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Index Ethylene

Ethylene (IUPAC name: ethene) is a hydrocarbon which has the formula or H2C. [1]

168 relations: Abscission, Acetaldehyde, Acetylene, Acid catalysis, Alkane, Alkene, Alkylation, Alpha-olefin, Aluminium, Aluminium oxide, Aminocyclopropanecarboxylate oxidase, Aminooxyacetic acid, Anesthesiology, Angle, Anthesis, Arabidopsis thaliana, Asphyxiant gas, Atom, August Wilhelm von Hofmann, Auxin, Banana peel, Biosynthesis, BMC Biology, Bromeliaceae, Bromoethane, Carbon, Cellular respiration, China, Chlorine, Chloroethane, Chrysanthemum, Climacteric (botany), Code, Comonomer, Compression (physics), Coplanarity, Copolymer, Cracking (chemistry), Cyanobacteria, Cytokinin, Delphi, Detergent, Dianthus caryophyllus, Diethyl sulfate, Dimer (chemistry), Distillation, DNA, Dominance (genetics), Double bond, Electron density, ..., Electrophilic addition, Enzyme, Ethane, Ethanol, Ethoxylation, Ethyl group, Ethylbenzene, Ethylene glycol, Ethylene oxide, Europe, Fischer–Tropsch process, Flower, French Institute of Petroleum, Fruit, Gas to liquids, Gene, Gene family, Genome, Germany, Germination, Glycol ethers, Gravitropism, Halogenation, Hydrate, Hydration reaction, Hydrocarbon, Hydroformylation, Hydrogen, Hydrohalogenation, Hydrovinylation, Hypocotyl, Hyponastic response, Hypoxia (environmental), Incense, Indole-3-acetic acid, International Agency for Research on Cancer, International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Jan Ingenhousz, Johann Joachim Becher, Joseph Priestley, Leaf, Ligand, Liners, List of IARC Group 3 carcinogens, Methionine, Middle East, Missense mutation, Musk, Mutation, Nastic movements, Netherlands, NNFCC, Oligomer, Orbital hybridisation, Organic compound, Organometallic chemistry, Oxidative coupling of methane, Packaging and labeling, Pelargonium, Petiole (botany), Petrochemical industry, Petunia, Pineapple, Plant, Plant development, Plant hormone, Plant senescence, Plastic, Plastic shopping bag, Plasticizer, Pollination, Polyester, Polyethylene, Polyethylene terephthalate, Polymer, Polymerization, Polystyrene, Polyvinyl chloride, Polyvinylidene chloride, Precursor (chemistry), Propene, Propionaldehyde, Propionic acid, Protein dimer, Pythia, Redox, Reinforced carbon–carbon, Ripening, Root hair, Rose, S-Adenosyl methionine, Saturated and unsaturated compounds, Senescence, Shang Fa Yang, Spectroscopy, Stoma, Styrene, Styrene-butadiene, Sulfuric acid, Surfactant, Synthetic oil, Tetrachloroethylene, Tonne, Trichloroethylene, United States, Vinyl chloride, Xylem, Zeise's salt, 1,1,1-Trichloroethane, 1,2-Dibromoethane, 1,2-Dichloroethane, 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate synthase, 1-Aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid, 1-Butene, 1-Methylcyclopropene, 1-Propanol, 2-Butene, 4-Ethyltoluene. Expand index (118 more) »


Abscission (from Latin ab, "away", and scindere, "to cut'") is the shedding of various parts of an organism, such as a plant dropping a leaf, fruit, flower, or seed.

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Acetaldehyde (systematic name ethanal) is an organic chemical compound with the formula CH3CHO, sometimes abbreviated by chemists as MeCHO (Me.

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Acetylene (systematic name: ethyne) is the chemical compound with the formula C2H2.

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Acid catalysis

In acid catalysis and base catalysis a chemical reaction is catalyzed by an acid or a base.

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In organic chemistry, an alkane, or paraffin (a historical name that also has other meanings), is an acyclic saturated hydrocarbon.

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In organic chemistry, an alkene is an unsaturated hydrocarbon that contains at least one carbon–carbon double bond.

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Alkylation is the transfer of an alkyl group from one molecule to another.

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Alpha-olefins (or α-olefins) are a family of organic compounds which are alkenes (also known as olefins) with a chemical formula CxH2x, distinguished by having a double bond at the primary or alpha (α) position.

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Aluminium or aluminum is a chemical element with symbol Al and atomic number 13.

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Aluminium oxide

Aluminium oxide (British English) or aluminum oxide (American English) is a chemical compound of aluminium and oxygen with the chemical formula 23.

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Aminocyclopropanecarboxylate oxidase

In enzymology, an aminocyclopropanecarboxylate oxidase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction The 3 substrates of this enzyme are 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate, ascorbate, and O2, whereas its 5 products are ethylene, cyanide, dehydroascorbate, CO2, and H2O.

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Aminooxyacetic acid

Aminooxyacetic acid, often abbreviated AOA or AOAA, is a compound that inhibits 4-aminobutyrate aminotransferase (GABA-T) activity in vitro and in vivo, leading to less gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) being broken down.

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Anesthesiology (spelled anaesthesiology in UK English), called anaesthetics in UK English according to some sources but not according to others, is the medical speciality concerned with anesthesia (loss of sensation) and anesthetics (substances that cause this loss).

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In plane geometry, an angle is the figure formed by two rays, called the sides of the angle, sharing a common endpoint, called the vertex of the angle.

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Anthesis is the period during which a flower is fully open and functional.

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Arabidopsis thaliana

Arabidopsis thaliana, the thale cress, mouse-ear cress or arabidopsis, is a small flowering plant native to Eurasia and Africa.

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Asphyxiant gas

An asphyxiant gas is a nontoxic or minimally toxic gas which reduces or displaces the normal oxygen concentration in breathing air.

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An atom is the smallest constituent unit of ordinary matter that has the properties of a chemical element.

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August Wilhelm von Hofmann

August Wilhelm von Hofmann (8 April 18185 May 1892) was a German chemist.

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Auxins (plural of auxin) are a class of plant hormones (or plant growth regulators) with some morphogen-like characteristics.

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Banana peel

A banana peel, also called banana skin in British English, is the outer covering of the banana fruit.

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Biosynthesis (also called anabolism) is a multi-step, enzyme-catalyzed process where substrates are converted into more complex products in living organisms.

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BMC Biology

BMC Biology is an online open access scientific journal that publishes original, peer-reviewed research in all fields of biology, together with opinion and comment articles.

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The Bromeliaceae (the bromeliads) are a family of monocot flowering plants of 51 genera and around 3475 known species native mainly to the tropical Americas, with a few species found in the American subtropics and one in tropical west Africa, Pitcairnia feliciana.

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Bromoethane, also known as ethyl bromide, is a chemical compound of the haloalkanes group.

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Carbon (from carbo "coal") is a chemical element with symbol C and atomic number 6.

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Cellular respiration

Cellular respiration is a set of metabolic reactions and processes that take place in the cells of organisms to convert biochemical energy from nutrients into adenosine triphosphate (ATP), and then release waste products.

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China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.

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Chlorine is a chemical element with symbol Cl and atomic number 17.

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Chloroethane or monochloroethane, commonly known by its old name ethyl chloride, is a chemical compound with chemical formula, once widely used in producing tetraethyllead, a gasoline additive.

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Chrysanthemums, sometimes called mums or chrysanths, are flowering plants of the genus Chrysanthemum in the family Asteraceae.

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Climacteric (botany)

The climacteric is a stage of fruit ripening associated with increased ethylene production and a rise in cellular respiration.

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In communications and information processing, code is a system of rules to convert information—such as a letter, word, sound, image, or gesture—into another form or representation, sometimes shortened or secret, for communication through a communication channel or storage in a storage medium.

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In polymer chemistry, a comonomer refers a polymerizable precursor to a copolymer aside from the principal monomer.

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Compression (physics)

In mechanics, compression is the application of balanced inward ("pushing") forces to different points on a material or structure, that is, forces with no net sum or torque directed so as to reduce its size in one or more directions.

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In geometry, a set of points in space are coplanar if there exists a geometric plane that contains them all.

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When two or more different monomers unite together to polymerize, the product is called a copolymer and the process is called copolymerization.

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Cracking (chemistry)

In petrochemistry, petroleum geology and organic chemistry, cracking is the process whereby complex organic molecules such as kerogens or long-chain hydrocarbons are broken down into simpler molecules such as light hydrocarbons, by the breaking of carbon-carbon bonds in the precursors.

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Cyanobacteria, also known as Cyanophyta, are a phylum of bacteria that obtain their energy through photosynthesis, and are the only photosynthetic prokaryotes able to produce oxygen.

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Cytokinins (CK) are a class of plant growth substances (phytohormones) that promote cell division, or cytokinesis, in plant roots and shoots.

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Delphi is famous as the ancient sanctuary that grew rich as the seat of Pythia, the oracle who was consulted about important decisions throughout the ancient classical world.

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A detergent is a surfactant or a mixture of surfactants with cleaning properties in dilute solutions.

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Dianthus caryophyllus

Dianthus caryophyllus, the carnation or clove pink, is a species of Dianthus.

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Diethyl sulfate

Diethyl sulfate is a highly toxic and likely carcinogenic chemical compound with formula (C2H5)2SO4.

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Dimer (chemistry)

A dimer (di-, "two" + -mer, "parts") is an oligomer consisting of two monomers joined by bonds that can be either strong or weak, covalent or intermolecular.

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Distillation is the process of separating the components or substances from a liquid mixture by selective boiling and condensation.

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Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a thread-like chain of nucleotides carrying the genetic instructions used in the growth, development, functioning and reproduction of all known living organisms and many viruses.

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Dominance (genetics)

Dominance in genetics is a relationship between alleles of one gene, in which the effect on phenotype of one allele masks the contribution of a second allele at the same locus.

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Double bond

A double bond in chemistry is a chemical bond between two chemical elements involving four bonding electrons instead of the usual two.

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Electron density

Electron density is the measure of the probability of an electron being present at a specific location.

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Electrophilic addition

In organic chemistry, an electrophilic addition reaction is an addition reaction where, in a chemical compound, a π bond is broken and two new σ bonds are formed.

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Enzymes are macromolecular biological catalysts.

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Ethane is an organic chemical compound with chemical formula.

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Ethanol, also called alcohol, ethyl alcohol, grain alcohol, and drinking alcohol, is a chemical compound, a simple alcohol with the chemical formula.

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Ethoxylation is a chemical reaction in which ethylene oxide adds to a substrate.

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Ethyl group

In chemistry, an ethyl group is an alkyl substituent derived from ethane (C2H6).

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Ethylbenzene is an organic compound with the formula C6H5CH2CH3.

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Ethylene glycol

Ethylene glycol (IUPAC name: ethane-1,2-diol) is an organic compound with the formula (CH2OH)2.

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Ethylene oxide

Ethylene oxide, called oxirane by IUPAC, is an organic compound with the formula. It is a cyclic ether and the simplest epoxide: a three-membered ring consisting of one oxygen atom and two carbon atoms. Ethylene oxide is a colorless and flammable gas with a faintly sweet odor. Because it is a strained ring, ethylene oxide easily participates in a number of addition reactions that result in ring-opening. Ethylene oxide is isomeric with acetaldehyde and with vinyl alcohol. Ethylene oxide is industrially produced by oxidation of ethylene in the presence of silver catalyst. The reactivity that is responsible for many of ethylene oxide's hazards also make it useful. Although too dangerous for direct household use and generally unfamiliar to consumers, ethylene oxide is used for making many consumer products as well as non-consumer chemicals and intermediates. These products include detergents, thickeners, solvents, plastics, and various organic chemicals such as ethylene glycol, ethanolamines, simple and complex glycols, polyglycol ethers, and other compounds. Although it is a vital raw material with diverse applications, including the manufacture of products like polysorbate 20 and polyethylene glycol (PEG) that are often more effective and less toxic than alternative materials, ethylene oxide itself is a very hazardous substance. At room temperature it is a flammable, carcinogenic, mutagenic, irritating, and anaesthetic gas. As a toxic gas that leaves no residue on items it contacts, ethylene oxide is a surface disinfectant that is widely used in hospitals and the medical equipment industry to replace steam in the sterilization of heat-sensitive tools and equipment, such as disposable plastic syringes. It is so flammable and extremely explosive that it is used as a main component of thermobaric weapons; therefore, it is commonly handled and shipped as a refrigerated liquid to control its hazardous nature.Rebsdat, Siegfried and Mayer, Dieter (2005) "Ethylene Oxide" in Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. Wiley-VCH, Weinheim..

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Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.

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Fischer–Tropsch process

The Fischer–Tropsch process is a collection of chemical reactions that converts a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen into liquid hydrocarbons.

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A flower, sometimes known as a bloom or blossom, is the reproductive structure found in flowering plants (plants of the division Magnoliophyta, also called angiosperms).

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French Institute of Petroleum

The French Institute of Petroleum (in French: Institut français du pétrole, IFP) is a public research organisation in France founded in 1944 as Institute of Oil, Fuels and Lubricants (Institut du pétrole, des carburants et des lubrifiants).

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In botany, a fruit is the seed-bearing structure in flowering plants (also known as angiosperms) formed from the ovary after flowering.

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Gas to liquids

Gas to liquids (GTL) is a refinery process to convert natural gas or other gaseous hydrocarbons into longer-chain hydrocarbons, such as gasoline or diesel fuel.

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In biology, a gene is a sequence of DNA or RNA that codes for a molecule that has a function.

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Gene family

A gene family is a set of several similar genes, formed by duplication of a single original gene, and generally with similar biochemical functions.

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In the fields of molecular biology and genetics, a genome is the genetic material of an organism.

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Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.

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Germination is the process by which an organism grows from a seed or similar structure.

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Glycol ethers

Glycol ethers are a group of solvents based on alkyl ethers of ethylene glycol or propylene glycol commonly used in paints and cleaners.

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Gravitropism (also known as geotropism) is a coordinated process of differential growth by a plant or fungus in response to gravity pulling on it.

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Halogenation is a chemical reaction that involves the addition of one or more halogens to a compound or material.

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In chemistry, a hydrate is a substance that contains water or its constituent elements.

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Hydration reaction

In chemistry, a hydration reaction is a chemical reaction in which a substance combines with water.

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In organic chemistry, a hydrocarbon is an organic compound consisting entirely of hydrogen and carbon.

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Hydroformylation, also known as oxo synthesis or oxo process, is an industrial process for the production of aldehydes from alkenes.

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Hydrogen is a chemical element with symbol H and atomic number 1.

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A hydrohalogenation reaction is the electrophilic addition of hydrohalic acids like hydrogen chloride or hydrogen bromide to alkenes to yield the corresponding haloalkanes.

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In organic chemistry, hydrovinylation is the formal insertion of an alkene into the C-H bond of ethylene.

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The hypocotyl (short for "hypocotyledonous stem", meaning "below seed leaf") is the stem of a germinating seedling, found below the cotyledons (seed leaves) and above the radicle (root).

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Hyponastic response

The hyponastic response is an upward bending of leaves or other plant parts, resulting from growth of the lower side.

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Hypoxia (environmental)

Hypoxia refers to low oxygen conditions.

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Incense is aromatic biotic material which releases fragrant smoke when burned.

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Indole-3-acetic acid

Indole-3-acetic acid (IAA, 3-IAA) is the most common, naturally occurring, plant hormone of the auxin class.

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International Agency for Research on Cancer

The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC; Centre International de Recherche sur le Cancer, CIRC) is an intergovernmental agency forming part of the World Health Organization of the United Nations.

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International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry

The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) is an international federation of National Adhering Organizations that represents chemists in individual countries.

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Jan Ingenhousz

Jan Ingenhousz or Ingen-Housz FRS (8 December 1730 – 7 September 1799) was a Dutch physiologist, biologist and chemist.

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Johann Joachim Becher

Johann Joachim Becher (6 May 1635 – October 1682) was a German physician, alchemist, precursor of chemistry, scholar and adventurer, best known for his development of the phlogiston theory of combustion, and his advancement of Austrian cameralism.

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Joseph Priestley

Joseph Priestley FRS (– 6 February 1804) was an 18th-century English Separatist theologian, natural philosopher, chemist, innovative grammarian, multi-subject educator, and liberal political theorist who published over 150 works.

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A leaf is an organ of a vascular plant and is the principal lateral appendage of the stem.

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In coordination chemistry, a ligand is an ion or molecule (functional group) that binds to a central metal atom to form a coordination complex.

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"Liners" is a horticultural term referring to trays of very young plants, usually grown for sale to retailers or wholesalers, who then grow them to a larger size before selling them to consumers.

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List of IARC Group 3 carcinogens

Substances, mixtures and exposure circumstances in this list have been classified by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) as Group 3: The agent (mixture or exposure circumstance) is not classifiable as to its carcinogenicity to humans. This category is used most commonly for agents, mixtures and exposure circumstances for which the evidence of carcinogenicity is inadequate in humans and inadequate or limited in experimental animals.

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Methionine (symbol Met or M) is an essential amino acid in humans.

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Middle East

The Middle Easttranslit-std; translit; Orta Şərq; Central Kurdish: ڕۆژھەڵاتی ناوین, Rojhelatî Nawîn; Moyen-Orient; translit; translit; translit; Rojhilata Navîn; translit; Bariga Dhexe; Orta Doğu; translit is a transcontinental region centered on Western Asia, Turkey (both Asian and European), and Egypt (which is mostly in North Africa).

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Missense mutation

In genetics, a missense mutation is a point mutation in which a single nucleotide change results in a codon that codes for a different amino acid.

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Musk is a class of aromatic substances commonly used as base notes in perfumery.

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In biology, a mutation is the permanent alteration of the nucleotide sequence of the genome of an organism, virus, or extrachromosomal DNA or other genetic elements.

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Nastic movements

Nastic movements are non-directional responses to stimuli (e.g. temperature, humidity, light irradiance), and are usually associated with plants.

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The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.

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NNFCC is a consultancy company specialising in bioenergy, biofuels and bio-based products.

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An oligomer (oligo-, "a few" + -mer, "parts") is a molecular complex of chemicals that consists of a few monomer units, in contrast to a polymer, where the number of monomers is, in principle, infinite.

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Orbital hybridisation

In chemistry, orbital hybridisation (or hybridization) is the concept of mixing atomic orbitals into new hybrid orbitals (with different energies, shapes, etc., than the component atomic orbitals) suitable for the pairing of electrons to form chemical bonds in valence bond theory.

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Organic compound

In chemistry, an organic compound is generally any chemical compound that contains carbon.

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Organometallic chemistry

Organometallic chemistry is the study of organometallic compounds, chemical compounds containing at least one chemical bond between a carbon atom of an organic molecule and a metal, including alkaline, alkaline earth, and transition metals, and sometimes broadened to include metalloids like boron, silicon, and tin, as well.

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Oxidative coupling of methane

The oxidative coupling of methane (OCM) is a type of chemical reaction discovered in the 1980s for the direct conversion of natural gas, primarily consisting of methane, into value-added chemicals.

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Packaging and labeling

Packaging is the science, art and technology of enclosing or protecting products for distribution, storage, sale, and use.

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Pelargonium is a genus of flowering plants which includes about 200 species of perennials, succulents, and shrubs, commonly known as geraniums (in the United States also storksbills).

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Petiole (botany)

In botany, the petiole is the stalk that attaches the leaf blade to the stem.

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Petrochemical industry

The petrochemical industry is concerned with the production and trade of petrochemicals.

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Petunia is genus of 20 species of flowering plants of South American origin.

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The pineapple (Ananas comosus) is a tropical plant with an edible multiple fruit consisting of coalesced berries, also called pineapples, and the most economically significant plant in the family Bromeliaceae.

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Plants are mainly multicellular, predominantly photosynthetic eukaryotes of the kingdom Plantae.

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Plant development

Plants produce new tissues and structures throughout their life from meristems located at the tips of organs, or between mature tissues.

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Plant hormone

Plant hormones (also known as phytohormones) are chemicals that regulate plant growth.

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Plant senescence

Plant senescence is the process of aging in plants.

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Plastic is material consisting of any of a wide range of synthetic or semi-synthetic organic compounds that are malleable and so can be molded into solid objects.

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Plastic shopping bag

Plastic shopping bags, carrier bags, or plastic grocery bags) are a type of plastic bag used as shopping bags and made from various kinds of plastic. In use by consumers worldwide since the 1960s, these bags are sometimes called single-use bags, referring to carrying items from a store to a home. However, reuse for storage or trash is common, and modern plastic shopping bags are increasingly recyclable or biodegradable. In recent decades, numerous countries have introduced legislation restricting the sale of plastic bags, in a bid to reduce littering and plastic pollution. Some reusable shopping bags are made of plastic film, fibers, or fabric.

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Plasticizers (UK: plasticisers) or dispersants are additives that increase the plasticity or decrease the viscosity of a material.

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Pollination is the transfer of pollen from a male part of a plant to a female part of a plant, enabling later fertilisation and the production of seeds, most often by an animal or by wind.

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Polyester is a category of polymers that contain the ester functional group in their main chain.

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Polyethylene or polythene (abbreviated PE; IUPAC name polyethene or poly(ethylene)) is the most common plastic.

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Polyethylene terephthalate

Polyethylene terephthalate (sometimes written poly(ethylene terephthalate)), commonly abbreviated PET, PETE, or the obsolete PETP or PET-P, is the most common thermoplastic polymer resin of the polyester family and is used in fibres for clothing, containers for liquids and foods, thermoforming for manufacturing, and in combination with glass fibre for engineering resins.

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A polymer (Greek poly-, "many" + -mer, "part") is a large molecule, or macromolecule, composed of many repeated subunits.

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In polymer chemistry, polymerization is a process of reacting monomer molecules together in a chemical reaction to form polymer chains or three-dimensional networks.

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Polystyrene (PS) is a synthetic aromatic hydrocarbon polymer made from the monomer styrene.

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Polyvinyl chloride

Polyvinyl chloride, also known as polyvinyl or '''vinyl''', commonly abbreviated PVC, is the world's third-most widely produced synthetic plastic polymer, after polyethylene and polypropylene.

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Polyvinylidene chloride

Polyvinylidene chloride (PVDC) is a homopolymer of vinylidene chloride.

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Precursor (chemistry)

In chemistry, a precursor is a compound that participates in a chemical reaction that produces another compound.

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Propene, also known as propylene or methyl ethylene, is an unsaturated organic compound having the chemical formula C3H6.

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Propionaldehyde or propanal is the organic compound with the formula CH3CH2CHO.

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Propionic acid

Propionic acid (from the Greek words protos, meaning "first", and pion, meaning "fat"; also known as propanoic acid) is a naturally occurring carboxylic acid with chemical formula C2H5COOH.

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Protein dimer

In biochemistry, a protein dimer is a macromolecular complex formed by two protein monomers, or single proteins, which are usually non-covalently bound.

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The Pythia (Πῡθίᾱ) was the name of the high priestess of the Temple of Apollo at Delphi who also served as the oracle, commonly known as the Oracle of Delphi.

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Redox (short for reduction–oxidation reaction) (pronunciation: or) is a chemical reaction in which the oxidation states of atoms are changed.

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Reinforced carbon–carbon

Carbon fibre reinforced carbon (CFRC), carbon–carbon (C/C), or reinforced carbon–carbon (RCC) is a composite material consisting of carbon fiber reinforcement in a matrix of graphite.

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Ripening is a process in fruits that causes them to become more palatable.

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Root hair

A root hair, or absorbent hair, the rhizoid of a vascular plant, is a tubular outgrowth of a trichoblast, a hair-forming cell on the epidermis of a plant root.

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A rose is a woody perennial flowering plant of the genus Rosa, in the family Rosaceae, or the flower it bears.

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S-Adenosyl methionine

S-Adenosyl methionineSAM-e, SAMe, SAM, S-Adenosyl-L-methionine, AdoMet, ademetionine is a common cosubstrate involved in methyl group transfers, transsulfuration, and aminopropylation.

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Saturated and unsaturated compounds

In organic chemistry, a saturated compound is a chemical compound that has single bonds.

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Senescence or biological ageing is the gradual deterioration of function characteristic of most complex lifeforms, arguably found in all biological kingdoms, that on the level of the organism increases mortality after maturation.

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Shang Fa Yang

Shang Fa Yang (November 10, 1932 – February 12, 2007) was an acclaimed plant scientist and a professor at the University of California, Davis.

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Spectroscopy is the study of the interaction between matter and electromagnetic radiation.

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In botany, a stoma (plural "stomata"), also called a stomata (plural "stomates") (from Greek στόμα, "mouth"), is a pore, found in the epidermis of leaves, stems, and other organs, that facilitates gas exchange.

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Styrene, also known as ethenylbenzene, vinylbenzene, and phenylethene, is an organic compound with the chemical formula C6H5CH.

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Styrene-butadiene or styrene-butadiene rubber (SBR) describe families of synthetic rubbers derived from styrene and butadiene (the version developed by Goodyear is called Neolite).

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Sulfuric acid

Sulfuric acid (alternative spelling sulphuric acid) is a mineral acid with molecular formula H2SO4.

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Surfactants are compounds that lower the surface tension (or interfacial tension) between two liquids, between a gas and a liquid, or between a liquid and a solid.

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Synthetic oil

Synthetic oil is a lubricant consisting of chemical compounds that are artificially made.

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Tetrachloroethylene, also known under the systematic name tetrachloroethene, or perchloroethylene ("perc" or "PERC"), and many other names, is a chlorocarbon with the formula Cl2C.

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The tonne (Non-SI unit, symbol: t), commonly referred to as the metric ton in the United States, is a non-SI metric unit of mass equal to 1,000 kilograms;.

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The chemical compound trichloroethylene is a halocarbon commonly used as an industrial solvent.

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United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

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Vinyl chloride

Vinyl chloride is an organochloride with the formula H2C.

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Xylem is one of the two types of transport tissue in vascular plants, phloem being the other.

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Zeise's salt

Zeise's salt, potassium trichloro(ethene)platinate(II), is the chemical compound with the formula K·H2O.

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The organic compound 1,1,1-trichloroethane, also known as methyl chloroform, is a chloroalkane.

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1,2-Dibromoethane, also known as ethylene dibromide (EDB), is the organobromine compound with the chemical formula (CH2Br)2.

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The chemical compound 1,2-dichloroethane commonly known as ethylene dichloride (EDC), is a chlorinated hydrocarbon.

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1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate synthase

Aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid synthase (ACC synthase, ACS) is an enzyme that catalyzes the synthesis of 1-Aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid (ACC), a precursor for ethylene, from S-Adenosyl methionine (AdoMet, SAM), an intermediate in the Yang cycle and activated methyl cycle and a useful molecule for methyl transfer.

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1-Aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid

1-Aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid (ACC) is a disubstituted cyclic α-amino acid in which a three-membered cyclopropane ring is fused to the Cα atom of the amino acid.

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1-Butene is an organic chemical compound, linear alpha-olefin (alkene), and one of the isomers of butene.

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1-Methylcyclopropene (1-MCP) is a cyclopropene derivative used as a synthetic plant growth regulator.

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1-Propanol is a primary alcohol with the formula CH3CH2CH2OH (sometimes represented as PrOH or n-PrOH).

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2-Butene is an acyclic alkene with four carbon atoms.

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4-Ethyltoluene is an organic compound with the formula CH3C6H4C2H5.

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Bicarburetted hydrogen, C2H4, C2h4, C=C, CH2CH2, Ethene, Ethenes, Ethylene (plant hormone), Ethylene-ripened fruits, Ethylenes, Olefiant gas.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethylene

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