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Index Espionage

Espionage or spying, is the act of obtaining secret or confidential information without the permission of the holder of the information. [1]

280 relations: Aceh War, Agent handling, Agent provocateur, Airman, Akashi Motojiro, Albert E. Kahn, Aldrich Ames, Allan Pinkerton, American Civil War, American Revolution, American Revolutionary War, Azerbaijan, Bank Secrecy Act, Belle Boyd, Belligerent, Benjamin Cowburn, Benjamin Tallmadge, Black's Law Dictionary, Blind Man's Bluff: The Untold Story of American Submarine Espionage, Brill Publishers, Broadmoor Hospital, Canada, Capital punishment, Carl Hans Lody, Central Asia, Central Intelligence Agency, Charles Coughlin, Chinese espionage in the United States, Christiaan Snouck Hurgronje, Christopher Andrew (historian), Christopher Drew (journalist), Clandestine cell system, Clandestine human intelligence, Clandestine HUMINT operational techniques, Clandestine operation, Classified information, Code of law, Cold War espionage, Company, Concealment device, Confederate Secret Service, Confidentiality, Confusion agent, Consent, Constance Babington Smith, Corporation, Counterintelligence, Courier, Covert agent, Covert listening device, ..., Covert operation, Crime, Cryptanalysis, Cut-out (espionage), Cyber spying, David Kahn (writer), David Murphy (CIA), David W. Doyle, Dead drop, Deception, Deep Cover, Defection, Diplomatic immunity, Diplomatic protection, Director of National Intelligence, Directorate of Operations (CIA), Disguise, Disinformation, Double agent, Dumpster diving, East London Cemetery, Eastern Bloc, Edward Snowden, Egypt, Electric chair, Elizabeth I of England, Elsbeth Schragmüller, Encyclopedia of the Central Intelligence Agency, Enemy, Espionage, Espionage Act of 1917, Eugene V. Debs, Existentialism, F. W. Winterbotham, Fabricator (intelligence), False flag, Federal Bureau of Investigation, Film, First Chief Directorate, Flying monkeys (psychology), Francis Walsingham, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Frederick Russell Burnham, Fritz Joubert Duquesne, Garage (residential), Gentleman, George Smiley, German military administration in occupied France during World War II, Germany, Get Smart, Government, Gramm–Leach–Bliley Act, Greenwood Publishing Group, Hague Conventions of 1899 and 1907, Harriet Tubman, Harry Hinsley, Harry Palmer, Harry S. Truman, Harvey Klehr, Heinz Höhne, Helias Doundoulakis, Hercules Mulligan, Hideo Kojima, Howard Burnham, Hugh Francis Redmond, Human intelligence (intelligence gathering), Human interest story, Human Rights Law Network, Identity document forgery, Illegal drug trade, Imagery intelligence, Industrial espionage, Information sensitivity, Intelligence assessment, International Committee of the Red Cross, International Intelligence Limited, International law, Interrogation, Ishmael Jones, James Armistead Lafayette, James Bond, James Fenimore Cooper, James Hall III, James Srodes, John André, John Anthony Walker, John Cecil Masterman, John Earl Haynes, John Kiriakou, John Thurloe, Johnny Fedora, Jonathan Pollard, Josef Jakobs, Joseph E. Persico, Jules C. Silber, Julius and Ethel Rosenberg, Karl Schulmeister, Kashmir conflict, KGB, Kim (novel), Kim Philby, Labor spying in the United States, Life imprisonment, List of cryptographers, List of intelligence agencies, List of intelligence gathering disciplines, Literature, Main Intelligence Directorate, Maria de Victorica, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, Mata Hari, Metal Gear Solid, MI5, Michael Caine, Michael Ross (Mossad officer), Military, Military animal, Military capability, Military intelligence, Military justice, Mitrokhin Archive, Moe Berg, Mole (espionage), Money laundering, Muslim Brotherhood, Napoleonic Wars, Nathan Hale, National Intelligence Organization (Turkey), National Security Agency, Natural resource, Ninja, Non-official cover, Numbers station, Offender profiling, Office of Public Sector Information, Officer (armed forces), Official cover, One-way voice link, Open-source intelligence, Operation Pastorius, Operation Snow White, Operations (military staff), Opposing force, Oslo Report, Patrick Leigh Fermor, Patriot Act, Peddler, Pen and Sword Books, People's Union for Civil Liberties, Persona non grata, Plaistow, Newham, Portfolio (finance), Princeton University Press, Prisoner of war, Private investigator, Propaganda, Prosecutor, Public opinion, Punishment, Ray Mawby, Reconnaissance, Recruitment of spies, Reginald Victor Jones, Richard Helms, Richard M. Bissell Jr., Robert Gates, Robert Hanssen, Robert Lee Johnson (spy), Roberta Wohlstetter, Rudyard Kipling, Rupert Allason, Russia, Russian Intelligence Community, Russo-Japanese War, Sabotage, Safe house, Samir Sharifov, Sarbanes–Oxley Act, SCG International Risk, Second Boer War, Secrecy, Secret Intelligence Service, Security clearance, September 11 attacks, Side-channel attack, Sidney Reilly, Signals intelligence, Simon Kitson, Sleeper agent, Sovereign state, Soviet espionage in the United States, Soviet Union, Special Operations Executive, Spies Like Us, Spymaster, Staging area, Statelessness, Steganography, Stephen Dorril, Stephen E. Ambrose, Stephen Jin-Woo Kim, Surveillance, Surveillance aircraft, T. E. Lawrence, Terrorism, The Baroness (novels), The Great Game, Thomas A. Drake, Thomas Knowlton, Tower of London, Tradecraft, Treason, Turkey, Uniform Code of Military Justice, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, United States, United States Intelligence Community, United States Penitentiary, Allenwood, Valerie Plame, Vasili Mitrokhin, Victorian era, Video game, Virginia Hall, Washington, D.C., Wesley Wark, Whistleblower, Wikisource, William Wickham (1761–1840), World War I, World War II. Expand index (230 more) »

Aceh War

The Aceh War, also known as the Dutch War or the Infidel War (1873–1904), was an armed military conflict between the Sultanate of Aceh and the Kingdom of the Netherlands which was triggered by discussions between representatives of Aceh and the United States in Singapore during early 1873.

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Agent handling

In intelligence organizations, agent handling is the management of so-called agents (called secret agents or spies in common parlance), principal agents, and agent networks (called "assets") by intelligence officers typically known as case officers.

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Agent provocateur

An agent provocateur (French for "inciting agent") is a person who commits, or who acts to entice another person to commit an illegal or rash act or falsely implicate them in partaking in an illegal act.

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An Airman is a member of an air force or air arm of a nation's armed forces.

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Akashi Motojiro

Baron was a general in the Imperial Japanese Army and the 7th Governor-General of Taiwan from 6 June 1918 to 26 October 1919.

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Albert E. Kahn

Albert Eugene Kahn (May 11, 1912 – September 15, 1979) was an American journalist, photographer, author and nephew of modernist industrial architect Albert Kahn.

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Aldrich Ames

Aldrich Hazen Ames (born May 26, 1941) is a former Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) officer turned KGB mole, who was convicted of espionage in 1994.

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Allan Pinkerton

Allan J. Pinkerton (25 August 1819 – 1 July 1884) was a Scottish American detective and spy, best known for creating the Pinkerton National Detective Agency.

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American Civil War

The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865.

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American Revolution

The American Revolution was a colonial revolt that took place between 1765 and 1783.

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American Revolutionary War

The American Revolutionary War (17751783), also known as the American War of Independence, was a global war that began as a conflict between Great Britain and its Thirteen Colonies which declared independence as the United States of America. After 1765, growing philosophical and political differences strained the relationship between Great Britain and its colonies. Patriot protests against taxation without representation followed the Stamp Act and escalated into boycotts, which culminated in 1773 with the Sons of Liberty destroying a shipment of tea in Boston Harbor. Britain responded by closing Boston Harbor and passing a series of punitive measures against Massachusetts Bay Colony. Massachusetts colonists responded with the Suffolk Resolves, and they established a shadow government which wrested control of the countryside from the Crown. Twelve colonies formed a Continental Congress to coordinate their resistance, establishing committees and conventions that effectively seized power. British attempts to disarm the Massachusetts militia at Concord, Massachusetts in April 1775 led to open combat. Militia forces then besieged Boston, forcing a British evacuation in March 1776, and Congress appointed George Washington to command the Continental Army. Concurrently, an American attempt to invade Quebec and raise rebellion against the British failed decisively. On July 2, 1776, the Continental Congress voted for independence, issuing its declaration on July 4. Sir William Howe launched a British counter-offensive, capturing New York City and leaving American morale at a low ebb. However, victories at Trenton and Princeton restored American confidence. In 1777, the British launched an invasion from Quebec under John Burgoyne, intending to isolate the New England Colonies. Instead of assisting this effort, Howe took his army on a separate campaign against Philadelphia, and Burgoyne was decisively defeated at Saratoga in October 1777. Burgoyne's defeat had drastic consequences. France formally allied with the Americans and entered the war in 1778, and Spain joined the war the following year as an ally of France but not as an ally of the United States. In 1780, the Kingdom of Mysore attacked the British in India, and tensions between Great Britain and the Netherlands erupted into open war. In North America, the British mounted a "Southern strategy" led by Charles Cornwallis which hinged upon a Loyalist uprising, but too few came forward. Cornwallis suffered reversals at King's Mountain and Cowpens. He retreated to Yorktown, Virginia, intending an evacuation, but a decisive French naval victory deprived him of an escape. A Franco-American army led by the Comte de Rochambeau and Washington then besieged Cornwallis' army and, with no sign of relief, he surrendered in October 1781. Whigs in Britain had long opposed the pro-war Tories in Parliament, and the surrender gave them the upper hand. In early 1782, Parliament voted to end all offensive operations in North America, but the war continued in Europe and India. Britain remained under siege in Gibraltar but scored a major victory over the French navy. On September 3, 1783, the belligerent parties signed the Treaty of Paris in which Great Britain agreed to recognize the sovereignty of the United States and formally end the war. French involvement had proven decisive,Brooks, Richard (editor). Atlas of World Military History. HarperCollins, 2000, p. 101 "Washington's success in keeping the army together deprived the British of victory, but French intervention won the war." but France made few gains and incurred crippling debts. Spain made some minor territorial gains but failed in its primary aim of recovering Gibraltar. The Dutch were defeated on all counts and were compelled to cede territory to Great Britain. In India, the war against Mysore and its allies concluded in 1784 without any territorial changes.

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No description.

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Bank Secrecy Act

The Bank Secrecy Act of 1970 (BSA), also known as the Currency and Foreign Transactions Reporting Act, is a U.S. law requiring financial institutions in the United States to assist U.S. government agencies to detect and prevent money laundering.

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Belle Boyd

Isabella Maria Boyd (May 9, 1844The date in the Boyd Family popBible is 4 May 1844,, but Boyd insisted it was 1844, and that the entry was in error. See also,. Despite Boyd's assertion, many reliable sources give the year of birth as 1844 and the date as May 9th., – June 11, 1900), best known as Belle Boyd, as well as Cleopatra of the Secession and Siren of the Shenandoah, was a Confederate spy in the American Civil War.

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A belligerent (lat. bellum gerere, "to wage war") is an individual, group, country, or other entity that acts in a hostile manner, such as engaging in combat.

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Benjamin Cowburn

Benjamin Hodkinson Cowburn, Croix de Guerre, Chevalier of the Legion of Honour (1909–1994) was a SOE Officer sent into occupied France on four separate occasions during World War II.

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Benjamin Tallmadge

Benjamin Tallmadge (February 25, 1754 – March 7, 1835) was an American military officer, spymaster, and politician.

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Black's Law Dictionary

Black's Law is the most widely used law dictionary in the United States.

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Blind Man's Bluff: The Untold Story of American Submarine Espionage

Blind Man's Bluff: The Untold Story of American Submarine Espionage by Sherry Sontag, Christopher Drew, and Annette Lawrence Drew, published in 1998 by Public Affairs Press, is a non-fiction book about U.S. Navy submarine operations during the Cold War.

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Brill Publishers

Brill (known as E. J. Brill, Koninklijke Brill, Brill Academic Publishers) is a Dutch international academic publisher founded in 1683 in Leiden, Netherlands.

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Broadmoor Hospital

Broadmoor Hospital is a high-security psychiatric hospital at Crowthorne in Berkshire, England.

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Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.

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Capital punishment

Capital punishment, also known as the death penalty, is a government-sanctioned practice whereby a person is put to death by the state as a punishment for a crime.

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Carl Hans Lody

Carl Hans Lody, alias Charles A. Inglis (20 January 1877 – 6 November 1914; name occasionally given as Karl Hans Lody), was a reserve officer of the Imperial German Navy who spied in the United Kingdom in the first few months of the First World War.

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Central Asia

Central Asia stretches from the Caspian Sea in the west to China in the east and from Afghanistan in the south to Russia in the north.

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Central Intelligence Agency

The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is a civilian foreign intelligence service of the United States federal government, tasked with gathering, processing, and analyzing national security information from around the world, primarily through the use of human intelligence (HUMINT).

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Charles Coughlin

Charles Edward Coughlin (October 25, 1891 – October 27, 1979), was a controversial Canadian-American Roman Catholic priest based in the United States near Detroit at Royal Oak, Michigan's National Shrine of the Little Flower church.

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Chinese espionage in the United States

China is alleged to have begun a widespread effort to acquire U.S. military technology and classified information and the trade secrets of U.S. companies.

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Christiaan Snouck Hurgronje

Christiaan Snouck Hurgronje (8 February 1857 – 26 June 1936) was a Dutch scholar of Oriental cultures and languages and Advisor on Native Affairs to the colonial government of the Netherlands East Indies (now Indonesia).

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Christopher Andrew (historian)

Christopher Maurice Andrew (born 23 July 1941) is an Emeritus Professor of Modern and Contemporary History at the University of Cambridge with an interest in international relations and in particular the history of intelligence services.

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Christopher Drew (journalist)

Christopher Drew is an award-winning investigative reporter for the New York Times.

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Clandestine cell system

A clandestine cell system is a method for organizing a group of people such as resistance fighters, sleeper agents, or terrorists so that such people can more effectively resist penetration by an opposing organization (such as law enforcement).

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Clandestine human intelligence

Clandestine human intelligence is intelligence collected from human sources using clandestine espionage methods.

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Clandestine HUMINT operational techniques

The Clandestine HUMINT page deals with the functions of that discipline, including espionage and active counterintelligence.

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Clandestine operation

A clandestine operation is an intelligence or military operation carried out in such a way that the operation goes unnoticed by the general population or specific enemy forces.

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Classified information

Classified information is material that a government body deems to be sensitive information that must be protected.

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Code of law

A code of law, also called a law code or legal code, is a type of legislation that purports to exhaustively cover a complete system of laws or a particular area of law as it existed at the time the code was enacted, by a process of codification.

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Cold War espionage

Cold War espionage describes the intelligence gathering activities during the Cold War (circa 1947-1991) between the Western allies (chief US, UK and NATO) and the Eastern Bloc (The Soviet Union and aligned countries of Warsaw Pact).

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A company, abbreviated as co., is a legal entity made up of an association of people for carrying on a commercial or industrial enterprise.

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Concealment device

Concealment devices or diversion safes are used to hide things for the purpose of secrecy or security.

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Confederate Secret Service

Confederate Secret Service refers to any of a number of official and semi-official secret service organizations and operations conducted by the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War.

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Confidentiality involves a set of rules or a promise usually executed through confidentiality agreements that limits access or places restrictions on certain types of information.

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Confusion agent

In espionage, a confusion agent is an individual who is dispatched for the primary purpose of confounding the intelligence or counterintelligence apparatus of another country, rather than for the purpose of collecting and transmitting information.

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In common speech, consent occurs when one person voluntarily agrees to the proposal or desires of another.

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Constance Babington Smith

Constance Babington Smith MBE Legion of Merit FRSL (15 October 1912 – 31 July 2000) was a journalist and writer, but is probably best known for her wartime work in imagery intelligence.

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A corporation is a company or group of people or an organisation authorized to act as a single entity (legally a person) and recognized as such in law.

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Counterintelligence is "an activity aimed at protecting an agency's intelligence program against an opposition's intelligence service." It likewise refers to information gathered and activities conducted to counter espionage, other intelligence activities, sabotage, or assassinations conducted for or on behalf of foreign powers, organizations or persons, international terrorist activities, sometimes including personnel, physical, document or communications security programs.

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A courier is a company that delivers messages, packages, and mail.

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Covert agent

The term covert agent can have many meanings, depending on context.

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Covert listening device

A covert listening device, more commonly known as a bug or a wire, is usually a combination of a miniature radio transmitter with a microphone.

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Covert operation

A covert operation is a military operation that intended to conceal the identity of or allow plausible denial by the sponsor.

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In ordinary language, a crime is an unlawful act punishable by a state or other authority.

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Cryptanalysis (from the Greek kryptós, "hidden", and analýein, "to loosen" or "to untie") is the study of analyzing information systems in order to study the hidden aspects of the systems.

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Cut-out (espionage)

In espionage parlance, a cut-out is a mutually trusted intermediary, method or channel of communication that facilitates the exchange of information between agents.

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Cyber spying

Cyber spying, or cyber espionage, is the act or practice of obtaining secrets and information without the permission and knowledge of the holder of the information from individuals, competitors, rivals, groups, governments and enemies for personal, economic, political or military advantage using methods on the Internet, networks or individual computers through the use of proxy servers, cracking techniques and malicious software including Trojan horses and spyware.

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David Kahn (writer)

David Kahn (b. February 7, 1930*) is a US historian, journalist and writer.

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David Murphy (CIA)

David Murphy (June 23, 1921–August 28, 2014) was the Central Intelligence Agency's station chief in Berlin from 1959 to 1961, in which position he advised John F. Kennedy on how to react to the construction of the Berlin Wall.

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David W. Doyle

David W. Doyle (7 May 1924 – 19 February 2014) was a British-born American author, United States Army Veteran, and former Central Intelligence Agency officer.

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Dead drop

A dead drop or dead letter box is a method of espionage tradecraft used to pass items or information between two individuals (e.g., a case officer and an agent, or two agents) using a secret location, thus not requiring them to meet directly and thereby maintaining operational security.

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Deception is the act of propagating a belief that is not true, or is not the whole truth (as in half-truths or omission).

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Deep Cover

Deep Cover is a 1992 American crime-thriller film starring Laurence Fishburne and Jeff Goldblum and directed by veteran actor Bill Duke.

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In politics, a defector is a person who gives up allegiance to one state in exchange for allegiance to another, in a way which is considered illegitimate by the first state.

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Diplomatic immunity

Diplomatic immunity is a form of legal immunity that ensures diplomats are given safe passage and are considered not susceptible to lawsuit or prosecution under the host country's laws, but they can still be expelled.

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Diplomatic protection

In international law, diplomatic protection (or diplomatic espousal) is a means for a State to take diplomatic and other action against another State on behalf of its national whose rights and interests have been injured by the other State.

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Director of National Intelligence

The Director of National Intelligence (DNI) is the United States government Cabinet-level official—subject to the authority, direction, and control of the President of the United States—required by the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 to.

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Directorate of Operations (CIA)

The Directorate of Operations (DO), less formally called the Clandestine Service,Central Intelligence Agency,, Retrieved:9 July 2015 is one of the smallest components of the US Central Intelligence Agency.

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A disguise can be anything which conceals or changes a person's physical appearance, including a wig, glasses, makeup, costume or other items.

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Disinformation is false information spread deliberately to deceive.

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Double agent

In the field of counterintelligence, a double agent (also double secret agent) is an employee of a secret intelligence service for one country, whose primary purpose is to spy on a target organization of another country, but who, in fact, has been discovered by the target organization and is now spying on their own country's organization for the target organization.

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Dumpster diving

Dumpster diving, commonly referred to in the UK and many parts of Europe as totting, skipping, skip diving or skip salvage, is a popular form of modern salvaging of waste in large commercial, residential, industrial and construction containers to find items that have been discarded by their owners, but that may prove useful to the picker.

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East London Cemetery

The East London Cemetery and Crematorium are located in Plaistow in the London Borough of Newham.

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Eastern Bloc

The Eastern Bloc was the group of socialist states of Central and Eastern Europe, generally the Soviet Union and the countries of the Warsaw Pact.

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Edward Snowden

Edward Joseph Snowden (born June 21, 1983) is an American computer professional, former Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) employee, and former contractor for the United States government who copied and leaked classified information from the National Security Agency (NSA) in 2013 without authorization.

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Egypt (مِصر, مَصر, Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.

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Electric chair

Execution by electrocution, performed using an electric chair, is a method of execution originating in the United States in which the condemned person is strapped to a specially built wooden chair and electrocuted through electrodes fastened on the head and leg.

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Elizabeth I of England

Elizabeth I (7 September 1533 – 24 March 1603) was Queen of England and Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death on 24 March 1603.

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Elsbeth Schragmüller

Elsbeth Schragmüller, also known as Fräulein Doktor and Mademoiselle Docteur, as well as Fair Lady, La Baronne and Mlle.

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Encyclopedia of the Central Intelligence Agency

Encyclopedia of the Central Intelligence Agency is a 2003 book by W. Thomas Smith Jr. It is an encyclopedic work on the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), the only independent agency of the United States federal government that is tasked with intelligence-gathering.

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An enemy or a foe is an individual or a group that is verified as forcefully adverse or threatening.

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Espionage or spying, is the act of obtaining secret or confidential information without the permission of the holder of the information.

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Espionage Act of 1917

The Espionage Act of 1917 is a United States federal law passed on June 15, 1917, shortly after the U.S. entry into World War I. It has been amended numerous times over the years.

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Eugene V. Debs

Eugene Victor Debs (November 5, 1855 – October 20, 1926) was an American democratic socialist political activist and trade unionist, one of the founding members of the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW or the Wobblies), and five times the candidate of the Socialist Party of America for President of the United States.

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Existentialism is a tradition of philosophical inquiry associated mainly with certain 19th and 20th-century European philosophers who, despite profound doctrinal differences,Oxford Companion to Philosophy, ed.

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F. W. Winterbotham

Frederick William Winterbotham (16 April 1897 – 28 January 1990) was a British Royal Air Force officer (latterly a Group Captain) who during World War II supervised the distribution of Ultra intelligence.

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Fabricator (intelligence)

A fabricator is an intelligence agent or officer that generates disinformation, falsehoods or bogus information, often without access to authentic resources.

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False flag

A false flag is a covert operation designed to deceive; the deception creates the appearance of a particular party, group, or nation being responsible for some activity, disguising the actual source of responsibility.

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Federal Bureau of Investigation

The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), formerly the Bureau of Investigation (BOI), is the domestic intelligence and security service of the United States, and its principal federal law enforcement agency.

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A film, also called a movie, motion picture, moving pícture, theatrical film, or photoplay, is a series of still images that, when shown on a screen, create the illusion of moving images.

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First Chief Directorate

The First Main Directorate (or First Chief Directorate, Russian: Первое главное управление, Pervoye glavnoye upravleniye) of the Committee for State Security under the USSR council of ministers (PGU KGB) was the organization responsible for foreign operations and intelligence activities by providing for the training and management of covert agents, intelligence collection administration, and the acquisition of foreign and domestic political, scientific and technical intelligence in the Soviet Union.

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Flying monkeys (psychology)

Flying monkeys is a phrase used in popular psychology mainly in the context of narcissistic abuse.

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Francis Walsingham

Sir Francis Walsingham (1532 – 6 April 1590) was principal secretary to Queen Elizabeth I of England from 20 December 1573 until his death and is popularly remembered as her "spymaster".

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Franklin D. Roosevelt

Franklin Delano Roosevelt Sr. (January 30, 1882 – April 12, 1945), often referred to by his initials FDR, was an American statesman and political leader who served as the 32nd President of the United States from 1933 until his death in 1945.

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Frederick Russell Burnham

Frederick Russell Burnham DSO (May 11, 1861 – September 1, 1947) was an American scout and world-traveling adventurer.

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Fritz Joubert Duquesne

Frederick "Fritz" Joubert Duquesne (21 September 187724 May 1956; sometimes Du Quesne) was a South African Boer and German soldier, big-game hunter, journalist, and a spy.

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Garage (residential)

A residential garage is a walled, roofed structure for storing a vehicle or vehicles that may be part of or attached to a home ("attached garage"), or a separate outbuilding or shed ("detached garage").

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In modern parlance, a gentleman (from gentle + man, translating the Old French gentilz hom) is any man of good, courteous conduct.

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George Smiley

George Smiley OBE is a fictional character created by John le Carré.

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German military administration in occupied France during World War II

The Military Administration in France (Militärverwaltung in Frankreich; Occupation de la France par l'Allemagne) was an interim occupation authority established by Nazi Germany during World War II to administer the occupied zone in areas of northern and western France.

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Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.

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Get Smart

Get Smart is an American comedy television series that satirizes the secret agent genre that was popular at the time.

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A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, often a state.

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Gramm–Leach–Bliley Act

The Gramm–Leach–Bliley Act (GLBA), also known as the Financial Services Modernization Act of 1999, is an act of the 106th United States Congress (1999–2001).

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Greenwood Publishing Group

ABC-CLIO/Greenwood is an educational and academic publisher (middle school through university level) which is today part of ABC-CLIO.

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Hague Conventions of 1899 and 1907

The Hague Conventions of 1899 and 1907 are a series of international treaties and declarations negotiated at two international peace conferences at The Hague in the Netherlands.

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Harriet Tubman

Harriet Tubman (born Araminta Ross, March 10, 1913) was an American abolitionist and political activist.

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Harry Hinsley

Sir Francis Harry Hinsley OBE (26 November 1918 – 16 February 1998) was an English historian and cryptanalyst.

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Harry Palmer

Harry Palmer is the protagonist of a number of films based on the unnamed main character in the spy novels written by Len Deighton.

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Harry S. Truman

Harry S. Truman (May 8, 1884 – December 26, 1972) was an American statesman who served as the 33rd President of the United States (1945–1953), taking office upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt.

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Harvey Klehr

Harvey Elliott Klehr (born December 25, 1945) is a professor of politics and history at Emory University.

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Heinz Höhne

Heinz Höhne (1926 Berlin, Germany - 27 March 2010 in Großhansdorf) was a German journalist and historian who specialized in Nazi and intelligence history.

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Helias Doundoulakis

Helias Doundoulakis (July 12, 1923 – February 29, 2016) was a Greek American civil engineer and scientific innovator who patented the suspension system for the largest radio telescope in the world, and served in the United States Army and the Office of Strategic Services — the OSS — as a spy during WWII.

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Hercules Mulligan

Hercules Mulligan (September 25, 1740March 4, 1825) was an Irish-American tailor and spy during the American Revolutionary War.

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Hideo Kojima

is a Japanese video game designer, screenwriter, director, and game producer.

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Howard Burnham

Mather Howard Burnham (May 27, 1870 – May 4, 1917),Report of Death of American Citizens Abroad, no.

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Hugh Francis Redmond

Hugh Francis Redmond was an American World War II paratrooper who later worked for the CIA in their storied Special Activities Division.

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Human intelligence (intelligence gathering)

Human intelligence (frequently abbreviated HUMINT and sometimes pronounced as hyoo-mint) is intelligence gathered by means of interpersonal contact, as opposed to the more technical intelligence gathering disciplines such as signals intelligence (SIGINT), imagery intelligence (IMINT) and measurement and signature intelligence (MASINT).

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Human interest story

In journalism, a human interest story is a feature story that discusses a person, or people, or a pet in an emotional way.

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Human Rights Law Network

The Human Rights Law Network (HRLN) is a collective of Indian lawyers and social activists who provide legal support to the vulnerable and disadvantaged sections of society.

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Identity document forgery

Identity document forgery is the process by which identity documents issued by governing bodies are copied and/or modified by persons not authorized to create such documents or engage in such modifications, for the purpose of deceiving those who would view the documents about the identity or status of the bearer.

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Illegal drug trade

The illegal drug trade or drug trafficking is a global black market dedicated to the cultivation, manufacture, distribution and sale of drugs that are subject to drug prohibition laws.

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Imagery intelligence

Imagery intelligence (IMINT) is an intelligence gathering discipline which collects information via satellite and aerial photography.

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Industrial espionage

Industrial espionage, economic espionage, corporate spying or corporate espionage is a form of espionage conducted for commercial purposes instead of purely national security.

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Information sensitivity

Information sensitivity is the control of access to information or knowledge that might result in loss of an advantage or level of security if disclosed to others.

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Intelligence assessment

Intelligence assessment is the development of behavior forecasts or recommended courses of action to the leadership of an organisation, based on wide ranges of available overt and covert information.

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International Committee of the Red Cross

The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) is a humanitarian institution based in Geneva, Switzerland, and a three-time Nobel Prize Laureate.

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International Intelligence Limited

International Intelligence Limited is a United Kingdom based security and intelligence company.

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International law

International law is the set of rules generally regarded and accepted as binding in relations between states and between nations.

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Interrogation (also called questioning) is interviewing as commonly employed by law enforcement officers, military personnel, and intelligence agencies with the goal of eliciting useful information.

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Ishmael Jones

Ishmael Jones (born 15 December 1960) is the pseudonym used by a former CIA officer.

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James Armistead Lafayette

James Armistead Lafayette (December 10, 1760 – August 9, 1830) was an enslaved African American who served the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War under the Marquis de Lafayette.

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James Bond

The James Bond series focuses on a fictional British Secret Service agent created in 1953 by writer Ian Fleming, who featured him in twelve novels and two short-story collections.

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James Fenimore Cooper

James Fenimore Cooper (September 15, 1789 – September 14, 1851) was an American writer of the first half of the 19th century.

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James Hall III

James W. Hall III (born 1958) is a former United States Army warrant officer and signals intelligence analyst in Germany who sold eavesdropping and code secrets to East Germany and the Soviet Union from 1983 to 1988.

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James Srodes

James Srodes (March 12, 1940—September 27, 2017) was an American journalist and author.

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John André

John André (2 May 1750 – 2 October 1780) was a British Army officer hanged as a spy by the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War for assisting Benedict Arnold's attempted surrender of the fort at West Point, New York to the British.

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John Anthony Walker

John Anthony Walker Jr. (July 28, 1937 – August 28, 2014) was a United States Navy Chief Warrant Officer and communications specialist convicted of spying for the Soviet Union from 1968 to 1985.

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John Cecil Masterman

Sir John Cecil Masterman OBE (12 January 1891 – 6 June 1977) was a noted academic, sportsman and author.

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John Earl Haynes

John Earl Haynes (born 1944) is an American historian who worked as a specialist in 20th-century political history in the Manuscript Division of the Library of Congress.

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John Kiriakou

John Chris Kiriakou (born August 9, 1964) is a columnist with Reader Supported News.

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John Thurloe

John Thurloe (June 1616 – 21 February 1668) of Great Milton in Oxfordshire and of Lincoln's Inn, was a secretary to the council of state in Protectorate England and spymaster for Oliver Cromwell.

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Johnny Fedora

Johnny Fedora is a fictional British secret agent who was the protagonist of 16 novels published between 1951 and 1984.

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Jonathan Pollard

Jonathan Jay Pollard (born August 7, 1954) is a former intelligence analyst for the United States government.

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Josef Jakobs

Josef Jakobs (30 June 1898 – 15 August 1941) was a German spy and the last person to be executed at the Tower of London.

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Joseph E. Persico

Joseph E. Persico (July 19, 1930August 30, 2014) was an author.

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Jules C. Silber

Jules Crawford Silber (1880-?) was a German spy working as a censor in the United Kingdom during the First World War.

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Julius and Ethel Rosenberg

Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were United States citizens who spied for the Soviet Union and were tried, convicted, and executed by the Federal government of the United States.

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Karl Schulmeister

Karl Ludwig Schulmeister (1770–1853) (also known as Carl Schulmeister or Charles Louis Schulmeister) was an Austrian double agent for France during the reign of Napoleon I. Schulmeister was born in Baden and raised as a shepherd.

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Kashmir conflict

The Kashmir conflict is a territorial conflict primarily between India and Pakistan, having started just after the partition of India in 1947.

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The KGB, an initialism for Komitet gosudarstvennoy bezopasnosti (p), translated in English as Committee for State Security, was the main security agency for the Soviet Union from 1954 until its break-up in 1991.

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Kim (novel)

Kim is a novel by Nobel Prize-winning English author Rudyard Kipling.

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Kim Philby

Harold Adrian Russell "Kim" Philby (1 January 1912 – 11 May 1988) was a high-ranking member of British intelligence who worked as a double agent before defecting to the Soviet Union in 1963.

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Labor spying in the United States

Labor spying in the United States has involved people recruited or employed for the purpose of gathering intelligence, committing sabotage, sowing dissent, or engaging in other similar activities, in the context of an employer/labor organization relationship.

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Life imprisonment

Life imprisonment (also known as imprisonment for life, life in prison, a life sentence, a life term, lifelong incarceration, life incarceration or simply life) is any sentence of imprisonment for a crime under which convicted persons are to remain in prison either for the rest of their natural life or until paroled.

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List of cryptographers

List of cryptographers.

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List of intelligence agencies

This is a list of intelligence agencies.

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List of intelligence gathering disciplines

This is a list of intelligence gathering disciplines.

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Literature, most generically, is any body of written works.

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Main Intelligence Directorate

Main Intelligence Directorate (p), abbreviated GRU (p), is the foreign military intelligence agency of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation (formerly the Soviet Army General Staff of the Soviet Union).

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Maria de Victorica

Madame Maria de Victorica, or Baroness Maria von Kretschamn, (1878, Posen, Prussia - 1920, New York, United States) was the daughter of a Prussian cavalry officer, Baron Hans von Kretschman, and Countess Jenny von Gustedt, a diplomat. She was also the granddaughter of the illegitimate child of Jenny von Pappenheim and Jérome Bonaparte. Known for her espionage activities during World War I. She also used the alias Marie de Vussière. She was said to dominate many European languages with fluency and had many university degrees. She came to South America when she was 25 years old, to visit some relatives living in the continent. Once she was here, apparently she married with the first of her three husbands, although his identity isn't clear. Some source states that she married an Argentinean man that died shortly after marriage, but some other sources state that her last husband was, indeed, an Argentinean man called Manuel Gustave de Victorica, arrested in Pontalier, France, on 10 January 1917 and charged of espionage. This latest version seems to be the most accurate. She was accused of being involved in plot actions, mostly to organize disturbs amongst the Irish community living in the United States, and to import high explosives into the U.S. by means of hollow figurines of Saints and the Virgin Mary. She was a noble, fashionable and rich woman, and that was part of her strategy to move inside the United States. Even her most fashionable clothes served as a masquerade to hide her espionage actions, for example the usage of silk mufflers to hide invisible ink in which to write secret messages to other German spies. She was under the direction of Herman Wessels, but Herbert Yardley stated that her intelligence was superior to her masculine boss. In his memoirs about his service at MI-8, called The American Black Chamber, Yardley devoted an entire chapter to describe the plot of Mme. Victorica, and wrote about her that However, the digitized copy belonging to the Rufus A. Long Digital Archive of Cryptology has notations made by other specialists in cryptanalisis, like William F. Friedman, or Charles J. Mendelsohn. There are several notations made in this particular chapter, most of them belonging to A. J. M. Grail, in charge of secret ink section, Captain, MID, Washington, during World War. In those notations, made by Grail, it's stated that "Victorica was quite harmless. She accomplished nothing. She arrived here 22, Jan, 1917 and was arrested 21 April 1918.", that "The plot (of introducing explosives into holy figures) was suggested to Victorica not by her", that she wasn't from a noble origin, but rather a Junker, and finally that "I believe Victorica gave our people in N.Y.C. much information (...), she did not give much accurate information, perhaps out of ignorance." Charles J. Mendelsohn, in charge of German diplomatic code solving section, MID, Washington, also added at the end of the chapter that "It is my impression that Victorica was captured by the Dept. of Justice, plus that the cipher stuff came as a consequence of the capture, not the capture as a consequence of the cipher stuff. V. Weiskopf could throw light on this." On 27 April 1918 she was arrested, supposedly after MI-8 secret-ink subsection found a correspondence that detailed a plan to destroy docks, war industries, and mercury mines. She disclosed some information about the rest of the conspirators, but she also lied a lot during the examination. Since she was by the time of her arrest a heavy user of morphine, the U.S. officers threatened her to suspend her doses of morphine, and finally told the truth. She died in 1920.

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Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

Martinus Nijhoff Publishers was an independent academic publishing company dating back to the nineteenth century, which is now an imprint of Brill Publishers.

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Mata Hari

Margaretha Geertruida "Margreet" MacLeod (née Zelle; 7 August 187615 October 1917), better known by the stage name Mata Hari, was a Dutch exotic dancer and courtesan who was convicted of being a spy for Germany during World War IHowe, Russel Warren (1986).

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Metal Gear Solid

Metal Gear Solid is an action-adventure stealth video game produced by Konami Computer Entertainment Japan and released for the PlayStation in 1998.

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The Security Service, also MI5 (Military Intelligence, Section 5), is the United Kingdom's domestic counter-intelligence and security agency and is part of its intelligence machinery alongside the Secret Intelligence Service (MI6), Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ) and Defence Intelligence (DI).

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Michael Caine

Sir Michael Caine (born Maurice Joseph Micklewhite Jr., 14 March 1933) is an English actor, producer, and author.

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Michael Ross (Mossad officer)

Michael Ross (born 12 July 1961) is a Canadian expert on intelligence gathering and a former Mossad officer, or "combatant" with a focus upon human source intelligence collection (Humint).

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A military or armed force is a professional organization formally authorized by a sovereign state to use lethal or deadly force and weapons to support the interests of the state.

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Military animal

Military animals are trained animals that are used in warfare and other combat related activities.

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Military capability

Military capability is defined by the Australian Defence Force as "the ability to achieve a desired effect in a specific operating environment".

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Military intelligence

Military intelligence is a military discipline that uses information collection and analysis approaches to provide guidance and direction to assist commanders in their decisions.

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Military justice

Military justice (or military law) is the body of laws and procedures governing members of the armed forces.

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Mitrokhin Archive

The Mitrokhin Archive is a collection of handwritten notes made secretly by KGB archivist Vasili Mitrokhin during his thirty years as a KGB archivist in the foreign intelligence service and the First Chief Directorate.

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Moe Berg

Morris "Moe" Berg (March 2, 1902 – May 29, 1972) was an American catcher and coach in Major League Baseball who later served as a spy for the Office of Strategic Services during World War II.

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Mole (espionage)

In espionage jargon, a mole (also called a "penetration agent", "deep cover agent", or "sleeper agent") is a long-term spy (espionage agent) who is recruited before having access to secret intelligence, subsequently managing to get into the target organization.

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Money laundering

Money laundering is the act of concealing the transformation of profits from illegal activities and corruption into ostensibly "legitimate" assets.

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Muslim Brotherhood

The Society of the Muslim Brothers (جماعة الإخوان المسلمين), better known as the Muslim Brotherhood (الإخوان المسلمون), is a transnational Sunni Islamist organization founded in Egypt by Islamic scholar and schoolteacher Hassan al-Banna in 1928.

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Napoleonic Wars

The Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815) were a series of major conflicts pitting the French Empire and its allies, led by Napoleon I, against a fluctuating array of European powers formed into various coalitions, financed and usually led by the United Kingdom.

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Nathan Hale

Nathan Hale (June 6, 1755 – September 22, 1776) was an American soldier and spy for the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War.

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National Intelligence Organization (Turkey)

The National Intelligence Organization (Millî İstihbarat Teşkilatı, MİT) is the governmental intelligence organization of Turkey.

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National Security Agency

The National Security Agency (NSA) is a national-level intelligence agency of the United States Department of Defense, under the authority of the Director of National Intelligence.

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Natural resource

Natural resources are resources that exist without actions of humankind.

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A or was a covert agent or mercenary in feudal Japan.

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Non-official cover

In espionage, agents under non-official cover (NOC) are operatives who assume covert roles in organizations without official ties to the government for which they work.

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Numbers station

A numbers station is a shortwave radio station characterized by broadcasts of formatted numbers, which are believed to be addressed to intelligence officers operating in foreign countries.

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Offender profiling

Offender profiling, also known as criminal profiling, is an investigative tool used by law enforcement agencies to identify likely suspects and has been used by investigators to link cases that may have been committed by the same perpetrator.

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Office of Public Sector Information

The Office of Public Sector Information (OPSI) is the body responsible for the operation of Her Majesty's Stationery Office (HMSO) and of other public information services of the United Kingdom.

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Officer (armed forces)

An officer is a member of an armed force or uniformed service who holds a position of authority.

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Official cover

In espionage, an official cover operative is one who assumes a position in an organization with diplomatic ties to the government for which the operative works such as an embassy or consulate.

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One-way voice link

A one-way voice link (OWVL) is typically a radio based communication method used by spy networks to communicate with agents in the field typically (but not exclusively) using shortwave radio frequencies.

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Open-source intelligence

Open-source intelligence (OSINT) is data collected from publicly available sources to be used in an intelligence context.

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Operation Pastorius

Operation Pastorius was a failed German intelligence plan for sabotage inside the United States during World War II.

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Operation Snow White

Operation Snow White was a criminal conspiracy by the Church of Scientology during the 1970s to purge unfavorable records about Scientology and its founder, L. Ron Hubbard.

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Operations (military staff)

Military operations is a concept and application of military science that involves planning the operations for the projected maneuvering forces' provisions, services, training, and administrative functions—to allow them to commence, insert, then egress from combat.

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Opposing force

An opposing force (abbreviated OPFOR or enemy force) is a military unit tasked with representing an enemy, usually for training purposes in war game scenarios.

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Oslo Report

The Oslo Report was one of the most spectacular leaks in the history of military intelligence.

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Patrick Leigh Fermor

Sir Patrick Michael Leigh Fermor, DSO, OBE (11 February 1915 – 10 June 2011), also known as Paddy Fermor, was a British author, scholar, soldier and polyglot who played a prominent role behind the lines in the Cretan resistance during the Second World War.

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Patriot Act

The USA PATRIOT Act is an Act of Congress signed into law by US President George W. Bush on October 26, 2001.

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A peddler, in British English pedlar, also known as a canvasser, chapman, cheapjack, hawker, higler, huckster, monger, or solicitor, is a traveling vendor of goods.

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Pen and Sword Books

Pen and Sword Books is a British publisher which specializes in printing and distributing books on military history, militaria and other niche subjects.

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People's Union for Civil Liberties

People's Union for Civil Liberties (PUCL) is a human rights body formed in India in 1976 by socialist leader Jayaprakash Narayan, as the People's Union for Civil Liberties and Democratic Rights (PUCLDR).

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Persona non grata

In diplomacy, a persona non grata (Latin: "person not appreciated", plural: personae non gratae) is a foreign person whose entering or remaining in a particular country is prohibited by that country's government.

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Plaistow, Newham

Plaistow is a district in the West Ham area of the London Borough of Newham in east London, England.

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Portfolio (finance)

In finance, a portfolio is a collection of investments held by an investment company, hedge fund, financial institution or individual.

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Princeton University Press

Princeton University Press is an independent publisher with close connections to Princeton University.

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Prisoner of war

A prisoner of war (POW) is a person, whether combatant or non-combatant, who is held in custody by a belligerent power during or immediately after an armed conflict.

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Private investigator

A private investigator (often abbreviated to PI and informally called a private eye), a private detective, or inquiry agent, is a person who can be hired by individuals or groups to undertake investigatory law services.

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Propaganda is information that is not objective and is used primarily to influence an audience and further an agenda, often by presenting facts selectively to encourage a particular synthesis or perception, or using loaded language to produce an emotional rather than a rational response to the information that is presented.

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A prosecutor is a legal representative of the prosecution in countries with either the common law adversarial system, or the civil law inquisitorial system.

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Public opinion

Public opinion consists of the desires, wants, and thinking of the majority of the people; it is the collective opinion of the people of a society or state on an issue or problem.

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A punishment is the imposition of an undesirable or unpleasant outcome upon a group or individual, meted out by an authority—in contexts ranging from child discipline to criminal law—as a response and deterrent to a particular action or behaviour that is deemed undesirable or unacceptable.

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Ray Mawby

Raymond Llewellyn Mawby (6 February 1922 – 22 July 1990) was a British Member of Parliament for the Conservative Party and a junior Minister, who was in the pay of 2nd Directorate of the General Staff of the Czechoslovak People's Army, the communist Czechoslovak Socialist Republic military intelligence service.

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In military operations, reconnaissance or scouting is the exploration outside an area occupied by friendly forces to gain information about natural features and other activities in the area.

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Recruitment of spies

Clandestine HUMINT asset recruiting refers to the recruitment of human agents, commonly known as spies, who work for a foreign government, within a host country's government, or other targets of intelligence interest for the gathering of human intelligence.

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Reginald Victor Jones

Reginald Victor Jones, FRSE, LLD (29 September 1911 – 17 December 1997) was a British physicist and scientific military intelligence expert who played an important role in the defence of Britain in.

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Richard Helms

Richard McGarrah Helms (March 30, 1913 – October 23, 2002) served as the United States Director of Central Intelligence (DCI) from June 1966 to February 1973.

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Richard M. Bissell Jr.

Richard Mervin Bissell Jr. (September 18, 1909 – February 7, 1994) was a Central Intelligence Agency officer responsible for major projects such as the U-2 spy plane and the Bay of Pigs Invasion.

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Robert Gates

Robert Michael Gates (born September 25, 1943) is an American statesman, scholar, intelligence analyst, and university president who served as the 22nd United States Secretary of Defense from 2006 to 2011.

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Robert Hanssen

Robert Philip Hanssen (born April 18, 1944) is a former Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) agent who spied for Soviet and Russian intelligence services against the United States from 1979 to 2001.

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Robert Lee Johnson (spy)

Robert Lee Johnson (1922 – May 18, 1972) was an American sergeant who spied for the Soviet Union.

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Roberta Wohlstetter

Roberta Mary Morgan, better known by her married name of Roberta Wohlstetter, (August 22, 1912 - January 6, 2007), was one of America's most important historians of military intelligence.

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Rudyard Kipling

Joseph Rudyard Kipling (30 December 1865 – 18 January 1936)The Times, (London) 18 January 1936, p. 12 was an English journalist, short-story writer, poet, and novelist.

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Rupert Allason

Rupert William Simon Allason (born 8 November 1951) is a military historian and journalist and former Conservative Party politician in the United Kingdom.

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Russia (rɐˈsʲijə), officially the Russian Federation (p), is a country in Eurasia. At, Russia is the largest country in the world by area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, and the ninth most populous, with over 144 million people as of December 2017, excluding Crimea. About 77% of the population live in the western, European part of the country. Russia's capital Moscow is one of the largest cities in the world; other major cities include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod. Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U.S. state of Alaska across the Bering Strait. The East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus' ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states; most of the Rus' lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde in the 13th century. The Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities, achieved independence from the Golden Horde. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which was the third largest empire in history, stretching from Poland on the west to Alaska on the east. Following the Russian Revolution, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the largest and leading constituent of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the world's first constitutionally socialist state. The Soviet Union played a decisive role in the Allied victory in World War II, and emerged as a recognized superpower and rival to the United States during the Cold War. The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the world's first human-made satellite and the launching of the first humans in space. By the end of 1990, the Soviet Union had the world's second largest economy, largest standing military in the world and the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, twelve independent republics emerged from the USSR: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and the Baltic states regained independence: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania; the Russian SFSR reconstituted itself as the Russian Federation and is recognized as the continuing legal personality and a successor of the Soviet Union. It is governed as a federal semi-presidential republic. The Russian economy ranks as the twelfth largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity in 2015. Russia's extensive mineral and energy resources are the largest such reserves in the world, making it one of the leading producers of oil and natural gas globally. The country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Russia is a great power as well as a regional power and has been characterised as a potential superpower. It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and an active global partner of ASEAN, as well as a member of the G20, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and the World Trade Organization (WTO), as well as being the leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and one of the five members of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), along with Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.

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Russian Intelligence Community

The Intelligence Community in Russia (Спецслужбы России) is a complex series of intelligence agencies operating under the supervision of the National Security Council of Russia (Совет Безопасности Российской Федерации).

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Russo-Japanese War

The Russo–Japanese War (Russko-yaponskaya voina; Nichirosensō; 1904–05) was fought between the Russian Empire and the Empire of Japan over rival imperial ambitions in Manchuria and Korea.

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Sabotage is a deliberate action aimed at weakening a polity, effort or organization through subversion, obstruction, disruption or destruction.

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Safe house

A safe house is, in a generic sense, a secret place for sanctuary or suitable to hide persons from the law, hostile actors or actions, or from retribution, threats or perceived danger.

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Samir Sharifov

Samir Sharifov Rauf oglu (Samir Şərifov Rauf oğlu; born September 7, 1961) is an Azerbaijani politician serving as the Minister of Finance of Azerbaijan Republic.

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Sarbanes–Oxley Act

The Sarbanes–Oxley Act of 2002, also known as the "Public Company Accounting Reform and Investor Protection Act" (in the Senate) and "Corporate and Auditing Accountability, Responsibility, and Transparency Act" (in the House) and more commonly called Sarbanes–Oxley, Sarbox or SOX, is a United States federal law that set new or expanded requirements for all U.S. public company boards, management and public accounting firms.

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SCG International Risk

SCG International was founded in 1996 to provide government and private sectors with domestic and international security, logistics and training services.

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Second Boer War

The Second Boer War (11 October 1899 – 31 May 1902) was fought between the British Empire and two Boer states, the South African Republic (Republic of Transvaal) and the Orange Free State, over the Empire's influence in South Africa.

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Secrecy (also called clandestinity or furtiveness) is the practice of hiding information from certain individuals or groups who do not have the "need to know", perhaps while sharing it with other individuals.

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Secret Intelligence Service

The Secret Intelligence Service (SIS), commonly known as MI6, is the foreign intelligence service of the government of the United Kingdom, tasked mainly with the covert overseas collection and analysis of human intelligence (HUMINT) in support of the UK's national security.

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Security clearance

A security clearance is a status granted to individuals allowing them access to classified information (state or organizational secrets) or to restricted areas, after completion of a thorough background check.

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September 11 attacks

The September 11, 2001 attacks (also referred to as 9/11) were a series of four coordinated terrorist attacks by the Islamic terrorist group al-Qaeda against the United States on the morning of Tuesday, September 11, 2001.

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Side-channel attack

In computer security, a side-channel attack is any attack based on information gained from the implementation of a computer system, rather than weaknesses in the implemented algorithm itself (e.g. cryptanalysis and software bugs).

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Sidney Reilly

Sidney George Reilly MC (– 5 November 1925), commonly known as the "Ace of Spies," was a Russian-born adventurer and secret agent employed by Scotland Yard's Special Branch and later by the British Secret Service Bureau, the precursor to the modern British Secret Intelligence Service (MI6/SIS).

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Signals intelligence

Signals intelligence (SIGINT) is intelligence-gathering by interception of signals, whether communications between people (communications intelligence—abbreviated to COMINT) or from electronic signals not directly used in communication (electronic intelligence—abbreviated to ELINT).

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Simon Kitson

Simon Kitson (born 1967) is a British historian.

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Sleeper agent

A sleeper agent is a spy who is placed in a target country or organization not to undertake an immediate mission but to act as a potential asset if activated.

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Sovereign state

A sovereign state is, in international law, a nonphysical juridical entity that is represented by one centralized government that has sovereignty over a geographic area.

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Soviet espionage in the United States

Since the late 1920s, the Soviet Union, through its GRU, OGPU and NKVD intelligence services, used Russian and foreign-born nationals as well as Communist, and people of American origin to perform espionage activities in the United States.

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Soviet Union

The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.

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Special Operations Executive

The Special Operations Executive (SOE) was a British World War II organisation.

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Spies Like Us

Spies Like Us is a 1985 American comedy film directed by John Landis and starring Chevy Chase, Dan Aykroyd, Steve Forrest, and Donna Dixon.

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A spymaster is the leader of a spy ring, run by a secret service.

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Staging area

A staging area (otherwise staging point, staging base or staging post) is a location where organisms, people, vehicles, equipment or material are assembled before use.

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In International law a stateless person is someone who is "not considered as a national by any state under the operation of its law".

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Steganography is the practice of concealing a file, message, image, or video within another file, message, image, or video.

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Stephen Dorril

Stephen Dorril (born 7 July 1955; Worcestershire) is a British academic, author, and journalist.

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Stephen E. Ambrose

Stephen Edward Ambrose (January 10, 1936 – October 13, 2002) was an American historian and biographer of U.S. Presidents Dwight D. Eisenhower and Richard Nixon.

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Stephen Jin-Woo Kim

Stephen Jin-Woo Kim is a former State Department contractor who pleaded guilty to a felony count of disclosing classified information to Fox News reporter James Rosen.

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Surveillance is the monitoring of behavior, activities, or other changing information for the purpose of influencing, managing, directing, or protecting people.

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Surveillance aircraft

A surveillance aircraft is an aircraft used for surveillance—collecting information over time.

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T. E. Lawrence

Colonel Thomas Edward Lawrence, (16 August 1888 – 19 May 1935) was a British archaeologist, military officer, diplomat, and writer.

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Terrorism is, in the broadest sense, the use of intentionally indiscriminate violence as a means to create terror among masses of people; or fear to achieve a financial, political, religious or ideological aim.

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The Baroness (novels)

The Baroness is the name of a short-lived series of espionage novels by Paul Kenyon.

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The Great Game

"The Great Game" was a political and diplomatic confrontation that existed for most of the nineteenth century between the British Empire and the Russian Empire over Afghanistan and neighbouring territories in Central and Southern Asia.

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Thomas A. Drake

Thomas Andrews Drake (born 1957) is a former senior executive of the U.S. National Security Agency (NSA), a decorated United States Air Force and United States Navy veteran, and a whistleblower.

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Thomas Knowlton

Thomas W. Knowlton (22 November 1740 – 16 September 1776) was an American patriot who served in the French and Indian War and was a colonel during the American Revolution.

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Tower of London

The Tower of London, officially Her Majesty's Royal Palace and Fortress of the Tower of London, is a historic castle located on the north bank of the River Thames in central London.

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Tradecraft, within the intelligence community, refers to the techniques, methods and technologies used in modern espionage (spying) and generally, as part of the activity of intelligence.

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In law, treason is the crime that covers some of the more extreme acts against one's nation or sovereign.

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Turkey (Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti), is a transcontinental country in Eurasia, mainly in Anatolia in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.

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Uniform Code of Military Justice

The Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ) is the foundation of military law in the United States.

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United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was established by the Acts of Union 1800, which merged the kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland.

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United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

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United States Intelligence Community

The United States Intelligence Community (IC) is a federation of 16 separate United States government agencies that work separately and together to conduct intelligence activities to support the foreign policy and national security of the United States.

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United States Penitentiary, Allenwood

The United States Penitentiary, Allenwood (USP Allenwood) is a high-security United States federal prison in Pennsylvania.

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Valerie Plame

Valerie Elise Plame Wilson (née Plame; born August 13, 1963), known as Valerie Plame, Valerie E. Wilson, and Valerie Plame Wilson, is a former operations officer who worked at the United States Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), a writer, and a spy novelist.

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Vasili Mitrokhin

Vasili Nikitich Mitrokhin (Васи́лий Ники́тич Митро́хин; March 3, 1922 – January 23, 2004) was a major and senior archivist for the Soviet Union's foreign intelligence service, the First Chief Directorate of the KGB, who defected to the United Kingdom in 1992 after providing the British embassy in Riga with a vast collection of KGB files, which became known as the Mitrokhin Archive.

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Victorian era

In the history of the United Kingdom, the Victorian era was the period of Queen Victoria's reign, from 20 June 1837 until her death on 22 January 1901.

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Video game

A video game is an electronic game that involves interaction with a user interface to generate visual feedback on a video device such as a TV screen or computer monitor.

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Virginia Hall

Virginia Hall Goillot (6 April 1906 – 8 July 1982) was an American spy with the British Special Operations Executive during World War II and later with the American Office of Strategic Services and the Special Activities Division of the Central Intelligence Agency.

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Washington, D.C.

Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington or D.C., is the capital of the United States of America.

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Wesley Wark

Wesley K. Wark (born 1952) is an associate professor in the History department at the University of Toronto, and a faculty member of the Munk School of Global Affairs.

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A whistleblower (also written as whistle-blower or whistle blower) is a person who exposes any kind of information or activity that is deemed illegal, unethical, or not correct within an organization that is either private or public.

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Wikisource is an online digital library of free content textual sources on a wiki, operated by the Wikimedia Foundation.

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William Wickham (1761–1840)

William Wickham (11 November 1761 – 22 October 1840) was a British civil servant and politician who was a founder of British foreign secret service activities during the French Revolution, and was later a Privy Counsellor and Chief Secretary for Ireland.

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World War I

World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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Covert intelligence, Enemy agent, Esbionage, Espg., Espianoge, Espionage in World War II, Espionage in the American Revolution, Espionnage, Espoinage, Government agents, Intelligence agent, Intelligence and Counterintelligence, Intelligence and counterintelligence, King's Eyes and Ears, Legend (espionage), Russian spy, Secret Agents, Secret Service Agent, Secret agent, Secret agents, Spies and Secret Agents, Spy, Spy ring, Spying.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Espionage

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