116 relations: Abecedarium, Acronym, Akademio de Esperanto, Alphabet song, American Sign Language, Ampersand, ASCII, Ĉ, Ĝ, Ĥ, Ĵ, Ŝ, Ŭ, Backslash, Belarusian language, Belarusian Latin alphabet, Bitstream Vera, Braille, Breve, Brighton, Camel case, Capitalization, Caret, Caron, Chinese Sign Language, Circumflex, Colon (punctuation), Combining character, Comma, Complementary distribution, Compose key, Computer keyboard, Core fonts for the Web, Currency, Cyrillic script, Dead key, Decimal separator, DejaVu fonts, Diacritic, Digraph (orthography), Dvorak Simplified Keyboard, EditPlus, Esperanto orthography, Exclamation mark, Fingerspelling, French Sign Language, Fricative consonant, Full stop, Fundamento de Esperanto, Gaston Waringhien, ..., German Sign Language, Germanic languages, Glyph, GNOME, GNOME Panel, Grapheme, Great Vowel Shift, Guatemala, Guillemet, Hyphen, Inequality (mathematics), International Phonetic Alphabet, Inverted question and exclamation marks, Irish Sign Language, ISO 15924, ISO basic Latin alphabet, ISO/IEC 8859-3, Kálmán Kalocsay, KDE, Keyboard layout, L. L. Zamenhof, Latin-script alphabet, Letter case, List of mathematical symbols, Locale (computer software), Logogram, MacOS, MediaWiki, Mexico City, Minimal pair, Monogram, Morse code, Numerical digit, Obstruent, Orthography, Palatalization (phonetics), Phonation, Phonotactics, Polish Sign Language, Proto-Esperanto, Punctuation, Question mark, Quotation mark, QWERTY, Roman numerals, Russian orthography, Russian Sign Language, Semicolon, Sennacieca Asocio Tutmonda, Shavian alphabet, Sonorant, Spelling alphabet, Spesmilo, Stop consonant, Subscript and superscript, Surname, Thin space, Unicode, UTF-8, Voicelessness, Washington, D.C., Wikipedia, Windows Glyph List 4, Windows NT, World Esperanto Youth Organization, X Window System. Expand index (66 more) » « Shrink index
An abecedarium (or abecedary) is an inscription consisting of the letters of an alphabet, almost always listed in order.
An acronym is a word or name formed as an abbreviation from the initial components in a phrase or a word, usually individual letters (as in NATO or laser) and sometimes syllables (as in Benelux).
The Akademio de Esperanto (AdE; English: Academy of Esperanto) is an independent body of language scholars who steward the evolution of the language Esperanto by keeping it consistent with Fundamento de Esperanto in accordance with the Declaration of Boulogne.
An alphabet song is any of various songs used to teach children the alphabet.
American Sign Language (ASL) is a natural language that serves as the predominant sign language of Deaf communities in the United States and most of Anglophone Canada.
The ampersand is the logogram &, representing the conjunction "and".
ASCII, abbreviated from American Standard Code for Information Interchange, is a character encoding standard for electronic communication.
Ĉ or ĉ (C circumflex) is a consonant in Esperanto orthography, representing the sound.
Ĝ or ĝ (G circumflex) is a consonant in Esperanto orthography, representing a voiced postalveolar affricate (either palato-alveolar or retroflex), and is equivalent to a voiced postalveolar affricate or a voiced retroflex affricate.
Ĥ or ĥ is a consonant in Esperanto orthography, representing a voiceless velar fricative or voiceless uvular fricative.
Ĵ or ĵ (J circumflex) is a letter in Esperanto orthography representing the sound.
Ŝ or ŝ (S circumflex) is a consonant in Esperanto orthography, representing the sound.
Ŭ or ŭ is a letter in the Esperanto alphabet, based on u. It is also used in the Belarusian language, when written in the 20th-century form of the Belarusian Latin alphabet.
The backslash (\) is a typographical mark (glyph) used mainly in computing and is the mirror image of the common slash (/).
Belarusian (беларуская мова) is an official language of Belarus, along with Russian, and is spoken abroad, mainly in Ukraine and Russia.
The Belarusian Latin alphabet or Łacinka (from Лацінка (BGN/PCGN: latsinka) for the Latin script in general) is the common name of the several historical alphabets to render the Belarusian (Cyrillic) text in the Latin script.
Vera is a group typeface (font) with a liberal license.
Braille is a tactile writing system used by people who are visually impaired.
A breve (less often;; neuter form of the Latin brevis “short, brief”) is the diacritic mark ˘, shaped like the bottom half of a circle.
Brighton is a seaside resort on the south coast of England which is part of the city of Brighton and Hove, East Sussex, 47 miles (75 km) south of London.
Camel case (stylized as camelCase or CamelCase; also known as camel caps or more formally as medial capitals) is the practice of writing compound words or phrases such that each word or abbreviation in the middle of the phrase begins with a capital letter, with no intervening spaces or punctuation.
Capitalisation, or capitalization,see spelling differences is writing a word with its first letter as a capital letter (upper-case letter) and the remaining letters in lower case in writing systems with a case distinction.
The caret is an inverted V-shaped grapheme.
A caron, háček or haček (or; plural háčeks or háčky) also known as a hachek, wedge, check, inverted circumflex, inverted hat, is a diacritic (ˇ) commonly placed over certain letters in the orthography of some Baltic, Slavic, Finnic, Samic, Berber, and other languages to indicate a change in the related letter's pronunciation (c > č; >). The use of the haček differs according to the orthographic rules of a language.
Modern Chinese Sign Language (or CSL or ZGS) is the deaf sign language of the People's Republic of China.
The circumflex is a diacritic in the Latin, Greek and Cyrillic scripts that is used in the written forms of many languages and in various romanization and transcription schemes.
The colon is a punctuation mark consisting of two equally sized dots centered on the same vertical line.
In digital typography, combining characters are characters that are intended to modify other characters.
The comma is a punctuation mark that appears in several variants in different languages.
In linguistics, complementary distribution, as distinct from contrastive distribution and free variation, is the relationship between two different elements of the same kind in which one element is found in one set of environments and the other element is found in a non-intersecting (complementary) set of environments.
A compose key (sometimes called multi key) is a key on a computer keyboard that indicates that the following (usually 2 or more) keystrokes trigger the insertion of an alternate character, typically a precomposed character or a symbol.
In computing, a computer keyboard is a typewriter-style device which uses an arrangement of buttons or keys to act as mechanical levers or electronic switches.
Core fonts for the Web was a project started by Microsoft in 1996 to create a standard pack of fonts for the Internet.
A currency (from curraunt, "in circulation", from currens, -entis), in the most specific use of the word, refers to money in any form when in actual use or circulation as a medium of exchange, especially circulating banknotes and coins.
The Cyrillic script is a writing system used for various alphabets across Eurasia (particularity in Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, Central Asia, and North Asia).
A dead key is a special kind of a modifier key on a mechanical typewriter, or computer keyboard, that is typically used to attach a specific diacritic to a base letter.
A decimal separator is a symbol used to separate the integer part from the fractional part of a number written in decimal form.
The DejaVu fonts are modifications of the Bitstream Vera fonts designed for greater coverage of Unicode, as well as providing more styles.
A diacritic – also diacritical mark, diacritical point, diacritical sign, or an accent – is a glyph added to a letter, or basic glyph.
A digraph or digram (from the δίς dís, "double" and γράφω gráphō, "to write") is a pair of characters used in the orthography of a language to write either a single phoneme (distinct sound), or a sequence of phonemes that does not correspond to the normal values of the two characters combined.
The Dvorak Simplified Keyboard is a keyboard layout patented during 1936 by Dr.
EditPlus is a text editor for the Microsoft Windows operating system, developed by Sangil Kim of ES-Computing.
Esperanto is written in a Latin-script alphabet of twenty-eight letters, with upper and lower case.
The exclamation mark (British English) or exclamation point (some dialects of American English) is a punctuation mark usually used after an interjection or exclamation to indicate strong feelings or high volume (shouting), or show emphasis, and often marks the end of a sentence.
Fingerspelling (or dactylology) is the representation of the letters of a writing system, and sometimes numeral systems, using only the hands.
French Sign Language (langue des signes française, LSF) is the sign language of the deaf in France and French-speaking parts of Switzerland.
Fricatives are consonants produced by forcing air through a narrow channel made by placing two articulators close together.
The full point or full stop (British and broader Commonwealth English) or period (North American English) is a punctuation mark.
Fundamento de Esperanto (English: Foundation of Esperanto) is a 1905 book by L. L. Zamenhof, in which the author explains the basic grammar rules and vocabulary that constitute the basis of the constructed language Esperanto.
Gaston Waringhien (July 20, 1901 – December 20, 1991) was a French linguist, lexicographer, and Esperantist.
German Sign Language or Deutsche Gebärdensprache is the sign language of the deaf community in Germany and in the German-speaking community of Belgium.
The Germanic languages are a branch of the Indo-European language family spoken natively by a population of about 515 million people mainly in Europe, North America, Oceania, and Southern Africa.
In typography, a glyph is an elemental symbol within an agreed set of symbols, intended to represent a readable character for the purposes of writing.
GNOME is a desktop environment composed of free and open-source software that runs on Linux and most BSD derivatives.
GNOME Panel is a highly configurable launcher and taskbar for GNOME.
In linguistics, a grapheme is the smallest unit of a writing system of any given language.
The Great Vowel Shift was a major series of changes in the pronunciation of the English language that took place, beginning in southern England, primarily between 1350 and the 1600s and 1700s, today influencing effectively all dialects of English.
Guatemala, officially the Republic of Guatemala (República de Guatemala), is a country in Central America bordered by Mexico to the north and west, the Pacific Ocean to the southwest, Belize to the northeast, the Caribbean to the east, Honduras to the east and El Salvador to the southeast.
Guillemets, or angle quotes, are a pair of punctuation marks in the form of sideways double chevrons (« and »), used instead of quotation marks in a number of languages.
The hyphen (‐) is a punctuation mark used to join words and to separate syllables of a single word.
In mathematics, an inequality is a relation that holds between two values when they are different (see also: equality).
The International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) is an alphabetic system of phonetic notation based primarily on the Latin alphabet.
Inverted question marks (¿) and exclamation marks (Commonwealth English) or exclamation points (American English) (¡) are punctuation marks used to begin interrogative and exclamatory sentences (or clauses), respectively, in written Spanish and sometimes also in languages which have cultural ties with Spanish, such as in older standards of Galician (now it is optional and not recommended) and the Waray language.
Irish Sign Language (ISL, Teanga Chomharthaíochta na hÉireann) is the sign language of Ireland, used primarily in the Republic of Ireland.
ISO 15924, Codes for the representation of names of scripts, defines two sets of codes for a number of writing systems (scripts).
The ISO basic Latin alphabet is a Latin-script alphabet and consists of two sets of 26 letters, codified in various national and international standards and used widely in international communication.
ISO/IEC 8859-3:1999, Information technology — 8-bit single-byte coded graphic character sets — Part 3: Latin alphabet No.
Kálmán Kalocsay (6 October 1891 in Abaújszántó – 27 February 1976) was a Hungarian Esperantist poet, translator and editor who considerably influenced Esperanto culture, both in its literature and in the language itself, through his original poetry and his translations of literary works from his native Hungarian and other languages of Europe.
KDE is an international free software community that develops Free and Open Source based software.
A keyboard layout is any specific mechanical, visual, or functional arrangement of the keys, legends, or key-meaning associations (respectively) of a computer, typewriter, or other typographic keyboard.
Ludwik Lejzer Zamenhof (Ludwik Łazarz Zamenhof; –), credited as L. L. Zamenhof and sometimes as the pseudonymous Dr.
A Latin-script alphabet (Latin alphabet or Roman alphabet) is an alphabet that uses letters of the Latin script.
Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger upper case (also uppercase, capital letters, capitals, caps, large letters, or more formally majuscule) and smaller lower case (also lowercase, small letters, or more formally minuscule) in the written representation of certain languages.
This is a list of symbols used in all branches of mathematics to express a formula or to represent a constant.
In computing, a locale is a set of parameters that defines the user's language, region and any special variant preferences that the user wants to see in their user interface.
In written language, a logogram or logograph is a written character that represents a word or phrase.
macOS (previously and later) is a series of graphical operating systems developed and marketed by Apple Inc. since 2001.
MediaWiki is a free and open-source wiki software.
Mexico City, or the City of Mexico (Ciudad de México,; abbreviated as CDMX), is the capital of Mexico and the most populous city in North America.
In phonology, minimal pairs are pairs of words or phrases in a particular language that differ in only one phonological element, such as a phoneme, toneme or chroneme, and have distinct meanings.
A monogram is a motif made by overlapping or combining two or more letters or other graphemes to form one symbol.
Morse code is a method of transmitting text information as a series of on-off tones, lights, or clicks that can be directly understood by a skilled listener or observer without special equipment.
A numerical digit is a single symbol (such as "2" or "5") used alone, or in combinations (such as "25"), to represent numbers (such as the number 25) according to some positional numeral systems.
An obstruent is a speech sound such as,, or that is formed by obstructing airflow.
An orthography is a set of conventions for writing a language.
In phonetics, palatalization (also) or palatization refers to a way of pronouncing a consonant in which part of the tongue is moved close to the hard palate.
The term phonation has slightly different meanings depending on the subfield of phonetics.
Phonotactics (from Ancient Greek phōnḗ "voice, sound" and tacticós "having to do with arranging") is a branch of phonology that deals with restrictions in a language on the permissible combinations of phonemes.
Polish Sign Language ("Polski Język Migowy", PJM) is the language of the Deaf community in Poland.
Proto-Esperanto (Pra-Esperanto) is the modern term for any of the stages in the evolution of L. L. Zamenhof's language project, prior to the publication of Unua Libro in 1887.
Punctuation (formerly sometimes called pointing) is the use of spacing, conventional signs, and certain typographical devices as aids to the understanding and correct reading of handwritten and printed text, whether read silently or aloud.
The question mark (also known as interrogation point, query, or eroteme in journalism) is a punctuation mark that indicates an interrogative clause or phrase in many languages.
Quotation marks, also called quotes, quote marks, quotemarks, speech marks, inverted commas or talking marks, are punctuation marks used in pairs in various writing systems to set off direct speech, a quotation, or a phrase.
QWERTY is a keyboard design for Latin-script alphabets.
The numeric system represented by Roman numerals originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages.
Russian orthography (p) is formally considered to encompass spelling (p) and punctuation (p).
Russian Sign Language is the sign language of the Deaf community in Russia.
The semicolon or semi colon is a punctuation mark that separates major sentence elements.
Sennacieca Asocio Tutmonda (SAT; World Anational Association) is an independent worldwide cultural Esperanto association of a general left-wing orientation.
The Shavian alphabet (also known as the Shaw alphabet) is an alphabet conceived as a way to provide simple, phonetic orthography for the English language to replace the difficulties of conventional spelling.
In phonetics and phonology, a sonorant or resonant is a speech sound that is produced with continuous, non-turbulent airflow in the vocal tract; these are the manners of articulation that are most often voiced in the world's languages.
A spelling alphabet, word-spelling alphabet, voice procedure alphabet, radio alphabet, or telephone alphabet is a set of words used to stand for the letters of an alphabet in oral communication.
The spesmilo (pronounced, plural spesmiloj) is an obsolete decimal international currency, proposed in 1907 by René de Saussure and used before the First World War by a few British and Swiss banks, primarily the Ĉekbanko Esperantista.
In phonetics, a stop, also known as a plosive or oral occlusive, is a consonant in which the vocal tract is blocked so that all airflow ceases.
A subscript or superscript is a character (number, letter or symbol) that is (respectively) set slightly below or above the normal line of type.
A surname, family name, or last name is the portion of a personal name that indicates a person's family (or tribe or community, depending on the culture).
In typography, a thin space is a space character that is usually or of an em in width.
Unicode is a computing industry standard for the consistent encoding, representation, and handling of text expressed in most of the world's writing systems.
UTF-8 is a variable width character encoding capable of encoding all 1,112,064 valid code points in Unicode using one to four 8-bit bytes.
In linguistics, voicelessness is the property of sounds being pronounced without the larynx vibrating.
Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington or D.C., is the capital of the United States of America.
Wikipedia is a multilingual, web-based, free encyclopedia that is based on a model of openly editable content.
Windows Glyph List 4, or more commonly WGL4 for short, also known as the Pan-European character set, is a character repertoire on recent Microsoft operating systems comprising 656 Unicode characters.
Windows NT is a family of operating systems produced by Microsoft, the first version of which was released in July 1993.
The World Esperanto Youth Organization (Tutmonda Esperantista Junulara Organizo, TEJO) is an organization dedicated to supporting young Esperanto speakers around the world and promote the use of Esperanto.
The X Window System (X11, or shortened to simply X) is a windowing system for bitmap displays, common on UNIX-like computer operating systems.