110 relations: Alardo de Popma, Albrecht Dürer, Alexander the Great, Ancient history, Andrea Mantegna, Art of the Upper Paleolithic, École Estienne, Banknote, Bezalel, Buffalo nickel, Bureau of Engraving and Printing, Burin (engraving), Cartography, Claude Mellan, Counterfeit, Czesław Słania, Degree (angle), Denis Diderot, Die (manufacturing), Diepkloof Rock Shelter, Drypoint, Engagement ring, Engraved gem, Ephod, Etching, Evan Lindquist, Francisco Goya, Gemstone, Geoffroy Gournet, Georg Matthäus Vischer, Giovanni Battista Piranesi, Giulio Campagnola, Glass engraving, Godfrey Lundberg, Goldsmith, Great Depression, Gustave Doré, Halftone, Hardstone carving, Hatching, Hendrik Goltzius, Hieronymus Wierix, Hobo nickel, Humphrey Paget, Intaglio (printmaking), Israel, Israhel van Meckenem, Jacopo de' Barbari, Jan Saenredam, Jean-Pierre Norblin de La Gourdaine, ..., José Guadalupe Posada, Judah (son of Jacob), Laser engraving, Leonard Charles Wyon, Letterhead, Line engraving, List of stationery topics, Lost-wax casting, Louis Daniel Nimschke, Lucas van Leyden, Lucas Vorsterman, Malcolm Appleby, Martin Schongauer, Maso Finiguerra, Master E. S., Matthäus Merian, Mauricio Lasansky, Metalworking, Mezzotint, Middle Stone Age, Milling (machining), Names of God in Judaism, National Museum, Warsaw, Nikolaos Ventouras, Northern Renaissance, Old master print, Pantograph, Paulus Pontius, Petroglyph, Photoengraving, Photography, Photogravure, Polycrates, Printing, Printing press, Printmaking, Prussia, Relief, Relief printing, Rembrandt, Repoussé and chasing, Rotogravure, Security printing, Sharpening stone, Stanley William Hayter, Steel engraving, Stipple engraving, Stippling, Theodor de Bry, Toreutics, Veil of Veronica, Warsaw, Wedding ring, Wierix family, Willem Panneels, William Blake, William Hamlin, William Hogarth, William Wyon, Wood engraving. Expand index (60 more) » « Shrink index
Alardo de Popma (before 1617–1641) was a Flemish engraver, who worked in Madrid in the early seventeenth century, according to the earliest references to his works.
Albrecht Dürer (21 May 1471 – 6 April 1528)Müller, Peter O. (1993) Substantiv-Derivation in Den Schriften Albrecht Dürers, Walter de Gruyter.
Alexander III of Macedon (20/21 July 356 BC – 10/11 June 323 BC), commonly known as Alexander the Great (Aléxandros ho Mégas), was a king (basileus) of the ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon and a member of the Argead dynasty.
Ancient history is the aggregate of past events, "History" from the beginning of recorded human history and extending as far as the Early Middle Ages or the post-classical history.
Andrea Mantegna (September 13, 1506) was an Italian painter, a student of Roman archeology, and son-in-law of Jacopo Bellini.
The art of the Upper Paleolithic is amongst the oldest art known (sometimes called prehistoric art).
L’école Estienne is the traditional name of the l’École supérieure des arts et industries graphiques (ESAIG) (Graduate School of Arts and Printing Industry).
A banknote (often known as a bill, paper money, or simply a note) is a type of negotiable promissory note, made by a bank, payable to the bearer on demand.
In Exodus 31:1-6 and chapters 36 to 39, Bezalel (בְּצַלְאֵל, Bəṣalʼēl, also transcribed as Betzalel), was the chief artisan of the Tabernacle and was in charge of building the Ark of the Covenant, assisted by Aholiab.
The Buffalo nickel or Indian Head nickel is a copper-nickel five-cent piece that was struck by the United States Mint from 1913 to 1938.
The Bureau of Engraving and Printing (BEP) is a government agency within the United States Department of the Treasury that designs and produces a variety of security products for the United States government, most notable of which is Federal Reserve Notes (paper money) for the Federal Reserve, the nation's central bank.
Cartography (from Greek χάρτης chartēs, "papyrus, sheet of paper, map"; and γράφειν graphein, "write") is the study and practice of making maps.
Claude Mellan (23 May 1598 – 9 September 1688) was a French draughtsman, engraver, and painter.
The counterfeit means to imitate something.
Czesław Słania (22 October 1921 Czeladź; 17 March 2005 Kraków) was a Polish postage stamp and banknote engraver.
A degree (in full, a degree of arc, arc degree, or arcdegree), usually denoted by ° (the degree symbol), is a measurement of a plane angle, defined so that a full rotation is 360 degrees.
Denis Diderot (5 October 171331 July 1784) was a French philosopher, art critic, and writer, best known for serving as co-founder, chief editor, and contributor to the Encyclopédie along with Jean le Rond d'Alembert.
A die is a specialized tool used in manufacturing industries to cut or shape material mostly using a press.
Diepkloof Rock Shelter is a rock shelter in Western Cape, South Africa in which has been found some of the earliest evidence of the human use of symbols, in the form of patterns engraved upon ostrich eggshell water containers.
Drypoint is a printmaking technique of the intaglio family, in which an image is incised into a plate (or "matrix") with a hard-pointed "needle" of sharp metal or diamond point.
An engagement ring is a ring indicating that the person wearing it is engaged to be married, especially in Western cultures.
An engraved gem, frequently referred to as an intaglio, is a small and usually semi-precious gemstone that has been carved, in the Western tradition normally with images or inscriptions only on one face.
An ephod (אֵפוֹד ’êp̄ōḏ; or) was an artifact and an object to be revered in ancient Israelite culture, and was closely connected with oracular practices and priestly ritual.
Etching is traditionally the process of using strong acid or mordant to cut into the unprotected parts of a metal surface to create a design in intaglio (incised) in the metal.
Evan Lindquist (born May 23, 1936) is an American artist and printmaker who was appointed to be the first Artist Laureate for the State of Arkansas.
Francisco José de Goya y Lucientes (30 March 1746 – 16 April 1828) was a Spanish romantic painter and printmaker.
A gemstone (also called a gem, fine gem, jewel, precious stone, or semi-precious stone) is a piece of mineral crystal which, in cut and polished form, is used to make jewelry or other adornments.
Geoffroy Gournet is a European-trained master engraver.
Georg Matthäus Vischer (22 April 1628 – 13 December 1696) was an Austrian topographer, cartographer, engraver and parish priest in Leonstein (Upper Austria) and Vienna.
Giovanni Battista (also Giambattista or Piranesi) (4 October 1720 – 9 November 1778) was an Italian artist famous for his etchings of Rome and of fictitious and atmospheric "prisons" (Le Carceri d'Invenzione).
Giulio Campagnola (c. 1482 – c. 1515) was an Italian engraver and painter, whose few, rare, prints translated the rich Venetian Renaissance style of oil paintings of Giorgione and the early Titian into the medium of engraving; to further his exercises in gradations of tone, he also invented the stipple technique, where multitudes of tiny dots or dashes allow smooth graduations of tone in the essentially linear technique of engraving; variations on this discovery were to be of huge importance in future printmaking.
Glass engraving is a form of decorative glasswork that involves engraving a glass surface or object.
Godfrey Emanuel Lundberg (May 4, 1879 – January 8, 1933) was an accomplished engraver during the early part of the 20th century.
A goldsmith is a metalworker who specializes in working with gold and other precious metals.
The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression that took place mostly during the 1930s, beginning in the United States.
Paul Gustave Louis Christophe Doré (6 January 1832 – 23 January 1883) was a French artist, printmaker, illustrator, comics artist, caricaturist and sculptor who worked primarily with wood engraving.
Halftone is the reprographic technique that simulates continuous tone imagery through the use of dots, varying either in size or in spacing, thus generating a gradient-like effect.
Hardstone carving is a general term in art history and archaeology for the artistic carving of predominantly semi-precious stones (but also of gemstones), such as jade, rock crystal (clear quartz), agate, onyx, jasper, serpentine, or carnelian, and for an object made in this way.
Hatching (hachure in French) is an artistic technique used to create tonal or shading effects by drawing (or painting or scribing) closely spaced parallel lines.
Hendrick Goltzius (January or February 1558 – 1 January 1617) was a German-born Dutch printmaker, draftsman, and painter.
Hieronymus (also Jerome) Wierix (1553–1619) was a Flemish engraver and brother of Jan Wierix, and member of the Antwerp Wierix family who made engravings after well-known artists, including Albrecht Dürer.
The hobo nickel is a sculptural art form involving the creative modification of small-denomination coins, essentially resulting in miniature bas reliefs.
Thomas Humphrey Paget OBE (13 August 1893 – May 1974) was an English medal and coin designer and modeller.
Intaglio is the family of printing and printmaking techniques in which the image is incised into a surface and the incised line or sunken area holds the ink.
Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in the Middle East, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea.
Israhel van Meckenem (c.1445 – 10 November 1503), also known as Israhel van Meckenem the Younger, was a German printmaker and goldsmith, perhaps of a Dutch family origin.
Jacopo de' Barbari, sometimes known or referred to as de'Barbari, de Barberi, de Barbari, Barbaro, Barberino, Barbarigo or Barberigo (c. 1460/70 – before 1516), was an Italian painter and printmaker with a highly individual style.
Jan Pieterszoon Saenredam (1565 – 6 April 1607) was a Dutch Northern Mannerist painter, printmaker in engraving, and cartographer, and father of the painter of church interiors, Pieter Jansz Saenredam.
Jean-Pierre Norblin de La Gourdaine (Jan Piotr Norblin; 15 July 1745 – 23 February 1830) was a French-born painter, draughtsman, engraver, drawing artist and caricaturist.
José Guadalupe Posada (February 2, 1852 – January 20, 1913) was a Mexican political printmaker and engraver whose work has influenced many Latin American artists and cartoonists because of its satirical acuteness and social engagement.
Judah (יְהוּדָה, Standard Yəhuda Tiberian Yehuḏā) was, according to the Book of Genesis, the fourth son of Jacob and Leah, the founder of the Israelite Tribe of Judah.
Laser engraving, which is a subset of laser marking, is the practice of using lasers to engrave an object.
Leonard Charles Wyon (23 November 1826 – 20 August 1891) was a British engraver of the Victorian era most notable for his work on the gold and silver coinage struck for the Golden Jubilee of Queen Victoria in 1887 and the bronze coinage of 1860 with the second ("bun") head portrait, in use from 1860 to 1894.
A letterhead, or letterheaded paper, is the heading at the top of a sheet of letter paper (stationery).
Line engraving is a term for engraved images printed on paper to be used as prints or illustrations.
This is a list of stationery topics.
Lost-wax casting (also called "investment casting", "precision casting", or cire perdue in French) is the process by which a duplicate metal sculpture (often silver, gold, brass or bronze) is cast from an original sculpture.
Louis Daniel Nimschke (July 4, 1832 – April 29, 1904) was a master firearms engraver of the 19th century who engraved over 5,000 firearms between 1850 and 1904 for Colt's Patent Fire Arms Co., Winchester, Remington, Sharps, Smith & Wesson, Henry, Manhattan Arms, Marlin Firearms and Stevens Arms.
Lucas van Leyden (1494 – 8 August 1533), also named either Lucas Hugensz or Lucas Jacobsz, was a Dutch engraver and painter.
Lucas Vorsterman (1595–1675) was a Baroque engraver.
Malcolm Appleby MBE (born 1946 in West Wickham) is an English engraver.
Martin Schongauer (c. 1445, Colmar – 2 February 1491, Breisach), also known as Martin Schön ("Martin beautiful") or Hübsch Martin ("pretty Martin") by his contemporaries, was an Alsatian engraver and painter.
Maso Tommasoii Finiguerra (1426–1464) was an Italian goldsmith, niellist, draftsman, and engraver working in Florence, who was incorrectly described by Giorgio Vasari as the inventor of engraving as a printmaking technique.
Master E. S. (c. 1420 – c. 1468; previously known as the Master of 1466) is an unidentified German engraver, goldsmith, and printmaker of the late Gothic period.
Matthäus Merian der Ältere (or "Matthew", "the Elder", or "Sr."; 22 September 1593 – 19 June 1650) was a Swiss-born engraver who worked in Frankfurt for most of his career, where he also ran a publishing house.
Mauricio Leib Lasansky (October 12, 1914 – April 2, 2012) was an Argentine artist and educator known both for his advanced techniques in intaglio printmaking and for a series of 33 pencil drawings from the 1960s titled "The Nazi Drawings." Lasansky, who migrated to and became a citizen of the United States, established the school of printmaking at the University of Iowa, which offered the first Master of Fine Arts program in the field in the United States.
Metalworking is the process of working with metals to create individual parts, assemblies, or large-scale structures.
Mezzotint is a printmaking process of the intaglio family, technically a drypoint method.
The Middle Stone Age (or MSA) was a period of African prehistory between the Early Stone Age and the Later Stone Age.
Milling is the machining process of using rotary cutters to remove material from a workpiece by advancing (or feeding) the cutter into the workpiece at a certain direction.
The name of God most often used in the Hebrew Bible is the Tetragrammaton (YHWH). It is frequently anglicized as Jehovah and Yahweh and written in most English editions of the Bible as "the " owing to the Jewish tradition viewing the divine name as increasingly too sacred to be uttered.
The National Museum in Warsaw (Muzeum Narodowe w Warszawie), popularly abbreviated as MNW, is a national museum in Warsaw, one of the largest museums in Poland and the largest in the capital.
Nikos Ventouras (August 31, 1899 – April 1, 1990) was a Greek artist and engraver.
The Northern Renaissance was the Renaissance that occurred in Europe north of the Alps.
An old master print is a work of art produced by a printing process within the Western tradition.
A pantograph (Greek roots παντ- "all, every" and γραφ- "to write", from their original use for copying writing) is a mechanical linkage connected in a manner based on parallelograms so that the movement of one pen, in tracing an image, produces identical movements in a second pen.
Paulus Pontius (May 1603 in Antwerp – 16 January 1658 in Antwerp) was a Flemish engraver and painter.
Petroglyphs are images created by removing part of a rock surface by incising, picking, carving, or abrading, as a form of rock art.
Photoengraving is a process that uses a light-sensitive photoresist applied to the surface to be engraved to create a mask that shields some areas during a subsequent operation which etches, dissolves, or otherwise removes some or all of the material from the unshielded areas.
Photography is the science, art, application and practice of creating durable images by recording light or other electromagnetic radiation, either electronically by means of an image sensor, or chemically by means of a light-sensitive material such as photographic film.
Photogravure is an intaglio printmaking or photo-mechanical process whereby a copper plate is grained (adding a pattern to the plate) and then coated with a light-sensitive gelatin tissue which had been exposed to a film positive, and then etched, resulting in a high quality intaglio plate that can reproduce detailed continuous tones of a photograph.
Polycrates (Πολυκράτης, in English usually Polycrates but sometimes Polykrates), son of Aeaces, was the tyrant of Samos from c. 538 BC to 522 BC.
Printing is a process for reproducing text and images using a master form or template.
A printing press is a device for applying pressure to an inked surface resting upon a print medium (such as paper or cloth), thereby transferring the ink.
Printmaking is the process of making artworks by printing, normally on paper.
Prussia (Preußen) was a historically prominent German state that originated in 1525 with a duchy centred on the region of Prussia.
Relief is a sculptural technique where the sculpted elements remain attached to a solid background of the same material.
Relief printing is a family of printing methods where a printing block, plate or matrix that has had ink applied to its surface, but not to any recessed areas, is brought into contact with paper.
Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn (15 July 1606 – 4 October 1669) was a Dutch draughtsman, painter, and printmaker.
Repoussé or repoussage (respectively) is a metalworking technique in which a malleable metal is ornamented or shaped by hammering from the reverse side to create a design in low relief.
Rotogravure (roto or gravure for short) is a type of intaglio printing process, which involves engraving the image onto an image carrier.
Security printing is the field of the printing industry that deals with the printing of items such as banknotes, cheques, passports, tamper-evident labels, security tapes, product authentication, stock certificates, postage stamps and identity cards.
Sharpening stones, water stones or whetstones are used to sharpen the edges of steel tools and implements through grinding and honing.
Stanley William Hayter (27 December 1901 – 4 May 1988) was an English painter and printmaker associated in the 1930s with Surrealism and from 1940 onward with Abstract Expressionism.
Steel engraving is a technique for printing illustrations based on steel instead of copper.
Stipple engraving is a technique used to create tone in an intaglio print by distributing a pattern of dots of various sizes and densities across the image.
Stippling is the creation of a pattern simulating varying degrees of solidity or shading by using small dots.
Theodorus de Bry (also Theodor de Bry) (1528 – 27 March 1598) was an engraver, goldsmith, editor and publisher, famous for his depictions of early European expeditions to the Americas.
Toreutics is a term, relatively rare in English, for artistic metalworking, by hammering gold or silver (or other materials), engraving, Repoussé and chasing to form minute detailed reliefs or small engraved patterns.
The Veil of Veronica, or Sudarium (Latin for sweat-cloth), often called simply "The Veronica" and known in Italian as the Volto Santo or Holy Face (but not to be confused with the carved crucifix Volto Santo of Lucca), is a Christian relic of a piece of cloth which, according to tradition, bears the likeness of the face of Jesus not made by human hand (i.e. an acheiropoieton).
Warsaw (Warszawa; see also other names) is the capital and largest city of Poland.
A wedding ring or wedding band is a finger ring that indicates that its wearer is married.
The Wierix family, sometimes seen in alternative spellings such as Wiericx, were a Flemish family of artists who distinguished themselves as printmakers and draughtsmen in the late 16th and early 17th centuries.
Willem Panneels (c.1600–c.1634) was a Flemish engraver who was active in the first half of the 17th century.
William Blake (28 November 1757 – 12 August 1827) was an English poet, painter, and printmaker.
William Hamlin (15 October 1772 – 22 November 1869), an entrepreneur, was an early American engraver and the first engraver for the state of Rhode Island.
William Hogarth FRSA (10 November 1697 – 26 October 1764) was an English painter, printmaker, pictorial satirist, social critic, and editorial cartoonist.
William Wyon (1795 in Birmingham – 29 October 1851), was official chief engraver at the Royal Mint from 1828 until his death.
Wood engraving --> is a printmaking and letterpress printing technique, in which an artist works an image or matrix of images into a block of wood.