68 relations: Algebraic notation (chess), Anatoly Karpov, Benoni Defense, Blindfold chess, Bobby Fischer, Boris Spassky, Bremen, Carl Jaenisch, Caro–Kann Defence, Chess opening, ChessBase, Descriptive notation, Dr. Watson, Dutch Defence, Encyclopaedia of Chess Openings, English Defence, Fianchetto, Flank opening, Garry Kasparov, Graham Burgess, Grandmaster (chess), Grünfeld Defence, Grob's Attack, Hedgehog (chess), Howard Staunton, Hugh Myers, Hypermodernism (chess), Indian Defence, Interzonal, Joel Benjamin, John Emms (chess player), John L. Watson, John Nunn, Jon Speelman, Joseph Gallagher, King's Indian Defence, Lev Polugaevsky, List of chess openings, List of chess openings named after places, London 1851 chess tournament, Magnus Carlsen, Maróczy Bind, Mikhail Botvinnik, Modern Chess Openings, Modern Defense, Nimzo-Indian Defence, Oscar Panno, Palma de Mallorca, Paul Keres, Pawn Sacrifice, ..., Pierre Charles Fournier de Saint-Amant, Professor Moriarty, Queen's Gambit, Queen's Gambit Declined, Réti Opening, Sherlock Holmes: A Game of Shadows, Sicilian Defence, Slav Defense, Sokolsky Opening, Tempo (chess), Tigran Petrosian, Tony Miles, Transposition (chess), United States Chess Federation, Vasily Smyslov, World Chess Championship, World Chess Championship 1972, Zoltán Ribli. Expand index (18 more) » « Shrink index
Algebraic notation (or AN) is a method for recording and describing the moves in a game of chess.
Anatoly Yevgenyevich Karpov (Анато́лий Евге́ньевич Ка́рпов; born May 23, 1951) is a Russian chess grandmaster and former World Champion.
The Benoni Defense is a chess opening characterized by the moves: Black can then sacrifice a pawn with 3...b5 (the Benko Gambit), otherwise 3...e6 is the most common move (although 3...d6 or 3...g6 are also seen, typically transposing to main lines).
Blindfold chess (also known as sans voir) is a form of chess play wherein the players do not see the positions of the pieces or touch them.
Robert James Fischer (March 9, 1943January 17, 2008) was an American chess grandmaster and the eleventh World Chess Champion.
Boris Vasilievich Spassky (Бори́с Васи́льевич Спа́сский; born January 30, 1937) is a Russian chess grandmaster.
The City Municipality of Bremen (Stadtgemeinde Bremen) is a Hanseatic city in northwestern Germany, which belongs to the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen (also called just "Bremen" for short), a federal state of Germany.
Carl Ferdinand von Jaenisch (Карл Андреевич Яниш; Vyborg, April 11, 1813 – Saint Petersburg, March 7, 1872) was a Finnish and Russian chess player and theorist.
The Caro–Kann Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves: The Caro–Kann is a common defence against the King's Pawn Opening and is classified as a "Semi-Open Game" like the Sicilian Defence and French Defence, although it is thought to be more solid and less dynamic than either of those openings.
A chess opening or simply an opening refers to the initial moves of a chess game.
ChessBase GmbH is a German company that markets chess software, maintains a chess news site, and operates servers for online chess.
Descriptive notation is a notation for recording chess games, and at one time was the most popular notation in English- and Spanish-speaking countries.
John H. Watson, known as Dr.
The Dutch Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves: Black's 1...f5 stakes a serious claim to the e4-square and envisions an attack in the middlegame on White's; however, it also weakens Black's kingside some (especially the e8–h5 diagonal) and contributes nothing to Black's development.
The Encyclopedia of Chess Openings is a classification system for the opening moves in chess.
The English Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves.
In chess, the fianchetto ("little flank") is a pattern of development wherein a bishop is developed to the second rank of the adjacent knight file, the knight pawn having been moved one or two squares forward.
A flank opening is a chess opening played by White and typified by play on one or both flanks (the portion of the chess board outside the central d and e files).
Garry Kimovich Kasparov (Га́рри Ки́мович Каспа́ров,; Armenian: Գարրի Կիմովիչ Կասպարով; born Garik Kimovich Weinstein, 13 April 1963) is a Russian chess grandmaster, former world chess champion, writer, and political activist, who many consider to be the greatest chess player of all time.
Graham K. Burgess (born 24 Feb 1968 in Liverpool, England) is an English FIDE Master of chess and a noted writer and trainer.
The title Grandmaster (GM) is awarded to chess players by the world chess organization FIDE.
The Grünfeld Defence (ECO codes D70–D99) is a chess opening characterised by the moves: Black offers White the possibility of cxd5, when after Nxd5 White further gets the opportunity to kick the Black Knight around with e4, leading to an imposing central pawn duo for White.
Grob's Attack is an unconventional chess opening where White immediately moves the king knight's pawn two squares ahead.
The Hedgehog is a pawn formation in chess adopted usually by Black that can arise from several openings.
Howard Staunton (1810 – 22 June 1874) was an English chess master who is generally regarded as having been the world's strongest player from 1843 to 1851, largely as a result of his 1843 victory over Pierre Charles Fournier de Saint-Amant.
Hugh Edward Myers (January 23, 1930 – December 22, 2008) was an American chess master and author.
Hypermodernism is a school of chess that emerged after World War I. It featured challenges to the chess ideas of central European masters, including Wilhelm Steinitz's approach to the centre and the rules established by Siegbert Tarrasch.
In the game of chess, Indian defence is a broad term for a group of openings characterised by the moves: They are all to varying degrees hypermodern defences, where Black invites White to establish an imposing presence in the centre with the plan of undermining and ultimately destroying it.
Interzonal chess tournaments were tournaments organized by the World Chess Federation FIDE from the 1950s to the 1990s.
Joel Benjamin (born March 11, 1964) is an American chess grandmaster.
John Michael Emms (born 14 March 1967) is a chess player who has earned the rank of International Grandmaster.
John Leonard Watson (born 1951) is a chess International Master and author.
John Denis Martin Nunn (born 25 April 1955 in London) is an English chess grandmaster, a three-time world champion in chess problem solving, a chess writer and publisher, and a mathematician.
Jonathan Simon Speelman (born 2 October 1956) is an English Grandmaster chess player, mathematician and chess writer.
Joseph Gerald Gallagher (born 4 May 1964) is a British-born Swiss chess grandmaster and former British Champion, as well as a chess author.
The King's Indian Defence is a common chess opening.
Lev Abramovich Polugaevsky (Лев Абрамович Полугаевский; 20 November 1934 – 30 August 1995) was an International Grandmaster of chess and frequent contender for the World Championship, although he never achieved that title.
This is a list of chess openings, organized by the Encyclopaedia of Chess Openings code.
The Oxford Companion to Chess lists 1,327 named openings and variants.
London 1851 was the first international chess tournament.
Sven Magnus Øen Carlsen (born 30 November 1990) is a Norwegian chess grandmaster and the current World Chess Champion.
The Maróczy Bind is a pawn formation in chess, named after the Hungarian grandmaster Géza Maróczy and primarily played against the Sicilian Defence.
Mikhail Moiseyevich Botvinnik (Михаи́л Моисе́евич Ботви́нник,; – May 5, 1995) was a Soviet and Russian International Grandmaster and World Chess Champion for most of 1948 to 1963.
Modern Chess Openings (usually called) is an important reference book on chess openings, first published in 1911 by the British players Richard Clewin Griffith (1872–1955) and John Herbert White (1880–1920).
The Modern Defense (also known as the Robatsch Defence after Karl Robatsch) is a hypermodern chess opening in which Black allows White to occupy the center with pawns on d4 and e4, then proceeds to attack and undermine this "ideal" center without attempting to occupy it himself.
The Nimzo-Indian Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves: Other move orders, such as 1.c4 e6 2.Nc3 Nf6 3.d4 Bb4, are also feasible.
Oscar R. Panno (born 17 March 1935 in Buenos Aires) is an Argentine chess Grandmaster.
Palma de Mallorca, frequently used name for the city of Palma, is the capital and largest city of the autonomous community of the Balearic Islands in Spain.
Paul Keres (January 7, 1916June 5, 1975) was an Estonian chess grandmaster and chess writer.
Pawn Sacrifice is a 2014 American biographical drama film.
Pierre Charles Fournier de Saint-Amant (12 September 1800 – 29 October 1872) was a leading French chess master and an editor of the chess periodical Le Palamède.
Professor James Moriarty is a fictional character in some of the Sherlock Holmes stories written by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle.
The Queen's Gambit is a chess opening that starts with the moves: The Queen's Gambit is one of the oldest known chess openings.
The Queen's Gambit Declined (or QGD) is a chess opening in which Black declines a pawn offered by White in the Queen's Gambit: This is known as the Orthodox Line of the Queen's Gambit Declined.
The Réti Opening is a hypermodern chess opening whose traditional or classic method begins with the moves: White plans to bring the d5-pawn under attack from the, or entice it to advance to d4 and undermine it later.
Sherlock Holmes: A Game of Shadows is a 2011 period action mystery film directed by Guy Ritchie and produced by Joel Silver, Lionel Wigram, Susan Downey, and Dan Lin.
The Sicilian Defence is a chess opening that begins with the following moves: The Sicilian is the most popular and best-scoring response to White's first move 1.e4.
The Slav Defense is a chess opening that begins with the moves: The Slav is one of the primary defenses to the Queen's Gambit.
The Sokolsky Opening (also known as the Orangutan or Polish) is an uncommon chess opening that begins with the move: According to various databases, out of the twenty possible first moves from White, the move 1.b4 ranks ninth in popularity.
In chess and other chess-like games, tempo is a "turn" or single move.
Tigran Vartanovich Petrosian (Тигра́н Варта́нович Петрося́н; Տիգրան Պետրոսյան; June 17, 1929 – August 13, 1984) was a Soviet Armenian Grandmaster, and World Chess Champion from 1963 to 1969.
Anthony John Miles (23 April 1955 – 12 November 2001) was an English chess grandmaster, the first Englishman to earn the Grandmaster title in over-the-board play.
A transposition in chess and other chess-like games is a sequence of moves that results in a position which may also be reached by another, more common sequence of moves.
The United States Chess Federation (also known as US Chess or USCF) is the governing body for chess competition in the United States and represents the U.S. in FIDE, the World Chess Federation.
Vasily Vasilyevich Smyslov (Василий Васильевич Смыслов; 24 March 1921 – 27 March 2010) was a Soviet and Russian chess grandmaster, who was World Chess Champion from 1957 to 1958.
The World Chess Championship (sometimes abbreviated as WCC) is played to determine the World Champion in chess.
The World Chess Championship 1972 was a match for the World Chess Championship between challenger Bobby Fischer of the United States and defending champion Boris Spassky of the Soviet Union.
Zoltán Ribli (born September 6, 1951 in Mohács) is a Hungarian chess grandmaster and International Arbiter (1995).
1 c4, 1. c4, 1.c4, A10 (chess opening), A11 (chess opening), A12 (chess opening), A13 (chess opening), A14 (chess opening), A15 (chess opening), A16 (chess opening), A17 (chess opening), A18 (chess opening), A19 (chess opening), A20 (chess opening), A21 (chess opening), A22 (chess opening), A23 (chess opening), A24 (chess opening), A25 (chess opening), A26 (chess opening), A27 (chess opening), A28 (chess opening), A29 (chess opening), A30 (chess opening), A31 (chess opening), A32 (chess opening), A33 (chess opening), A34 (chess opening), A35 (chess opening), A36 (chess opening), A37 (chess opening), A38 (chess opening), A39 (chess opening), English Opening, Symmetrical, Main line with d4, English opening, Halibut Gambit, Halibut gambit, Jaenish gambit, Myers Defence, Myers Defense, Myers' Defence, Myers' Defense, Reverse Sicilian, Reversed Sicilian.