137 relations: ALOHAnet, Application-specific integrated circuit, ARCNET, ARP spoofing, Ars Technica, Attachment Unit Interface, Backward compatibility, Bit rate, BNC connector, Bob Garner, Broadcast radiation, Broadcasting (networking), Butler Lampson, Carrier-sense multiple access with collision detection, Central processing unit, Chaosnet, Charles P. Thacker, Cisco Systems, Coaxial cable, Collision, Collision domain, Communications of the ACM, Computer network, Cut-through switching, Cyclic redundancy check, Data in transit, Data link layer, Data terminal equipment, Datagram, David Boggs, David Liddle, Digital Equipment Corporation, Douglas Comer, Duplex (telecommunications), Ethernet, Ethernet crossover cable, Ethernet frame, Ethernet hub, Ethernet over twisted pair, EtherType, Fast Ethernet, Fiber Distributed Data Interface, Fiber media converter, Frame (networking), Frame check sequence, General Motors, Gigabit Ethernet, Hop (networking), IEEE 802, IEEE 802.11, ..., IEEE 802.1aq, IEEE 802.3, Industrial Ethernet, InfiniBand, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Intel, International Data Group, International Electrotechnical Commission, International Organization for Standardization, Internet Protocol, IPv4, IS-IS, Jumbo frame, Kalpana (company), LattisNet, Liaison officer, Link aggregation, Link-state routing protocol, List of interface bit rates, Local area network, LocalTalk, Luminiferous aether, MAC address, MAC flooding, Medium access control, Medium Attachment Unit, Metro Ethernet, Metropolitan area network, Mobile device, Modular connector, Motherboard, Multibus, Multicast, Multilayer switch, Network interface controller, Network packet, Network segment, Network switch, Optical fiber, OSI model, Parallel port, PARC (company), Partisan (political), PDP-11, PHY (chip), Physical layer, Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet, Power over Ethernet, Promiscuous mode, Proprietary protocol, Protocol stack, Retransmission (data networks), RG-58, Robert Metcalfe, Ron Crane, Shared medium, Siemens, Sneakernet, Spanning Tree Protocol, Standing wave, Star network, StarLAN, Store and forward, Sun Microsystems, Switching loop, Syncword, SynOptics, Terabit Ethernet, Token bus network, Token passing, Token ring, TOP500, Transceiver, Twisted pair, Unibus, VAX, Virtual LAN, Wake-on-LAN, Wi-Fi, Wide area network, Workstation, Xerox, Xerox Star, 10BASE2, 10BASE5, 3Com, 5-4-3 rule. Expand index (87 more) » « Shrink index
ALOHAnet, also known as the ALOHA System, or simply ALOHA, was a pioneering computer networking system developed at the University of Hawaii.
An Application-Specific Integrated Circuit (ASIC), is an integrated circuit (IC) customized for a particular use, rather than intended for general-purpose use.
Attached Resource Computer NETwork (ARCNET or ARCnet) is a communications protocol for local area networks.
In computer networking, ARP spoofing, ARP cache poisoning, or ARP poison routing, is a technique by which an attacker sends (spoofed) Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) messages onto a local area network.
Ars Technica (a Latin-derived term that the site translates as the "art of technology") is a website covering news and opinions in technology, science, politics, and society, created by Ken Fisher and Jon Stokes in 1998.
The Attachment Unit Interface (AUI) is a physical and logical interface defined in the original IEEE 802.3 standard for 10BASE5 Ethernet.
Backward compatibility is a property of a system, product, or technology that allows for interoperability with an older legacy system, or with input designed for such a system, especially in telecommunications and computing.
In telecommunications and computing, bit rate (bitrate or as a variable R) is the number of bits that are conveyed or processed per unit of time.
The BNC (Bayonet Neill–Concelman) connector is a miniature quick connect/disconnect radio frequency connector used for coaxial cable.
Robert Garner (born c. 1935) is a former American football player who played with the Los Angeles Chargers and Oakland Raiders.
Broadcast radiation is the accumulation of broadcast and multicast traffic on a computer network.
In computer networking, telecommunication and information theory, broadcasting is a method of transferring a message to all recipients simultaneously.
Butler W. Lampson (born December 23, 1943) is an American computer scientist best known for his contributions to the development and implementation of distributed personal computing.
Carrier-sense multiple access with collision detection (CSMA/CD) is a media access control method used most notably in early Ethernet technology for local area networking.
A central processing unit (CPU) is the electronic circuitry within a computer that carries out the instructions of a computer program by performing the basic arithmetic, logical, control and input/output (I/O) operations specified by the instructions.
Chaosnet was first developed by Thomas Knight and Jack Holloway at MIT's AI Lab in 1975 and thereafter.
Charles Patrick "Chuck" Thacker (February 26, 1943 – June 12, 2017) was an American pioneer computer designer.
Cisco Systems, Inc. is an American multinational technology conglomerate headquartered in San Jose, California, in the center of Silicon Valley, that develops, manufactures and sells networking hardware, telecommunications equipment and other high-technology services and products.
Cross-sectional view of a coaxial cable Coaxial cable, or coax (pronounced), is a type of electrical cable that has an inner conductor surrounded by a tubular insulating layer, surrounded by a tubular conducting shield.
A collision is an event in which two or more bodies exert forces on each other for a relatively short time.
A collision domain is a network segment connected by a shared medium or through repeaters where data packets may collide with one another while being sent.
Communications of the ACM is the monthly journal of the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM).
A computer network, or data network, is a digital telecommunications network which allows nodes to share resources.
In computer networking, cut-through switching, also called cut-through forwarding is a method for packet switching systems, wherein the switch starts forwarding a frame (or packet) before the whole frame has been received, normally as soon as the destination address is processed.
A cyclic redundancy check (CRC) is an error-detecting code commonly used in digital networks and storage devices to detect accidental changes to raw data.
Data in transit is defined into two categories, information that flows over the public or untrusted network such as the internet and data which flows in the confines of a private network such as a corporate or enterprise Local Area Network (LAN).
The data link layer, or layer 2, is the second layer of the seven-layer OSI model of computer networking.
Data terminal equipment (DTE) is an end instrument that converts user information into signals or reconverts received signals.
A datagram is a basic transfer unit associated with a packet-switched network.
David Reeves Boggs (born 1950) is an electrical and radio engineer from the United States who developed early prototypes of Internet protocols, file servers, gateways, network interface cards and, along with Robert Metcalfe and others, co-invented Ethernet, the most popular family of technologies for local area computer networks.
David Liddle is co-founder of Interval Research Corporation, consulting professor of computer science at Stanford University, and credited with heading development of the groundbreaking Xerox Star computer system.
Digital Equipment Corporation, also known as DEC and using the trademark Digital, was a major American company in the computer industry from the 1950s to the 1990s.
Douglas Earl Comer is a professor of computer science at Purdue University, where he teaches courses on operating systems and computer networks.
A duplex communication system is a point-to-point system composed of two or more connected parties or devices that can communicate with one another in both directions.
Ethernet is a family of computer networking technologies commonly used in local area networks (LAN), metropolitan area networks (MAN) and wide area networks (WAN).
An Ethernet crossover cable is a crossover cable for Ethernet used to connect computing devices together directly.
A data unit on an Ethernet link transports an Ethernet frame as its payload.
An Ethernet hub, active hub, network hub, repeater hub, multiport repeater, or simply hub is a network hardware device for connecting multiple Ethernet devices together and making them act as a single network segment.
Ethernet over twisted pair technologies use twisted-pair cables for the physical layer of an Ethernet computer network.
EtherType is a two-octet field in an Ethernet frame.
In computer networking, Fast Ethernet is a collective term for a number of Ethernet standards that carry traffic at the nominal rate of 100 Mbit/s (the earlier Ethernet speed was 10 Mbit/s).
Fiber Distributed Data Interface (FDDI) is a standard for data transmission in a local area network.
A fiber media converter is a simple networking device that makes it possible to connect two dissimilar media types such as twisted pair with fiber optic cabling.
A frame is a digital data transmission unit in computer networking and telecommunication.
A frame check sequence (FCS) refers to the extra error-detecting code added to a frame in a communications protocol.
General Motors Company, commonly referred to as General Motors (GM), is an American multinational corporation headquartered in Detroit that designs, manufactures, markets, and distributes vehicles and vehicle parts, and sells financial services.
In computer networking, Gigabit Ethernet (GbE or 1 GigE) is a term describing various technologies for transmitting Ethernet frames at a rate of a gigabit per second (1,000,000,000 bits per second), as defined by the IEEE 802.3-2008 standard.
In computer networking, a hop is one portion of the path between source and destination.
IEEE 802 is a family of IEEE standards dealing with local area networks and metropolitan area networks.
IEEE 802.11 is a set of media access control (MAC) and physical layer (PHY) specifications for implementing wireless local area network (WLAN) computer communication in the 900 MHz and 2.4, 3.6, 5, and 60 GHz frequency bands.
Shortest Path Bridging (SPB), specified in the IEEE 802.1aq standard, is a computer networking technology intended to simplify the creation and configuration of networks, while enabling multipath routing.
IEEE 802.3 is a working group and a collection of Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) standards produced by the working group defining the physical layer and data link layer's media access control (MAC) of wired Ethernet.
Industrial Ethernet (IE) is the use of Ethernet in an industrial environment with protocols that provide determinism and real-time control.
InfiniBand (abbreviated IB) is a computer-networking communications standard used in high-performance computing that features very high throughput and very low latency.
The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) is a professional association with its corporate office in New York City and its operations center in Piscataway, New Jersey.
Intel Corporation (stylized as intel) is an American multinational corporation and technology company headquartered in Santa Clara, California, in the Silicon Valley.
International Data Group, Inc. (IDG) is a Chinese-owned, American-based media, data and marketing services and venture capital organization.
The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC; in French: Commission électrotechnique internationale) is an international standards organization that prepares and publishes International Standards for all electrical, electronic and related technologies – collectively known as "electrotechnology".
The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is an international standard-setting body composed of representatives from various national standards organizations.
The Internet Protocol (IP) is the principal communications protocol in the Internet protocol suite for relaying datagrams across network boundaries.
Internet Protocol version 4 (IPv4) is the fourth version of the Internet Protocol (IP).
Intermediate System to Intermediate System (IS-IS) is a routing protocol designed to move information efficiently within a computer network, a group of physically connected computers or similar devices.
In computer networking, jumbo frames or jumbos are Ethernet frames with more than 1500 bytes of payload, the limit set by the IEEE 802.3 standard.
Kalpana, a computer-networking equipment manufacturer located in Silicon Valley, operated during the 1980s and 1990s.
LattisNet was a family of computer networking hardware and software products built and sold by SynOptics Communications (also rebranded by Western Digital) during the 1980s.
A liaison officer is a person who liaises between two organizations to communicate and coordinate their activities.
In computer networking, the term link aggregation applies to various methods of combining (aggregating) multiple network connections in parallel in order to increase throughput beyond what a single connection could sustain, and to provide redundancy in case one of the links should fail.
Link-state routing protocols are one of the two main classes of routing protocols used in packet switching networks for computer communications, the other being distance-vector routing protocols.
This is a list of interface bit rates, is a measure of information transfer rates, or digital bandwidth capacity, at which digital interfaces in a computer or network can communicate over various kinds of buses and channels.
A local area network (LAN) is a computer network that interconnects computers within a limited area such as a residence, school, laboratory, university campus or office building.
LocalTalk is a particular implementation of the physical layer of the AppleTalk networking system from Apple Computer.
In the late 19th century, luminiferous aether or ether ("luminiferous", meaning "light-bearing"), was the postulated medium for the propagation of light.
A media access control address (MAC address) of a device is a unique identifier assigned to a network interface controller (NIC) for communications at the data link layer of a network segment.
In computer networking, a media access control attack or MAC flooding is a technique employed to compromise the security of network switches.
In IEEE 802 LAN/MAN standards, the medium access control (MAC) sublayer (also known as the media access control sublayer) and the logical link control (LLC) sublayer together make up the data link layer.
A Medium Attachment Unit (MAU) is a transceiver which converts signals on an Ethernet cable to and from Attachment Unit Interface (AUI) signals.
A metropolitan-area Ethernet, Ethernet MAN, or metro Ethernet network is a metropolitan area network (MAN) that is based on Ethernet standards.
A metropolitan area network (MAN) is a that interconnects users with computer resources in a geographic area or region larger than that covered by even a large local area network (LAN) but smaller than the area covered by a wide area network (WAN).
A mobile device (or handheld computer) is a computing device small enough to hold and operate in the hand.
A modular connector is an electrical connector that was originally designed for use in telephone wiring, but has since been used for many other purposes.
A motherboard (sometimes alternatively known as the mainboard, system board, baseboard, planar board or logic board, or colloquially, a mobo) is the main printed circuit board (PCB) found in general purpose microcomputers and other expandable systems.
Multibus is a computer bus standard used in industrial systems.
In computer networking, multicast is group communication where data transmission is addressed to a group of destination computers simultaneously.
A multilayer switch (MLS) is a computer networking device that switches on OSI layer 2 like an ordinary network switch and provides extra functions on higher OSI layers.
A network interface controller (NIC, also known as a network interface card, network adapter, LAN adapter or physical network interface, and by similar terms) is a computer hardware component that connects a computer to a computer network.
A network packet is a formatted unit of data carried by a packet-switched network.
A network segment is a portion of a computer network.
A network switch (also called switching hub, bridging hub, officially MAC bridge) is a computer networking device that connects devices together on a computer network by using packet switching to receive, process, and forward data to the destination device.
An optical fiber or optical fibre is a flexible, transparent fiber made by drawing glass (silica) or plastic to a diameter slightly thicker than that of a human hair.
The Open Systems Interconnection model (OSI model) is a conceptual model that characterizes and standardizes the communication functions of a telecommunication or computing system without regard to its underlying internal structure and technology.
A parallel port is a type of interface found on computers (personal and otherwise) for connecting peripherals.
PARC (Palo Alto Research Center; formerly Xerox PARC) is a research and development company in Palo Alto, California, with a distinguished reputation for its contributions to information technology and hardware systems.
In politics, a partisan is a committed member of a political party or political coalitions.
The PDP-11 is a series of 16-bit minicomputers sold by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) from 1970 into the 1990s, one of a succession of products in the PDP series.
PHY is an abbreviation for the physical layer of the OSI model and refers to the circuitry required to implement physical layer functions.
In the seven-layer OSI model of computer networking, the physical layer or layer 1 is the first and lowest layer.
The Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet (PPPoE) is a network protocol for encapsulating PPP frames inside Ethernet frames.
Power over Ethernet or PoE describes any of several standard or ad-hoc systems which pass electric power along with data on twisted pair Ethernet cabling.
In computer networking, promiscuous mode is a mode for a wired network interface controller (NIC) or wireless network interface controller (WNIC) that causes the controller to pass all traffic it receives to the central processing unit (CPU) rather than passing only the frames that the controller is specifically programmed to receive.
In telecommunications, a proprietary protocol is a communications protocol owned by a single organization or individual.
The protocol stack or network stack is an implementation of a computer networking protocol suite or protocol family.
Retransmission, essentially identical with Automatic repeat request (ARQ), is the resending of packets which have been either damaged or lost.
RG-58/U is a type of coaxial cable often used for low-power signal and RF connections.
Robert Melancton Metcalfe (born April 7, 1946) is an electrical engineer from the United States who co-invented Ethernet, founded 3Com and formulated Metcalfe's Law.
Ronald "Ron" C. Crane (June 1, 1950 - June 19, 2017) was an American electrical engineer recognized for designing the EtherLink, the first network interface controller for the IBM PC.
In telecommunication, a shared medium is a medium or channel of information transfer that serves more than one user at the same time.
Siemens AG is a German conglomerate company headquartered in Berlin and Munich and the largest industrial manufacturing company in Europe with branch offices abroad.
Sneakernet is an informal term for the transfer of electronic information by physically moving media such as magnetic tape, floppy disks, compact discs, USB flash drives or external hard drives from one computer to another; rather than transmitting the information over a computer network.
The Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) is a network protocol that builds a loop-free logical topology for Ethernet networks.
In physics, a standing wave – also known as a stationary wave – is a wave which oscillates in time but whose peak amplitude profile does not move in space.
A Star network is one of the most common computer network topologies.
StarLAN was the first IEEE 802.3 standard for Ethernet over twisted pair wiring.
Store and forward is a telecommunications technique in which information is sent to an intermediate station where it is kept and sent at a later time to the final destination or to another intermediate station.
Sun Microsystems, Inc. was an American company that sold computers, computer components, software, and information technology services and created the Java programming language, the Solaris operating system, ZFS, the Network File System (NFS), and SPARC.
A Switching loop or bridge loop occurs in computer networks when there is more than one Layer 2 (OSI model) path between two endpoints (e.g. multiple connections between two network switches or two ports on the same switch connected to each other).
In computer networks, a syncword, sync character, sync sequence or preamble is used to synchronize a data transmission by indicating the end of header information and the start of data.
SynOptics Communications was a Santa Clara, California-based early computer network equipment vendor from 1985 until 1994.
Terabit Ethernet or TbE is used to describe speeds of Ethernet above 100 Gbit/s.
Token bus is a network implementing the token ring protocol over a virtual ring on a coaxial cable.
On a local area network, token passing is a channel access method where a signal called a token is passed between nodes to authorize that node to communicate.
MAU b) Using several MAUs connected to each other Token ring network IBM hermaphroditic connector with locking clip Token Ring local area network (LAN) technology is a communications protocol for local area networks.
The TOP500 project ranks and details the 500 most powerful non-distributed computer systems in the world.
A transceiver is a device comprising both a transmitter and a receiver that are combined and share common circuitry or a single housing.
Twisted pair cabling is a type of wiring in which two conductors of a single circuit are twisted together for the purposes of improving electromagnetic compatibility.
The Unibus was the earliest of several computer bus and backplane designs used with PDP-11 and early VAX systems manufactured by the Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) of Maynard, Massachusetts.
VAX is a discontinued instruction set architecture (ISA) developed by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) in the mid-1970s.
A virtual LAN (VLAN) is any broadcast domain that is partitioned and isolated in a computer network at the data link layer (OSI layer 2).
Wake-on-LAN (WoL) is an Ethernet or token ring computer networking standard that allows a computer to be turned on or awakened by a network message.
Wi-Fi or WiFi is technology for radio wireless local area networking of devices based on the IEEE 802.11 standards.
A wide area network (WAN) is a telecommunications network or computer network that extends over a large geographical distance/place.
A workstation is a special computer designed for technical or scientific applications.
Xerox Corporation (also known as Xerox, stylized as xerox since 2008, and previously as XEROX or XeroX from 1960 to 2008) is an American global corporation that sells print and digital document solutions, and document technology products in more than 160 countries.
The Star workstation, officially named Xerox 8010 Information System, was the first commercial system to incorporate various technologies that have since become standard in personal computers, including a bitmapped display, a window-based graphical user interface, icons, folders, mouse (two-button), Ethernet networking, file servers, print servers, and e-mail.
10BASE2 (also known as cheapernet, thin Ethernet, thinnet, and thinwire) is a variant of Ethernet that uses thin coaxial cable terminated with BNC connectors.
10BASE5 (also known as thick Ethernet or thicknet) was the first commercially available variant of Ethernet.
3Com Corporation was a digital electronics manufacturer best known for its computer network products.
The 5-4-3 rule also referred to as the IEEE way (contrary to the Ethernet way) is a design guideline for Ethernet computer networks covering the number of repeaters and segments on shared-access Ethernet backbones in a tree topology.
ENET, Embedded Ethernet, Ether net, Ethernet cable, Ethernet network, Ethernet port, Ethernets, Full-duplex Ethernet, Full-duplex ethernet, Higher Speed Ethernet, Jabber (Networking), Jabber (networking), Original Ethernet, Xerox Ethernet.