117 relations: Agricultural pollution, Agriculture, Agrochemical, Agroecology, Air pollution, Alfalfa, Algal bloom, Alkali soil, Ammonia, Animal-free agriculture, Aquifer, Atmosphere, Biodiversity, Biodynamic agriculture, Biological pest control, Bioremediation, Biosphere, Carbon dioxide, Carrying capacity, Climate change, Climate change in New Zealand, Concentrated animal feeding operation, Dead zone (ecology), Deforestation, Desertification, Dicofol, Dimethoate, Distribution uniformity, Drainage, Drainage system (agriculture), Environmental impact of pig farming, Environmental issue, Erosion, Ethical eating, Evaporation, Food, Food and Agriculture Organization, Fossil fuel, Genetic engineering, Genetically modified organism containment and escape, Global warming, Greenhouse gas, Groundwater, Groundwater pollution, Gulf of Mexico, Habitat, Hedge, Herbicide, Holistic management (agriculture), Human impact on the environment, ..., Imidacloprid, Irrigation, Irrigation scheduling, Land cover, Land development, Land use, Leaching (agriculture), List of crop plants pollinated by bees, List of environmental issues, Livestock's Long Shadow, Logging, Malathion, Methane, Methane emissions, Monsanto, Nitrate, Nitrous oxide, Nonpoint source pollution, Norman Myers, Organic farming, Organochloride, Overdrafting, Palm oil, Permaculture, Pesticide, Pesticide drift, Pesticide residue, Pesticide toxicity to bees, Phosphate mining in Nauru, Phosphorus, Photodegradation, Plastic mulch, Plasticulture, Pollination management, Pollutant, Precipitation, Principles of Organic Agriculture, Radiative forcing, Rain, Ranch, Research Institute of Organic Agriculture, SahysMod, Saline water, Salinity in Australia, Salt, SaltMod, Sedimentation, Slash-and-burn, Sodium adsorption ratio, Soil, Soil contamination, Soil organic matter, Soil retrogression and degradation, Soil salinity, Soil salinity control, Surface runoff, Sustainable agriculture, Temperature, United Nations, Waste, Water cycle, Water pollution, Water quality, Watertable control, Weed, Wetland, World population. Expand index (67 more) » « Shrink index
Agricultural pollution refers to biotic and abiotic byproducts of farming practices that result in contamination or degradation of the environment and surrounding ecosystems, and/or cause injury to humans and their economic interests.
Agriculture is the cultivation of land and breeding of animals and plants to provide food, fiber, medicinal plants and other products to sustain and enhance life.
An agrochemical or agrichemical, a contraction of agricultural chemical, is a chemical product used in agriculture.
Agroecology is the study of ecological processes applied to agricultural production systems.
Air pollution occurs when harmful or excessive quantities of substances including gases, particulates, and biological molecules are introduced into Earth's atmosphere.
Alfalfa, Medicago sativa also called lucerne, is a perennial flowering plant in the pea family Fabaceae cultivated as an important forage crop in many countries around the world.
An algal bloom is a rapid increase or accumulation in the population of algae in freshwater or marine water systems, and is recognized by the discoloration in the water from their pigments.
Alkali, or Alkaline, soils are clay soils with high pH (> 8.5), a poor soil structure and a low infiltration capacity.
Ammonia is a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen with the formula NH3.
Animal-free agriculture consists of farming methods that do not use animals or animal products.
An aquifer is an underground layer of water-bearing permeable rock, rock fractures or unconsolidated materials (gravel, sand, or silt).
An atmosphere is a layer or a set of layers of gases surrounding a planet or other material body, that is held in place by the gravity of that body.
Biodiversity, a portmanteau of biological (life) and diversity, generally refers to the variety and variability of life on Earth.
Biodynamic agriculture is a form of alternative agriculture very similar to organic farming, but it includes various esoteric concepts drawn from the ideas of Rudolf Steiner (1861–1925).
Biological control or biocontrol is a method of controlling pests such as insects, mites, weeds and plant diseases using other organisms.
Bioremediation is a process used to treat contaminated media, including water, soil and subsurface material, by altering environmental conditions to stimulate growth of microorganisms and degrade the target pollutants.
The biosphere (from Greek βίος bíos "life" and σφαῖρα sphaira "sphere") also known as the ecosphere (from Greek οἶκος oîkos "environment" and σφαῖρα), is the worldwide sum of all ecosystems.
Carbon dioxide (chemical formula) is a colorless gas with a density about 60% higher than that of dry air.
The carrying capacity of a biological species in an environment is the maximum population size of the species that the environment can sustain indefinitely, given the food, habitat, water, and other necessities available in the environment.
Climate change is a change in the statistical distribution of weather patterns when that change lasts for an extended period of time (i.e., decades to millions of years).
Climate change in New Zealand refers to change in the climate of New Zealand on the scale of years, decades, centuries and longer periods of time.
A concentrated animal feeding operation (CAFO), as defined by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) is an animal feeding operation (AFO)—a farm in which animals are raised in confinement—that has over 1000 "animal units" confined for over 45 days a year.
Dead zones are hypoxic (low-oxygen) areas in the world's oceans and large lakes, caused by "excessive nutrient pollution from human activities coupled with other factors that deplete the oxygen required to support most marine life in bottom and near-bottom water.
Deforestation, clearance, or clearing is the removal of a forest or stand of trees where the land is thereafter converted to a non-forest use.
Desertification is a type of land degradation in which a relatively dry area of land becomes increasingly arid, typically losing its bodies of water as well as vegetation and wildlife.
Dicofol is an organochlorine pesticide that is chemically related to DDT.
Dimethoate is a widely used organophosphate insecticide and acaricide.
Distribution Uniformity or DU in irrigation is a measure of how uniformly water is applied to the area being watered, expressed as a ratio to avoid confusing it with efficiency.
Drainage is the natural or artificial removal of a surface's water and sub-surface water from an area.
An agricultural drainage system is a system by which water is drained on or in the soil to enhance agricultural production of crops.
The environmental impact of pig farming refers to the threats posed to the natural environment by large-scale pig farming.
Environmental issues are harmful effects of human activity on the biophysical environment.
In earth science, erosion is the action of surface processes (such as water flow or wind) that remove soil, rock, or dissolved material from one location on the Earth's crust, and then transport it to another location (not to be confused with weathering which involves no movement).
Ethical eating or food ethics refers to the moral consequences of food choices, both those made by humans for themselves and those made for food animals.
Evaporation is a type of vaporization that occurs on the surface of a liquid as it changes into the gaseous phase before reaching its boiling point.
Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for an organism.
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'alimentation et l'agriculture, Organizzazione delle Nazioni Unite per l'Alimentazione e l'Agricoltura) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger.
A fossil fuel is a fuel formed by natural processes, such as anaerobic decomposition of buried dead organisms, containing energy originating in ancient photosynthesis.
Genetic engineering, also called genetic modification or genetic manipulation, is the direct manipulation of an organism's genes using biotechnology.
Since the advent of genetic engineering in the 1970s, concerns have been raised about the dangers of the technology.
Global warming, also referred to as climate change, is the observed century-scale rise in the average temperature of the Earth's climate system and its related effects.
A greenhouse gas is a gas in an atmosphere that absorbs and emits radiant energy within the thermal infrared range.
Groundwater is the water present beneath Earth's surface in soil pore spaces and in the fractures of rock formations.
Groundwater pollution (also called groundwater contamination) occurs when pollutants are released to the ground and make their way down into groundwater.
The Gulf of Mexico (Golfo de México) is an ocean basin and a marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean, largely surrounded by the North American continent.
In ecology, a habitat is the type of natural environment in which a particular species of organism lives.
A hedge or hedgerow is a line of closely spaced shrubs and sometimes trees, planted and trained to form a barrier or to mark the boundary of an area, such as between neighbouring properties.
Herbicides, also commonly known as weedkillers, are chemical substances used to control unwanted plants.
Holistic management (from ὅλος holos, a Greek word meaning all, whole, entire, total) in agriculture is a systems thinking approach to managing resources that was originally developed by Allan Savory for reversing desertification.
Human impact on the environment or anthropogenic impact on the environment includes changes to biophysical environments and ecosystems, biodiversity, and natural resources caused directly or indirectly by humans, including global warming, environmental degradation (such as ocean acidification), mass extinction and biodiversity loss, ecological crises, and ecological collapse.
Imidacloprid is a systemic insecticide that acts as an insect neurotoxin and belongs to a class of chemicals called the neonicotinoids which act on the central nervous system of insects.
Irrigation is the application of controlled amounts of water to plants at needed intervals.
Irrigation scheduling is the process used by irrigation system managers to determine the correct frequency and duration of watering.
Land cover is the physical material at the surface of the earth.
Land development is altering the landscape in any number of ways such as.
Land use involves the management and modification of natural environment or wilderness into built environment such as settlements and semi-natural habitats such as arable fields, pastures, and managed woods.
In agriculture, leaching refers to the loss of water-soluble plant nutrients from the soil, due to rain and irrigation.
This is a list of crop plants pollinated by bees.
This is an alphabetical list of environmental issues, harmful aspects of human activity on the biophysical environment.
Livestock's Long Shadow: Environmental Issues and Options is a United Nations report, released by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) on 29 November 2006, that "aims to assess the full impact of the livestock sector on environmental problems, along with potential technical and policy approaches to mitigation".
Logging is the cutting, skidding, on-site processing, and loading of trees or logs onto trucks or skeleton cars.
Malathion is an organophosphate insecticide which acts as an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor.
Methane is a chemical compound with the chemical formula (one atom of carbon and four atoms of hydrogen).
Global methane emissions are major part of the global greenhouse gas emissions.
Monsanto Company was an agrochemical and agricultural biotechnology corporation.
Nitrate is a polyatomic ion with the molecular formula and a molecular mass of 62.0049 u.
Nitrous oxide, commonly known as laughing gas or nitrous, is a chemical compound, an oxide of nitrogen with the formula.
Nonpoint source (NPS) pollution is a term used to describe pollution resulting from many diffuse sources, in direct contrast to point source pollution which results from a single source.
Norman Myers (born 24 August 1934) is a British environmentalist specialising in biodiversity and also noted for his work on environmental refugees.
Organic farming is an alternative agricultural system which originated early in the 20th century in reaction to rapidly changing farming practices.
An organochloride, organochlorine compound, chlorocarbon, or chlorinated hydrocarbon is an organic compound containing at least one covalently bonded atom of chlorine that has an effect on the chemical behavior of the molecule.
Overdrafting is the process of extracting groundwater beyond the equilibrium yield of the aquifer.
Palm oil is an edible vegetable oil derived from the mesocarp (reddish pulp) of the fruit of the oil palms, primarily the African oil palm Elaeis guineensis, and to a lesser extent from the American oil palm Elaeis oleifera and the maripa palm Attalea maripa.
Permaculture is a system of agricultural and social design principles centered around simulating or directly utilizing the patterns and features observed in natural ecosystems.
Pesticides are substances that are meant to control pests, including weeds.
Pesticide drift refers to the unintentional diffusion of pesticides and the potential negative effects of pesticide application, including off-target contamination due to spray drift as well as runoff from plants or soil.
Pesticide residue refers to the pesticides that may remain on or in food after they are applied to food crops.
Pesticides vary in their effects on bees.
The economy of Nauru has been almost wholly dependent on phosphate, which has led to environmental catastrophe on the island, with 80% of the nation’s surface having been strip-mined.
Phosphorus is a chemical element with symbol P and atomic number 15.
Photodegradation is the alteration of materials by light.
Plastic mulch is a product used, in a similar fashion to mulch, to suppress weeds and conserve water in crop production and landscaping.
The term plasticulture refers to the practice of using plastic materials in agricultural applications.
Pollination management is the label for horticultural practices that accomplish or enhance pollination of a crop, to improve yield or quality, by understanding of the particular crop's pollination needs, and by knowledgeable management of pollenizers, pollinators, and pollination conditions.
A pollutant is a substance or energy introduced into the environment that has undesired effects, or adversely affects the usefulness of a resource.
In meteorology, precipitation is any product of the condensation of atmospheric water vapor that falls under gravity.
The Principles of Organic Agriculture were established by the International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM) in September, 2005.
Radiative forcing or climate forcing is the difference between insolation (sunlight) absorbed by the Earth and energy radiated back to space.
Rain is liquid water in the form of droplets that have condensed from atmospheric water vapor and then becomes heavy enough to fall under gravity.
A ranch is an area of land, including various structures, given primarily to the practice of ranching, the practice of raising grazing livestock such as cattle or sheep for meat or wool.
The Research Institute of Organic Agriculture (German: Forschungsinstitut für biologischen Landbau, in short: FiBL), is one of the world's leading organic farming information and research centres.
SahysMod is a computer program for the prediction of the salinity of soil moisture, groundwater and drainage water, the depth of the watertable, and the drain discharge in irrigated agricultural lands, using different hydrogeologic and aquifer conditions, varying water management options, including the use of ground water for irrigation, and several crop rotation schedules, whereby the spatial variations are accounted for through a network of polygons.
Saline water (more commonly known as salt water) is water that contains a high concentration of dissolved salts (mainly NaCl).
Soil salinity and dryland salinity are two problems degrading the environment of Australia.
Salt, table salt or common salt is a mineral composed primarily of sodium chloride (NaCl), a chemical compound belonging to the larger class of salts; salt in its natural form as a crystalline mineral is known as rock salt or halite.
SaltMod is computer program for the prediction of the salinity of soil moisture, groundwater and drainage water, the depth of the watertable, and the drain discharge (hydrology) in irrigated agricultural lands, using different (geo)hydrologic conditions, varying water management options, including the use of ground water for irrigation, and several cropping rotation schedules.
Sedimentation is the tendency for particles in suspension to settle out of the fluid in which they are entrained and come to rest against a barrier.
Slash-and-burn agriculture, or fire–fallow cultivation, is a farming method that involves the cutting and burning of plants in a forest or woodland to create a field called a swidden.
The Sodium adsorption ratio (SAR) is an irrigation water quality parameter used in the management of sodium-affected soils.
Soil is a mixture of organic matter, minerals, gases, liquids, and organisms that together support life.
Soil contamination or soil pollution as part of land degradation is caused by the presence of xenobiotic (human-made) chemicals or other alteration in the natural soil environment.
Soil organic matter (SOM) is the organic matter component of soil, consisting of plant and animal residues at various stages of decomposition, cells and tissues of soil organisms, and substances synthesized by soil organisms.
Soil retrogression and degradation are two regressive evolution processes associated with the loss of equilibrium of a stable soil.
Soil salinity is the salt content in the soil; the process of increasing the salt content is known as salinization.
Soil salinity control relates to controlling the problem of soil salinity and reclaiming salinized agricultural land.
Surface runoff (also known as overland flow) is the flow of water that occurs when excess stormwater, meltwater, or other sources flows over the Earth's surface.
Sustainable agriculture is farming in sustainable ways based on an understanding of ecosystem services, the study of relationships between organisms and their environment.
Temperature is a physical quantity expressing hot and cold.
The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.
Waste (or wastes) are unwanted or unusable materials.
The water cycle, also known as the hydrological cycle or the hydrologic cycle, describes the continuous movement of water on, above and below the surface of the Earth.
Water pollution is the contamination of water bodies, usually as a result of human activities.
Water quality refers to the chemical, physical, biological, and radiological characteristics of water.
Watertable control is the practice of controlling the height of the water table by drainage.
A weed is a plant considered undesirable in a particular situation, "a plant in the wrong place".
A wetland is a land area that is saturated with water, either permanently or seasonally, such that it takes on the characteristics of a distinct ecosystem.
In demographics, the world population is the total number of humans currently living, and was estimated to have reached 7.6 billion people as of May 2018.