39 relations: Adverse effect, Asymmetric induction, Atropisomer, Biocatalysis, Catalysis, Chemistry, Chiral auxiliary, Chiral pool synthesis, Chirality, Chirality (chemistry), Chirality (mathematics), Chirotechnology, Citalopram, Dextrorotation and levorotation, Diastereomer, Dynamic stereochemistry, Enantiomer self-disproportionation, Enantiomeric excess, Escitalopram, Eszopiclone, Herbicide, Kinetic resolution, Louis Pasteur, Mecoprop, Medication, Mirror image, OxfordDictionaries.com, Plane (geometry), Polarization (waves), Precursor (chemistry), Racemic mixture, Sedative, Stereocenter, Stereochemistry, Stereoisomerism, Systematic name, Tartaric acid, Thalidomide, Zopiclone.
In medicine, an adverse effect is an undesired harmful effect resulting from a medication or other intervention such as surgery.
Asymmetric induction (also enantioinduction) in stereochemistry describes the preferential formation in a chemical reaction of one enantiomer or diastereoisomer over the other as a result of the influence of a chiral feature present in the substrate, reagent, catalyst or environment.
Atropisomers are stereoisomers arising because of hindered rotation about a single bond, where energy differences due to steric strain or other contributors create a barrier to rotation that is high enough to allow for isolation of individual conformers.
Biocatalysis is catalysis in living (biological) systems.
Catalysis is the increase in the rate of a chemical reaction due to the participation of an additional substance called a catalysthttp://goldbook.iupac.org/C00876.html, which is not consumed in the catalyzed reaction and can continue to act repeatedly.
Chemistry is the scientific discipline involved with compounds composed of atoms, i.e. elements, and molecules, i.e. combinations of atoms: their composition, structure, properties, behavior and the changes they undergo during a reaction with other compounds.
A chiral auxiliary is a stereogenic group or unit that is temporarily incorporated into an organic compound in order to control the stereochemical outcome of the synthesis.
Chiral pool synthesis is a strategy that aims to improve the efficiency of enantioselective synthesis.
Chirality is a property of asymmetry important in several branches of science.
Chirality is a geometric property of some molecules and ions.
In geometry, a figure is chiral (and said to have chirality) if it is not identical to its mirror image, or, more precisely, if it cannot be mapped to its mirror image by rotations and translations alone.
Chirotechnology in materials science is the chemistry and technology of production and separation of enantiomers.
Citalopram (brand names: Celexa, Cipramil and others) is an antidepressant drug of the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) class.
Dextrorotation and levorotation (also spelled as laevorotation)The first word component dextro- comes from Latin word for dexter "right (as opposed to left)".
Diastereomers (sometimes called diastereoisomers) are a type of a stereoisomer.
In chemistry, dynamic stereochemistry studies the effect of stereochemistry on the reaction rate of a chemical reaction.
Enantiomer self-disproportionation is a process in stereochemistry describing the separation of a non-racemic mixture of enantiomers in an enantioenriched fraction and a more racemic fraction as a result of the formation of heterochiral or homochiral aggregates.
Enantiomeric excess (ee) is a measurement of purity used for chiral substances.
Escitalopram, sold under the brand names Cipralex and Lexapro among others, is an antidepressant of the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) class.
Eszopiclone, marketed by Sunovion under the brand-name Lunesta, is a nonbenzodiazepine hypnotic agent used in the treatment of insomnia.
Herbicides, also commonly known as weedkillers, are chemical substances used to control unwanted plants.
In organic chemistry, kinetic resolution is a means of differentiating two enantiomers in a racemic mixture.
Louis Pasteur (December 27, 1822 – September 28, 1895) was a French biologist, microbiologist and chemist renowned for his discoveries of the principles of vaccination, microbial fermentation and pasteurization.
Mecoprop, or methylchlorophenoxypropionic acid (MCPP), is a common general use herbicide found in many household weed killers and "weed-and-feed" type lawn fertilizers.
A medication (also referred to as medicine, pharmaceutical drug, or simply drug) is a drug used to diagnose, cure, treat, or prevent disease.
A mirror image (in a plane mirror) is a reflected duplication of an object that appears almost identical, but is reversed in the direction perpendicular to the mirror surface.
OxfordDictionaries.com, originally titled Oxford Dictionaries Online (ODO) and rebranded Oxford Living Dictionaries in 2017, is an online dictionary produced by the Oxford University Press (OUP) publishing house, a department of the University of Oxford, which also publishes a number of print dictionaries, among other works.
In mathematics, a plane is a flat, two-dimensional surface that extends infinitely far.
Polarization (also polarisation) is a property applying to transverse waves that specifies the geometrical orientation of the oscillations.
In chemistry, a precursor is a compound that participates in a chemical reaction that produces another compound.
In chemistry, a racemic mixture, or racemate, is one that has equal amounts of left- and right-handed enantiomers of a chiral molecule.
A sedative or tranquilliser is a substance that induces sedation by reducing irritability or excitement.
In a molecule, a stereocenter is a particular instance of a stereogenic element that is geometrically a point.
Stereochemistry, a subdiscipline of chemistry, involves the study of the relative spatial arrangement of atoms that form the structure of molecules and their manipulation.
In stereochemistry, stereoisomers are isomeric molecules that have the same molecular formula and sequence of bonded atoms (constitution), but differ in the three-dimensional orientations of their atoms in space.
A systematic name is a name given in a systematic way to one unique group, organism, object or chemical substance, out of a specific population or collection.
Tartaric acid is a white crystalline organic acid that occurs naturally in many fruits, most notably in grapes, but also in bananas, tamarinds and citrus.
Thalidomide, sold under the brand name Immunoprin, among others, is an immunomodulatory drug and the prototype of the thalidomide class of drugs.
--> Zopiclone (brand names Imovane, Zimovane, Dopareel) is a nonbenzodiazepine hypnotic agent used in the treatment of insomnia.
Antipode (chemistry), Chiral amplification, Enantio-specific, Enantioconvergent, Enantiomere, Enantiomeric, Enantiomerically, Enantiomers, Enantiopure, Enantiopurity, Enantioselective, Enantioselectivity, Enantomer, Enatiomer, Entantomer, L enantiomer, L-enantiomer, Optical Isomer, Optical antipode, Optically pure.