by the high council as the legal resolution to the crisis created by his uncle Taspar Qaghan who had bequeathed the title of khagan to his nephew Talopien (son of Muqan Qaghan).
Jiangsu, formerly romanized as Kiangsu, is an eastern-central coastal province of the People's Republic of China.
Jiangxi, formerly spelled as Kiangsi Gan: Kongsi) is a province in the People's Republic of China, located in the southeast of the country. Spanning from the banks of the Yangtze river in the north into hillier areas in the south and east, it shares a border with Anhui to the north, Zhejiang to the northeast, Fujian to the east, Guangdong to the south, Hunan to the west, and Hubei to the northwest. The name "Jiangxi" derives from the circuit administrated under the Tang dynasty in 733, Jiangnanxidao (道, Circuit of Western Jiangnan; Gan: Kongnomsitau). The short name for Jiangxi is 赣 (pinyin: Gàn; Gan: Gōm), for the Gan River which runs across from the south to the north and flows into the Yangtze River. Jiangxi is also alternately called Ganpo Dadi (贛鄱大地) which literally means the "Great Land of Gan and Po".
Jiankang, or Jianye, as it was originally called, was the capital city of the Eastern Wu (229–265 and 266–280 CE), the Jin dynasty (317–420 CE) and the Southern Dynasties (420–552 and 557–589 CE).
The Khitan people were a nomadic people from Northeast Asia who, from the 4th century, inhabited an area corresponding to parts of modern Mongolia, Northeast China and the Russian Far East.
Kim Kap-soo (born April 7, 1957) is a South Korean actor.
King Zhou was the pejorative posthumous name given to Di Xin, the last king of the Shang dynasty of ancient China.
Korea is a region in East Asia; since 1945 it has been divided into two distinctive sovereign states: North Korea and South Korea.
Kuaiji Commandery (Chinese: t 郡, s 郡, p Kuàijī Jùn), formerly romanized as K‘uai-chi Commandery, was a former commandery of China in the area of Hangzhou Bay.
A lady-in-waiting or court lady is a female personal assistant at a court, royal or feudal, attending on a royal woman or a high-ranking noblewoman.
Li Gui (died 619), courtesy name Chuze (處則), was the emperor of a short-lived state of Liang, which he established at the end of the Chinese Sui Dynasty.
Li Ke (died March 6, 653), posthumously known as the Prince of Yùlín (鬱林王), often known by his greater title as the Prince of Wú (吳王), was an imperial prince of the Tang Dynasty.
Li Mi (582–619), courtesy name Xuansui (玄邃), pseudonym Liu Zhiyuan (劉智遠), was the leader of a rebel movement against the rule of the Chinese Sui dynasty.
Liang Shidu (梁師都) (died June 3, 628) was an agrarian leader who rebelled against the rule of the Chinese dynasty Sui Dynasty near the end of the reign of Emperor Yang of Sui.
Liaoning is a province of China, located in the northeast of the country.
Liaoyang is a prefecture-level city of east-central Liaoning province, China, situated on the Taizi River and, together with Anshan, forms a metro area of 2,057,200 inhabitants in 2010.
Lin Shihong (林士弘) (died 622) was an agrarian king who rose against the rule of the Chinese Sui Dynasty near the end of Emperor Yang's reign.
Liu Wuzhou (劉武周; died 622?) was a rebel leader who rose against the rule of the Chinese dynasty Sui Dynasty late in the dynasty's history, and he took imperial style—although it was not completely clear whether the title he took was khan or tianzi.
Lu'an, is a prefecture-level city in western Anhui province, People's Republic of China, bordering Henan to the northwest and Hubei to the southwest.
Luo Yi (died 627), known during service to Tang Dynasty as Li Yi, courtesy name Ziyan (子延) or Ziting (子廷), was a Sui Dynasty official who rose against the rule of Emperor Yang of Sui and occupied the modern Beijing region.
Luoyang, formerly romanized as Loyang, is a city located in the confluence area of Luo River and Yellow River in the west of Henan province.
Mount Tai is a mountain of historical and cultural significance located north of the city of Tai'an, in Shandong province, China.
Murong Fuyun (慕容伏允) (597–635), formal title Busabo Khan (步薩鉢可汗), was a ruler of the Xianbei state Tuyuhun.
Murong Shun (慕容順) (died 635), regal title Zhugulüwugandou Khan (趉故呂烏甘豆可汗) or, in short, Gandou Khan (甘豆可汗), Tang Dynasty noble title Prince of Xiping (西平王), was briefly a khan of the Xianbei state Tuyuhun.
Nanjing, formerly romanized as Nanking and Nankin, is the capital of Jiangsu province of the People's Republic of China and the second largest city in the East China region, with an administrative area of and a total population of 8,270,500.
Nanyue or, or Nam Viet (Nam Việt) was an ancient kingdom that covered parts of northern Vietnam and the modern Chinese provinces of Guangdong, Guangxi, and Yunnan.
The Northern Wei or the Northern Wei Empire, also known as the Tuoba Wei (拓跋魏), Later Wei (後魏), or Yuan Wei (元魏), was a dynasty founded by the Tuoba clan of the Xianbei, which ruled northern China from 386 to 534 (de jure until 535), during the period of the Southern and Northern Dynasties.
The Northern Yan (407 or 409-436) was a state of Han Chinese during the era of Sixteen Kingdoms in China.
The Northern Zhou followed the Western Wei, and ruled northern China from 557 to 581 AD.
Palace Library was a central government agency in imperial China and dynastic Korea, generally in charge of maintaining and archiving the collection of the monarch's documents.
Pei Ju (547-627), birth name Pei Shiju, courtesy name Hongda, formally Duke Jing of Anyi, was a statesman who lived in the Sui and Tang dynasties, briefly serving as a chancellor during the reign of Emperor Gaozu of Tang.
A poll tax, also known as head tax or capitation, is a tax levied as a fixed sum on every liable individual.
, also known as or, was a semi-legendary regent and a politician of the Asuka period in Japan who served under Empress Suiko.
Pyongyang, or P'yŏngyang, is the capital and largest city of North Korea.
Qutu Tong (557 - 628), titled Duke of Jiang, was a general in Sui and Tang dynasties of China.
Seoul Broadcasting System (SBS) is a national South Korean television and radio network company.
Shaanxi is a province of the People's Republic of China.
Shandong (formerly romanized as Shantung) is a coastal province of the People's Republic of China, and is part of the East China region.
Shanxi (postal: Shansi) is a province of China, located in the North China region.
Shen Faxing (died  620) was an official of the Chinese Sui dynasty who, after Emperor Yang was killed in a coup led by the general Yuwen Huaji in 618, seized the area of present-day Zhejiang and southern Jiangsu and declared himself the King of Liang (梁王).
Shen Wuhua, later dharma name Guanyin (觀音), was an empress of Chen China.
Shibi Khan or Khagan (r. 611–619 AD) succeeded Yami Qaghan as the ninth khagan of the Eastern Turkic Khaganate.
Sichuan, formerly romanized as Szechuan or Szechwan, is a province in southwest China occupying most of the Sichuan Basin and the easternmost part of the Tibetan Plateau between the Jinsha River on the west, the Daba Mountains in the north, and the Yungui Plateau to the south.
Sima Guang (17 November 1019 – 11 October 1086), courtesy name Junshi, was a Chinese historian, writer, and politician.
Son of Heaven, or Tian Zi, was the sacred imperial title of the Chinese emperor.
The Song dynasty (960–1279) was an era of Chinese history that began in 960 and continued until 1279.
Strangling is compression of the neck that may lead to unconsciousness or death by causing an increasingly hypoxic state in the brain.
Su Wei (蘇威; 542–623), courtesy name Wuwei (無畏), was a high-level official of the Chinese dynasty Sui Dynasty.
The Sui Dynasty was a short-lived imperial dynasty of China of pivotal significance.
In Chinese history, a Taishang Huang or Taishang Huangdi, is a retired emperor who had, at least in name, abdicated in favour of someone else.
Taiyuan (also known as Bīng (并), Jìnyáng (晋阳)) is the capital and largest city of Shanxi province in North China.
The Tang dynasty or the Tang Empire was an imperial dynasty of China preceded by the Sui dynasty and followed by the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period.
The Tangut first appeared as a tribal union living under Tuyuhun authority and moved to Northwest China sometime before the 10th century to found the Western Xia or Tangut Empire (1038–1227).
The Tiele (Turkic *Tegreg " Carts"), also transliterated Chile, Gaoche, or Tele, were a confederation of nine Turkic peoples living to the north of China and in Central Asia, emerging after the disintegration of the confederacy of the Xiongnu.
Tuoba Huang (拓拔晃) (428 – July 29, 451), formally Crown Prince Jingmu (景穆太子) (literally "the decisive and solemn crown prince"), later further formally honored as Emperor Jingmu (景穆皇帝) with the temple name Gongzong (恭宗) by his son Emperor Wencheng, was a crown prince of the Chinese/Xianbei dynasty Northern Wei.
Tuyuhun (Tibetan: ‘A-zha) was a powerful kingdom established by nomadic peoples related to the Xianbei in the Qilian Mountains and upper Yellow River valley.
Vietnam, officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, is the easternmost country on the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia.
Wang Shichong (王世充) (died 621), courtesy name Xingman (行滿), was a general of the Chinese Sui Dynasty who deposed Sui's last emperor Yang Tong and briefly ruled as the emperor of a succeeding state of Zheng.
The Liang (555–587), later called the Western Liang (西梁) or Later Liang (後梁) to distinguish it from the Liang dynasty (502–557), was a small puppet state during the Northern and Southern dynasties period, located in the middle Yangtze region in today's central Hubei province.
The Western Regions or Xiyu (Hsi-yu) was a historical name specified in the Chinese chronicles between the 3rd century BC to the 8th century AD that referred to the regions west of Yumen Pass, most often Central Asia or sometimes more specifically the easternmost portion of it (e.g. Altishahr or the Tarim Basin in southern Xinjiang), though it was sometimes used more generally to refer to other regions to the west of China as well, such as the Indian subcontinent (as in the novel Journey to the West).
The Western Turkic Khaganate or Onoq Khaganate was a Turkic khaganate formed as a result of the wars in the beginning of the 7th century (AD 593–603) after the split of the Göktürk Khaganate (founded in the 6th century in Mongolia by the Ashina clan) into the Western khaganate and the Eastern Turkic Khaganate. At its height, the Western Turkic Khaganate included what is now Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan and parts of Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Russia. The ruling elite or perhaps the whole confederation was called Onoq or "ten arrows", possibly from oğuz (literally "arrow"), a subdivision of the Turkic tribes. A connection to the earlier Onogurs, which also means 'ten tribes', is questionable. The khaganate's capitals were Navekat (the summer capital) and Suyab (the principal capital), both situated in the Chui River valley of Kyrgyzstan, to the east from Bishkek. Tong Yabgu's summer capital was near Tashkent and his winter capital Suyab. Turkic rule in Mongolia was restored as Second Turkic Khaganate in 682.
Emperor Xuan of (Western) Liang ((西)梁宣帝; 519–562), personal name Xiao Cha (蕭詧), courtesy name Lisun (理孫), was the founding emperor of the Chinese Western Liang dynasty.
Emperor Jing of (Western) Liang ((西)梁靖帝, as later honored by Xiao Xi in 617), personal name Xiao Cong (蕭琮), courtesy name Wenwen (溫文), known during the Sui dynasty as the Duke of Ju (莒公) then Duke of Liang (梁公), was the final emperor of the Chinese Western Liang dynasty.
Emperor Ming of (Western) Liang ((西)梁明帝) (542–585), personal name Xiao Kui (蕭巋), courtesy name Renyuan (仁遠), was an emperor of the Chinese Western Liang dynasty.
Xiao Mohe (蕭摩訶) (532–604), courtesy name Yuanyin (元胤), was a general of the Chinese dynasties Chen Dynasty and Sui Dynasty.
Xiao Xian (蕭銑) (583–621) was a descendant of the imperial house of the Chinese dynasty Liang Dynasty, who rose against the rule of Sui Dynasty toward the end of the rule of Emperor Yang of Sui.
Xiao Yu (574–647), courtesy name Shiwen, posthumously known as Duke Zhenbian of Song, was an imperial prince of the Western Liang dynasty who later became an official under the Sui and Tang dynasties.
Xu Yuanlang (徐圓朗) (died 623) was an agrarian rebel leader who rose against the rule of the Chinese dynasty Sui Dynasty late in the reign of Emperor Yang of Sui.
Xue Ju (薛舉) (died 618), formally Emperor Wu (武皇帝, "Martial"), was the founding emperor of a short-lived state of Qin at the end of the Chinese dynasty Sui Dynasty, whose state was eventually destroyed by the Tang Dynasty.
Yami Qaghan(Old Turkic:, Jаmï qaγan, Chinese: 啓民可汗, 啟民可汗/启民可汗, Modern Chinese: (Pinyin): qǐmín kěhàn, (Wade-Giles): ch'i-min k'o-han, Middle Chinese: (Guangyun)), personal name: Ashina Jankan (阿史那染幹/阿史那染干, āshǐnà rǎngān, a-shih-na jan-kan), at one point known as Tolis Qaghan (突利可汗,, Töles qaγan) and after (意利珍豆啟民可汗/意利珍豆启民可汗, yìlì zhēndòu qǐmín kěhàn, yi-li-chen-tou ch'i-min k'o-han), son of Ishbara Qaghan (Ashina Shetu), was the eighth qaghan of the Eastern Turkic Khaganate.
Yang Gao (楊杲; 607–618), nickname Jizi (季子), was an imperial prince of the Chinese dynasty Sui Dynasty.
Yang Hao (November 22, 586?-618), often known by the title of Prince of Qin (秦王), was one of the claimants of the throne of the Chinese Sui Dynasty at the dynasty's end.
Yang Jian (585–618), courtesy name Shiku (世胐), nickname Ahai (阿孩), was an imperial prince of the Chinese Sui Dynasty.
Yang Jun (楊俊) (571–600), nickname Azhi (阿祇), formally Prince Xiao of Qin (秦孝王), was an imperial prince of the Chinese dynasty Sui Dynasty.
Yang Liang (楊諒) -- courtesy name Dezhang (德章), alternative name Jie (傑), nickname Yiqian (益錢) -- was an imperial prince of the Chinese dynasty Sui Dynasty.
Yang Lihua (561–609) was an empress of the Chinese/Xianbei dynasty Northern Zhou, and later a princess of Sui Dynasty.
Yangzhou, Yangchow or Yang Province was one of the Nine Provinces of ancient China mentioned in historical texts such as the Tribute of Yu, Erya and Rites of Zhou.
Yang Su (楊素) (died August 31, 606), courtesy name Chudao (處道), formally Duke Jingwu of Chu (楚景武公), was a powerful general of the Sui dynasty whose authority eventually became nearly as supreme as the emperor's.
Yang Tong (604–619), known in traditional histories by his princely title of Prince of Yue (越王) or by his era name as Lord Huangtai (皇泰主), posthumous name (as bestowed by Wang Shichong) Emperor Gong (恭皇帝), courtesy name Renjin (仁謹), was an emperor of the Chinese Sui Dynasty.
Yang Xiu (楊秀) (died 618) was an imperial prince of the Chinese dynasty Sui Dynasty.
Yang Xuangan (楊玄感 Yáng Xuángǎn) (died 613) was an official of the Chinese dynasty Sui Dynasty.
Yang Yong (died 604), nickname Xiandifa (睍地伐), also known by his posthumous title of Prince of Fangling (房陵王), was a crown prince of the Chinese Sui dynasty.
Emperor Gong of Sui (隋恭帝) (605 – 14 September 619), personal name Yang You (楊侑), was an emperor of the Chinese Sui Dynasty.
Yang Zhao (楊昭) (584–606), formally Crown Prince Yuande (元德太子, literally "the discerning and nurturing crown prince"), posthumously honored as Emperor Xiaocheng (孝成皇帝, literally "the filial and successful emperor") with the temple name Shizong (世宗) during the brief reign of his son Yang Tong, was a crown prince of the Chinese dynasty Sui Dynasty.
The Yangtze, which is 6,380 km (3,964 miles) long, is the longest river in Asia and the third-longest in the world.
Yangzhou, formerly romanized as Yangchow, is a prefecture-level city in central Jiangsu Province, China.
Yanmen Commandery was an administrative subdivision (jùn) of the state of Zhao established and of northern imperial Chinese dynasties until 758.
Yanmen Pass, also known by its Chinese name Yanmenguan and as Xixingguan, is a mountain pass which includes three fortified gatehouses along the Great Wall of China.
The Yellow River or Huang He is the second longest river in Asia, after the Yangtze River, and the sixth longest river system in the world at the estimated length of.
Yeon Gaesomun (연개소문; 淵蓋蘇文) is the title of a television historical drama.
Yeongyang of Goguryeo (died 618) (r. 590–618) was the 26th monarch of Goguryeo, the northernmost of the Three Kingdoms of Korea.
Yi Province or Yizhou (益州), was a province of ancient China.
Yu Shiji (虞世基; died 618), courtesy name Maoshi (懋世 or 茂世), was an official of the Chinese dynasties Chen Dynasty and Sui Dynasty.
Yuwen Huaji (died 619) was a general of the Chinese Sui Dynasty who, in 618, led a coup against Emperor Yang of Sui, killing him.
Yuwen Shiji (died 642), courtesy name Renren, formally Duke Zong of Ying, was an official of the Sui and Tang dynasties, serving as a chancellor, as Shizhong (侍中) (625–626) and Zhongshu Ling (中書令) (626–627), during the reigns of Emperors Gaozu and Taizong of Tang.
Yuwen Shu (宇文述; died 616), courtesy name Botong (伯通), formally Duke Gong of Xu (許恭公), was an official and general of the Chinese dynasty Sui Dynasty.
Zhai Rang (died December 14, 617) was a key agrarian rebel leader near the end of the Chinese dynasty Sui Dynasty.
Zhang Lihua (died 589) was an imperial consort of the Chinese Chen dynasty.
Zhang Xutuo, courtesy name Guo, was one of the most celebrated generals in Sui dynasty.
Zhangye, formerly romanized as Changyeh or known as Kanchow, is a prefecture-level city in central Gansu Province in the People's Republic of China.
Zhaoyang District is the only district and the seat of the city of Zhaotong, in the northeast of Yunnan Province, China.
, formerly romanized as Chekiang, is an eastern coastal province of China.
Zhu Can (朱粲) (died 621) was an agrarian rebel leader during the disintegration of the Chinese dynasty Sui Dynasty.
Zhu Manyue (547–586), later known by her Buddhist name Fajing (法淨), was a concubine of Emperor Xuan of Northern Zhou (Yuwen Yun), an emperor of the Chinese/Xianbei dynasty Northern Zhou, and she was the mother of Emperor Jing (Yuwen Chan).
The Zizhi Tongjian is a pioneering reference work in Chinese historiography, published in 1084, in the form of a chronicle.
Emperor Ming of Sui, Emperor Yang, Emperor Yang of Sui China, Emperor Yang of the Sui dynasty, Emperor yang of sui, Guang, Yang, Sui Yang Di, Sui Yang-ti, Sui Yangdi, Yang Guang, Yang Kuang, Yang Ti, Yang-ti, Yangdi, Yangdi of Sui.