18 relations: Advanced sleep phase disorder, Christiaan Huygens, Chronobiology, Chronotype, Circadian rhythm, Crepuscular animal, Delayed sleep phase disorder, Diurnality, Endogeny (biology), Hypothalamus, Martha Merrow, Nocturnality, Non-24-hour sleep–wake disorder, Pendulum, Phase response curve, Sleep hygiene, Suprachiasmatic nucleus, Zeitgeber.
Advanced sleep phase disorder (ASPD), also known as the advanced sleep-phase type (ASPT) of circadian rhythm sleep disorder or advanced sleep phase syndrome (ASPS), is a condition in which patients feel very sleepy and go to bed early in the evening (e.g. 6:00–8:00 p.m.) and wake up very early in the morning (e.g. around 3:00 a.m.).
Christiaan Huygens (Hugenius; 14 April 1629 – 8 July 1695) was a Dutch physicist, mathematician, astronomer and inventor, who is widely regarded as one of the greatest scientists of all time and a major figure in the scientific revolution.
Chronobiology is a field of biology that examines periodic (cyclic) phenomena in living organisms and their adaptation to solar- and lunar-related rhythms.
Chronotype refers to the behavioral manifestation of underlying circadian rhythms of myriad physical processes.
A circadian rhythm is any biological process that displays an endogenous, entrainable oscillation of about 24 hours.
Crepuscular animals are those that are active primarily during twilight (that is, the periods of dawn and dusk).
Delayed sleep phase disorder (DSPD), more often known as delayed sleep phase syndrome and also as delayed sleep-wake phase disorder, is a chronic dysregulation of a person's circadian rhythm (biological clock), compared to those of the general population and societal norms.
Diurnality is a form of plant or animal behavior characterized by activity during the day, with a period of sleeping, or other inactivity, at night.
Endogenous substances and processes are those that originate from within an organism, tissue, or cell.
The hypothalamus(from Greek ὑπό, "under" and θάλαμος, thalamus) is a portion of the brain that contains a number of small nuclei with a variety of functions.
Martha Merrow (born 1957) is an American chronobiologist.
Nocturnality is an animal behavior characterized by being active during the night and sleeping during the day.
Non-24-hour sleep–wake disorder (non-24), is one of several chronic circadian rhythm sleep disorders (CRSDs).
A pendulum is a weight suspended from a pivot so that it can swing freely.
A phase response curve (PRC) illustrates the transient change in the cycle period of an oscillation induced by a perturbation as a function of the phase at which it is received.
Sleep hygiene is the recommended behavioral and environmental practice that is intended to promote better quality sleep.
The suprachiasmatic nucleus or nuclei (SCN) is a tiny region of the brain in the hypothalamus, situated directly above the optic chiasm.
A zeitgeber is any external or environmental cue that entrains or synchronizes an organism's biological rhythms to the Earth's 24-hour light/dark cycle and 12-month cycle.