93 relations: Acute tubular necrosis, Adsorption, Aerial application, Aldrin, Atropine, Avicide, Bioaccumulation, Bioconcentration, Brainstem, Breast milk, Carcinogen, Central nervous system, Chemical formula, Chlorine, Cleft lip and cleft palate, Cucurbitaceae, Cyclopentadiene, Dehydrohalogenation, Diazepam, Dieldrin, Electroencephalography, Encephalocele, Endocrine disruptor, Epileptic seizure, Executive Yuan, Exencephaly, Fatty liver, Fertility, Fever, Fish, Fishery, Gas chromatography, General anaesthesia, Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals, Grasshopper, Hazardous Substances Data Bank, Helicoverpa zea, Hexachlorocyclopentadiene, Hydrogen, Hypoxemia, Hypoxia (environmental), In utero, Incineration, Insecticide, International Programme on Chemical Safety, Invertebrate, Isodrin, Lipophilicity, Mass spectrometry, Maximum Contaminant Level, ..., Mutagen, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Necrosis, Neurotoxin, Neurotransmitter, Occupational Safety and Health Administration, Organic matter, Organochloride, Ostrinia, Paddy field, Pakistan, Peracetic acid, Peroxybenzoic acid, Persistent organic pollutant, Pesticide formulation, Phenobarbital, Photodissociation, Phytoplankton, Phytoremediation, Piscicide, Placenta, Pulmonary edema, Punjab, Pakistan, Recommended exposure limit, Reductive dechlorination, Rodenticide, Royal Dutch Shell, Shell Chemicals, Spike-and-wave, Stereoisomerism, Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants, Stressor, Symmetry in biology, Talagang, Theta wave, Ultraviolet, United States Environmental Protection Agency, Velsicol Chemical Corporation, Vinyl chloride, Volatilisation, Vomiting, Wettable powder, World Health Organization. Expand index (43 more) » « Shrink index
Acute tubular necrosis (ATN) is a medical condition involving the death of tubular epithelial cells that form the renal tubules of the kidneys.
Adsorption is the adhesion of atoms, ions or molecules from a gas, liquid or dissolved solid to a surface.
Aerial application, or what was formerly referred to as crop dusting, involves spraying crops with crop protection products from an agricultural aircraft.
Aldrin is an organochlorine insecticide that was widely used until the 1990s, when it was banned in most countries.
Atropine is a medication to treat certain types of nerve agent and pesticide poisonings as well as some types of slow heart rate and to decrease saliva production during surgery.
An avicide is any substance (normally, a chemical) which can be used to kill birds.
Bioaccumulation is the accumulation of substances, such as pesticides, or other chemicals in an organism.
Bioconcentration is the accumulation of a chemical in or on an organism when the source of chemical is solely water.
The brainstem (or brain stem) is the posterior part of the brain, adjoining and structurally continuous with the spinal cord.
Breast milk is the milk produced by the breasts (or mammary glands) of a human female to feed a child.
A carcinogen is any substance, radionuclide, or radiation that promotes carcinogenesis, the formation of cancer.
The central nervous system (CNS) is the part of the nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord.
A chemical formula is a way of presenting information about the chemical proportions of atoms that constitute a particular chemical compound or molecule, using chemical element symbols, numbers, and sometimes also other symbols, such as parentheses, dashes, brackets, commas and plus (+) and minus (−) signs.
Chlorine is a chemical element with symbol Cl and atomic number 17.
Cleft lip and cleft palate, also known as orofacial cleft, is a group of conditions that includes cleft lip (CL), cleft palate (CP), and both together (CLP).
The Cucurbitaceae, also called cucurbits and the gourd family, are a plant family consisting of about 965 species in around 95 genera, the most important of which are.
Cyclopentadiene is an organic compound with the formula C5H6.
Dehydrohalogenation is a chemical reaction that involves removal of (elimination of) a hydrogen halide from a substrate.
Diazepam, first marketed as Valium, is a medicine of the benzodiazepine family that typically produces a calming effect.
Dieldrin is an organochloride originally produced in 1948 by J. Hyman & Co, Denver, as an insecticide.
Electroencephalography (EEG) is an electrophysiological monitoring method to record electrical activity of the brain.
Encephalocele, sometimes known as cranium bifidum, is a neural tube defect characterized by sac-like protrusions of the brain and the membranes that cover it through openings in the skull.
Endocrine disruptors are chemicals that can interfere with endocrine (or hormone) systems at certain doses.
An epileptic seizure is a brief episode of signs or symptoms due to abnormally excessive or synchronous neuronal activity in the brain.
The Executive Yuan is the executive branch of the government of the Republic of China on Taiwan.
Exencephaly, is a type of cephalic disorder wherein the brain is located outside of the skull.
Fatty liver is a reversible condition wherein large vacuoles of triglyceride fat accumulate in liver cells via the process of steatosis (i.e., abnormal retention of lipids within a cell).
Fertility is the natural capability to produce offspring.
Fever, also known as pyrexia and febrile response, is defined as having a temperature above the normal range due to an increase in the body's temperature set-point.
Fish are gill-bearing aquatic craniate animals that lack limbs with digits.
Generally, a fishery is an entity engaged in raising or harvesting fish which is determined by some authority to be a fishery.
Gas chromatography (GC) is a common type of chromatography used in analytical chemistry for separating and analyzing compounds that can be vaporized without decomposition.
General anaesthesia or general anesthesia (see spelling differences) is a medically induced coma with loss of protective reflexes, resulting from the administration of one or more general anaesthetic agents.
The Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) is an internationally agreed-upon standard managed by the United Nations that was set up to replace the assortment of hazardous material classification and labelling schemes previously used around the world.
Grasshoppers are insects of the suborder Caelifera within the order Orthoptera, which includes crickets and their allies in the other suborder Ensifera.
The Hazardous Substances Data Bank (HSDB) is a toxicology database on the U.S. National Library of Medicine's (NLM) Toxicology Data Network (TOXNET).
Helicoverpa zea, commonly known as the corn earworm, is a species (formerly in the genus Heliothis) in the family Noctuidae.
Hexachlorocyclopentadiene, also known as C-56, is an organochlorine compound that is a precursor to several pesticides.
Hydrogen is a chemical element with symbol H and atomic number 1.
Hypoxemia (or hypoxaemia in British English) is an abnormally low level of oxygen in the blood.
Hypoxia refers to low oxygen conditions.
In utero is a Latin term literally meaning "in the womb" or "in the uterus".
Incineration is a waste treatment process that involves the combustion of organic substances contained in waste materials.
Insecticides are substances used to kill insects.
The International Programme on Chemical Safety (IPCS) was formed in 1980 and is a collaboration between three United Nations bodies, the World Health Organization, the International Labour Organization and the United Nations Environment Programme, to establish a scientific basis for safe use of chemicals and to strengthen national capabilities and capacities for chemical safety.
Invertebrates are animals that neither possess nor develop a vertebral column (commonly known as a backbone or spine), derived from the notochord.
Isodrin is may refer to either of two chemical compounds.
Lipophilicity (from Greek λίπος "fat" and φίλος "friendly"), refers to the ability of a chemical compound to dissolve in fats, oils, lipids, and non-polar solvents such as hexane or toluene.
Mass spectrometry (MS) is an analytical technique that ionizes chemical species and sorts the ions based on their mass-to-charge ratio.
Maximum Contaminant Levels (MCLs) are standards that are set by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) for drinking water quality.
In genetics, a mutagen is a physical or chemical agent that changes the genetic material, usually DNA, of an organism and thus increases the frequency of mutations above the natural background level.
The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) is the United States federal agency responsible for conducting research and making recommendations for the prevention of work-related injury and illness.
Necrosis (from the Greek νέκρωσις "death, the stage of dying, the act of killing" from νεκρός "dead") is a form of cell injury which results in the premature death of cells in living tissue by autolysis.
Neurotoxins are toxins that are poisonous or destructive to nerve tissue (causing neurotoxicity).
Neurotransmitters are endogenous chemicals that enable neurotransmission.
The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is an agency of the United States Department of Labor.
Organic matter, organic material, or natural organic matter (NOM) refers to the large pool of carbon-based compounds found within natural and engineered, terrestrial and aquatic environments.
An organochloride, organochlorine compound, chlorocarbon, or chlorinated hydrocarbon is an organic compound containing at least one covalently bonded atom of chlorine that has an effect on the chemical behavior of the molecule.
Ostrinia is a genus of moths in the Crambidae family described by Jacob Hübner in 1825.
A paddy field is a flooded parcel of arable land used for growing semiaquatic rice.
Pakistan (پاکِستان), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (اِسلامی جمہوریہ پاکِستان), is a country in South Asia.
Peracetic acid (also known as peroxyacetic acid, or PAA), is an organic compound with the formula CH3CO3H.
Peroxybenzoic acid is an organic compound with the formula C6H5CO3H.
Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are organic compounds that are resistant to environmental degradation through chemical, biological, and photolytic processes.
The biological activity of a pesticide, be it chemical or biological in nature, is determined by its active ingredient (AI - also called the active substance).
Phenobarbital, also known as phenobarbitone or phenobarb, is a medication recommended by the World Health Organization for the treatment of certain types of epilepsy in developing countries.
Photodissociation, photolysis, or photodecomposition is a chemical reaction in which a chemical compound is broken down by photons.
Phytoplankton are the autotrophic (self-feeding) components of the plankton community and a key part of oceans, seas and freshwater basin ecosystems.
Phytoremediation /ˌfaɪtəʊrɪˌmiːdɪˈeɪʃən/ refers to the technologies that use living plants to clean up soil, air, and water contaminated with hazardous contaminants.
A piscicide is a chemical substance which is poisonous to fish.
The placenta is an organ that connects the developing fetus to the uterine wall to allow nutrient uptake, thermo-regulation, waste elimination, and gas exchange via the mother's blood supply; to fight against internal infection; and to produce hormones which support pregnancy.
Pulmonary edema is fluid accumulation in the tissue and air spaces of the lungs.
Punjab (Urdu, Punjabi:, panj-āb, "five waters") is Pakistan's second largest province by area, after Balochistan, and its most populous province, with an estimated population of 110,012,442 as of 2017.
A recommended exposure limit (REL) is an occupational exposure limit that has been recommended by the United States National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) for adoption as a permissible exposure limit.
Reductive dechlorination is degradation of chlorinated organic compounds by chemical reduction with release of inorganic chloride ions.
Rodenticides, colloquially rat poison, are typically non-specific pest control chemicals made and sold for the purpose of killing rodents.
Royal Dutch Shell plc, commonly known as Shell, is a British–Dutch multinational oil and gas company headquartered in the Netherlands and incorporated in the United Kingdom.
Shell Chemicals is the petrochemicals arm of Royal Dutch Shell.
Spike-and-wave is a pattern of the electroencephalogram (EEG) typically observed during epileptic seizures.
In stereochemistry, stereoisomers are isomeric molecules that have the same molecular formula and sequence of bonded atoms (constitution), but differ in the three-dimensional orientations of their atoms in space.
Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants is an international environmental treaty, signed in 2001 and effective from May 2004, that aims to eliminate or restrict the production and use of persistent organic pollutants (POPs).
A stressor is a chemical or biological agent, environmental condition, external stimulus or an event that causes stress to an organism.
Symmetry in biology is the balanced distribution of duplicate body parts or shapes within the body of an organism.
Talagang (تلہ گنگ), the headquarters of Talagang Tehsil, is a town located in Chakwal District, Punjab, Pakistan.
Theta waves generate the theta rhythm, a neural oscillatory pattern that can be seen on an electroencephalogram (EEG), recorded either from inside the brain or from electrodes attached to the scalp.
Ultraviolet (UV) is electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength from 10 nm to 400 nm, shorter than that of visible light but longer than X-rays.
The Environmental Protection Agency is an independent agency of the United States federal government for environmental protection.
Velsicol Chemical Corporation is an American chemical company based in Rosemont, Illinois that specializes in chemical intermediates for applications such as agrochemicals.
Vinyl chloride is an organochloride with the formula H2C.
Volatilization is the process whereby a dissolved sample is vaporised.
Vomiting, also known as emesis, puking, barfing, throwing up, among other terms, is the involuntary, forceful expulsion of the contents of one's stomach through the mouth and sometimes the nose.
A wettable powder is an insecticide or other pesticide formulation consisting of the active ingredient in a finely ground state combined with wetting agents and sometimes bulking agents.
The World Health Organization (WHO; French: Organisation mondiale de la santé) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health.