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Endrin

Index Endrin

Endrin is an organochloride with the chemical formula C12H8Cl6O that was first produced in 1950 by Shell and Velsicol Chemical Corporation. [1]

93 relations: Acute tubular necrosis, Adsorption, Aerial application, Aldrin, Atropine, Avicide, Bioaccumulation, Bioconcentration, Brainstem, Breast milk, Carcinogen, Central nervous system, Chemical formula, Chlorine, Cleft lip and cleft palate, Cucurbitaceae, Cyclopentadiene, Dehydrohalogenation, Diazepam, Dieldrin, Electroencephalography, Encephalocele, Endocrine disruptor, Epileptic seizure, Executive Yuan, Exencephaly, Fatty liver, Fertility, Fever, Fish, Fishery, Gas chromatography, General anaesthesia, Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals, Grasshopper, Hazardous Substances Data Bank, Helicoverpa zea, Hexachlorocyclopentadiene, Hydrogen, Hypoxemia, Hypoxia (environmental), In utero, Incineration, Insecticide, International Programme on Chemical Safety, Invertebrate, Isodrin, Lipophilicity, Mass spectrometry, Maximum Contaminant Level, ..., Mutagen, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Necrosis, Neurotoxin, Neurotransmitter, Occupational Safety and Health Administration, Organic matter, Organochloride, Ostrinia, Paddy field, Pakistan, Peracetic acid, Peroxybenzoic acid, Persistent organic pollutant, Pesticide formulation, Phenobarbital, Photodissociation, Phytoplankton, Phytoremediation, Piscicide, Placenta, Pulmonary edema, Punjab, Pakistan, Recommended exposure limit, Reductive dechlorination, Rodenticide, Royal Dutch Shell, Shell Chemicals, Spike-and-wave, Stereoisomerism, Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants, Stressor, Symmetry in biology, Talagang, Theta wave, Ultraviolet, United States Environmental Protection Agency, Velsicol Chemical Corporation, Vinyl chloride, Volatilisation, Vomiting, Wettable powder, World Health Organization. Expand index (43 more) »

Acute tubular necrosis

Acute tubular necrosis (ATN) is a medical condition involving the death of tubular epithelial cells that form the renal tubules of the kidneys.

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Adsorption

Adsorption is the adhesion of atoms, ions or molecules from a gas, liquid or dissolved solid to a surface.

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Aerial application

Aerial application, or what was formerly referred to as crop dusting, involves spraying crops with crop protection products from an agricultural aircraft.

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Aldrin

Aldrin is an organochlorine insecticide that was widely used until the 1990s, when it was banned in most countries.

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Atropine

Atropine is a medication to treat certain types of nerve agent and pesticide poisonings as well as some types of slow heart rate and to decrease saliva production during surgery.

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Avicide

An avicide is any substance (normally, a chemical) which can be used to kill birds.

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Bioaccumulation

Bioaccumulation is the accumulation of substances, such as pesticides, or other chemicals in an organism.

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Bioconcentration

Bioconcentration is the accumulation of a chemical in or on an organism when the source of chemical is solely water.

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Brainstem

The brainstem (or brain stem) is the posterior part of the brain, adjoining and structurally continuous with the spinal cord.

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Breast milk

Breast milk is the milk produced by the breasts (or mammary glands) of a human female to feed a child.

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Carcinogen

A carcinogen is any substance, radionuclide, or radiation that promotes carcinogenesis, the formation of cancer.

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Central nervous system

The central nervous system (CNS) is the part of the nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord.

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Chemical formula

A chemical formula is a way of presenting information about the chemical proportions of atoms that constitute a particular chemical compound or molecule, using chemical element symbols, numbers, and sometimes also other symbols, such as parentheses, dashes, brackets, commas and plus (+) and minus (−) signs.

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Chlorine

Chlorine is a chemical element with symbol Cl and atomic number 17.

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Cleft lip and cleft palate

Cleft lip and cleft palate, also known as orofacial cleft, is a group of conditions that includes cleft lip (CL), cleft palate (CP), and both together (CLP).

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Cucurbitaceae

The Cucurbitaceae, also called cucurbits and the gourd family, are a plant family consisting of about 965 species in around 95 genera, the most important of which are.

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Cyclopentadiene

Cyclopentadiene is an organic compound with the formula C5H6.

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Dehydrohalogenation

Dehydrohalogenation is a chemical reaction that involves removal of (elimination of) a hydrogen halide from a substrate.

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Diazepam

Diazepam, first marketed as Valium, is a medicine of the benzodiazepine family that typically produces a calming effect.

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Dieldrin

Dieldrin is an organochloride originally produced in 1948 by J. Hyman & Co, Denver, as an insecticide.

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Electroencephalography

Electroencephalography (EEG) is an electrophysiological monitoring method to record electrical activity of the brain.

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Encephalocele

Encephalocele, sometimes known as cranium bifidum, is a neural tube defect characterized by sac-like protrusions of the brain and the membranes that cover it through openings in the skull.

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Endocrine disruptor

Endocrine disruptors are chemicals that can interfere with endocrine (or hormone) systems at certain doses.

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Epileptic seizure

An epileptic seizure is a brief episode of signs or symptoms due to abnormally excessive or synchronous neuronal activity in the brain.

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Executive Yuan

The Executive Yuan is the executive branch of the government of the Republic of China on Taiwan.

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Exencephaly

Exencephaly, is a type of cephalic disorder wherein the brain is located outside of the skull.

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Fatty liver

Fatty liver is a reversible condition wherein large vacuoles of triglyceride fat accumulate in liver cells via the process of steatosis (i.e., abnormal retention of lipids within a cell).

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Fertility

Fertility is the natural capability to produce offspring.

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Fever

Fever, also known as pyrexia and febrile response, is defined as having a temperature above the normal range due to an increase in the body's temperature set-point.

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Fish

Fish are gill-bearing aquatic craniate animals that lack limbs with digits.

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Fishery

Generally, a fishery is an entity engaged in raising or harvesting fish which is determined by some authority to be a fishery.

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Gas chromatography

Gas chromatography (GC) is a common type of chromatography used in analytical chemistry for separating and analyzing compounds that can be vaporized without decomposition.

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General anaesthesia

General anaesthesia or general anesthesia (see spelling differences) is a medically induced coma with loss of protective reflexes, resulting from the administration of one or more general anaesthetic agents.

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Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals

The Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) is an internationally agreed-upon standard managed by the United Nations that was set up to replace the assortment of hazardous material classification and labelling schemes previously used around the world.

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Grasshopper

Grasshoppers are insects of the suborder Caelifera within the order Orthoptera, which includes crickets and their allies in the other suborder Ensifera.

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Hazardous Substances Data Bank

The Hazardous Substances Data Bank (HSDB) is a toxicology database on the U.S. National Library of Medicine's (NLM) Toxicology Data Network (TOXNET).

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Helicoverpa zea

Helicoverpa zea, commonly known as the corn earworm, is a species (formerly in the genus Heliothis) in the family Noctuidae.

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Hexachlorocyclopentadiene

Hexachlorocyclopentadiene, also known as C-56, is an organochlorine compound that is a precursor to several pesticides.

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Hydrogen

Hydrogen is a chemical element with symbol H and atomic number 1.

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Hypoxemia

Hypoxemia (or hypoxaemia in British English) is an abnormally low level of oxygen in the blood.

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Hypoxia (environmental)

Hypoxia refers to low oxygen conditions.

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In utero

In utero is a Latin term literally meaning "in the womb" or "in the uterus".

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Incineration

Incineration is a waste treatment process that involves the combustion of organic substances contained in waste materials.

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Insecticide

Insecticides are substances used to kill insects.

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International Programme on Chemical Safety

The International Programme on Chemical Safety (IPCS) was formed in 1980 and is a collaboration between three United Nations bodies, the World Health Organization, the International Labour Organization and the United Nations Environment Programme, to establish a scientific basis for safe use of chemicals and to strengthen national capabilities and capacities for chemical safety.

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Invertebrate

Invertebrates are animals that neither possess nor develop a vertebral column (commonly known as a backbone or spine), derived from the notochord.

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Isodrin

Isodrin is may refer to either of two chemical compounds.

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Lipophilicity

Lipophilicity (from Greek λίπος "fat" and φίλος "friendly"), refers to the ability of a chemical compound to dissolve in fats, oils, lipids, and non-polar solvents such as hexane or toluene.

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Mass spectrometry

Mass spectrometry (MS) is an analytical technique that ionizes chemical species and sorts the ions based on their mass-to-charge ratio.

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Maximum Contaminant Level

Maximum Contaminant Levels (MCLs) are standards that are set by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) for drinking water quality.

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Mutagen

In genetics, a mutagen is a physical or chemical agent that changes the genetic material, usually DNA, of an organism and thus increases the frequency of mutations above the natural background level.

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National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health

The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) is the United States federal agency responsible for conducting research and making recommendations for the prevention of work-related injury and illness.

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Necrosis

Necrosis (from the Greek νέκρωσις "death, the stage of dying, the act of killing" from νεκρός "dead") is a form of cell injury which results in the premature death of cells in living tissue by autolysis.

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Neurotoxin

Neurotoxins are toxins that are poisonous or destructive to nerve tissue (causing neurotoxicity).

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Neurotransmitter

Neurotransmitters are endogenous chemicals that enable neurotransmission.

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Occupational Safety and Health Administration

The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is an agency of the United States Department of Labor.

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Organic matter

Organic matter, organic material, or natural organic matter (NOM) refers to the large pool of carbon-based compounds found within natural and engineered, terrestrial and aquatic environments.

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Organochloride

An organochloride, organochlorine compound, chlorocarbon, or chlorinated hydrocarbon is an organic compound containing at least one covalently bonded atom of chlorine that has an effect on the chemical behavior of the molecule.

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Ostrinia

Ostrinia is a genus of moths in the Crambidae family described by Jacob Hübner in 1825.

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Paddy field

A paddy field is a flooded parcel of arable land used for growing semiaquatic rice.

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Pakistan

Pakistan (پاکِستان), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (اِسلامی جمہوریہ پاکِستان), is a country in South Asia.

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Peracetic acid

Peracetic acid (also known as peroxyacetic acid, or PAA), is an organic compound with the formula CH3CO3H.

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Peroxybenzoic acid

Peroxybenzoic acid is an organic compound with the formula C6H5CO3H.

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Persistent organic pollutant

Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are organic compounds that are resistant to environmental degradation through chemical, biological, and photolytic processes.

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Pesticide formulation

The biological activity of a pesticide, be it chemical or biological in nature, is determined by its active ingredient (AI - also called the active substance).

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Phenobarbital

Phenobarbital, also known as phenobarbitone or phenobarb, is a medication recommended by the World Health Organization for the treatment of certain types of epilepsy in developing countries.

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Photodissociation

Photodissociation, photolysis, or photodecomposition is a chemical reaction in which a chemical compound is broken down by photons.

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Phytoplankton

Phytoplankton are the autotrophic (self-feeding) components of the plankton community and a key part of oceans, seas and freshwater basin ecosystems.

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Phytoremediation

Phytoremediation /ˌfaɪtəʊrɪˌmiːdɪˈeɪʃən/ refers to the technologies that use living plants to clean up soil, air, and water contaminated with hazardous contaminants.

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Piscicide

A piscicide is a chemical substance which is poisonous to fish.

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Placenta

The placenta is an organ that connects the developing fetus to the uterine wall to allow nutrient uptake, thermo-regulation, waste elimination, and gas exchange via the mother's blood supply; to fight against internal infection; and to produce hormones which support pregnancy.

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Pulmonary edema

Pulmonary edema is fluid accumulation in the tissue and air spaces of the lungs.

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Punjab, Pakistan

Punjab (Urdu, Punjabi:, panj-āb, "five waters") is Pakistan's second largest province by area, after Balochistan, and its most populous province, with an estimated population of 110,012,442 as of 2017.

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Recommended exposure limit

A recommended exposure limit (REL) is an occupational exposure limit that has been recommended by the United States National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) for adoption as a permissible exposure limit.

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Reductive dechlorination

Reductive dechlorination is degradation of chlorinated organic compounds by chemical reduction with release of inorganic chloride ions.

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Rodenticide

Rodenticides, colloquially rat poison, are typically non-specific pest control chemicals made and sold for the purpose of killing rodents.

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Royal Dutch Shell

Royal Dutch Shell plc, commonly known as Shell, is a British–Dutch multinational oil and gas company headquartered in the Netherlands and incorporated in the United Kingdom.

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Shell Chemicals

Shell Chemicals is the petrochemicals arm of Royal Dutch Shell.

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Spike-and-wave

Spike-and-wave is a pattern of the electroencephalogram (EEG) typically observed during epileptic seizures.

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Stereoisomerism

In stereochemistry, stereoisomers are isomeric molecules that have the same molecular formula and sequence of bonded atoms (constitution), but differ in the three-dimensional orientations of their atoms in space.

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Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants

Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants is an international environmental treaty, signed in 2001 and effective from May 2004, that aims to eliminate or restrict the production and use of persistent organic pollutants (POPs).

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Stressor

A stressor is a chemical or biological agent, environmental condition, external stimulus or an event that causes stress to an organism.

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Symmetry in biology

Symmetry in biology is the balanced distribution of duplicate body parts or shapes within the body of an organism.

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Talagang

Talagang (تلہ گنگ), the headquarters of Talagang Tehsil, is a town located in Chakwal District, Punjab, Pakistan.

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Theta wave

Theta waves generate the theta rhythm, a neural oscillatory pattern that can be seen on an electroencephalogram (EEG), recorded either from inside the brain or from electrodes attached to the scalp.

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Ultraviolet

Ultraviolet (UV) is electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength from 10 nm to 400 nm, shorter than that of visible light but longer than X-rays.

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United States Environmental Protection Agency

The Environmental Protection Agency is an independent agency of the United States federal government for environmental protection.

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Velsicol Chemical Corporation

Velsicol Chemical Corporation is an American chemical company based in Rosemont, Illinois that specializes in chemical intermediates for applications such as agrochemicals.

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Vinyl chloride

Vinyl chloride is an organochloride with the formula H2C.

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Volatilisation

Volatilization is the process whereby a dissolved sample is vaporised.

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Vomiting

Vomiting, also known as emesis, puking, barfing, throwing up, among other terms, is the involuntary, forceful expulsion of the contents of one's stomach through the mouth and sometimes the nose.

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Wettable powder

A wettable powder is an insecticide or other pesticide formulation consisting of the active ingredient in a finely ground state combined with wetting agents and sometimes bulking agents.

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World Health Organization

The World Health Organization (WHO; French: Organisation mondiale de la santé) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health.

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Redirects here:

1,2,3,4,10,10-Hexachloro-6,7-epoxy-1,4,4a,5,6,7,8,8a-octahydro-1,4-endo,endo-5,8-dimethanonaphthalene.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Endrin

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