290 relations: Addax, African leopard, African penguin, African wild ass, African wild dog, Alabama cavefish, American bison, American crocodile, American paddlefish, Amsterdam albatross, Amur leopard, Animal, Anoa, Arabian leopard, Arakan forest turtle, ARKive, Asian arowana, Asian elephant, Asian golden cat, Asiatic cheetah, Asiatic lion, Association of Zoos and Aquariums, Aurochs, Australasian bittern, Axolotl, Baiji, Bald eagle, Bengal tiger, Biodiversity, Biodiversity action plan, Black rhinoceros, Black-bellied whistling duck, Blackfin cisco, Blue crane, Blue whale, Blue-and-yellow macaw, Blue-billed duck, Blue-eyed cockatoo, Blue-fronted lorikeet, Blue-headed macaw, Blue-listed, Blue-throated macaw, Bonobo, Bornean orangutan, Brazilian merganser, Brown bear, Brown rat, Brown spider monkey, Brown-throated sloth, California condor, ..., California grizzly bear, Canada goose, Cane toad, Cantor's giant softshell turtle, Caribbean monk seal, Caspian tiger, Cheetah, Chinese alligator, Chinese giant salamander, Clouded leopard, Cobthorn Trust, Common carp, Common chimpanzee, Common hill myna, Common wood pigeon, Conservation status, Conservation-reliant species, Construction, Critically endangered, Cross River gorilla, Dhole, Dingo, Dodo, Dominican green-and-yellow macaw, Dugong, Eastern cougar, Eastern lowland gorilla, Eastern wolf, Emperor goose, Emperor penguin, Endangered plants of Europe, Endangered Species Act of 1973, Endangered species recovery plan, Environmental law, Ethiopian wolf, Eurasian curlew, Eurasian magpie, Ex situ conservation, Extinction, Far Eastern curlew, Fish farming, Fishing cat, Flores crow, Florida panther, Fossa (animal), Freshwater crocodile, Galápagos tortoise, Gaur, Gene pool, Gharial, Giant otter, Giant panda, Golden hamster, Goliath frog, Gomphotaria, Government, Gray wolf, Grévy's zebra, Great auk, Great slaty woodpecker, Great white shark, Green sea turtle, Grey parrot, Grizzly bear, Guam flycatcher, Guam kingfisher, Guam rail, Habitat fragmentation, Hawaiian crow, Hawaiian honeycreeper conservation, Hawaiian monk seal, Hawksbill sea turtle, Hispid hare, Holocene extinction, House mouse, Humblot's heron, Humboldt penguin, Humpback whale, Hunting, Hyacinth macaw, Hybrid (biology), Iberian lynx, Ilish, Immunity (medical), Imperial woodpecker, In Situ Conservation in India, Indian pangolin, Indian peafowl, International Union for Conservation of Nature, Introduced species, IUCN Red List, Ivory-billed woodpecker, Jaguar, Japan, Japanese night heron, Javan tiger, Kemp's ridley sea turtle, Labrador duck, Land development, Larch Mountain salamander, Leadbeater's possum, Lear's macaw, Least-concern species, Lesser bilby, Lesser long-nosed bat, Lesser white-fronted goose, List of Chromista by conservation status, List of endangered amphibians, List of endangered animals in India, List of endangered arthropods, List of endangered birds, List of endangered fishes, List of endangered insects, List of endangered invertebrates, List of endangered mammals, List of endangered molluscs, List of endangered reptiles, List of endangered species in North America, List of fungi by conservation status, List of National Wildlife Refuges established for endangered species, Lists of IUCN Red List endangered species, Lists of organisms by population, Loggerhead sea turtle, Logging, Louisiana black bear, Magellanic penguin, Magpie goose, Malagasy pond heron, Malayan tapir, Mallard, Mandrill, Maned sloth, Maned wolf, Margay, Markhor, Mediterranean monk seal, Mexican wolf, Military macaw, Montserrat oriole, Mountain gorilla, Mountain zebra, Mute swan, NatureServe conservation status, Near-threatened species, Nene (bird), New Zealand quail, Northern hairy-nosed wombat, Northern white rhinoceros, Northwest African cheetah, Olive baboon, Overexploitation, Overfishing, Pallas's cat, Palm cockatoo, Pampas cat, Paraceratherium, Parasitism, Passenger pigeon, Père David's deer, Petroleum industry, Philippine crocodile, Plant, Poaching, Pollutant, Presidency of Barack Obama, Presidency of George W. 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The addax (Addax nasomaculatus), also known as the white antelope and the screwhorn antelope, is an antelope of the genus Addax, that lives in the Sahara desert.
The African leopard (Panthera pardus pardus) is the leopard nominate subspecies native to many countries in Africa.
The African penguin (Spheniscus demersus), also known as the jackass penguin and black-footed penguin, is a species of penguin, confined to southern African waters.
The African wild ass or African wild donkey (Equus africanus) is a wild member of the horse family, Equidae.
The African wild dog (Lycaon pictus), also known as African hunting dog, African painted dog, painted hunting dog, or painted wolf, is a canid native to Sub-Saharan Africa.
The Alabama cavefish (Speoplatyrhinus poulsoni), is a critically endangered species of amblyopsid cavefish found only in underground pools in Key Cave, located in northwestern Alabama, United States in the Key Cave National Wildlife Refuge.
The American bison or simply bison (Bison bison), also commonly known as the American buffalo or simply buffalo, is a North American species of bison that once roamed the grasslands of North America in massive herds.
The American crocodile (Crocodylus acutus) is a species of crocodilian found in the Neotropics.
The American paddlefish (Polyodon spathula) is a species of basal ray-finned fish closely related to sturgeons in the order Acipenseriformes.
The Amsterdam albatross or Amsterdam Island albatross, Diomedea amsterdamensis, is a huge albatross which breeds only on Amsterdam Island in the southern Indian Ocean.
The Amur leopard (Panthera pardus orientalis) is a leopard subspecies native to the Primorye region of southeastern Russia and the Jilin Province of northeast China.
Animals are multicellular eukaryotic organisms that form the biological kingdom Animalia.
Anoa, also known as midget buffalo and sapiutan, are a subgenus of Bubalus comprising two species native to Indonesia: the mountain anoa (Bubalus quarlesi) and the lowland anoa (Bubalus depressicornis).
The Arabian leopard (Panthera pardus nimr) is a leopard subspecies native to the Arabian Peninsula.
The Arakan forest turtle (Heosemys depressa) is a rare turtle species which lives only in the Arakan Hills of western Myanmar and the bordering Chittagong Hill Tracts of Bangladesh.
ARKive is a global initiative with the mission of "promoting the conservation of the world's threatened species, through the power of wildlife imagery", which it does by locating and gathering films, photographs and audio recordings of the world's species into a centralised digital archive.
The Asian arowana (Scleropages formosus) comprises several phenotypic varieties of freshwater fish distributed geographically across Southeast Asia.
The Asian elephant, or Asiatic elephant (Elephas maximus), is the only living species of the genus Elephas and is distributed in Southeast Asia, from India and Nepal in the west to Borneo in the south.
The Asian golden cat (Catopuma temminckii, syn. Pardofelis temminckii), also called the Asiatic golden cat and Temminck's cat, is a medium-sized wild cat of the northeastern Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia.
The Asiatic cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus venaticus), also known as Iranian cheetah, is a Critically Endangered cheetah subspecies surviving today only in Iran.
The Asiatic lion (Panthera leo leo) is a lion population in Gujarat, India.
The Association of Zoos and Aquariums (AZA), previously the American Zoo and Aquarium Association and originally the American Association of Zoological Parks and Aquariums), is a nonprofit organization founded in 1924 dedicated to the advancement of North American zoos and public aquariums in the areas of conservation, education, science, and recreation. The AZA is headquartered in Silver Spring, Maryland, United States.
The aurochs (or; pl. aurochs, or rarely aurochsen, aurochses), also known as urus or ure (Bos primigenius), is an extinct species of large wild cattle that inhabited Europe, Asia, and North Africa.
The Australasian bittern (Botaurus poiciloptilus), also known as the brown bittern or matuku hūrepo, is a large bird in the heron family Ardeidae.
The axolotl (from āxōlōtl) also known as a Mexican salamander (Ambystoma mexicanum) or a Mexican walking fish, is a neotenic salamander, closely related to the tiger salamander.
The baiji (Lipotes vexillifer, Lipotes meaning "left behind", vexillifer "flag bearer") is a functionally extinct species of freshwater dolphin formerly found only in the Yangtze River in China.
The bald eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus, from Greek ἅλς, hals "sea", αἰετός aietos "eagle", λευκός, leukos "white", κεφαλή, kephalē "head") is a bird of prey found in North America.
The Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) is the most numerous tiger subspecies in Asia, and was estimated at fewer than 2,500 individuals by 2011.
Biodiversity, a portmanteau of biological (life) and diversity, generally refers to the variety and variability of life on Earth.
A biodiversity action plan (BAP) is an internationally recognized program addressing threatened species and habitats and is designed to protect and restore biological systems.
The black rhinoceros or hook-lipped rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis) is a species of rhinoceros, native to eastern and southern Africa including Botswana, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.
The black-bellied whistling duck (Dendrocygna autumnalis), formerly also called black-bellied tree duck, is a whistling duck that breeds from the southernmost United States and tropical Central to south-central South America.
The blackfin cisco (Coregonus nigripinnis) was a North American salmonid fish in the freshwater whitefish sub-family Coregoninae.
The blue crane (Grus paradisea), also known as the Stanley crane and the paradise crane, is the national bird of South Africa.
The blue whale (Balaenoptera musculus) is a marine mammal belonging to the baleen whale parvorder, Mysticeti.
The blue-and-yellow macaw (Ara ararauna), also known as the blue-and-gold macaw, is a large South American parrot with blue top parts and yellow under parts.
The blue-billed duck (Oxyura australis) is a small Australian stiff-tailed duck, with both the male and female growing to a length of 40 cm (16 in).
The blue-eyed cockatoo (Cacatua ophthalmica) is a large, approximately long, mainly white cockatoo with a mobile crest, a black beak, and a light blue rim of featherless skin around each eye, that gives this species its name.
The blue-fronted lorikeet (Charmosyna toxopei) also known as the Buru lorikeet, is a parrot endemic to the Indonesian island of Buru.
The blue-headed macaw or Coulon's macaw (Primolius couloni) is native to eastern Peru (except in north), north-western Bolivia (mainly in Pando), and far western Brazil (only in Acre).
Blue-listed species includes any indigenous species or subspecies (taxa) considered to be vulnerable in their locale.
The blue-throated macaw (Ara glaucogularis; previously Ara caninde), also known as the Caninde macaw or Wagler's macaw, is a macaw endemic to a small area of north-central Bolivia, known as Los Llanos de Moxos.
The bonobo (Pan paniscus), formerly called the pygmy chimpanzee and less often, the dwarf or gracile chimpanzee, is an endangered great ape and one of the two species making up the genus Pan; the other is Pan troglodytes, or the common chimpanzee.
The Bornean orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus) is a species of orangutan native to the island of Borneo.
The Brazilian merganser (Mergus octosetaceus) is a duck in the typical merganser genus.
The brown bear (Ursus arctos) is a bear that is found across much of northern Eurasia and North America.
The brown rat (Rattus norvegicus), also known as the common rat, street rat, sewer rat, Hanover rat, Norway rat, Norwegian rat, Parisian rat or wharf rat, is one of the best known and most common rats.
The brown spider monkey or variegated spider monkey (Ateles hybridus) is a critically endangered species of spider monkey, a type of New World monkey, from forests in northern Colombia and northwestern Venezuela.
The brown-throated sloth (Bradypus variegatus) is a species of three-toed sloth found in the neotropical ecozone.
The California condor (Gymnogyps californianus) is a New World vulture, the largest North American land bird.
The California grizzly bear (Ursus arctos californicus) is an extinct subspecies of the grizzly bear, the very large North American brown bear.
The Canada goose (Branta canadensis), also called the Canadian goose, is a large wild goose species with a black head and neck, white cheeks, white under its chin, and a brown body.
The cane toad (Rhinella marina), also known as the giant neotropical toad or marine toad, is a large, terrestrial true toad native to South and mainland Central America, but which has been introduced to various islands throughout Oceania and the Caribbean, as well as Northern Australia.
Cantor's giant softshell turtle or Asian giant softshell turtle (Pelochelys cantorii) is a species of freshwater turtle native to Southeast Asia.
The Caribbean monk seal, West Indian seal or sea wolf (as early explorers referred to it), Neomonachus tropicalis, was a species of seal native to the Caribbean and is now believed to be extinct.
The Caspian tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) is an extinct tiger population.
List |F. jubata Erxleben, 1777 |F. jubatus Schreber, 1775 |Felis guttata Hermann, 1804 |F. venatica Griffith, 1821 |Acinonyx venator Brookes, 1828 |F. fearonii Smith, 1834 |F. megaballa Heuglin, 1868 |C. jubatus Blanford, 1888 |Cynælurus jubata Mivart, 1900 |C. guttatus Hollister, 1911 --> The cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) is a large cat of the subfamily Felinae that occurs in Southern, North and East Africa, and a few localities in Iran. The species is IUCN Red Listed as vulnerable, as it suffered a substantial decline in its historic range in the 20th century due to habitat loss, poaching, illegal pet trade, and conflict with humans. By 2016, the global cheetah population has been estimated at approximately 7,100 individuals in the wild. Several African countries have taken steps to improve cheetah conservation measures. It is the fastest land animal. The only extant member of the genus Acinonyx, the cheetah was formally described by Johann Christian Daniel von Schreber in 1775. The cheetah is characterised by a slender body, deep chest, spotted coat, small rounded head, black tear-like streaks on the face, long thin legs and long spotted tail. Its lightly built, slender form is in sharp contrast with the robust build of the big cats, making it more similar to the cougar. The cheetah reaches nearly at the shoulder, and weighs. Though taller than the leopard, it is notably smaller than the lion. Typically yellowish tan or rufous to greyish white, the coat is uniformly covered with nearly 2,000 solid black spots. Cheetahs are active mainly during the day, with hunting their major activity. Adult males are sociable despite their territoriality, forming groups called coalitions. Females are not territorial; they may be solitary or live with their offspring in home ranges. Carnivores, cheetah mainly prey upon antelopes and gazelles. They will stalk their prey to within, charge towards it and kill it by tripping it during the chase and biting its throat to suffocate it to death. Cheetahs can reach speeds of in short bursts, but this is disputed by more recent measurements. The average speed of cheetahs is about. Cheetahs are induced ovulators, breeding throughout the year. Gestation is nearly three months long, resulting in a litter of typically three to five cubs (the number can vary from one to eight). Weaning occurs at six months; siblings tend to stay together for some time. Cheetah cubs face higher mortality than most other mammals, especially in the Serengeti region. Cheetahs inhabit a variety of habitatsdry forests, scrub forests and savannahs. Because of its prowess at hunting, the cheetah was tamed and used to kill game at hunts in the past. The animal has been widely depicted in art, literature, advertising and animation.
The Chinese alligator (Alligator sinensis) (yáng zǐ è), also known as the Yangtze alligator, is one of two known living species of Alligator and is the smaller of the two, a genus in the family Alligatoridae.
The Chinese giant salamander (Andrias davidianus) is the largest salamander and largest amphibian in the world, reaching a length of, although it rarely reaches that size today.
The clouded leopard (Neofelis nebulosa) is a wild cat occurring from the Himalayan foothills through mainland Southeast Asia into China.
The Cobthorn Trust is a private non-profit Trust that works on the conservation of commensal and food species, their related farm and wild species and their environments.
The common carp or European carp (Cyprinus carpio) is a widespread freshwater fish of eutrophic waters in lakes and large rivers in Europe and Asia.
The common chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes), also known as the robust chimpanzee, is a species of great ape.
The common hill myna (Gracula religiosa), sometimes spelled "mynah" and formerly simply known as hill myna, is the myna most commonly seen in aviculture, where it is often simply referred to by the latter two names.
The common wood pigeon (Columba palumbus) is a large species in the dove and pigeon family.
The conservation status of a group of organisms (for instance, a species) indicates whether the group still exists and how likely the group is to become extinct in the near future.
Conservation-reliant species are animal or plant species that require continuing species-specific wildlife management intervention such as predator control, habitat management and parasite control to survive, even when a self-sustainable recovery in population is achieved.
Construction is the process of constructing a building or infrastructure.
A critically endangered (CR) species is one which has been categorized by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) as facing an extremely high risk of extinction in the wild.
The Cross River gorilla (Gorilla gorilla diehli) is a subspecies of the western gorilla (Gorilla gorilla).
The dhole (Cuon alpinus) is a canid native to Central, South and Southeast Asia.
The dingo (Canis familiaris or Canis familiaris dingo or Canis lupus dingo or Canis dingo) is a type of feral dog native to Australia.
The dodo (Raphus cucullatus) is an extinct flightless bird that was endemic to the island of Mauritius, east of Madagascar in the Indian Ocean.
The Dominican green-and-yellow macaw, Atwood's macaw, or Dominican macaw (Ara atwoodi) is an extinct species of macaw that may have lived on the island of Dominica.
The dugong (Dugong dugon) is a medium-sized marine mammal.
Eastern cougar or eastern puma (Puma concolor couguar) refers to the extinct or extirpated population of cougars that once lived in northeastern North America, which some authorities have considered to be a subspecies.
The eastern lowland gorilla or Grauer's gorilla (Gorilla beringei graueri) is a subspecies of eastern gorilla endemic to the mountainous forests of eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo.
The eastern wolf (Canis lupus lycaon or Canis lycaon), also known as the Eastern Canadian wolf, Eastern Timber wolf, Eastern Canadian red wolf, Algonquin wolf or deer wolf,Thiel, R. P.
The emperor goose (Anser canagicus) is a species of goose.
The emperor penguin (Aptenodytes forsteri) is the tallest and heaviest of all living penguin species and is endemic to Antarctica.
The list below contains plants that dwell in or migrate to any region in Europe and any nearby islands of the Atlantic Ocean.
The Endangered Species Act of 1973 (ESA; 16 U.S.C. § 1531 et seq.) is one of the few dozens of US environmental laws passed in the 1970s, and serves as the enacting legislation to carry out the provisions outlined in The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES).
An endangered species recovery plan is a document describing the current status, threats and intended methods for increasing rare and endangered species population sizes.
Environmental law, also known as environmental and natural resources law, is a collective term describing the network of treaties, statutes, regulations, common and customary laws addressing the effects of human activity on the natural environment.
The Ethiopian wolf (Canis simensis) is a canid native to the Ethiopian Highlands.
The Eurasian curlew or common curlew (Numenius arquata) is a wader in the large family Scolopacidae.
The Eurasian magpie or common magpie (Pica pica) is a resident breeding bird throughout northern part of Eurasian continent.
Ex situ conservation literally means, "off-site conservation".
In biology, extinction is the termination of an organism or of a group of organisms (taxon), normally a species.
The Far Eastern curlew (Numenius madagascariensis) is a large shorebird most similar in appearance to the long-billed curlew, but slightly larger.
Fish farming or pisciculture involves raising fish commercially in tanks or enclosures such as fish ponds, usually for food.
The fishing cat (Prionailurus viverrinus) is a medium-sized wild cat of South and Southeast Asia.
The Flores crow (Corvus florensis) is a species of bird in the family Corvidae.
The Florida panther is an endangered population of the cougar (Puma concolor) that lives in pinelands, hardwood hammocks, and mixed swamp forests of South Florida in the United States.
The fossa (or; Malagasy; Cryptoprocta ferox) is a cat-like, carnivorous mammal endemic to Madagascar.
The freshwater crocodile (Crocodylus johnsoni or Crocodylus johnstoni; see below), also known as the Australian freshwater crocodile, Johnstone's crocodile or colloquially as freshie, is a species of crocodile endemic to the northern regions of Australia.
The Galápagos tortoise complex or Galápagos giant tortoise complex (Chelonoidis nigra and related species) are the largest living species of tortoise.
The gaur (Bos gaurus), also called the Indian bison, is the largest extant bovine.
The gene pool is the set of all genes, or genetic information, in any population, usually of a particular species.
The gharial (Gavialis gangeticus), also known as the gavial or fish-eating crocodile, is a crocodilian in the family Gavialidae, and is native to the northern part of the Indian Subcontinent.
The giant otter or giant river otter (Pteronura brasiliensis) is a South American carnivorous mammal.
The giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca, literally "black and white cat-foot";, literally "big bear cat"), also known as panda bear or simply panda, is a bear native to south central China.
The golden hamster or Syrian hamster (Mesocricetus auratus) is a rodent in the subfamily Cricetinae, the hamsters.
The goliath frog otherwise known as goliath bullfrog or giant slippery frog (Conraua goliath) is the largest living frog on Earth.
Gomphotaria pugnax (pugnacious wedge-seal) was a species of very large shellfish-eating dusignathine walrus found along the coast of what is now California, during the late Miocene.
A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, often a state.
The gray wolf (Canis lupus), also known as the timber wolf,Paquet, P. & Carbyn, L. W. (2003).
The Grévy's zebra (Equus grevyi), also known as the imperial zebra, is the largest living wild equid and the largest and most threatened of the three species of zebra, the other two being the plains zebra and the mountain zebra.
The great auk (Pinguinus impennis) is a species of flightless alcid that became extinct in the mid-19th century.
The great slaty woodpecker (Mulleripicus pulverulentus) is a species of bird in the family Picidae.
The great white shark (Carcharodon carcharias), commonly known as the great white or the white shark, is a species of large mackerel shark which can be found in the coastal surface waters of all the major oceans.
The green sea turtle (Chelonia mydas), also known as the green turtle, black (sea) turtle or Pacific green turtle, is a large sea turtle of the family Cheloniidae.
The grey parrot (Psittacus erithacus), also known as the Congo grey parrot or African grey parrot, is an Old World parrot in the family Psittacidae.
The grizzly bear (Ursus arctos ssp.) is a large population of the brown bear inhabiting North America.
The Guam flycatcher (Myiagra freycineti), or Guam broadbill, is an extinct species of bird in the family Monarchidae formerly endemic to Guam.
The Guam kingfisher (Todiramphus cinnamominus) is a species of kingfisher from the United States Territory of Guam.
The Guam rail (Gallirallus owstoni) (Chamorro name: ko'ko) is a species of flightless bird, endemic to the United States territory of Guam.
Habitat fragmentation describes the emergence of discontinuities (fragmentation) in an organism's preferred environment (habitat), causing population fragmentation and ecosystem decay.
The Hawaiian crow or alalā (Corvus hawaiiensis) is a species of bird in the crow family, Corvidae, that is currently extinct in the wild, though reintroduction programs are underway.
Hawaiian honeycreepers (Fringillidae), of the subfamily Carduelinae, were once quite abundant in all forests throughout Hawai'i.
The Hawaiian monk seal, Neomonachus schauinslandi (formerly Monachus schauinslandi), is an endangered species of earless seal in the family Phocidae that is endemic to the Hawaiian Islands.
The hawksbill sea turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata) is a critically endangered sea turtle belonging to the family Cheloniidae.
The hispid hare (Caprolagus hispidus), also called Assam rabbit and Bristly rabbit, is a leporid native to South Asia, whose historic range extended along the southern foothills of the Himalayas.
The Holocene extinction, otherwise referred to as the Sixth extinction or Anthropocene extinction, is the ongoing extinction event of species during the present Holocene epoch, mainly as a result of human activity.
The house mouse (Mus musculus) is a small mammal of the order Rodentia, characteristically having a pointed snout, small rounded ears, and a long naked or almost hairless tail.
Humblot's heron (Ardea humbloti), also known as the Madagascar heron, is a species of heron.
The Humboldt penguin (Spheniscus humboldti) (also termed Peruvian penguin, or patranca) is a South American penguin that breeds in coastal Chile and Peru.
The humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae) is a species of baleen whale.
Hunting is the practice of killing or trapping animals, or pursuing or tracking them with the intent of doing so.
The hyacinth macaw (Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus), or hyacinthine macaw, is a parrot native to central and eastern South America.
In biology, a hybrid, or crossbreed, is the result of combining the qualities of two organisms of different breeds, varieties, species or genera through sexual reproduction.
The Iberian lynx (Lynx pardinus) is a wild cat species native to the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe that is listed as Endangered on the IUCN Red List.
Tenualosa ilisha (ilish, hilsa, hilsa herring "ইলিশ" in Bangla, or hilsa shad) is a species of fish related to the herring, in the Clupeidae family.
In biology, immunity is the balanced state of multicellular organisms having adequate biological defenses to fight infection, disease, or other unwanted biological invasion, while having adequate tolerance to avoid allergy, and autoimmune diseases.
The imperial woodpecker (Campephilus imperialis) is a species of bird, a member of the woodpecker family Picidae.
In-situ conservation is the on-site conservation or the conservation of genetic resources in natural populations of plant or animal species, such as forest genetic resources in natural populations of Teagan species.
The Indian pangolin, thick-tailed pangolin, or scaly anteater (Manis crassicaudata) is a pangolin found on the Indian subcontinent.
The Indian peafowl or blue peafowl (Pavo cristatus), a large and brightly coloured bird, is a species of peafowl native to South Asia, but introduced in many other parts of the world.
The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN; officially International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources) is an international organization working in the field of nature conservation and sustainable use of natural resources.
An introduced species (alien species, exotic species, non-indigenous species, or non-native species) is a species living outside its native distributional range, which has arrived there by human activity, either deliberate or accidental.
The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (also known as the IUCN Red List or Red Data List), founded in 1964, has evolved to become the world's most comprehensive inventory of the global conservation status of biological species.
The ivory-billed woodpecker (Campephilus principalis) is one of the largest woodpeckers in the world, at roughly long and in wingspan.
The jaguar (Panthera onca) is a wild cat species and the only extant member of the genus Panthera native to the Americas.
Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.
The Japanese night heron (Gorsachius goisagi) is a species of night heron found in East Asia.
The Javan tiger (Panthera tigris sondaica) is an extinct tiger population that lived in the Indonesian island of Java until the mid 1970s.
Kemp's ridley sea turtle (Lepidochelys kempii), or the Atlantic ridley sea turtle, is the rarest species of sea turtle and is critically endangered.
The Labrador duck (Camptorhynchus labradorius) was a North American bird; it has the distinction of being the first endemic North American bird species to become extinct after the Columbian Exchange, with the last known sighting occurring in 1878 in Elmira, New York.
Land development is altering the landscape in any number of ways such as.
The Larch Mountain salamander (Plethodon larselli) is a species of salamander in the family Plethodontidae endemic to the United States.
The Leadbeater's possum (Gymnobelideus leadbeateri) is a critically endangered possum largely restricted to small pockets of alpine ash, mountain ash, and snow gum forests in the Central Highlands of Victoria, Australia, north-east of Melbourne.
Lear's macaw (Anodorhynchus leari), also known as the indigo macaw, is a large all-blue Brazilian parrot, a member of a large group of neotropical parrots known as macaws.
A least concern (LC) species is a species which has been categorized by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) as evaluated but not qualified for any other category.
The lesser bilby (Macrotis leucura), also known as the yallara, the lesser rabbit-eared bandicoot or the white-tailed rabbit-eared bandicoot, was a rabbit-like marsupial.
The lesser long-nosed bat (Leptonycteris yerbabuenae) is a medium-sized bat found in Central and North America.
The lesser white-fronted goose (Anser erythropus) is a goose closely related to the larger white-fronted goose (A. albifrons).
, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has evaluated the conservation status of 15 species within Chromista.
As of September 2016, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) lists 848 endangered amphibian species.
Actually to the Red Data List of International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), there are 48 critically endangered species in India.
As of July 2016, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) lists 616 endangered arthropod species.
As of September 2016, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) lists 416 endangered avian species.
As of September 2016, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) lists 643 endangered fish species.
As of July 2017, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) lists 343 endangered insect species.
As of July 2016, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) lists 1163 endangered invertebrate species.
As of September 2016, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) lists 474 endangered mammalian species.
As of September 2016, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) lists 507 endangered mollusc species.
As of September 2016, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) lists 382 endangered reptile species.
As of November 1, 2009, the United States Fish and Wildlife Service listed approximately 1,200 animals and 750 plants as endangered or threatened in North America.
, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has evaluated the conservation status of 56 fungus species.
This is a list of National Wildlife Refuges (NWR) established specifically for the protection of one or more endangered species.
On 29 January 2010, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species identified 5220 (2754 Animalia, 1 Fungi, 2464 Plantae, 1 Protista) endangered species, subspecies and varieties, stocks and sub-populations.
This is a collection of lists of organisms by their population.
The loggerhead sea turtle (Caretta caretta), or loggerhead, is an oceanic turtle distributed throughout the world.
Logging is the cutting, skidding, on-site processing, and loading of trees or logs onto trucks or skeleton cars.
The Louisiana black bear (Ursus americanus luteolus), one of 16 subspecies of the American black bear, is found in parts of Louisiana, mainly along the Mississippi River Valley and the Atchafalaya River Basin.
The Magellanic penguin (Spheniscus magellanicus) is a South American penguin, breeding in coastal Argentina, Chile and the Falkland Islands, with some migrating to Brazil where they are occasionally seen as far north as Rio de Janeiro.
The magpie goose (Anseranas semipalmata) is the sole living representative species of the family Anseranatidae.
The Malagasy pond heron (Ardeola idae) is a species of heron belonging to the Ardeidae family.
The Malayan tapir (Tapirus indicus), also called the Asian tapir, is the largest of the five species of tapir and the only one native to Asia.
The mallard (Anas platyrhynchos) is a dabbling duck that breeds throughout the temperate and subtropical Americas, Eurasia, and North Africa and has been introduced to New Zealand, Australia, Peru, Brazil, Uruguay, Argentina, Chile, Colombia, the Falkland Islands, and South Africa.
The mandrill (Mandrillus sphinx) is a primate of the Old World monkey (Cercopithecidae) family.
The maned sloth (Bradypus torquatus), also known as the ai, is a three-toed sloth that lives only in Brazil.
The maned wolf (Chrysocyon brachyurus) is the largest canid of South America.
The margay (Leopardus wiedii) is a small wild cat native to Central and South America.
The markhor (Capra falconeri; مرغومی marǧūmi; Persian/Urdu), also known as the screw horn goat, is a large species of wild goat that is found in northeastern Afghanistan, northern and central Pakistan, Northern India, southern Tajikistan, southern Uzbekistan and in the Himalayas.
The Mediterranean monk seal (Monachus monachus) is a monk seal belonging to the family Phocidae.
The Mexican wolf (Canis lupus baileyi), also known as the lobo, is a subspecies of gray wolf once native to southeastern Arizona, southern New Mexico, western Texas and northern Mexico.
The military macaw (Ara militaris) is a large parrot and a medium-sized macaw.
The Montserrat oriole (Icterus oberi) is a medium-sized black-and-yellow icterid (the same family as many blackbirds, meadowlarks, cowbirds, grackles, and others, including the New World orioles).
The mountain gorilla (Gorilla beringei beringei) is one of the two subspecies of the eastern gorilla.
The mountain zebra (Equus zebra) is a threatened species in the family Equidae.
The mute swan (Cygnus olor) is a species of swan and a member of the waterfowl family Anatidae.
The NatureServe conservation status system, maintained and presented by NatureServe in cooperation with the Natural Heritage Network, was developed in the United States in the 1980s by The Nature Conservancy (TNC) as a means for ranking or categorizing the relative imperilment of species of plants, animals, or other organisms, as well as natural ecological communities, on the global, national and/or subnational levels.
A near-threatened species is a species which has been categorized as "Near Threatened" (NT) by the International Union for Conservation of Nature as that may be considered threatened with extinction in the near future, although it does not currently qualify for the threatened status.
The nene (Branta sandvicensis), also known as nēnē and Hawaiian goose, is a species of goose endemic to the Hawaiian Islands.
The New Zealand quail (Coturnix novaezelandiae), or koreke (the Māori name), has been extinct since 1875.
The northern hairy-nosed wombat (Lasiorhinus krefftii) is one of three extant species of wombats.
The northern white rhinoceros, or northern square-lipped rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum cottoni), is one of two subspecies of the white rhinoceros (the other being the southern white rhinoceros).
The Northwest African cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus hecki), also known as the Saharan cheetah, is a cheetah subspecies native to the Sahara desert and the Sahel.
The olive baboon (Papio anubis), also called the Anubis baboon, is a member of the family Cercopithecidae (Old World monkeys).
Overexploitation, also called overharvesting, refers to harvesting a renewable resource to the point of diminishing returns.
Overfishing is the removal of a species of fish from a body of water at a rate that the species cannot replenish in time, resulting in those species either becoming depleted or very underpopulated in that given area.
The Pallas's cat (Otocolobus manul), also called the manul, is a small wild cat with a broad but fragmented distribution in the grasslands and montane steppes of Central Asia.
The palm cockatoo (Probosciger aterrimus), also known as the goliath cockatoo or great black cockatoo, is a large smoky-grey or black parrot of the cockatoo family native to New Guinea, Aru Islands, and Cape York Peninsula.
The Pampas cat (Leopardus colocola) is a small wild cat native to South America that is listed as Near Threatened on the IUCN Red List as habitat conversion and destruction may cause the population to decline in the future.
Paraceratherium is an extinct genus of hornless rhinoceros, and one of the largest terrestrial mammals that has ever existed.
In evolutionary biology, parasitism is a relationship between species, where one organism, the parasite, lives on or in another organism, the host, causing it some harm, and is adapted structurally to this way of life.
The passenger pigeon or wild pigeon (Ectopistes migratorius) is an extinct species of pigeon that was endemic to North America.
The Père David's deer (Elaphurus davidianus), also known as the milu or elaphure, is a species of deer that are mostly found in captivity.
The petroleum industry, also known as the oil industry or the oil patch, includes the global processes of exploration, extraction, refining, transporting (often by oil tankers and pipelines), and marketing of petroleum products.
The Philippine crocodile (Crocodylus mindorensis), also known as the Mindoro crocodile, the Philippine freshwater crocodile, the bukarot in Ilocano, and more generally as a buwaya in most Filipino lowland cultures, is one of two species of crocodiles found in the Philippines; the other is the larger saltwater crocodile (Crocodylus porosus).
Plants are mainly multicellular, predominantly photosynthetic eukaryotes of the kingdom Plantae.
Poaching has been defined as the illegal hunting or capturing of wild animals, usually associated with land use rights.
A pollutant is a substance or energy introduced into the environment that has undesired effects, or adversely affects the usefulness of a resource.
The presidency of Barack Obama began at noon EST on January 20, 2009, when Barack Obama was inaugurated as 44th President of the United States, and ended on January 20, 2017.
The presidency of George W. Bush began at noon EST on January 20, 2001, when George W. Bush was inaugurated as 43rd President of the United States, and ended on January 20, 2009.
The Przewalski's horse (Khalkha, takhi; Ak Kaba Tuvan: dagy; Equus przewalskii or Equus ferus przewalskii), also called the Mongolian wild horse or Dzungarian horse, is a rare and endangered horse native to the steppes of central Asia.
The purple-faced langur (Trachypithecus vetulus), also known as the purple-faced leaf monkey, is a species of Old World monkey that is endemic to Sri Lanka.
A rare species is a group of organisms that are very uncommon, scarce, or infrequently encountered.
Rück's blue flycatcher (Cyornis ruckii), also known as Rueck's blue-flycatcher or Rueck's niltava, is an old world flycatcher.
Red Data Book of the Russian Federation (RDBRF), also known as Red Book (Красная книга) or Russian Red Data Book is a state document established for documenting rare and endangered species of animals, plants and fungi, as well as some local subspecies (such as the Ladoga seal) that exist within the territory of the Russian Federation and its continental shelf and marine economic zone.
The red panda (Ailurus fulgens), also called the lesser panda, the red bear-cat, and the red cat-bear, is a mammal native to the eastern Himalayas and southwestern China.
The red wolf (Canis lupus rufus or Canis rufus) also known as the Florida black wolf or Mississippi Valley wolf,Glover, A. (1942),, American Committee for International Wild Life Protection, pp.
The red-billed quelea (Quelea quelea), also known as the red-billed weaver or red-billed dioch, is a small—approximately long and weighing —migratory, sparrow-like bird of the weaver family, Ploceidae, native to Sub-Saharan Africa.
The red-breasted goose (Branta ruficollis) is a brightly marked species of goose in the genus Branta from Eurasia.
The red-crowned crane (Grus japonensis), also called the Manchurian crane or Japanese crane (the Chinese character '丹' means 'red', '頂/顶' means 'crown' and '鶴/鹤' means 'crane'), is a large East Asian crane among the rarest cranes in the world.
The red-tailed hawk (Buteo jamaicensis) is a bird of prey that breeds throughout most of North America, from the interior of Alaska and northern Canada to as far south as Panama and the West Indies.
The red-throated lorikeet (Charmosyna amabilis) is a critically endangered lorikeet endemic to Fiji.
The reddish egret (Egretta rufescens) is a medium-sized heron.
The rock dove, IOC World Bird List, rock pigeon, or common pigeon (also; Columba livia) is a member of the bird family Columbidae (doves and pigeons).
Rothschild's giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis rothschildi) is a subspecies of the giraffe.
The saiga antelope (Saiga tatarica) is a critically endangered antelope that originally inhabited a vast area of the Eurasian steppe zone from the foothills of the Carpathian Mountains and Caucasus into Dzungaria and Mongolia.
The Salt Creek tiger beetle, Cicindela nevadica lincolniana, is a critically endangered subspecies of tiger beetle endemic to the saline wetlands of northern Lancaster County, Nebraska, adjacent to and immediately to the north of the city of Lincoln.
The saltwater crocodile (Crocodylus porosus), also known as the estuarine crocodile, Indo-Pacific crocodile, marine crocodile, sea crocodile or informally as saltie, is the largest of all living reptiles, as well as the largest riparian predator in the world.
The Schomburgk's deer (Rucervus schomburgki) was a member of the family Cervidae.
Science News is an American bi-weekly magazine devoted to short articles about new scientific and technical developments, typically gleaned from recent scientific and technical journals.
The scimitar oryx or scimitar-horned oryx (Oryx dammah), also known as the Sahara oryx, is a species of Oryx once widespread across North Africa which went extinct in the wild in 2000.
The sea otter (Enhydra lutris) is a marine mammal native to the coasts of the northern and eastern North Pacific Ocean.
Sea turtles (superfamily Chelonioidea), sometimes called marine turtles, are reptiles of the order Testudines.
The Siamese crocodile (Crocodylus siamensis) is a small to medium-sized freshwater crocodile native to Indonesia (Borneo and possibly Java), Brunei, East Malaysia, Laos, Cambodia, Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam.
The Siberian tiger (Panthera tigris tigris), also called Amur tiger, is a tiger population inhabiting mainly the Sikhote Alin mountain region in southwest Primorye Province in the Russian Far East.
The sloth bear (Melursus ursinus), also known as the labiated bear, is an insectivorous bear species native to the Indian subcontinent.
The snow leopard or ounce (Panthera uncia) is a large cat native to the mountain ranges of Central and South Asia.
The Socorro dove (Zenaida graysoni) is a dove that is extinct in the wild.
The solitary eagle or montane solitary eagle (Buteogallus solitarius) is a large Neotropical eagle.
The south Andean deer (Hippocamelus bisulcus), also known as the southern guemal, Chilean huemul or güemul, is an endangered species of deer native to the mountains of Argentina and Chile.
The South China tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) is a tiger population in the provinces of Fujian, Guangdong, Hunan, Jiangxi in southern China.
The southern bluefin tuna, Thunnus maccoyii, is a tuna of the family Scombridae found in open southern Hemisphere waters of all the world's oceans mainly between 30°S and 50°S, to nearly 60°S.
The southern elephant seal (Mirounga leonina) is one of the two species of elephant seals.
In biology, a species is the basic unit of classification and a taxonomic rank, as well as a unit of biodiversity, but it has proven difficult to find a satisfactory definition.
The American Species Survival Plan or SSP program was developed in 1981 by the (American) Association of Zoos and Aquariums to help ensure the survival of selected species in zoos and aquariums, most of which are threatened or endangered in the wild.
Spix's macaw (Cyanopsitta spixii), also known as the little blue macaw, is a macaw native to Brazil.
Steller's sea cow (Hydrodamalis gigas) is an extinct sirenian discovered by Europeans in 1741.
The striped hyena (Hyaena hyaena) is a species of hyena native to North and East Africa, the Middle East, the Caucasus, Central Asia and the Indian subcontinent.
The Sumatran orangutan (Pongo abelii) is one of the three species of orangutans.
The Sumatran rhinoceros, also known as the hairy rhinoceros or Asian two-horned rhinoceros (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis), is a rare member of the family Rhinocerotidae and one of five extant rhinoceroses.
The takin (Budorcas taxicolor), also called cattle chamois or gnu goat, is a goat-antelope found in the eastern Himalayas.
The Tasmanian devil (Sarcophilus harrisii) is a carnivorous marsupial of the family Dasyuridae.
The Independent is a British online newspaper.
The Last Paradises: On the Track of Rare Animals (in German Die letzen Paradiese) is the title of a German nature documentary from 1967.
Threatened species are any species (including animals, plants, fungi, etc.) which are vulnerable to endangerment in the near future.
The thylacine (or, also; Thylacinus cynocephalus) was the largest known carnivorous marsupial of modern times.
The tiger shark (Galeocerdo cuvier) is a species of requiem shark and the only extant member of the genus Galeocerdo.
The toolache wallaby or Grey's wallaby (Macropus greyi) is an extinct species of wallaby from southeastern South Australia and southwestern Victoria.
The toque macaque (Macaca sinica) is a reddish-brown-coloured Old World monkey endemic to Sri Lanka, where it is known as the rilewa or rilawa (Sinhala රිළවා), (hence "rillow" in the Oxford English Dictionary).
The Tristan albatross (Diomedea dabbenena) is a large seabird from the albatross family.
Turtle farming is the practice of raising turtles and tortoises of various species commercially.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
This is a list of the bird and mammal species and subspecies described as endangered by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service.
The vaquita (Phocoena sinus) is a species of porpoise endemic to the northern part of the Gulf of California that is on the brink of extinction.
The Venezuelan red howler (Alouatta seniculus) is a South American species of howler monkey, a type of New World monkey, found in the western Amazon Basin in Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Brazil.
The Vietnamese pheasant, or Vietnam fireback, was formerly considered a species of gallopheasant, Lophura hatinhensis, but is now considered a variant of Edward's pheasant.
The volcano rabbit (Romerolagus diazi), also known as teporingo or zacatuche, is a small rabbit that resides in the mountains of Mexico.
A vulnerable species is one which has been categorized by the International Union for Conservation of Nature as likely to become endangered unless the circumstances that are threatening its survival and reproduction improve.
The walrus (Odobenus rosmarus) is a large flippered marine mammal with a discontinuous distribution about the North Pole in the Arctic Ocean and subarctic seas of the Northern Hemisphere.
The western lowland gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) is one of two subspecies of the western gorilla (Gorilla gorilla) that lives in montane, primary and secondary forests and lowland swamps in central Africa in Angola, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea and Gabon.
The white eared pheasant (Crossoptilon crossoptilon) is a species of "eared pheasant" that get its name because its clouration is white and has the prominent ear tufts of the genus, not because it has white ears.
The white rhinoceros or square-lipped rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum) is the largest extant species of rhinoceros.
The white-eared night heron (Gorsachius magnificus) is a species of heron in the family Ardeidae.
The white-necked crow (Corvus leucognaphalus) is the largest (in length) of the four Caribbean crow species.
The whooping crane (Grus americana), the tallest North American bird, is an endangered crane species named for its whooping sound.
The wild Bactrian camel (Camelus ferus) is a critically endangered species of camel living in parts of northern China and southern Mongolia.
The wild water buffalo (Bubalus arnee), also called Asian buffalo, Asiatic buffalo and wild Asian buffalo, is a large bovine native to the Indian Subcontinent and Southeast Asia.
The wild yak (Bos mutus) is a large wild bovid native to the Himalayas.
The wolverine (also spelled wolverene), Gulo gulo (Gulo is Latin for "glutton"), also referred to as the glutton, carcajou, skunk bear, or quickhatch, is the largest land-dwelling species of the family Mustelidae.
The woolly mammoth (Mammuthus primigenius) is an extinct species of mammoth that lived during the Pleistocene epoch, and was one of the last in a line of mammoth species, beginning with Mammuthus subplanifrons in the early Pliocene.
The World Conference on Breeding Endangered Species in Captivity as an Aid to their Survival (WCBESCAS) is the world's first conference on captive breeding.
The World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) is an international non-governmental organization founded in 1961, working in the field of the wilderness preservation, and the reduction of human impact on the environment.
The Wyoming toad or Baxter's toad (Anaxyrus baxteri, formerly Bufo baxteri) is an extremely rare amphibian that exists only in captivity and within Mortenson Lake National Wildlife Refuge in Wyoming in the United States.
The yellow-headed amazon (Amazona oratrix), also known as the yellow-headed parrot and double yellow-headed amazon, is an endangered amazon parrot of Mexico and northern Central America.
Beiça, Endangered, Endangered Species, Endangered animal, Endangered animals, Endangered plant, Endangered specie, Endangered subspecies, Endangered wildlife, Protected plant, Protected species, Species endangerment.