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Index Endometriosis

Endometriosis is a condition in which the endometrium, the layer of tissue that normally covers the inside of the uterus, grows outside of it. [1]

147 relations: Ablation, Adenomyosis, Adhesion (medicine), Allergy, American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, American Society for Reproductive Medicine, Analgesic, Anastrozole, Angiogenesis, Angiogenesis inhibitor, Aromatase inhibitor, Autoimmune disease, Biomarker, Biopsy, Bloodletting, Body cavity, Brain, Brain tumor, CA-125, Caesarean section, Cancer, Carl von Rokitansky, Catamenial pneumothorax, CDKN2BAS, Central nervous system, Cervix, Childbirth, Chromosome 1, Chromosome 10, Chromosome 12, Chromosome 2, Chromosome 6, Chromosome 7, Chromosome 9, Clinical Global Impression, Combined oral contraceptive pill, Constipation, COX-2 inhibitor, Cutaneous endometriosis, Cytokine, Danazol, Decidualization, Demonic possession, Dienogest, Dioxin, Dopamine agonist, Douche, Dysmenorrhea, Dyspareunia, Dysuria, ..., Endometrial cancer, Endometrioma, Endometriosis and infertility, Endometrium, Endorphins, Endothelial progenitor cell, Endothelium, Epigenetics, Epithelium, Fallopian tube, Female genital mutilation, Fibromyalgia, Fibronectin, Gastrointestinal tract, Gene expression, Genome-wide association study, Genotyping, Gestrinone, Gland, Gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist, Gynaecology, H&E stain, Hemosiderin, Hippocratic Corpus, Hirsutism, Histopathology, Hormonal IUDs, Hysterectomy, Ibuprofen, ID4, Immune system, Immunotherapy, Imperforate hymen, In vitro, In vitro fertilisation, In vivo, Infertility, Influenza-like illness, Integrin beta 3, Interstitial cystitis, Irritable bowel syndrome, John A. Sampson, Laparoscopy, Leech, Letrozole, Ligament, Lung, Macrophage, Medical imaging, Medical ultrasound, Menarche, Menopause, Menstruation, Mesothelium, Metaplasia, MicroRNA, Morphine, Naproxen, Neuroangiogenesis, Non-Hodgkin lymphoma, Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, Opioid, Ovarian cancer, Ovary, Pain scale, Pathophysiology, Pelvic inflammatory disease, Pelvic pain, Pentoxifylline, Peritoneum, Phytochemical, Placebo, PPAR agonist, Pregnancy, Progesterone, Progestin, Quality of life, Radiofrequency ablation, Recto-uterine pouch, Rectum, Sexual intercourse, Skin, Statin, Stem cell, Straitjacket, Stroma (tissue), Swedish Agency for Health Technology Assessment and Assessment of Social Services, Thoracic endometriosis, Tight junction, Urinary bladder, Vagina, Vasculogenesis, VEZT, Visual analogue scale, Vulva, WNT4, Xenoestrogen. Expand index (97 more) »


Ablation is removal of material from the surface of an object by vaporization, chipping, or other erosive processes.

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Adenomyosis is a gynecologic medical condition characterized by the abnormal presence of endometrial tissue (the inner lining of the uterus) within the myometrium (the thick, muscular layer of the uterus).

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Adhesion (medicine)

Adhesions are fibrous bands that form between tissues and organs, often as a result of injury during surgery.

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Allergies, also known as allergic diseases, are a number of conditions caused by hypersensitivity of the immune system to typically harmless substances in the environment.

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American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists

The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists is a professional association of physicians specializing in obstetrics and gynecology in the United States.

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American Society for Reproductive Medicine

The American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM) is a multidisciplinary organization dedicated to the advancement of the science and practice of reproductive medicine.

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An analgesic or painkiller is any member of the group of drugs used to achieve analgesia, relief from pain.

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Anastrozole, sold under the brand name Arimidex among others, is a medication used in addition to other treatments for breast cancer.

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Angiogenesis is the physiological process through which new blood vessels form from pre-existing vessels.

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Angiogenesis inhibitor

An angiogenesis inhibitor is a substance that inhibits the growth of new blood vessels (angiogenesis).

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Aromatase inhibitor

Aromatase inhibitors (AIs) are a class of drugs used in the treatment of breast cancer in postmenopausal women and gynecomastia in men.

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Autoimmune disease

An autoimmune disease is a condition arising from an abnormal immune response to a normal body part.

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A biomarker, or biological marker, generally refers to a measurable indicator of some biological state or condition.

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A biopsy is a medical test commonly performed by a surgeon, interventional radiologist, or an interventional cardiologist involving extraction of sample cells or tissues for examination to determine the presence or extent of a disease.

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Bloodletting (or blood-letting) is the withdrawal of blood from a patient to prevent or cure illness and disease.

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Body cavity

A body cavity is any fluid-filled space in a multicellular organism other than those of vessels (such as blood vessels and lymph vessels).

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The brain is an organ that serves as the center of the nervous system in all vertebrate and most invertebrate animals.

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Brain tumor

A brain tumor occurs when abnormal cells form within the brain.

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CA-125 (cancer antigen 125, carcinoma antigen 125, or carbohydrate antigen 125) also known as mucin 16 or MUC16 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the MUC16 gene.

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Caesarean section

Caesarean section, also known as C-section or caesarean delivery, is the use of surgery to deliver one or more babies.

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Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body.

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Carl von Rokitansky

Baron Carl von Rokitansky (Carl Freiherr von Rokitansky, Karel Rokytanský) (19 February 1804 – 23 July 1878), was a Bohemian Physician, Pathologist, humanist philosopher and liberal politician.

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Catamenial pneumothorax

Catamenial pneumothorax is a condition of air leaking into the pleural space (pneumothorax) occurring in conjunction with menstrual periods (catamenial refers to menstruation), believed to be caused primarily by endometriosis of the pleura (the membrane surrounding the lung).

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CDKN2B-AS, also known as ANRIL (antisense non-coding RNA in the INK4 locus) is a long non-coding RNA consisting of 19 exons, spanning 126.3kb in the genome, and its spliced product is a 3834bp RNA.

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Central nervous system

The central nervous system (CNS) is the part of the nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord.

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The cervix or cervix uteri (neck of the uterus) is the lower part of the uterus in the human female reproductive system.

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Childbirth, also known as labour and delivery, is the ending of a pregnancy by one or more babies leaving a woman's uterus by vaginal passage or C-section.

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Chromosome 1

Chromosome 1 is the designation for the largest human chromosome.

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Chromosome 10

Chromosome 10 is one of the 23 pairs of chromosomes in humans.

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Chromosome 12

Chromosome 12 is one of the 23 pairs of chromosomes in humans.

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Chromosome 2

Chromosome 2 is one of the 23 pairs of chromosomes in humans.

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Chromosome 6

Chromosome 6 is one of the 23 pairs of chromosomes in humans.

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Chromosome 7

Chromosome 7 is one of the 23 pairs of chromosomes in humans.

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Chromosome 9

Chromosome 9 is one of the 23 pairs of chromosomes in humans.

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Clinical Global Impression

The Clinical Global Impression (CGI) rating scales are measures of symptom severity, treatment response and the efficacy of treatments in treatment studies of patients with mental disorders.

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Combined oral contraceptive pill

The combined oral contraceptive pill (COCP), often referred to as the birth control pill or colloquially as "the pill", is a type of birth control that is designed to be taken orally by women.

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Constipation refers to bowel movements that are infrequent or hard to pass.

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COX-2 inhibitor

Selective COX-2 inhibitors are a type of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that directly targets cyclooxygenase-2, COX-2, an enzyme responsible for inflammation and pain.

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Cutaneous endometriosis

Cutaneous endometriosis is characterized by the appearance of brownish papules at the umbilicus or in lower abdominal scars after gynecologic surgery in middle-aged women.

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Cytokines are a broad and loose category of small proteins (~5–20 kDa) that are important in cell signaling.

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Danazol, sold under the brand name Danocrine among others, is a medication which is used in the treatment of endometriosis, fibrocystic breast disease, hereditary angioedema, and other conditions.

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Decidualization is a process that results in significant changes to cells of the endometrium in preparation for, and during, pregnancy.

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Demonic possession

Demonic possession is believed by some, to be the process by which individuals are possessed by malevolent preternatural beings, commonly referred to as demons or devils.

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Dienogest, sold under the brand names Natazia and Qlaira among others, is a progestin medication which is used in birth control pills and in the treatment of endometriosis.

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Dioxin may refer to.

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Dopamine agonist

A dopamine receptor agonist is a compound that activates dopamine receptors.

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A douche is a device used to introduce a stream of water into the body for medical or hygienic reasons, or the stream of water itself.

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Dysmenorrhea, also known as painful periods, or menstrual cramps, is pain during menstruation.

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Dyspareunia is painful sexual intercourse due to medical or psychological causes.

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In medicine, specifically urology, dysuria refers to painful urination.

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Endometrial cancer

Endometrial cancer is a cancer that arises from the endometrium (the lining of the uterus or womb).

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Endometrioma is the presence of endometrial tissue in and sometimes on the ovary.

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Endometriosis and infertility

In endometriosis, there is a risk of female infertility of up to 30% to 50%.

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The endometrium is the inner epithelial layer, along with its mucous membrane, of the mammalian uterus.

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Endorphins (contracted from "endogenous morphine") are endogenous opioid neuropeptides and peptide hormones in humans and other animals.

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Endothelial progenitor cell

Endothelial progenitor cell (or EPC) is a term that has been applied to multiple different cell types that play roles in the regeneration of the endothelial lining of blood vessels.

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Endothelium refers to cells that line the interior surface of blood vessels and lymphatic vessels, forming an interface between circulating blood or lymph in the lumen and the rest of the vessel wall.

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Epigenetics is the study of heritable changes in gene function that do not involve changes in the DNA sequence.

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Epithelium is one of the four basic types of animal tissue, along with connective tissue, muscle tissue and nervous tissue.

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Fallopian tube

The Fallopian tubes, also known as uterine tubes or salpinges (singular salpinx), are two very fine tubes lined with ciliated epithelia, leading from the ovaries of female mammals into the uterus, via the uterotubal junction.

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Female genital mutilation

Female genital mutilation (FGM), also known as female genital cutting and female circumcision, is the ritual cutting or removal of some or all of the external female genitalia.

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Fibromyalgia (FM) is a medical condition characterised by chronic widespread pain and a heightened pain response to pressure.

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Fibronectin is a high-molecular weight (~440kDa) glycoprotein of the extracellular matrix that binds to membrane-spanning receptor proteins called integrins.

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Gastrointestinal tract

The gastrointestinal tract (digestive tract, digestional tract, GI tract, GIT, gut, or alimentary canal) is an organ system within humans and other animals which takes in food, digests it to extract and absorb energy and nutrients, and expels the remaining waste as feces.

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Gene expression

Gene expression is the process by which information from a gene is used in the synthesis of a functional gene product.

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Genome-wide association study

In genetics, a genome-wide association study (GWA study, or GWAS), also known as whole genome association study (WGA study, or WGAS), is an observational study of a genome-wide set of genetic variants in different individuals to see if any variant is associated with a trait.

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Genotyping is the process of determining differences in the genetic make-up (genotype) of an individual by examining the individual's DNA sequence using biological assays and comparing it to another individual's sequence or a reference sequence.

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Gestrinone, sold under the brand names Dimetrose and Nemestran among others, is a medication which is used in the treatment of endometriosis.

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A gland is a group of cells in an animal's body that synthesizes substances (such as hormones) for release into the bloodstream (endocrine gland) or into cavities inside the body or its outer surface (exocrine gland).

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Gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist

A gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRH agonist) is a type of medication which affects gonadotropins and sex hormones.

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Gynaecology or gynecology (see spelling differences) is the medical practice dealing with the health of the female reproductive systems (vagina, uterus, and ovaries) and the breasts.

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H&E stain

Hematoxylin and eosin stain or haematoxylin and eosin stain (H&E stain or HE stain) is one of the principal stains in histology.

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Hemosiderin image of a kidney viewed under a microscope. The brown areas represent hemosiderin Hemosiderin or haemosiderin is an iron-storage complex.

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Hippocratic Corpus

The Hippocratic Corpus (Latin: Corpus Hippocraticum), or Hippocratic Collection, is a collection of around 60 early Ancient Greek medical works strongly associated with the physician Hippocrates and his teachings.

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Hirsutism is excessive body hair in men and women on parts of the body where hair is normally absent or minimal, such as on the chin or chest in particular, or the face or body in general.

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Histopathology (compound of three Greek words: ἱστός histos "tissue", πάθος pathos "suffering", and -λογία -logia "study of") refers to the microscopic examination of tissue in order to study the manifestations of disease.

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Hormonal IUDs

Intrauterine device (IUD) with progestogen, sold under the brand name Mirena among others, is a intrauterine device that releases the hormone levonorgestrel.

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Hysterectomy is the surgical removal of the uterus.

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Ibuprofen is a medication in the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) class that is used for treating pain, fever, and inflammation.

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ID4 is a protein coding gene.

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Immune system

The immune system is a host defense system comprising many biological structures and processes within an organism that protects against disease.

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Immunotherapy is the "treatment of disease by inducing, enhancing, or suppressing an immune response".

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Imperforate hymen

An imperforate hymen is a congenital disorder where a hymen without an opening completely obstructs the vagina.

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In vitro

In vitro (meaning: in the glass) studies are performed with microorganisms, cells, or biological molecules outside their normal biological context.

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In vitro fertilisation

In vitro fertilisation (IVF) is a process of fertilisation where an egg is combined with sperm outside the body, in vitro ("in glass").

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In vivo

Studies that are in vivo (Latin for "within the living"; often not italicized in English) are those in which the effects of various biological entities are tested on whole, living organisms or cells, usually animals, including humans, and plants, as opposed to a tissue extract or dead organism.

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Infertility is the inability of a person, animal or plant to reproduce by natural means.

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Influenza-like illness

Influenza-like illness (ILI), also known as acute respiratory infection (ARI) and flu-like syndrome/symptoms, is a medical diagnosis of possible influenza or other illness causing a set of common symptoms.

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Integrin beta 3

Integrin beta-3 (β3) or CD61 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the ITGB3 gene.

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Interstitial cystitis

Interstitial cystitis (IC), also known as bladder pain syndrome (BPS), is a type of chronic pain that affects the bladder.

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Irritable bowel syndrome

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a group of symptoms—including abdominal pain and changes in the pattern of bowel movements without any evidence of underlying damage.

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John A. Sampson

John Albertson Sampson (August 17, 1873–December 23, 1946) was a gynecologist who studied endometriosis.

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Laparoscopy is an operation performed in the abdomen or pelvis through small incisions (usually 0.5–1.5 cm) with the aid of a camera.

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Leeches are segmented parasitic or predatory worm-like animals that belong to the phylum Annelida and comprise the subclass Hirudinea.

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Letrozole, sold under the brand name Femara among others, is an aromatase inhibitor which is used in the treatment of hormonally-responsive breast cancer after surgery.

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A ligament is the fibrous connective tissue that connects bones to other bones.

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The lungs are the primary organs of the respiratory system in humans and many other animals including a few fish and some snails.

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Macrophages (big eaters, from Greek μακρός (makrós).

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Medical imaging

Medical imaging is the technique and process of creating visual representations of the interior of a body for clinical analysis and medical intervention, as well as visual representation of the function of some organs or tissues (physiology).

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Medical ultrasound

Medical ultrasound (also known as diagnostic sonography or ultrasonography) is a diagnostic imaging technique based on the application of ultrasound.

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Menarche (Greek: μήν mēn "month" + ἀρχή arkhē "beginning") is the first menstrual cycle, or first menstrual bleeding, in female humans.

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Menopause, also known as the climacteric, is the time in most women's lives when menstrual periods stop permanently, and they are no longer able to bear children.

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Menstruation, also known as a period or monthly, is the regular discharge of blood and mucosal tissue (known as menses) from the inner lining of the uterus through the vagina.

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The mesothelium is a membrane composed of simple squamous epithelium that forms the lining of several body cavities: the pleura (thoracic cavity), peritoneum (abdominal cavity including the mesentery), mediastinum and pericardium (heart sac).

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Metaplasia ("change in form") is the reversible transformation of one differentiated cell type to another differentiated cell type.

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A microRNA (abbreviated miRNA) is a small non-coding RNA molecule (containing about 22 nucleotides) found in plants, animals and some viruses, that functions in RNA silencing and post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression.

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Morphine is a pain medication of the opiate variety which is found naturally in a number of plants and animals.

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Naproxen (brand names: Aleve, Naprosyn, and many others) is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) of the propionic acid class (the same class as ibuprofen) that relieves pain, fever, swelling, and stiffness.

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Neuroangiogenesis is a term used to describe the coordinated growth of nerves and blood vessels.

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Non-Hodgkin lymphoma

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) is a group of blood cancers that includes all types of lymphoma except Hodgkin's lymphomas.

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Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are a drug class that reduce pain, decrease fever, prevent blood clots and, in higher doses, decrease inflammation.

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Opioids are substances that act on opioid receptors to produce morphine-like effects.

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Ovarian cancer

Ovarian cancer is a cancer that forms in or on an ovary.

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The ovary is an organ found in the female reproductive system that produces an ovum.

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Pain scale

A pain scale measures a patient's pain intensity or other features.

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Pathophysiology or physiopathology is a convergence of pathology with physiology.

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Pelvic inflammatory disease

Pelvic inflammatory disease or pelvic inflammatory disorder (PID) is an infection of the upper part of the female reproductive system namely the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries, and inside of the pelvis.

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Pelvic pain

Pelvic pain is pain in the area of the pelvis.

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Pentoxifylline, also known as oxpentifylline, is a xanthine derivative used as a drug to treat muscle pain in people with peripheral artery disease. It is generic and sold under many brand names worldwide.Drugs.com. Page accessed Feb 1, 206.

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The peritoneum is the serous membrane that forms the lining of the abdominal cavity or coelom in amniotes and some invertebrates, such as annelids.

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Phytochemicals are chemical compounds produced by plants, generally to help them thrive or thwart competitors, predators, or pathogens.

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A placebo is a substance or treatment of no intended therapeutic value.

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PPAR agonist

PPAR agonists are drugs which act upon the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor.

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Pregnancy, also known as gestation, is the time during which one or more offspring develops inside a woman.

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Progesterone (P4) is an endogenous steroid and progestogen sex hormone involved in the menstrual cycle, pregnancy, and embryogenesis of humans and other species.

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A progestin is a type of medication which is used most commonly in hormonal birth control and menopausal hormone therapy.

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Quality of life

Quality of life (QOL) is the general well-being of individuals and societies, outlining negative and positive features of life.

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Radiofrequency ablation

Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is a medical procedure in which part of the electrical conduction system of the heart, tumor or other dysfunctional tissue is ablated using the heat generated from medium frequency alternating current (in the range of 350–500 kHz).

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Recto-uterine pouch

The recto-uterine pouch, also known by various other names (e.g., Douglas' pouch), is the extension of the peritoneal cavity between the rectum and the posterior wall of the uterus in the female human body.

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The rectum is the final straight portion of the large intestine in humans and some other mammals, and the gut in others.

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Sexual intercourse

Sexual intercourse (or coitus or copulation) is principally the insertion and thrusting of the penis, usually when erect, into the vagina for sexual pleasure, reproduction, or both.

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Skin is the soft outer tissue covering vertebrates.

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Statins, also known as HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors, are a class of lipid-lowering medications.

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Stem cell

Stem cells are biological cells that can differentiate into other types of cells and can divide to produce more of the same type of stem cells.

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A straitjacket is a garment shaped like a jacket with long sleeves that surpass the tips of the wearer's fingers.

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Stroma (tissue)

Stroma is the part of a tissue or organ with a structural or connective role.

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Swedish Agency for Health Technology Assessment and Assessment of Social Services

The Swedish Agency for Health Technology Assessment and Assessment of Social Services (SBU – Statens beredning för medicinsk och social utvärdering in Swedish) previously the Swedish Council on Health Technology Assessment is an independent Swedish governmental agency tasked with assessing and evaluating methods in use in healthcare och social services.

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Thoracic endometriosis

Thoracic endometriosis is a rare form of endometriosis where endometrial tissue is found in the lung parenchyma and/or the pleura.

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Tight junction

Tight junctions, also known as occluding junctions or zonulae occludentes (singular, zonula occludens) are multiprotein junctional complex whose general function is to prevent leakage of transported solutes and water and seals the paracellular pathway.

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Urinary bladder

The urinary bladder is a hollow muscular organ in humans and some other animals that collects and stores urine from the kidneys before disposal by urination.

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In mammals, the vagina is the elastic, muscular part of the female genital tract.

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Vasculogenesis is the process of blood vessel formation occurring by a de novo production of endothelial cells.

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VEZT is a gene located on chromosome 12 and encodes for the protein vezatin.

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Visual analogue scale

The visual analogue scale or visual analog scale (VAS) is a psychometric response scale which can be used in questionnaires.

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The vulva (wrapper, covering, plural vulvae or vulvas) consists of the external female sex organs.

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WNT4 is a secreted protein that in humans is encoded by the Wnt4 gene, found on chromosome 1.

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Xenoestrogens are a type of xenohormone that imitates estrogen.

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Endometriosis

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