65 relations: Address Resolution Protocol, AppleTalk, Bit rate, Buffer underrun, Carrier-sense multiple access with collision detection, Collision (telecommunications), Cyclic redundancy check, Data link layer, DECnet, Digital Equipment Corporation, Duplex mismatch, Encapsulation (networking), Ethernet, Ethernet frame, Ethernet over twisted pair, Ethernet physical layer, EtherType, Fast Ethernet, Fiber Distributed Data Interface, Frame (networking), Frame check sequence, Gigabit Ethernet, IEEE 802, IEEE 802.11, IEEE 802.11p, IEEE 802.1ad, IEEE 802.1Q, IEEE 802.2, IEEE 802.3, IEEE P802.1p, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Intel, Internet Protocol, Internet Standard, Internetwork Packet Exchange, Interpacket gap, IPv4, IPv6, Jumbo frame, Logical link control, MAC address, Macintosh operating systems, Maximum transmission unit, Media-independent interface, NetWare, Network interface controller, Network packet, Nibble, Novell, Octet (computing), ..., Ones' complement, OSI model, Overhead (computing), Packet analyzer, PHY (chip), Physical layer, Quality of service, Subnetwork Access Protocol, Symbol rate, Syncword, Throughput, Token ring, Virtual LAN, Xerox, 8b/10b encoding. Expand index (15 more) » « Shrink index
The Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) is a communication protocol used for discovering the link layer address, such as a MAC address, associated with a given network layer address, typically an IPv4 address.
AppleTalk was a proprietary suite of networking protocols developed by Apple Inc. for their Macintosh computers.
In telecommunications and computing, bit rate (bitrate or as a variable R) is the number of bits that are conveyed or processed per unit of time.
In computing, buffer underrun or buffer underflow is a state occurring when a buffer used to communicate between two devices or processes is fed with data at a lower speed than the data is being read from it.
Carrier-sense multiple access with collision detection (CSMA/CD) is a media access control method used most notably in early Ethernet technology for local area networking.
A collision is the situation that occurs when two or more demands are made simultaneously on equipment that can handle only one at any given instant.
A cyclic redundancy check (CRC) is an error-detecting code commonly used in digital networks and storage devices to detect accidental changes to raw data.
The data link layer, or layer 2, is the second layer of the seven-layer OSI model of computer networking.
DECnet is a suite of network protocols created by Digital Equipment Corporation.
Digital Equipment Corporation, also known as DEC and using the trademark Digital, was a major American company in the computer industry from the 1950s to the 1990s.
On an Ethernet connection, a duplex mismatch is a condition where two connected devices operate in different duplex modes, that is, one operates in half duplex while the other one operates in full duplex.
In computer networking, encapsulation is a method of designing modular communication protocols in which logically separate functions in the network are abstracted from their underlying structures by inclusion or information hiding within higher level objects.
Ethernet is a family of computer networking technologies commonly used in local area networks (LAN), metropolitan area networks (MAN) and wide area networks (WAN).
A data unit on an Ethernet link transports an Ethernet frame as its payload.
Ethernet over twisted pair technologies use twisted-pair cables for the physical layer of an Ethernet computer network.
The Ethernet physical layer is the physical layer functionality of the Ethernet family of computer network standards.
EtherType is a two-octet field in an Ethernet frame.
In computer networking, Fast Ethernet is a collective term for a number of Ethernet standards that carry traffic at the nominal rate of 100 Mbit/s (the earlier Ethernet speed was 10 Mbit/s).
Fiber Distributed Data Interface (FDDI) is a standard for data transmission in a local area network.
A frame is a digital data transmission unit in computer networking and telecommunication.
A frame check sequence (FCS) refers to the extra error-detecting code added to a frame in a communications protocol.
In computer networking, Gigabit Ethernet (GbE or 1 GigE) is a term describing various technologies for transmitting Ethernet frames at a rate of a gigabit per second (1,000,000,000 bits per second), as defined by the IEEE 802.3-2008 standard.
IEEE 802 is a family of IEEE standards dealing with local area networks and metropolitan area networks.
IEEE 802.11 is a set of media access control (MAC) and physical layer (PHY) specifications for implementing wireless local area network (WLAN) computer communication in the 900 MHz and 2.4, 3.6, 5, and 60 GHz frequency bands.
IEEE 802.11p is an approved amendment to the IEEE 802.11 standard to add wireless access in vehicular environments (WAVE), a vehicular communication system.
IEEE 802.1adStandard approved 8 December 2005 and published May 26, 2006.
802.1Q, often referred to as Dot1q, is the networking standard that supports virtual LANs (VLANs) on an IEEE 802.3 Ethernet network.
IEEE 802.2 is the original name of the ISO/IEC 8802-2 standard which defines logical link control (LLC) as the upper portion of the data link layer of the OSI Model.
IEEE 802.3 is a working group and a collection of Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) standards produced by the working group defining the physical layer and data link layer's media access control (MAC) of wired Ethernet.
IEEE P802.1p is the name of a task group active from 1995 to 1998 and responsible for adding traffic class expediting and dynamic multicast filtering to the IEEE 802.1D standard.
The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) is a professional association with its corporate office in New York City and its operations center in Piscataway, New Jersey.
Intel Corporation (stylized as intel) is an American multinational corporation and technology company headquartered in Santa Clara, California, in the Silicon Valley.
The Internet Protocol (IP) is the principal communications protocol in the Internet protocol suite for relaying datagrams across network boundaries.
In computer network engineering, an Internet Standard is a normative specification of a technology or methodology applicable to the Internet.
Internetwork Packet Exchange (IPX) is the network layer protocol in the IPX/SPX protocol suite.
In computer networking, a minimal pause may be required between network packets or network frames.
Internet Protocol version 4 (IPv4) is the fourth version of the Internet Protocol (IP).
Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) is the most recent version of the Internet Protocol (IP), the communications protocol that provides an identification and location system for computers on networks and routes traffic across the Internet.
In computer networking, jumbo frames or jumbos are Ethernet frames with more than 1500 bytes of payload, the limit set by the IEEE 802.3 standard.
In the IEEE 802 reference model of computer networking, the logical link control (LLC) data communication protocol layer is the upper sublayer of the data link layer (layer 2) of the seven-layer OSI model.
A media access control address (MAC address) of a device is a unique identifier assigned to a network interface controller (NIC) for communications at the data link layer of a network segment.
The family of Macintosh operating systems developed by Apple Inc. includes the graphical user interface-based operating systems it has designed for use with its Macintosh series of personal computers since 1984, as well as the related system software it once created for compatible third-party systems.
In computer networking, the maximum transmission unit (MTU) is the size of the largest protocol data unit (PDU) that can be communicated in a single network layer transaction.
The media-independent interface (MII) was originally defined as a standard interface to connect a Fast Ethernet (i.e.) media access control (MAC) block to a PHY chip.
NetWare is a discontinued computer network operating system developed by Novell, Inc. It initially used cooperative multitasking to run various services on a personal computer, using the IPX network protocol.
A network interface controller (NIC, also known as a network interface card, network adapter, LAN adapter or physical network interface, and by similar terms) is a computer hardware component that connects a computer to a computer network.
A network packet is a formatted unit of data carried by a packet-switched network.
In computing, a nibble (occasionally nybble or nyble to match the spelling of byte) is a four-bit aggregation, or half an octet.
Novell, Inc. was a software and services company headquartered in Provo, Utah.
The octet is a unit of digital information in computing and telecommunications that consists of eight bits.
The ones' complement of a binary number is defined as the value obtained by inverting all the bits in the binary representation of the number (swapping 0s for 1s and vice versa).
The Open Systems Interconnection model (OSI model) is a conceptual model that characterizes and standardizes the communication functions of a telecommunication or computing system without regard to its underlying internal structure and technology.
In computer science, overhead is any combination of excess or indirect computation time, memory, bandwidth, or other resources that are required to perform a specific task.
A packet analyzer (also known as a packet sniffer) is a computer program or piece of computer hardware that can intercept and log traffic that passes over a digital network or part of a network.
PHY is an abbreviation for the physical layer of the OSI model and refers to the circuitry required to implement physical layer functions.
In the seven-layer OSI model of computer networking, the physical layer or layer 1 is the first and lowest layer.
Quality of service (QoS) is the description or measurement of the overall performance of a service, such as a telephony or computer network or a cloud computing service, particularly the performance seen by the users of the network.
The Subnetwork Access Protocol (SNAP) is a mechanism for multiplexing, on networks using IEEE 802.2 LLC, more protocols than can be distinguished by the 8-bit 802.2 Service Access Point (SAP) fields.
In digital communications, symbol rate, also known as baud rate and modulation rate, is the number of symbol changes, waveform changes, or signaling events, across the transmission medium per time unit using a digitally modulated signal or a line code.
In computer networks, a syncword, sync character, sync sequence or preamble is used to synchronize a data transmission by indicating the end of header information and the start of data.
In general terms, throughput is the maximum rate of production or the maximum rate at which something can be processed.
MAU b) Using several MAUs connected to each other Token ring network IBM hermaphroditic connector with locking clip Token Ring local area network (LAN) technology is a communications protocol for local area networks.
A virtual LAN (VLAN) is any broadcast domain that is partitioned and isolated in a computer network at the data link layer (OSI layer 2).
Xerox Corporation (also known as Xerox, stylized as xerox since 2008, and previously as XEROX or XeroX from 1960 to 2008) is an American global corporation that sells print and digital document solutions, and document technology products in more than 160 countries.
In telecommunications, 8b/10b is a line code that maps 8-bit words to 10-bit symbols to achieve DC-balance and bounded disparity, and yet provide enough state changes to allow reasonable clock recovery.
DIX Ethernet, End of data, End of frame, Espec-2 Frame, Ethernet Frame, Ethernet II, Ethernet II framing, Ethernet header, Ethernet ii framing, Ethernet packet, Runt frame, Start Frame Delimiter, Start frame delimiter.