88 relations: Acetaldehyde, Acetic acid, Acetone, Acetonitrile, Adhesive, Aldol, Alkali metal, Alkoxide, Alkylation, Anemia, Asphyxiant gas, Azeotrope, Benzene, Bleeding, Butanone, Butyl acetate, Carboxylic acid, Catalysis, Central nervous system, Cigarette, Coffee, Column chromatography, Compressed air, Confectionery, Conjunctiva, Cornea, Debye, Decaffeination, Dehydrogenation, Dendrite (metal), Diethyl ether, Diluent, Entomology, Ester, Ethanol, Ether, Ethylene, Fermentation in winemaking, Fischer–Speier esterification, Fractal, Fruit, Hepatotoxicity, Hydrolysis, Hygroscopy, Insect collecting, Irritation, IUPAC nomenclature of organic chemistry, Ketone, Killing jar, Liquid–liquid extraction, ..., List of additives in cigarettes, Membrane distillation, Methyl acetate, Mucous membrane, Nail polish, Organic acid, Organic compound, Oxygen, Paint, Pear drop, Perfume, Pharynx, Poise (unit), Properties of water, Propyl acetate, Pulmonary edema, Rare-earth element, Rash, Redox, Respiratory tract, Sensitization, Silicotungstic acid, Snowflake, Sodium acetate, Sodium hydroxide, Solvent, Tea, Tishchenko reaction, Transesterification, Vinegar, Viscosity, Volatility (chemistry), Wine, Wine fault, Yield (chemistry), Zeolite, Zinc, ZSM-5. Expand index (38 more) » « Shrink index
Acetaldehyde (systematic name ethanal) is an organic chemical compound with the formula CH3CHO, sometimes abbreviated by chemists as MeCHO (Me.
Acetic acid, systematically named ethanoic acid, is a colourless liquid organic compound with the chemical formula CH3COOH (also written as CH3CO2H or C2H4O2).
Acetone (systematically named propanone) is the organic compound with the formula (CH3)2CO.
Acetonitrile is the chemical compound with the formula.
An adhesive, also known as glue, cement, mucilage, or paste, is any substance applied to one surface, or both surfaces, of two separate items that binds them together and resists their separation.
An aldol or aldol adduct (from "Aldehyde alcohol") is a hydroxy ketone or aldehyde, and is the product of aldol addition (as opposed to aldol condensation, which produces an α,β-unsaturated carbonyl moiety).
The alkali metals are a group (column) in the periodic table consisting of the chemical elements lithium (Li), sodium (Na), potassium (K),The symbols Na and K for sodium and potassium are derived from their Latin names, natrium and kalium; these are still the names for the elements in some languages, such as German and Russian.
An alkoxide is the conjugate base of an alcohol and therefore consists of an organic group bonded to a negatively charged oxygen atom.
Alkylation is the transfer of an alkyl group from one molecule to another.
Anemia is a decrease in the total amount of red blood cells (RBCs) or hemoglobin in the blood, or a lowered ability of the blood to carry oxygen.
An asphyxiant gas is a nontoxic or minimally toxic gas which reduces or displaces the normal oxygen concentration in breathing air.
An azeotrope (gK, US) or a constant boiling point mixture is a mixture of two or more liquids whose proportions cannot be altered or changed by simple distillation.
Benzene is an important organic chemical compound with the chemical formula C6H6.
Bleeding, also known as hemorrhaging or haemorrhaging, is blood escaping from the circulatory system.
Butanone, also known as methyl ethyl ketone (MEK), is an organic compound with the formula CH3C(O)CH2CH3.
n-Butyl acetate, also known as butyl ethanoate, is an ester which is a colorless flammable liquid at room temperature.
A carboxylic acid is an organic compound that contains a carboxyl group (C(.
Catalysis is the increase in the rate of a chemical reaction due to the participation of an additional substance called a catalysthttp://goldbook.iupac.org/C00876.html, which is not consumed in the catalyzed reaction and can continue to act repeatedly.
The central nervous system (CNS) is the part of the nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord.
A cigarette is a narrow cylinder containing tobacco that is rolled into thin paper for smoking.
Coffee is a brewed drink prepared from roasted coffee beans, which are the seeds of berries from the Coffea plant.
Column chromatography in chemistry is a chromatography method used to isolate a single chemical compound from a mixture.
Compressed air is air kept under a pressure that is greater than atmospheric pressure.
Confectionery is the art of making confections, which are food items that are rich in sugar and carbohydrates.
The conjunctiva lines the inside of the eyelids and covers the sclera (the white of the eye).
The cornea is the transparent front part of the eye that covers the iris, pupil, and anterior chamber.
The debye (symbol: D) is a CGS unit (a non-SI metric unit) of electric dipole momentElectric dipole moment is defined as charge times displacement: |- |height.
Decaffeination is the removal of caffeine from coffee beans, cocoa, tea leaves, and other caffeine-containing materials.
Dehydrogenation is a chemical reaction that involves the removal of hydrogen from an organic molecule.
A dendrite in metallurgy is a characteristic tree-like structure of crystals growing as molten metal freezes, the shape produced by faster growth along energetically favourable crystallographic directions.
Diethyl ether, or simply ether, is an organic compound in the ether class with the formula, sometimes abbreviated as (see Pseudoelement symbols).
A diluent (also referred to as a filler, dilutant or thinner) is a diluting agent.
Entomology is the scientific study of insects, a branch of zoology.
In chemistry, an ester is a chemical compound derived from an acid (organic or inorganic) in which at least one –OH (hydroxyl) group is replaced by an –O–alkyl (alkoxy) group.
Ethanol, also called alcohol, ethyl alcohol, grain alcohol, and drinking alcohol, is a chemical compound, a simple alcohol with the chemical formula.
Ethers are a class of organic compounds that contain an ether group—an oxygen atom connected to two alkyl or aryl groups.
Ethylene (IUPAC name: ethene) is a hydrocarbon which has the formula or H2C.
The process of fermentation in winemaking turns grape juice into an alcoholic beverage.
Fischer esterification or Fischer–Speier esterification is a special type of esterification by refluxing a carboxylic acid and an alcohol in the presence of an acid catalyst.
In mathematics, a fractal is an abstract object used to describe and simulate naturally occurring objects.
In botany, a fruit is the seed-bearing structure in flowering plants (also known as angiosperms) formed from the ovary after flowering.
Hepatotoxicity (from hepatic toxicity) implies chemical-driven liver damage.
Hydrolysis is a term used for both an electro-chemical process and a biological one.
Hygroscopy is the phenomenon of attracting and holding water molecules from the surrounding environment, which is usually at normal or room temperature.
Insect collecting refers to the collection of insects and other arthropods for scientific study or as a hobby.
Irritation, in biology and physiology, is a state of inflammation or painful reaction to allergy or cell-lining damage.
In chemical nomenclature, the IUPAC nomenclature of organic chemistry is a systematic method of naming organic chemical compounds as recommended by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC).
In chemistry, a ketone (alkanone) is an organic compound with the structure RC(.
A killing jar is a device used by entomologists to kill captured insects quickly and with minimum damage.
Liquid–liquid extraction (LLE), also known as solvent extraction and partitioning, is a method to separate compounds or metal complexes, based on their relative solubilities in two different immiscible liquids, usually water (polar) and an organic solvent (non-polar).
This is the list of 599 additives in cigarettes submitted to the United States Department of Health and Human Services in April 1994.
Membrane distillation (MD) is a thermally driven separational program in which separation is enabled due to phase change.
Methyl acetate, also known as MeOAc, acetic acid methyl ester or methyl ethanoate, is a carboxylate ester with the formula CH3COOCH3.
A mucous membrane or mucosa is a membrane that lines various cavities in the body and covers the surface of internal organs.
Nail polish (also known as nail varnish) is a lacquer that can be applied to the human fingernail or toenails to decorate and protect the nail plates.
An organic acid is an organic compound with acidic properties.
In chemistry, an organic compound is generally any chemical compound that contains carbon.
Oxygen is a chemical element with symbol O and atomic number 8.
Paint is any liquid, liquefiable, or mastic composition that, after application to a substrate in a thin layer, converts to a solid film.
A pear drop is a British boiled sweet made from sugar and flavourings.
Perfume (parfum) is a mixture of fragrant essential oils or aroma compounds, fixatives and solvents, used to give the human body, animals, food, objects, and living-spaces an agreeable scent.
The pharynx (plural: pharynges) is the part of the throat that is behind the mouth and nasal cavity and above the esophagus and the larynx, or the tubes going down to the stomach and the lungs.
The poise (symbol P) is the unit of dynamic viscosity (absolute viscosity) in the centimetre–gram–second system of units.
Water is a polar inorganic compound that is at room temperature a tasteless and odorless liquid, which is nearly colorless apart from an inherent hint of blue. It is by far the most studied chemical compound and is described as the "universal solvent" and the "solvent of life". It is the most abundant substance on Earth and the only common substance to exist as a solid, liquid, and gas on Earth's surface. It is also the third most abundant molecule in the universe. Water molecules form hydrogen bonds with each other and are strongly polar. This polarity allows it to separate ions in salts and strongly bond to other polar substances such as alcohols and acids, thus dissolving them. Its hydrogen bonding causes its many unique properties, such as having a solid form less dense than its liquid form, a relatively high boiling point of 100 °C for its molar mass, and a high heat capacity. Water is amphoteric, meaning that it is both an acid and a base—it produces + and - ions by self-ionization.
Propyl acetate, also known as propyl ethanoate, is a chemical compound used as a solvent and an example of an ester.
Pulmonary edema is fluid accumulation in the tissue and air spaces of the lungs.
A rare-earth element (REE) or rare-earth metal (REM), as defined by IUPAC, is one of a set of seventeen chemical elements in the periodic table, specifically the fifteen lanthanides, as well as scandium and yttrium.
A rash is a change of the human skin which affects its color, appearance, or texture.
Redox (short for reduction–oxidation reaction) (pronunciation: or) is a chemical reaction in which the oxidation states of atoms are changed.
In humans, the respiratory tract is the part of the anatomy of the respiratory system involved with the process of respiration.
Sensitization is a non-associative learning process in which repeated administration of a stimulus results in the progressive amplification of a response.
Silicotungstic acid (also known as tungstosilicic acid) is the most commonly encountered heteropoly acid.
A snowflake is a single ice crystal that has achieved a sufficient size, and may have amalgamated with others, then falls through the Earth's atmosphere as snow.
Sodium acetate, CH3COONa, also abbreviated NaOAc, is the sodium salt of acetic acid.
Sodium hydroxide, also known as lye, is an inorganic compound with the formula NaOH. It is a white solid ionic compound consisting of sodium cations and hydroxide anions. Sodium hydroxide is a highly caustic base and alkali that decomposes proteins at ordinary ambient temperatures and may cause severe chemical burns. It is highly soluble in water, and readily absorbs moisture and carbon dioxide from the air. It forms a series of hydrates NaOH·n. The monohydrate NaOH· crystallizes from water solutions between 12.3 and 61.8 °C. The commercially available "sodium hydroxide" is often this monohydrate, and published data may refer to it instead of the anhydrous compound. As one of the simplest hydroxides, it is frequently utilized alongside neutral water and acidic hydrochloric acid to demonstrate the pH scale to chemistry students. Sodium hydroxide is used in many industries: in the manufacture of pulp and paper, textiles, drinking water, soaps and detergents, and as a drain cleaner. Worldwide production in 2004 was approximately 60 million tonnes, while demand was 51 million tonnes.
A solvent (from the Latin solvō, "loosen, untie, solve") is a substance that dissolves a solute (a chemically distinct liquid, solid or gas), resulting in a solution.
Tea is an aromatic beverage commonly prepared by pouring hot or boiling water over cured leaves of the Camellia sinensis, an evergreen shrub (bush) native to Asia.
The Tishchenko reaction is an organic chemical reaction that involves disproportionation of an aldehyde in the presence of an alkoxide.
In organic chemistry, transesterfication is the process of exchanging the organic group R″ of an ester with the organic group R′ of an alcohol.
Vinegar is a liquid consisting of about 5–20% acetic acid (CH3COOH), water (H2O), and trace chemicals that may include flavorings.
The viscosity of a fluid is the measure of its resistance to gradual deformation by shear stress or tensile stress.
In chemistry and physics, volatility is quantified by the tendency of a substance to vaporize.
Wine is an alcoholic beverage made from grapes fermented without the addition of sugars, acids, enzymes, water, or other nutrients.
A wine fault or defect is an unpleasant characteristic of a wine often resulting from poor winemaking practices or storage conditions, and leading to wine spoilage.
In chemistry, yield, also referred to as reaction yield, is the amount of product obtained in a chemical reaction.
Zeolites are microporous, aluminosilicate minerals commonly used as commercial adsorbents and catalysts.
Zinc is a chemical element with symbol Zn and atomic number 30.
ZSM-5, Zeolite Socony Mobil–5 (framework type MFI from ZSM-5 (five)), is an aluminosilicate zeolite belonging to the pentasil family of zeolites.
AcOEt, Acetic ester, Acetic ether, Acetidin, Acetoxyethane, Acid hydrolysis of ethyl acetate, CH3COOCH2CH3, CH3COOCH3CH2, E1504, Ester of ethanol, EtOAc, EtOac, Ethyl Acetate, Ethyl acetic ester, Ethyl ester of acetic acid, Ethyl etanoate, Ethyl ethanoate, Ethylacetate, EtoAc, Vinegar naphtha.