79 relations: Alexander Gill the Elder, Americanist phonetic notation, Australian Aboriginal languages, Ɱ, Ɲ, Bari language, Bemba language, Benjamin Franklin, Benjamin Franklin's phonetic alphabet, Cyrillic script, Dagbani language, David Crystal, Descender, Dinka language, En with descender, En with hook, En-ghe, English language, Erratum, Eta, Ewe language, First Grammatical Treatise, Fula language, G, Germanic languages, Grapheme, Greek alphabet, Heng (letter), Horatio Hale, Inari Sami language, Indigenous languages of the Americas, International Phonetic Alphabet, Inupiaq language, ISO/IEC 8859-4, J, Kildin Sami language, Lakota language, Languages of Africa, Languages of China, Latin alphabet, Latin Extended-A, Latinisation in the Soviet Union, Letter case, List of Latin-script digraphs, Luganda, Lule Sami language, Manding languages, Mapuche language, Meuse-Rhenish, N, ..., N with descender, N with long right leg, Nh (digraph), Northern Sami, O'odham language, Phonology, Retroflex nasal, Rheinische Dokumenta, Sami languages, Shona language, Skolt Sami language, Songhay languages, Standard Zhuang, Teuthonista, Tonga language (Zambia and Zimbabwe), Transcription of Australian Aboriginal languages, Turkic languages, Turned g, Uralic Phonetic Alphabet, Uvular nasal, Velar nasal, Viz., West Central German, William Holder, Wolof language, Yañalif, Yolŋu languages, Yugambeh-Bundjalung languages, Zarma language. Expand index (29 more) » « Shrink index
Alexander Gill the Elder (7 February 1565 – 17 November 1635), also spelled Gil, was an English scholar, spelling reformer, and high-master of St Paul's School, where his pupils included John Milton.
Americanist phonetic notation, also known as the North American Phonetic Alphabet or NAPA, is a system of phonetic notation originally developed by European and American anthropologists and language scientists (many of whom were students of Neogrammarians) for the phonetic and phonemic transcription of indigenous languages of the Americas and for languages of Europe.
The Australian Aboriginal languages consist of around 290–363 languages belonging to an estimated twenty-eight language families and isolates, spoken by Aboriginal Australians of mainland Australia and a few nearby islands.
The letter Ɱ (minuscule: ɱ), called M with hook or emg, is a letter based on the letter M. Its minuscule ɱ is used to transcribe a labiodental nasal in the International Phonetic Alphabet.
Variants of uppercase Ɲ and lowercase ɲ Ɲ is a letter indicating a palatal nasal.
Bari is the Nilotic language of the Karo people, spoken over large areas of Central Equatoria state in South Sudan, across the northwest corner of Uganda, and into the Democratic Republic of Congo.
The Bemba language, ChiBemba (also Cibemba, Ichibemba, Icibemba and Chiwemba), is a major Bantu language spoken primarily in north-eastern Zambia by the Bemba people and as a lingua franca by about 18 related ethnic groups, including the Bisa people of Mpika and Lake Bangweulu, and to a lesser extent in Katanga in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Tanzania, and Botswana.
Benjamin Franklin (April 17, 1790) was an American polymath and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States.
Benjamin Franklin's phonetic alphabet was Benjamin Franklin's proposal for a spelling reform of the English language.
The Cyrillic script is a writing system used for various alphabets across Eurasia (particularity in Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, Central Asia, and North Asia).
Dagbani (or Dagbane), also known as Dagbanli and Dagbanle, is a Gur language spoken in Ghana.
David Crystal, (born 6 July 1941) is a British linguist, academic and author.
In typography, a descender is the portion of a letter that extends below the baseline of a font.
Dinka (natively Thuɔŋjäŋ, Thuɔŋ ee Jieng or simply Jieng) is a Nilotic dialect cluster spoken by the Dinka people, the major ethnic group of South Sudan.
En with descender (Ң ң; italics: Ң ң) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.
En with hook (Ӈ ӈ; italics: Ӈ ӈ) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.
En-ghe (Ҥ ҥ; italics: Ҥ ҥ) is a letter of the Cyrillic script used only in non-Slavic languages.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
An erratum or corrigendum (plurals: errata, corrigenda) (comes from errata corrige) is a correction of a published text.
Eta (uppercase, lowercase; ἦτα ē̂ta or ήτα ita) is the seventh letter of the Greek alphabet.
Ewe (Èʋe or Èʋegbe) is a Niger–Congo language spoken in southeastern Ghana by approximately 6–7 million people as either the first or second language.
The First Grammatical Treatise (Fyrsta málfræðiritgerðin digital reproduction at Old Norse etexts.) is a 12th-century work on the phonology of the Old Norse or Old Icelandic language.
Fula Laurie Bauer, 2007, The Linguistics Student’s Handbook, Edinburgh, also known as Fulani or Fulah (Fula: Fulfulde, Pulaar, Pular; Peul), is a language spoken as a set of various dialects in a continuum that stretches across some 20 countries in West and Central Africa.
G (named gee) is the 7th letter in the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
The Germanic languages are a branch of the Indo-European language family spoken natively by a population of about 515 million people mainly in Europe, North America, Oceania, and Southern Africa.
In linguistics, a grapheme is the smallest unit of a writing system of any given language.
The Greek alphabet has been used to write the Greek language since the late 9th or early 8th century BC.
Heng is a letter of the Latin alphabet, derived from h combined with something similar to eng.
Horatio Emmons Hale (May 3, 1817 – December 28, 1896) was an American-Canadian ethnologist, philologist and businessman who studied language as a key for classifying ancient peoples and being able to trace their migrations.
Inari Sami (anarâškielâ) is a Sami language spoken by the Inari Sami of Finland.
Indigenous languages of the Americas are spoken by indigenous peoples from Alaska and Greenland to the southern tip of South America, encompassing the land masses that constitute the Americas.
The International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) is an alphabetic system of phonetic notation based primarily on the Latin alphabet.
Inupiaq, Inupiat, Inupiatun or Alaskan Inuit, is a group of dialects of the Inuit languages, spoken by the Iñupiat people in northern and northwestern Alaska, and part of the Northwest Territories.
ISO/IEC 8859-4:1998, Information technology — 8-bit single-byte coded graphic character sets — Part 4: Latin alphabet No.
J is the tenth letter in the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
Kildin Saami (also known by its other synonymous names Saami, Kola Saami, Eastern Saami and Lappish), is a Saami language that is spoken on the Kola Peninsula in northwestern Russia that today is and historically was once inhabited by this group.
Lakota (Lakȟótiyapi), also referred to as Lakhota, Teton or Teton Sioux, is a Siouan language spoken by the Lakota people of the Sioux tribes.
The languages of Africa are divided into six major language families.
The languages of China are the languages that are spoken in China.
The Latin alphabet or the Roman alphabet is a writing system originally used by the ancient Romans to write the Latin language.
Latin Extended-A is a Unicode block and is the third block of the Unicode standard.
In the USSR, latinisation (латиниза́ция) was the name of the campaign during the 1920s–1930s which aimed to replace traditional writing systems for numerous languages with systems that would use the Latin script or to create Latin-script based systems for languages that, at the time, did not have a writing system.
Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger upper case (also uppercase, capital letters, capitals, caps, large letters, or more formally majuscule) and smaller lower case (also lowercase, small letters, or more formally minuscule) in the written representation of certain languages.
This is a list of digraphs used in various Latin alphabets.
Luganda, or Ganda (Oluganda), is one of the major languages in Uganda and is spoken by more than five million Baganda and other people principally in central Uganda, including the capital Kampala of Uganda.
Lule Sami (julevsámegiella) is a Uralic, Sami language spoken in Lule Lappmark, i.e. around the Lule River, Sweden and in the northern parts of Nordland county in Norway, especially Tysfjord municipality, where Lule Sami is an official language.
The Manding languages (sometimes spelt Manden) are mutually intelligible dialects or languages in West Africa of the Mande family.
Mapuche or Mapudungun (from mapu 'land' and dungun 'speak, speech') is a language isolate spoken in south-central Chile and west central Argentina by the Mapuche people (from mapu 'land' and che 'people').
Meuse-Rhenish (German: Rheinmaasländisch, Dutch: Maas-Rijnlands, and French: francique rhéno-mosan) is a modern term that refers to the literature written in the Middle Ages in the greater Meuse-Rhine area.
N (named en) is the fourteenth letter in the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
N with descender (Ꞑ, ꞑ) is a letter of the Latin alphabet, used in several Uniform Turkic Alphabet orthographies in 1930s (for instance, Tatar Jaꞑalif), as well as in the 1990s orthographies invented in attempts to restore the Latin alphabet for the Tatar language and the Chechen language.
N with long right leg (majuscule: Ƞ, minuscule: ƞ) is an obsolete letter of the Latin alphabet.
Nh is a digraph of the Latin alphabet, a combination of N and H. Together with lh and the interpunct, it is a typical feature of Occitan, a language illustrated by medieval troubadours.
Northern or North Sami (davvisámegiella; disapproved exonym Lappish or Lapp), sometimes also simply referred to as Sami, is the most widely spoken of all Sami languages.
O'odham (pronounced) or Papago-Pima is a Uto-Aztecan language of southern Arizona and northern Sonora, Mexico, where the Tohono O'odham (formerly called the Papago) and Akimel O'odham (traditionally called Pima) reside.
Phonology is a branch of linguistics concerned with the systematic organization of sounds in languages.
The retroflex nasal is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The Rheinische Dokumenta is a phonetic writing system developed in the early 1980s by a working group of academics, linguists, local language experts, and local language speakers of the Rhineland.
Sami languages is a group of Uralic languages spoken by the Sami people in Northern Europe (in parts of northern Finland, Norway, Sweden and extreme northwestern Russia).
Shona (chiShona) is the most widely spoken Bantu language as a first language and is native to the Shona people of Zimbabwe.
Skolt Sami (sääʹmǩiõll 'the Saami language' or nuõrttsääʹmǩiõll if a distinction needs to be made between it and the other Sami languages) is a Uralic, Sami language that is spoken by the Skolts, with approximately 300 speakers in Finland, mainly in Sevettijärvi and approximately 20–30 speakers of the Njuõʹttjäuʹrr (Notozero) dialect in an area surrounding Lake Lovozero in Russia.
The Songhay or Songhai languages are a group of closely related languages/dialects centred on the middle stretches of the Niger River in the West African countries of Mali, Niger, Benin, Burkina Faso and Nigeria.
Standard Zhuang (autonym) is the official standardized form of the Zhuang languages, which are a branch of the Northern Tai languages.
Teuthonista is a phonetic transcription system used predominantly for the transcription of (High) German dialects.
Tonga (Chitonga), also known as Zambezi, is a Bantu language primarily spoken by the Tonga people who live mainly in the Southern and Western provinces of Zambia, and in northern Zimbabwe, with a few in Mozambique.
Prior to the arrival of Europeans, Australian Aboriginal languages had been purely spoken languages, and had no writing system.
The Turkic languages are a language family of at least thirty-five documented languages, spoken by the Turkic peoples of Eurasia from Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, Central Asia, and West Asia all the way to North Asia (particularly in Siberia) and East Asia (including the Far East).
ᵷ or turned g is a letter of the Latin alphabet, formed by rotating g 180°.
The Uralic Phonetic Alphabet (UPA) or Finno-Ugric transcription system is a phonetic transcription or notational system used predominantly for the transcription and reconstruction of Uralic languages.
The uvular nasal is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The velar nasal, also known as agma, from the Greek word for fragment, is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The abbreviation viz. (or viz without a full stop), short for the Latin italic, is used as a synonym for "namely", "that is to say", "to wit", or "as follows".
West Central German (Westmitteldeutsche Dialekte) belongs to the Central, High German dialect family in the German language.
William Holder FRS (1616 – 24 January 1698) was an English clergyman and music theorist of the 17th century.
Wolof is a language of Senegal, the Gambia and Mauritania, and the native language of the Wolof people.
Jaᶇalif, Yangalif or Yañalif (Tatar: jaᶇa əlifba/yaña älifba → jaᶇalif/yañalif, Cyrillic: Яңалиф, "new alphabet") is the first Latin alphabet used during the Soviet epoch for the Turkic languages (also Iranian languages, North Caucasian languages, Mongolian languages, Finno-Ugric languages, Tungus-Manchu languages, Paleo-Asiatic languages; project for Russian is unaccepted in 1930) in the 1930s.
Yolŋu Matha, meaning the "Yolŋu tongue", is a linguistic family that includes the languages of the Yolngu (Yolŋu, Yuulngu), the indigenous people of northeast Arnhem Land in northern Australia.
Yugambeh-Bundjalung, (IPA:Yʊgɑmbəː-Bɑnjɑnlɑŋ) also known as Bandjalangic is a branch of the Pama–Nyungan language family, that is spoken in northeastern New South Wales and South-East Queensland.
Zarma (also spelled Djerma, Dyabarma, Dyarma, Dyerma, Adzerma, Zabarma, Zarbarma, Zarma, Zarmaci or Zerma) is one of the Songhay languages.