36 relations: Acknowledgement (data networks), ARPANET, Automatic repeat request, BBN Technologies, Checksum, Computer network, CYCLADES, Data terminal equipment, Datagram, David D. Clark, David P. Reed, Donald Davies, Gateway (telecommunications), Host (network), Interface Message Processor, Internet Protocol, IPv4, IPv4 address exhaustion, IPv6, Jerry Saltzer, Latency (engineering), Local area network, Louis Pouzin, MAC address, Marginal cost, Net neutrality, Network address translation, Network Control Program, Network planning and design, Packet switching, Paul Baran, Process (computing), Retransmission (data networks), Router (computing), Throughput, Transmission Control Protocol.
In data networking, telecommunications, and computer buses, an acknowledgement (ACK) is a signal passed between communicating processes, computers, or devices to signify acknowledgement, or receipt of message, as part of a communications protocol.
The Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET) was an early packet switching network and the first network to implement the protocol suite TCP/IP.
Automatic repeat request (ARQ), also known as automatic repeat query, is an error-control method for data transmission that uses acknowledgements (messages sent by the receiver indicating that it has correctly received a data frame or packet) and timeouts (specified periods of time allowed to elapse before an acknowledgment is to be received) to achieve reliable data transmission over an unreliable service.
BBN Technologies (originally Bolt, Beranek and Newman) is an American high-technology company which provides research and development services.
A checksum is a small-sized datum derived from a block of digital data for the purpose of detecting errors which may have been introduced during its transmission or storage.
A computer network, or data network, is a digital telecommunications network which allows nodes to share resources.
The CYCLADES computer network was a French research network created in the early 1970s.
Data terminal equipment (DTE) is an end instrument that converts user information into signals or reconverts received signals.
A datagram is a basic transfer unit associated with a packet-switched network.
David Dana "Dave" Clark (born April 7, 1944) is an American computer scientist and Internet pioneer who has been involved with Internet developments since the mid-1970s.
David Patrick Reed (born January 31, 1952) is an American computer scientist, educated at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, known for a number of significant contributions to computer networking and wireless communications networks.
Donald Watts Davies, CBE, FRS (7 June 1924 – 28 May 2000) was a Welsh computer scientist who was employed at the UK National Physical Laboratory (NPL).
A gateway is the piece of networking hardware used in telecommunications via communications networks that allows data to flow from one discrete network to another.
A network host is a computer or other device connected to a computer network.
The Interface Message Processor (IMP) was the packet switching node used to interconnect participant networks to the ARPANET from the late 1960s to 1989.
The Internet Protocol (IP) is the principal communications protocol in the Internet protocol suite for relaying datagrams across network boundaries.
Internet Protocol version 4 (IPv4) is the fourth version of the Internet Protocol (IP).
IPv4 address exhaustion is the depletion of the pool of unallocated IPv4 addresses.
Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) is the most recent version of the Internet Protocol (IP), the communications protocol that provides an identification and location system for computers on networks and routes traffic across the Internet.
Jerome Howard "Jerry" Saltzer (born October 9, 1939) is a computer scientist.
Latency is a time interval between the stimulation and response, or, from a more general point of view, a time delay between the cause and the effect of some physical change in the system being observed.
A local area network (LAN) is a computer network that interconnects computers within a limited area such as a residence, school, laboratory, university campus or office building.
Louis Pouzin (born 1931 in Chantenay-Saint-Imbert, Nièvre, France) invented the datagram and designed an early packet communications network, CYCLADES.
A media access control address (MAC address) of a device is a unique identifier assigned to a network interface controller (NIC) for communications at the data link layer of a network segment.
In economics, marginal cost is the change in the opportunity cost that arises when the quantity produced is incremented by one unit, that is, it is the cost of producing one more unit of a good.
Net neutrality is the principle that Internet service providers treat all data on the Internet equally, and not discriminate or charge differently by user, content, website, platform, application, type of attached equipment, or method of communication.
Network address translation (NAT) is a method of remapping one IP address space into another by modifying network address information in the IP header of packets while they are in transit across a traffic routing device.
The Network Control Program (NCP) provided the middle layers of the protocol stack running on host computers of the ARPANET, the predecessor to the modern Internet.
Network planning and design is an iterative process, encompassing topological design, network-synthesis, and network-realization, and is aimed at ensuring that a new telecommunications network or service meets the needs of the subscriber and operator.
Packet switching is a method of grouping data which is transmitted over a digital network into packets which are made of a header and a payload.
Paul Baran (April 29, 1926 – March 26, 2011) was a Polish-born Jewish American engineer who was a pioneer in the development of computer networks.
In computing, a process is an instance of a computer program that is being executed.
Retransmission, essentially identical with Automatic repeat request (ARQ), is the resending of packets which have been either damaged or lost.
A router is a networking device that forwards data packets between computer networks.
In general terms, throughput is the maximum rate of production or the maximum rate at which something can be processed.
The Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) is one of the main protocols of the Internet protocol suite.