58 relations: Acetyl group, Adaptive immune system, Adverse drug reaction, Alanine, Amine, Amino acid, Anaphylaxis, Anorexia (symptom), Arthralgia, Asparagine, Aspartic acid, Australian Medicines Handbook, Biomimetics, Cell (biology), Challenge–dechallenge–rechallenge, Combination therapy, Conformational change, Cyst, Duke University, Entry inhibitor, Eosinophilia, Erythema, Food and Drug Administration, Formyl peptide receptor, Glomerulonephritis, Glutamic acid, Glutamine, Histidine, HIV, Hoffmann-La Roche, Hypersensitivity, Hypotension, In vitro, Insomnia, International nonproprietary name, Isoleucine, Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, Leucine, Lysine, Major depressive disorder, Management of HIV/AIDS, Nodule (medicine), Peptide, Peripheral neuropathy, Phenylalanine, Pneumonia, Salvage therapy, Serine, Shortness of breath, Subcutaneous injection, ..., Threonine, Transaminase, Transmembrane protein, Tryptophan, Tyrosine, Viral entry, Viral load, Virus. Expand index (8 more) » « Shrink index
In organic chemistry, acetyl is a moiety, the acyl with chemical formula CH3CO.
The adaptive immune system, also known as the acquired immune system or, more rarely, as the specific immune system, is a subsystem of the overall immune system that is composed of highly specialized, systemic cells and processes that eliminate pathogens or prevent their growth.
An adverse drug reaction (ADR) is an injury caused by taking a medication.
Alanine (symbol Ala or A) is an α-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.
In organic chemistry, amines are compounds and functional groups that contain a basic nitrogen atom with a lone pair.
Amino acids are organic compounds containing amine (-NH2) and carboxyl (-COOH) functional groups, along with a side chain (R group) specific to each amino acid.
Anaphylaxis is a serious allergic reaction that is rapid in onset and may cause death.
Anorexia (from Ancient Greek ανορεξία: 'ἀν-' "without" + 'όρεξις', spelled 'órexis' meaning "appetite") is the decreased sensation of appetite.
Arthralgia (from Greek arthro-, joint + -algos, pain) literally means joint pain; it is a symptom of injury, infection, illnesses (in particular arthritis) or an allergic reaction to medication.
Asparagine (symbol Asn or N), is an α-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.
Aspartic acid (symbol Asp or D; salts known as aspartates), is an α-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.
Australian Medicines Handbook (AMH) is a peer-reviewed medicines prescribing guide for Australian health professionals.
Biomimetics or biomimicry is the imitation of the models, systems, and elements of nature for the purpose of solving complex human problems.
The cell (from Latin cella, meaning "small room") is the basic structural, functional, and biological unit of all known living organisms.
Challenge–dechallenge–rechallenge (CDR) is a medical testing protocol in which a medicine or drug is administered, withdrawn, then re-administered, while being monitored for adverse effects at each stage.
Combination therapy or polytherapy is therapy that uses more than one medication or modality (versus monotherapy, which is any therapy taken alone).
In biochemistry, a conformational change is a change in the shape of a macromolecule, often induced by environmental factors.
A cyst is a closed sac, having a distinct membrane and division compared with the nearby tissue.
Duke University is a private, non-profit, research university located in Durham, North Carolina.
Entry inhibitors, also known as fusion inhibitors, are a class of antiretroviral drugs, used in combination therapy for the treatment of HIV infection.
Eosinophilia is a condition in which the eosinophil count in the peripheral blood exceeds.
Erythema (from the Greek erythros, meaning red) is redness of the skin or mucous membranes, caused by hyperemia (increased blood flow) in superficial capillaries.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA or USFDA) is a federal agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services, one of the United States federal executive departments.
The formyl peptide receptors (FPR) belong to a class of G protein-coupled receptors involved in chemotaxis.
Glomerulonephritis (GN), also known as glomerular nephritis, is a term used to refer to several kidney diseases (usually affecting both kidneys).
Glutamic acid (symbol Glu or E) is an α-amino acid with formula.
Glutamine (symbol Gln or Q) is an α-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.
Histidine (symbol His or H) is an α-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a lentivirus (a subgroup of retrovirus) that causes HIV infection and over time acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
Hypersensitivity (also called hypersensitivity reaction or intolerance) refers to undesirable reactions produced by the normal immune system, including allergies and autoimmunity.
Hypotension is low blood pressure, especially in the arteries of the systemic circulation.
In vitro (meaning: in the glass) studies are performed with microorganisms, cells, or biological molecules outside their normal biological context.
Insomnia, also known as sleeplessness, is a sleep disorder where people have trouble sleeping.
The International Nonproprietary Name (INN) is an official generic and non-proprietary name given to a pharmaceutical drug or an active ingredient.
Isoleucine (symbol Ile or I) is an α-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.
The Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy is a peer-reviewed medical journal which covers antimicrobial chemotherapy, including laboratory aspects and clinical use of antimicrobial agents.
Leucine (symbol Leu or L) is an essential amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.
Lysine (symbol Lys or K) is an α-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.
Major depressive disorder (MDD), also known simply as depression, is a mental disorder characterized by at least two weeks of low mood that is present across most situations.
The management of HIV/AIDS normally includes the use of multiple antiretroviral drugs in an attempt to control HIV infection.
In medicine, nodules are solid, elevated areas of tissue or fluid inside or under the skin with a diameter greater than 0.5 centimeters.
Peptides (from Gr.: πεπτός, peptós "digested"; derived from πέσσειν, péssein "to digest") are short chains of amino acid monomers linked by peptide (amide) bonds.
Peripheral neuropathy (PN) is damage to or disease affecting nerves, which may impair sensation, movement, gland or organ function, or other aspects of health, depending on the type of nerve affected.
Phenylalanine (symbol Phe or F) is an α-amino acid with the formula.
Pneumonia is an inflammatory condition of the lung affecting primarily the small air sacs known as alveoli.
Salvage therapy, also known as rescue therapy, is a form of therapy given after an ailment does not respond to standard therapy.
Serine (symbol Ser or S) is an ɑ-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.
Shortness of breath, also known as dyspnea, is the feeling that one cannot breathe well enough.
A subcutaneous injection is administered as a bolus into the subcutis, the layer of skin directly below the dermis and epidermis, collectively referred to as the cutis.
Threonine (symbol Thr or T) is an amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.
Transaminases or aminotransferases are enzymes that catalyze a transamination reaction between an amino acid and an α-keto acid.
A transmembrane protein (TP) is a type of integral membrane protein that spans the entirety of the biological membrane to which it is permanently attached.
Tryptophan (symbol Trp or W) is an α-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.
Tyrosine (symbol Tyr or Y) or 4-hydroxyphenylalanine is one of the 20 standard amino acids that are used by cells to synthesize proteins.
Viral entry is the earliest stage of infection in the viral life cycle, as the virus comes into contact with the host cell and introduces viral material into the cell.
Viral load, also known as viral burden, viral titre or viral titer, is a numerical expression of the quantity of virus in a given volume.
A virus is a small infectious agent that replicates only inside the living cells of other organisms.