72 relations: Abu Tor, Alexandroni Brigade, Arab Legion, Army, Atarot, Baka, Jerusalem, Beit Horon, Beit Jala, Central Command (Israel), David Ben-Gurion, David Shaltiel, Dead Sea, Dov Yosef, Ein Karem, Gadna (Israel), German Colony, Jerusalem, Givati Brigade, Greek Colony, Jerusalem, Guard Corps (Haganah), Gush Etzion, Haaretz, Haganah, Harel Brigade, Hartuv, Hish (Haganah corps), Infantry, Irgun, Israel, Israel Defense Forces, Jerusalem, Katamon, Killed in action, Lehi (militant group), Malha, Mandelbaum Gate, Manpower Directorate, Mar Elias Monastery, Meir Pa'il, Mekor Chaim, Michmash, Moriah, Moshe Dayan, Moshe Sneh, Moshe Tzadok, Motza, Mount Scopus, Muslim Brotherhood, Musrara, Jerusalem, Neve Yaakov, New Gate, ..., Old City (Jerusalem), Operation Ha-Har, Operation Kedem, Operation Kilshon, Operation Shfifon, Operation Yevusi, Palmach, Plan Dalet, Ramat Rachel, Rehavia, Reserve duty (Israel), Sanhedria, Sheikh Jarrah, Southern Command (Israel), Tel Aviv, Tower of David, Yemin Moshe, Yisrael Amir, Yisrael Galili, Zion Gate, 1948 Arab–Israeli War, 1948 Palestine war. Expand index (22 more) » « Shrink index
Abu Tor (أبو طور or الثوري, אבו תור) (lit. "Father of the Bull") is a mixed Jewish and Arab neighborhood in Jerusalem, south of the Old City.
The Alexandroni Brigade (3rd Brigade) is an Israel Defense Forces brigade that fought in the 1948 Arab-Israeli war.
The Arab Legion was the regular army of Transjordan and then Jordan in the early part of the 20th century.
An army (from Latin arma "arms, weapons" via Old French armée, "armed" (feminine)) or land force is a fighting force that fights primarily on land.
Atarot (עטרות) was a moshav in Mandatory Palestine, north of Jerusalem along the highway to Ramallah.
Baka (بقعه, lit. "Valley") (בַּקְעָה) is a neighborhood in southern Jerusalem, Israel.
Beit Horon (בֵּית חוֹרוֹן) is a communal Israeli settlement in the West Bank.
Beit Jala (بيت جالا) is a Palestinian Christian town in the Bethlehem Governorate of the West Bank.
The Israeli Central Command (פיקוד מרכז, Pikud Merkaz), often abbreviated to Pakmaz (פקמ"ז), is a regional command of the Israel Defense Forces.
David Ben-Gurion (דָּוִד בֶּן-גּוּרִיּוֹן;, born David Grün; 16 October 1886 – 1 December 1973) was the primary national founder of the State of Israel and the first Prime Minister of Israel.
David Shaltiel (hebrew: דוד שאלתיאל,.
The Dead Sea (יָם הַמֶּלַח lit. Sea of Salt; البحر الميت The first article al- is unnecessary and usually not used.) is a salt lake bordered by Jordan to the east and Israel and Palestine to the west.
Dov Yosef (דב יוסף, 27 May 1899 – 7 January 1980) was an Israeli statesman.
Ein Karem (עֵין כֶּרֶם, lit. "Spring of the Vineyard", and عين كارم - ʿEin Kārem or ʿAyn Kārim; also Ain Karem, Ein Kerem) is an ancient village of the Jerusalem District and now a neighbourhood in southwest Jerusalem and the site of the Hadassah Medical Center.
Gadna (גדנ״ע) is an Israeli military program that prepares young people for military service in the Israel Defense Forces.
The German Colony (המושבה הגרמנית, HaMoshava HaGermanit) is a neighborhood in Jerusalem, established in the second half of the 19th century by members of the German Temple Society.
The 84th "Givati" Brigade (חֲטִיבַת גִּבְעָתִי, literally "Hill Brigade" or "Highland Brigade") is an Israel Defense Forces infantry brigade, and serves as its amphibious force.
The Greek Colony (HaMoshava HaYevanit) is a neighborhood in Jerusalem, Israel, bordering the German Colony and Katamon.
The Guard Corps (חיל המשמר, Heil HaMishmar, abbr. חי"ם, HIM), also Guard Force, was the stationary military unit of the Haganah, a Jewish paramilitary organization in Mandatory Palestine.
Gush Etzion (גּוּשׁ עֶצְיוֹן, Etzion Bloc) is a cluster of Jewish settlements located in the Judaean Mountains, directly south of Jerusalem and Bethlehem in the West Bank.
Haaretz (הארץ) (lit. "The Land ", originally Ḥadashot Ha'aretz – חדשות הארץ, – "News of the Land ") is an Israeli newspaper.
Haganah (הַהֲגָנָה, lit. The Defence) was a Jewish paramilitary organization in the British Mandate of Palestine (1921–48), which became the core of the Israel Defense Forces (IDF).
Harel Brigade (Hativat Harel) is a reserve brigade of the Israel Defense Forces, today part of the Northern Command.
Hartuv (הרטוב) or Har-Tuv (lit. "Mount of Goodness") was an agricultural colony in the Judean Hills established in 1883 on land purchased from the Arab village of Artuf by English missionaries.
Hish (חי"ש, an abbreviation of Heil HaSadeh (חיל השדה), lit. Field Corps) was a corps formed by the Haganah in the British Mandate of Palestine in 1939, following the disbandment of the smaller mobilized force known as the Fosh.
Infantry is the branch of an army that engages in military combat on foot, distinguished from cavalry, artillery, and tank forces.
The Irgun (ארגון; full title:, lit. "The National Military Organization in the Land of Israel") was a Zionist paramilitary organization that operated in Mandate Palestine between 1931 and 1948.
Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in the Middle East, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea.
The Israel Defense Forces (IDF; צְבָא הַהֲגָנָה לְיִשְׂרָאֵל, lit. "The Army of Defense for Israel"; جيش الدفاع الإسرائيلي), commonly known in Israel by the Hebrew acronym Tzahal, are the military forces of the State of Israel.
Jerusalem (יְרוּשָׁלַיִם; القُدس) is a city in the Middle East, located on a plateau in the Judaean Mountains between the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea.
Katamon or Qatamon (قطمون Katamun, קטמון, Καταμώνας Katamónas) is a Jewish neighbourhood in south-central Jerusalem.
Killed in action (KIA) is a casualty classification generally used by militaries to describe the deaths of their own combatants at the hands of hostile forces.
Lehi (לח"י – לוחמי חרות ישראל Lohamei Herut Israel – Lehi, "Fighters for the Freedom of Israel – Lehi"), often known pejoratively as the Stern Gang,"This group was known to its friends as LEHI and to its enemies as the Stern Gang." Blumberg, Arnold.
Malha is a neighborhood in southwest Jerusalem, between Pat, Ramat Denya and Kiryat Hayovel in the Valley of Rephaim.
Mandelbaum Gate is a former checkpoint between Israeli and Jordanian sectors of Jerusalem, just north of the western edge of the Old City along the Green Line.
The Israeli Manpower Directorate (Agaf Koakh Adam, abbreviated to Aka), also known as the Personnel Directorate and formerly called the Human Resources Directorate, is the Israel Defense Forces body that coordinates and assembles activities related to the control over human resources and its placement.
Mar Elias Monastery is a Greek Orthodox monastery in south Jerusalem, on a hill overlooking Bethlehem and Herodium.
Meir Pa'il (מאיר פעיל‎; 19 June 1926 – 15 September 2015) was a colonel in the Israel Defense Forces, an Israeli politician, and military historian.
Mekor Chaim (also Makor Haim, מקור חיים, lit. Source of life) is a neighborhood in southwest Jerusalem, Israel.
Michmash - "Laid Up Place"; a town of Benjamin, east of Bethel and south of Migron, on the road to Jerusalem.
Moriah (Marwah) is the name given to a mountainous region by the Book of Genesis, in which context it is the location of the sacrifice of Isaac.
Moshe Dayan (משה דיין; 20 May 1915 – 16 October 1981) was an Israeli military leader and politician.
Moshe Sneh (מֹשֶׁה סְנֶה, Moshe Kleinbaum; 6 January 1909 – 1 March 1972) was an Israeli politician and military figure.
Moshe Lehrer Tzadok (sometimes spelled Moshe Zadok; משה צדוק (לֶרֶר); July 1, 1913 - March 15, 1964) was Haganah fighter and later an IDF major general, first head of the Manpower Directorate during the Israeli War of Independence, and head of the Israeli Northern and Southern Command during the early 1950s.
Motza (or Motsa) (מוֹצָא) is a neighbourhood on the western edge of Jerusalem, Israel.
Mount Scopus (הַר הַצּוֹפִים Har HaTsofim, "Mount of the Watchmen/Sentinels"; جبل المشارف Ǧabal al-Mašārif, lit. "Mount Lookout", or جبل المشهد Ǧabal al-Mašhad "Mount of the Scene/Burial Site", or جبل الصوانة is a mountain (elevation: 2710 feet or 826 meters above sea level) in northeast Jerusalem. In the wake of the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, Mount Scopus became a UN-protected Israeli exclave within Jordanian-administered territory until the Six-Day War in 1967. Today, Mount Scopus lies within the municipal boundaries of the city of Jerusalem.
The Society of the Muslim Brothers (جماعة الإخوان المسلمين), better known as the Muslim Brotherhood (الإخوان المسلمون), is a transnational Sunni Islamist organization founded in Egypt by Islamic scholar and schoolteacher Hassan al-Banna in 1928.
Musrara (مصرارة, מוסררה) also known by its Hebrew name, Morasha is a neighborhood in Jerusalem.
Neve Yaakov also Neve Ya'aqov, (נווה יעקב; lit. Jacob's Oasis), is an Israeli settlement and neighborhood located in East Jerusalem, north of Pisgat Ze'ev and south of al-Ram.
The New Gate (باب الجديد Bāb ij-Jdïd) (השער החדש HaSha'ar HeChadash) is the newest gate in the walls that surround the Old City of Jerusalem.
The Old City (הָעִיר הָעַתִּיקָה, Ha'Ir Ha'Atiqah, البلدة القديمة, al-Balda al-Qadimah) is a walled area within the modern city of Jerusalem.
Operation Ha-Har (ההר, The Mountain), or Operation El Ha-Har, was an Israeli Defence Forces campaign against villages southwest of Jerusalem launched at the end of October 1948.
Operation Kedem was an action planned and carried out in July 1948, during the 1948 Arab–Israeli war.
From 13–18 May 1948 Jewish forces from the Haganah and Irgun executed Operation Kilshon ("Pitchfork").
On May 13, 1948, a day before the state of Israel was proclaimed, the Haganah launched Operation Shfifon (lit. Operation Cerastes Cerastes) with the aim of capturing the British outposts in the Old City of Jerusalem and preventing the Arab forces from taking control of them first.
Operation Yevusi (מבצע יבוסי) (Eng. Jebusite) was a Palmach military operation carried out during the 1948 Arab–Israeli War to assert Jewish control over Jerusalem.
The Palmach (Hebrew:, acronym for Plugot Maḥatz (Hebrew), lit. "strike forces") was the elite fighting force of the Haganah, the underground army of the Yishuv (Jewish community) during the period of the British Mandate for Palestine.
Plan Dalet (תוכנית ד', Tokhnit dalet) was a plan worked out by the Haganah in Mandatory Palestine in March 1948.
Ramat Rachel (רָמַת רָחֵל, lit. Rachel's Heights) is a kibbutz in central Israel.
Rehavia, also Rechavia (רחביה, رحافيا), is an upscale Jerusalem neighborhood located between the city center and Talbiya.
In reserve duty (or reserve service; שירות מילואים, Sherut Milu'im), Israeli residents who have completed military service are assigned to the Israel Defense Forces' military reserve force to provide reinforcements during emergencies (war, military operations or natural disasters), and as a matter of routine course (e.g. for training, ongoing security and other activities).
Sanhedria (סנהדריה) is a Haredi neighborhood in northern Jerusalem.
Sheikh Jarrah (الشيخ جراح, שייח' ג'ראח) is a predominantly Palestinian neighborhood in East Jerusalem, 2 kilometers north of the Old City, on the road to Mount Scopus.
The Israeli Southern Command (פיקוד דרום, transliterated: Pikud Darom), often abbreviated to Padam (פד"מ), is a regional command of the Israel Defense Forces (IDF).
Tel Aviv (תֵּל אָבִיב,, تل أَبيب) is the second most populous city in Israel – after Jerusalem – and the most populous city in the conurbation of Gush Dan, Israel's largest metropolitan area.
The Tower of David (מגדל דוד, Migdal David, برج داود, Burj Daud), also known as the Jerusalem Citadel, is an ancient citadel located near the Jaffa Gate entrance to western edge of the Old City of Jerusalem.
Yemin Moshe (ימין משה "Moses Memorial") is a historic neighborhood in Jerusalem, Israel overlooking the Old City.
Yisrael Galili (ישראל גלילי, born Yisrael Berchenko on 10 February 1911, died 8 February 1986) was an Israeli politician, government minister and member of Knesset.
Zion Gate (שער ציון, Sha'ar Zion, باب صهيون, Bab Sahyun) also known in Arabic as Bab Harat al-Yahud ("Jewish Quarter Gate"), or Bab an-Nabi Dawud ("Prophet David Gate"), is one of eight gates in the walls of the Old City of Jerusalem.
The 1948 Arab–Israeli War, or the First Arab–Israeli War, was fought between the State of Israel and a military coalition of Arab states over the control of Palestine, forming the second stage of the 1948 Palestine war.
The 1948 Palestine war, known in Hebrew as the War of Independence (מלחמת העצמאות, Milkhemet Ha'Atzma'ut) or the War of Liberation (מלחמת השחרור, Milkhemet HaShikhrur) and in Arabic as The Nakba or Catastrophe (النكبة, al-Nakba), refers to the war that occurred in the former Mandatory Palestine during the period between the United Nations vote on the partition plan on November 30, 1947, and the official end of the first Arab–Israeli war on July 20, 1949.