512 relations: Adutiškis, Africa, Alaska, Aleppo Governorate, Alexander Suvorov, Angola, Apartheid, Arica–La Paz railway, Armenia, Assam, Atlantic Ocean, Australian Capital Territory, Austria, Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867, Azerbaijan, Štrpci massacre, Baarle-Hertog, Baarle-Nassau, Back-formation, Bangladesh, Bangladesh Liberation War, Bantustan, Barak Valley, Barrio, Bartın, Basel, Basel Badischer Bahnhof, Basel SBB railway station, Baselland Transport, Battle of Vimy Ridge, Bavaria, Büsingen am Hochrhein, BBC News, Belarus, Belgium, Belgrade–Bar railway, Berlin S-Bahn, Berlin U-Bahn, Beverly Hills, California, Bishkek, Bokariadi, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Breil-sur-Roya, Brest, France, British Raj, Brunei, Buxton, North Carolina, Cabinda Province, ..., Cameroon, Campione d'Italia, Canada, Canadian National Vimy Memorial, Canton of Valréas, Cantons of France, Cape Colony, Cape Province, Carter Lake, Iowa, Casamance, Cenepa War, Ceuta, Chadds Ford Township, Delaware County, Pennsylvania, Chernihiv, Chesapeake Bay Bridge–Tunnel, Chihuahua (state), Chile, Chinatown, Chizumulu Island, Choum, Chrastava, City of Brussels, Cold War, Commonwealth War Graves Commission, Congo Pedicle road, Congo River, Connected space, Connecticut, Cooch Behar district, Copperbelt, County Armagh, County Cavan, County Fermanagh, County Leitrim, County Louth, County Monaghan, County Roscommon, Croatia, Cromartyshire, Crown Estate, Czechoslovakia, D8 road (Croatia), Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Dadra, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Dahala Khagrabari, Delaware, Delaware River, Delmarva Peninsula, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Departments of France, Deutsche Bahn, Dhanbad, Diplomatic mission, Drôme, Druzhba (city), Dubai, Dubrovnik, Duluth, Minnesota, East Alburgh, Vermont, East Berlin, East Germany, East Kemptville, Nova Scotia, East Pakistan, East Richford–Glen Sutton Border Crossing, East Timor, Eastern Shore of Virginia, Ecclesiology, Ellis Island, Emirate of Ajman, Emirate of Dubai, Emirate of Sharjah, Enclave and exclave, Equatorial Guinea, Espionage, Estonia, Estremoz, Ethnic enclave, Evere, Extension (semantics), Extraterritoriality, Feudalism, Finland, France, French Guiana, French India, Gabon, Gadsden Purchase, Galați County, Gambia River, Görlitz, Göschenen, General Conference on Weights and Measures, Genus (mathematics), Geography, German South West Africa, Germany, Ghetto, Ghost station, Google, Granite, Guernsey, Guinea, Gujarat, Guwahati, Gwalior, Habeas corpus, Hallein Salt Mine, Hamburg, Haparanda, Haren, Belgium, Harlem River, Hatta, United Arab Emirates, Hatteras Island, Hautes-Pyrénées, Hawai'i Department of Land and Natural Resources, Hawaii (island), Headquarters of the United Nations, Heerlen, Herzegovina, High Rhine Railway, History, HMT Bedfordshire, Holy Roman Empire, Homs, Hong Kong, Hong Kong–Shenzhen Western Corridor, Hopi Reservation, Hungarians, Illinois, India, India–Bangladesh enclaves, Indian reservation, Indiana, Innsbruck, International law, Interpol, Interstate 684, Interstate 86 (Pennsylvania–New York), Iowa, Ipolytarnóc, Iran, Irish Sea, Issyk-Kul, Italian War of 1521–26, Italy, James Cook, Jamshedpur, Jeddito, Arizona, Jersey City, New Jersey, Jervis Bay Territory, Jhansi, Jharkhand, John F. Kennedy, Kalākaua, Kaliningrad Oblast, Kaskaskia, Illinois, Kazakhstan, Kealakekua Bay, Kennedy Scholarship, Kensico Reservoir, Kentucky Bend, Kerala, Keretapi Tanah Melayu, Kjårdavatnet, Kleinwalsertal, Kosovo, Kota, Rajasthan, Kyrgyzstan, Lake Malawi, Lake of the Woods, Landlocked country, League of Nations, League of Nations mandate, Left- and right-hand traffic, Lesotho, Leymen, Likelike, Likoma Island, Limone Piemonte, Line 10 (BLT), Linz, List of countries that border only one other country, List of county exclaves in England and Wales 1844–1974, List of enclaves and exclaves, List of ethnic enclaves in North American cities, List of former foreign enclaves in China, Lithuania, Little Italy, Llívia, Longwood, Saint Helena, Los Angeles, Lough Allen, Lower Peninsula of Michigan, Luapula Province, Lučenec, Lusatian Neisse, Lutepää, Lyon, Mackinac Bridge, Madha, Madhya Pradesh, Magyar Autonomous Region, Mahé district, Mainland China, Malawi, Malaysia, Malaysia–Singapore Points of Agreement of 1990, Manama, Ajman, Manhattan, Manitoba, Mannheim–Karlsruhe–Basel railway, Marble Hill, Manhattan, Maryland, Masfut, Mason–Dixon line, Mauritania, Mauritania Railway, Meander, Meghalaya, Melilla, Mennonites, Mexico, Michigan, Milan, Minnesota Department of Transportation, Minnesota State Highway 23, Mississippi River, Missouri, Missouri River, Moldauhafen, Monaco, Mons, Morocco, Mozambique, Municipal annexation in the United States, Municipality of the District of Argyle, Municipality of the District of Barrington, Municipality of the District of Shelburne, Municipality of the District of Yarmouth, Nacala, Nahwa, Naigaya, Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic, Namibia, Napoleon, Narvik, NATO, Navajo Nation, Nazi Germany, Nógrádszakál, Nămoloasa, Nebraska, Netherlands, Neugersdorf, Neum, New Hampshire Route 153, New Jersey, New Mexico Territory, New York (state), New York City, New York State Route 17, Newark, Delaware, Newport (city), Vermont, Normandy American Cemetery and Memorial, Normandy landings, North Carolina, Northern Ireland, Northwest Angle, Norway, Ocracoke, North Carolina, Oder, Oder–Neisse line, Oecusse, Omaha Beach, Omaha, Nebraska, Oman, Ontario, Os de Civís, Osman I, Ostritz, Ottoman Empire, Outer Banks, Overseas department, Pakistan, Palazzo Malta, Pan Am Flight 103, Paris, Parliament of the United Kingdom, Parsonsfield, Maine, Pavia, Pavillon de Breteuil, Pechory, Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania Route 199, Peru, Plautdietsch language, Podsabotin, Point Roberts, Washington, Pointe du Hoc, Polisario Front, Politics, Polynesian outlier, Porajów, Port of entry, Portugal, Precinct, Properties of the Holy See, Province Island, Province Lake, Province of Lodi, Province of Padua, Province of Venice, Provinces of Angola, Puducherry, Puducherry district, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Quebec, Railway Gazette International, Rajasthan, Ranchi, Ras al-Khaimah, Río Muni, Referendum, Republic of Ireland, Republic of Ireland–United Kingdom border, Riparian zone, River Shannon, Rodersdorf, Roermond, Romania, Rome, Rosenheim, Ross-shire, Royal Geographical Society, Royal Peculiar, Runnymede, Russia, Saatse Boot, Saimaa Canal, Saint Peter Port, Salient (geography), Salzburg, San Colombano al Lambro, San Marino, Saxony, Schaffhausen, Schengen Agreement, Scotland, Scots law, Scottish Court in the Netherlands, Second Vienna Award, Selfkant, Senegal, Serbia, Serbian enclaves in Kosovo, Sesniki, Shenzhen, Shenzhen Bay Control Point, Shenzhen Bay Port, Sierra Leone, Silchar, Silent Light, Simply connected space, Singapore, Siret, Siret (river), Slovakia, Slovenia, Solkan, Sopron, South Africa, South America, South West Africa, Sovereign Military Order of Malta, Sovereignty, Soviet Union, Spain, Spanish Sahara, Split, Croatia, Steinstücken, Straits of Mackinac, Suleyman Shah, Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe, Suriname, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Székely independence movement, Székely Land, Székelys, Szczecin, Tamil Nadu, Tanjong Pagar railway station, Temburong District, Tete, Mozambique, The Gambia, Tiwintza detachment, Tomb of Suleyman Shah, Tony Horwitz, Topology, Tornio, Trams in Basel, Trans-Gambia Highway, Transcontinental railroad, Transylvania, Transylvanian Saxons, Treaty of Ankara, Treaty of Peace and Friendship (1904), Treaty of Trianon, Treaty of Versailles, Tribal sovereignty in the United States, Tripoli, Turkey, Twelve-Mile Circle, U-boat, U.S. Route 13, U.S. Route 220, Ukraine, Union Jack, Union of South Africa, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Nations, United Nations Office at Geneva, United States, Upper Peninsula of Michigan, Utrecht, Uttar Pradesh, Valréas, Varnsdorf, Vatican City, Vaucluse, Veľký Krtíš, Vennbahn, Ventimiglia, Vermont, Victor Hugo, Villa del Priorato di Malta, Virginia, Vorarlberg, Vorozhba, Vrancea County, Waldshut-Tiengen, Walvis Bay, Washington (state), West Bengal, West Berlin, West Hollywood, California, West Pakistan, Westchester County Airport, Western Sahara, Whatcom County, Washington, Wisconsin, Woodlands Train Checkpoint, World War I, World War II, Yana, Sierra Leone, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zittau, Zonguldak. Expand index (462 more) » « Shrink index
Adutiškis (Hoduciszki) is a town in Švenčionys district municipality, in Vilnius County, in northeast Lithuania.
Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent (behind Asia in both categories).
Alaska (Alax̂sxax̂) is a U.S. state located in the northwest extremity of North America.
Aleppo Governorate (محافظة حلب / ALA-LC: Muḥāfaẓat Ḥalab /) is one of the fourteen governorates (provinces) of Syria.
Alexander Vasilyevich Suvorov (Алекса́ндр Васи́льевич Суво́ров, r Aleksandr Vasil‘evich Suvorov; or 1730 –) was a Russian military leader, considered a national hero.
Angola, officially the Republic of Angola (República de Angola; Kikongo, Kimbundu and Repubilika ya Ngola), is a country in Southern Africa.
Apartheid started in 1948 in theUnion of South Africa |year_start.
The Arica–La Paz railway or Ferrocarril de Arica–La Paz (FCALP) was built by the Chilean government under the Treaty of Peace and Friendship of 1904 between Chile and Bolivia.
Armenia (translit), officially the Republic of Armenia (translit), is a country in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia.
Assam is a state in Northeast India, situated south of the eastern Himalayas along the Brahmaputra and Barak River valleys.
The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest of the world's oceans with a total area of about.
The Australian Capital Territory (ACT; known as the Federal Capital Territory until 1938) is Australia's federal district, located in the south-east of the country and enclaved within the state of New South Wales.
Austria (Österreich), officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich), is a federal republic and a landlocked country of over 8.8 million people in Central Europe.
The Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867 (Ausgleich, Kiegyezés) established the dual monarchy of Austria-Hungary.
The Štrpci massacre was the massacre of 19 civilians (18 Bosniaks and one Croat) on 27 February 1993, taken from a Belgrade-Bar train at Štrpci station near Višegrad, on Bosnian territory.
Baarle-Hertog is a Flemish municipality of Belgium, much of which consists of a number of small Belgian exclaves in the Netherlands.
Baarle-Nassau is a municipality and town in the southern Netherlands, located in province of North Brabant.
In etymology, back-formation is the process of creating a new lexeme by removing actual or supposed affixes.
Bangladesh (বাংলাদেশ, lit. "The country of Bengal"), officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh (গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ), is a country in South Asia.
The Bangladesh Liberation War (মুক্তিযুদ্ধ), also known as the Bangladesh War of Independence, or simply the Liberation War in Bangladesh, was a revolution and armed conflict sparked by the rise of the Bengali nationalist and self-determination movement in what was then East Pakistan during the 1971 Bangladesh genocide.
A Bantustan (also known as Bantu homeland, black homeland, black state or simply homeland) was a territory set aside for black inhabitants of South Africa and South West Africa (now Namibia), as part of the policy of apartheid.
The Barak Valley is a valley located in the southern region of the Indian state of Assam.
Barrio is a Spanish word meaning neighborhood.
Bartın is a city in northern Turkey and the central district of the province of Bartın.
Basel (also Basle; Basel; Bâle; Basilea) is a city in northwestern Switzerland on the river Rhine.
Basel Badischer Bahnhof (literally "Basel Baden Railway station", the name referring to the Grand Duchy of Baden State Railways, which built the station) is a railway station situated in the Swiss city of Basel.
Basel SBB railway station (Bahnhof Basel SBB, or in earlier times Centralbahnhof or Schweizer Bahnhof) is the central railway station in the city of Basel, Switzerland.
Baselland Transport (BLT) is a public transport operator in the Swiss city of Basel.
The Battle of Vimy Ridge was part of the Battle of Arras, in the Nord-Pas-de-Calais region of France, during the First World War.
Bavaria (Bavarian and Bayern), officially the Free State of Bavaria (Freistaat Bayern), is a landlocked federal state of Germany, occupying its southeastern corner.
Büsingen am Hochrhein ("Buesingen on the High Rhine"), commonly known as Büsingen, is a German town entirely surrounded by the Swiss canton of Schaffhausen and, south across the High Rhine, by the Swiss cantons of Zürich and Thurgau.
BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
Belarus (Беларусь, Biełaruś,; Беларусь, Belarus'), officially the Republic of Belarus (Рэспубліка Беларусь; Республика Беларусь), formerly known by its Russian name Byelorussia or Belorussia (Белоруссия, Byelorussiya), is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe bordered by Russia to the northeast, Ukraine to the south, Poland to the west, and Lithuania and Latvia to the northwest.
Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg.
The Belgrade–Bar railway (Serbian: Пруга Београд–Бар or Pruga Beograd–Bar) is a railway connecting the Serbian capital of Belgrade with the town of Bar, a major seaport in Montenegro.
The Berlin S-Bahn is a rapid transit railway system in and around Berlin, the capital city of Germany.
The Berlin U-Bahn (short for Untergrundbahn, "underground railway") is a rapid transit railway in Berlin, the capital city of Germany, and a major part of the city's public transport system.
Beverly Hills is an affluent city in Los Angeles County, California, United States, surrounded by the cities of Los Angeles and West Hollywood.
Bishkek (Бишке́к, BISHKEK, بىشکەک;; bʲɪʂˈkʲɛk), formerly Pishpek and Frunze, is the capital and largest city of Kyrgyzstan (Kyrgyz Republic).
Bokariadi is one of a number of towns in Guinea with this name.
Bolivia (Mborivia; Buliwya; Wuliwya), officially known as the Plurinational State of Bolivia (Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia), is a landlocked country located in western-central South America.
Bosnia and Herzegovina (or; abbreviated B&H; Bosnian and Serbian: Bosna i Hercegovina (BiH) / Боснa и Херцеговина (БиХ), Croatian: Bosna i Hercegovina (BiH)), sometimes called Bosnia-Herzegovina, and often known informally as Bosnia, is a country in Southeastern Europe located on the Balkan Peninsula.
Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.
Breil-sur-Roya (Breglio sul Roia or simply Breglio, Breggio, Brelh de Ròia) is a commune in the Alpes-Maritimes department in southeastern France.
Brest is a city in the Finistère département in Brittany.
The British Raj (from rāj, literally, "rule" in Hindustani) was the rule by the British Crown in the Indian subcontinent between 1858 and 1947.
Brunei, officially the Nation of Brunei, the Abode of Peace (Negara Brunei Darussalam, Jawi), is a sovereign state located on the north coast of the island of Borneo in Southeast Asia.
Buxton is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) on Hatteras Island (part of the Outer Banks) near Cape Hatteras.
Cabinda (also spelled Kabinda, formerly called Portuguese Congo, known locally as Tchiowa) is an exclave and province of Angola, a status that has been disputed by several political organizations in the territory.
Campione d'Italia is a comune (municipality) of the Province of Como in the Lombardy region of Italy and an exclave surrounded by the Swiss canton of Ticino.
Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.
The Canadian National Vimy Memorial is a war memorial site in France dedicated to the memory of Canadian Expeditionary Force members killed during the First World War.
The canton of Valréas, sometimes called the enclave des Papes ("Enclave of the Popes"), is a canton of the Vaucluse département, a part of the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur (PACA) région in southern France.
The cantons of France are territorial subdivisions of the French Republic's arrondissements and departments.
The Cape of Good Hope, also known as the Cape Colony (Kaapkolonie), was a British colony in present-day South Africa, named after the Cape of Good Hope.
The Province of the Cape of Good Hope (Provinsie van die Kaap die Goeie Hoop), commonly referred to as the Cape Province (Kaapprovinsie) and colloquially as The Cape (Die Kaap), was a province in the Union of South Africa and subsequently the Republic of South Africa.
Carter Lake is a city in Pottawattamie County, Iowa, United States and a suburb of Omaha, Nebraska and sits surrounding the south and west sides of the region's major airport, Eppley Airfield.
Casamance (Wolof and Kasamansa; Casamance; Casamansa) is the area of Senegal south of the Gambia including the Casamance River.
The Cenepa War (January 26 – February 28, 1995), also known as the Alto Cenepa War, was a brief and localized military conflict between Ecuador and Peru, fought over control of an area in Peruvian territory (i.e. in the eastern side of the Cordillera del Cóndor, Province of Condorcanqui, Región Amazonas, Republic of Perú) near the border between the two countries (see map shown in the infobox).
Ceuta (also;; Berber language: Sebta) is an Spanish autonomous city on the north coast of Africa, separated by 14 kilometres from Cadiz province on the Spanish mainland by the Strait of Gibraltar and sharing a 6.4 kilometre land border with M'diq-Fnideq Prefecture in the Kingdom of Morocco.
Chadds Ford Township is a township in Delaware County, Pennsylvania, about southwest of Philadelphia.
Chernihiv (Чернігів) also known as Chernigov (p, Czernihów) is a historic city in northern Ukraine, which serves as the administrative center of the Chernihiv Oblast (province), as well as of the surrounding Chernihiv Raion (district) within the oblast.
The Chesapeake Bay Bridge–Tunnel (CBBT) is a bridge–tunnel crossing at the mouth of the Chesapeake Bay, the Hampton Roads harbor, and nearby mouths of the James and Elizabeth Rivers in the American state of the Commonwealth of Virginia.
Chihuahua, officially the Free and Sovereign State of Chihuahua (Estado Libre y Soberano de Chihuahua), is one of the 32 states of Mexico.
Chile, officially the Republic of Chile, is a South American country occupying a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
A Chinatown is an ethnic enclave of Chinese or Han people located outside mainland China, Hong Kong, Macau, or Taiwan, most often in an urban setting.
Chizumulu Island is the smaller of two inhabited islands in Lake Malawi/Lake Nyasa, the larger being the nearby Likoma island, which together make up the Likoma District.
Choum is a town in northern Mauritania, lying in the Adrar Region close to the border with the Western Sahara (Non-Self-Governing Territory).
Chrastava (Kratzau) is a town in northern Bohemia in the Czech Republic about 10 kilometre (6 mi) northwest of the regional capital Liberec.
The City of Brussels (French: Ville de Bruxelles or alternatively Bruxelles-Ville, Dutch: Stad Brussel or Brussel-Stad) is the largest municipality and historical centre of the Brussels-Capital Region, and the de jure capital of Belgium.
The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others).
The Commonwealth War Graves Commission (CWGC) is an intergovernmental organisation of six independent member states whose principal function is to mark, record and maintain the graves and places of commemoration of Commonwealth of Nations military service members who died in the two World Wars.
The Congo Pedicle road (at one time referred to as the 'Zaire Pedicle road') crosses the Congolese territory of the Congo Pedicle and was constructed by and is maintained by Zambia to connect its Copperbelt and Luapula Provinces.
The Congo River (also spelled Kongo River and known as the Zaire River) is the second longest river in Africa after the Nile and the second largest river in the world by discharge volume of water (after the Amazon), and the world's deepest river with measured depths in excess of.
In topology and related branches of mathematics, a connected space is a topological space that cannot be represented as the union of two or more disjoint nonempty open subsets.
Connecticut is the southernmost state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
Cooch Behar district is a district of the state of West Bengal, India, as well as the district's namesake town.
The Copperbelt is a natural region in Central Africa which sits on the border region between northern Zambia and the southern Democratic Republic of Congo.
County Armagh (named after its county town, Armagh) is one of six counties that form Northern Ireland.
County Cavan (Contae an Chabháin) is a county in Ireland.
County Fermanagh is one of the thirty-two counties of Ireland and one of the six counties of Northern Ireland.
County Leitrim (Contae Liatroma) is a county in the Republic of Ireland.
County Louth (Contae Lú) is a county in Ireland.
County Monaghan (Contae Mhuineacháin) is a county in Ireland.
County Roscommon (Contae Ros Comáin) is a county in Ireland.
Croatia (Hrvatska), officially the Republic of Croatia (Republika Hrvatska), is a country at the crossroads of Central and Southeast Europe, on the Adriatic Sea.
Cromartyshire is a historic county in the Highlands of Scotland, comprising the medieval "old shire" around the county town of Cromarty and 22 exclaves transferred from Ross-shire in the late 17th century.
The Crown Estate is a collection of lands and holdings in the United Kingdom belonging to the British monarch as a corporation sole, making it the "Sovereign's public estate", which is neither government property nor part of the monarch's private estate.
Czechoslovakia, or Czecho-Slovakia (Czech and Československo, Česko-Slovensko), was a sovereign state in Central Europe that existed from October 1918, when it declared its independence from the Austro-Hungarian Empire, until its peaceful dissolution into the:Czech Republic and:Slovakia on 1 January 1993.
The D8 state road is the Croatian section of the Adriatic Highway, running from the Slovenian border at Pasjak via Rijeka, Senj, Zadar, Šibenik, Split, Opuzen and Dubrovnik to the border with Montenegro at Karasovići.
Dadra and Nagar Haveli (DNH in initials) is a union territory in Western India.
Dadra is a small town in the Indian Union Territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli.
Dahala Khagrabari (#51) was an Indian enclave belonging to the District of Cooch Behar in the State of West Bengal.
Delaware is one of the 50 states of the United States, in the Mid-Atlantic or Northeastern region.
The Delaware River is a major river on the Atlantic coast of the United States.
The Delmarva Peninsula, or simply Delmarva, is a large peninsula on the East Coast of the United States, occupied by most of Delaware as well as the Eastern Shore of Maryland and the Eastern Shore of Virginia.
The Democratic Republic of the Congo (République démocratique du Congo), also known as DR Congo, the DRC, Congo-Kinshasa or simply the Congo, is a country located in Central Africa.
Denmark (Danmark), officially the Kingdom of Denmark,Kongeriget Danmark,.
In the administrative divisions of France, the department (département) is one of the three levels of government below the national level ("territorial collectivities"), between the administrative regions and the commune.
Deutsche Bahn AG (abbreviated as DB, DB AG or DBAG) is a German railway company.
Dhanbad is a city in the Indian state of Jharkhand.
A diplomatic mission or foreign mission is a group of people from one state or an organisation present in another state to represent the sending state/organisation officially in the receiving state.
Drôme (Droma in Occitan, Drôma in Arpitan) is a department in southeastern France named after the Drôme River.
Druzhba (Дружба, lit. friendship; before 1962: Хутір-Михайлівський Khutir Mikhaylivskyy) is a town in Yampil Raion of Sumy Oblast, Ukraine.
Dubai (دبي) is the largest and most populous city in the United Arab Emirates (UAE).
Dubrovnik (historically Ragusa) is a Croatian city on the Adriatic Sea.
Duluth is a major port city in the U.S. state of Minnesota and the county seat of Saint Louis County.
East Alburgh (also known as East Alburg and Alburg Junction) is a populated place in Grand Isle County in the U.S. state of Vermont.
East Berlin existed from 1949 to 1990 and consisted of the Soviet sector of Berlin established in 1945.
East Germany, officially the German Democratic Republic (GDR; Deutsche Demokratische Republik, DDR), existed from 1949 to 1990 and covers the period when the eastern portion of Germany existed as a state that was part of the Eastern Bloc during the Cold War period.
East Kemptville is a community in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia, located in the Argyle Municipal District.
East Pakistan was the eastern provincial wing of Pakistan between 1955 and 1971, covering the territory of the modern country Bangladesh.
The East Richford–Glen Sutton Border Crossing connects the towns of Sutton, Quebec and Richford, Vermont on the Canada–US border.
East Timor or Timor-Leste (Tetum: Timór Lorosa'e), officially the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste (República Democrática de Timor-Leste, Repúblika Demokrátika Timór-Leste), is a sovereign state in Maritime Southeast Asia.
The Eastern Shore of Virginia consists of two counties (Accomack and Northampton) on the Atlantic coast of the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States.
In Christian theology, ecclesiology is the study of the Christian Church, the origins of Christianity, its relationship to Jesus, its role in salvation, its polity, its discipline, its destiny, and its leadership.
Ellis Island, in Upper New York Bay, was the gateway for over 12 million immigrants to the U.S. as the United States' busiest immigrant inspection station for over 60 years from 1892 until 1954.
The Emirate of Ajman (إمارة عجمان) is one of the seven Emirates (states) of the United Arab Emirates.
The Emirate of Dubai (إمارة دبيّ) is one of the seven emirates of the United Arab Emirates.
The Emirate of Sharjah (الشارقة) is one of the emirates of the United Arab Emirates.
An enclave is a territory, or a part of a territory, that is entirely surrounded by the territory of one other state.
Equatorial Guinea (Guinea Ecuatorial, Guinée équatoriale, Guiné Equatorial), officially the Republic of Equatorial Guinea (República de Guinea Ecuatorial, République de Guinée équatoriale, República da Guiné Equatorial), is a country located in Central Africa, with an area of.
Espionage or spying, is the act of obtaining secret or confidential information without the permission of the holder of the information.
Estonia (Eesti), officially the Republic of Estonia (Eesti Vabariik), is a sovereign state in Northern Europe.
Estremoz is a municipality in Portugal.
In sociology, an ethnic enclave is a geographic area with high ethnic concentration, characteristic cultural identity, and economic activity.
Evere (French:, Dutch) is one of the nineteen municipalities located in the Brussels-Capital Region of Belgium.
In any of several studies that treat the use of signs—for example, in linguistics, logic, mathematics, semantics, and semiotics—the extension of a concept, idea, or sign consists of the things to which it applies, in contrast with its comprehension or intension, which consists very roughly of the ideas, properties, or corresponding signs that are implied or suggested by the concept in question.
Extraterritoriality is the state of being exempted from the jurisdiction of local law, usually as the result of diplomatic negotiations.
Feudalism was a combination of legal and military customs in medieval Europe that flourished between the 9th and 15th centuries.
Finland (Suomi; Finland), officially the Republic of Finland is a country in Northern Europe bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, and Gulf of Finland, between Norway to the north, Sweden to the northwest, and Russia to the east.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
French Guiana (pronounced or, Guyane), officially called Guiana (Guyane), is an overseas department and region of France, on the north Atlantic coast of South America in the Guyanas.
French India, formally the Établissements français dans l'Inde ("French establishments in India"), was a French colony comprising geographically separate enclaves on the Indian subcontinent.
Gabon, officially the Gabonese Republic (République gabonaise), is a sovereign state on the west coast of Central Africa.
The Gadsden Purchase (known in Mexico as Venta de La Mesilla, "Sale of La Mesilla") is a region of present-day southern Arizona and southwestern New Mexico that the United States purchased via a treaty signed on December 30, 1853, by James Gadsden, U.S. ambassador to Mexico at that time.
Galați is a county (județ) of Romania, in Moldavia region, with the capital city at Galați.
The Gambia River (formerly known as the River Gambra) is a major river in West Africa, running from the Fouta Djallon plateau in north Guinea westward through Senegal and the Gambia to the Atlantic Ocean at the city of Banjul.
Görlitz (Upper Lusatian dialect: Gerlz, Gerltz, and Gerltsch, Zgorzelec, Zhorjelc, Zgórjelc, Zhořelec) is a town in the German federal state of Saxony.
Göschenen (German, Casinotta, Caschanuttais) a village and municipality in the canton of Uri in Switzerland.
The General Conference on Weights and Measures (Conférence générale des poids et mesures – CGPM) is the supreme authority of the International Bureau of Weights and Measures (Bureau international des poids et mesures – BIPM), the inter-governmental organization established in 1875 under the terms of the Metre Convention (Convention du Mètre) through which Member States act together on matters related to measurement science and measurement standards.
In mathematics, genus (plural genera) has a few different, but closely related, meanings.
Geography (from Greek γεωγραφία, geographia, literally "earth description") is a field of science devoted to the study of the lands, the features, the inhabitants, and the phenomena of Earth.
German South West Africa (Deutsch-Südwestafrika) was a colony of the German Empire from 1884 until 1919.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
A ghetto is a part of a city in which members of a minority group live, typically as a result of social, legal, or economic pressure.
Ghost stations is the usual English translation for the German word Geisterbahnhöfe.
Google LLC is an American multinational technology company that specializes in Internet-related services and products, which include online advertising technologies, search engine, cloud computing, software, and hardware.
Granite is a common type of felsic intrusive igneous rock that is granular and phaneritic in texture.
Guernsey is an island in the English Channel off the coast of Normandy.
Guinea, officially the Republic of Guinea (République de Guinée), is a country on the western coast of Africa.
Gujarat is a state in Western India and Northwest India with an area of, a coastline of – most of which lies on the Kathiawar peninsula – and a population in excess of 60 million.
Guwahati (Pragjyotishpura in ancient Assam, Gauhati in the modern era) is the largest city in the Indian state of Assam and also the largest urban area in Northeast India.
Gwalior is a major and the northern-most city in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh and one of the Counter-magnet cities.
Habeas corpus (Medieval Latin meaning literally "that you have the body") is a recourse in law through which a person can report an unlawful detention or imprisonment to a court and request that the court order the custodian of the person, usually a prison official, to bring the prisoner to court, to determine whether the detention is lawful.
The Hallein Salt Mine, also known as Salzbergwerk Dürrnberg, is an underground salt mine located in the Dürrnberg plateau above Hallein, Austria.
Hamburg (locally), Hamborg, officially the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg (Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg, Friee un Hansestadt Hamborg),Constitution of Hamburg), is the second-largest city of Germany as well as one of the country's 16 constituent states, with a population of roughly 1.8 million people. The city lies at the core of the Hamburg Metropolitan Region which spreads across four German federal states and is home to more than five million people. The official name reflects Hamburg's history as a member of the medieval Hanseatic League, a free imperial city of the Holy Roman Empire, a city-state and one of the 16 states of Germany. Before the 1871 Unification of Germany, it was a fully sovereign state. Prior to the constitutional changes in 1919 it formed a civic republic headed constitutionally by a class of hereditary grand burghers or Hanseaten. The city has repeatedly been beset by disasters such as the Great Fire of Hamburg, exceptional coastal flooding and military conflicts including World War II bombing raids. Historians remark that the city has managed to recover and emerge wealthier after each catastrophe. Situated on the river Elbe, Hamburg is home to Europe's second-largest port and a broad corporate base. In media, the major regional broadcasting firm NDR, the printing and publishing firm italic and the newspapers italic and italic are based in the city. Hamburg remains an important financial center, the seat of Germany's oldest stock exchange and the world's oldest merchant bank, Berenberg Bank. Media, commercial, logistical, and industrial firms with significant locations in the city include multinationals Airbus, italic, italic, italic, and Unilever. The city is a forum for and has specialists in world economics and international law with such consular and diplomatic missions as the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, the EU-LAC Foundation, and the UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning. In recent years, the city has played host to multipartite international political conferences and summits such as Europe and China and the G20. Former German Chancellor italic, who governed Germany for eight years, and Angela Merkel, German chancellor since 2005, come from Hamburg. The city is a major international and domestic tourist destination. It ranked 18th in the world for livability in 2016. The Speicherstadt and Kontorhausviertel were declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO in 2015. Hamburg is a major European science, research, and education hub, with several universities and institutions. Among its most notable cultural venues are the italic and italic concert halls. It gave birth to movements like Hamburger Schule and paved the way for bands including The Beatles. Hamburg is also known for several theatres and a variety of musical shows. St. Pauli's italic is among the best-known European entertainment districts.
Haparanda (Haaparanta, meaning aspen beach) is a locality and the seat of Haparanda Municipality in Norrbotten County, Sweden.
Haren (Dutch and French, sometimes written Haeren in French) is an old municipality of Brussels in Belgium, that was merged into the municipality of the City of Brussels in 1921.
The Harlem River is an tidal strait flowing between the Hudson River and the East River and separating the island of Manhattan from the Bronx on the New York mainland.
Hatta (حتا) is the inland exclave of the emirate of Dubai in the United Arab Emirates.
Hatteras Island (historically, Croatoan Island) is a barrier island located off the North Carolina coast.
Hautes-Pyrénées (Gascon/Occitan: Nauts Pirenèus / Hauts Pirenèus; Altos Pirineos; Alts Pirineus) is a department in southwestern France.
The Hawaiʻi Department of Land and Natural Resources (DLNR) is a part of the Hawaiʻi state government dedicated to managing, administering, and excerising control over public lands, water resources and streams, ocean waters, coastal areas, minerals, and other natural resources of the state of Hawaiʻi.
Hawaiʻi is the largest island located in the U.S. state of Hawaii.
The United Nations is headquartered in New York City, in a complex designed by Brazilian architect Oscar Niemeyer and built by the architectural firm Harrison & Abramovitz.
Heerlen (Heële) is a city and a municipality in the southeast of the Netherlands.
Herzegovina (or; Serbian: Hercegovina, Херцеговина) is the southern region of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The High Rhine Railway (Hochrheinbahn) is the Deutsche Bahn railway line from Basel to Singen.
History (from Greek ἱστορία, historia, meaning "inquiry, knowledge acquired by investigation") is the study of the past as it is described in written documents.
HMT Bedfordshire (FY141) was an armed naval trawler in the service of the Royal Naval Patrol Service during World War II.
The Holy Roman Empire (Sacrum Romanum Imperium; Heiliges Römisches Reich) was a multi-ethnic but mostly German complex of territories in central Europe that developed during the Early Middle Ages and continued until its dissolution in 1806.
Homs (حمص / ALA-LC: Ḥimṣ), previously known as Emesa or Emisa (Greek: Ἔμεσα Emesa), is a city in western Syria and the capital of the Homs Governorate.
Hong Kong (Chinese: 香港), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is an autonomous territory of China on the eastern side of the Pearl River estuary in East Asia.
The Hong Kong–Shenzhen Western Corridor, colloquially known in Shenzhen as Shenzhen Bay Bridge, is a, dual three-lane carriageway in Hong Kong.
The Hopi Reservation, or simply Hopi, is a Native American reservation for the Hopi and Arizona Tewa people, surrounded entirely by the Navajo Nation, in Navajo and Coconino counties of Arizona, United States.
Hungarians, also known as Magyars (magyarok), are a nation and ethnic group native to Hungary (Magyarország) and historical Hungarian lands who share a common culture, history and speak the Hungarian language.
Illinois is a state in the Midwestern region of the United States.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
The India–Bangladesh enclaves, also known as the chitmahals (ছিটমহল chitmôhol) and sometimes called pasha enclaves, were the enclaves along the Bangladesh–India border, in Bangladesh and the Indian states of West Bengal, Tripura, Assam and Meghalaya.
An Indian reservation is a legal designation for an area of land managed by a federally recognized Native American tribe under the U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs rather than the state governments of the United States in which they are physically located.
Indiana is a U.S. state located in the Midwestern and Great Lakes regions of North America.
Innsbruck is the capital city of Tyrol in western Austria and the fifth-largest city in Austria.
International law is the set of rules generally regarded and accepted as binding in relations between states and between nations.
The International Criminal Police Organization (Organisation internationale de police criminelle; ICPO-INTERPOL), more commonly known as Interpol, is an international organization that facilitates international police cooperation.
Interstate 684 (I-684) is a 28.4 mile-long (45.7 km) north–south Interstate Highway in the states of New York and Connecticut in the United States.
Interstate 86 (I-86) is an Interstate Highway that extends for through northwestern Pennsylvania and southern New York in the United States.
Iowa is a U.S. state in the Midwestern United States, bordered by the Mississippi River to the east and the Missouri and Big Sioux rivers to the west.
Ipolytarnóc (Ipeľský Trnovec) is a village in Hungary, Nógrád county.
Iran (ایران), also known as Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran (جمهوری اسلامی ایران), is a sovereign state in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th-most-populous country. Comprising a land area of, it is the second-largest country in the Middle East and the 17th-largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center. Iran is home to one of the world's oldest civilizations, beginning with the formation of the Elamite kingdoms in the fourth millennium BCE. It was first unified by the Iranian Medes in the seventh century BCE, reaching its greatest territorial size in the sixth century BCE, when Cyrus the Great founded the Achaemenid Empire, which stretched from Eastern Europe to the Indus Valley, becoming one of the largest empires in history. The Iranian realm fell to Alexander the Great in the fourth century BCE and was divided into several Hellenistic states. An Iranian rebellion culminated in the establishment of the Parthian Empire, which was succeeded in the third century CE by the Sasanian Empire, a leading world power for the next four centuries. Arab Muslims conquered the empire in the seventh century CE, displacing the indigenous faiths of Zoroastrianism and Manichaeism with Islam. Iran made major contributions to the Islamic Golden Age that followed, producing many influential figures in art and science. After two centuries, a period of various native Muslim dynasties began, which were later conquered by the Turks and the Mongols. The rise of the Safavids in the 15th century led to the reestablishment of a unified Iranian state and national identity, with the country's conversion to Shia Islam marking a turning point in Iranian and Muslim history. Under Nader Shah, Iran was one of the most powerful states in the 18th century, though by the 19th century, a series of conflicts with the Russian Empire led to significant territorial losses. Popular unrest led to the establishment of a constitutional monarchy and the country's first legislature. A 1953 coup instigated by the United Kingdom and the United States resulted in greater autocracy and growing anti-Western resentment. Subsequent unrest against foreign influence and political repression led to the 1979 Revolution and the establishment of an Islamic republic, a political system that includes elements of a parliamentary democracy vetted and supervised by a theocracy governed by an autocratic "Supreme Leader". During the 1980s, the country was engaged in a war with Iraq, which lasted for almost nine years and resulted in a high number of casualties and economic losses for both sides. According to international reports, Iran's human rights record is exceptionally poor. The regime in Iran is undemocratic, and has frequently persecuted and arrested critics of the government and its Supreme Leader. Women's rights in Iran are described as seriously inadequate, and children's rights have been severely violated, with more child offenders being executed in Iran than in any other country in the world. Since the 2000s, Iran's controversial nuclear program has raised concerns, which is part of the basis of the international sanctions against the country. The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, an agreement reached between Iran and the P5+1, was created on 14 July 2015, aimed to loosen the nuclear sanctions in exchange for Iran's restriction in producing enriched uranium. Iran is a founding member of the UN, ECO, NAM, OIC, and OPEC. It is a major regional and middle power, and its large reserves of fossil fuels – which include the world's largest natural gas supply and the fourth-largest proven oil reserves – exert considerable influence in international energy security and the world economy. The country's rich cultural legacy is reflected in part by its 22 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the third-largest number in Asia and eleventh-largest in the world. Iran is a multicultural country comprising numerous ethnic and linguistic groups, the largest being Persians (61%), Azeris (16%), Kurds (10%), and Lurs (6%).
The Irish Sea (Muir Éireann / An Mhuir Mheann, Y Keayn Yernagh, Erse Sea, Muir Èireann, Ulster-Scots: Airish Sea, Môr Iwerddon) separates the islands of Ireland and Great Britain; linked to the Celtic Sea in the south by St George's Channel, and to the Inner Seas off the West Coast of Scotland in the north by the Straits of Moyle.
Issyk-Kul (also Ysyk Köl, Issyk-Kol: Ысык-Көл, Isıq-Köl, ىسىق-كۅل,; Иссык-Куль, Issyk-Kulj) is an endorheic lake in the northern Tian Shan mountains in eastern Kyrgyzstan.
The Italian War of 1521–26, sometimes known as the Four Years' War, was a part of the Italian Wars.
Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.
Captain James Cook (7 November 1728Old style date: 27 October14 February 1779) was a British explorer, navigator, cartographer, and captain in the Royal Navy.
Jamshedpur is the most populous urban agglomeration in the Indian state of Jharkhand.
Jeddito (Jádító) is a census-designated place (CDP) in Navajo County, Arizona, United States.
Jersey City is the second-most-populous city in the U.S. state of New Jersey, after Newark.
The Jervis Bay Territory (abbreviated as JBT) is a territory of the Commonwealth of Australia.
Jhansi is a historic city in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.
Jharkhand (lit. "Bushland" or The land of forest) is a state in eastern India, carved out of the southern part of Bihar on 15 November 2000.
John Fitzgerald "Jack" Kennedy (May 29, 1917 – November 22, 1963), commonly referred to by his initials JFK, was an American politician who served as the 35th President of the United States from January 1961 until his assassination in November 1963.
Kalākaua (November 16, 1836 – January 20, 1891), born David Laamea Kamananakapu Mahinulani Naloiaehuokalani Lumialani Kalākaua and sometimes called The Merrie Monarch, was the last king and penultimate monarch of the Kingdom of HawaiOkinai.
Kaliningrad Oblast (Калинингра́дская о́бласть, Kaliningradskaya oblast), often referred to as the Kaliningrad Region in English, or simply Kaliningrad, is a federal subject of the Russian Federation that is located on the coast of the Baltic Sea.
Kaskaskia is a historically important village in Randolph County, Illinois, United States.
Kazakhstan (Qazaqstan,; kəzɐxˈstan), officially the Republic of Kazakhstan (Qazaqstan Respýblıkasy; Respublika Kazakhstan), is the world's largest landlocked country, and the ninth largest in the world, with an area of.
Kealakekua Bay is located on the Kona coast of the island of Hawaiokinai about south of Kailua-Kona.
Kennedy Scholarships provide full funding for up to ten British post-graduate students to study at either Harvard University or the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).
The Kensico Reservoir is a reservoir located in the towns of Armonk (North Castle), Harrison and Valhalla (Mount Pleasant), New York.
The Kentucky Bend, variously called the New Madrid Bend, Madrid Bend or Bessie Bend, is an exclave of Fulton County, Kentucky, encircled by the states of Tennessee and Missouri.
Kerala is a state in South India on the Malabar Coast.
Keretapi Tanah Melayu Berhad (KTM) (Jawi: كريتاڤي تانه ملايو برحد) or Malayan Railways Limited is the main rail operator in Peninsular Malaysia.
Tjårdavatnet or Kjårdavatnet (Čoađgejávri) is a lake that is located on the border of Norway and Sweden.
Kleinwalsertal (also little Walser valley) is a part of Mittelberg, Vorarlberg, Austria.
Kosovo (Kosova or Kosovë; Косово) is a partially recognised state and disputed territory in Southeastern Europe that declared independence from Serbia in February 2008 as the Republic of Kosovo (Republika e Kosovës; Република Косово / Republika Kosovo).
Kota formerly known as Kotah, is a city located in the southeast of northern Indian state of Rajasthan.
The Kyrgyz Republic (Kyrgyz Respublikasy; r; Қирғиз Республикаси.), or simply Kyrgyzstan, and also known as Kirghizia (Kyrgyzstan; r), is a sovereign state in Central Asia.
Lake Malawi, also known as Lake Nyasa in Tanzania and Lago Niassa in Mozambique, is an African Great Lake and the southernmost lake in the East African Rift system, located between Malawi, Mozambique and Tanzania.
Lake of the Woods (lac des Bois) is a lake occupying parts of the Canadian provinces of Ontario and Manitoba and the U.S. state of Minnesota.
A landlocked state or landlocked country is a sovereign state entirely enclosed by land, or whose only coastlines lie on closed seas.
The League of Nations (abbreviated as LN in English, La Société des Nations abbreviated as SDN or SdN in French) was an intergovernmental organisation founded on 10 January 1920 as a result of the Paris Peace Conference that ended the First World War.
A League of Nations mandate was a legal status for certain territories transferred from the control of one country to another following World War I, or the legal instruments that contained the internationally agreed-upon terms for administering the territory on behalf of the League of Nations.
The terms right-hand traffic (RHT) and left-hand traffic (LHT) refer to the practice, in bidirectional traffic situations, to keep to the right side or to the left side of the road, respectively.
Lesotho officially the Kingdom of Lesotho ('Muso oa Lesotho), is an enclaved country in southern Africa.
Leymen (Leimen) is a commune in the Haut-Rhin department in Alsace in north-eastern France.
Miriam Likelike Kekāuluohi Keahelapalapa Kapili (January 13, 1851 – February 2, 1887) was a Princess of the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi, sister of the last two ruling monarchs, mother of Princess Kaʻiulani, last heir to the throne, and mistress of the ʻĀinahau estate.
Likoma Island is the larger of two inhabited islands in Lake Malawi (also known as Lake Nyasa), in East Africa, the smaller being the nearby Chizumulu.
Limone Piemonte is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Cuneo in the Italian region Piedmont, located about south of Turin and about south of Cuneo, on the border with France.
BLT's tram line 10 is the third longest tramway line in Europe (it held the record for the longest for many years) at 25.6 km in length.
Linz (Linec) is the third-largest city of Austria and capital of the state of Upper Austria (Oberösterreich).
This is the list of countries that border only one other country, with only land borders being counted.
Until 1844, many of the counties in England and Wales had exclaves or detached parts, entirely surrounded by other counties.
In political geography, an enclave is a piece of land which is totally surrounded by a foreign territory.
This is a list of ethnic enclaves in various countries of different ethnic and cultural backgrounds to the native population.
The following is a list of former foreign enclaves in China.
Lithuania (Lietuva), officially the Republic of Lithuania (Lietuvos Respublika), is a country in the Baltic region of northern-eastern Europe.
Little Italy is a general name for an ethnic enclave populated primarily by Italians or people of Italian ancestry, usually in an urban neighborhood.
Llívia (Llivia) is a town in the comarca of Cerdanya, province of Girona, Catalonia, Spain.
Longwood is a settlement and a district of the British island of Saint Helena in the South Atlantic.
Los Angeles (Spanish for "The Angels";; officially: the City of Los Angeles; colloquially: by its initials L.A.) is the second-most populous city in the United States, after New York City.
Lough Allen is a lake on the River Shannon in northeastern Connacht, Ireland.
The Lower Peninsula of Michigan is the southern of the two major landmasses of the U.S. state of Michigan, the other being the Upper Peninsula.
Luapula Province is one of Zambia's ten provinces located in the northern part of the country.
Lučenec (Lizenz; Losonc; לאשאנץ; Lutetia HungarorumLelkes György (1992), Magyar helységnév-azonosító szótár, Balassi Kiadó, Budapest, 508 p.) is a town in the Banská Bystrica Region of south-central Slovakia.
The Lusatian Neisse (Lužická Nisa; Lausitzer Neiße; Nysa Łużycka; Upper Sorbian: Łužiska Nysa; Lower Sorbian: Łužyska Nysa), or Western Neisse, is a long river in Central Europe.
Lutepää is a small community on the Värska-to-Saatse gravel road in southeast Estonia.
Lyon (Liyon), is the third-largest city and second-largest urban area of France.
The Mackinac Bridge is a suspension bridge spanning the Straits of Mackinac to connect the Upper and Lower Peninsulas of the U.S. state of Michigan.
The Omani territory of Madha (madḥāʾ) or Wadi Madha is an exclave of Oman, enclaved by the United Arab Emirates (UAE); inside it, there is a second-order enclave Nahwa, part of UAE.
Madhya Pradesh (MP;; meaning Central Province) is a state in central India.
The Magyar Autonomous Region (1952–1960) (Romanian: Regiunea Autonomă Maghiară, Hungarian: Magyar Autonóm Tartomány) and Mureș-Magyar Autonomous Region (1960–1968) were autonomous regions in the People's Republic of Romania (later the Socialist Republic of Romania).
Mahé district is one of the four districts of the Union Territory of Puducherry in India.
Mainland China, also known as the Chinese mainland, is the geopolitical as well as geographical area under the direct jurisdiction of the People's Republic of China (PRC).
Malawi (or; or maláwi), officially the Republic of Malawi, is a landlocked country in southeast Africa that was formerly known as Nyasaland.
Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy in Southeast Asia.
Malaysia–Singapore Points of Agreement of 1990 (POA) is an agreement between the Southeast Asian countries of Malaysia and Singapore over the issue of the future of railway land owned by the Malaysian government through Malayan Railways (Keretapi Tanah Melayu or KTM) in Singapore.
Manama is a small township in the United Arab Emirates, an exclave of the emirate of Ajman.
Manhattan is the most densely populated borough of New York City, its economic and administrative center, and its historical birthplace.
Manitoba is a province at the longitudinal centre of Canada.
The Mannheim–Karlsruhe–Basel railway is a double-track electrified mainline railway in the German state of Baden-Württemberg.
Marble Hill is the northernmost neighborhood in the New York City borough of Manhattan.
Maryland is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States, bordering Virginia, West Virginia, and Washington, D.C. to its south and west; Pennsylvania to its north; and Delaware to its east.
Masfut is a village that forms part of an exclave of Ajman, one of the seven emirates forming the United Arab Emirates.
The Mason–Dixon line, also called the Mason and Dixon line or Mason's and Dixon's line, was surveyed between 1763 and 1767 by Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon in the resolution of a border dispute involving Maryland, Pennsylvania, and Delaware in Colonial America.
Mauritania (موريتانيا; Gànnaar; Soninke: Murutaane; Pulaar: Moritani; Mauritanie), officially the Islamic Republic of Mauritania, is a country in the Maghreb region of Northwestern Africa.
The Mauritania Railway is the national railway of Mauritania.
A meander is one of a series of regular sinuous curves, bends, loops, turns, or windings in the channel of a river, stream, or other watercourse.
Meghalaya is a state in Northeast India.
Melilla (مليلية, Maliliyyah; ⵎⵔⵉⵜⵙ, Mřič) is a Spanish autonomous city located on the north coast of Africa, sharing a border with Morocco, with an area of.
The Mennonites are members of certain Christian groups belonging to the church communities of Anabaptist denominations named after Menno Simons (1496–1561) of Friesland (which today is a province of the Netherlands).
Mexico (México; Mēxihco), officially called the United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos) is a federal republic in the southern portion of North America.
Michigan is a state in the Great Lakes and Midwestern regions of the United States.
Milan (Milano; Milan) is a city in northern Italy, capital of Lombardy, and the second-most populous city in Italy after Rome, with the city proper having a population of 1,380,873 while its province-level municipality has a population of 3,235,000.
The Minnesota Department of Transportation (MnDOT, pronounced "min-dot") oversees transportation by all modes including land, water, air rail, walking and bicycling in the U.S. state of Minnesota.
Minnesota State Highway 23 (MN 23) is a state highway that stretches from southwestern to northeastern Minnesota.
The Mississippi River is the chief river of the second-largest drainage system on the North American continent, second only to the Hudson Bay drainage system.
Missouri is a state in the Midwestern United States.
The Missouri River is the longest river in North America.
Moldauhafen (Vltava port) is a lot in the port of Hamburg, Germany, that Czechoslovakia acquired on a 99-year lease in 1929 pursuant to the Treaty of Versailles.
Monaco, officially the Principality of Monaco (Principauté de Monaco), is a sovereign city-state, country and microstate on the French Riviera in Western Europe.
Mons (Bergen; Mont; Mont) is a Walloon city and municipality, and the capital of the Belgian province of Hainaut.
Morocco (officially known as the Kingdom of Morocco, is a unitary sovereign state located in the Maghreb region of North Africa. It is one of the native homelands of the indigenous Berber people. Geographically, Morocco is characterised by a rugged mountainous interior, large tracts of desert and a lengthy coastline along the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea. Morocco has a population of over 33.8 million and an area of. Its capital is Rabat, and the largest city is Casablanca. Other major cities include Marrakesh, Tangier, Salé, Fes, Meknes and Oujda. A historically prominent regional power, Morocco has a history of independence not shared by its neighbours. Since the foundation of the first Moroccan state by Idris I in 788 AD, the country has been ruled by a series of independent dynasties, reaching its zenith under the Almoravid dynasty and Almohad dynasty, spanning parts of Iberia and northwestern Africa. The Marinid and Saadi dynasties continued the struggle against foreign domination, and Morocco remained the only North African country to avoid Ottoman occupation. The Alaouite dynasty, the current ruling dynasty, seized power in 1631. In 1912, Morocco was divided into French and Spanish protectorates, with an international zone in Tangier, and regained its independence in 1956. Moroccan culture is a blend of Berber, Arab, West African and European influences. Morocco claims the non-self-governing territory of Western Sahara, formerly Spanish Sahara, as its Southern Provinces. After Spain agreed to decolonise the territory to Morocco and Mauritania in 1975, a guerrilla war arose with local forces. Mauritania relinquished its claim in 1979, and the war lasted until a cease-fire in 1991. Morocco currently occupies two thirds of the territory, and peace processes have thus far failed to break the political deadlock. Morocco is a constitutional monarchy with an elected parliament. The King of Morocco holds vast executive and legislative powers, especially over the military, foreign policy and religious affairs. Executive power is exercised by the government, while legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of parliament, the Assembly of Representatives and the Assembly of Councillors. The king can issue decrees called dahirs, which have the force of law. He can also dissolve the parliament after consulting the Prime Minister and the president of the constitutional court. Morocco's predominant religion is Islam, and the official languages are Arabic and Berber, with Berber being the native language of Morocco before the Arab conquest in the 600s AD. The Moroccan dialect of Arabic, referred to as Darija, and French are also widely spoken. Morocco is a member of the Arab League, the Union for the Mediterranean and the African Union. It has the fifth largest economy of Africa.
Mozambique, officially the Republic of Mozambique (Moçambique or República de Moçambique) is a country in Southeast Africa bordered by the Indian Ocean to the east, Tanzania to the north, Malawi and Zambia to the northwest, Zimbabwe to the west, and Swaziland and South Africa to the southwest.
Municipal annexation is a process by which a municipality expands its boundaries into adjacent areas not already incorporated into the municipality.
Argyle, officially named the Municipality of the District of Argyle, is a district municipality in Yarmouth County, Nova Scotia.
Barrington, officially named the Municipality of the District of Barrington, is a district municipality in western Shelburne County, Nova Scotia, Canada.
Shelburne, officially named the Municipality of the District of Shelburne, is a district municipality comprising the eastern section of Shelburne County, Nova Scotia, Canada.
Yarmouth, officially named the Municipality of the District of Yarmouth, is a district municipality in Yarmouth County, Nova Scotia, Canada.
Nacala, also known as Cidade de Nacala or Nacala-Porto is a city on the northern coast of Mozambique.
Nahwa is a village that is part of the Emirate of Sharjah in the United Arab Emirates.
Naigaya is a village in southwest Guinea.
The Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic (Naxçıvan Muxtar Respublikası) is a landlocked exclave of the Republic of Azerbaijan.
Namibia, officially the Republic of Namibia (German:; Republiek van Namibië), is a country in southern Africa whose western border is the Atlantic Ocean.
Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars.
(Norwegian) or Áhkanjárga (Northern Sami) is the third-largest town and municipality in Nordland county, Norway by population.
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO; Organisation du Traité de l'Atlantique Nord; OTAN), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance between 29 North American and European countries.
The Navajo Nation (Naabeehó Bináhásdzo) is a Native American territory covering about, occupying portions of northeastern Arizona, southeastern Utah, and northwestern New Mexico in the United States.
Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP).
Nógrádszakál is a village and commune in Nógrád County, Hungary with 636 inhabitants (2015).
Nămoloasa is a commune in Galați County, in the Western Moldavia region of Romania.
Nebraska is a state that lies in both the Great Plains and the Midwestern United States.
The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.
Neugersdorf (Nowe Jěžercy) is a town in the district Görlitz, in the Free State of Saxony, Germany.
Neum (Неум) is a town and municipality located in Herzegovina-Neretva Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
New Hampshire Route 153 is a secondary north–south highway in Strafford and Carroll counties in eastern New Hampshire.
New Jersey is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the Northeastern United States.
The Territory of New Mexico was an organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed (with varying boundaries) from September 9, 1850, until January 6, 1912, when the remaining extent of the territory was admitted to the Union as the State of New Mexico, making it the longest-lived organized incorporated territory of the United States, lasting approximately 62 years.
New York is a state in the northeastern United States.
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
New York State Route 17 (NY 17) is a major east-west state highway that extends for through the Southern Tier and Downstate regions of New York in the United States.
NewarkNot as in Newark, New Jersey.
The city of Newport is the county seat of Orleans County, Vermont, in the United States.
The Normandy American Cemetery and Memorial (Cimetière américain de Colleville-sur-Mer) is a World War II cemetery and memorial in Colleville-sur-Mer, Normandy, France, that honors American troops who died in Europe during World War II.
The Normandy landings were the landing operations on Tuesday, 6 June 1944 of the Allied invasion of Normandy in Operation Overlord during World War II.
North Carolina is a U.S. state in the southeastern region of the United States.
Northern Ireland (Tuaisceart Éireann; Ulster-Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a part of the United Kingdom in the north-east of the island of Ireland, variously described as a country, province or region.
The Northwest Angle, known simply as the Angle by locals, and coextensive with Angle Township, is a part of northern Lake of the Woods County, Minnesota.
Norway (Norwegian: (Bokmål) or (Nynorsk); Norga), officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a unitary sovereign state whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus the remote island of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard.
Ocracoke, from the North Carolina Collection website at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
The Oder (Czech, Lower Sorbian and Odra, Oder, Upper Sorbian: Wódra) is a river in Central Europe.
The Oder–Neisse line (granica na Odrze i Nysie Łużyckiej, Oder-Neiße-Grenze) is the international border between Germany and Poland.
Oecusse (also variously Oecussi, Ocussi, Oekussi, Oekusi, Okusi, Oé-Cusse), formerly Ambeno and Oecussi-Ambeno, is a Special Administrative Region (SAR), and was formerly a district, of East Timor.
Omaha, commonly known as Omaha Beach, was the code name for one of the five sectors of the Allied invasion of German-occupied France in the Normandy landings on June 6, 1944, during World War II.
Omaha is the largest city in the state of Nebraska and the county seat of Douglas County.
Oman (عمان), officially the Sultanate of Oman (سلطنة عُمان), is an Arab country on the southeastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula in Western Asia.
Ontario is one of the 13 provinces and territories of Canada and is located in east-central Canada.
Os de Civís is a village in the central Pyrenees mountains, in the municipality of Les Valls de Valira in Catalonia, Spain, and is located to the west of Andorra, near the villages of Aixàs and Bixessarri.
Osman I or Osman Gazi (translit; Birinci Osman or Osman Gazi; died 1323/4), sometimes transliterated archaically as Othman, was the leader of the Ottoman Turks and the founder of the Ottoman dynasty.
Ostritz is a town in the district Görlitz, in the Free State of Saxony, Germany.
The Ottoman Empire (دولت عليه عثمانیه,, literally The Exalted Ottoman State; Modern Turkish: Osmanlı İmparatorluğu or Osmanlı Devleti), also historically known in Western Europe as the Turkish Empire"The Ottoman Empire-also known in Europe as the Turkish Empire" or simply Turkey, was a state that controlled much of Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries.
The Outer Banks (OBX) is a string of barrier islands and spits off the coast of North Carolina and southeastern Virginia, on the east coast of the United States.
An overseas department (département d’outre-mer or DOM) is a department of France that is outside metropolitan France.
Pakistan (پاکِستان), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (اِسلامی جمہوریہ پاکِستان), is a country in South Asia.
Palazzo Malta, officially named as the Magistral Palace (Palazzo Magistrale), and also known as Palazzo di Malta or Palazzo dell'Ordine di Malta, is the most important of the two headquarters of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta (the other being Villa Malta), a Roman Catholic lay religious order and a sovereign subject of international law.
Pan Am Flight 103 was a regularly scheduled Pan Am transatlantic flight from Frankfurt to Detroit via London and New York.
Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.
The Parliament of the United Kingdom, commonly known as the UK Parliament or British Parliament, is the supreme legislative body of the United Kingdom, the Crown dependencies and overseas territories.
Parsonsfield is a town in York County, Maine, United States.
Pavia (Lombard: Pavia; Ticinum; Medieval Latin: Papia) is a town and comune of south-western Lombardy, northern Italy, south of Milan on the lower Ticino river near its confluence with the Po.
Pavillon de Breteuil is a building located in Saint-Cloud, France near Paris.
Pechory (Печо́ры; Estonian and Seto: Petseri) is a town and the administrative center of Pechorsky District in Pskov Oblast, Russia.
Pennsylvania (Pennsylvania German: Pennsylvaani or Pennsilfaani), officially the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is a state located in the northeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States.
Pennsylvania Route 199 (PA 199) is a state highway located in Bradford County in Pennsylvania.
Peru (Perú; Piruw Republika; Piruw Suyu), officially the Republic of Peru, is a country in western South America.
Plautdietsch or Mennonite Low German, is a Low Prussian dialect of East Low German with Dutch influence that developed in the 16th and 17th centuries in the Vistula delta area of Royal Prussia.
Podsabotin is a village in the Municipality of Brda in the Littoral region of Slovenia, right on the border with Italy.
Point Roberts is a pene exclave of the United States on the southernmost tip of the Tsawwassen Peninsula, south of Vancouver in British Columbia.
La Pointe du Hoc is a promontory with a cliff overlooking the English Channel on the north-western coast of Normandy in the Calvados department, France.
The Polisario Front, Frente Polisario, FRELISARIO or simply POLISARIO, from the Spanish abbreviation of Frente Popular de Liberación de Saguía el Hamra y Río de Oro ("Popular Front for the Liberation of Saguia el-Hamra and Río de Oro" الجبهة الشعبية لتحرير ساقية الحمراء و وادي الذهب Al-Jabhat Al-Sha'abiyah Li-Tahrir Saqiya Al-Hamra'a wa Wadi Al-Dhahab, Front populaire de Libération de la Seguia el Hamra et du Rivière d'or), is a Sahrawi rebel national liberation movement aiming to end Moroccan presence in the Western Sahara.
Politics (from Politiká, meaning "affairs of the cities") is the process of making decisions that apply to members of a group.
Polynesian outliers are a number of culturally Polynesian societies that geographically lie outside the main region of Polynesian influence, known as the Polynesian Triangle; instead, Polynesian outliers are scattered in the two other Pacific subregions: Melanesia and Micronesia.
Porajów (German: Großporitsch) is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Bogatynia, within Zgorzelec County, Lower Silesian Voivodeship, in south-western Poland, close to the Czech and German borders.
In general, a port of entry (POE) is a place where one may lawfully enter a country.
Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa),In recognized minority languages of Portugal: Portugal is the oldest state in the Iberian Peninsula and one of the oldest in Europe, its territory having been continuously settled, invaded and fought over since prehistoric times.
A precinct is a space enclosed by the walls or other boundaries of a particular place or building, or by an arbitrary and imaginary line drawn around it.
The properties of the Holy See are regulated by the 1929 Lateran Treaty signed with the Kingdom of Italy.
Province Island (Île de la Province) is an island mostly in the Canadian province of Québec, but partly in the U.S. state of Vermont.
Province Lake is a water body located on the border between New Hampshire and Maine in the United States.
The province of Lodi (provincia di Lodi) is a province in the Lombardy region of Italy.
The Province of Padua (Provincia di Padova) is a province in the Veneto region of Italy.
The Province of Venice (Provincia di Venezia) was a province in the Veneto region of northern Italy.
Angola is divided into eighteen provinces, known in Portuguese as províncias.
Puducherry (literally New Town in Tamil), formerly known as Pondicherry, is a union territory of India.
Puducherry district, formerly Pondicherry district is one of the four districts of the union territory of Puducherry in southern India.
Pyrénées-Atlantiques (Gascon: Pirenèus-Atlantics; Pirinio Atlantiarrak or Pirinio Atlantikoak) is a department in the region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine, in southwestern France.
Quebec (Québec)According to the Canadian government, Québec (with the acute accent) is the official name in French and Quebec (without the accent) is the province's official name in English; the name is.
Railway Gazette International is a monthly business journal covering the railway, metro, light rail and tram industries worldwide.
Rajasthan (literally, "Land of Kings") is India's largest state by area (or 10.4% of India's total area).
Ranchi is the capital of the Indian state of Jharkhand.
Ras al-Khaimah (رأس الخيمة), historically known as Julfar, is one of the seven emirates that make up the United Arab Emirates (UAE).Its name could be taken to mean "headland of the small huts", which can be attributed to the indigenous buildings that existed along the coast.
Río Muni (called Mbini in Fang) is the Continental Region of Equatorial Guinea, and comprises the mainland geographical region, covering 26,017 km².
A referendum (plural: referendums or referenda) is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is invited to vote on a particular proposal.
Ireland (Éire), also known as the Republic of Ireland (Poblacht na hÉireann), is a sovereign state in north-western Europe occupying 26 of 32 counties of the island of Ireland.
The Republic of Ireland–United Kingdom border, also known as the Irish border, runs for Ordnance Survey of Northern Ireland, 1999MFPP Working Paper No.
A riparian zone or riparian area is the interface between land and a river or stream.
The River Shannon (Abha na Sionainne, an tSionainn, an tSionna) is the longest river in Ireland at.
Rodersdorf is a municipality in the district of Dorneck in the canton of Solothurn in Switzerland, on the border to Alsace, France.
Roermond (Remunj) is a city, a municipality, and a diocese in the southeastern part of the Netherlands.
Romania (România) is a sovereign state located at the crossroads of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe.
Rome (Roma; Roma) is the capital city of Italy and a special comune (named Comune di Roma Capitale).
The independent city of Rosenheim (Central Bavarian: Rousnam) is located in the centre of the district of Rosenheim (Upper Bavaria), and is also the seat of administration of this region.
Ross-shire (Siorrachd Rois) is a historic county in the Scottish Highlands.
The Royal Geographical Society (with the Institute of British Geographers) is the UK's learned society and professional body for geography, founded in 1830 for the advancement of geographical sciences.
A Royal Peculiar (or Royal Peculier) is a Church of England parish or church exempt from the jurisdiction of the diocese and the archdiocese in which it lies and subject to the direct jurisdiction of the monarch.
Runnymede is a water-meadow alongside the River Thames in the English county of Surrey, and just over west of central London.
Russia (rɐˈsʲijə), officially the Russian Federation (p), is a country in Eurasia. At, Russia is the largest country in the world by area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, and the ninth most populous, with over 144 million people as of December 2017, excluding Crimea. About 77% of the population live in the western, European part of the country. Russia's capital Moscow is one of the largest cities in the world; other major cities include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod. Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U.S. state of Alaska across the Bering Strait. The East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus' ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states; most of the Rus' lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde in the 13th century. The Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities, achieved independence from the Golden Horde. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which was the third largest empire in history, stretching from Poland on the west to Alaska on the east. Following the Russian Revolution, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the largest and leading constituent of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the world's first constitutionally socialist state. The Soviet Union played a decisive role in the Allied victory in World War II, and emerged as a recognized superpower and rival to the United States during the Cold War. The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the world's first human-made satellite and the launching of the first humans in space. By the end of 1990, the Soviet Union had the world's second largest economy, largest standing military in the world and the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, twelve independent republics emerged from the USSR: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and the Baltic states regained independence: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania; the Russian SFSR reconstituted itself as the Russian Federation and is recognized as the continuing legal personality and a successor of the Soviet Union. It is governed as a federal semi-presidential republic. The Russian economy ranks as the twelfth largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity in 2015. Russia's extensive mineral and energy resources are the largest such reserves in the world, making it one of the leading producers of oil and natural gas globally. The country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Russia is a great power as well as a regional power and has been characterised as a potential superpower. It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and an active global partner of ASEAN, as well as a member of the G20, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and the World Trade Organization (WTO), as well as being the leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and one of the five members of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), along with Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.
The Saatse Boot (Saatse saabas) is an area of Russian territory of that extends through the road number 178 between the Estonian villages of Lutepää and Sesniki (themselves between the larger settlement Värska and village of Saatse) in Värska Parish.
The Saimaa Canal (Saimaan kanava; Saima kanal; Сайменский канал) is a transportation canal that connects lake Saimaa with the Gulf of Finland near Vyborg, Russia.
Saint Peter Port is the capital of Guernsey as well as the main port.
A salient is an elongated protrusion of a geopolitical entity, such as a subnational entity or a sovereign state.
Salzburg, literally "salt fortress", is the fourth-largest city in Austria and the capital of Salzburg state.
San Colombano al Lambro is a comune (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Milan in the Italian region Lombardy, located about southeast of Milan.
San Marino, officially the Republic of San Marino (Repubblica di San Marino), also known as the Most Serene Republic of San Marino (Serenissima Repubblica di San Marino), is an enclaved microstate surrounded by Italy, situated on the Italian Peninsula on the northeastern side of the Apennine Mountains.
The Free State of Saxony (Freistaat Sachsen; Swobodny stat Sakska) is a landlocked federal state of Germany, bordering the federal states of Brandenburg, Saxony Anhalt, Thuringia, and Bavaria, as well as the countries of Poland (Lower Silesian and Lubusz Voivodeships) and the Czech Republic (Karlovy Vary, Liberec, and Ústí nad Labem Regions).
Schaffhausen (Schafuuse; Schaffhouse; Sciaffusa; Schaffusa; Shaffhouse) is a town with historic roots, a municipality in northern Switzerland, and the capital of the canton of the same name; it has an estimated population of 36,000.
The Schengen Agreement is a treaty which led to the creation of Europe's Schengen Area, in which internal border checks have largely been abolished.
Scotland (Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.
Scots law is the legal system of Scotland.
The Scottish court in the Netherlands was a special sitting of the High Court of Justiciary set up under Scots law in a former United States Air Force base called Camp Zeist in Utrecht, in the Netherlands, for the trial of two Libyans charged with 270 counts of murder in connection with the bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland, on 21 December 1988.
The Second Vienna Award was the second of two territorial disputes arbitrated by Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy.
Selfkant (Selfkant or Zelfkant) is a municipality in the Heinsberg district, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Senegal (Sénégal), officially the Republic of Senegal, is a country in West Africa.
Serbia (Србија / Srbija),Pannonian Rusyn: Сербия; Szerbia; Albanian and Romanian: Serbia; Slovak and Czech: Srbsko,; Сърбия.
Serbian enclaves refers to settlements in Kosovo outside North Kosovo ("south of the Ibar") where Serbs form a majority.
Sesniki is a village in Setomaa Parish, Võru County in southeastern Estonia.
Shenzhen is a major city in Guangdong Province, China.
Shenzhen Bay Control Point (Chinese: 深圳灣管制站) is a Hong Kong immigration control point on its border with mainland China.
Shenzhen Bay Port is a port of entry in the People's Republic of China, on the border with its special administrative region of Hong Kong.
Sierra Leone, officially the Republic of Sierra Leone, is a country in West Africa.
Silchar is the headquarters of Cachar district in the state of Assam in India.
Silent Light (Plautdietsch: Stellet Licht; Luz silenciosa) is a 2007 film written and directed by Carlos Reygadas.
In topology, a topological space is called simply connected (or 1-connected, or 1-simply connected) if it is path-connected and every path between two points can be continuously transformed (intuitively for embedded spaces, staying within the space) into any other such path while preserving the two endpoints in question.
Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign city-state and island country in Southeast Asia.
Siret (Sereth; Seret; Szeretvásár, סערעט Seret) is a town, municipality and former Latin bishopric in Suceava County, north-eastern Romania.
The Siret or Sireth (Сірет or Серет, Siret, Szeret, Сирет) is a river that rises from the Carpathians in the Northern Bukovina region of Ukraine, and flows southward into Romania before it joins the Danube.
Slovakia (Slovensko), officially the Slovak Republic (Slovenská republika), is a landlocked country in Central Europe.
Slovenia (Slovenija), officially the Republic of Slovenia (Slovene:, abbr.: RS), is a country in southern Central Europe, located at the crossroads of main European cultural and trade routes.
Solkan (or; Salcano, Sollingen or Salcano) is a settlement in the City Municipality of Nova Gorica in the Gorizia region of western Slovenia, at the border with Italy.
Sopron (Ödenburg, Šopron) is a city in Hungary on the Austrian border, near the Lake Neusiedl/Lake Fertő.
South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa.
South America is a continent in the Western Hemisphere, mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with a relatively small portion in the Northern Hemisphere.
South West Africa (Suidwes-Afrika; Zuidwest-Afrika; Südwestafrika) was the name for modern-day Namibia when it was subsumed under South Africa, from 1915 to 1990.
The Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of Saint John of Jerusalem, of Rhodes and of Malta (Supremus Ordo Militaris Hospitalis Sancti Ioannis Hierosolymitani Rhodius et Melitensis), also known as the Sovereign Military Order of Malta (SMOM) or the Order of Malta, is a Catholic lay religious order traditionally of military, chivalrous and noble nature.
Sovereignty is the full right and power of a governing body over itself, without any interference from outside sources or bodies.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.
Spanish Sahara (Sahara Español; الصحراء الإسبانية As-Sahrā'a Al-Isbānīyah), officially the Overseas Province of the Spanish Sahara, was the name used for the modern territory of Western Sahara when it was occupied and ruled as a territory by Spain between 1884 and 1975.
Split (see other names) is the second-largest city of Croatia and the largest city of the region of Dalmatia. It lies on the eastern shore of the Adriatic Sea and is spread over a central peninsula and its surroundings. An intraregional transport hub and popular tourist destination, the city is linked to the Adriatic islands and the Apennine peninsula. Home to Diocletian's Palace, built for the Roman emperor in 305 CE, the city was founded as the Greek colony of Aspálathos (Aσπάλαθος) in the 3rd or 2nd century BC. It became a prominent settlement around 650 CE when it succeeded the ancient capital of the Roman province of Dalmatia, Salona. After the Sack of Salona by the Avars and Slavs, the fortified Palace of Diocletian was settled by the Roman refugees. Split became a Byzantine city, to later gradually drift into the sphere of the Republic of Venice and the Kingdom of Croatia, with the Byzantines retaining nominal suzerainty. For much of the High and Late Middle Ages, Split enjoyed autonomy as a free city, caught in the middle of a struggle between Venice and the King of Hungary for control over the Dalmatian cities. Venice eventually prevailed and during the early modern period Split remained a Venetian city, a heavily fortified outpost surrounded by Ottoman territory. Its hinterland was won from the Ottomans in the Morean War of 1699, and in 1797, as Venice fell to Napoleon, the Treaty of Campo Formio rendered the city to the Habsburg Monarchy. In 1805, the Peace of Pressburg added it to the Napoleonic Kingdom of Italy and in 1806 it was included in the French Empire, becoming part of the Illyrian Provinces in 1809. After being occupied in 1813, it was eventually granted to the Austrian Empire following the Congress of Vienna, where the city remained a part of the Austrian Kingdom of Dalmatia until the fall of Austria-Hungary in 1918 and the formation of Yugoslavia. In World War II, the city was annexed by Italy, then liberated by the Partisans after the Italian capitulation in 1943. It was then re-occupied by Germany, which granted it to its puppet Independent State of Croatia. The city was liberated again by the Partisans in 1944, and was included in the post-war Socialist Yugoslavia, as part of its republic of Croatia. In 1991, Croatia seceded from Yugoslavia amid the Croatian War of Independence.
Steinstücken, a small settlement with approximately 200 inhabitants, is the southernmost territory of the Berlin borough of Steglitz-Zehlendorf, belonging to Wannsee.
The Straits of Mackinac is a series of narrow waterways in the U.S. state of Michigan, between Michigan's Lower and Upper Peninsulas.
Suleyman Shah (سلیمان شاه; Modern Süleyman Şah) was, according to Ottoman tradition, the son of Kaya Alp and the father of Ertuğrul, who was, in turn, the father of Osman I, the founder of the Ottoman Empire.
Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe (SHAPE) is the headquarters of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization's Allied Command Operations (ACO).
Suriname (also spelled Surinam), officially known as the Republic of Suriname (Republiek Suriname), is a sovereign state on the northeastern Atlantic coast of South America.
Sweden (Sverige), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe.
Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a sovereign state in Europe.
Syria (سوريا), officially known as the Syrian Arab Republic (الجمهورية العربية السورية), is a country in Western Asia, bordering Lebanon and the Mediterranean Sea to the west, Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east, Jordan to the south, and Israel to the southwest.
The Székely Land (Szeklerland) is a region of central Romania.
The Székely Land or Szeklerland (Székelyföld,; Ținutul Secuiesc (also Secuimea); Szeklerland; Terra Siculorum)James Minahan,, Greenwood Publishing Group, 2002, p. 1810 is a historic and ethnographic area in Romania, inhabited mainly by Hungarians.
The Székelys, sometimes also referred to as Szeklers (székelyek, Secui, Szekler, Siculi), are a subgroup of the Hungarian people living mostly in the Székely Land in Romania.
Szczecin (German and Swedish Stettin), known also by other alternative names) is the capital and largest city of the West Pomeranian Voivodeship in Poland. Located near the Baltic Sea and the German border, it is a major seaport and Poland's seventh-largest city. As of June 2011, the population was 407,811. Szczecin is located on the Oder, south of the Szczecin Lagoon and the Bay of Pomerania. The city is situated along the southwestern shore of Dąbie Lake, on both sides of the Oder and on several large islands between the western and eastern branches of the river. Szczecin is adjacent to the town of Police and is the urban centre of the Szczecin agglomeration, an extended metropolitan area that includes communities in the German states of Brandenburg and Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. The city's recorded history began in the 8th century as a Slavic Pomeranian stronghold, built at the site of the Ducal castle. In the 12th century, when Szczecin had become one of Pomerania's main urban centres, it lost its independence to Piast Poland, the Duchy of Saxony, the Holy Roman Empire and Denmark. At the same time, the House of Griffins established themselves as local rulers and the population was Christianized. After the Treaty of Stettin in 1630, the town came under the control of the Swedish Empire and became in 1648 the Capital of Swedish Pomerania until 1720, when it was acquired by the Kingdom of Prussia and then the German Empire. Following World War II Stettin became part of Poland, resulting in expulsion of the German population. Szczecin is the administrative and industrial centre of West Pomeranian Voivodeship and is the site of the University of Szczecin, Pomeranian Medical University, Maritime University, West Pomeranian University of Technology, Szczecin Art Academy, and the see of the Szczecin-Kamień Catholic Archdiocese. From 1999 onwards, Szczecin has served as the site of the headquarters of NATO's Multinational Corps Northeast. Szczecin was a candidate for the European Capital of Culture in 2016.
Tamil Nadu (• tamiḻ nāḍu ? literally 'The Land of Tamils' or 'Tamil Country') is one of the 29 states of India.
Tanjong Pagar railway station (Stesen Keretapi Tanjong Pagar;; தஞ்சோங் பகார் ரயில் நிலையம்), also called Singapore railway station (Stesen Keretapi Singapura;; சிங்கப்பூர் ரயில் நிலையம்) or Keppel Road railway station, is a former railway station located at 30 Keppel Road in Singapore.
Temburong is the easternmost district (daerah) in Brunei.
Tete is the capital city of Tete Province in Mozambique.
The Tiwintza detachment (also known as the Tiwinza detachment or Falso Tiwinza) was an Ecuadorian military outpost involved in the Cenepa War in Peruvian territory, between Ecuador and Peru in 1995.
The Tomb of Suleyman Shah (Süleyman Şah Türbesi) is, according to Ottoman tradition, the grave (tomb, mausoleum) housing the relics of Suleyman Shah (c. 1178–1236), grandfather of Osman I (d. 1323/4), the founder of the Ottoman Empire.
Tony Horwitz (born June 9, 1958) is an American journalist and author who won the 1995 Pulitzer Prize for National Reporting.
In mathematics, topology (from the Greek τόπος, place, and λόγος, study) is concerned with the properties of space that are preserved under continuous deformations, such as stretching, crumpling and bending, but not tearing or gluing.
Tornio (official name: Tornion kaupunki; in Duortnus; in Torneå) is a city and municipality in Lapland, Finland.
The Basel tramway network (Basler Strassenbahn-Netz) is a network of tramways forming part of the public transport system in Basel, Switzerland, and the Swiss part of its agglomeration.
The Trans-Gambia Highway is the most important road in The Gambia, running across the centre of the nation in a north-south direction.
A transcontinental railroad is a contiguous network of railroad trackage that crosses a continental land mass with terminals at different oceans or continental borders.
Transylvania is a historical region in today's central Romania.
The Transylvanian Saxons (Siebenbürger Sachsen; Transylvanian Saxon: Siweberjer Såksen; Sași ardeleni, sași transilvăneni; Erdélyi szászok) are a people of German ethnicity who settled in Transylvania (Siebenbürgen) from the mid 12th century until the late Modern Age (specifically mid 19th century).
The Ankara Agreement (or the Accord of Ankara; Franklin-Bouillon Agreement; Franco-Turkish Agreement of Ankara, Turkish: Ankara Anlaşması French: Traité d'Ankara) was signed on 20 October 1921"Ankara, Treaty of" in The New Encyclopædia Britannica.
The Treaty of Peace and Friendship of 1904 between Chile and Bolivia was signed in Santiago de Chile on October 20, 1904, in order to delineate the boundary through 96 specified points between Cerro Zapaleri and Cerro Chipe and to regulate the relations between the two countries 20 years after the end of the War of the Pacific.
The Treaty of Trianon was the peace agreement of 1920 that formally ended World War I between most of the Allies of World War I and the Kingdom of Hungary, the latter being one of the successor states to Austria-Hungary.
The Treaty of Versailles (Traité de Versailles) was the most important of the peace treaties that brought World War I to an end.
Tribal sovereignty in the United States is the concept of the inherent authority of indigenous tribes to govern themselves within the borders of the United States.
Tripoli (طرابلس,; Berber: Oea, or Wy't) is the capital city and the largest city of Libya, with a population of about 1.1 million people in 2015.
Turkey (Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti), is a transcontinental country in Eurasia, mainly in Anatolia in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.
The Twelve-Mile Circle is an approximately circular arc which forms most of the boundary between the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and the State of Delaware in the United States.
U-boat is an anglicised version of the German word U-Boot, a shortening of Unterseeboot, literally "undersea boat".
U.S. Route 13 (US 13) is a north–south U.S. highway established in 1926 that runs for from Interstate 95 just north of Fayetteville, North Carolina to the northeastern suburbs of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in Morrisville.
U.S. Route 220 (US 220) is a north–south U.S. Route in the eastern United States.
Ukraine (Ukrayina), sometimes called the Ukraine, is a sovereign state in Eastern Europe, bordered by Russia to the east and northeast; Belarus to the northwest; Poland, Hungary, and Slovakia to the west; Romania and Moldova to the southwest; and the Black Sea and Sea of Azov to the south and southeast, respectively.
The Union Jack, or Union Flag, is the national flag of the United Kingdom.
The Union of South Africa (Unie van Zuid-Afrika, Unie van Suid-Afrika) is the historic predecessor to the present-day Republic of South Africa.
The United Arab Emirates (UAE; دولة الإمارات العربية المتحدة), sometimes simply called the Emirates (الإمارات), is a federal absolute monarchy sovereign state in Western Asia at the southeast end of the Arabian Peninsula on the Persian Gulf, bordering Oman to the east and Saudi Arabia to the south, as well as sharing maritime borders with Qatar to the west and Iran to the north.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.
The United Nations Office at Geneva (UNOG) is the second-largest of the four major office sites of the United Nations (second to the United Nations Headquarters in New York City).
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The Upper Peninsula (UP), also known as Upper Michigan, is the northern of the two major peninsulas that make up the U.S. state of Michigan.
Utrecht is a city and municipality in the Netherlands, capital and most populous city of the province of Utrecht.
Uttar Pradesh (IAST: Uttar Pradeś) is a state in northern India.
Valréas is a commune in the Vaucluse department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France.
Varnsdorf (Warnsdorf, Upper Sorbian: Warnoćicy) is a town in the Ústí nad Labem Region of the Czech Republic, with a population of around 16,000.
Vatican City (Città del Vaticano; Civitas Vaticana), officially the Vatican City State or the State of Vatican City (Stato della Città del Vaticano; Status Civitatis Vaticanae), is an independent state located within the city of Rome.
The Vaucluse (Vauclusa in classical norm or Vau-Cluso in Mistralian norm) is a department in the southeast of France, named after the famous spring the Fontaine de Vaucluse.
Veľký Krtíš (before 1927 Veľký Krtýš, Nagykürtös) is a town in southern Slovakia, situated in the historical Novohrad region.
The Vennbahn ("Fen Railway") is a former railway line that was built partly across what was then German territory by the Prussian state railways.
Ventimiglia (Ventimiglia, Intemelio:, Genoese: Vintimiggia, Vintimille, Ventemilha) is a city, comune (municipality) and bishopric in Liguria, northern Italy, in the province of Imperia.
Vermont is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
Victor Marie Hugo (26 February 1802 – 22 May 1885) was a French poet, novelist, and dramatist of the Romantic movement.
Villa del Priorato di Malta or Magistral Villa, located on the Aventine Hill in Rome, is one of the two institutional seats of the government of the Sovereign Order of Malta.
Virginia (officially the Commonwealth of Virginia) is a state in the Southeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States located between the Atlantic Coast and the Appalachian Mountains.
Vorarlberg is the westernmost federal state (Bundesland) of Austria.
Vorozhba is a city in Bilopillia Raion, Sumy Oblast, Ukraine.
Vrancea is a county (județ) in Romania, with its seat at Focșani.
Waldshut-Tiengen is a city in southwestern Baden-Württemberg right at the Swiss border.
Walvis Bay (Afrikaans Walvisbaai, German Walfischbucht or Walfischbai, all meaning "Whale Bay") is a city in Namibia and the name of the bay on which it lies.
Washington, officially the State of Washington, is a state in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States.
West Bengal (Paśchimbāṅga) is an Indian state, located in Eastern India on the Bay of Bengal.
West Berlin (Berlin (West) or colloquially West-Berlin) was a political enclave which comprised the western part of Berlin during the years of the Cold War.
West Hollywood, occasionally referred to locally as WeHo, is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States.
West Pakistan (مغربی پاکستان,; পশ্চিম পাকিস্তান) was one of the two exclaves created at the formation of the modern State of Pakistan following the 1947 Partition of India.
Westchester County Airport is a county-owned airport in Westchester County, New York, three miles (6 km) northeast of the central business district of White Plains, in the towns of Harrison, North Castle and Rye.
Western Sahara (الصحراء الغربية, Taneẓroft Tutrimt, Spanish and French: Sahara Occidental) is a disputed territory in the Maghreb region of North Africa, partially controlled by the self-proclaimed Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic and partially Moroccan-occupied, bordered by Morocco proper to the north, Algeria to the northeast, Mauritania to the east and south, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west.
Whatcom County is a county located in the U.S. state of Washington.
Wisconsin is a U.S. state located in the north-central United States, in the Midwest and Great Lakes regions.
Woodlands Train Checkpoint (abbreviated as WTCP, also known as Woodlands CIQ) is a railway station and border checkpoint in Woodlands, Singapore.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Yana is a town in Northern Province of Sierra Leone, near the border with Guinea.
Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija/Југославија; Jugoslavija; Југославија; Pannonian Rusyn: Югославия, transcr. Juhoslavija)Jugosllavia; Jugoszlávia; Juhoslávia; Iugoslavia; Jugoslávie; Iugoslavia; Yugoslavya; Югославия, transcr. Jugoslavija.
Zambia, officially the Republic of Zambia, is a landlocked country in south-central Africa, (although some sources prefer to consider it part of the region of east Africa) neighbouring the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north, Tanzania to the north-east, Malawi to the east, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana and Namibia to the south, and Angola to the west.
Zittau (Žitava, Żytawa, Žitawa) is a city in the south east of the Free State of Saxony, Germany, very close to the border tri-point of Germany, Poland, and the Czech Republic.
Zonguldak is a city and the capital of Zonguldak Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey.
Coastal fragments, Counter-enclave, Detached part, Enclave, Enclave and Exclave, Enclave or exclave, Enclaves, Enclaves and exclaves, Exclave, Exclave and enclave, Exclaves, Hole in the donut, Hole-in-the-donut, Inaccessible district, Pene-enclave, Pene-exclave, Practical enclave, Practical exclave.