47 relations: Acute kidney injury, Agar, Antibiotic, Antibody, Asymptomatic, Bacteria, Catalase, Colony-forming unit, Cramp, Curli, Dialysis, Diarrhea, Disease, Escherichia coli, Escherichia coli O104:H4, Escherichia coli O121, Fecal–oral route, Feedlot, Fever, Fluorescence, Foodborne illness, Globotriaosylceramide, Hand washing, Hemolytic-uremic syndrome, Infectious dose, Kidney, List of foodborne illness outbreaks, Loperamide, Partnership for Food Safety Education, Pathogenic bacteria, Polymerase chain reaction, Prophage, Purpura, Red blood cell, Serotype, Shigatoxigenic and verotoxigenic Escherichia coli, Sorbitol-MacConkey agar, Stool test, The New York Times, The Sunday Times, Transduction (genetics), United States Department of Agriculture, Virulence, Walkerton E. coli outbreak, 1993 Jack in the Box E. coli outbreak, 1996 Odwalla E. coli outbreak, 2011 Germany E. coli O104:H4 outbreak.
Acute kidney injury (AKI), previously called acute renal failure (ARF), is an abrupt loss of kidney function that develops within 7 days.
Agar (pronounced, sometimes) or agar-agar is a jelly-like substance, obtained from algae.
An antibiotic (from ancient Greek αντιβιοτικά, antibiotiká), also called an antibacterial, is a type of antimicrobial drug used in the treatment and prevention of bacterial infections.
An antibody (Ab), also known as an immunoglobulin (Ig), is a large, Y-shaped protein produced mainly by plasma cells that is used by the immune system to neutralize pathogens such as pathogenic bacteria and viruses.
In medicine, a disease is considered asymptomatic if a patient is a carrier for a disease or infection but experiences no symptoms.
Bacteria (common noun bacteria, singular bacterium) is a type of biological cell.
Catalase is a common enzyme found in nearly all living organisms exposed to oxygen (such as bacteria, plants, and animals).
In microbiology, a colony-forming unit (CFU, cfu, Cfu) is a unit used to estimate the number of viable bacteria or fungal cells in a sample.
A cramp is a sudden, involuntary muscle contraction or over-shortening; while generally temporary and non-damaging, they can cause significant pain, and a paralysis-like immobility of the affected muscle.
Curli protein is a type of amyloid fiber produced by certain strains of enterobacteria.
In medicine, dialysis (from Greek διάλυσις, diàlysis, "dissolution"; from διά, dià, "through", and λύσις, lỳsis, "loosening or splitting") is the process of removing excess water, solutes and toxins from the blood in those whose native kidneys have lost the ability to perform these functions in a natural way.
Diarrhea, also spelled diarrhoea, is the condition of having at least three loose or liquid bowel movements each day.
A disease is any condition which results in the disorder of a structure or function in an organism that is not due to any external injury.
Escherichia coli (also known as E. coli) is a Gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped, coliform bacterium of the genus Escherichia that is commonly found in the lower intestine of warm-blooded organisms (endotherms).
Escherichia coli O104:H4 is an enteroaggregative ''Escherichia coli'' strain of the bacterium Escherichia coli, and the cause of the 2011 ''Escherichia coli'' O104:H4 outbreak.
Escherichia coli O121 is a pathogenic serotype of Escherichia coli, associated with Shiga toxin, intestinal bleeding, and hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS).
The fecal–oral route (or oral–fecal route or fecal oral route) describes a particular route of transmission of a disease.
A feedlot or feed yard is a type of animal feeding operation (AFO) which is used in intensive animal farming for finishing livestock, notably beef cattle, but also swine, horses, sheep, turkeys, chickens or ducks, prior to slaughter.
Fever, also known as pyrexia and febrile response, is defined as having a temperature above the normal range due to an increase in the body's temperature set-point.
Fluorescence is the emission of light by a substance that has absorbed light or other electromagnetic radiation.
Foodborne illness (also foodborne disease and colloquially referred to as food poisoning) is any illness resulting from the food spoilage of contaminated food, pathogenic bacteria, viruses, or parasites that contaminate food, as well as toxins such as poisonous mushrooms and various species of beans that have not been boiled for at least 10 minutes.
Globotriaosylceramide is a globoside.
Hand washing, also known as hand hygiene, is the act of cleaning hands for the purpose of removing soil, dirt, and microorganisms.
Hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS) is a disease characterized by a triad of hemolytic anemia (anemia caused by destruction of red blood cells), acute kidney failure (uremia), and a low platelet count (thrombocytopenia).
Infectious dose (ID) is the amount of pathogen (measured in number of microorganisms) required to cause an infection in the host.
The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs present in left and right sides of the body in vertebrates.
This is a list of foodborne illness outbreaks.
Loperamide, sold under the brand name Imodium among others, is a medication used to decrease the frequency of diarrhea.
The Partnership for Food Safety Education is a nonprofit organization with a mission to end illness and death from foodborne infections in the United States.
Pathogenic bacteria are bacteria that can cause disease.
Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is a technique used in molecular biology to amplify a single copy or a few copies of a segment of DNA across several orders of magnitude, generating thousands to millions of copies of a particular DNA sequence.
A prophage is a bacteriophage (often shortened to "phage") genome inserted and integrated into the circular bacterial DNA chromosome or existing as an extrachromosomal plasmid.
Purpura is a condition of red or purple discolored spots on the skin that do not blanch on applying pressure.
Red blood cells-- also known as RBCs, red cells, red blood corpuscles, haematids, erythroid cells or erythrocytes (from Greek erythros for "red" and kytos for "hollow vessel", with -cyte translated as "cell" in modern usage), are the most common type of blood cell and the vertebrate's principal means of delivering oxygen (O2) to the body tissues—via blood flow through the circulatory system.
A serotype or serovar is a distinct variation within a species of bacteria or virus or among immune cells of different individuals.
Shigatoxigenic Escherichia coli (STEC) and verotoxigenic E. coli (VTEC) are strains of the bacterium Escherichia coli that produce either Shiga toxin or Shiga-like toxin (verotoxin).
Sorbitol MacConkey agar is a variant of traditional MacConkey agar used in the detection of E. coli O157:H7.
A stool test involves the collection and analysis of fecal matter to diagnose the presence or absence of a medical condition.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Sunday Times is the largest-selling British national newspaper in the "quality press" market category.
Transduction is the process by which foreign DNA is introduced into a cell by a virus or viral vector.
The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), also known as the Agriculture Department, is the U.S. federal executive department responsible for developing and executing federal laws related to farming, forestry, and food.
Virulence is a pathogen's or microbe's ability to infect or damage a host.
The 2000 Walkerton outbreak of waterborne gastroenteritis was the result of a contamination of the water supply of Walkerton, Ontario, Canada with E. coli and Campylobacter jejuni bacteria.
The 1993 Jack in the Box E. coli outbreak occurred when 732 people were infected with the ''Escherichia coli'' O157:H7 bacterium originating from contaminated beef patties.
The 1996 Odwalla E. coli outbreak began on October 7, 1996, when Odwalla produced a batch of apple juice using blemished fruit contaminated with E. coli bacterium, which ultimately killed a 16-month-old girl and sickened 66 people.
A novel strain of ''Escherichia coli'' O104:H4 bacteria caused a serious outbreak of foodborne illness focused in northern Germany in May through June 2011.
0157, 0157:H7, E coli o157:h7, E. coli 0157 H7, E. coli 0157:H7, E. coli O157, E. coli O157:H7, E.coli 0157, E.coli O157:H7, EHEC 0157:H7, Escherichia coli O157 H7, Escherichia coli o157, O157, O157:H7, O157H7.