106 relations: Abiotic component, Accountability, Accounting reform, Adaptive management, Animal, Anthropocentrism, Biology, Biomimetics, Biotic component, Boston Consulting Group, Brundtland Commission, Cambridge University Press, Carrying capacity, Central bank, Chemistry, Civil society, Classical economics, Cleaner production, Climate change, Consumables, Culture, Deep ecology, Earth, Eco-Management and Audit Scheme, Ecocentrism, Ecofeminism, Ecological economics, Ecology, Economy, Ecosystem services, Elsevier, Engineering, Environment (biophysical), Environmental degradation, Environmental full-cost accounting, Environmental impact assessment, Environmental management scheme, Environmental management system, Environmental manager, Environmental protection, Environmental sociology, Environmental Values, Ethics, European Union, Geography, Habitat, Holistic management (agriculture), Human impact on the environment, Industrial ecology, Integrated landscape management, ..., International development, ISO 14000, ISO 19011, John Wiley & Sons, Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Malthusianism, Management, Natural capital, Natural Capitalism, Natural environment, Natural resource, Natural resource management, Neoclassical economics, Non-governmental organization, North–South divide, Our Common Future, Paul Hawken, Performance audit, Physics, Physiology, Planetary management, Plant, Political ecology, Political science, Political sociology, Private sector, Protocol (science), Psychology, Public participation, Public policy, Public sector, Quality management, Religion, Resource justice, Risk management, Routledge, Science, Service economy, Social science, Society, Sociology, Species, Springer Science+Business Media, Stakeholder analysis, State of the World (book series), Sustainability, Sustainable development, Sustainable management, The Natural Step, Traditional knowledge, Tragedy of the commons, United Nations, United States Environmental Protection Agency, Water Framework Directive 2000, World Bank, Worldwatch Institute. Expand index (56 more) » « Shrink index
In biology and ecology, abiotic components or abiotic factors are non-living chemical and physical parts of the environment that affect living organisms and the functioning of ecosystems.
In ethics and governance, accountability is answerability, blameworthiness, liability, and the expectation of account-giving.
Accounting reform is an expansion of accounting rules that goes beyond the realm of financial measures for both individual economic entities and national economies.
Adaptive management (AM), also known as adaptive resource management (ARM) or adaptive environmental assessment and management (AEAM), is a structured, iterative process of robust decision making in the face of uncertainty, with an aim to reducing uncertainty over time via system monitoring.
Animals are multicellular eukaryotic organisms that form the biological kingdom Animalia.
Anthropocentrism (from Greek ἄνθρωπος, ánthrōpos, "human being"; and κέντρον, kéntron, "center") is the belief that human beings are the most significant entity of the universe.
Biology is the natural science that studies life and living organisms, including their physical structure, chemical composition, function, development and evolution.
Biomimetics or biomimicry is the imitation of the models, systems, and elements of nature for the purpose of solving complex human problems.
Biotic components or biotic factors, can be described as any living component that affects another organism, or shapes the ecosystem.
The Boston Consulting Group (BCG) is an American multinational management consulting firm with 90 offices in 50 countries.
Formerly known as the World Commission on Environment and Development (WCED), the mission of the Brundtland Commission is to unite countries to pursue sustainable development together.
Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.
The carrying capacity of a biological species in an environment is the maximum population size of the species that the environment can sustain indefinitely, given the food, habitat, water, and other necessities available in the environment.
A central bank, reserve bank, or monetary authority is an institution that manages a state's currency, money supply, and interest rates.
Chemistry is the scientific discipline involved with compounds composed of atoms, i.e. elements, and molecules, i.e. combinations of atoms: their composition, structure, properties, behavior and the changes they undergo during a reaction with other compounds.
Civil society is the "aggregate of non-governmental organizations and institutions that manifest interests and will of citizens".
Classical economics or classical political economy (also known as liberal economics) is a school of thought in economics that flourished, primarily in Britain, in the late 18th and early-to-mid 19th century.
Cleaner production is a preventive, company-specific environmental protection initiative.
Climate change is a change in the statistical distribution of weather patterns when that change lasts for an extended period of time (i.e., decades to millions of years).
Consumables (also known as consumable goods, nondurable goods, or soft goods) are goods that are intended to be consumed.
Culture is the social behavior and norms found in human societies.
Deep ecology is an ecological and environmental philosophy promoting the inherent worth of living beings regardless of their instrumental utility to human needs, plus a radical restructuring of modern human societies in accordance with such ideas.
Earth is the third planet from the Sun and the only astronomical object known to harbor life.
The Eco-Management and Audit Scheme (EMAS) is a voluntary environmental management instrument, which was developed in 1993 by the European Commission.
Ecocentrism (from Greek: οἶκος oikos, "house" and κέντρον kentron, "center") is a term used in ecological political philosophy to denote a nature-centered, as opposed to human-centered (i.e. anthropocentric), system of values.
The term Ecofeminism is used to describe a feminist approach to understanding ecology.
Ecological economics (also called eco-economics, ecolonomy or bioeconomics of Georgescu-Roegen) is both a transdisciplinary and an interdisciplinary field of academic research addressing the interdependence and coevolution of human economies and natural ecosystems, both intertemporally and spatially.
Ecology (from οἶκος, "house", or "environment"; -λογία, "study of") is the branch of biology which studies the interactions among organisms and their environment.
An economy (from Greek οίκος – "household" and νέμoμαι – "manage") is an area of the production, distribution, or trade, and consumption of goods and services by different agents.
Ecosystem services are the many and varied benefits that humans freely gain from the natural environment and from properly-functioning ecosystems.
Elsevier is an information and analytics company and one of the world's major providers of scientific, technical, and medical information.
Engineering is the creative application of science, mathematical methods, and empirical evidence to the innovation, design, construction, operation and maintenance of structures, machines, materials, devices, systems, processes, and organizations.
A biophysical environment is a biotic and abiotic surrounding of an organism or population, and consequently includes the factors that have an influence in their survival, development, and evolution.
Environmental degradation is the deterioration of the environment through depletion of resources such as air, water and soil; the destruction of ecosystems; habitat destruction; the extinction of wildlife; and pollution.
Environmental full-cost accounting (EFCA) is a method of cost accounting that traces direct costs and allocates indirect costs by collecting and presenting information about the possible environmental, social and economical costs and benefits or advantagesin short, about the "triple bottom line"for each proposed alternative.
Environmental assessment (EA) is the assessment of the environmental consequences (positive and negative) of a plan, policy, program, or actual projects prior to the decision to move forward with the proposed action.
An environmental management scheme is a mechanism by which landowners and other individuals and bodies responsible for land management can be incentivised to manage their environment.
Environmental management system (EMS) refers to the management of an organization's environmental programs in a comprehensive, systematic, planned and documented manner.
Environmental managers are involved in processes that seek to control some environmental entities in orientation to a plan or idea.
Environmental protection is a practice of protecting the natural environment on individual, organization controlled or governmental levels, for the benefit of both the environment and humans.
Environmental sociology is the study of interactions between societies and their natural environments.
Environmental Values started as a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal closely associated with the ecological economics movement, but also firmly based in applied ethics.
Ethics or moral philosophy is a branch of philosophy that involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong conduct.
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
Geography (from Greek γεωγραφία, geographia, literally "earth description") is a field of science devoted to the study of the lands, the features, the inhabitants, and the phenomena of Earth.
In ecology, a habitat is the type of natural environment in which a particular species of organism lives.
Holistic management (from ὅλος holos, a Greek word meaning all, whole, entire, total) in agriculture is a systems thinking approach to managing resources that was originally developed by Allan Savory for reversing desertification.
Human impact on the environment or anthropogenic impact on the environment includes changes to biophysical environments and ecosystems, biodiversity, and natural resources caused directly or indirectly by humans, including global warming, environmental degradation (such as ocean acidification), mass extinction and biodiversity loss, ecological crises, and ecological collapse.
Industrial ecology (IE) is the study of material and energy flows through industrial systems.
Integrated landscape management is a way of managing a landscape that brings together multiple stakeholders, who collaborate to integrate policy and practice for their different land use objectives, with the purpose of achieving sustainable landscapes.
International development or global development is a wide concept concerning level of development on an international scale.
ISO 14000 is a family of standards related to environmental management that exists to help organizations (a) minimize how their operations (processes, etc.) negatively affect the environment (i.e. cause adverse changes to air, water, or land); (b) comply with applicable laws, regulations, and other environmentally oriented requirements; and (c) continually improve in the above.
ISO 19011 is an international standard that sets forth guidelines for management systems auditing.
John Wiley & Sons, Inc., also referred to as Wiley, is a global publishing company that specializes in academic publishing.
The Journal of Environmental Economics and Management is a peer-reviewed academic journal of environmental economics published six times per year.
Malthusianism is the idea that population growth is potentially exponential while the growth of the food supply is linear.
Management (or managing) is the administration of an organization, whether it is a business, a not-for-profit organization, or government body.
Natural capital is the world's stock of natural resources, which includes geology, soils, air, water and all living organisms.
Natural Capitalism: Creating the Next Industrial Revolution is a 1999 book co-authored by Paul Hawken, Amory Lovins and Hunter Lovins.
The natural environment encompasses all living and non-living things occurring naturally, meaning in this case not artificial.
Natural resources are resources that exist without actions of humankind.
Natural resource management refers to the management of natural resources such as land, water, soil, plants and animals, with a particular focus on how management affects the quality of life for both present and future generations (stewardship).
Neoclassical economics is an approach to economics focusing on the determination of goods, outputs, and income distributions in markets through supply and demand.
Non-governmental organizations, nongovernmental organizations, or nongovernment organizations, commonly referred to as NGOs, are usually non-profit and sometimes international organizations independent of governments and international governmental organizations (though often funded by governments) that are active in humanitarian, educational, health care, public policy, social, human rights, environmental, and other areas to effect changes according to their objectives.
The North–South divide is broadly considered a socio-economic and political divide.
Our Common Future, also known as the Brundtland Report in recognition of former Norwegian Prime Minister Gro Harlem Brundtland's role as Chair of the World Commission on Environment and Development (WCED), was published in 1987 by the United Nations through the Oxford University Press.
Paul Gerard Hawken (born February 8, 1946) is an American environmentalist, entrepreneur, author, and activist.
Performance audit refers to an independent examination of a program, function, operation or the management systems and procedures of a governmental or non-profit entity to assess whether the entity is achieving economy, efficiency and effectiveness in the employment of available resources.
Physics (from knowledge of nature, from φύσις phýsis "nature") is the natural science that studies matterAt the start of The Feynman Lectures on Physics, Richard Feynman offers the atomic hypothesis as the single most prolific scientific concept: "If, in some cataclysm, all scientific knowledge were to be destroyed one sentence what statement would contain the most information in the fewest words? I believe it is that all things are made up of atoms – little particles that move around in perpetual motion, attracting each other when they are a little distance apart, but repelling upon being squeezed into one another..." and its motion and behavior through space and time and that studies the related entities of energy and force."Physical science is that department of knowledge which relates to the order of nature, or, in other words, to the regular succession of events." Physics is one of the most fundamental scientific disciplines, and its main goal is to understand how the universe behaves."Physics is one of the most fundamental of the sciences. Scientists of all disciplines use the ideas of physics, including chemists who study the structure of molecules, paleontologists who try to reconstruct how dinosaurs walked, and climatologists who study how human activities affect the atmosphere and oceans. Physics is also the foundation of all engineering and technology. No engineer could design a flat-screen TV, an interplanetary spacecraft, or even a better mousetrap without first understanding the basic laws of physics. (...) You will come to see physics as a towering achievement of the human intellect in its quest to understand our world and ourselves."Physics is an experimental science. Physicists observe the phenomena of nature and try to find patterns that relate these phenomena.""Physics is the study of your world and the world and universe around you." Physics is one of the oldest academic disciplines and, through its inclusion of astronomy, perhaps the oldest. Over the last two millennia, physics, chemistry, biology, and certain branches of mathematics were a part of natural philosophy, but during the scientific revolution in the 17th century, these natural sciences emerged as unique research endeavors in their own right. Physics intersects with many interdisciplinary areas of research, such as biophysics and quantum chemistry, and the boundaries of physics are not rigidly defined. New ideas in physics often explain the fundamental mechanisms studied by other sciences and suggest new avenues of research in academic disciplines such as mathematics and philosophy. Advances in physics often enable advances in new technologies. For example, advances in the understanding of electromagnetism and nuclear physics led directly to the development of new products that have dramatically transformed modern-day society, such as television, computers, domestic appliances, and nuclear weapons; advances in thermodynamics led to the development of industrialization; and advances in mechanics inspired the development of calculus.
Physiology is the scientific study of normal mechanisms, and their interactions, which work within a living system.
Planetary management is intentional global-scale management of Earth's biological, chemical and physical processes and cycles (water, carbon, nitrogen, sulfur, phosphorus, and others).
Plants are mainly multicellular, predominantly photosynthetic eukaryotes of the kingdom Plantae.
Political ecology is the study of the relationships between political, economic and social factors with environmental issues and changes.
Political science is a social science which deals with systems of governance, and the analysis of political activities, political thoughts, and political behavior.
Political sociology is concerned with the sociological analysis of political phenomena ranging from the State, to civil society, to the family, investigating topics such as citizenship, social movements, and the sources of social power.
The private sector is the part of the economy, sometimes referred to as the citizen sector, which is run by private individuals or groups, usually as a means of enterprise for profit, and is not controlled by the State.
In the natural sciences a protocol is a predefined written procedural method in the design and implementation of experiments.
Psychology is the science of behavior and mind, including conscious and unconscious phenomena, as well as feeling and thought.
Public participation is a political principle or practice, and may also be recognised as a right.
Public policy is the principled guide to action taken by the administrative executive branches of the state with regard to a class of issues, in a manner consistent with law and institutional customs.
The public sector (also called the state sector) is the part of the economy composed of both public services and public enterprises.
Quality management ensures that an organization, product or service is consistent.
Religion may be defined as a cultural system of designated behaviors and practices, world views, texts, sanctified places, prophecies, ethics, or organizations, that relates humanity to supernatural, transcendental, or spiritual elements.
Resource justice (also referred to as "resource equity" or "resource governance") is a term in environmentalism and in environmental ethics.
Risk management is the identification, evaluation, and prioritization of risks (defined in ISO 31000 as the effect of uncertainty on objectives) followed by coordinator and economical application of resources to minimize, monitor, and control the probability or impact of unfortunate events or to maximize the realization of opportunities.
Routledge is a British multinational publisher.
R. P. Feynman, The Feynman Lectures on Physics, Vol.1, Chaps.1,2,&3.
Service economy can refer to one or both of two recent economic developments.
Social science is a major category of academic disciplines, concerned with society and the relationships among individuals within a society.
A society is a group of individuals involved in persistent social interaction, or a large social group sharing the same geographical or social territory, typically subject to the same political authority and dominant cultural expectations.
Sociology is the scientific study of society, patterns of social relationships, social interaction, and culture.
In biology, a species is the basic unit of classification and a taxonomic rank, as well as a unit of biodiversity, but it has proven difficult to find a satisfactory definition.
Springer Science+Business Media or Springer, part of Springer Nature since 2015, is a global publishing company that publishes books, e-books and peer-reviewed journals in science, humanities, technical and medical (STM) publishing.
Stakeholder analysis in conflict resolution, project management, and business administration, is the process of the assessing a decision's impact on relevant parties.
The State of the World (SoW) is a series of books published annually since 1984 by the Worldwatch Institute.
Sustainability is the process of change, in which the exploitation of resources, the direction of investments, the orientation of technological development and institutional change are all in harmony and enhance both current and future potential to meet human needs and aspirations.
Sustainable development is the organizing principle for meeting human development goals while at the same time sustaining the ability of natural systems to provide the natural resources and ecosystem services upon which the economy and society depend.
Sustainable management takes the concepts from sustainability and synthesizes them with the concepts of management.
The Natural Step is a non-profit, non-governmental organisation founded in Sweden in 1989 by scientist Karl-Henrik Robèrt.
The terms traditional knowledge, indigenous knowledge and local knowledge generally refer to knowledge systems embedded in the cultural traditions of regional, indigenous, or local communities.
The tragedy of the commons is a term used in social science to describe a situation in a shared-resource system where individual users acting independently according to their own self-interest behave contrary to the common good of all users by depleting or spoiling that resource through their collective action.
The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.
The Environmental Protection Agency is an independent agency of the United States federal government for environmental protection.
The Water Framework Directive is an EU directive which commits European Union member states to achieve good qualitative and quantitative status of all water bodies (including marine waters up to one nautical mile from shore) by 2015.
The World Bank (Banque mondiale) is an international financial institution that provides loans to countries of the world for capital projects.
The Worldwatch Institute is a globally focused environmental research organization based in Washington, D.C. Worldwatch was named as one of the top ten sustainable development research organizations by Globescan Survey of Sustainability Experts.