223 relations: Account of profits, Act of Parliament, Act of the National Assembly for Wales, Act of the Scottish Parliament, Acts of Parliament in the United Kingdom, Actus reus, Ad hoc, Admiralty court, Admiralty law, Analogy, Anticipatory repudiation, Appellate court, Arrest Convention 1999, Assize of novel disseisin, BBC News, Books of authority, British Empire, By-law, Cambridge University Press, Canon law of the Anglican Communion, Carriage of Goods by Sea Act 1971, Carriage of Goods By Sea Act 1992, Case of Proclamations, Case of Prohibitions, Causation in English law, Cause of action, Chief Justice of the Common Pleas, Civil law (common law), Civil law (legal system), Civil procedure in England and Wales, Civil Procedure Rules, Civil Rights Act of 1964, Codification (law), Collision, Commercial law, Common law, Commonwealth of Nations, Contract, County council, Court of Appeal (England and Wales), Court of Chancery, Court of King's Bench (England), Courts of England and Wales, Criminal Procedure and Investigations Act 1996, Crown Prosecution Service, Crusades, Damages, Debt, Declaratory judgment, Deviation (law), ..., Devolution, Diminished responsibility in English law, Dominion, Donoghue v Stevenson, Duress in English law, Ecclesiastical court, Edward Coke, Edward III of England, England and Wales, English contract law, English Criminal Code, English criminal law, English family law, English property law, English tort law, English trust law, Equitable remedy, Equity (law), European Commission of Human Rights, European Convention on Human Rights, European Union, Euthanasia, Financial compensation, Fiqh, Fisher v Bell, Frederic William Maitland, Gavin Simonds, 1st Viscount Simonds, Gothic Revival architecture, Government, Government of Wales Act 2006, Grant v Norway, Hague–Visby Rules, Halsbury's Laws of England, Hawala, Hearsay in English law, Henry II of England, Henry VIII of England, High Court, High Court of Justice, Hong Kong Fir Shipping Co Ltd v Kawasaki Kisen Kaisha Ltd, Human Rights Act 1998, Injunction, Inns of Court, Intention in English law, International Convention on Salvage, International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea, International trade law, Judge, Judicature Acts, Judicial Committee of the Privy Council, Jurisdiction (area), Jury, Kingdom of England, Knights Templar, Law, Law Commission (England and Wales), Law French, Law of agency, Law of Carriage of Goods by Sea, Law of Property Act 1925, Law of the United States, Law school, Laws in Wales Acts 1535 and 1542, Legal case, Legal fiction, Legal remedy, Legislation, Legislative session, Lex mercatoria, List of English monarchs, List of national legal systems, Lloyd's Open Form, Madrasa, Maliki, Manslaughter in English law, Marine Insurance Act 1906, Marine salvage, Maritime Labour Convention, Maxims of equity, Measure of the National Assembly for Wales, Mechanisms of the English common law, Melbourne University Law Review, Mens rea, Merton College, Oxford, Metropolitan borough, Ministerial order, Misrepresentation Act 1967, Monism and dualism in international law, Montesquieu, Murder in English law, Napoleonic Code, National Assembly for Wales, National Assembly for Wales election, 2007, Necessity in English criminal law, Negligence, Norman conquest of England, Norman law, Normans, North Carolina Law Review, Northern Ireland, Northern Ireland (Temporary Provisions) Act 1972, Northern Ireland Assembly, Nuisance abatement, Open justice, Order in Council, Oxford English Dictionary, Parliament of England, Parliament of the United Kingdom, Pleading in English Act 1362, Precedent, Procedural law, Provocation in English law, Public law, Qiyas, Ratio decidendi, Recklessness (law), Regnal year, Regulation (European Union), Rescission (contract law), Richard I of England, Rights, Robbery, Roger II of Sicily, Roman law, Royal and noble ranks, Royal assent, Royal Courts of Justice, S. F. C. Milsom, Sale of Goods Act 1979, Scotland, Scots law, Self-defence in English law, Self-help (law), Sharia, Short and long titles, Sir Frederick Pollock, 1st Baronet, Statutory instrument, Statutory instrument (UK), Statutory interpretation, Statutory rules of Northern Ireland, Sui generis, Suicide pact, Supranational union, Supreme court, Supreme Court of Judicature Act, Supreme Court of New Zealand, Supreme Court of the United Kingdom, Theft, Theft Act 1968, Time immemorial, Tort, Town council, Treaty, Treaty of Rome, Trust law, United Kingdom, United Kingdom administrative law, United Kingdom company law, United Kingdom constitutional law, United Kingdom labour law, United Kingdom legislation, University of North Carolina School of Law, University of Pennsylvania Law Review, Wales, Walter de Merton, Waqf, Welsh language, Welsh Language Act 1967, Welsh Language Act 1993, Welsh law, William Blackstone, Writ, 1952 Arrest Convention. Expand index (173 more) » « Shrink index
An account of profits (sometimes referred to as an accounting for profits or simply an accounting) is a type of equitable remedy most commonly used in cases of breach of fiduciary duty.
Acts of Parliament, also called primary legislation, are statutes passed by a parliament (legislature).
In Wales, an Act of the National Assembly for Wales (Deddf Cynulliad Cenedlaethol Cymru) (informally, an Act of the Assembly) is primary legislation that can be made by the National Assembly for Wales under part 4 of the Government of Wales Act 2006.
An Act of the Scottish Parliament (Achd Pàrlamaid na h-Alba) is primary legislation made by the Scottish Parliament.
In the United Kingdom, Acts of Parliament are primary legislation passed by the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
Actus reus, sometimes called the external element or the objective element of a crime, is the Latin term for the "guilty act" which, when proved beyond a reasonable doubt in combination with the mens rea, "guilty mind", produces criminal liability in the common law-based criminal law jurisdictions of England and Wales, Canada, Australia, India, Kenya, Pakistan, South Africa, New Zealand, Scotland, Nigeria, Ghana, Ireland, Israel and the United States of America.
Ad hoc is a Latin phrase meaning literally "for this".
Admiralty courts, also known as maritime courts, are courts exercising jurisdiction over all maritime contracts, torts, injuries, and offenses.
Admiralty law or maritime law is a body of law that governs nautical issues and private maritime disputes.
Analogy (from Greek ἀναλογία, analogia, "proportion", from ana- "upon, according to" + logos "ratio") is a cognitive process of transferring information or meaning from a particular subject (the analog, or source) to another (the target), or a linguistic expression corresponding to such a process.
Anticipatory repudiation, also called an anticipatory breach, is a term in the law of contracts that describes a declaration by the promising party to a contract that he or she does not intend to live up to his or her obligations under the contract.
An appellate court, commonly called an appeals court, court of appeals (American English), appeal court (British English), court of second instance or second instance court, is any court of law that is empowered to hear an appeal of a trial court or other lower tribunal.
In 1999, the final text of the International Convention on Arrest of Ships was concluded, and the Convention (generally known as the "Arrest Convention 1999") came into force on 14 September 2011.
In English law, the Assize of novel disseisin ("recent dispossession") was an action to recover lands of which the plaintiff had been disseised, or dispossessed.
BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
Books of authority is a term used by legal writers to refer to a number of early legal textbooks that are excepted from the rule that textbooks (and all books other than statute or law report) are not treated as authorities by the courts of England and Wales and other common law jurisdictions.
The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.
A by-law (bylaw) is a rule or law established by an organization or community to regulate itself, as allowed or provided for by some higher authority.
Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.
The Anglican Communion as a whole, unlike the Roman Catholic Church, does not have a centralised canon law of its own.
The Carriage of Goods by Sea Act 1971 is a United Kingdom Act of Parliament.
The Carriage of Goods By Sea Act 1992 is a UK Statute that repeals the Bills of Lading Act 1855 and makes new provisions.
The Case of Proclamations was a court decision during the reign of King James VI and I (1603-1625) which defined some limitations on the Royal Prerogative at that time.
Case of Prohibitions is a historical English court decision by Sir Edward Coke.
Causation in English law concerns the legal tests of remoteness, causation and foreseeability in the tort of negligence.
A cause of action, in law, is a set of facts sufficient to justify a right to sue to obtain money, property, or the enforcement of a right against another party.
The Chief Justice of the Common Pleas was the head of the Court of Common Pleas, also known as the Common Bench or Common Place, which was the second-highest common law court in the English legal system until 1875, when it, along with the other two common law courts and the equity and probate courts, became part of the High Court of Justice.
Civil law is a branch of the law.
Civil law, civilian law, or Roman law is a legal system originating in Europe, intellectualized within the framework of Roman law, the main feature of which is that its core principles are codified into a referable system which serves as the primary source of law.
English civil procedure shares much in common with the civil law systems of other common law countries.
The Civil Procedure Rules (CPR) are the rules of civil procedure used by the Court of Appeal, High Court of Justice, and County Courts in civil cases in England and Wales.
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 is a landmark civil rights and US labor law in the United States that outlaws discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin.
In law, codification is the process of collecting and restating the law of a jurisdiction in certain areas, usually by subject, forming a legal code, i.e. a codex (book) of law.
A collision is an event in which two or more bodies exert forces on each other for a relatively short time.
Commercial law, also known as trade law, is the body of law that applies to the rights, relations, and conduct of persons and businesses engaged in commerce, merchandising, trade, and sales.
Common law (also known as judicial precedent or judge-made law, or case law) is that body of law derived from judicial decisions of courts and similar tribunals.
The Commonwealth of Nations, often known as simply the Commonwealth, is an intergovernmental organisation of 53 member states that are mostly former territories of the British Empire.
A contract is a promise or set of promises that are legally enforceable and, if violated, allow the injured party access to legal remedies.
A county council is the elected administrative body governing an area known as a county.
The Court of Appeal (COA, formally "Her Majesty's Court of Appeal in England") is the highest court within the Senior Courts of England and Wales, and second only to the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom.
The Court of Chancery was a court of equity in England and Wales that followed a set of loose rules to avoid the slow pace of change and possible harshness (or "inequity") of the common law.
The Court of King's Bench (or Court of Queen's Bench during the reign of a female monarch), formally known as The Court of the King Before the King Himself, was an English court of common law in the English legal system.
The Courts of England and Wales, supported administratively by Her Majesty's Courts and Tribunals Service, are the civil and criminal courts responsible for the administration of justice in England and Wales.
The Criminal Procedure and Investigations Act 1996 is a piece of statutory legislation in the United Kingdom that regulates the procedures of investigating and prosecution of criminal offences.
The Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) is the principal public prosecuting agency for conducting criminal prosecutions in England and Wales.
The Crusades were a series of religious wars sanctioned by the Latin Church in the medieval period.
In law, damages are an award, typically of money, to be paid to a person as compensation for loss or injury.
Debt is when something, usually money, is owed by one party, the borrower or debtor, to a second party, the lender or creditor.
A declaratory judgment, also called a declaration, is the legal determination of a court that resolves legal uncertainty for the litigants.
The doctrine of deviation is a particular aspect of contracts of carriage of goods by sea.
Devolution is the statutory delegation of powers from the central government of a sovereign state to govern at a subnational level, such as a regional or local level.
In English law, diminished responsibility is one of the partial defences that reduce the offence from murder to manslaughter if successful (termed "voluntary" manslaughter for these purposes).
Dominions were semi-independent polities under the British Crown, constituting the British Empire, beginning with Canadian Confederation in 1867.
was a landmark court decision in Scots delict law and English tort law by the House of Lords.
Duress in English law is a complete common law defence, operating in favour of those who commit crimes because they are forced or compelled to do so by the circumstances, or the threats of another.
An ecclesiastical court, also called court Christian or court spiritual, is any of certain courts having jurisdiction mainly in spiritual or religious matters.
Sir Edward Coke ("cook", formerly; 1 February 1552 – 3 September 1634) was an English barrister, judge, and politician who is considered to be the greatest jurist of the Elizabethan and Jacobean eras.
Edward III (13 November 1312 – 21 June 1377) was King of England and Lord of Ireland from January 1327 until his death; he is noted for his military success and for restoring royal authority after the disastrous and unorthodox reign of his father, Edward II.
England and Wales is a legal jurisdiction covering England and Wales, two of the four countries of the United Kingdom.
English contract law is a body of law regulating contracts in England and Wales.
The jurisdiction of England and Wales does not have a Criminal Code though such an instrument has been often recommended and attempted.
English criminal law refers to the body of law in the jurisdiction of England and Wales which deals with crimes and their consequences, and which is complementary to the civil law of England and Wales.
English family law concerns the law relating to family matters in England and Wales.
English property law refers to the law of acquisition, sharing and protection of valuable assets in England and Wales.
English tort law is the law governing implicit civil responsibilities that people have to one another, as opposed to those responsibilities laid out in contracts.
English trust law concerns the creation and protection of asset funds, which are usually held by one party for another's benefit.
Equitable remedies are judicial remedies developed by courts of equity from about the time of Henry VII to provide more flexible responses to changing social conditions than was possible in precedent-based common law.
In jurisdictions following the English common law system, equity is the body of law which was developed in the English Court of Chancery and which is now administered concurrently with the common law.
European Commission of Human Rights was a special tribunal.
The European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) (formally the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms) is an international treaty to protect human rights and political freedoms in Europe.
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
Euthanasia (from εὐθανασία; "good death": εὖ, eu; "well" or "good" – θάνατος, thanatos; "death") is the practice of intentionally ending a life to relieve pain and suffering.
Financial compensation refers to the act of providing a person with money or other things of economic value in exchange for their goods, labor, or to provide for the costs of injuries that they have incurred.
Fiqh (فقه) is Islamic jurisprudence.
Fisher v Bell 1 QB 394 is an English contract law case concerning the requirements of offer and acceptance in the formation of a contract.
Frederic William Maitland, FBA (28 May 1850 – 19 December 1906) was an English historian and lawyer who is generally regarded as the modern father of English legal history.
Gavin Turnbull Simonds, 1st Viscount Simonds, (28 November 1881 – 28 June 1971) was a British judge, politician and Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain.
Gothic Revival (also referred to as Victorian Gothic or neo-Gothic) is an architectural movement that began in the late 1740s in England.
A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, often a state.
The Government of Wales Act 2006 (c 32) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that reforms the National Assembly for Wales and allows further powers to be granted to it more easily.
Grant v Norway (1851) is a case on the Law of Carriage of Goods by Sea; but since 1992 it has no longer been good law.
The Hague–Visby Rules is a set of international rules for the international carriage of goods by sea.
Halsbury's Laws of England is a uniquely comprehensive encyclopaedia of law, and provides the only complete narrative statement of law in England and Wales.
Hawala or hewala (حِوالة, meaning transfer or sometimes trust), also known as hundi or—in Somali, xawala or xawilaad—is a popular and informal value transfer system based not on the movement of cash, or on telegraph or computer network wire transfers between banks, but instead on the performance and honour of a huge network of money brokers (known as "hawaladars").
The hearsay provisions of the Criminal Justice Act 2003 reformed the common law relating to the admissibility of hearsay evidence in criminal proceedings begun on or after 4 April 2005.
Henry II (5 March 1133 – 6 July 1189), also known as Henry Curtmantle (Court-manteau), Henry FitzEmpress or Henry Plantagenet, ruled as Count of Anjou, Count of Maine, Duke of Normandy, Duke of Aquitaine, Count of Nantes, King of England and Lord of Ireland; at various times, he also partially controlled Wales, Scotland and Brittany.
Henry VIII (28 June 1491 – 28 January 1547) was King of England from 1509 until his death.
High court usually refers to the superior court (or supreme court) of a country or state.
The High Court of Justice is, together with the Court of Appeal and the Crown Court, one of the Senior Courts of England and Wales.
Hong Kong Fir Shipping Co Ltd v Kawasaki Kisen Kaisha Ltd is a landmark English contract law case.
The Human Rights Act 1998 (c42) is an Act of Parliament of the United Kingdom which received Royal Assent on 9 November 1998, and mostly came into force on 2 October 2000.
An injunction is an equitable remedy in the form of a court order that compels a party to do or refrain from specific acts.
The Inns of Court in London are the professional associations for barristers in England and Wales.
In English criminal law, intention is one of the types of mens rea (Latin for "guilty mind") that, when accompanied by an actus reus (Latin for "guilty act"), constitutes a crime.
The International Convention on Salvage is a treaty that was concluded in London on 28 April 1989 that replaced the Brussels Convention on Assistance and Salvage at Sea as the principal multilateral document governing marine salvage.
The International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea 1972 (COLREGs) are published by the International Maritime Organization (IMO) and set out, among other things, the "rules of the road" or navigation rules to be followed by ships and other vessels at sea to prevent collisions between two or more vessels.
International trade law includes the appropriate rules and customs for handling trade between countries.
A judge is a person who presides over court proceedings, either alone or as a part of a panel of judges.
The Judicature Acts are a series of Acts of Parliament, beginning in the 1870s, which aimed to fuse the hitherto split system of courts in England and Wales.
The Judicial Committee of the Privy Council (JCPC) is the highest court of appeal for certain British territories and Commonwealth countries.
A jurisdiction is an area with a set of laws under the control of a system of courts or government entity which are different from neighbouring areas.
A jury is a sworn body of people convened to render an impartial verdict (a finding of fact on a question) officially submitted to them by a court, or to set a penalty or judgment.
The Kingdom of England (French: Royaume d'Angleterre; Danish: Kongeriget England; German: Königreich England) was a sovereign state on the island of Great Britain from the 10th century—when it emerged from various Anglo-Saxon kingdoms—until 1707, when it united with Scotland to form the Kingdom of Great Britain.
The Poor Fellow-Soldiers of Christ and of the Temple of Solomon (Pauperes commilitones Christi Templique Salomonici), also known as the Order of Solomon's Temple, the Knights Templar or simply as Templars, were a Catholic military order recognised in 1139 by papal bull Omne Datum Optimum of the Holy See.
Law is a system of rules that are created and enforced through social or governmental institutions to regulate behavior.
In England and Wales the Law Commission (Comisiwm y Gyfraith) is an independent body set up by Parliament by the Law Commissions Act 1965 to keep the law of England and Wales under review and to recommend reforms.
Law French is an archaic language originally based on Old Norman and Anglo-Norman, but increasingly influenced by Parisian French and, later, English.
The law of agency is an area of commercial law dealing with a set of contractual, quasi-contractual and non-contractual fiduciary relationships that involve a person, called the agent, that is authorized to act on behalf of another (called the principal) to create legal relations with a third party.
The law of carriage of goods by sea is a body of law that governs the rights and duties of shippers, carriers and consignees of marine cargo.
The Law of Property Act 1925 is a statute of the United Kingdom Parliament.
The law of the United States comprises many levels of codified and uncodified forms of law, of which the most important is the United States Constitution, the foundation of the federal government of the United States.
A law school (also known as a law centre or college of law) is an institution specializing in legal education, usually involved as part of a process for becoming a lawyer within a given jurisdiction.
The Laws in Wales Acts 1535 and 1542 (Y Deddfau Cyfreithiau yng Nghymru 1535 a 1542) were parliamentary measures by which Wales became a full and equal part of the Kingdom of England and the legal system of England was extended to Wales and the norms of English administration introduced.
A legal case is a dispute between opposing parties resolved by a court, or by some equivalent legal process.
A legal fiction is a fact assumed or created by courts which is then used in order to help reach a decision or to apply a legal rule.
A legal remedy, also judicial relief or a judicial remedy, is the means with which a court of law, usually in the exercise of civil law jurisdiction, enforces a right, imposes a penalty, or makes another court order to impose its will.
Legislation (or "statutory law") is law which has been promulgated (or "enacted") by a legislature or other governing body or the process of making it.
A legislative session is the period of time in which a legislature, in both parliamentary and presidential systems, is convened for purpose of lawmaking, usually being one of two or more smaller divisions of the entire time between two elections.
Lex mercatoria (from the Latin for "merchant law"), often referred to as "the Law Merchant" in English, is the body of commercial law used by merchants throughout Europe during the medieval period.
This list of kings and queens of the Kingdom of England begins with Alfred the Great, King of Wessex, one of the petty kingdoms to rule a portion of modern England.
The contemporary legal systems of the world are generally based on one of four basic systems: civil law, common law, statutory law, religious law or combinations of these.
The Lloyd's Open Form, formally "Lloyd's Standard Form of Salvage Agreement", and commonly referred to as the LOF, is a standard form contract for a proposed marine salvage operation.
Madrasa (مدرسة,, pl. مدارس) is the Arabic word for any type of educational institution, whether secular or religious (of any religion), and whether a school, college, or university.
The (مالكي) school is one of the four major madhhab of Islamic jurisprudence within Sunni Islam.
In the English law of homicide, manslaughter is a less serious offence than murder, the differential being between levels of fault based on the mens rea (Latin for "guilty mind") or by reason of a partial defence.
The Marine Insurance Act 1906 (8 Edw. 7 c.41) is a UK Act of Parliament regulating marine insurance.
Marine salvage is the process of recovering a ship and its cargo after a shipwreck or other maritime casualty.
The Maritime Labour Convention (MLC) is an International Labour Organization convention, number 186, established in 2006 as the fourth pillar of international maritime law and embodies "all up-to-date standards of existing international maritime labour Conventions and Recommendations, as well as the fundamental principles to be found in other international labour Conventions".
Maxims of equity are legal maxims that serve as a set of general principles or rules which are said to govern the way in which equity operates.
A Measure of the National Assembly for Wales (informally, an Assembly Measure) is primary legislation in Wales that is a category lower than an Act of Parliament.
In the English system of common law, judges have devised a number of mechanisms to allow them to cope with precedent decisions.
The Melbourne University Law Review is a triannual law journal published by a student group at Melbourne Law School covering all areas of law.
Mens rea (Law Latin for "guilty mind") is the mental element of a person's intention to commit a crime; or knowledge that one's action or lack of action would cause a crime to be committed.
Merton College (in full: The House or College of Scholars of Merton in the University of Oxford) is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in England.
A metropolitan borough is a type of local government district in England, and is a subdivision of a metropolitan county.
A ministerial decree or ministerial order is a decree by a ministry.
Misrepresentation Act 1967 is a United Kingdom Act of Parliament of the United Kingdom which amended the common law principles of misrepresentation.
The terms monism and dualism are used to describe two different theories of the relationship between international law and national law.
Charles-Louis de Secondat, Baron de La Brède et de Montesquieu (18 January 1689 – 10 February 1755), generally referred to as simply Montesquieu, was a French judge, man of letters, and political philosopher.
Murder is an offence under the common law of England and Wales.
The Napoleonic Code (officially Code civil des Français, referred to as (le) Code civil) is the French civil code established under Napoléon I in 1804.
The National Assembly for Wales (Cynulliad Cenedlaethol Cymru; commonly known as the Welsh Assembly) is a devolved parliament with power to make legislation in Wales.
The 2007 National Assembly election was held on Thursday 3 May 2007 to elect members to the National Assembly for Wales.
In English law, the defence of necessity recognises that there may be situations of such overwhelming urgency that a person must be allowed to respond by breaking the law.
Negligence (Lat. negligentia) is a failure to exercise appropriate and or ethical ruled care expected to be exercised amongst specified circumstances.
The Norman conquest of England (in Britain, often called the Norman Conquest or the Conquest) was the 11th-century invasion and occupation of England by an army of Norman, Breton, Flemish and French soldiers led by Duke William II of Normandy, later styled William the Conqueror.
Norman law refers to the customary law of the Duchy of Normandy which developed between the 10th and 13th centuries and which survives today in the legal systems of Jersey and the other Channel Islands.
The Normans (Norman: Normaunds; Normands; Normanni) were the people who, in the 10th and 11th centuries, gave their name to Normandy, a region in France.
The North Carolina Law Review is the law journal of the University of North Carolina School of Law.
Northern Ireland (Tuaisceart Éireann; Ulster-Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a part of the United Kingdom in the north-east of the island of Ireland, variously described as a country, province or region.
The Northern Ireland (Temporary Provisions) Act 1972 (c. 22) was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that introduced direct rule in Northern Ireland with effect from 30 March 1972.
The Northern Ireland Assembly (Tionól Thuaisceart Éireann, Ulster-Scots: Norlin Airlan Assemblie) is the devolved legislature of Northern Ireland.
Nuisance abatement is a growing area within policing and code enforcement.
Open justice is a legal principle describing legal processes characterized by openness and transparency.
An Order in Council is a type of legislation in many countries, especially the Commonwealth realms.
The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) is the main historical dictionary of the English language, published by the Oxford University Press.
The Parliament of England was the legislature of the Kingdom of England, existing from the early 13th century until 1707, when it became the Parliament of Great Britain after the political union of England and Scotland created the Kingdom of Great Britain.
The Parliament of the United Kingdom, commonly known as the UK Parliament or British Parliament, is the supreme legislative body of the United Kingdom, the Crown dependencies and overseas territories.
The Pleading in English Act 1362 (36 Edw. III c. 15), often rendered Statute of Pleading, was an Act of the Parliament of England.
In common law legal systems, a precedent, or authority, is a principle or rule established in a previous legal case that is either binding on or persuasive for a court or other tribunal when deciding subsequent cases with similar issues or facts.
Procedural law, adjective law, or rules of court comprises the rules by which a court hears and determines what happens in civil, lawsuit, criminal or administrative proceedings.
In English law, provocation was a mitigatory defence alleging a total loss of control as a response to another's provocative conduct sufficient to convert what would otherwise have been murder into manslaughter.
Public law is that part of law which governs relationships between individuals and the government, and those relationships between individuals which are of direct concern to society.
In Islamic jurisprudence, qiyās (قياس) is the process of deductive analogy in which the teachings of the Hadith are compared and contrasted with those of the Qur'an, in order to apply a known injunction (nass) to a new circumstance and create a new injunction.
Ratio decidendi (Latin plural rationes decidendi) is a Latin phrase meaning "the reason" or "the rationale for the decision".
In criminal law and in the law of tort, recklessness may be defined as the state of mind where a person deliberately and unjustifiably pursues a course of action while consciously disregarding any risks flowing from such action.
A regnal year is a year of the reign of a sovereign, from the Latin regnum meaning kingdom, rule.
A regulation is a legal act of the European Union that becomes immediately enforceable as law in all member states simultaneously.
In contract law, rescission has been defined as the unmaking of a contract between parties.
Richard I (8 September 1157 – 6 April 1199) was King of England from 1189 until his death.
Rights are legal, social, or ethical principles of freedom or entitlement; that is, rights are the fundamental normative rules about what is allowed of people or owed to people, according to some legal system, social convention, or ethical theory.
Robbery is the crime of taking or attempting to take anything of value by force, threat of force, or by putting the victim in fear.
Roger II (22 December 1095Houben, p. 30. – 26 February 1154) was King of Sicily, son of Roger I of Sicily and successor to his brother Simon.
Roman law is the legal system of ancient Rome, including the legal developments spanning over a thousand years of jurisprudence, from the Twelve Tables (c. 449 BC), to the Corpus Juris Civilis (AD 529) ordered by Eastern Roman Emperor Justinian I. Roman law forms the basic framework for civil law, the most widely used legal system today, and the terms are sometimes used synonymously.
Traditional rank amongst European royalty, peers, and nobility is rooted in Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages.
Royal assent or sanction is the method by which a country's monarch (possibly through a delegated official) formally approves an act of that nation's parliament.
The Royal Courts of Justice, commonly called the Law Courts, is a court building in London which houses the High Court and Court of Appeal of England and Wales.
Stroud Francis Charles Milsom QC FBA FRHistS (2 May 1923 – 24 February 2016) was an English legal historian known for fundamentally revising some of the ideas of F.W. Maitland.
The Sale of Goods Act 1979 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom which regulated English contract law and UK commercial law in respect of goods that are sold and bought.
Scotland (Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.
Scots law is the legal system of Scotland.
Self-defence is a legal doctrine which says that a person may use reasonable force in the defence of themself or another.
Self-help, in the sense of a legal doctrine, refers to individuals' implementation of their rights without resorting to legal writ or consultation of higher authority, as where a financial institution repossesses a car on which they hold both the title and a defaulted note.
Sharia, Sharia law, or Islamic law (شريعة) is the religious law forming part of the Islamic tradition.
The short title is the formal name by which a piece of primary legislation may by law be cited in the United Kingdom and other Westminster-influenced jurisdictions (such as Canada or Australia), as well as the United States and the Philippines.
Sir Jonathan Frederick Pollock, 1st Baronet, PC (23 September 1783 – 28 August 1870) was a British lawyer and Tory politician.
In many countries, a statutory instrument is a form of delegated legislation.
A statutory instrument (SI) is the principal form in which delegated legislation is made in Great Britain.
Statutory interpretation is the process by which courts interpret and apply legislation.
The statutory rules of Northern Ireland are the principal form in which delegated legislation is made in Northern Ireland.
Sui generis is a Latin phrase that means "of its (his, her, their) own kind; in a class by itself; unique." A number of disciplines use the term to refer to unique entities.
A suicide pact is an agreed plan between two or more individuals to commit suicide.
A supranational union is a type of multinational political union where negotiated power is delegated to an authority by governments of member states.
A supreme court is the highest court within the hierarchy of courts in many legal jurisdictions.
Supreme Court of Judicature Act (with its variations) is a stock short title which was formerly used for legislation in the United Kingdom relating to the Supreme Court of Judicature for England and Wales and the court of the same name for Ireland.
The Supreme Court of New Zealand (in Māori: Te Kōti Mana Nui) is the highest court and the court of last resort of New Zealand, having formally come into existence on 1 January 2004.
The Supreme Court of the United Kingdom is the supreme court in all matters under English and Welsh law, Northern Irish law and Scottish civil law.
In common usage, theft is the taking of another person's property or services without that person's permission or consent with the intent to deprive the rightful owner of it.
The Theft Act 1968 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
Time immemorial (temps immémorial) is a phrase meaning time extending beyond the reach of memory, record, or tradition, indefinitely ancient, "ancient beyond memory or record".
A tort, in common law jurisdictions, is a civil wrong that causes a claimant to suffer loss or harm resulting in legal liability for the person who commits the tortious act.
A town council, village council or rural council is a form of local government for small municipalities.
A treaty is an agreement under international law entered into by actors in international law, namely sovereign states and international organizations.
The Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU; also referred to as the Treaty of Rome) is one of two treaties forming the constitutional basis of the European Union (EU), the other being the Treaty on European Union (TEU; also referred to as the Treaty of Maastricht).
A trust is a three-party fiduciary relationship in which the first party, the trustor or settlor, transfers ("settles") a property (often but not necessarily a sum of money) upon the second party (the trustee) for the benefit of the third party, the beneficiary.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
United Kingdom administrative law is a branch of UK public law concerned with the composition, procedures, powers, duties, rights and liabilities of public bodies that administer public policies.
The United Kingdom company law regulates corporations formed under the Companies Act 2006.
United Kingdom constitutional law concerns the political governance of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
United Kingdom labour law regulates the relations between workers, employers and trade unions.
The United Kingdom legislation derives from a number of different sources.
The University of North Carolina School of Law is a professional school within the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
The University of Pennsylvania Law Review is a law review focusing on legal issues, published by an organization of second and third year J.D. students at the University of Pennsylvania Law School.
Wales (Cymru) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and the island of Great Britain.
Walter de Merton (c. 1205 – 27 October 1277) was Bishop of Rochester and founder of Merton College, Oxford.
A waqf (وقف), also known as habous or mortmain property, is an inalienable charitable endowment under Islamic law, which typically involves donating a building, plot of land or other assets for Muslim religious or charitable purposes with no intention of reclaiming the assets.
Welsh (Cymraeg or y Gymraeg) is a member of the Brittonic branch of the Celtic languages.
The Welsh Language Act 1967, is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom which gave some rights to use the Welsh language in legal proceedings in Wales (including Monmouthshire) and gave the relevant Minister the right to authorise the production of a Welsh version of any documents required or allowed by the Act.
The Welsh Language Act 1993, is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, which put the Welsh language on an equal footing with the English language in Wales with regard to the public sector.
Welsh law is the primary and secondary legislation generated by the National Assembly for Wales, according to devolved authority granted in the Government of Wales Act 2006.
Sir William Blackstone (10 July 1723 – 14 February 1780) was an English jurist, judge and Tory politician of the eighteenth century.
In common law, a writ (Anglo-Saxon gewrit, Latin breve) is a formal written order issued by a body with administrative or judicial jurisdiction; in modern usage, this body is generally a court.
The 1952 Arrest Convention (full title: International Convention for the unification of certain rules relating to Arrest of Sea-going Ships) is a 1952 multilateral treaty whereby states agree to rules on the arrest of ships.
Anglo-Norman law, British Law, British common law, British judicial system, Common law of England, English Common Law, English Common law, English Law, English and Welsh law, English case law, English common Law, English common law, English common-law, English jurisdiction, English laws, English legal expression, English legal history, English legal system, English legal term, Jurisdiction of England and Wales, Law in England, Law in England and Wales, Law of England, Law of England and Wales, Laws of England, Leading cases in English law, Legal requirement in England, Legal system in England and Wales, Legal system of England and Wales, UK Civil Litigation.