51 relations: Acetyl group, Acetylcholine, Acetylcholinesterase, Acetylesterase, Acid, Alcohol, Alkaline phosphatase, Asymmetric ester hydrolysis with pig-liver esterase, Blood plasma, Butyrylcholinesterase, Carboxylic acid, CGMP-specific phosphodiesterase type 5, Chemical reaction, Cholinesterase, Cyclic adenosine monophosphate, Deoxyribonuclease, Endodeoxyribonuclease, Endonuclease, Endoribonuclease, Enzyme, Ester, Exodeoxyribonuclease, Exonuclease, Exoribonuclease, Fructose 1,6-bisphosphatase, Functional group, Gluconeogenesis, Hemagglutinin esterase, Hydrolase, Hydrolysis, Leukocyte esterase, Lipase, List of enzymes, Liver, Neurotransmitter, Nuclease, Pectinesterase, Phosphatase, Phosphate, Phosphodiesterase, Phosphomonoesters, Phosphoric monoester hydrolases, Properties of water, Protein structure, Ribonuclease, Second messenger system, Sildenafil, Substrate (chemistry), Sulfatase, Thioesterase, ..., Ubiquitin carboxy-terminal hydrolase L1. Expand index (1 more) » « Shrink index
In organic chemistry, acetyl is a moiety, the acyl with chemical formula CH3CO.
Acetylcholine (ACh) is an organic chemical that functions in the brain and body of many types of animals, including humans, as a neurotransmitter—a chemical message released by nerve cells to send signals to other cells.
Acetylcholinesterase, encoded by HGNC gene ACHE; EC 184.108.40.206) is the primary cholinesterase in the body. It is an enzyme that catalyzes the breakdown of acetylcholine and of some other choline esters that function as neurotransmitters. AChE is found at mainly neuromuscular junctions and in chemical synapses of the cholinergic type, where its activity serves to terminate synaptic transmission. It belongs to carboxylesterase family of enzymes. It is the primary target of inhibition by organophosphorus compounds such as nerve agents and pesticides.
In enzymology, an acetylesterase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are acetic ester and H2O, whereas its two products are alcohol and acetate.
An acid is a molecule or ion capable of donating a hydron (proton or hydrogen ion H+), or, alternatively, capable of forming a covalent bond with an electron pair (a Lewis acid).
In chemistry, an alcohol is any organic compound in which the hydroxyl functional group (–OH) is bound to a carbon.
Alkaline phosphatase (ALP, ALKP, ALPase, Alk Phos) or basic phosphatase is a homodimeric protein enzyme of 86 kilodaltons.
Asymmetric ester hydrolysis with pig liver esterase is the enantioselective conversion of an ester to a carboxylic acid through the action of the enzyme pig liver esterase (EC 220.127.116.11).
Blood plasma is a yellowish coloured liquid component of blood that normally holds the blood cells in whole blood in suspension; this makes plasma the extracellular matrix of blood cells.
Butyrylcholinesterase (HGNC symbol BCHE; EC 18.104.22.168) also known as BChE, BuChE, pseudocholinesterase, or plasma (cholin)esterase, is a nonspecific cholinesterase enzyme that hydrolyses many different choline-based esters.
A carboxylic acid is an organic compound that contains a carboxyl group (C(.
cGMP-specific phosphodiesterase type 5 is an enzyme from the phosphodiesterase class.
A chemical reaction is a process that leads to the transformation of one set of chemical substances to another.
In biochemistry, a cholinesterase or choline esterase is an esterase that lyses choline-based esters, several of which serve as neurotransmitters.
Cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP, cyclic AMP, or 3',5'-cyclic adenosine monophosphate) is a second messenger important in many biological processes.
A deoxyribonuclease (DNase, for short) is an enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolytic cleavage of phosphodiester linkages in the DNA backbone, thus degrading DNA.
Endodeoxyribonuclease are both endonucleases and deoxyribonucleases.
Endonucleases are enzymes that cleave the phosphodiester bond within a polynucleotide chain.
An Endoribonuclease is a ribonuclease endonuclease.
Enzymes are macromolecular biological catalysts.
In chemistry, an ester is a chemical compound derived from an acid (organic or inorganic) in which at least one –OH (hydroxyl) group is replaced by an –O–alkyl (alkoxy) group.
Exodeoxyribonucleases are both exonucleases and deoxyribonucleases.
Exonucleases are enzymes that work by cleaving nucleotides one at a time from the end (exo) of a polynucleotide chain.
An exoribonuclease is an exonuclease ribonuclease, which are enzymes that degrade RNA by removing terminal nucleotides from either the 5' end or the 3' end of the RNA molecule.
Fructose bisphosphatase is an enzyme that converts fructose-1,6-bisphosphate to fructose 6-phosphate in gluconeogenesis and the Calvin cycle which are both anabolic pathways.
In organic chemistry, functional groups are specific substituents or moieties within molecules that are responsible for the characteristic chemical reactions of those molecules.
Gluconeogenesis (GNG) is a metabolic pathway that results in the generation of glucose from certain non-carbohydrate carbon substrates.
Hemagglutininesterase is a protein of the envelope of some viruses.
Hydrolase is a class of enzyme that is commonly used as biochemical catalysts that utilize water to break a chemical bond.
Hydrolysis is a term used for both an electro-chemical process and a biological one.
Leukocyte esterase (LE) is an esterase (a type of enzyme) produced by leukocytes (white blood cells).
A lipase is any enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of fats (lipids).
This page lists enzymes by their classification in the International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology's Enzyme Commission numbering system.
The liver, an organ only found in vertebrates, detoxifies various metabolites, synthesizes proteins, and produces biochemicals necessary for digestion.
Neurotransmitters are endogenous chemicals that enable neurotransmission.
A nuclease (also archaically known as nucleodepolymerase or polynucleotidase) is an enzyme capable of cleaving the phosphodiester bonds between monomers of nucleic acids.
Pectinesterase (PE) is a ubiquitous cell-wall-associated enzyme that presents several isoforms that facilitate plant cell wall modification and subsequent breakdown.
A phosphatase is an enzyme that uses water to cleave a phosphoric acid monoester into a phosphate ion and an alcohol.
A phosphate is chemical derivative of phosphoric acid.
A phosphodiesterase (PDE) is an enzyme that breaks a phosphodiester bond.
Phosphomonoesters (or phosphoric esters) are chemical compounds containing one ester bond and a phosphate group.
Phosphoric monoester hydrolases (or phosphomonoesterases) are enzymes that catalyse the hydrolysis of O-P bonds by nucleophilic attack of phosphorus by cysteine residues or coordinated metal ions.
Water is a polar inorganic compound that is at room temperature a tasteless and odorless liquid, which is nearly colorless apart from an inherent hint of blue. It is by far the most studied chemical compound and is described as the "universal solvent" and the "solvent of life". It is the most abundant substance on Earth and the only common substance to exist as a solid, liquid, and gas on Earth's surface. It is also the third most abundant molecule in the universe. Water molecules form hydrogen bonds with each other and are strongly polar. This polarity allows it to separate ions in salts and strongly bond to other polar substances such as alcohols and acids, thus dissolving them. Its hydrogen bonding causes its many unique properties, such as having a solid form less dense than its liquid form, a relatively high boiling point of 100 °C for its molar mass, and a high heat capacity. Water is amphoteric, meaning that it is both an acid and a base—it produces + and - ions by self-ionization.
Protein structure is the three-dimensional arrangement of atoms in an amino acid-chain molecule.
Ribonuclease (commonly abbreviated RNase) is a type of nuclease that catalyzes the degradation of RNA into smaller components.
Second messengers are intracellular signaling molecules released by the cell in response to exposure to extracellular signaling molecules—the first messengers.
Sildenafil, sold as the brand name Viagra among others, is a medication used to treat erectile dysfunction and pulmonary arterial hypertension.
In chemistry, a substrate is typically the chemical species being observed in a chemical reaction, which reacts with a reagent to generate a product.
Sulfatases are enzymes of the esterase class that catalyze the hydrolysis of sulfate esters.
Thioesterases are enzymes which belong to the esterase family.
Ubiquitin carboxy-terminal hydrolase L1 (ubiquitin C-terminal hydrolase, UCH-L1) is a deubiquitinating enzyme.