164 relations: Affricate consonant, Agglutinative language, Ahistoricism, Aivilik dialect, Aklavik, Alaska, Alaska Native Language Center, Aleut language, Aleutian Islands, Alexander Vovin, Alutiiq language, Alveolar and postalveolar approximants, Alveolar consonant, Amur River, Approximant consonant, Balancing and deranking, Bering Strait, Bilabial consonant, Bilabial nasal, Bound and unbound morphemes, Central Siberian Yupik language, Central vowel, Chaplino dialect, Chevak Cup’ik language, China, Chugach, Chukchi Peninsula, Chukotko-Kamchatkan languages, Clitic, Close back rounded vowel, Close central unrounded vowel, Close front unrounded vowel, Close vowel, Cognate, Comparative linguistics, Coronal consonant, Dental and alveolar flaps, Dental consonant, Dental, alveolar and postalveolar lateral approximants, Dependent clause, Dialect, Dialect continuum, Digraph (orthography), Diomede Islands, Ejective consonant, Ergative–absolutive language, Eskimology, Eurasia, Eurasiatic languages, Finnish language, ..., Fricative consonant, Front vowel, Genetic relationship (linguistics), Glottal consonant, Glottal stop, Grammatical case, Grammatical mood, Grammatical person, Greenland, Greenlandic language, Harold C. Fleming, Indigenous languages of the Americas, Inuinnaqtun, Inuit languages, Inuktitut, Inuktun, Inupiaq language, Inuttitut, Inuvialuit Settlement Region, Inuvialuktun, Inuvik, Joseph Greenberg, Kalaallisut, Kangiryuarmiutun, Kivalliq dialect, Knut Bergsland, Labial consonant, Lagopus, Language family, Lateral consonant, Michael Fortescue, Mid vowel, Morris Swadesh, Na-Dene languages, Nasal consonant, Nattilik, Naukan Yupik language, Netsilik dialect, North America, North Baffin dialect, Northern Canada, Nunatsiavut, Nunavik, Nunavut, Nunivak Cup'ig language, Open front unrounded vowel, Open vowel, Palatal consonant, Palatalization (phonetics), Paulatuk, Place of articulation, Polypersonal agreement, Polysynthetic language, Postbase, Pribilof Islands, Proto-Eskimo language, Proto-Eskimo–Aleut language, Rasmus Rask, Root (linguistics), Sachs Harbour, Seward Peninsula, Siberia, Siglitun, Sirenik Eskimo language, St. Lawrence Island, Stefan Georg, Stop consonant, Suffix, Thule people, Transitivity (grammar), Trigraph (orthography), Trill consonant, Tsimshianic languages, Tuktoyaktuk, Tungusic languages, Tunu, Tunumiit dialect, Ulukhaktok, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Uralo-Siberian languages, Urheimat, Uummarmiutun, Uvular consonant, Velar consonant, Velar nasal, Vladislav Illich-Svitych, Voice (phonetics), Voiced bilabial stop, Voiced dental fricative, Voiced labio-velar approximant, Voiced labiodental fricative, Voiced uvular fricative, Voiced velar fricative, Voiced velar stop, Voiceless alveolar affricate, Voiceless alveolar nasal, Voiceless bilabial nasal, Voiceless bilabial stop, Voiceless dental and alveolar lateral fricatives, Voiceless dental fricative, Voiceless glottal fricative, Voiceless labialized velar approximant, Voiceless labiodental fricative, Voiceless postalveolar affricate, Voiceless uvular fricative, Voiceless uvular stop, Voiceless velar fricative, Voiceless velar nasal, Voiceless velar stop, Wakashan languages, Yeniseian languages, Yes–no question, Yup'ik language, Yupik languages. Expand index (114 more) » « Shrink index
An affricate is a consonant that begins as a stop and releases as a fricative, generally with the same place of articulation (most often coronal).
An agglutinative language is a type of synthetic language with morphology that primarily uses agglutination.
Ahistoricism refers to a lack of concern for history, historical development, or tradition.
Aivilik, also known as Aivilingmiutut, Aivilimmiutut, Aivillirmiut, and Kangiqłniq, is a Canadian dialect of the Inuit language spoken along the northwestern shores of Hudson Bay in Nunavut.
Aklavik (Inuvialuktun: Akłarvik) (from the Inuvialuktun meaning barrenground grizzly place) is a hamlet located in the Inuvik Region of the Northwest Territories, Canada.
Alaska (Alax̂sxax̂) is a U.S. state located in the northwest extremity of North America.
The, established in 1972 in Fairbanks, Alaska, is a research center focusing on the research and documentation of the Native languages of Alaska.
Aleut (Unangam Tunuu) is the language spoken by the Aleut people (Unangax̂) living in the Aleutian Islands, Pribilof Islands, Commander Islands, and the Alaskan Peninsula (in Aleut Alaxsxa, the origin of the state name Alaska).
The Aleutian Islands (Tanam Unangaa, literally "Land of the Aleuts", possibly from Chukchi aliat, "island") are a chain of 14 large volcanic islands and 55 smaller ones belonging to both the U.S. state of Alaska and the Russian federal subject of Kamchatka Krai.
Alexander Vladimirovich Vovin (Александр Владимирович Вовин, born 1961 in Saint Petersburg, Russia) is a Russian-American linguist and philologist, currently directeur d'études at the School for Advanced Studies in the Social Sciences (École des hautes études en sciences sociales (EHESS)) in Paris, France.
The Alutiiq language (also called Sugpiak, Sugpiaq, Sugcestun,, Cambridge University Press, 1981 Suk, Supik, Pacific Gulf Yupik, Gulf Yupik, Koniag-Chugach) is a close relative to the Central Alaskan Yup'ik language spoken in the western and southwestern Alaska, but is considered a distinct language.
The alveolar approximant is a type of consonantal sound used in some spoken languages.
Alveolar consonants are articulated with the tongue against or close to the superior alveolar ridge, which is called that because it contains the alveoli (the sockets) of the superior teeth.
The Amur River (Even: Тамур, Tamur; река́ Аму́р) or Heilong Jiang ("Black Dragon River";, "Black Water") is the world's tenth longest river, forming the border between the Russian Far East and Northeastern China (Inner Manchuria).
Approximants are speech sounds that involve the articulators approaching each other but not narrowly enough nor with enough articulatory precision to create turbulent airflow.
In linguistics, balancing and deranking are terms used to describe the form of verbs used in various types of subordinate clauses and also sometimes in co-ordinate constructions.
The Bering Strait (Берингов пролив, Beringov proliv, Yupik: Imakpik) is a strait of the Pacific, which borders with the Arctic to north.
In phonetics, a bilabial consonant is a consonant articulated with both lips.
The bilabial nasal is a type of consonantal sound used in almost all spoken languages.
In morphology, a bound morpheme is a morpheme (the most basic unit of meaning) that can appear only as part of a larger word; a free morpheme or unbound morpheme is one that can stand alone or can appear with other morphemes in a lexeme.
Central Siberian Yupik, (also known as Siberian Yupik, Bering Strait Yupik, Yuit, Yoit, "St. Lawrence Island Yupik", and in Russia "Chaplinski Yupik" or Yuk) is an endangered Yupik language spoken by the indigenous Siberian Yupik people along the coast of the Chukchi Peninsula in the Russian Far East and in the villages of Savoonga and Gambell in St. Lawrence Island.
A central vowel is any in a class of vowel sound used in some spoken languages.
The Chaplino dialect (also known as Chaplinski dialect, Chaplinski Yupik, Eskimo Uŋaziq and Chaplinski language) is a dialect of the Central Siberian Yupik language spoken by the indigenous Eskimo people along the coast of the Chukchi Peninsula in the Russian Far East and in the villages of Novoye Chaplino ("New Chaplino"), Provideniya, Uelkal and Sireniki.
Chevak Cup’ik or just Cup’ik (and sometimes Cugtun) is a subdialect of Hooper Bay–Chevak dialect of Yup'ik spoken in southwestern Alaska in the Chevak (Cup'ik, Cev’aq) by Chevak Cup’ik Eskimos (own name Cup’it or Cev’allrarmuit).
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
Chugach, Chugach Sugpiaq or Chugachigmiut is the name of an Alaska Native people in the region of the Kenai Peninsula and Prince William Sound on the southern coast of Alaska.
The Chukchi Peninsula (or Chukotka Peninsula or Chukotski Peninsula) (Чуко́тский полуо́стров, Чуко́тка), at about 66° N 172° W, is the eastmost peninsula of Asia.
The Chukotko-Kamchatkan or Chukchi–Kamchatkan languages are a language family of extreme northeastern Siberia.
A clitic (from Greek κλιτικός klitikos, "inflexional") is a morpheme in morphology and syntax that has syntactic characteristics of a word, but depends phonologically on another word or phrase.
The close back rounded vowel, or high back rounded vowel, is a type of vowel sound used in many spoken languages.
The close central unrounded vowel, or high central unrounded vowel, is a type of vowel sound used in some languages.
The close front unrounded vowel, or high front unrounded vowel, is a type of vowel sound that occurs in most spoken languages, represented in the International Phonetic Alphabet by the symbol i. It is similar to the vowel sound in the English word meet—and often called long-e in American English.
A close vowel, also known as a high vowel (in American terminology), is any in a class of vowel sound used in many spoken languages.
In linguistics, cognates are words that have a common etymological origin.
Comparative linguistics (originally comparative philology) is a branch of historical linguistics that is concerned with comparing languages to establish their historical relatedness.
Coronal consonants are consonants articulated with the flexible front part of the tongue.
The alveolar tap or flap is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
A dental consonant is a consonant articulated with the tongue against the upper teeth, such as,,, and in some languages.
The alveolar lateral approximant is a type of consonantal sound used in some spoken languages.
A dependent clause is a clause that provides a sentence element with additional information, but which cannot stand alone as a sentence.
The term dialect (from Latin,, from the Ancient Greek word,, "discourse", from,, "through" and,, "I speak") is used in two distinct ways to refer to two different types of linguistic phenomena.
A dialect continuum or dialect chain is a spread of language varieties spoken across some geographical area such that neighbouring varieties differ only slightly, but the differences accumulate over distance so that widely separated varieties are not mutually intelligible.
A digraph or digram (from the δίς dís, "double" and γράφω gráphō, "to write") is a pair of characters used in the orthography of a language to write either a single phoneme (distinct sound), or a sequence of phonemes that does not correspond to the normal values of the two characters combined.
The Diomede Islands (острова́ Диоми́да, ostrová Diomída), also known in Russia as Gvozdev Islands (острова́ Гво́здева, ostrová Gvozdjeva), consist of two rocky, mesa-like islands.
In phonetics, ejective consonants are usually voiceless consonants that are pronounced with a glottalic egressive airstream.
Ergative–absolutive languages, or ergative languages are languages that share a certain distinctive pattern relating to the subjects (technically, arguments) of verbs.
Eskimology or Inuitology is a complex of humanities sciences studying languages, history, literature, folklore, culture, and ethnology of people speaking Eskimo–Aleut languages and Eskimo (Inuit–Yupik)–Aleut peoples in chronological and comparative context.
Eurasia is a combined continental landmass of Europe and Asia.
Eurasiatic is a proposed language macrofamily that would include many language families historically spoken in northern, western, and southern Eurasia.
Finnish (or suomen kieli) is a Finnic language spoken by the majority of the population in Finland and by ethnic Finns outside Finland.
Fricatives are consonants produced by forcing air through a narrow channel made by placing two articulators close together.
A front vowel is any in a class of vowel sound used in some spoken languages, its defining characteristic being that the highest point of the tongue is positioned relatively in front in the mouth without creating a constriction that would make it a consonant.
In linguistics, genetic relationship is the usual term for the relationship which exists between languages that are members of the same language family.
Glottal consonants are consonants using the glottis as their primary articulation.
The glottal stop is a type of consonantal sound used in many spoken languages, produced by obstructing airflow in the vocal tract or, more precisely, the glottis.
Case is a special grammatical category of a noun, pronoun, adjective, participle or numeral whose value reflects the grammatical function performed by that word in a phrase, clause or sentence.
In linguistics, grammatical mood (also mode) is a grammatical feature of verbs, used for signaling modality.
Grammatical person, in linguistics, is the grammatical distinction between deictic references to participant(s) in an event; typically the distinction is between the speaker (first person), the addressee (second person), and others (third person).
Greenland (Kalaallit Nunaat,; Grønland) is an autonomous constituent country within the Kingdom of Denmark between the Arctic and Atlantic Oceans, east of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago.
Greenlandic is an Eskimo–Aleut language spoken by about 56,000 Greenlandic Inuit in Greenland.
Harold Crane Fleming (December 23, 1926 – April 29, 2015) was an American anthropologist and historical linguist, specializing in the cultures and languages of the Horn of Africa.
Indigenous languages of the Americas are spoken by indigenous peoples from Alaska and Greenland to the southern tip of South America, encompassing the land masses that constitute the Americas.
Inuinnaqtun (natively meaning like the real human beings/peoples), is an indigenous Inuit language of Canada and a dialect of Inuvialuktun.
The Inuit languages are a closely related group of indigenous American languages traditionally spoken across the North American Arctic and to some extent in the subarctic in Labrador.
Inuktitut (syllabics ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ; from inuk, "person" + -titut, "like", "in the manner of"), also Eastern Canadian Inuktitut, is one of the principal Inuit languages of Canada.
Inuktun (Polar Eskimo, avanersuarmiutut, nordgrønlandsk, polareskimoisk, thulesproget) is the language of approximately 1,000 indigenous Inughuit, inhabiting the world's northernmost settlements in Qaanaaq and the surrounding villages in northwestern Greenland.
Inupiaq, Inupiat, Inupiatun or Alaskan Inuit, is a group of dialects of the Inuit languages, spoken by the Iñupiat people in northern and northwestern Alaska, and part of the Northwest Territories.
Inuttitut, or Inuttut is a Canadian dialect of Inuktitut.
The Inuvialuit Settlement Region (ISR), located in Canada’s western Arctic, was designated in 1984 in the Inuvialuit Final Agreement by the Government of Canada for the Inuvialuit people.
Inuvialuktun, also known as Western Canadian Inuit, Western Canadian Inuktitut, and Western Canadian Inuktun, comprises several Inuit language varieties spoken in the northern Northwest Territories and Nunavut by those Canadian Inuit who call themselves Inuvialuit.
Inuvik (place of man) is a town in the Northwest Territories of Canada and is the administrative centre for the Inuvik Region.
Joseph Harold Greenberg (May 28, 1915 – May 7, 2001) was an American linguist, known mainly for his work concerning linguistic typology and the genetic classification of languages.
Kalaallisut, or West Greenlandic, is the standard dialect of the Greenlandic language, spoken by the vast majority of the inhabitants of Greenland, as well as by thousands of Greenlandic Inuit in Denmark proper (in total, approximately 50,000 people).
Kangiryuarmiutun (sometimes Kangirjuarmiut(un)), is a dialect of Inuit language spoken in Ulukhaktok, Northwest Territories, Canada by the Kangiryuarmiut, a Copper Inuit people.
Kivalliq, also known as Kivallirmiutut, Caribou Eskimo, or formerly as Keewatin, is a Canadian dialect of the Inuit language spoken along the northwestern shores of Hudson Bay in Nunavut.
Knut Bergsland (7 March 1914 – 9 July 1998) was a Norwegian linguist.
Labial consonants are consonants in which one or both lips are the active articulator.
Lagopus is a small genus of birds in the grouse subfamily commonly known as ptarmigans.
A language family is a group of languages related through descent from a common ancestral language or parental language, called the proto-language of that family.
A lateral is an l-like consonant in which the airstream proceeds along the sides of the tongue, but it is blocked by the tongue from going through the middle of the mouth.
Michael David Fortescue (born 8 August 1946) is a British-born linguist specializing in Arctic and native North American languages, including Kalaallisut, Inuktun, Chukchi and Nitinaht.
A mid vowel (or a true-mid vowel) is any in a class of vowel sounds used in some spoken languages.
Morris Swadesh (January 22, 1909 – July 20, 1967) was an American linguist who specialized in comparative and historical linguistics.
Na-Dene (also Nadene, Na-Dené, Athabaskan–Eyak–Tlingit, Tlina–Dene) is a family of Native American languages that includes at least the Athabaskan languages, Eyak, and Tlingit languages.
In phonetics, a nasal, also called a nasal occlusive, nasal stop in contrast with a nasal fricative, or nasal continuant, is an occlusive consonant produced with a lowered velum, allowing air to escape freely through the nose.
Nattilik was a territorial electoral district (riding) for the Legislative Assembly of Nunavut, Canada.
Naukan Yupik language or Naukan Siberian Yupik language is a critically endangered Eskimo language spoken by ca.
Netsilik, Natsilik,Nattilik, Netsilingmiut, Natsilingmiutut, Nattilingmiutut, Nattiliŋmiutut is a dialect of Inuvialuktun (Western Canadian Inuit or Inuktitut) language once spoken in the Nattilik area of Nunavut, Canada by Netsilik Inuit people.
North America is a continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and almost all within the Western Hemisphere; it is also considered by some to be a northern subcontinent of the Americas.
The North Baffin dialect (Qikiqtaaluk uannangani or Iglulingmiut) of Canadian Inuit is spoken on the northern part of Baffin Island, at Igloolik and the adjacent part of the Melville Peninsula, and in other Inuit communities in the far north of Nunavut, like Resolute, Grise Fiord, Pond Inlet, Clyde River, and Arctic Bay.
Northern Canada, colloquially the North, is the vast northernmost region of Canada variously defined by geography and politics.
Nunatsiavut is an autonomous area claimed by the Inuit in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada.
Nunavik (ᓄᓇᕕᒃ) comprises the northern third of the province of Quebec, Canada in Kativik, part of the Nord-du-Québec region.
Nunavut (Inuktitut syllabics ᓄᓇᕗᑦ) is the newest, largest, and northernmost territory of Canada.
Nunivak Cup'ig or just Cup'ig (own name Cugtun) is a language or separate dialect of Central Alaskan Yup'ik spoken in Central Alaska at the Nunivak Island by Nunivak Cup'ig people (own name Cup'it or Nuniwarmiut).
The open front unrounded vowel, or low front unrounded vowel, is a type of vowel sound, used in some spoken languages. It is one of the eight primary cardinal vowels, not directly intended to correspond to a vowel sound of a specific language but rather to serve as a fundamental reference point in a phonetic measuring system. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) that represents this sound is, and in the IPA vowel chart it is positioned at the lower-left corner. However, the accuracy of the quadrilateral vowel chart is disputed, and the sound has been analyzed acoustically as an extra-open/low unrounded vowel at a position where the front/back distinction has lost its significance. There are also differing interpretations of the exact quality of the vowel: the classic sound recording of by Daniel Jones is slightly more front but not quite as open as that by John Wells. In practice, it is considered normal by many phoneticians to use the symbol for an open ''central'' unrounded vowel and instead approximate the open front unrounded vowel with (which officially signifies a ''near-open'' front unrounded vowel). This is the usual practice, for example, in the historical study of the English language. The loss of separate symbols for open and near-open front vowels is usually considered unproblematic, because the perceptual difference between the two is quite small, and very few languages contrast the two. If one needs to specify that the vowel is front, one can use symbols like (advanced/fronted), or (lowered), with the latter being more common. The Hamont dialect of Limburgish has been reported to contrast long open front, central and back unrounded vowels, which is extremely unusual.
An open vowel is a vowel sound in which the tongue is positioned as far as possible from the roof of the mouth.
Palatal consonants are consonants articulated with the body of the tongue raised against the hard palate (the middle part of the roof of the mouth).
In phonetics, palatalization (also) or palatization refers to a way of pronouncing a consonant in which part of the tongue is moved close to the hard palate.
Paulatuk is a hamlet located in the Inuvik Region of the Northwest Territories, Canada.
In articulatory phonetics, the place of articulation (also point of articulation) of a consonant is the point of contact where an obstruction occurs in the vocal tract between an articulatory gesture, an active articulator (typically some part of the tongue), and a passive location (typically some part of the roof of the mouth).
In linguistics, polypersonal agreement or polypersonalism is the agreement of a verb with more than one of its arguments (usually up to four).
In linguistic typology, polysynthetic languages are highly synthetic languages, i.e. languages in which words are composed of many morphemes (word parts that have independent meaning but may or may not be able to stand alone).
In linguistics a postbase is a special kind of grammatical suffixing morpheme that is suffixed to a base.
The Pribilof Islands (formerly the Northern Fur Seal Islands) are a group of four volcanic islands off the coast of mainland Alaska, in the Bering Sea, about north of Unalaska and 200 miles (320 km) southwest of Cape Newenham.
Proto-Eskimo was the ancestor of the Eskimo languages.
Proto-Eskimo–Aleut was the common ancestor of the Eskimo languages and Aleut.
Rasmus Kristian Rask (born Rasmus Christian Nielsen Rasch; 22 November 1787 – 14 November 1832) was a Danish linguist and philologist.
A root (or root word) is a word that does not have a prefix in front of the word or a suffix at the end of the word.
Sachs Harbour is a hamlet located in the Inuvik Region of the Northwest Territories, Canada.
The Seward Peninsula is a large peninsula on the western coast of the U.S. state of Alaska.
Siberia (a) is an extensive geographical region, and by the broadest definition is also known as North Asia.
Siglitun, is the dialect of Inuvialuktun spoken by the Siglit Inuit.
Sirenik Yupik, Sireniki Yupik (also Old Sirenik or Vuteen), Sirenik, or Sirenikskiy is an extinct Eskimo–Aleut language.
Stefan Georg (Ralf-Stefan Georg, born November 7, 1962 in Bottrop) is a German linguist.
In phonetics, a stop, also known as a plosive or oral occlusive, is a consonant in which the vocal tract is blocked so that all airflow ceases.
In linguistics, a suffix (sometimes termed postfix) is an affix which is placed after the stem of a word.
The Thule or proto-Inuit were the ancestors of all modern Inuit.
In linguistics, transitivity is a property of verbs that relates to whether a verb can take direct objects and how many such objects a verb can take.
A trigraph (from the τρεῖς, treîs, "three" and γράφω, gráphō, "write") is a group of three characters used to represent a single sound or a combination of sounds that does not correspond to the written letters combined.
In phonetics, a trill is a consonantal sound produced by vibrations between the active articulator and passive articulator.
The Tsimshianic languages are a family of languages spoken in northwestern British Columbia and in Southeast Alaska on Annette Island and Ketchikan.
Tuktoyaktuk, or Tuktuyaaqtuuq (Inuvialuktun: it looks like a caribou), is an Inuvialuit hamlet located in the Inuvik Region of the Northwest Territories, Canada, at the northern terminus of the Inuvik-Tuktoyaktuk Highway.
The Tungusic languages (also known as Manchu-Tungus, Tungus) form a language family spoken in Eastern Siberia and northeast China by Tungusic peoples.
Tunu, originally Østgrønland ("East Greenland"), was one of the three counties (amter) of Greenland until 31 December 2008.
Tunumiit oraasiat or East Greenlandic (Kalaallisut: tunumiusut, East Greenlandic: tunumiisut) is a variety of Greenlandic spoken in eastern Greenland by the Tunumiit.
Ulukhaktok (Kangiryuarmiutun (Inuit language) spelling Ulukhaqtuuq and known until 1 April 2006 as Holman or Holman Island) is a small hamlet on the west coast of Victoria Island, in the Inuvik Region of the Northwest Territories, Canada.
The University of Alaska Fairbanks (also referred to as UAF or Alaska) is a public research university in Fairbanks, Alaska, United States.
Uralo-Siberian is a hypothetical language family consisting of Uralic, Yukaghir, Chukotko-Kamchatkan and Eskimo–Aleut.
In historical linguistics, the term homeland (also Urheimat;; from a German compound of ur- "original" and Heimat "home, homeland") denotes the area of origin of the speakers of a proto-language, the (reconstructed or known) parent language of a group of languages assumed to be genetically related.
Uummarmiutun or Canadian Iñupiaq is the variant of Iñupiatun (or Inuvialuktun) spoken by the Uummarmiut, part of the Inuvialuit, who live mainly in the communities of Inuvik and Aklavik in the Northwest Territories of Canada.
Uvulars are consonants articulated with the back of the tongue against or near the uvula, that is, further back in the mouth than velar consonants.
Velars are consonants articulated with the back part of the tongue (the dorsum) against the soft palate, the back part of the roof of the mouth (known also as the velum).
The velar nasal, also known as agma, from the Greek word for fragment, is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
Vladislav Markovich Illich-Svitych (Владисла́в Ма́ркович И́ллич-Сви́тыч, also transliterated as Illič-Svityč; September 12, 1934 – August 22, 1966) was a linguist and accentologist, also a founding father of comparative Nostratic linguistics.
Voice is a term used in phonetics and phonology to characterize speech sounds (usually consonants).
The voiced bilabial stop is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The voiced dental fricative is a consonant sound used in some spoken languages.
The voiced labio-velar approximant is a type of consonantal sound, used in certain spoken languages, including English.
The voiced labiodental fricative is a type of consonantal sound used in some spoken languages.
The voiced uvular fricative or approximant is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The voiced velar fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in various spoken languages.
The voiced velar stop is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
A voiceless alveolar affricate is a type of affricate consonant pronounced with the tip or blade of the tongue against the alveolar ridge (gum line) just behind the teeth.
The voiceless alveolar nasal is a type of consonant in some languages.
The voiceless bilabial nasal is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The voiceless bilabial stop is a type of consonantal sound used in many spoken languages.
The voiceless alveolar lateral fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The voiceless dental non-sibilant fricative is a type of consonantal sound used in some spoken languages.
The voiceless glottal fricative, sometimes called voiceless glottal transition, and sometimes called the aspirate, is a type of sound used in some spoken languages that patterns like a fricative or approximant consonant phonologically, but often lacks the usual phonetic characteristics of a consonant.
The voiceless labialized velar (labiovelar) approximant (traditionally called a voiceless labiovelar fricative) is a type of consonantal sound, used in spoken languages.
The voiceless labiodental fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in a number of spoken languages.
The voiceless palato-alveolar sibilant affricate or voiceless domed postalveolar sibilant affricate is a type of consonantal sound used in some spoken languages.
The voiceless uvular fricative is a type of consonantal sound used in some spoken languages.
The voiceless uvular stop or voiceless uvular plosive is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The voiceless velar fricative is a type of consonantal sound used in some spoken languages.
The voiceless velar nasal is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The voiceless velar stop or voiceless velar plosive is a type of consonantal sound used in many spoken languages.
Wakashan is a family of languages spoken in British Columbia around and on Vancouver Island, and in the northwestern corner of the Olympic Peninsula of Washington state, on the south side of the Strait of Juan de Fuca.
The Yeniseian languages (sometimes known as Yeniseic or Yenisei-Ostyak;"Ostyak" is a concept of areal rather than genetic linguistics. In addition to the Yeniseian languages it also includes the Uralic languages Khanty and Selkup. occasionally spelled with -ss-) are a family of languages that were spoken in the Yenisei River region of central Siberia.
In linguistics, a yes–no question, formally known as a polar question or a general question, is a question whose expected answer is either "yes" or "no".
Central Alaskan Yup'ik or just Yup'ik (also called Yupik, Central Yupik, or indigenously Yugtun) is one of the languages of the Yupik family, in turn a member of the Eskimo–Aleut language group, spoken in western and southwestern Alaska.
The Yupik languages are the several distinct languages of the several Yupik peoples of western and south-central Alaska and northeastern Siberia.
Aleut-Eskimo, Aleut-Eskimo languages, Eskaleut, Eskaleut languages, Eskimauan Family, Eskimauan family, Eskimauan language family, Eskimauan languages, Eskimo Aleut, Eskimo language, Eskimo languages, Eskimo-Aleut, Eskimo-Aleut language, Eskimo-Aleut language family, Eskimo-Aleut languages, Eskimo-Aleut peoples, Eskimo-Aleutian, Eskimoan, Eskimoan languages, Eskimo–Aleut, Eskimo–Aleut language, ISO 639:esx, Inuit-Aleut, Inuit-Aleut languages, Inuit-Inupiaq language, Inuit-Yupik languages, Inuit-Yupik-Unangan, Inuit–Aleut languages, Inuit–Yupik, Inuit–Yupik languages, Inuit–Yupik-Unangan.