Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Faster access than browser!

Etruscan civilization

Index Etruscan civilization

The Etruscan civilization is the modern name given to a powerful and wealthy civilization of ancient Italy in the area corresponding roughly to Tuscany, western Umbria and northern Lazio. [1]

212 relations: Achilles, Adria, Adriatic Sea, Alps, Anatolia, Ancient Carthage, Ancient Greece, Ancient Greek, Ancient Greek architecture, Ancient Roman architecture, Ancient Rome, Antefix, Anticlides, Apennine Mountains, Apotropaic magic, Archaeology of Northern Europe, Archaic Greece, Arezzo, Artemis, Attic Greek, Atys of Lydia, Aulos, Axe, Battle of Alalia, Battle of Cumae, Bolsena, Bucchero, Campania, Capua, Carl Darling Buck, Carrara marble, Carthage, Cel (goddess), Celts, Central Europe, Cerveteri, Chiefdom, Chimera of Arezzo, Chiusi, Cicero, Cithara, City-state, Classical architecture, Copper, Cornell University, Corsica, Cortona, Creative Commons, Crotales, Cumae, ..., Curia, CyArk, Deity, Demaratus of Corinth, Diodorus Siculus, Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Dionysus, Divinity, Epitaph, Etruria, Etruscan cities, Etruscan coins, Etruscan language, Etruscan mythology, Etruscan vase painting, Fanum Voltumnae, Fasces, Ferrous metallurgy, Fresco, Fufluns, Gaul, Gauls, Gens, Giuliano Bonfante, Gorgon, Greek alphabet, Greek language, Helios, Herodotus, Hiero I of Syracuse, Homer, Horace, Iguvine Tablets, Imbros, Immanence, Indo-European languages, Iron Age, Ischia, Italian Peninsula, Italic languages, Juno (mythology), Khan Academy, LacusCurtius, Language isolate, Laran, Larissa Bonfante, Latin, Latium, Lazio, Lega dei popoli, Leinth, Lemnian language, Lemnos, Liber Linteus, Lictor, List of ancient peoples of Italy, Livy, Lydia, Lyre, Magistrate, Magna Graecia, Maris (mythology), Mediterranean Sea, Menrva, Metalworking, Minerva, Mitochondrial DNA, Monarchy, Natural History (Pliny), Near East, Necropolis, Neolithic, Noricum, Numa Pompilius, Oligarchy, Palatine Hill, Pan (god), Patroclus, Pelasgians, Perugia, Phocaea, Piracy, Pliny the Elder, Po Valley, Political alliance, Politics, Polybius, Polytheism, Pomerium, Pons Sublicius, Populonia, Pottery of ancient Greece, Prehistory, Proto-Indo-European religion, Punic language, Raetia, Regalia, Republic, Rhaetian language, Rhaetian people, Roman Empire, Roman Kingdom, Roman mythology, Roman Republic, Roman temple, Roman tribe, Roman–Etruscan Wars, Rome, Romulus and Remus, Rusellae, Samnites, Sarcophagus, Sardinia, Sea Peoples, Selvans, Sovereign state, Spain, Spina, SPQR, Stele, Strabo, Syncope (phonology), Syracuse, Sicily, Syrinx, Tages, Tarchon, Tarquinia, Thalna, The New York Times, Thessaly, Thucydides, Tiber, Timpani, Tinia, Tintinnabulum (Ancient Rome), Treccani, Tribal chief, Troy, Tumulus, Turan (mythology), Turms, Tuscany, Tyrrhenian Sea, Tyrrhenians, Tyrrhenus, Tyrsenian languages, Umbri, Umbria, Umbrian language, University of Ferrara, Upper Paleolithic, Vegoia, Veii, Vetulonia, Vicus Tuscus, Villanovan culture, Vindelici, Volsinii, Volterra, Vulci, Western culture, Wikisource. Expand index (162 more) »


In Greek mythology, Achilles or Achilleus (Ἀχιλλεύς, Achilleus) was a Greek hero of the Trojan War and the central character and greatest warrior of Homer's Iliad.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Achilles · See more »


Adria is a town and comune in the province of Rovigo in the Veneto region of Northern Italy, situated between the mouths of the rivers Adige and Po.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Adria · See more »

Adriatic Sea

The Adriatic Sea is a body of water separating the Italian Peninsula from the Balkan peninsula.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Adriatic Sea · See more »


The Alps (Alpes; Alpen; Alpi; Alps; Alpe) are the highest and most extensive mountain range system that lies entirely in Europe,The Caucasus Mountains are higher, and the Urals longer, but both lie partly in Asia.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Alps · See more »


Anatolia (Modern Greek: Ανατολία Anatolía, from Ἀνατολή Anatolḗ,; "east" or "rise"), also known as Asia Minor (Medieval and Modern Greek: Μικρά Ἀσία Mikrá Asía, "small Asia"), Asian Turkey, the Anatolian peninsula, or the Anatolian plateau, is the westernmost protrusion of Asia, which makes up the majority of modern-day Turkey.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Anatolia · See more »

Ancient Carthage

Carthage (from Carthago; Punic:, Qart-ḥadašt, "New City") was the Phoenician state, including, during the 7th–3rd centuries BC, its wider sphere of influence, known as the Carthaginian Empire.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Ancient Carthage · See more »

Ancient Greece

Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history from the Greek Dark Ages of the 13th–9th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (AD 600).

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Ancient Greece · See more »

Ancient Greek

The Ancient Greek language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Ancient Greek · See more »

Ancient Greek architecture

The architecture of ancient Greece is the architecture produced by the Greek-speaking people (Hellenic people) whose culture flourished on the Greek mainland, the Peloponnese, the Aegean Islands, and in colonies in Anatolia and Italy for a period from about 900 BC until the 1st century AD, with the earliest remaining architectural works dating from around 600 BC.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Ancient Greek architecture · See more »

Ancient Roman architecture

Ancient Roman architecture adopted the external language of classical Greek architecture for the purposes of the ancient Romans, but differed from Greek buildings, becoming a new architectural style.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Ancient Roman architecture · See more »

Ancient Rome

In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Ancient Rome · See more »


An antefix (from Latin antefigere, to fasten before) is a vertical block which terminates the covering tiles of a tiled roof.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Antefix · See more »


Anticlides of Athens (or Anticleides) lived after the time of Alexander the Great, and is frequently referred to by later writers.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Anticlides · See more »

Apennine Mountains

The Apennines or Apennine Mountains (Ἀπέννινα ὄρη; Appenninus or Apenninus Mons—a singular used in the plural;Apenninus has the form of an adjective, which would be segmented Apenn-inus, often used with nouns such as mons (mountain) or Greek ὄρος oros, but just as often used alone as a noun. The ancient Greeks and Romans typically but not always used "mountain" in the singular to mean one or a range; thus, "the Apennine mountain" refers to the entire chain and is translated "the Apennine mountains". The ending can vary also by gender depending on the noun modified. The Italian singular refers to one of the constituent chains rather than to a single mountain and the Italian plural refers to multiple chains rather than to multiple mountains. Appennini) are a mountain range consisting of parallel smaller chains extending along the length of peninsular Italy.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Apennine Mountains · See more »

Apotropaic magic

Apotropaic magic (from Greek "to ward off" from "away" and "to turn") is a type of magic intended to turn away harm or evil influences, as in deflecting misfortune or averting the evil eye.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Apotropaic magic · See more »

Archaeology of Northern Europe

The archaeology of Northern Europe studies the prehistory of Scandinavia and the adjacent North European Plain, roughly corresponding to the territories of modern Sweden, Norway, Denmark, northern Germany, Poland and the Netherlands.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Archaeology of Northern Europe · See more »

Archaic Greece

Archaic Greece was the period in Greek history lasting from the eighth century BC to the second Persian invasion of Greece in 480 BC, following the Greek Dark Ages and succeeded by the Classical period.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Archaic Greece · See more »


Arezzo is a city and comune in Italy, capital of the province of the same name located in Tuscany.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Arezzo · See more »


Artemis (Ἄρτεμις Artemis) was one of the most widely venerated of the Ancient Greek deities.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Artemis · See more »

Attic Greek

Attic Greek is the Greek dialect of ancient Attica, including the city of Athens.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Attic Greek · See more »

Atys of Lydia

Atys (Ἄτυς) is a legendary figure of the 2nd millennium BC who is attested by Herodotus to have been an early king of Lydia, then probably known as Maeonia.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Atys of Lydia · See more »


An aulos (αὐλός, plural αὐλοί, auloi) or tibia (Latin) was an ancient Greek wind instrument, depicted often in art and also attested by archaeology.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Aulos · See more »


An axe (British English or ax (American English; see spelling differences) is an implement that has been used for millennia to shape, split and cut wood; to harvest timber; as a weapon; and as a ceremonial or heraldic symbol. The axe has many forms and specialised uses but generally consists of an axe head with a handle, or helve. Before the modern axe, the stone-age hand axe was used from 1.5 million years BP without a handle. It was later fastened to a wooden handle. The earliest examples of handled axes have heads of stone with some form of wooden handle attached (hafted) in a method to suit the available materials and use. Axes made of copper, bronze, iron and steel appeared as these technologies developed. Axes are usually composed of a head and a handle. The axe is an example of a simple machine, as it is a type of wedge, or dual inclined plane. This reduces the effort needed by the wood chopper. It splits the wood into two parts by the pressure concentration at the blade. The handle of the axe also acts as a lever allowing the user to increase the force at the cutting edge—not using the full length of the handle is known as choking the axe. For fine chopping using a side axe this sometimes is a positive effect, but for felling with a double bitted axe it reduces efficiency. Generally, cutting axes have a shallow wedge angle, whereas splitting axes have a deeper angle. Most axes are double bevelled, i.e. symmetrical about the axis of the blade, but some specialist broadaxes have a single bevel blade, and usually an offset handle that allows them to be used for finishing work without putting the user's knuckles at risk of injury. Less common today, they were once an integral part of a joiner and carpenter's tool kit, not just a tool for use in forestry. A tool of similar origin is the billhook. However, in France and Holland, the billhook often replaced the axe as a joiner's bench tool. Most modern axes have steel heads and wooden handles, typically hickory in the US and ash in Europe and Asia, although plastic or fibreglass handles are also common. Modern axes are specialised by use, size and form. Hafted axes with short handles designed for use with one hand are often called hand axes but the term hand axe refers to axes without handles as well. Hatchets tend to be small hafted axes often with a hammer on the back side (the poll). As easy-to-make weapons, axes have frequently been used in combat.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Axe · See more »

Battle of Alalia

The naval Battle of Alalia took place between 540 BC and 535 BC off the coast of Corsica between Greeks and the allied Etruscans and Carthaginians.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Battle of Alalia · See more »

Battle of Cumae

The Battle of Cumae was a naval battle in 474 BC between the combined navies of Syracuse and Cumae against the Etruscans.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Battle of Cumae · See more »


Bolsena is a town and comune of Italy, in the province of Viterbo in northern Lazio on the eastern shore of Lake Bolsena.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Bolsena · See more »


Bucchero is a class of ceramics produced in central Italy by the region's pre-Roman Etruscan population.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Bucchero · See more »


Campania is a region in Southern Italy.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Campania · See more »


Capua is a city and comune in the province of Caserta, Campania, southern Italy, situated north of Naples, on the northeastern edge of the Campanian plain.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Capua · See more »

Carl Darling Buck

Carl Darling Buck (October 2, 1866 – February 8, 1955), born in Bucksport, Maine, was an American philologist.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Carl Darling Buck · See more »

Carrara marble

Carrara marble is a type of white or blue-grey marble of high quality, popular for use in sculpture and building decor.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Carrara marble · See more »


Carthage (from Carthago; Punic:, Qart-ḥadašt, "New City") was the center or capital city of the ancient Carthaginian civilization, on the eastern side of the Lake of Tunis in what is now the Tunis Governorate in Tunisia.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Carthage · See more »

Cel (goddess)

Cel was the Etruscan goddess of the earth.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Cel (goddess) · See more »


The Celts (see pronunciation of ''Celt'' for different usages) were an Indo-European people in Iron Age and Medieval Europe who spoke Celtic languages and had cultural similarities, although the relationship between ethnic, linguistic and cultural factors in the Celtic world remains uncertain and controversial.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Celts · See more »

Central Europe

Central Europe is the region comprising the central part of Europe.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Central Europe · See more »


Cerveteri is a town and comune of northern Lazio in the region of the Metropolitan City of Rome.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Cerveteri · See more »


A chiefdom is a form of hierarchical political organization in non-industrial societies usually based on kinship, and in which formal leadership is monopolized by the legitimate senior members of select families or 'houses'.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Chiefdom · See more »

Chimera of Arezzo

The Chimera of Arezzo is regarded as the best example of ancient Etruscan artwork.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Chimera of Arezzo · See more »


Chiusi (Etruscan: Clevsin; Umbrian: Camars; Ancient Greek: Klysion, Κλύσιον; Latin: Clusium) is a town and comune in province of Siena, Tuscany, Italy.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Chiusi · See more »


Marcus Tullius Cicero (3 January 106 BC – 7 December 43 BC) was a Roman statesman, orator, lawyer and philosopher, who served as consul in the year 63 BC.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Cicero · See more »


The cithara or kithara (translit, cithara) was an ancient Greek musical instrument in the lyre or lyra family.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Cithara · See more »


A city-state is a sovereign state, also described as a type of small independent country, that usually consists of a single city and its dependent territories.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and City-state · See more »

Classical architecture

Classical architecture usually denotes architecture which is more or less consciously derived from the principles of Greek and Roman architecture of classical antiquity, or sometimes even more specifically, from the works of Vitruvius.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Classical architecture · See more »


Copper is a chemical element with symbol Cu (from cuprum) and atomic number 29.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Copper · See more »

Cornell University

Cornell University is a private and statutory Ivy League research university located in Ithaca, New York.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Cornell University · See more »


Corsica (Corse; Corsica in Corsican and Italian, pronounced and respectively) is an island in the Mediterranean Sea and one of the 18 regions of France.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Corsica · See more »


Cortona is a town and comune in the province of Arezzo, in Tuscany, Italy.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Cortona · See more »

Creative Commons

Creative Commons (CC) is an American non-profit organization devoted to expanding the range of creative works available for others to build upon legally and to share.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Creative Commons · See more »


Crotales, sometimes called antique cymbals, are percussion instruments consisting of small, tuned bronze or brass disks.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Crotales · See more »


Cumae ((Kumē) or Κύμαι or Κύμα; Cuma) was an ancient city of Magna Graecia on the coast of the Tyrrhenian Sea.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Cumae · See more »


Curia (Latin plural curiae) in ancient Rome referred to one of the original groupings of the citizenry, eventually numbering 30, and later every Roman citizen was presumed to belong to one.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Curia · See more »


CyArk is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization located in Oakland, California, United States.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and CyArk · See more »


A deity is a supernatural being considered divine or sacred.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Deity · See more »

Demaratus of Corinth

Demaratus (Δημάρατος), frequently called Demaratus of Corinth, was the father of Lucius Tarquinius Priscus, the fifth King of Rome, and the grandfather or great-grandfather of Lucius Tarquinius Superbus, the seventh and last Roman king.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Demaratus of Corinth · See more »

Diodorus Siculus

Diodorus Siculus (Διόδωρος Σικελιώτης Diodoros Sikeliotes) (1st century BC) or Diodorus of Sicily was a Greek historian.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Diodorus Siculus · See more »

Dionysius of Halicarnassus

Dionysius of Halicarnassus (Διονύσιος Ἀλεξάνδρου Ἁλικαρνασσεύς, Dionysios Alexandrou Halikarnasseus, "Dionysios son of Alexandros of Halikarnassos"; c. 60 BCafter 7 BC) was a Greek historian and teacher of rhetoric, who flourished during the reign of Caesar Augustus.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Dionysius of Halicarnassus · See more »


Dionysus (Διόνυσος Dionysos) is the god of the grape harvest, winemaking and wine, of ritual madness, fertility, theatre and religious ecstasy in ancient Greek religion and myth.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Dionysus · See more »


In religion, divinity or godhead is the state of things that are believed to come from a supernatural power or deity, such as a god, supreme being, creator deity, or spirits, and are therefore regarded as sacred and holy.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Divinity · See more »


An epitaph (from Greek ἐπιτάφιος epitaphios "a funeral oration" from ἐπί epi "at, over" and τάφος taphos "tomb") is a short text honoring a deceased person.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Epitaph · See more »


Etruria (usually referred to in Greek and Latin source texts as Tyrrhenia Τυρρηνία) was a region of Central Italy, located in an area that covered part of what are now Tuscany, Lazio, and Umbria.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Etruria · See more »

Etruscan cities

Etruscan cities are those that shared a common Etruscan language and culture even though they were independent city-states.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Etruscan cities · See more »

Etruscan coins

Like the Egyptians, Phoenicians and Carthaginians, the Etruscans were rather slow to adopt the invention of coinage.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Etruscan coins · See more »

Etruscan language

The Etruscan language was the spoken and written language of the Etruscan civilization, in Italy, in the ancient region of Etruria (modern Tuscany plus western Umbria and northern Latium) and in parts of Corsica, Campania, Veneto, Lombardy and Emilia-Romagna.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Etruscan language · See more »

Etruscan mythology

Etruscan mythology comprises a set of stories, beliefs, and religious practices of the Etruscan civilization, originating in the 7th century BC from the preceding Iron Age Villanovan culture, with its influences in the mythology of ancient Greece and Phoenicia, and sharing similarities with concurrent Roman mythology.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Etruscan mythology · See more »

Etruscan vase painting

Etruscan vase painting was produced from the 7th through the 4th centuries BC, and is a major element in Etruscan art.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Etruscan vase painting · See more »

Fanum Voltumnae

The Fanum Voltumnae (‘shrine of Voltumna’) was the chief sanctuary of the Etruscans; fanum means a sacred place, a much broader notion than a single temple.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Fanum Voltumnae · See more »


Fasces ((Fasci,, a plurale tantum, from the Latin word fascis, meaning "bundle") is a bound bundle of wooden rods, sometimes including an axe with its blade emerging. The fasces had its origin in the Etruscan civilization and was passed on to ancient Rome, where it symbolized a magistrate's power and jurisdiction. The axe originally associated with the symbol, the Labrys (Greek: λάβρυς, lábrys) the double-bitted axe, originally from Crete, is one of the oldest symbols of Greek civilization. To the Romans, it was known as a bipennis. Commonly, the symbol was associated with female deities, from prehistoric through historic times. The image has survived in the modern world as a representation of magisterial or collective power, law and governance. The fasces frequently occurs as a charge in heraldry: it is present on the reverse of the U.S. Mercury dime coin and behind the podium in the United States House of Representatives; and it was the origin of the name of the National Fascist Party in Italy (from which the term fascism is derived). During the first half of the 20th century both the fasces and the swastika (each symbol having its own unique ancient religious and mythological associations) became heavily identified with the authoritarian/fascist political movements of Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini. During this period the swastika became deeply stigmatized, but the fasces did not undergo a similar process. The fact that the fasces remained in use in many societies after World War II may have been due to the fact that prior to Mussolini the fasces had already been adopted and incorporated within the governmental iconography of many governments outside Italy. As such, its use persists as an accepted form of governmental and other iconography in various contexts. (The swastika remains in common usage in parts of Asia for religious purposes which are also unrelated to early 20th century European fascism.) The fasces is sometimes confused with the related term fess, which in French heraldry is called a fasce.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Fasces · See more »

Ferrous metallurgy

Ferrous metallurgy is the metallurgy of iron and its alloys.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Ferrous metallurgy · See more »


Fresco (plural frescos or frescoes) is a technique of mural painting executed upon freshly laid, or wet lime plaster.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Fresco · See more »


In Etruscan mythology, Fufluns (or Puphluns) was a god of plant life, happiness, wine, health, and growth in all things.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Fufluns · See more »


Gaul (Latin: Gallia) was a region of Western Europe during the Iron Age that was inhabited by Celtic tribes, encompassing present day France, Luxembourg, Belgium, most of Switzerland, Northern Italy, as well as the parts of the Netherlands and Germany on the west bank of the Rhine.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Gaul · See more »


The Gauls were Celtic people inhabiting Gaul in the Iron Age and the Roman period (roughly from the 5th century BC to the 5th century AD).

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Gauls · See more »


In ancient Rome, a gens, plural gentes, was a family consisting of all those individuals who shared the same nomen and claimed descent from a common ancestor.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Gens · See more »

Giuliano Bonfante

Giuliano Bonfante (Milan, 6 August 1904 – Rome, 9 September 2005) was an Italian linguist and expert on the language of the Etruscans and other Italic peoples.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Giuliano Bonfante · See more »


In Greek mythology, a Gorgon (plural: Gorgons, Γοργών/Γοργώ Gorgon/Gorgo) is a female creature.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Gorgon · See more »

Greek alphabet

The Greek alphabet has been used to write the Greek language since the late 9th or early 8th century BC.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Greek alphabet · See more »

Greek language

Greek (Modern Greek: ελληνικά, elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα, ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Greek language · See more »


Helios (Ἥλιος Hēlios; Latinized as Helius; Ἠέλιος in Homeric Greek) is the god and personification of the Sun in Greek mythology.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Helios · See more »


Herodotus (Ἡρόδοτος, Hêródotos) was a Greek historian who was born in Halicarnassus in the Persian Empire (modern-day Bodrum, Turkey) and lived in the fifth century BC (484– 425 BC), a contemporary of Thucydides, Socrates, and Euripides.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Herodotus · See more »

Hiero I of Syracuse

Hieron I (Ἱέρων Α΄; usually Latinized Hiero) was the son of Deinomenes, the brother of Gelon and tyrant of Syracuse in Sicily from 478 to 467 BC.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Hiero I of Syracuse · See more »


Homer (Ὅμηρος, Hómēros) is the name ascribed by the ancient Greeks to the legendary author of the Iliad and the Odyssey, two epic poems that are the central works of ancient Greek literature.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Homer · See more »


Quintus Horatius Flaccus (December 8, 65 BC – November 27, 8 BC), known in the English-speaking world as Horace, was the leading Roman lyric poet during the time of Augustus (also known as Octavian).

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Horace · See more »

Iguvine Tablets

The Iguvine Tablets, also known as the Eugubian Tablets or Eugubine Tables, are a series of seven bronze tablets from ancient Iguvium (modern Gubbio), Italy.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Iguvine Tablets · See more »


Imbros or İmroz, officially changed to Gökçeada since 29 July 1970,Alexis Alexandris, "The Identity Issue of The Minorities In Greece An Turkey", in Hirschon, Renée (ed.), Crossing the Aegean: An Appraisal of the 1923 Compulsory Population Exchange Between Greece and Turkey, Berghahn Books, 2003, (older name in Turkish: İmroz; Greek: Ίμβρος Imvros), is the largest island of Turkey and the seat of Gökçeada District of Çanakkale Province.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Imbros · See more »


The doctrine or theory of immanence holds that the divine encompasses or is manifested in the material world.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Immanence · See more »

Indo-European languages

The Indo-European languages are a language family of several hundred related languages and dialects.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Indo-European languages · See more »

Iron Age

The Iron Age is the final epoch of the three-age system, preceded by the Stone Age (Neolithic) and the Bronze Age.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Iron Age · See more »


Ischia is a volcanic island in the Tyrrhenian Sea.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Ischia · See more »

Italian Peninsula

The Italian Peninsula or Apennine Peninsula (Penisola italiana, Penisola appenninica) extends from the Po Valley in the north to the central Mediterranean Sea in the south.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Italian Peninsula · See more »

Italic languages

The Italic languages are a subfamily of the Indo-European language family, originally spoken by Italic peoples.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Italic languages · See more »

Juno (mythology)

Juno (Latin: IVNO, Iūnō) is an ancient Roman goddess, the protector and special counselor of the state.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Juno (mythology) · See more »

Khan Academy

Khan Academy is a non-profit educational organization created in 2006 by educator Salman Khan with a goal of creating a set of online tools that help educate students.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Khan Academy · See more »


LacusCurtius is a website specializing in ancient Rome, currently hosted on a server at the University of Chicago.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and LacusCurtius · See more »

Language isolate

A language isolate, in the absolute sense, is a natural language with no demonstrable genealogical (or "genetic") relationship with other languages, one that has not been demonstrated to descend from an ancestor common with any other language.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Language isolate · See more »


In Etruscan mythology, Laran was the god of war.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Laran · See more »

Larissa Bonfante

Larissa Bonfante (born March 27, 1931, in Naples, Italy) is an Italian-American classicist, Professor of Classics emerita at New York University and an authority on Etruscan language and culture.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Larissa Bonfante · See more »


Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Latin · See more »


Latium is the region of central western Italy in which the city of Rome was founded and grew to be the capital city of the Roman Empire.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Latium · See more »


Lazio (Latium) is one of the 20 administrative regions of Italy.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Lazio · See more »

Lega dei popoli

In ancient Italy, the Etruscan "Lega dei popoli" (League of the peoples) was a league comprising several towns — usually, but not necessarily, twelve — located in the areas that today are known as Tuscany, western Umbria and northern Lazio.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Lega dei popoli · See more »


Leinth is an Etruscan deity.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Leinth · See more »

Lemnian language

The Lemnian language was a language spoken on the island of Lemnos in the 6th century BC.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Lemnian language · See more »


Lemnos (Λήμνος) is a Greek island in the northern part of the Aegean Sea.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Lemnos · See more »

Liber Linteus

The Liber Linteus Zagrabiensis (Latin for "Linen Book of Zagreb", also rarely known as Liber Agramensis, "Book of Agram") is the longest Etruscan text and the only extant linen book, dated to the 3rd century BCE.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Liber Linteus · See more »


A lictor (possibly from ligare, "to bind") was a Roman civil servant who was a bodyguard to magistrates who held imperium.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Lictor · See more »

List of ancient peoples of Italy

This list of ancient peoples living in Italy summarises groupings existing before the Roman expansion and conquest.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and List of ancient peoples of Italy · See more »


Titus Livius Patavinus (64 or 59 BCAD 12 or 17) – often rendered as Titus Livy, or simply Livy, in English language sources – was a Roman historian.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Livy · See more »


Lydia (Assyrian: Luddu; Λυδία, Lydía; Lidya) was an Iron Age kingdom of western Asia Minor located generally east of ancient Ionia in the modern western Turkish provinces of Uşak, Manisa and inland İzmir.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Lydia · See more »


The lyre (λύρα, lýra) is a string instrument known for its use in Greek classical antiquity and later periods.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Lyre · See more »


The term magistrate is used in a variety of systems of governments and laws to refer to a civilian officer who administers the law.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Magistrate · See more »

Magna Graecia

Magna Graecia (Latin meaning "Great Greece", Μεγάλη Ἑλλάς, Megálē Hellás, Magna Grecia) was the name given by the Romans to the coastal areas of Southern Italy in the present-day regions of Campania, Apulia, Basilicata, Calabria and Sicily that were extensively populated by Greek settlers; particularly the Achaean settlements of Croton, and Sybaris, and to the north, the settlements of Cumae and Neapolis.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Magna Graecia · See more »

Maris (mythology)

Maris (or Mariś) was an Etruscan god often depicted as an infant or child and given many epithets, including Mariś Halna, Mariś Husrnana ("Maris the Child"), and Mariś Isminthians.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Maris (mythology) · See more »

Mediterranean Sea

The Mediterranean Sea is a sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean, surrounded by the Mediterranean Basin and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by Southern Europe and Anatolia, on the south by North Africa and on the east by the Levant.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Mediterranean Sea · See more »


Menrva (also spelled Menerva) was an Etruscan goddess of war, art, wisdom, and medicine.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Menrva · See more »


Metalworking is the process of working with metals to create individual parts, assemblies, or large-scale structures.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Metalworking · See more »


Minerva (Etruscan: Menrva) was the Roman goddess of wisdom and strategic warfare, although it is noted that the Romans did not stress her relation to battle and warfare as the Greeks would come to, and the sponsor of arts, trade, and strategy.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Minerva · See more »

Mitochondrial DNA

Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA or mDNA) is the DNA located in mitochondria, cellular organelles within eukaryotic cells that convert chemical energy from food into a form that cells can use, adenosine triphosphate (ATP).

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Mitochondrial DNA · See more »


A monarchy is a form of government in which a group, generally a family representing a dynasty (aristocracy), embodies the country's national identity and its head, the monarch, exercises the role of sovereignty.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Monarchy · See more »

Natural History (Pliny)

The Natural History (Naturalis Historia) is a book about the whole of the natural world in Latin by Pliny the Elder, a Roman author and naval commander who died in 79 AD.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Natural History (Pliny) · See more »

Near East

The Near East is a geographical term that roughly encompasses Western Asia.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Near East · See more »


A necropolis (pl. necropoleis) is a large, designed cemetery with elaborate tomb monuments.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Necropolis · See more »


The Neolithic was a period in the development of human technology, beginning about 10,200 BC, according to the ASPRO chronology, in some parts of Western Asia, and later in other parts of the world and ending between 4500 and 2000 BC.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Neolithic · See more »


Noricum is the Latin name for a Celtic kingdom, or federation of tribes, that included most of modern Austria and part of Slovenia.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Noricum · See more »

Numa Pompilius

Numa Pompilius (753–673 BC; reigned 715–673 BC) was the legendary second king of Rome, succeeding Romulus.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Numa Pompilius · See more »


Oligarchy is a form of power structure in which power rests with a small number of people.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Oligarchy · See more »

Palatine Hill

The Palatine Hill (Collis Palatium or Mons Palatinus; Palatino) is the centremost of the Seven Hills of Rome and is one of the most ancient parts of the city.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Palatine Hill · See more »

Pan (god)

In ancient Greek religion and mythology, Pan (Πάν, Pan) is the god of the wild, shepherds and flocks, nature of mountain wilds, rustic music and impromptus, and companion of the nymphs.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Pan (god) · See more »


In Greek mythology, as recorded in Homer's Iliad, Patroclus (Πάτροκλος, Pátroklos, "glory of the father") was the son of Menoetius, grandson of Actor, King of Opus.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Patroclus · See more »


The name Pelasgians (Πελασγοί, Pelasgoí, singular: Πελασγός, Pelasgós) was used by classical Greek writers to either refer to populations that were the ancestors or forerunners of the Greeks, or to signify all pre-classical indigenes of Greece.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Pelasgians · See more »


Perugia (Perusia) is the capital city of both the region of Umbria in central Italy, crossed by the river Tiber, and of the province of Perugia.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Perugia · See more »


Phocaea, or Phokaia (Ancient Greek: Φώκαια, Phókaia; modern-day Foça in Turkey) was an ancient Ionian Greek city on the western coast of Anatolia.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Phocaea · See more »


Piracy is an act of robbery or criminal violence by ship or boat-borne attackers upon another ship or a coastal area, typically with the goal of stealing cargo and other valuable items or properties.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Piracy · See more »

Pliny the Elder

Pliny the Elder (born Gaius Plinius Secundus, AD 23–79) was a Roman author, naturalist and natural philosopher, a naval and army commander of the early Roman Empire, and friend of emperor Vespasian.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Pliny the Elder · See more »

Po Valley

The Po Valley, Po Plain, Plain of the Po, or Padan Plain (Pianura Padana, or Val Padana) is a major geographical feature of Northern Italy.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Po Valley · See more »

Political alliance

A political alliance, also referred to as a political coalition, political bloc, is an agreement for cooperation between different political parties on common political agenda, often for purposes of contesting an election to mutually benefit by collectively clearing election thresholds, or otherwise benefiting from characteristics of the voting system or for government formation after elections.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Political alliance · See more »


Politics (from Politiká, meaning "affairs of the cities") is the process of making decisions that apply to members of a group.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Politics · See more »


Polybius (Πολύβιος, Polýbios; – BC) was a Greek historian of the Hellenistic period noted for his work which covered the period of 264–146 BC in detail.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Polybius · See more »


Polytheism (from Greek πολυθεϊσμός, polytheismos) is the worship of or belief in multiple deities, which are usually assembled into a pantheon of gods and goddesses, along with their own religions and rituals.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Polytheism · See more »


The pomerium or pomoerium was a religious boundary around the city of Rome and cities controlled by Rome.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Pomerium · See more »

Pons Sublicius

The Pons Sublicius is the earliest known bridge of ancient Rome, spanning the Tiber River near the Forum Boarium ("cattle forum") downstream from the Tiber Island, near the foot of the Aventine Hill.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Pons Sublicius · See more »


Populonia or Populonia Alta (Etruscan: Pupluna, Pufluna or Fufluna, all pronounced Fufluna; Latin: Populonium, Populonia, or Populonii) today is a frazione of the comune of Piombino (Tuscany, central Italy).

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Populonia · See more »

Pottery of ancient Greece

Ancient Greek pottery, due to its relative durability, comprises a large part of the archaeological record of ancient Greece, and since there is so much of it (over 100,000 painted vases are recorded in the Corpus vasorum antiquorum), it has exerted a disproportionately large influence on our understanding of Greek society.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Pottery of ancient Greece · See more »


Human prehistory is the period between the use of the first stone tools 3.3 million years ago by hominins and the invention of writing systems.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Prehistory · See more »

Proto-Indo-European religion

Proto-Indo-European religion is the belief system adhered to by the Proto-Indo-Europeans.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Proto-Indo-European religion · See more »

Punic language

The Punic language, also called Carthaginian or Phoenicio-Punic, is an extinct variety of the Phoenician language, a Canaanite language of the Semitic family.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Punic language · See more »


Raetia (also spelled Rhaetia) was a province of the Roman Empire, named after the Rhaetian (Raeti or Rhaeti) people.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Raetia · See more »


Regalia is Latin plurale tantum for the privileges and the insignia characteristic of a sovereign.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Regalia · See more »


A republic (res publica) is a form of government in which the country is considered a "public matter", not the private concern or property of the rulers.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Republic · See more »

Rhaetian language

Rhaetian or Rhaetic (Raetic) was a language spoken in the ancient region of Rhaetia in the Eastern Alps in pre-Roman and Roman times.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Rhaetian language · See more »

Rhaetian people

The Raeti (spelling variants: Rhaeti, Rheti or Rhaetii; Ancient Greek: Ῥαιτοί: transcription Rhaitoí) were a confederation of Alpine tribes, whose language and culture may have derived, at least in part, from the Etruscans.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Rhaetian people · See more »

Roman Empire

The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum,; Koine and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, tr.) was the post-Roman Republic period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Roman Empire · See more »

Roman Kingdom

The Roman Kingdom, or regal period, was the period of the ancient Roman civilization characterized by a monarchical form of government of the city of Rome and its territories.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Roman Kingdom · See more »

Roman mythology

Roman mythology is the body of traditional stories pertaining to ancient Rome's legendary origins and religious system, as represented in the literature and visual arts of the Romans.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Roman mythology · See more »

Roman Republic

The Roman Republic (Res publica Romana) was the era of classical Roman civilization beginning with the overthrow of the Roman Kingdom, traditionally dated to 509 BC, and ending in 27 BC with the establishment of the Roman Empire.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Roman Republic · See more »

Roman temple

Ancient Roman temples were among the most important buildings in Roman culture, and some of the richest buildings in Roman architecture, though only a few survive in any sort of complete state.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Roman temple · See more »

Roman tribe

A tribus, or tribe, was a division of the Roman people, constituting the voting units of a legislative assembly of the Roman Republic.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Roman tribe · See more »

Roman–Etruscan Wars

The Roman–Etruscan Wars were a series of wars fought between ancient Rome (including both the Roman Kingdom and the Roman Republic) and the Etruscans, from the earliest stages of the history of Rome.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Roman–Etruscan Wars · See more »


Rome (Roma; Roma) is the capital city of Italy and a special comune (named Comune di Roma Capitale).

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Rome · See more »

Romulus and Remus

In Roman mythology, Romulus and Remus are twin brothers, whose story tells the events that led to the founding of the city of Rome and the Roman Kingdom by Romulus.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Romulus and Remus · See more »


Rusellae, situated in the archaeological area of Roselle, was an important ancient town of Etruria (roughly modern Tuscany), and subsequently of ancient Rome, which survived until the Middle Ages before being abandoned.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Rusellae · See more »


The Samnites were an ancient Italic people who lived in Samnium in south-central Italy.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Samnites · See more »


A sarcophagus (plural, sarcophagi) is a box-like funeral receptacle for a corpse, most commonly carved in stone, and usually displayed above ground, though it may also be buried.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Sarcophagus · See more »


| conventional_long_name.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Sardinia · See more »

Sea Peoples

The Sea Peoples are a purported seafaring confederation that attacked ancient Egypt and other regions of the East Mediterranean prior to and during the Late Bronze Age collapse (1200–900 BC).

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Sea Peoples · See more »


In Etruscan mythology, Selvans was god of the woodlands, cognate with Roman Silvanus.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Selvans · See more »

Sovereign state

A sovereign state is, in international law, a nonphysical juridical entity that is represented by one centralized government that has sovereignty over a geographic area.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Sovereign state · See more »


Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Spain · See more »


Spina was an Etruscan port city, established by the end of the 6th century BCE, on the Adriatic at the ancient mouth of the Po, south of the lagoon which would become the site of Venice.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Spina · See more »


SPQR is an initialism of a phrase in ("The Roman Senate and People", or more freely as "The Senate and People of Rome"), referring to the government of the ancient Roman Republic, and used as an official emblem of the modern-day comune (municipality) of Rome.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and SPQR · See more »


A steleAnglicized plural steles; Greek plural stelai, from Greek στήλη, stēlē.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Stele · See more »


Strabo (Στράβων Strábōn; 64 or 63 BC AD 24) was a Greek geographer, philosopher, and historian who lived in Asia Minor during the transitional period of the Roman Republic into the Roman Empire.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Strabo · See more »

Syncope (phonology)

In phonology, syncope (from συγκοπή||cutting up) is the loss of one or more sounds from the interior of a word, especially the loss of an unstressed vowel.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Syncope (phonology) · See more »

Syracuse, Sicily

Syracuse (Siracusa,; Sarausa/Seragusa; Syrācūsae; Συράκουσαι, Syrakousai; Medieval Συρακοῦσαι) is a historic city on the island of Sicily, the capital of the Italian province of Syracuse.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Syracuse, Sicily · See more »


In classical Greek mythology, Syrinx (Greek Σύριγξ) was a nymph and a follower of Artemis, known for her chastity.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Syrinx · See more »


Tages was a founding prophet of Etruscan religion who is known from reports by Latin authors of the late Roman Republic and Roman Empire.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Tages · See more »


In Etruscan mythology, Tarchon and his brother, Tyrrhenus, were culture heroes who founded the Etruscan League of twelve cities, the Dodecapoli.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Tarchon · See more »


Tarquinia, formerly Corneto, is an old city in the province of Viterbo, Lazio, Italy known chiefly for its outstanding and unique ancient Etruscan tombs in the widespread necropoli or cemeteries which it overlies, for which it was awarded UNESCO World Heritage status.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Tarquinia · See more »


In Etruscan religion and myth, Thalna was a divine figure usually regarded as a goddess of childbirth.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Thalna · See more »

The New York Times

The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and The New York Times · See more »


Thessaly (Θεσσαλία, Thessalía; ancient Thessalian: Πετθαλία, Petthalía) is a traditional geographic and modern administrative region of Greece, comprising most of the ancient region of the same name.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Thessaly · See more »


Thucydides (Θουκυδίδης,, Ancient Attic:; BC) was an Athenian historian and general.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Thucydides · See more »


The Tiber (Latin Tiberis, Italian Tevere) is the third-longest river in Italy, rising in the Apennine Mountains in Emilia-Romagna and flowing through Tuscany, Umbria and Lazio, where it is joined by the river Aniene, to the Tyrrhenian Sea, between Ostia and Fiumicino.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Tiber · See more »


Timpani or kettledrums (also informally called timps) are musical instruments in the percussion family.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Timpani · See more »


Tinia (also Tin, Tinh, Tins or Tina) was the god of the sky and the highest god in Etruscan mythology, equivalent to the Roman Jupiter and the Greek Zeus.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Tinia · See more »

Tintinnabulum (Ancient Rome)

In ancient Rome, a tintinnabulum (less often tintinnum) was a wind chime or assemblage of bells.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Tintinnabulum (Ancient Rome) · See more »


The Enciclopedia Italiana di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti (Italian for "Italian Encyclopaedia of Science, Letters, and Arts"), best known as Treccani for its developer Giovanni Treccani or Enciclopedia Italiana, is an Italian-language encyclopaedia.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Treccani · See more »

Tribal chief

A tribal chief is the leader of a tribal society or chiefdom.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Tribal chief · See more »


Troy (Τροία, Troia or Τροίας, Troias and Ἴλιον, Ilion or Ἴλιος, Ilios; Troia and Ilium;Trōia is the typical Latin name for the city. Ilium is a more poetic term: Hittite: Wilusha or Truwisha; Truva or Troya) was a city in the far northwest of the region known in late Classical antiquity as Asia Minor, now known as Anatolia in modern Turkey, near (just south of) the southwest mouth of the Dardanelles strait and northwest of Mount Ida.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Troy · See more »


A tumulus (plural tumuli) is a mound of earth and stones raised over a grave or graves.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Tumulus · See more »

Turan (mythology)

Turan was the Etruscan goddess of love, fertility and vitality and patroness of the city of Velch.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Turan (mythology) · See more »


In Etruscan religion, Turms (usually written as 𐌕𐌖𐌓𐌌𐌑 Turmś in the Etruscan alphabet) was the equivalent of Roman Mercury and Greek Hermes, both gods of trade and the messenger god between people and gods.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Turms · See more »


Tuscany (Toscana) is a region in central Italy with an area of about and a population of about 3.8 million inhabitants (2013).

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Tuscany · See more »

Tyrrhenian Sea

The Tyrrhenian Sea (Mar Tirreno, Mer Tyrrhénienne, Mare Tirrenu, Mari Tirrenu, Mari Tirrenu, Mare Tirreno) is part of the Mediterranean Sea off the western coast of Italy.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Tyrrhenian Sea · See more »


The Tyrrhenians (Attic Greek: Τυρρηνοί Turrhēnoi) or Tyrsenians (Ionic: Τυρσηνοί Tursēnoi; Doric: Τυρσανοί Tursānoi) is an exonym used by Greek authors to refer to a non-Greek people.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Tyrrhenians · See more »


In Etruscan mythology, Tyrrhenus (in Τυρρηνός) was one of the founders of the Etruscan League of twelve cities, along with his brother Tarchon.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Tyrrhenus · See more »

Tyrsenian languages

Tyrsenian (also Tyrrhenian), named after the Tyrrhenians (Ancient Greek, Ionic: Τυρσηνοί, Tursēnoi), is a hypothetical extinct family of closely related ancient languages proposed by Helmut Rix (1998), that consists of the Etruscan language of central Italy, the Raetic language of the Alps, and the Lemnian language of the Aegean Sea.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Tyrsenian languages · See more »


The Umbri were Italic peoples of ancient Italy.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Umbri · See more »


Umbria is a region of central Italy.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Umbria · See more »

Umbrian language

Umbrian is an extinct Italic language formerly spoken by the Umbri in the ancient Italian region of Umbria.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Umbrian language · See more »

University of Ferrara

The University of Ferrara (Università degli Studi di Ferrara) is the main university of the city of Ferrara in the Emilia-Romagna region of northern Italy.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and University of Ferrara · See more »

Upper Paleolithic

The Upper Paleolithic (or Upper Palaeolithic, Late Stone Age) is the third and last subdivision of the Paleolithic or Old Stone Age.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Upper Paleolithic · See more »


Vegoia (Etruscan: Vecu) is a nymph and/or sibyl within the Etruscan religious framework who is responsible for writing some parts of their large and complex set of sacred books, of initiating the Etruscan people to the arts, originating the rules and rituals of land marking, and presiding over the observance, respect and preservation of boundaries.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Vegoia · See more »


Veii (also Veius, Veio) was an important ancient Etruscan city situated on the southern limits of Etruria and only north-northwest of Rome, Italy.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Veii · See more »


Vetulonia, formerly called Vetulonium (Etruscan Vatluna), was an ancient town of Etruria, Italy, the site of which is probably occupied by the modern village of Vetulonia, which up to 1887 bore the name of Colonnata and Colonna di Buriano: the site is currently a frazione of the comune of Castiglione della Pescaia, with some 400 inhabitants.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Vetulonia · See more »

Vicus Tuscus

Vicus Tuscus ("Etruscan Street" or "Tuscan Street") was an ancient street in the city of Rome, running southwest out of the Roman Forum between the Basilica Julia and the Temple of Castor and Pollux towards the Forum Boarium and Circus Maximus via the west side of the Palatine Hill and Velabrum.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Vicus Tuscus · See more »

Villanovan culture

The Villanovan culture was the earliest Iron Age culture of central and northern Italy, abruptly following the Bronze Age Terramare culture and giving way in the 7th century BC to an increasingly orientalizing culture influenced by Greek traders, which was followed without a severe break by the Etruscan civilization.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Villanovan culture · See more »


The Vindelici were a Celtic people in antiquity.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Vindelici · See more »


Volsinii or Vulsinii (Etruscan: Velzna or Velusna; Greek: Ouolsinii, Ὀυολσίνιοι; Ὀυολσίνιον), is the name of two ancient cities of Etruria, one situated on the shore of Lacus Volsiniensis (modern Lago di Bolsena), and the other on the Via Clodia, between Clusium (Chiusi) and Forum Cassii (Vetralla).

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Volsinii · See more »


Volterra is a walled mountaintop town in the Tuscany region of Italy of which its history dates to before the 7th century BC and has substantial structures from the Etruscan, Roman, and Medieval periods.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Volterra · See more »


Vulci or Volci was a rich and important Etruscan city (in Etruscan, Velch or Velx, depending on the romanization used).

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Vulci · See more »

Western culture

Western culture, sometimes equated with Western civilization, Occidental culture, the Western world, Western society, European civilization,is a term used very broadly to refer to a heritage of social norms, ethical values, traditional customs, belief systems, political systems and specific artifacts and technologies that have some origin or association with Europe.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Western culture · See more »


Wikisource is an online digital library of free content textual sources on a wiki, operated by the Wikimedia Foundation.

New!!: Etruscan civilization and Wikisource · See more »

Redirects here:

Ancient Etruscans, Etrurian civilisation, Etrurian civilization, Etrurians, Etrusc, Etrusca, Etruscan Civilization, Etruscan Confederation, Etruscan bronze, Etruscan civilisation, Etruscan civilization/Archive 1, Etruscan culture, Etruscan literature, Etruscan people, Etruscans, Etrusci, Etrusco, Etruscs, History of the Etruscans, Hypotheses and theories for Etruscian origin, Hypothesis and theories for Etruscian origin, Rasenna, Romans and Etruscans, The Etruscans, Tyrrhi.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Etruscan_civilization

Hey! We are on Facebook now! »