Logo
Unionpedia
Communication
Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Free
Faster access than browser!
 

Epigenetics

Index Epigenetics

Epigenetics is the study of heritable changes in gene function that do not involve changes in the DNA sequence. [1]

240 relations: Acetophenone, Acetylation, Adam Rutherford, Addiction, Adenine, Adrian Bird, Agouti (gene), Alphaproteobacteria, Alternative splicing, Ancient Greek, Angelman syndrome, Anthocyanin, Arthur Riggs (geneticist), Attractor, Överkalix study, Bacterial small RNA, Baldwin effect, Beckwith–Wiedemann syndrome, Behavioral epigenetics, Benzene, Bilberry, Bioinformatics, Biological effects of radiation on the epigenome, Bisulfite sequencing, Blood vessel, Bookmarking, Brain-derived neurotrophic factor, Brainwashing, Brucella, C. H. Waddington, Canalisation (genetics), Cancer epigenetics, Carbon tetrachloride, Carcinogenesis, Cell (biology), Cell cycle, Cell division, Cell potency, Cellular differentiation, Chelation, ChIP-on-chip, ChIP-sequencing, Chromatin, Chromatin immunoprecipitation, Chromatin remodeling, Chromosome, Chromosome 15q partial deletion, Ciliate, Cloning, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, ..., Computational epigenetics, Contribution of epigenetic modifications to evolution, Covalent bond, CpG site, Cytosine, Cytosine deaminase, David Gorski, Demethylating agent, Denis Noble, Developmental psychology, Diabetes mellitus, Diffusion, Dioxygenase, DNA, DNA adenine methyltransferase identification, DNA damage (naturally occurring), DNA methylation, DNA methyltransferase, DNA repair, DNA replication, Embryo, Embryology, Endothelium, Energy homeostasis, Environment (biophysical), Epigenesis (biology), Epigenetic code, Epigenetic regulation of neurogenesis, Epigenetic therapy, Epigenetics in forensic science, Epigenetics of neurodegenerative diseases, Epigenomics, Epithelium, Erik Erikson, Erikson's stages of psychosocial development, Ernst Haeckel, Escherichia coli, Eukaryote, Eva Jablonka, Evolution, Evolutionary capacitance, Evolvability, Extended evolutionary synthesis, Fluorescence in situ hybridization, FTO gene, Fungal prion, Gammaproteobacteria, Gap junction, Gene, Gene expression, Gene map, Gene silencing, Genes & Development, Genetic assimilation, Genetic code, Genome, Genomic imprinting, Germ cell, Gilbert Gottlieb, Haemophilus, Hepatocyte nuclear factor 4, Heterochromatin, Heterochromatin protein 1, Hfq binding sRNA, Histone, Histone code, Histone methylation, Hydroquinone, Immortalised cell line, Infection, Iron, Isoflavones, Journal of Theoretical Biology, Karl Ernst von Baer, Lamarckism, Local optimum, Lysine, Mammal, Marion J. Lamb, Massimo Pigliucci, Maternal effect, MECP2, Meiosis, Messenger RNA, Methylation, MicroRNA, Mitosis, MLH1, Modern synthesis (20th century), Molecular biology, Morphogen, Morphogenesis, Multicellular organism, Mutation, Myocyte, MyoD, N6-Methyladenosine, National Institutes of Health, Natural selection, Nature (journal), Nature Chemical Biology, Neuron, New Age, Non-coding RNA, Nonsense mutation, Nucleic acid sequence, Nucleosome, Nurse cell, Nutriepigenomics, Nymphalis antiopa, O-6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase, Oogenesis, Oxford English Dictionary, P53, Paramecium, Paramutation, Parthenogenesis, Paul Wintrebert, Phenotype, Phenotypic trait, Phosphorylation, Physiology, Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase, Pomace, Population genetics, Position effect, Position-effect variegation, Post-translational modification, Prader–Willi syndrome, Preformationism, Prion, Proliferating cell nuclear antigen, Promoter (genetics), Protamine, Protein, Pseudoscience, Quackery, Quinolone antibiotic, Randy Jirtle, Repressor, Reprogramming, Restriction enzyme, Rett syndrome, Reward system, RNA, RNA interference, Robert Winston, Robin Holliday, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Salmonella, Sensationalism, Signal transduction, Silencer (genetics), Single molecule real time sequencing, SIR proteins, Small interfering RNA, Somatic epitype, Stem cell, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Structural inheritance, Styrene, SUMO protein, SWI/SNF, Syncytium, Synthetic genetic array, System dynamics, Teratology, Tetrahymena, The Guardian, Thymidine, Transcription (biology), Transcription factor, Transgenerational epigenetic inheritance, Transmissible spongiform encephalopathy, Transposable element, Transvection (genetics), Trichloroethylene, Ubiquitin, University of Leeds, Vaccinium myrtillus, Valentin Haecker, Vibrio, Virulence, Weismann barrier, X-inactivation, Yeast, Yersinia, Zygosity, Zygote, 5-Methylcytosine. Expand index (190 more) »

Acetophenone

Acetophenone is the organic compound with the formula C6H5C(O)CH3 (also represented by the pseudoelement symbols PhAc or BzMe).

New!!: Epigenetics and Acetophenone · See more »

Acetylation

Acetylation (or in IUPAC nomenclature ethanoylation) describes a reaction that introduces an acetyl functional group into a chemical compound.

New!!: Epigenetics and Acetylation · See more »

Adam Rutherford

Adam David Rutherford (born 1975) is a British geneticist, author, and broadcaster.

New!!: Epigenetics and Adam Rutherford · See more »

Addiction

Addiction is a brain disorder characterized by compulsive engagement in rewarding stimuli despite adverse consequences.

New!!: Epigenetics and Addiction · See more »

Adenine

Adenine (A, Ade) is a nucleobase (a purine derivative).

New!!: Epigenetics and Adenine · See more »

Adrian Bird

Sir Adrian Peter Bird, is a British geneticist and Buchanan Professor of Genetics at the University of Edinburgh.

New!!: Epigenetics and Adrian Bird · See more »

Agouti (gene)

agouti is a gene that controls the distribution of the natural pigment, melanin, in the hair of mammals and helps determine their coat color patterns.

New!!: Epigenetics and Agouti (gene) · See more »

Alphaproteobacteria

Alphaproteobacteria is a class of bacteria in the phylum Proteobacteria (See also bacterial taxonomy).

New!!: Epigenetics and Alphaproteobacteria · See more »

Alternative splicing

Alternative splicing, or differential splicing, is a regulated process during gene expression that results in a single gene coding for multiple proteins.

New!!: Epigenetics and Alternative splicing · See more »

Ancient Greek

The Ancient Greek language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.

New!!: Epigenetics and Ancient Greek · See more »

Angelman syndrome

Angelman syndrome (AS) is a genetic disorder that mainly affects the nervous system.

New!!: Epigenetics and Angelman syndrome · See more »

Anthocyanin

Anthocyanins (also anthocyans; from Greek: ἄνθος (anthos) "flower" and κυάνεος/κυανοῦς kyaneos/kyanous "dark blue") are water-soluble vacuolar pigments that, depending on their pH, may appear red, purple, or blue.

New!!: Epigenetics and Anthocyanin · See more »

Arthur Riggs (geneticist)

Dr.

New!!: Epigenetics and Arthur Riggs (geneticist) · See more »

Attractor

In the mathematical field of dynamical systems, an attractor is a set of numerical values toward which a system tends to evolve, for a wide variety of starting conditions of the system.

New!!: Epigenetics and Attractor · See more »

Överkalix study

The Överkalix study (Överkalixstudien) was a study conducted on the physiological effects of various environmental factors on transgenerational epigenetic inheritance.

New!!: Epigenetics and Överkalix study · See more »

Bacterial small RNA

Bacterial small RNAs (sRNA) are small RNAs produced by bacteria; they are 50- to 500-nucleotide non-coding RNA molecules, highly structured and containing several stem-loops.

New!!: Epigenetics and Bacterial small RNA · See more »

Baldwin effect

In evolutionary biology, the Baldwin effect describes the effect of learned behavior on evolution.

New!!: Epigenetics and Baldwin effect · See more »

Beckwith–Wiedemann syndrome

Beckwith–Wiedemann syndrome (abbreviated BWS) is an overgrowth disorder usually present at birth, characterized by an increased risk of childhood cancer and certain congenital features.

New!!: Epigenetics and Beckwith–Wiedemann syndrome · See more »

Behavioral epigenetics

Behavioral epigenetics is the field of study examining the role of epigenetics in shaping animal (including human) behaviour.

New!!: Epigenetics and Behavioral epigenetics · See more »

Benzene

Benzene is an important organic chemical compound with the chemical formula C6H6.

New!!: Epigenetics and Benzene · See more »

Bilberry

Bilberries are any of several primarily Eurasian species of low-growing shrubs in the genus Vaccinium (family Ericaceae), bearing edible, nearly black berries.

New!!: Epigenetics and Bilberry · See more »

Bioinformatics

Bioinformatics is an interdisciplinary field that develops methods and software tools for understanding biological data.

New!!: Epigenetics and Bioinformatics · See more »

Biological effects of radiation on the epigenome

Ionizing radiation can cause biological effects which are passed on to offspring through the epigenome.

New!!: Epigenetics and Biological effects of radiation on the epigenome · See more »

Bisulfite sequencing

Bisulfite sequencing (also known as bisulphite sequencing) is the use of bisulfite treatment of DNA to determine its pattern of methylation.

New!!: Epigenetics and Bisulfite sequencing · See more »

Blood vessel

The blood vessels are the part of the circulatory system, and microcirculation, that transports blood throughout the human body.

New!!: Epigenetics and Blood vessel · See more »

Bookmarking

Bookmarking (also "gene bookmarking" or "mitotic bookmarking") refers to a potential mechanism of transmission of gene expression programs through cell division.

New!!: Epigenetics and Bookmarking · See more »

Brain-derived neurotrophic factor

Brain-derived neurotrophic factor, also known as BDNF, is a protein that, in humans, is encoded by the BDNF gene.

New!!: Epigenetics and Brain-derived neurotrophic factor · See more »

Brainwashing

Brainwashing (also known as mind control, menticide, coercive persuasion, thought control, thought reform, and re-education) is the concept that the human mind can be altered or controlled by certain psychological techniques.

New!!: Epigenetics and Brainwashing · See more »

Brucella

Brucella is a genus of Gram-negative bacteria, named after David Bruce (1855–1931).

New!!: Epigenetics and Brucella · See more »

C. H. Waddington

Conrad Hal Waddington CBE FRS FRSE (8 November 1905 – 26 September 1975) was a British developmental biologist, paleontologist, geneticist, embryologist and philosopher who laid the foundations for systems biology, epigenetics, and evolutionary developmental biology.

New!!: Epigenetics and C. H. Waddington · See more »

Canalisation (genetics)

Canalisation is a measure of the ability of a population to produce the same phenotype regardless of variability of its environment or genotype.

New!!: Epigenetics and Canalisation (genetics) · See more »

Cancer epigenetics

Cancer epigenetics is the study of epigenetic modifications to the DNA of cancer cells that do not involve a change in the nucleotide sequence.

New!!: Epigenetics and Cancer epigenetics · See more »

Carbon tetrachloride

Carbon tetrachloride, also known by many other names (the most notable being tetrachloromethane, also recognized by the IUPAC, carbon tet in the cleaning industry, Halon-104 in firefighting, and Refrigerant-10 in HVACR) is an organic compound with the chemical formula CCl4.

New!!: Epigenetics and Carbon tetrachloride · See more »

Carcinogenesis

Carcinogenesis, also called oncogenesis or tumorigenesis, is the formation of a cancer, whereby normal cells are transformed into cancer cells.

New!!: Epigenetics and Carcinogenesis · See more »

Cell (biology)

The cell (from Latin cella, meaning "small room") is the basic structural, functional, and biological unit of all known living organisms.

New!!: Epigenetics and Cell (biology) · See more »

Cell cycle

The cell cycle or cell-division cycle is the series of events that take place in a cell leading to its division and duplication of its DNA (DNA replication) to produce two daughter cells.

New!!: Epigenetics and Cell cycle · See more »

Cell division

Cell division is the process by which a parent cell divides into two or more daughter cells.

New!!: Epigenetics and Cell division · See more »

Cell potency

Cell potency is a cell's ability to differentiate into other cell types The more cell types a cell can differentiate into, the greater its potency.

New!!: Epigenetics and Cell potency · See more »

Cellular differentiation

In developmental biology, cellular differentiation is the process where a cell changes from one cell type to another.

New!!: Epigenetics and Cellular differentiation · See more »

Chelation

Chelation is a type of bonding of ions and molecules to metal ions.

New!!: Epigenetics and Chelation · See more »

ChIP-on-chip

ChIP-on-chip (also known as ChIP-chip) is a technology that combines chromatin immunoprecipitation ('ChIP') with DNA microarray ("chip").

New!!: Epigenetics and ChIP-on-chip · See more »

ChIP-sequencing

ChIP-sequencing, also known as ChIP-seq, is a method used to analyze protein interactions with DNA.

New!!: Epigenetics and ChIP-sequencing · See more »

Chromatin

Chromatin is a complex of macromolecules found in cells, consisting of DNA, protein, and RNA.

New!!: Epigenetics and Chromatin · See more »

Chromatin immunoprecipitation

Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) is a type of immunoprecipitation experimental technique used to investigate the interaction between proteins and DNA in the cell.

New!!: Epigenetics and Chromatin immunoprecipitation · See more »

Chromatin remodeling

Chromatin remodeling is the dynamic modification of chromatin architecture to allow access of condensed genomic DNA to the regulatory transcription machinery proteins, and thereby control gene expression.

New!!: Epigenetics and Chromatin remodeling · See more »

Chromosome

A chromosome (from Ancient Greek: χρωμόσωμα, chromosoma, chroma means colour, soma means body) is a DNA molecule with part or all of the genetic material (genome) of an organism.

New!!: Epigenetics and Chromosome · See more »

Chromosome 15q partial deletion

Chromosome 15q partial deletion is a rare human genetic disorder, caused by a chromosomal aberration in which the long ("q") arm of one copy of chromosome 15 is deleted, or partially deleted.

New!!: Epigenetics and Chromosome 15q partial deletion · See more »

Ciliate

The ciliates are a group of protozoans characterized by the presence of hair-like organelles called cilia, which are identical in structure to eukaryotic flagella, but are in general shorter and present in much larger numbers, with a different undulating pattern than flagella.

New!!: Epigenetics and Ciliate · See more »

Cloning

Cloning is the process of producing genetically identical individuals of an organism either naturally or artificially.

New!!: Epigenetics and Cloning · See more »

Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL) is a private, non-profit institution with research programs focusing on cancer, neuroscience, plant genetics, genomics, and quantitative biology.

New!!: Epigenetics and Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory · See more »

Computational epigenetics

Computational epigenetics uses bioinformatic methods to complement experimental research in epigenetics.

New!!: Epigenetics and Computational epigenetics · See more »

Contribution of epigenetic modifications to evolution

Epigenetics is a broad term that refers to changes in gene expression that occur via mechanisms such as DNA methylation, histone acetylation, and microRNA modification.

New!!: Epigenetics and Contribution of epigenetic modifications to evolution · See more »

Covalent bond

A covalent bond, also called a molecular bond, is a chemical bond that involves the sharing of electron pairs between atoms.

New!!: Epigenetics and Covalent bond · See more »

CpG site

The CpG sites or CG sites are regions of DNA where a cytosine nucleotide is followed by a guanine nucleotide in the linear sequence of bases along its 5' → 3' direction.

New!!: Epigenetics and CpG site · See more »

Cytosine

Cytosine (C) is one of the four main bases found in DNA and RNA, along with adenine, guanine, and thymine (uracil in RNA).

New!!: Epigenetics and Cytosine · See more »

Cytosine deaminase

In enzymology, a cytosine deaminase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are cytosine and H2O, whereas its two products are uracil and NH3.

New!!: Epigenetics and Cytosine deaminase · See more »

David Gorski

David Henry Gorski is an American surgical oncologist, professor of surgery at Wayne State University School of Medicine, and a surgical oncologist at the Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute, specializing in breast cancer surgery.

New!!: Epigenetics and David Gorski · See more »

Demethylating agent

Demethylating agents are chemical substances that can inhibit methylation, resulting in the expression of the previously hypermethylated silenced genes (see Methylation#Cancer for more detail).

New!!: Epigenetics and Demethylating agent · See more »

Denis Noble

Denis Noble CBE FRS FRCP FMedSci (born 16 November 1936) is a British biologist who held the Burdon Sanderson Chair of Cardiovascular Physiology at the University of Oxford from 1984 to 2004 and was appointed Professor Emeritus and co-Director of Computational Physiology.

New!!: Epigenetics and Denis Noble · See more »

Developmental psychology

Developmental psychology is the scientific study of how and why human beings change over the course of their life.

New!!: Epigenetics and Developmental psychology · See more »

Diabetes mellitus

Diabetes mellitus (DM), commonly referred to as diabetes, is a group of metabolic disorders in which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period.

New!!: Epigenetics and Diabetes mellitus · See more »

Diffusion

Diffusion is the net movement of molecules or atoms from a region of high concentration (or high chemical potential) to a region of low concentration (or low chemical potential) as a result of random motion of the molecules or atoms.

New!!: Epigenetics and Diffusion · See more »

Dioxygenase

Dioxygenases are oxidoreductase enzymes.

New!!: Epigenetics and Dioxygenase · See more »

DNA

Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a thread-like chain of nucleotides carrying the genetic instructions used in the growth, development, functioning and reproduction of all known living organisms and many viruses.

New!!: Epigenetics and DNA · See more »

DNA adenine methyltransferase identification

DamID (DNA adenine methyltransferase identification) is a molecular biology protocol used to map the binding sites of DNA- and chromatin-binding proteins in eukaryotes.

New!!: Epigenetics and DNA adenine methyltransferase identification · See more »

DNA damage (naturally occurring)

DNA damage is distinctly different from mutation, although both are types of error in DNA.

New!!: Epigenetics and DNA damage (naturally occurring) · See more »

DNA methylation

DNA methylation is a process by which methyl groups are added to the DNA molecule.

New!!: Epigenetics and DNA methylation · See more »

DNA methyltransferase

In biochemistry, the DNA methyltransferase (DNA MTase) family of enzymes catalyze the transfer of a methyl group to DNA.

New!!: Epigenetics and DNA methyltransferase · See more »

DNA repair

DNA repair is a collection of processes by which a cell identifies and corrects damage to the DNA molecules that encode its genome.

New!!: Epigenetics and DNA repair · See more »

DNA replication

In molecular biology, DNA replication is the biological process of producing two identical replicas of DNA from one original DNA molecule.

New!!: Epigenetics and DNA replication · See more »

Embryo

An embryo is an early stage of development of a multicellular diploid eukaryotic organism.

New!!: Epigenetics and Embryo · See more »

Embryology

Embryology (from Greek ἔμβρυον, embryon, "the unborn, embryo"; and -λογία, -logia) is the branch of biology that studies the prenatal development of gametes (sex cells), fertilization, and development of embryos and fetuses.

New!!: Epigenetics and Embryology · See more »

Endothelium

Endothelium refers to cells that line the interior surface of blood vessels and lymphatic vessels, forming an interface between circulating blood or lymph in the lumen and the rest of the vessel wall.

New!!: Epigenetics and Endothelium · See more »

Energy homeostasis

In biology, energy homeostasis, or the homeostatic control of energy balance, is a biological process that involves the coordinated homeostatic regulation of food intake (energy inflow) and energy expenditure (energy outflow).

New!!: Epigenetics and Energy homeostasis · See more »

Environment (biophysical)

A biophysical environment is a biotic and abiotic surrounding of an organism or population, and consequently includes the factors that have an influence in their survival, development, and evolution.

New!!: Epigenetics and Environment (biophysical) · See more »

Epigenesis (biology)

In biology, epigenesis (or, in contrast to preformationism, neoformationism) is the process by which plants, animals and fungi develop from a seed, spore or egg through a sequence of steps in which cells differentiate and organs form.

New!!: Epigenetics and Epigenesis (biology) · See more »

Epigenetic code

The epigenetic code is hypothesised to be a defining code in every eukaryotic cell consisting of the specific epigenetic modification in each cell.

New!!: Epigenetics and Epigenetic code · See more »

Epigenetic regulation of neurogenesis

Epigenetics is the study of heritable changes in gene expression which do not result from modifications to the sequence of DNA.

New!!: Epigenetics and Epigenetic regulation of neurogenesis · See more »

Epigenetic therapy

Epigenetic therapy is the use of drugs or other epigenome-influencing techniques to treat medical conditions.

New!!: Epigenetics and Epigenetic therapy · See more »

Epigenetics in forensic science

Epigenetics in forensic science is the application of epigenetics to solving crimes.

New!!: Epigenetics and Epigenetics in forensic science · See more »

Epigenetics of neurodegenerative diseases

Para-sagittal MRI of the head in a patient with benign familial macrocephaly.Neurodegenerative diseases are a heterogenous group of complex disorders linked by the degeneration of neurons in either the peripheral nervous system or the central nervous system.

New!!: Epigenetics and Epigenetics of neurodegenerative diseases · See more »

Epigenomics

Epigenomics is the study of the complete set of epigenetic modifications on the genetic material of a cell, known as the epigenome.

New!!: Epigenetics and Epigenomics · See more »

Epithelium

Epithelium is one of the four basic types of animal tissue, along with connective tissue, muscle tissue and nervous tissue.

New!!: Epigenetics and Epithelium · See more »

Erik Erikson

Erik Homberger Erikson (born Erik Salomonsen; 15 June 1902 – 12 May 1994) was a German-American developmental psychologist and psychoanalyst known for his theory on psychological development of human beings.

New!!: Epigenetics and Erik Erikson · See more »

Erikson's stages of psychosocial development

Erikson's stages of psychosocial development, as articulated in the second half of the 20th century by Erik Erikson, in collaboration with Joan Erikson, is a comprehensive psychoanalytic theory that identifies a series of eight stages, in which a healthy developing individual should pass through from infancy to late adulthood.

New!!: Epigenetics and Erikson's stages of psychosocial development · See more »

Ernst Haeckel

Ernst Heinrich Philipp August Haeckel (16 February 1834 – 9 August 1919) was a German biologist, naturalist, philosopher, physician, professor, marine biologist, and artist who discovered, described and named thousands of new species, mapped a genealogical tree relating all life forms, and coined many terms in biology, including anthropogeny, ecology, phylum, phylogeny, and Protista. Haeckel promoted and popularised Charles Darwin's work in Germany and developed the influential but no longer widely held recapitulation theory ("ontogeny recapitulates phylogeny") claiming that an individual organism's biological development, or ontogeny, parallels and summarises its species' evolutionary development, or phylogeny.

New!!: Epigenetics and Ernst Haeckel · See more »

Escherichia coli

Escherichia coli (also known as E. coli) is a Gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped, coliform bacterium of the genus Escherichia that is commonly found in the lower intestine of warm-blooded organisms (endotherms).

New!!: Epigenetics and Escherichia coli · See more »

Eukaryote

Eukaryotes are organisms whose cells have a nucleus enclosed within membranes, unlike Prokaryotes (Bacteria and other Archaea).

New!!: Epigenetics and Eukaryote · See more »

Eva Jablonka

Eva Jablonka (חווה יבלונקה) (born 1952) is an Israeli theorist and geneticist, known especially for her interest in epigenetic inheritance.

New!!: Epigenetics and Eva Jablonka · See more »

Evolution

Evolution is change in the heritable characteristics of biological populations over successive generations.

New!!: Epigenetics and Evolution · See more »

Evolutionary capacitance

Evolutionary capacitance is the storage and release of variation, just as electric capacitors store and release charge.

New!!: Epigenetics and Evolutionary capacitance · See more »

Evolvability

Evolvability is defined as the capacity of a system for adaptive evolution.

New!!: Epigenetics and Evolvability · See more »

Extended evolutionary synthesis

The extended evolutionary synthesis consists of a set of theoretical concepts more comprehensive than the earlier modern synthesis of evolutionary biology that took place between 1918 and 1942.

New!!: Epigenetics and Extended evolutionary synthesis · See more »

Fluorescence in situ hybridization

Fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) is a molecular cytogenetic technique that uses fluorescent probes that bind to only those parts of the chromosome with a high degree of sequence complementarity.

New!!: Epigenetics and Fluorescence in situ hybridization · See more »

FTO gene

Fat mass and obesity-associated protein also known as alpha-ketoglutarate-dependent dioxygenase FTO is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the FTO gene located on chromosome 16.

New!!: Epigenetics and FTO gene · See more »

Fungal prion

A fungal prion is a prion that infects fungal hosts.

New!!: Epigenetics and Fungal prion · See more »

Gammaproteobacteria

Gammaproteobacteria are a class of bacteria.

New!!: Epigenetics and Gammaproteobacteria · See more »

Gap junction

A gap junction may also be called a nexus or macula communicans.

New!!: Epigenetics and Gap junction · See more »

Gene

In biology, a gene is a sequence of DNA or RNA that codes for a molecule that has a function.

New!!: Epigenetics and Gene · See more »

Gene expression

Gene expression is the process by which information from a gene is used in the synthesis of a functional gene product.

New!!: Epigenetics and Gene expression · See more »

Gene map

Gene maps help describe the spatial arrangement of genes on a chromosome.

New!!: Epigenetics and Gene map · See more »

Gene silencing

Gene silencing is the regulation of gene expression in a cell to prevent the expression of a certain gene.

New!!: Epigenetics and Gene silencing · See more »

Genes & Development

Genes & Development is a peer-reviewed scientific journal covering molecular biology, molecular genetics, cell biology, and development.

New!!: Epigenetics and Genes & Development · See more »

Genetic assimilation

Genetic assimilation is a process by which a phenotype originally produced in response to an environmental condition, such as exposure to a teratogen, later becomes genetically encoded via artificial selection or natural selection.

New!!: Epigenetics and Genetic assimilation · See more »

Genetic code

The genetic code is the set of rules used by living cells to translate information encoded within genetic material (DNA or mRNA sequences) into proteins.

New!!: Epigenetics and Genetic code · See more »

Genome

In the fields of molecular biology and genetics, a genome is the genetic material of an organism.

New!!: Epigenetics and Genome · See more »

Genomic imprinting

Genomic imprinting is an epigenetic phenomenon that causes genes to be expressed in a parent-of-origin-specific manner.

New!!: Epigenetics and Genomic imprinting · See more »

Germ cell

A germ cell is any biological cell that gives rise to the gametes of an organism that reproduces sexually.

New!!: Epigenetics and Germ cell · See more »

Gilbert Gottlieb

Gilbert Gottlieb (22 October 1929 – 13 July 2006) was an American psychologist.

New!!: Epigenetics and Gilbert Gottlieb · See more »

Haemophilus

Haemophilus is a genus of Gram-negative, pleomorphic, coccobacilli bacteria belonging to the family Pasteurellaceae.

New!!: Epigenetics and Haemophilus · See more »

Hepatocyte nuclear factor 4

HNF4 (Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 4) is a nuclear receptor protein mostly expressed in the liver, gut, kidney, and pancreatic beta cells that is critical for liver development.

New!!: Epigenetics and Hepatocyte nuclear factor 4 · See more »

Heterochromatin

Heterochromatin is a tightly packed form of DNA or condensed DNA, which comes in multiple varieties.

New!!: Epigenetics and Heterochromatin · See more »

Heterochromatin protein 1

The family of heterochromatin protein 1 (HP1) ("Chromobox Homolog", CBX) consists of highly conserved proteins, which have important functions in the cell nucleus.

New!!: Epigenetics and Heterochromatin protein 1 · See more »

Hfq binding sRNA

An Hfq binding sRNA is an sRNA that binds the bacterial RNA binding protein called Hfq.

New!!: Epigenetics and Hfq binding sRNA · See more »

Histone

In biology, histones are highly alkaline proteins found in eukaryotic cell nuclei that package and order the DNA into structural units called nucleosomes.

New!!: Epigenetics and Histone · See more »

Histone code

The histone code is a hypothesis that the transcription of genetic information encoded in DNA is in part regulated by chemical modifications to histone proteins, primarily on their unstructured ends.

New!!: Epigenetics and Histone code · See more »

Histone methylation

Histone methylation is a process by which methyl groups are transferred to amino acids of histone proteins that make up nucleosomes, which the DNA double helix wraps around to form chromosomes.

New!!: Epigenetics and Histone methylation · See more »

Hydroquinone

Hydroquinone, also benzene-1,4-diol or quinol, is an aromatic organic compound that is a type of phenol, a derivative of benzene, having the chemical formula C6H4(OH)2.

New!!: Epigenetics and Hydroquinone · See more »

Immortalised cell line

An immortalized cell line is a population of cells from a multicellular organism which would normally not proliferate indefinitely but, due to mutation, have evaded normal cellular senescence and instead can keep undergoing division.

New!!: Epigenetics and Immortalised cell line · See more »

Infection

Infection is the invasion of an organism's body tissues by disease-causing agents, their multiplication, and the reaction of host tissues to the infectious agents and the toxins they produce.

New!!: Epigenetics and Infection · See more »

Iron

Iron is a chemical element with symbol Fe (from ferrum) and atomic number 26.

New!!: Epigenetics and Iron · See more »

Isoflavones

Isoflavones are a type of naturally occurring isoflavonoids, many of which act as phytoestrogens in mammals.

New!!: Epigenetics and Isoflavones · See more »

Journal of Theoretical Biology

The Journal of Theoretical Biology is a biweekly peer-reviewed scientific journal covering theoretical biology, as well as mathematical and computational aspects of biology.

New!!: Epigenetics and Journal of Theoretical Biology · See more »

Karl Ernst von Baer

Karl Ernst Ritter von Baer, Edler von Huthorn (Карл Эрнст фон Бэр; –) was an Estonian scientist and explorer.

New!!: Epigenetics and Karl Ernst von Baer · See more »

Lamarckism

Lamarckism (or Lamarckian inheritance) is the hypothesis that an organism can pass on characteristics that it has acquired through use or disuse during its lifetime to its offspring.

New!!: Epigenetics and Lamarckism · See more »

Local optimum

In applied mathematics and computer science, a local optimum of an optimization problem is a solution that is optimal (either maximal or minimal) within a neighboring set of candidate solutions.

New!!: Epigenetics and Local optimum · See more »

Lysine

Lysine (symbol Lys or K) is an α-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.

New!!: Epigenetics and Lysine · See more »

Mammal

Mammals are the vertebrates within the class Mammalia (from Latin mamma "breast"), a clade of endothermic amniotes distinguished from reptiles (including birds) by the possession of a neocortex (a region of the brain), hair, three middle ear bones, and mammary glands.

New!!: Epigenetics and Mammal · See more »

Marion J. Lamb

Marion J. Lamb (born 29 July 1939) was Senior Lecturer at Birkbeck, University of London, before her retirement.

New!!: Epigenetics and Marion J. Lamb · See more »

Massimo Pigliucci

Massimo Pigliucci (born January 16, 1964) is Professor of Philosophy at CUNY-City College, formerly co-host of the Rationally Speaking Podcast, and formerly the editor in chief for the online magazine Scientia Salon.

New!!: Epigenetics and Massimo Pigliucci · See more »

Maternal effect

A maternal effect is a situation where the phenotype of an organism is determined not only by the environment it experiences and its genotype, but also by the environment and genotype of its mother.

New!!: Epigenetics and Maternal effect · See more »

MECP2

MECP2 (methyl CpG binding protein 2 (Rett syndrome)) is a gene that encodes the protein MECP2.

New!!: Epigenetics and MECP2 · See more »

Meiosis

Meiosis (from Greek μείωσις, meiosis, which means lessening) is a specialized type of cell division that reduces the chromosome number by half, creating four haploid cells, each genetically distinct from the parent cell that gave rise to them.

New!!: Epigenetics and Meiosis · See more »

Messenger RNA

Messenger RNA (mRNA) is a large family of RNA molecules that convey genetic information from DNA to the ribosome, where they specify the amino acid sequence of the protein products of gene expression.

New!!: Epigenetics and Messenger RNA · See more »

Methylation

In the chemical sciences, methylation denotes the addition of a methyl group on a substrate, or the substitution of an atom (or group) by a methyl group.

New!!: Epigenetics and Methylation · See more »

MicroRNA

A microRNA (abbreviated miRNA) is a small non-coding RNA molecule (containing about 22 nucleotides) found in plants, animals and some viruses, that functions in RNA silencing and post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression.

New!!: Epigenetics and MicroRNA · See more »

Mitosis

In cell biology, mitosis is a part of the cell cycle when replicated chromosomes are separated into two new nuclei.

New!!: Epigenetics and Mitosis · See more »

MLH1

MutL homolog 1, colon cancer, nonpolyposis type 2 (E. coli) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the MLH1 gene located on Chromosome 3.

New!!: Epigenetics and MLH1 · See more »

Modern synthesis (20th century)

The modern synthesis was the early 20th-century synthesis reconciling Charles Darwin's theory of evolution and Gregor Mendel's ideas on heredity in a joint mathematical framework.

New!!: Epigenetics and Modern synthesis (20th century) · See more »

Molecular biology

Molecular biology is a branch of biology which concerns the molecular basis of biological activity between biomolecules in the various systems of a cell, including the interactions between DNA, RNA, proteins and their biosynthesis, as well as the regulation of these interactions.

New!!: Epigenetics and Molecular biology · See more »

Morphogen

A morphogen is a substance whose non-uniform distribution governs the pattern of tissue development in the process of morphogenesis or pattern formation, one of the core processes of developmental biology, establishing positions of the various specialized cell types within a tissue.

New!!: Epigenetics and Morphogen · See more »

Morphogenesis

Morphogenesis (from the Greek morphê shape and genesis creation, literally, "beginning of the shape") is the biological process that causes an organism to develop its shape.

New!!: Epigenetics and Morphogenesis · See more »

Multicellular organism

Multicellular organisms are organisms that consist of more than one cell, in contrast to unicellular organisms.

New!!: Epigenetics and Multicellular organism · See more »

Mutation

In biology, a mutation is the permanent alteration of the nucleotide sequence of the genome of an organism, virus, or extrachromosomal DNA or other genetic elements.

New!!: Epigenetics and Mutation · See more »

Myocyte

A myocyte (also known as a muscle cell) is the type of cell found in muscle tissue.

New!!: Epigenetics and Myocyte · See more »

MyoD

MyoD is a protein that plays a major role in regulating muscle differentiation.

New!!: Epigenetics and MyoD · See more »

N6-Methyladenosine

N6-Methyladenosine (m6A) is an abundant modification in mRNA and is found within some viruses, and most eukaryotes including mammals, insects, plants and yeast.

New!!: Epigenetics and N6-Methyladenosine · See more »

National Institutes of Health

The National Institutes of Health (NIH) is the primary agency of the United States government responsible for biomedical and public health research, founded in the late 1870s.

New!!: Epigenetics and National Institutes of Health · See more »

Natural selection

Natural selection is the differential survival and reproduction of individuals due to differences in phenotype.

New!!: Epigenetics and Natural selection · See more »

Nature (journal)

Nature is a British multidisciplinary scientific journal, first published on 4 November 1869.

New!!: Epigenetics and Nature (journal) · See more »

Nature Chemical Biology

Nature Chemical Biology is a monthly, peer-reviewed, scientific journal, which is published by Nature Publishing Group.

New!!: Epigenetics and Nature Chemical Biology · See more »

Neuron

A neuron, also known as a neurone (British spelling) and nerve cell, is an electrically excitable cell that receives, processes, and transmits information through electrical and chemical signals.

New!!: Epigenetics and Neuron · See more »

New Age

New Age is a term applied to a range of spiritual or religious beliefs and practices that developed in Western nations during the 1970s.

New!!: Epigenetics and New Age · See more »

Non-coding RNA

A non-coding RNA (ncRNA) is an RNA molecule that is not translated into a protein.

New!!: Epigenetics and Non-coding RNA · See more »

Nonsense mutation

In genetics, a point-nonsense mutation is a point mutation in a sequence of DNA that results in a premature stop codon, or a point-nonsense codon in the transcribed mRNA, and in a truncated, incomplete, and usually nonfunctional protein product.

New!!: Epigenetics and Nonsense mutation · See more »

Nucleic acid sequence

A nucleic acid sequence is a succession of letters that indicate the order of nucleotides forming alleles within a DNA (using GACT) or RNA (GACU) molecule.

New!!: Epigenetics and Nucleic acid sequence · See more »

Nucleosome

A nucleosome is a basic unit of DNA packaging in eukaryotes, consisting of a segment of DNA wound in sequence around eight histone protein cores.

New!!: Epigenetics and Nucleosome · See more »

Nurse cell

In general biology or reproductive physiology the term nurse cell is defined as a cell which provides food, helps other cells and provides stability to their neighboring cells.

New!!: Epigenetics and Nurse cell · See more »

Nutriepigenomics

Nutriepigenomics is the study of food nutrients and their effects on human health through epigenetic modifications.

New!!: Epigenetics and Nutriepigenomics · See more »

Nymphalis antiopa

Nymphalis antiopa, known as the mourning cloak in North America and the Camberwell beauty in Britain, is a large butterfly native to Eurasia and North America.

New!!: Epigenetics and Nymphalis antiopa · See more »

O-6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase

O6-alkylguanine DNA alkyltransferase (also known as AGT, MGMT or AGAT) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the O6-methylguanine DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) gene.

New!!: Epigenetics and O-6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase · See more »

Oogenesis

Oogenesis, ovogenesis, or oögenesis is the differentiation of the ovum (egg cell) into a cell competent to further development when fertilized.

New!!: Epigenetics and Oogenesis · See more »

Oxford English Dictionary

The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) is the main historical dictionary of the English language, published by the Oxford University Press.

New!!: Epigenetics and Oxford English Dictionary · See more »

P53

Tumor protein p53, also known as p53, cellular tumor antigen p53 (UniProt name), phosphoprotein p53, tumor suppressor p53, antigen NY-CO-13, or transformation-related protein 53 (TRP53), is any isoform of a protein encoded by homologous genes in various organisms, such as TP53 (humans) and Trp53 (mice).

New!!: Epigenetics and P53 · See more »

Paramecium

Paramecium (also Paramoecium) is a genus of unicellular ciliates, commonly studied as a representative of the ciliate group.

New!!: Epigenetics and Paramecium · See more »

Paramutation

In epigenetics, a paramutation is an interaction between two alleles at a single locus, whereby one allele induces a heritable change in the other allele.

New!!: Epigenetics and Paramutation · See more »

Parthenogenesis

Parthenogenesis (from the Greek label + label) is a natural form of asexual reproduction in which growth and development of embryos occur without fertilization.

New!!: Epigenetics and Parthenogenesis · See more »

Paul Wintrebert

Paul Wintrebert (1867–1966) was a French embryologist and a theoretician of developmental biology.

New!!: Epigenetics and Paul Wintrebert · See more »

Phenotype

A phenotype is the composite of an organism's observable characteristics or traits, such as its morphology, development, biochemical or physiological properties, behavior, and products of behavior (such as a bird's nest).

New!!: Epigenetics and Phenotype · See more »

Phenotypic trait

A phenotypic trait, or simply trait, is a distinct variant of a phenotypic characteristic of an organism; it may be either inherited or determined environmentally, but typically occurs as a combination of the two.

New!!: Epigenetics and Phenotypic trait · See more »

Phosphorylation

In chemistry, phosphorylation of a molecule is the attachment of a phosphoryl group.

New!!: Epigenetics and Phosphorylation · See more »

Physiology

Physiology is the scientific study of normal mechanisms, and their interactions, which work within a living system.

New!!: Epigenetics and Physiology · See more »

Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase

Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) is a family of proteins involved in a number of cellular processes such as DNA repair, genomic stability, and programmed cell death.

New!!: Epigenetics and Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase · See more »

Pomace

Pomace, or marc (from French marc), is the solid remains of grapes, olives, or other fruit after pressing for juice or oil.

New!!: Epigenetics and Pomace · See more »

Population genetics

Population genetics is a subfield of genetics that deals with genetic differences within and between populations, and is a part of evolutionary biology.

New!!: Epigenetics and Population genetics · See more »

Position effect

Position effect is the effect on the expression of a gene when its location in a chromosome is changed, often by translocation.

New!!: Epigenetics and Position effect · See more »

Position-effect variegation

Position-effect variegation (PEV) is a variegation caused by the silencing of a gene in some cells through its abnormal juxtaposition with heterochromatin via rearrangement or transposition.

New!!: Epigenetics and Position-effect variegation · See more »

Post-translational modification

Post-translational modification (PTM) refers to the covalent and generally enzymatic modification of proteins following protein biosynthesis.

New!!: Epigenetics and Post-translational modification · See more »

Prader–Willi syndrome

Prader–Willi syndrome (PWS) is a genetic disorder due to loss of function of specific genes.

New!!: Epigenetics and Prader–Willi syndrome · See more »

Preformationism

In the history of biology, preformationism (or preformism) is a formerly-popular theory that organisms develop from miniature versions of themselves.

New!!: Epigenetics and Preformationism · See more »

Prion

Prions are misfolded proteins that are associated with several fatal neurodegenerative diseases in animals and humans.

New!!: Epigenetics and Prion · See more »

Proliferating cell nuclear antigen

Proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) is a DNA clamp that acts as a processivity factor for DNA polymerase δ in eukaryotic cells and is essential for replication.

New!!: Epigenetics and Proliferating cell nuclear antigen · See more »

Promoter (genetics)

In genetics, a promoter is a region of DNA that initiates transcription of a particular gene.

New!!: Epigenetics and Promoter (genetics) · See more »

Protamine

Protamines are small, arginine-rich, nuclear proteins that replace histones late in the haploid phase of spermatogenesis and are believed essential for sperm head condensation and DNA stabilization.

New!!: Epigenetics and Protamine · See more »

Protein

Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.

New!!: Epigenetics and Protein · See more »

Pseudoscience

Pseudoscience consists of statements, beliefs, or practices that are claimed to be both scientific and factual, but are incompatible with the scientific method.

New!!: Epigenetics and Pseudoscience · See more »

Quackery

Quackery or health fraud is the promotion of fraudulent or ignorant medical practices.

New!!: Epigenetics and Quackery · See more »

Quinolone antibiotic

A quinolone antibiotic is any member of a large group of broad-spectrum bactericides that share a bicyclic core structure related to the compound 4-quinolone.

New!!: Epigenetics and Quinolone antibiotic · See more »

Randy Jirtle

Randy Jirtle (born November 9, 1947) is an American biologist noted for his pioneering research in epigenetics, the branch of biology that deals with inherited information that does not reside in the nucleotide sequence of DNA.

New!!: Epigenetics and Randy Jirtle · See more »

Repressor

In molecular genetics, a repressor is a DNA- or RNA-binding protein that inhibits the expression of one or more genes by binding to the operator or associated silencers.

New!!: Epigenetics and Repressor · See more »

Reprogramming

In biology, reprogramming refers to erasure and remodeling of epigenetic marks, such as DNA methylation, during mammalian development or in cell culture.

New!!: Epigenetics and Reprogramming · See more »

Restriction enzyme

A restriction enzyme or restriction endonuclease is an enzyme that cleaves DNA into fragments at or near specific recognition sites within the molecule known as restriction sites.

New!!: Epigenetics and Restriction enzyme · See more »

Rett syndrome

Rett syndrome (RTT) is a genetic brain disorder which typically becomes apparent after 6 to 18 months of age in females.

New!!: Epigenetics and Rett syndrome · See more »

Reward system

The reward system is a group of neural structures responsible for incentive salience (i.e., motivation and "wanting", desire, or craving for a reward), associative learning (primarily positive reinforcement and classical conditioning), and positive emotions, particularly ones which involve pleasure as a core component (e.g., joy, euphoria and ecstasy).

New!!: Epigenetics and Reward system · See more »

RNA

Ribonucleic acid (RNA) is a polymeric molecule essential in various biological roles in coding, decoding, regulation, and expression of genes.

New!!: Epigenetics and RNA · See more »

RNA interference

RNA interference (RNAi) is a biological process in which RNA molecules inhibit gene expression or translation, by neutralizing targeted mRNA molecules.

New!!: Epigenetics and RNA interference · See more »

Robert Winston

Robert Maurice Lipson Winston, Baron Winston (born 15 July 1940) is a British professor, medical doctor, scientist, television presenter and Labour Party politician.

New!!: Epigenetics and Robert Winston · See more »

Robin Holliday

Robin Holliday (6 November 1932 – 9 April 2014) was a British molecular biologist.

New!!: Epigenetics and Robin Holliday · See more »

Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a species of yeast.

New!!: Epigenetics and Saccharomyces cerevisiae · See more »

Salmonella

Salmonella is a genus of rod-shaped (bacillus) Gram-negative bacteria of the family Enterobacteriaceae.

New!!: Epigenetics and Salmonella · See more »

Sensationalism

Sensationalism is a type of editorial bias in mass media in which events and topics in news stories and pieces are overhyped to present biased impressions on events, which may cause a manipulation to the truth of a story.

New!!: Epigenetics and Sensationalism · See more »

Signal transduction

Signal transduction is the process by which a chemical or physical signal is transmitted through a cell as a series of molecular events, most commonly protein phosphorylation catalyzed by protein kinases, which ultimately results in a cellular response.

New!!: Epigenetics and Signal transduction · See more »

Silencer (genetics)

In genetics, a silencer is a DNA sequence capable of binding transcription regulation factors, called repressors.

New!!: Epigenetics and Silencer (genetics) · See more »

Single molecule real time sequencing

Single molecule real time sequencing (SMRT) is a parallelized single molecule DNA sequencing method.

New!!: Epigenetics and Single molecule real time sequencing · See more »

SIR proteins

Silent Information Regulator (SIR) proteins are involved in regulating gene expression and some SIR family members are conserved from yeast to humans.

New!!: Epigenetics and SIR proteins · See more »

Small interfering RNA

Small interfering RNA (siRNA), sometimes known as short interfering RNA or silencing RNA, is a class of double-stranded RNA molecules, 20-25 base pairs in length, similar to miRNA, and operating within the RNA interference (RNAi) pathway.

New!!: Epigenetics and Small interfering RNA · See more »

Somatic epitype

A somatic epitype is a non-heritable epigenetic alteration in a gene.

New!!: Epigenetics and Somatic epitype · See more »

Stem cell

Stem cells are biological cells that can differentiate into other types of cells and can divide to produce more of the same type of stem cells.

New!!: Epigenetics and Stem cell · See more »

Streptococcus pneumoniae

Streptococcus pneumoniae, or pneumococcus, is a Gram-positive, alpha-hemolytic (under aerobic conditions) or beta-hemolytic (under anaerobic conditions), facultative anaerobic member of the genus Streptococcus.

New!!: Epigenetics and Streptococcus pneumoniae · See more »

Structural inheritance

Structural inheritance or cortical inheritance is the transmission of an epigenetic trait in a living organism by a self-perpetuating spatial structures.

New!!: Epigenetics and Structural inheritance · See more »

Styrene

Styrene, also known as ethenylbenzene, vinylbenzene, and phenylethene, is an organic compound with the chemical formula C6H5CH.

New!!: Epigenetics and Styrene · See more »

SUMO protein

Small Ubiquitin-like Modifier (or SUMO) proteins are a family of small proteins that are covalently attached to and detached from other proteins in cells to modify their function.

New!!: Epigenetics and SUMO protein · See more »

SWI/SNF

In molecular biology, SWI/SNF (SWItch/Sucrose Non-Fermentable), is a nucleosome remodeling complex found in both eukaryotes and prokaryotes.

New!!: Epigenetics and SWI/SNF · See more »

Syncytium

A syncytium or symplasm (plural syncytia; from Greek: σύν (syn).

New!!: Epigenetics and Syncytium · See more »

Synthetic genetic array

Synthetic genetic array analysis (SGA) is a high-throughput technique for exploring synthetic lethal and synthetic sick genetic interactions (SSL).

New!!: Epigenetics and Synthetic genetic array · See more »

System dynamics

System dynamics (SD) is an approach to understanding the nonlinear behaviour of complex systems over time using stocks, flows, internal feedback loops, table functions and time delays.

New!!: Epigenetics and System dynamics · See more »

Teratology

Teratology is the study of abnormalities of physiological development.

New!!: Epigenetics and Teratology · See more »

Tetrahymena

Tetrahymena is a genus of free-living ciliates that can also switch from commensalistic to pathogenic modes of survival.

New!!: Epigenetics and Tetrahymena · See more »

The Guardian

The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.

New!!: Epigenetics and The Guardian · See more »

Thymidine

Thymidine (deoxythymidine; other names deoxyribosylthymine, thymine deoxyriboside) is a pyrimidine deoxynucleoside.

New!!: Epigenetics and Thymidine · See more »

Transcription (biology)

Transcription is the first step of gene expression, in which a particular segment of DNA is copied into RNA (especially mRNA) by the enzyme RNA polymerase.

New!!: Epigenetics and Transcription (biology) · See more »

Transcription factor

In molecular biology, a transcription factor (TF) (or sequence-specific DNA-binding factor) is a protein that controls the rate of transcription of genetic information from DNA to messenger RNA, by binding to a specific DNA sequence.

New!!: Epigenetics and Transcription factor · See more »

Transgenerational epigenetic inheritance

Transgenerational epigenetic inheritance is the transmission of information from one generation of an organism to the next (i.e., parent–child transmission) that affects the traits of offspring without alteration of the primary structure of DNA (i.e., the sequence of nucleotides)—in other words, epigenetically.

New!!: Epigenetics and Transgenerational epigenetic inheritance · See more »

Transmissible spongiform encephalopathy

Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs), also known as prion diseases, are a group of progressive, invariably fatal, conditions that affect the brain (encephalopathies) and nervous system of many animals, including humans.

New!!: Epigenetics and Transmissible spongiform encephalopathy · See more »

Transposable element

A transposable element (TE or transposon) is a DNA sequence that can change its position within a genome, sometimes creating or reversing mutations and altering the cell's genetic identity and genome size.

New!!: Epigenetics and Transposable element · See more »

Transvection (genetics)

Transvection is an epigenetic phenomenon that results from an interaction between an allele on one chromosome and the corresponding allele on the homologous chromosome.

New!!: Epigenetics and Transvection (genetics) · See more »

Trichloroethylene

The chemical compound trichloroethylene is a halocarbon commonly used as an industrial solvent.

New!!: Epigenetics and Trichloroethylene · See more »

Ubiquitin

Ubiquitin is a small (8.5 kDa) regulatory protein found in most tissues of eukaryotic organisms, i.e. it occurs ''ubiquitously''.

New!!: Epigenetics and Ubiquitin · See more »

University of Leeds

The University of Leeds is a Russell Group university in Leeds, West Yorkshire, England.

New!!: Epigenetics and University of Leeds · See more »

Vaccinium myrtillus

Vaccinium myrtillus is a species of shrub with edible fruit of blue color, commonly called "bilberry", "wimberry", "whortleberry", or European blueberry.

New!!: Epigenetics and Vaccinium myrtillus · See more »

Valentin Haecker

Ferdinand Carl Valentin Haecker (15 September 1864 – 19 December 1927) was a German zoologist, reader at Freiburg University from 1892.

New!!: Epigenetics and Valentin Haecker · See more »

Vibrio

Vibrio is a genus of Gram-negative bacteria, possessing a curved-rod shape (comma shape), several species of which can cause foodborne infection, usually associated with eating undercooked seafood.

New!!: Epigenetics and Vibrio · See more »

Virulence

Virulence is a pathogen's or microbe's ability to infect or damage a host.

New!!: Epigenetics and Virulence · See more »

Weismann barrier

The Weismann barrier, proposed by August Weismann, is the strict distinction between the "immortal" germ cell lineages producing gametes and "disposable" somatic cells.

New!!: Epigenetics and Weismann barrier · See more »

X-inactivation

X-inactivation (also called lyonization) is a process by which one of the copies of the X chromosome present in female mammals is inactivated.

New!!: Epigenetics and X-inactivation · See more »

Yeast

Yeasts are eukaryotic, single-celled microorganisms classified as members of the fungus kingdom.

New!!: Epigenetics and Yeast · See more »

Yersinia

Yersinia is a genus of bacteria in the family Yersiniaceae.

New!!: Epigenetics and Yersinia · See more »

Zygosity

Zygosity is the degree of similarity of the alleles for a trait in an organism.

New!!: Epigenetics and Zygosity · See more »

Zygote

A zygote (from Greek ζυγωτός zygōtos "joined" or "yoked", from ζυγοῦν zygoun "to join" or "to yoke") is a eukaryotic cell formed by a fertilization event between two gametes.

New!!: Epigenetics and Zygote · See more »

5-Methylcytosine

5-Methylcytosine is a methylated form of the DNA base cytosine that may be involved in the regulation of gene transcription.

New!!: Epigenetics and 5-Methylcytosine · See more »

Redirects here:

Bacterial epigenetics, Epi-mark, Epidna, Epigene, Epigenetic, Epigenetic Theory, Epigenetic alteration, Epigenetic effect, Epigenetic effects, Epigenetic gene regulation, Epigenetic landscape, Epigenetic marker, Epigenetic mechanism, Epigenetic principle, Epigenetic regulation, Epigenetic theory, Epigenetically, Epigeneticist, Epigenic patterning, Epigenomic map, Epigentic inheritance, Epimutation, Genetic trauma, Neuroepigenetic, Waddington landscape, Waddington's landscape.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Epigenetics

OutgoingIncoming
Hey! We are on Facebook now! »