49 relations: Accounting, Accounting equation, Art equity, Asset, Balance sheet, Bankruptcy, Book value, Business, Business operations, Call option, Capital gain, Capital surplus, Common stock, Corporation, Creditor, Dividend, Enterprise value, Equity of redemption, Financial accounting, Financial statement, International Accounting Standards Board, Investment management, Liability (financial accounting), Liquidation, Negative equity, Net income, Net worth, Operating cash flow, Option (finance), Ownership, Portfolio (finance), Preferred stock, Private equity, Private limited company, Proxy (statistics), Reserve (accounting), Residual claimant, Retained earnings, Segregated fund, Share capital, Share repurchase, Shareholder, Shares outstanding, Stock, Stock market, Stock valuation, Strike price, Treasury stock, Yield gap.
Accounting or accountancy is the measurement, processing, and communication of financial information about economic entities such as businesses and corporations.
The basic accounting equation, also called the balance sheet equation, represents the relationship between the assets, liabilities, and owner's equity of a business.
Art equity is a proportionate ownership right that an individual or entity may claim against a physical representation of Art.
In financial accounting, an asset is an economic resource.
In financial accounting, a balance sheet or statement of financial position is a summary of the financial balances of an individual or organization, whether it be a sole proprietorship, a business partnership, a corporation, private limited company or other organization such as Government or not-for-profit entity.
Bankruptcy is a legal status of a person or other entity that cannot repay debts to creditors.
In accounting, book value is the value of an asset according to its balance sheet account balance.
Business is the activity of making one's living or making money by producing or buying and selling products (goods and services).
The outcome of business operations is the harvesting of value from assets owned by a business.
A call option, often simply labeled a "call", is a financial contract between two parties, the buyer and the seller of this type of option.
A capital gain refers to profit that results from a sale of a capital asset, such as stock, bond or real estate, where the sale price exceeds the purchase price.
Capital surplus, also called share premium, is an account which may appear on a corporation's balance sheet, as a component of shareholders' equity, which represents the amount the corporation raises on the issue of shares in excess of their par value (nominal value) of the shares (common stock).
Common stock is a form of corporate equity ownership, a type of security.
A corporation is a company or group of people or an organisation authorized to act as a single entity (legally a person) and recognized as such in law.
A creditor is a party (for example, person, organization, company, or government) that has a claim on the services of a second party.
A dividend is a payment made by a corporation to its shareholders, usually as a distribution of profits.
Enterprise value (EV), total enterprise value (TEV), or firm value (FV) is an economic measure reflecting the market value of a business.
The equity of redemption refers to the right of a mortgagor in law to redeem his or her property once the debt secured by the mortgage has been discharged.
Financial accounting (or financial accountancy) is the field of accounting concerned with the summary, analysis and reporting of financial transactions pertaining to a business.
Financial statements (or financial report) is a formal record of the financial activities and position of a business, person, or other entity.
The International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) is the independent, accounting standard-setting body of the IFRS Foundation.
Investment management is the professional asset management of various securities (shares, bonds and other securities) and other assets (e.g., real estate) in order to meet specified investment goals for the benefit of the investors.
In financial accounting, a liability is defined as the future sacrifices of economic benefits that the entity is obliged to make to other entities as a result of past transactions or other past events, the settlement of which may result in the transfer or use of assets, provision of services or other yielding of economic benefits in the future.
In United Kingdom, Republic of Ireland and United States law and business, liquidation is the process by which a company is brought to an end.
Negative equity occurs when the value of an asset used to secure a loan is less than the outstanding balance on the loan.
In business, net income (total comprehensive income, net earnings, net profit, informally, bottom line) is an entity's income minus cost of goods sold, expenses and taxes for an accounting period.
Net worth is the value of all the non-financial and financial assets owned by an institutional unit or sector minus the value of all its outstanding liabilities.
In financial accounting, operating cash flow (OCF), cash flow provided by operations, cash flow from operating activities (CFO) or free cash flow from operations (FCFO), refers to the amount of cash a company generates from the revenues it brings in, excluding costs associated with long-term investment on capital items or investment in securities.
In finance, an option is a contract which gives the buyer (the owner or holder of the option) the right, but not the obligation, to buy or sell an underlying asset or instrument at a specified strike price on a specified date, depending on the form of the option.
Ownership is the state or fact of exclusive rights and control over property, which may be an object, land/real estate or intellectual property.
In finance, a portfolio is a collection of investments held by an investment company, hedge fund, financial institution or individual.
Preferred stock (also called preferred shares, preference shares or simply preferreds) is a type of stock which may have any combination of features not possessed by common stock including properties of both an equity and a debt instrument, and is generally considered a hybrid instrument.
Private equity typically refers to investment funds organized as limited partnerships that are not publicly traded and whose investors are typically large institutional investors, university endowments, or wealthy individuals.
A private limited company is a type of business entity in "private" ownership used in many jurisdictions in contrast to "public" ownership, with some differences from country to country.
In statistics, a proxy or proxy variable is a variable that is not in itself directly relevant, but that serves in place of an unobservable or immeasurable variable.
In financial accounting, reserve is any part of shareholders' equity, except for basic share capital.
The residual claimant refers to the economic agent who has the sole remaining claim on an organization's net cash flows, i.e. after the deduction of precedent agents' claims, and therefore also bears the residual risk.
The retained earnings of a corporation is the accumulated net income of the corporation that is retained by the corporation at a particular point of time, such as at the end of the reporting period.
A Segregated Fund or Seg Fund is a type of investment fund administered by Canadian insurance companies in the form of individual, variable life insurance contracts offering certain guarantees to the policyholder such as reimbursement of capital upon death.
A corporation's share capital (or capital stock in US English) is the portion of a corporation's equity that has been obtained by the issue of shares in the corporation to a shareholder, usually for cash.
Share repurchase (or stock buyback) is the re-acquisition by a company of its own stock.
A shareholder or stockholder is an individual or institution (including a corporation) that legally owns one or more shares of stock in a public or private corporation.
Shares outstanding are all the shares of a corporation or financial asset that have been authorized, issued and purchased by investors and are held by them.
The stock (also capital stock) of a corporation is constituted of the equity stock of its owners.
A stock market, equity market or share market is the aggregation of buyers and sellers (a loose network of economic transactions, not a physical facility or discrete entity) of stocks (also called shares), which represent ownership claims on businesses; these may include securities listed on a public stock exchange as well as those only traded privately.
In financial markets, stock valuation is the method of calculating theoretical values of companies and their stocks.
In finance, the strike price (or exercise price) of an option is the fixed price at which the owner of the option can buy (in the case of a call), or sell (in the case of a put), the underlying security or commodity.
A treasury stock or reacquired stock is stock which is also bought back by the issuing company, reducing the amount of outstanding stock on the open market ("open market" including insiders' holdings).
The yield gap or yield ratio is the ratio of the dividend yield of an equity and the yield of a long-term government bond.
Equity (capital), Equity capital, Equity finance, Equity financing, Equity investor, Equity stake, Full-stake, Investing on the stock market, Net equity, Owner's equity, Owners equity, Ownership Equity, Ownership equity, Residual equity, Risk capital, Shareholder Equity, Shareholder equity, Shareholder's Equity, Shareholder's equity, Shareholders' Equity, Shareholders' deficit, Shareholders' equity, Stockholder's equity.