240 relations: Acca sellowiana, Acetic acid, Acid, Acid anhydride, Acid dissociation constant, Acrylic acid, Acyl chloride, Adduct, Adhesive, Alcohol, Aldehyde, Alkene, Alkoxide, Alkoxy group, Alkyl, Allyl hexanoate, Amide, Amine, Amino acid, Ammonia, Amyl acetate, Apple, Apricot, Aroma compound, Aryl, Azeotrope, Baeyer–Villiger oxidation, Banana, Benzyl acetate, Blackberry, Borate, Boric acid, Bornyl acetate, Boronic acid, Bouveault–Blanc reduction, Bunte salt, Butter, Butyl acetate, Butyl butyrate, Cananga odorata, Caprylic acid, Carboalkoxylation, Carbonic acid, Carbonyl group, Carboxylic acid, Catalysis, Cellulose acetate, Chalcogen, Chan rearrangement, Cheese, ..., Chemical compound, Chemical reaction, Chemical Reviews, Chemistry, Cherry, Cinnamon, Claisen condensation, Conformational isomerism, Copper chromite, Covalent bond, Cream, Cyanate ester, Dean–Stark apparatus, Dehydration reaction, Diazomethane, Dieckmann condensation, Diisobutylaluminium hydride, Dimethyl terephthalate, Dimethylformamide, Distillation, DNA, Durian, Enol, Essential oil, Ester, Ester pyrolysis, Ethanol, Ether, Ethyl acetate, Ethyl benzoate, Ethyl butyrate, Ethyl cinnamate, Ethyl formate, Ethyl heptanoate, Ethyl hexanoate, Ethyl isovalerate, Ethyl lactate, Ethyl pentanoate, Ethylene carbonate, Ethylene glycol, Fat, Fatty acid, Fatty acid ester, Fatty alcohol, Favorskii rearrangement, Finkelstein reaction, Fischer–Speier esterification, Flavor, Flower, Formic acid, Fráter–Seebach alkylation, Fries rearrangement, Fruit, Gamma-Valerolactone, Gas chromatography, Geranyl acetate, Germolene, Glyceride, Glycerol, Grape, Grignard reaction, Haloalkane, Hemiacetal, Honey, Hydrochloric acid, Hydrogen bond, Hydrogenation, Hydrolysis, Hydroxamic acid, Hydroxide, Infrared spectroscopy, Isoamyl acetate, Isobutyl acetate, Isobutyl formate, Isobutylene, Isocyanate, Isopropyl acetate, Jasmine, Journal of the American Chemical Society, Ketone, Lactone, Lavandula, Le Chatelier's principle, Lemon, Leopold Gmelin, Linalyl acetate, Lipid, Lithium aluminium hydride, Lossen rearrangement, Malonic acid, Malonic ester synthesis, Metal carbonyl, Methanol, Methyl acetate, Methyl anthranilate, Methyl benzoate, Methyl butyrate, Methyl cinnamate, Methyl formate, Methyl group, Methyl pentanoate, Methyl phenylacetate, Methyl salicylate, Mitsunobu reaction, Model aircraft, Moiety (chemistry), Molecular sieve, N,N'-Dicyclohexylcarbodiimide, N-Butanol, Nail polish, Nitrate, Nitrate ester, Nitric acid, Nitrile, Nitroglycerin, Nucleophilic abstraction, Octyl acetate, Oligoester, Orange (fruit), Organochloride, Organophosphate, Organosulfate, Organosulfur compounds, Orthoester, Orthoformic acid, Oxygen, Ozonolysis, Paint, Palladium, Parsnip, Peach, Pear, Pear drop, Pelargonium, Pentyl butyrate, Pentyl hexanoate, Pentyl pentanoate, Peptide synthesis, Phase-transfer catalyst, Phenol, Pheromone, Phosphite ester, Phosphodiester bond, Phosphoric acid, Pine, Pineapple, Pinner reaction, Plastic, Polyester, Polyethylene terephthalate, Polymer, Polyolester, Polystyrene sulfonate, Product (chemistry), Propionic acid, Propyl acetate, Propyl hexanoate, Protecting group, Protic solvent, Ralgex, Raspberry, Root beer, Rum, Salvia officinalis, Saponification, Scale model, Sodium methoxide, Steglich esterification, Strawberry, Sulfenic acid, Sulfinic acid, Sulfite, Sulfonate, Sulfuric acid, Sweetness, Thioester, Thiosulfinate, Toluene, Transesterification, Triethylsilane, Triglyceride, Triphenyl phosphate, Trivial name, Vinyl acetate, Vinyl alcohol, Vinyl ester resin, Wine, Wintergreen, Work-up (chemistry), 4-Dimethylaminopyridine. Expand index (190 more) » « Shrink index
Acca sellowiana, a species of flowering plant in the myrtle family, Myrtaceae, is native to the highlands of southern Brazil, eastern Paraguay, Uruguay, northern Argentina, and Colombia.
Acetic acid, systematically named ethanoic acid, is a colourless liquid organic compound with the chemical formula CH3COOH (also written as CH3CO2H or C2H4O2).
An acid is a molecule or ion capable of donating a hydron (proton or hydrogen ion H+), or, alternatively, capable of forming a covalent bond with an electron pair (a Lewis acid).
An acid anhydride is formed when two acid structures combine with loss of a water molecule.
An acid dissociation constant, Ka, (also known as acidity constant, or acid-ionization constant) is a quantitative measure of the strength of an acid in solution.
Acrylic acid (IUPAC: propenoic acid) is an organic compound with the formula CH2.
In organic chemistry, an acyl chloride (or acid chloride) is an organic compound with the functional group -COCl. Their formula is usually written RCOCl, where R is a side chain.
An adduct (from the Latin adductus, "drawn toward" alternatively, a contraction of "addition product") is a product of a direct addition of two or more distinct molecules, resulting in a single reaction product containing all atoms of all components.
An adhesive, also known as glue, cement, mucilage, or paste, is any substance applied to one surface, or both surfaces, of two separate items that binds them together and resists their separation.
In chemistry, an alcohol is any organic compound in which the hydroxyl functional group (–OH) is bound to a carbon.
An aldehyde or alkanal is an organic compound containing a functional group with the structure −CHO, consisting of a carbonyl center (a carbon double-bonded to oxygen) with the carbon atom also bonded to hydrogen and to an R group, which is any generic alkyl or side chain.
In organic chemistry, an alkene is an unsaturated hydrocarbon that contains at least one carbon–carbon double bond.
An alkoxide is the conjugate base of an alcohol and therefore consists of an organic group bonded to a negatively charged oxygen atom.
In chemistry, the alkoxy group is an alkyl (carbon and hydrogen chain) group singularly bonded to oxygen; thus R–O.
In organic chemistry, an alkyl substituent is an alkane missing one hydrogen.
Allyl hexanoate is an organic compound with the formula C5H11CO2CH2CH.
An amide (or or), also known as an acid amide, is a compound with the functional group RnE(O)xNR′2 (R and R′ refer to H or organic groups).
In organic chemistry, amines are compounds and functional groups that contain a basic nitrogen atom with a lone pair.
Amino acids are organic compounds containing amine (-NH2) and carboxyl (-COOH) functional groups, along with a side chain (R group) specific to each amino acid.
Ammonia is a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen with the formula NH3.
Amyl acetate (pentyl acetate) is an organic compound and an ester with the chemical formula CH3COO4CH3 and the molecular weight 130.19g/mol.
An apple is a sweet, edible fruit produced by an apple tree (Malus pumila).
An apricot is a fruit, or the tree that bears the fruit, of several species in the genus Prunus (stone fruits).
An aroma compound, also known as an odorant, aroma, fragrance, or flavor, is a chemical compound that has a smell or odor.
In the context of organic molecules, aryl is any functional group or substituent derived from an aromatic ring, usually an aromatic hydrocarbon, such as phenyl and naphthyl.
An azeotrope (gK, US) or a constant boiling point mixture is a mixture of two or more liquids whose proportions cannot be altered or changed by simple distillation.
The Baeyer–Villiger oxidation is an organic reaction that forms an ester from a ketone or a lactone from a cyclic ketone, using peroxyacids or peroxides as the oxidant.
A banana is an edible fruit – botanically a berry – produced by several kinds of large herbaceous flowering plants in the genus Musa.
Benzyl acetate is an organic compound with the molecular formula C9H10O2.
The blackberry is an edible fruit produced by many species in the genus Rubus in the family Rosaceae, hybrids among these species within the subgenus Rubus, and hybrids between the subgenera Rubus and Idaeobatus.
Borates are the name for a large number of boron-containing oxyanions.
Boric acid, also called hydrogen borate, boracic acid, orthoboric acid and acidum boricum, is a weak, monobasic Lewis acid of boron, which is often used as an antiseptic, insecticide, flame retardant, neutron absorber, or precursor to other chemical compounds.
Bornyl acetate is a chemical compound.
A boronic acid is a compound related to boric acid in which one of the three hydroxyl groups is replaced by an alkyl or aryl group.
The Bouveault–Blanc reduction is a chemical reaction in which an ester is reduced to primary alcohols using absolute ethanol and sodium metal.
In organosulfur chemistry, a Bunte salt is an archaic name for functional group with the formula RSSO3–.
Butter is a dairy product containing up to 80% butterfat (in commercial products) which is solid when chilled and at room temperature in some regions and liquid when warmed.
n-Butyl acetate, also known as butyl ethanoate, is an ester which is a colorless flammable liquid at room temperature.
Butyl butyrate, or butyl butanoate, is an organic compound that is an ester formed by the condensation of butyric acid and ''n''-butanol.
Cananga odorata, known as the cananga tree, is a tropical tree that is native to Indonesia, Malaysia, and the Philippines.
Caprylic acid is the common name for the eight-carbon saturated fatty acid known by the systematic name octanoic acid.
In industrial chemistry, carboalkoxylation is a process for converting alkenes to esters.
Carbonic acid is a chemical compound with the chemical formula H2CO3 (equivalently OC(OH)2).
In organic chemistry, a carbonyl group is a functional group composed of a carbon atom double-bonded to an oxygen atom: C.
A carboxylic acid is an organic compound that contains a carboxyl group (C(.
Catalysis is the increase in the rate of a chemical reaction due to the participation of an additional substance called a catalysthttp://goldbook.iupac.org/C00876.html, which is not consumed in the catalyzed reaction and can continue to act repeatedly.
Cellulose acetate is the acetate ester of cellulose.
The chalcogens are the chemical elements in group 16 of the periodic table.
The Chan rearrangement is a chemical reaction that involves rearranging an acyloxy acetate (1) in the presence of a strong base to a 2-hydroxy-3-keto-ester (2).
Cheese is a dairy product derived from milk that is produced in a wide range of flavors, textures, and forms by coagulation of the milk protein casein.
A chemical compound is a chemical substance composed of many identical molecules (or molecular entities) composed of atoms from more than one element held together by chemical bonds.
A chemical reaction is a process that leads to the transformation of one set of chemical substances to another.
Chemical Reviews is peer-reviewed scientific journal published twice per month by the American Chemical Society.
Chemistry is the scientific discipline involved with compounds composed of atoms, i.e. elements, and molecules, i.e. combinations of atoms: their composition, structure, properties, behavior and the changes they undergo during a reaction with other compounds.
A cherry is the fruit of many plants of the genus Prunus, and is a fleshy drupe (stone fruit).
Cinnamon is a spice obtained from the inner bark of several tree species from the genus Cinnamomum.
The Claisen condensation is a carbon–carbon bond forming reaction that occurs between two esters or one ester and another carbonyl compound in the presence of a strong base, resulting in a β-keto ester or a β-diketone.
In chemistry, conformational isomerism is a form of stereoisomerism in which the isomers can be interconverted just by rotations about formally single bonds (refer to figure on single bond rotation).
Copper chromite is an inorganic compound with the formula Cu2Cr2O5 which is used to catalyze reactions in organic synthesis.
A covalent bond, also called a molecular bond, is a chemical bond that involves the sharing of electron pairs between atoms.
Cream is a dairy product composed of the higher-butterfat layer skimmed from the top of milk before homogenization.
Cyanate esters are chemical substances in which the hydrogen atom of the phenolic OH group is substituted by a cyanide group.
Collection vessel The Dean–Stark apparatus, Dean–Stark receiver, distilling trap, or Dean–Stark Head is a piece of laboratory glassware used in synthetic chemistry to collect water (or occasionally other liquid) from a reactor.
In chemistry and the biological sciences, a dehydration reaction, also known as Zimmer's hydrogenesis, is a chemical reaction that involves the loss of a water molecule from the reacting molecule.
Diazomethane is the chemical compound CH2N2, discovered by German chemist Hans von Pechmann in 1894.
The Dieckmann condensation is the intramolecular chemical reaction of diesters with base to give β-keto esters.
Diisobutylaluminium hydride (DIBALH, DIBAL, DIBAL-H or DIBAH) is a reducing agent with the formula (i-Bu2AlH)2, where i-Bu represents isobutyl (-CH2CH(CH3)2).
Dimethyl terephthalate (DMT) is an organic compound with the formula C6H4(CO2CH3)2.
Dimethylformamide is an organic compound with the formula (CH3)2NC(O)H.
Distillation is the process of separating the components or substances from a liquid mixture by selective boiling and condensation.
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a thread-like chain of nucleotides carrying the genetic instructions used in the growth, development, functioning and reproduction of all known living organisms and many viruses.
The durian is the fruit of several tree species belonging to the genus Durio.
Enols, or more formally, alkenols, are a type of reactive structure or intermediate in organic chemistry that is represented as an alkene (olefin) with a hydroxyl group attached to one end of the alkene double bond.
An essential oil is a concentrated hydrophobic liquid containing volatile (defined as "the tendency of a substance to vaporize") aroma compounds from plants.
In chemistry, an ester is a chemical compound derived from an acid (organic or inorganic) in which at least one –OH (hydroxyl) group is replaced by an –O–alkyl (alkoxy) group.
Ester pyrolysis in organic chemistry is a vacuum pyrolysis reaction converting esters containing a β-hydrogen atom into the corresponding carboxylic acid and the alkene.
Ethanol, also called alcohol, ethyl alcohol, grain alcohol, and drinking alcohol, is a chemical compound, a simple alcohol with the chemical formula.
Ethers are a class of organic compounds that contain an ether group—an oxygen atom connected to two alkyl or aryl groups.
Ethyl acetate (systematically ethyl ethanoate, commonly abbreviated EtOAc or EA) is the organic compound with the formula, simplified to.
Ethyl benzoate, C9H10O2, is the ester formed by the condensation of benzoic acid and ethanol.
Ethyl butyrate, also known as ethyl butanoate, or butyric ether, is an ester with the chemical formula CH3CH2CH2COOCH2CH3.
Ethyl cinnamate is the ester of cinnamic acid and ethanol.
Ethyl formate is an ester formed when ethanol (an alcohol) reacts with formic acid (a carboxylic acid).
Ethyl heptanoate is the ester resulting from the condensation of heptanoic acid and ethanol.
Ethyl hexanoate is the ester resulting from the condensation of hexanoic acid and ethanol.
Ethyl isovalerate is an organic compound that is the ester formed from ethyl alcohol and isovaleric acid.
Ethyl lactate, also known as lactic acid ethyl ester, is a monobasic ester formed from lactic acid and ethanol, commonly used as a solvent.
Ethyl pentanoate, also commonly known as ethyl valerate, is an organic compound used in flavors.
Ethylene carbonate (sometimes abbreviated EC) is the organic compound with the formula (CH2O)2CO.
Ethylene glycol (IUPAC name: ethane-1,2-diol) is an organic compound with the formula (CH2OH)2.
Fat is one of the three main macronutrients, along with carbohydrate and protein.
In chemistry, particularly in biochemistry, a fatty acid is a carboxylic acid with a long aliphatic chain, which is either saturated or unsaturated.
Fatty acid esters (FAEs) are a type of ester that result from the combination of a fatty acid with an alcohol.
Fatty alcohols (or long-chain alcohols) are usually high-molecular-weight, straight-chain primary alcohols, but can also range from as few as 4–6 carbons to as many as 22–26, derived from natural fats and oils.
The Favorskii rearrangement, named for the Russian chemist Alexei Yevgrafovich Favorskii, is most principally a rearrangement of cyclopropanones and α-halo ketones which leads to carboxylic acid derivatives.
The Finkelstein reaction (often referred to as a halex reaction or halogen exchange) named after the German chemist Hans Finkelstein, is an SN2 reaction (Substitution Nucleophilic Bimolecular reaction) that involves the exchange of one halogen atom for another.
Fischer esterification or Fischer–Speier esterification is a special type of esterification by refluxing a carboxylic acid and an alcohol in the presence of an acid catalyst.
Flavor (American English) or flavour (British English; see spelling differences) is the sensory impression of food or other substance, and is determined primarily by the chemical senses of taste and smell.
A flower, sometimes known as a bloom or blossom, is the reproductive structure found in flowering plants (plants of the division Magnoliophyta, also called angiosperms).
Formic acid, systematically named methanoic acid, is the simplest carboxylic acid.
In organic chemistry, the Fráter–Seebach alkylation (also known as Seebach–Fráter alkylation or Fráter–Seebach reaction) is a diastereoselective alkylation of chiral beta-hydroxy esters using strong bases.
The Fries rearrangement reaction is one of the important reactions in organic chemistry.
In botany, a fruit is the seed-bearing structure in flowering plants (also known as angiosperms) formed from the ovary after flowering.
γ-Valerolactone (GVL) is an organic compound with the formula C5H8O2.
Gas chromatography (GC) is a common type of chromatography used in analytical chemistry for separating and analyzing compounds that can be vaporized without decomposition.
Geranyl acetate is a natural organic compound that is classified as a monoterpene.
Germolene is a brand name used on a range of antiseptic products produced by the Bayer company, which in 1999 bought the brand from the then–Smithkline Beecham.
Glycerides, more correctly known as acylglycerols, are esters formed from glycerol and fatty acids.
Glycerol (also called glycerine or glycerin; see spelling differences) is a simple polyol compound.
A grape is a fruit, botanically a berry, of the deciduous woody vines of the flowering plant genus Vitis.
The Grignard reaction (pronounced) is an organometallic chemical reaction in which alkyl, vinyl, or aryl-magnesium halides (Grignard reagents) add to a carbonyl group in an aldehyde or ketone.
The haloalkanes (also known as halogenoalkanes or alkyl halides) are a group of chemical compounds derived from alkanes containing one or more halogens.
A hemiacetal or a hemiketal is a compound that results from the addition of an alcohol to an aldehyde or a ketone, respectively.
Honey is a sweet, viscous food substance produced by bees and some related insects.
Hydrochloric acid is a colorless inorganic chemical system with the formula.
A hydrogen bond is a partially electrostatic attraction between a hydrogen (H) which is bound to a more electronegative atom such as nitrogen (N), oxygen (O), or fluorine (F), and another adjacent atom bearing a lone pair of electrons.
Hydrogenation – to treat with hydrogen – is a chemical reaction between molecular hydrogen (H2) and another compound or element, usually in the presence of a catalyst such as nickel, palladium or platinum.
Hydrolysis is a term used for both an electro-chemical process and a biological one.
A hydroxamic acid is a class of organic compounds bearing the functional group RC(O)N(OH)R', with R and R' as organic residues and CO as a carbonyl group.
Hydroxide is a diatomic anion with chemical formula OH−.
Infrared spectroscopy (IR spectroscopy or vibrational spectroscopy) involves the interaction of infrared radiation with matter.
Isoamyl acetate, also known as isopentyl acetate, is an organic compound that is the ester formed from isoamyl alcohol and acetic acid.
The chemical compound isobutyl acetate, also known as 2-methylpropyl ethanoate (IUPAC name) or β-methylpropyl acetate, is a common solvent.
Isobutyl formate (2-methylpropyl methanoate) is an organic ester with the chemical formula C5H10O2.
Isobutylene (or 2-methylpropene) is a hydrocarbon of industrial significance.
Isocyanate is the functional group with the formula R–N.
Isopropyl acetate is an ester, an organic compound which is the product of esterification of acetic acid and isopropanol.
Jasmine (taxonomic name Jasminum) is a genus of shrubs and vines in the olive family (Oleaceae).
The Journal of the American Chemical Society (also known as JACS) is a weekly peer-reviewed scientific journal that was established in 1879 by the American Chemical Society.
In chemistry, a ketone (alkanone) is an organic compound with the structure RC(.
Lactones are cyclic esters of hydroxycarboxylic acids, containing a 1-oxacycloalkan-2-one structure, or analogues having unsaturation or heteroatoms replacing one or more carbon atoms of the ring.
Lavandula (common name lavender) is a genus of 47 known species of flowering plants in the mint family, Lamiaceae.
Le Chatelier's principle, also called Chatelier's principle or "The Equilibrium Law", can be used to predict the effect of a change in conditions on some chemical equilibria.
The lemon, Citrus limon (L.) Osbeck, is a species of small evergreen tree in the flowering plant family Rutaceae, native to Asia.
Leopold Gmelin (2 August 1788 – 13 April 1853) was a German chemist.
Linalyl acetate is a naturally occurring phytochemical found in many flowers and spice plants.
In biology and biochemistry, a lipid is a biomolecule that is soluble in nonpolar solvents.
Lithium aluminium hydride, commonly abbreviated to LAH, is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula LiAlH4.
The Lossen rearrangement is the conversion of a hydroxamic acid (1) to an isocyanate (3) via the formation of an O-acyl, sulfonyl, or phosphoryl intermediate hydroxamic acid O-derivative (2) and then conversion to its conjugate base.
Malonic acid (IUPAC systematic name: propanedioic acid) is a dicarboxylic acid with structure CH2(COOH)2.
The malonic ester synthesis is a chemical reaction where diethyl malonate or another ester of malonic acid is alkylated at the carbon alpha (directly adjacent) to both carbonyl groups, and then converted to a substituted acetic acid.
Metal carbonyls are coordination complexes of transition metals with carbon monoxide ligands.
Methanol, also known as methyl alcohol among others, is a chemical with the formula CH3OH (a methyl group linked to a hydroxyl group, often abbreviated MeOH).
Methyl acetate, also known as MeOAc, acetic acid methyl ester or methyl ethanoate, is a carboxylate ester with the formula CH3COOCH3.
Methyl anthranilate, also known as MA, methyl 2-aminobenzoate, or carbomethoxyaniline, is an ester of anthranilic acid.
Methyl benzoate is an organic compound.
Methyl butyrate, also known under the systematic name methyl butanoate, is the methyl ester of butyric acid.
Methyl cinnamate is the methyl ester of cinnamic acid and is a white or transparent solid with a strong, aromatic odor.
Methyl formate, also called methyl methanoate, is the methyl ester of formic acid.
A methyl group is an alkyl derived from methane, containing one carbon atom bonded to three hydrogen atoms — CH3.
Methyl phenylacetate is an organic compound that is the ester formed from methanol and phenylacetic acid, with the structural formula C6H5CH2COOCH3.
Methyl salicylate (oil of wintergreen or wintergreen oil) is an organic compound with the formula C6H4(OH)(CO2CH3).
The Mitsunobu reaction is an organic reaction that converts an alcohol into a variety of functional groups, such as an ester, using triphenylphosphine and an azodicarboxylate such as diethyl azodicarboxylate (DEAD) or diisopropyl azodicarboxylate (DIAD).
A model aircraft is a small sized unmanned aircraft or, in the case of a scale model, a replica of an existing or imaginary aircraft.
In organic chemistry, a moiety is a part of a molecule.
A molecular sieve is a material with pores (very small holes) of uniform size.
N,N'-Dicyclohexylcarbodiimide is an organic compound with the chemical formula C13H22N2 whose primary use is to couple amino acids during artificial peptide synthesis.
n-Butanol or n-butyl alcohol or normal butanol is a primary alcohol with a 4-carbon structure and the chemical formula C4H9OH.
Nail polish (also known as nail varnish) is a lacquer that can be applied to the human fingernail or toenails to decorate and protect the nail plates.
Nitrate is a polyatomic ion with the molecular formula and a molecular mass of 62.0049 u.
A nitrate ester is the organic functional group with the formula RONO2, where R stands for any organic residue.
Nitric acid (HNO3), also known as aqua fortis (Latin for "strong water") and spirit of niter, is a highly corrosive mineral acid.
A nitrile is any organic compound that has a −C≡N functional group.
Nitroglycerin (NG), also known as nitroglycerine, trinitroglycerin (TNG), trinitroglycerine, nitro, glyceryl trinitrate (GTN), or 1,2,3-trinitroxypropane, is a heavy, colorless, oily, explosive liquid most commonly produced by nitrating glycerol with white fuming nitric acid under conditions appropriate to the formation of the nitric acid ester.
Nucleophilic abstraction is a type of an organometallic reaction which can be defined as a nucleophilic attack on a ligand which causes part or all of the original ligand to be removed from the metal along with the nucleophile.
Octyl acetate, or octyl ethanoate, is an organic compound with the formula CH3(CH2)7O2CCH3.
An oligoester is an ester oligomer chain containing a small number of repeating ester units (monomers).
The orange is the fruit of the citrus species ''Citrus'' × ''sinensis'' in the family Rutaceae.
An organochloride, organochlorine compound, chlorocarbon, or chlorinated hydrocarbon is an organic compound containing at least one covalently bonded atom of chlorine that has an effect on the chemical behavior of the molecule.
Organophosphates (also known as phosphate esters) are a class of organophosphorus compounds with the general structure O.
Organosulfates are a class of organic compounds sharing a common functional group commonly with the structure R-O-SO3−.
Organosulfur compounds are organic compounds that contain sulfur.
In organic chemistry, an orthoester is a functional group containing three alkoxy groups attached to one carbon atom, i.e. with the general formula RC(OR′)3.
Not to be confused with methanethiol. Orthoformic acid or methanetriol is a hypothetical compound with the formula HC(OH)3.
Oxygen is a chemical element with symbol O and atomic number 8.
Ozonolysis is an organic reaction where the unsaturated bonds of alkenes, alkynes, or azo compounds are cleaved with ozone.
Paint is any liquid, liquefiable, or mastic composition that, after application to a substrate in a thin layer, converts to a solid film.
Palladium is a chemical element with symbol Pd and atomic number 46.
The parsnip (Pastinaca sativa) is a root vegetable closely related to the carrot and parsley.
The peach (Prunus persica) is a deciduous tree native to the region of Northwest China between the Tarim Basin and the north slopes of the Kunlun Mountains, where it was first domesticated and cultivated.
The pear is any of several tree and shrub species of genus Pyrus, in the family Rosaceae.
A pear drop is a British boiled sweet made from sugar and flavourings.
Pelargonium is a genus of flowering plants which includes about 200 species of perennials, succulents, and shrubs, commonly known as geraniums (in the United States also storksbills).
Pentyl butyrate, also known as pentyl butanoate or amyl butyrate, is an ester that is formed when pentanol is reacted with butyric acid,, Cameo Chemicals, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration usually in the presence of sulfuric acid as a catalyst.
Pentyl hexanoate (C5H11COO.C5H11) is an ester found in apple and pineapple fruits.
Pentyl pentanoate (C4H9COOC5H11) is an ester used in dilute solution to replicate the scent or flavour of apple, and sometimes pineapple.
In organic chemistry, peptide synthesis is the production of peptides, compounds where multiple amino acids are linked via amide bonds, also known as peptide bonds.
In chemistry, a phase-transfer catalyst or PTC is a catalyst that facilitates the migration of a reactant from one phase into another phase where reaction occurs.
Phenol, also known as phenolic acid, is an aromatic organic compound with the molecular formula C6H5OH.
A pheromone (from Ancient Greek φέρω phero "to bear" and hormone, from Ancient Greek ὁρμή "impetus") is a secreted or excreted chemical factor that triggers a social response in members of the same species.
In chemistry a phosphite ester or organophosphite usually refers to an organophosphorous compound with the formula P(OR)3.
A phosphodiester bond occurs when exactly two of the hydroxyl groups in phosphoric acid react with hydroxyl groups on other molecules to form two ester bonds.
Phosphoric acid (also known as orthophosphoric acid or phosphoric(V) acid) is a mineral (inorganic) and weak acid having the chemical formula H3PO4.
A pine is any conifer in the genus Pinus,, of the family Pinaceae.
The pineapple (Ananas comosus) is a tropical plant with an edible multiple fruit consisting of coalesced berries, also called pineapples, and the most economically significant plant in the family Bromeliaceae.
The Pinner reaction refers to the acid catalysed reaction of a nitrile with an alcohol to form an imino ester salt (alkyl imidate salt); this is sometimes referred to as a Pinner salt.
Plastic is material consisting of any of a wide range of synthetic or semi-synthetic organic compounds that are malleable and so can be molded into solid objects.
Polyester is a category of polymers that contain the ester functional group in their main chain.
Polyethylene terephthalate (sometimes written poly(ethylene terephthalate)), commonly abbreviated PET, PETE, or the obsolete PETP or PET-P, is the most common thermoplastic polymer resin of the polyester family and is used in fibres for clothing, containers for liquids and foods, thermoforming for manufacturing, and in combination with glass fibre for engineering resins.
A polymer (Greek poly-, "many" + -mer, "part") is a large molecule, or macromolecule, composed of many repeated subunits.
Polyolester oil (POE oil) is a type of synthetic oil used in refrigeration compressors that is compatible with the refrigerants R-134a, R-410A and R-12.
Polystyrene sulfonates are polymers derived from polystyrene by the addition of sulfonate functional groups.
Products are the species formed from chemical reactions.
Propionic acid (from the Greek words protos, meaning "first", and pion, meaning "fat"; also known as propanoic acid) is a naturally occurring carboxylic acid with chemical formula C2H5COOH.
Propyl acetate, also known as propyl ethanoate, is a chemical compound used as a solvent and an example of an ester.
Propyl hexanoate (C9H18O2), also known as propyl caproate, is an ester formed by the reaction of propanol with hexanoic acid.
A protecting group or protective group is introduced into a molecule by chemical modification of a functional group to obtain chemoselectivity in a subsequent chemical reaction.
In chemistry, a protic solvent is a solvent that has a hydrogen atom bound to an oxygen (as in a hydroxyl group) or a nitrogen (as in an amine group).
Ralgex Spray is a spray designed to soothe painful muscles and joints in humans when applied to the skin.
The raspberry is the edible fruit of a multitude of plant species in the genus Rubus of the rose family, most of which are in the subgenus Idaeobatus; the name also applies to these plants themselves.
Root beer is a sweet North American soft drink traditionally made using the sassafras tree Sassafras albidum (sassafras) or the vine Smilax ornata (sarsaparilla) as the primary flavor.
Rum is a distilled alcoholic beverage made from sugarcane byproducts, such as molasses or honeys, or directly from sugarcane juice, by a process of fermentation and distillation.
Salvia officinalis (sage, also called garden sage, common sage, or culinary sage) is a perennial, evergreen subshrub, with woody stems, grayish leaves, and blue to purplish flowers.
Saponification is a process that produces soap.
A scale model is most generally a physical representation of an object, which maintains accurate relationships between all important aspects of the model, although absolute values of the original properties need not be preserved.
Sodium methoxide is a chemical compound with the formula CH3ONa.
The Steglich esterification is a variation of an esterfication with dicyclohexylcarbodiimide as a coupling reagent and 4-dimethylaminopyridine as a catalyst.
The garden strawberry (or simply strawberry; Fragaria × ananassa) is a widely grown hybrid species of the genus Fragaria, collectively known as the strawberries.
A sulfenic acid is an organosulfur compound and oxoacid with the general formula RSOH.
Sulfinic acids are oxoacids of sulfur with the structure RSO(OH).
Sulfites or sulphites are compounds that contain the sulfite ion (or the sulfate(IV) ion, from its correct systematic name),.
A sulfonate is a salt or ester of a sulfonic acid.
Sulfuric acid (alternative spelling sulphuric acid) is a mineral acid with molecular formula H2SO4.
Sweetness is a basic taste most commonly perceived when eating foods rich in sugars.
In chemistry thioesters are compounds with the functional group R–S–CO–R'.
In organosulfur chemistry, thiosulfinate is a functional group consisting of the linkage R-S(O)-S-R (R are organic substituents).
Toluene, also known as toluol, is an aromatic hydrocarbon.
In organic chemistry, transesterfication is the process of exchanging the organic group R″ of an ester with the organic group R′ of an alcohol.
Triethylsilane is a silane with the molecular formula C6H16Si.
A triglyceride (TG, triacylglycerol, TAG, or triacylglyceride) is an ester derived from glycerol and three fatty acids (from tri- and glyceride).
Triphenyl phosphate (TPhP) is the chemical compound with the formula OP(OC6H5)3.
In chemistry, a trivial name is a nonsystematic name for a chemical substance.
Vinyl acetate is an organic compound with the formula CH3CO2CH.
Vinyl alcohol, also called ethenol (IUPAC name), is the simplest enol.
Vinyl ester resin, or often just vinyl ester, is a resin produced by the esterification of an epoxy resin with acrylic or methacrylic acids.
Wine is an alcoholic beverage made from grapes fermented without the addition of sugars, acids, enzymes, water, or other nutrients.
Wintergreen is a group of aromatic plants.
In chemistry, work-up refers to the series of manipulations required to isolate and purify the product(s) of a chemical reaction.
4-Dimethylaminopyridine (DMAP) is a derivative of pyridine with the chemical formula (CH3)2NC5H4N.
Acetyloxy, Alkyl carboxylate, CO2R, COOR, Carboxylate ester, Carboxylic acid ester, Carboxylic ester, Diester, Diesters, Ester bond, Ester compound, Ester group, Ester hydrolysis, Ester linkage, Esterfication, Esterification, Esterified, Esterolysis, Esters, Ethyl ester, Methyl ester, Monoester, Natural esters, Phosphoric ester, RCOOR, RCOOR', Synthetic esters, Triester.